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Limb fractures

Sturla Gjesdal, Tor Helge Holmaas, Karin Monstad, Øystein Hetlevik
OBJECTIVES: To identify new cases of musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders among employed people presenting in Norwegian primary care in 2012, frequency of sickness certification and length of sick leave. To identify patient-, diagnosis- and GP-related predictors of sickness certification, prolonged sick leave and return to work (RTW). METHODS: An observational multiregister-based cohort study covering all employed persons in Norway(1 176 681 women and 1 330 082 men) based on claims data from all regular GPs merged with individual sociodemographic data from public registers was performed...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Tao Jiang, Lin Jiang, Jun-de Shi, Yong-Ge Jiang, Du-Liang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the treatment skill and clinical effect of bone setting manipulation in treating proximal humeral fracture with shoulder dislocation. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2015, 118 cases of proximal humeral fractures with shoulder joint dislocation were treated by bone setting reduction and fixation with adhesive tape or Kirschner wire after reduction, including 56 males and 62 females with an average age of 61 years old ranging from 48 to 88 years old...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jing-Yang Sun, Yong-Gang Zhou, Yin-Qiao Du, Shang Piao, Sen Wang, Zhi-Sen Gao, Wen-Ming Wu, Hai-Yang Ma
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of ceramic on ceramic total hip arthroplasty(THA)in Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip(DDH). METHODS: From April 2008 to December 2015, 137 hips of 111 Crowe IV DDH patients received THA using Forte or Delta ceramic on ceramic by one senior surgeon, which consists of 85 unilateral hips and 26 bilateral hips. The average age of the patients was(38.88±10.83) years old ranging from 18 to 68 years old. The mean follow-up was(41...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Zhen-En Lin, Hong Zheng, Xue-Sheng Chen, Zhao-Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the outcome of modified closure bone setting manipulation for the treatment of femoral neck fracture. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2012, 47 cases of femoral neck fracture were treated and included 25 males and 22 females with an average age of (44.58±10.32) years old ranging from 23 to 61 years old. All patients had a history of trauma, hip pain and movement limited, limb shortening extorsion deformity, X-ray showed fracture between femoral head and femoral neck basic...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
R J Cong, J F Liu, Y Jiang, Duolikun Dilixiati, X D Hou, L P Zheng
Objective: To explore the influence of the lower extremity abnormal alignment and the joint surface, and to explore the surgical skills. Methods: Twenty-two cases of tibial plateau Schatzker Ⅵ fracture internal fixation failure revision from January 2012 to January 2017 in Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai 10(th) Hospital.One year follow-up after initial surgery to make sure of failure.Three-dimensional CT scan, radiography, infection index, gait analysis, knee joint ROM, femur tibia angle, tibial plateau tibial shaft angle and posterior slope if tibial plateau were observed...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Ryan R Birks, Michael P Kowaleski
OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study is to compare the load at failure and mode of failure between (1) tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) and combined TPLO and tibial tuberosity transposition (TPLO-TTT) (Phase I) and (2) TPLO-TTT and tibial tuberosity transposition (TTT) (Phase II). METHODS:  Seven pairs of cadaveric tibiae were tested in each of the Phase I (TPLO vs. TPLO-TTT) and Phase II (TPLO-TTT vs. TTT) experiments. One limb of each pair was randomly assigned to one of two groups for each experimental phase...
February 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Hyun-Chel Joo, Seung-Hyun Lee, Byung-Chul Chang, Sak Lee, Kyung-Jong Yoo, Young-Nam Youn
BACKGROUND: With the increasing use of endovascular aortic repair, secondary interventions after aortic stent grafting remain a concern. We retrospectively reviewed open conversion cases with complications following endovascular abdominal aortic repair (EVAR). METHODS: EVAR due to infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was performed in 566 patients between January 1994 and May 2015. A retrospective review of EVAR requiring late open conversion (>1 month after implant) was conducted...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Luis A Aponte-Tinao, Jose I Albergo, Miguel A Ayerza, D Luis Muscolo, Federico Milano Ing, German L Farfalli
BACKGROUND: Preservation of limb function after resection of malignant bone tumors in skeletally immature children is challenging. Resection of bone sarcomas and reconstruction with an allograft in patients younger than 10 years old is one reconstructive alternative. However, long-term studies analyzing late complications and limb length discrepancy at skeletal maturity are scarce; this information would be important, because growth potential is altered in these patients owing to the loss of one physis during tumor resection...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Laura J Schmertmann, Kathryn Stalder, Donald Hudson, Patricia Martin, Mariano Makara, Wieland Meyer, Richard Malik, Mark B Krockenberger
Disseminated cryptococcosis caused by Cryptococcus gattii (molecular type VGI) was diagnosed in an adult free-ranging female koala (Phascolarctos cinereus). Subclinical cryptococcosis was later diagnosed in this koala's joey. In the adult koala, a pathological fracture of the tibia was associated with the bone lysis of marked focal cryptococcal osteomyelitis. Limb-sparing orthopedic intervention, in the setting of disseminated cryptococcosis, was judged to have a poor prognosis, and the adult koala was euthanized...
February 24, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Shyam Kumar, Ulhas Sonar, Iqbal Singh
The incidence of fragility fractures of the humerus is increasing worldwide. Although clinicians are aware of fractures of hips and wrists, fractures of the shoulder and elbow do not receive much attention. A considerable proportion of the elderly population (estimated at 10-24%) is dependent on walking aids. A well-functioning and pain-free shoulder and elbow is essential for use of these aids. The impact of loss of mobility in the elderly is well known, hence the overall impact of these fractures on the individual can be considerable...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
J Juanos Cabanas, H Jennart, G Leclercq, D Zorman
Acromioclavicular dislocation is a frequent pathology commonly encountered in traumatology. Therefore, its management is generally standardized, guided by clinical and radiological evaluation. This can range from conservative treatment by limb immobilization and functional rehabilitation, to surgical treatment by using minimally invasive techniques. We present the particular case of a 74-year-old patient with an acromioclavicular dislocation associated with a non-displaced fracture of the coracoid process as well as of the spine of the scapula...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Jo Anne Au Yong, Daniel D Lewis, Scott B Citino, Mark W Cunningham, Alan R Cross, James P Farese, Luisito S Pablo
The clinical outcomes of six free-ranging Florida panthers ( Puma concolor coryi) that underwent surgical stabilization of appendicular long-bone fractures (three femoral fractures, one tibial and one tibial and fibular fracture and two radial and ulnar fractures) were evaluated. These panthers presented to the University of Florida from 2000-2014. Estimated age of the panthers ranged from 0.5 to 4.5 yr, and weights ranged from 22 to 65 kg. Causes of injuries were vehicular collision ( n = 4) and capture related ( n = 2)...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Victoria C Ewan, William D K Reid, Mark Shirley, A John Simpson, Steven P Rushton, William G Wade
Respiratory tract infections are the commonest nosocomial infections, and occur predominantly in frailer, older patients with multiple comorbidities. The oropharyngeal microbiota is the major reservoir of infection. This study explored the relative contributions of time in hospital and patient demographics to the community structure of the oropharyngeal microbiota in older patients with lower limb fracture. We collected 167 throat swabs from 53 patients (mean age 83) over 14 days after hospitalization, and analyzed these using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Andrew Chia Chen Chou, Ho Yin Kevin Wong, Sumanth Kumar, Arjandas Mahadev
BACKGROUND: Distal humerus physeal separations are rare pediatric elbow fractures that are often misdiagnosed and difficult to treat. Adequate reduction is often technically challenging and up to 71% of children develop postoperative cubitus varus. We propose using the medial and lateral humeral lines as an adjunct to elbow arthrography in order to guide intraoperative fixation of distal humerus physeal separations to reduce the incidence of postoperative cubitus varus. METHODS: From 2009 to 2014, all pediatric patients under the age of 3 diagnosed with a distal humerus physeal separation and treated surgically at our institution were included for analysis...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ina Djonlagic, Daniel Aeschbach, Stephanie Litwack Harrison, Dennis Dean, Kristine Yaffe, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Katie Stone, Susan Redline
The pathophysiological processes of Alzheimer's dementia predate its clinical manifestation. Sleep disturbances can accelerate the aging process and are common features of dementia. This study examined whether quantitative sleep electroencephalogram changes predate the clinical development of mild cognitive impairment and/or incident dementia. We collected data from a nested case-control sample of women (mean age 83 years) from the Sleep and Cognition Study, an ancillary study to the longitudinal Study of Osteoporotic Fractures, who were characterized as cognitively normal at the time of a baseline polysomnography study (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures visit 8) based on a Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE) score >24...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Saravanan Esakki, Joy C MacDermid, Joshua I Vincent, Tara L Packham, David Walton, Ruby Grewal
Background: The Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) was developed as a wrist joint specific measure of pain and disability and evidence of sound validity has been accumulated through classical psychometric methods. Rasch analysis (RA) has been endorsed as a newer method for analyzing the clinical measurement properties of self-report outcome measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the PRWE using Rasch modeling. Methods: We employed the Rasch model to assess overall fit, response scaling, individual item fit, differential item functioning (DIF), local dependency, unidimensionality and person separation index (PSI)...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
Asit Kumar Sikary, Mahesh Kumar, Shivani Dhaka, Arulselvi Subramanian
Ilizarov process is used for the management of multiple fractures, polytrauma conditions, cosmetic limb lengthening, and fracture malunion. Complications associated with the process are nerve palsy, joint contracture, premature or delayed osseous consolidation, a nonunion and permanent stiffness of the joint, pin tract infection, edema, and transient paresthesia, etc. In our case, there was a fatal complication. A 25-year-old African lady underwent the Ilizarov procedure for femur lengthening in a hospital in New Delhi, India...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Łukasz Szelerski, Radosław Górski, Sławomir Żarek, Karol Mochocki, Paweł Małdyk
BACKGROUND: Distal femoral fractures constitute a type of lower limb injuries that is rare and difficult to treat. Despite advances in surgical technique and development of implants used for internal fixation of fracture fragments, the treatment continues to result in numerous complications. The Ilizarov External Fixator reduces the risk of complications and allows for bone union. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six men with distal femoral fractures resulting from multisite and multiorgan injuries were treated at the Department of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Traumatology of the Medical Uni-versity of Warsaw between 2008 and 2016...
December 30, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Luna S Vieira, Ana Paula Gomes, Isabel O Bierhals, Simone Farías-Antúnez, Camila G Ribeiro, Vanessa I A Miranda, Bárbara H Lutz, Thiago G Barbosa-Silva, Natália P Lima, Andréa D Bertoldi, Elaine Tomasi
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the prevalence and the factors associated with the occurrence of falls among older adults. METHODS A cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 1,451 elderly residents in the urban area of Pelotas, RS, in 2014. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed and the prevalence of falls in the last year was presented. The analysis of demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and health factors associated with the outcome was performed using Poisson regression with adjustment for robust variance according to the hierarchical model...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
Sabine A Egeler, Tim de Jong, Antonius J M Luijsterburg, Marc A M Mureau
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of severe lower extremity injuries using free flaps has become a reliable approach. Knowledge of long-term surgical outcomes, limb function, and quality of life is limited. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-nine patients undergoing a free flap reconstruction of an open lower extremity fracture between 1993 and 2014 were divided into three groups and studied, as follows: group 1, early free flap reconstruction within 6 weeks; group 2, delayed reconstruction after 6 weeks; and group 3, delayed reconstruction with osteomyelitis...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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