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ultrasound organ prolapse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624916/interethnic-variation-in-pelvic-floor-morphology-in-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#1
Zeelha Abdool, Hans Peter Dietz, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a lack of epidemiological studies evaluating female pelvic organ prolapse in developing countries. Current studies have largely focused on women of white ethnicity. This study was designed to determine interethnic variation in pelvic floor functional anatomy, namely, levator hiatal distensibility and pelvic organ descent, in women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a multi-ethnic South African population. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 258 consecutive women referred for pelvic organ prolapse assessment and management at a tertiary urogynaecological clinic...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620795/levator-ani-defects-and-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-women-with-anterior-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#2
Sissel H Oversand, Anne C Staff, Leiv Sandvik, Ingrid Volløyhaug, Rune Svenningsen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsions in a selected cohort of patients with primary anterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess whether LAM avulsions, as an independent factor, affect the degree of POP symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Additionally, clinical and demographic variables of women with and those without avulsions were compared. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study including 197 women scheduled for anterior compartment POP surgery...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538602/pelvic-organ-prolapse-does-hormone-therapy-use-matter
#3
Erika J Wasenda, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Nishamini Subramaniam, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of hormone therapy (HT) use on pelvic organ support. METHODS: A retrospective observational study involving postmenopausal women with pelvic floor dysfunction attending a tertiary urogynecology center between January 2012 and March 2015. All underwent a clinical examination including International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification and 4D translabial ultrasound imaging. Information on current or former use of systemic HT and current local estrogen use was collected...
May 22, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523401/functional-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-following-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-does-the-grade-of-injury-affect-outcomes
#4
Lisa Ramage, Clarence Yen, Shengyang Qiu, Constantinos Simillis, Christos Kontovounisios, Paris Tekkis, Emile Tan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to compare functional and quality of life data in patients with increasing grades of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) presenting to a tertiary colorectal pelvic floor clinic within 24 months of delivery. METHODS: Prospective data were collected from the patients for the period 2009-2016 and included data on functional outcomes and motor anorectal manometry parameters. The instruments used for the evaluation of functional outcomes were the Birmingham Bowel and Urinary Symptoms Questionnaire, the Wexner Incontinence Score, Short Form 36, and the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire...
May 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444408/prolapse-assessment-supine-and-standing-do-we-need-different-cutoffs-for-significant-prolapse
#5
Nuria-Laia Rodríguez-Mias, Nishamini Subramaniam, Talia Friedman, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Translabial ultrasound (TLUS) has shown good correlations between clinical examination and imaging findings in the supine position, and limits of normality have been described. This is not the case for imaging in the standing position. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that different cutoff values are required for imaging in the standing position. METHODS: This was a retrospective study carried out in a tertiary urogynecological unit in women presenting with symptoms of lower urinary tract and pelvic floor dysfunction between August 2013 and December 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285396/pelvic-organ-support-several-years-after-a-first-birth
#6
Caroline W S Ferreira, Ixora K Atan, Andrew Martin, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female pelvic organ prolapse is highly prevalent and childbirth has been shown to be an important risk factor. The study was carried out to observe if pelvic organ support deteriorates over time following a first birth. METHODS: This is a retrospective review using archived data sets of women seen in the context of two prospective perinatal imaging studies. All subjects had undergone a standardised interview, a clinical examination and 4D translabial ultrasound, 3 months and 2-5 years post-partum...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258345/effect-of-pessary-use-on-hydronephrosis-in-women-with-advanced-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-self-selected-interventional-trial
#7
Christina E Dancz, Daphne Walker, Diane Thomas, Nuzhath Hussain, Begüm Özel
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of women who demonstrate improvement in hydronephrosis after pessary placement for advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a planned subset analysis of a prospective study on the prevalence of hydronephrosis in women with advanced POP. Women with anterior or apical POP ≥1 cm past the hymenal remnant were enrolled and screened for hydronephrosis. All were offered expectant management, pessary placement or surgery...
March 3, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213799/the-hybrid-technique-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-apical-sling-and-subfascial-colporrhaphy
#8
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Alexey Pisarev, Anastasiya Zaytseva, Ekaterina Shapovalova
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of patients with cystocele undergoing reconstructive surgery have combined defects of pubocervical fascia and uterosacral/cardinal ligament complex. In this regard, the simultaneous correction of both defects is rational. Furthermore, decreasing the use of synthetic materials in pelvic floor surgery is an important goal. The aim was to evaluate the objective and subjective cure rate of a hybrid technique: bilateral sacrospinous fixation using modern monofilament synthetic tape (apical sling) combined with the original technique of subfascial colporrhaphy...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213798/digital-rectal-examination-in-the-evaluation-of-rectovaginal-septal-defects
#9
Suneetha Rachaneni, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of digital rectal examination in the identification of a true rectocele. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study utilising 187 archived data sets of women presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms and/or pelvic organ prolapse between August 2012 and November 2013. Evaluation included a standardised interview, ICS-POPQ, rectal examination and 4D translabial ultrasound...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154915/prolapse-symptoms-are-associated-with-abnormal-functional-anatomy-of-the-pelvic-floor
#10
Zeelha Abdool, Hans Peter Dietz, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The etiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) likely includes over-distension or tears (avulsion) of the levator ani muscle. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the association between symptoms of POP and these factors. This study was designed to determine the association between POP symptoms and clinical prolapse stage on the one hand, and pelvic floor functional anatomy on the other hand. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 258 patients seen at a tertiary urogynecological unit with symptoms of POP as defined by pertinent ICIQ questions...
February 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134704/diagnostic-accuracy-and-clinical-implications-of-translabial-ultrasound-for-the-assessment-of-levator-ani-defects-and-levator-ani-biometry-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-systematic-review
#11
Kim J B Notten, Tineke F M Vergeldt, Sander M J van Kuijk, Mirjam Weemhoff, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy and clinical implications of translabial 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound for the assessment of levator ani defects and biometry in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search through computerized databases including MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE (via OvidSP), and the Cochrane Library using both medical subject headings and text terms from January 1, 2003, to December 25, 2015...
January 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117880/intrapartum-predictors-of-maternal-levator-ani-injury
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jessica Caudwell-Hall, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Andrew Martin, Rodrigo Guzman Rojas, Susanne Langer, Kalai Shek, Hans P Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Damage to the pelvic floor during vaginal childbirth is common, and may take the form of levator avulsion or irreversible overdistension of the levator hiatus (microtrauma). Such trauma is a major risk factor for pelvic organ prolapse later in life. In this study we aimed to identify intrapartum risk factors for levator trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of data obtained in two perinatal studies on primiparous women. Between 2005 and 2014, 1148 women carrying an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy in the late third trimester were seen for 4D pelvic floor ultrasound and an interview...
April 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102588/three-dimensional-translabial-ultrasound-assessment-of-urethral-supports-and-the-urethral-sphincter-complex-in-stress-urinary-incontinence
#13
Jordi Cassadó Garriga, Antoni Pessarrodona Isern, Monica Rodríguez Carballeira, Mar Pallarols Badia, Manuela Moya Del Corral, Marta Valls Esteve, Eva Huguet Galofré
AIMS: The pathophysiological mechanism of incontinence is multifactorial. We evaluated the role of 3D-4D ultrasound in the assessment of the fascial supports of the urethra and the urethral sphincter complex (USC) for diagnosing stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Observational case-control study in women with and without stress urinary incontinence attending a urogynecology service and a general gynecology service. All women were interviewed, examined, and classified according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) and underwent a 3D-4D translabial ultrasound...
January 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078670/levator-ani-muscle-avulsion-is-a-risk-factor-for-vaginal-pessary-expulsion-within-1-year-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#14
Rachel Yau Kar Cheung, Jacqueline Ho Sze Lee, Lai Loi Lee, Tony Kwok Hung Chung, Symphorosa Shing Chee Chan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether presence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion was associated with expulsion of vaginal pessary for women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This prospective observational study recruited consecutive women with symptomatic POP. Vaginal pessary was offered and offline analysis of the 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound volume data of women was performed. Volume acquisition had been performed before pessary insertion...
January 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005595/pelvic-floor-ultrasound-a-review
#15
Hans Peter Dietz
Female pelvic floor dysfunction encompasses a number of prevalent conditions and includes pelvic organ prolapse, urinary and fecal incontinence, obstructed defecation, and sexual dysfunction. In most cases neither etiology nor pathophysiology are well understood. Imaging has great potential to enhance both research and clinical management capabilities, and to date this potential is underutilized. Of the available techniques such as x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound, the latter is generally superior for pelvic floor imaging, especially in the form of perineal or translabial imaging...
March 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939329/pelvic-floor-morphometry-and-function-in-women-with-and-without-puborectalis-avulsion-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marie-Pierre Cyr, Jennifer Kruger, Vivien Wong, Chantale Dumoulin, Isabelle Girard, Mélanie Morin
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscles are subject to considerable stretching during vaginal birth. In 13-36% of women, stretching results in avulsion injury whereby the puborectalis muscle disconnects from its insertion points on the pubis bone. Until now, few studies have investigated the effect of this lesion on pelvic floor muscles in the early postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to compare pelvic floor muscle morphometry and function in primiparous women with and without puborectalis avulsion in the early postpartum period...
March 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924376/predicting-levator-avulsion-from-ics-pop-q-findings
#17
Alejandro Pattillo Garnham, Rodrigo Guzmán Rojas, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Levator avulsion is a common consequence of vaginal childbirth. It is associated with symptomatic female pelvic organ prolapse and is also a predictor of recurrence after surgical correction. Skills and hardware necessary for diagnosis by imaging are, however, not universally available. Diagnosis of avulsion may benefit from an elevated index of suspicion. The aim of this study was to examine the predictive value of the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (ICS POP-Q) for the diagnosis of levator avulsion by tomographic 4D translabial ultrasound...
December 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919131/-an-intravesical-foreign-body-after-caesarean-section-and-tissue-fixing-system-tfs-operation-two-case-reports
#18
Kohei Mori, Masahiro Yanagisawa, Kotaro Hirai
Foreign body in the bladder is a relatively rare case. We encountered two cases of foreign bodies in the bladder after gynecological surgery. Case 1 was a 72-year-old woman. When she was 70 years old,an operation for her pelvic organ prolapse was performed. She visited our hospital because of discomfort in urination. We performed a transurethral lithotripsy of the bladder stone and detected a foreign body,and it was an anchor used for the Tissue Fixation System(TFS)operation (a pelvic organ prolapse operation)...
October 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872979/evaluation-of-isolated-urinary-stress-incontinence-according-to-the-type-of-levator-ani-muscle-lesion-using-3-4d-transperineal-ultrasound-36%C3%A2-months-post-partum
#19
José Antonio García Mejido, Pamela Valdivieso Mejias, Ana Fernández Palacín, María José Bonomi Barby, Paloma De la Fuente Vaquero, José Antonio Sainz Bueno
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal delivery can lead to pelvic floor disorders. Many authors have described pelvic floor injuries that can predict future defects such as urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. We propose the assessment of urinary stress incontinence and its association with levator ani muscle (LAM) microtrauma (>20% in the levator hiatus area during Valsalva) and macrotraumas (avulsion) identified by 3/4D transperineal ultrasound (3D-TpUS) 36 months post-partum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study including 168 nulliparous women...
July 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647755/ep31-01-pelvic-floor-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-postpartum-perineal-diseases-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#20
E Falò, M Leombroni, D Buca, R Savone, S Gustapane, A Santarelli, F Frondaroli, A Ricciardulli, C Di Matteo, F Fanfani, M Liberati, F D'Antonio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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