keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Limb fractures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334691/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-fracture-risk
#1
REVIEW
Q Zhang, Y Chen, J Li, D Chen, Z Cheng, S Xu, Y Huang, Q Wang
Bariatric surgery effectively treats morbid obesity. However, the negative effect of this surgery on the bone is concerning. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the fracture risk associated with bariatric surgery in morbidly obese subjects. Relevant studies published from database inception to September 2017 were identified in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to evaluate the quality of the observational studies, and the Jadad score evaluated randomized controlled trials...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330991/diaphyseal-nutrient-foramina-in-dried-human-adult-long-bones-of-lower-limb-in-pakistan
#2
Ejaz Afzal, Fatima Sherin, Omair Khan, Noaman Hussain Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: osteogenesis needs circulation of blood in the bones. Bone growth, repair of fracture, maintenance of bone vitality and other injures also need blood circulation in proper way. Blood is allowed to flow via holes in the diaphysis, which are called as nutrient foramina. METHODS: The crosssectional study was done in the department of Anatomy, Ayub and Khyber Medical College (Osteology Sections). The aim was to observe diaphyseal nutrient foramina in the human long bones of the lower limb...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326772/posterior-elbow-dislocation-with-brachial-artery-thrombosis-treated-non-surgically-a-case-report
#3
S M Lim, G G Chua, F Asrul, M Yazid
The brachial artery is rarely injured in closed posterior dislocation of the elbow, unlike the high rate of vascular injury seen after dislocation of the knee. Despite the anatomical proximity of the brachial artery to the elbow joint, most cases of brachial artery injury after dislocation of the elbow are related to an associated fracture, an open injury or high-energy trauma. A high index of suspicion should be maintained as well as a thorough neurovascular examination with regards this potentially disastrous complication...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324321/injuries-sustained-in-falling-fatalities-in-relation-to-different-distances-of-falls
#4
Hasan Abder-Rahman, Mohanad S O Jaber, Shrouq S Al-Sabaileh
BACKGROUND: Falling from a distance is an important issue worldwide, which happens in different ages, genders and circumstances. It is usually not considered a medicolegal case in many countries hence no autopsy is performed. This study focused on analyzing injuries sustained in victims of falling in relation to different distances of fall. METHODS: Retrospective study of 352 autopsy reports of falling victims brought to the forensic pathology department at Jordan University Hospital during the period from January 1990 to March 2016...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322892/could-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-deployed-in-austere-setting-perform-flaps-on-the-leg
#5
O Barbier, D Ollat, P Pasquier, S Rigal, G Versier
The orthopaedic military surgeons deployed in operations are led to perform soft tissue coverage on the lower limb. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if flaps performed by surgeons' non-specialist in reconstructive surgery are associated with good outcome. All patients operated for a flap on the leg in French Forward Surgical Team deployed in theatre of operations between 2003 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Forty-nine patients were included, for a total of 54 flaps' procedures. Indications were open fractures in 25 cases and osseous infections in 29 cases...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318344/severe-casualties-from-bastille-day-attack-in-nice-france
#6
Federico Solla, Joseph Carboni, Arnaud Fernandez, Audrey Dupont, Nathalie Chivoret, Gilles Brézac, Virginie Rampal, Jean Bréaud
PURPOSE: To describe the most severe casualties from the July 14th, 2016 terror attack in Nice that were treated at the Lenval University Children's Hospital (LUCH) of Nice (France). METHODS: Retrospective study about casualties treated at LUCH from Bastille Day Attack with injuries resulting in the need for surgery, resuscitation, or death. The type of lesions and surgery, duration of hospitalizations, complications, psychological status, and outcome at discharge were collected...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310444/safety-of-galcanezumab-in-patients-with-episodic-migraine-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-dose-ranging-phase-2b-study
#7
Tina Marie Myers Oakes, Vladimir Skljarevsuki, Qi Zhang, William Kielbasa, Michael E Hodsdon, Holland C Detke, Angelo Camporeale, Joel R Saper
Background Safety findings from a Phase 2b study of galcanezumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against calcitonin gene-related peptide, for prevention of migraine (NCT02163993) are reported here. Methods Patients aged 18-65 years with episodic migraine were evaluated in this multicenter, double-blind, randomized study. After randomization, 410 patients were administered 5, 50, 120 or 300 mg of galcanezumab or placebo subcutaneously once every 4 weeks for 12 weeks, followed by a post-treatment off-drug period lasting 12 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310353/complex-pelvic-ring-injuries-associated-with-floating-knee-in-a-poly-trauma-patient-a-case-report
#8
Yuebin Zhou, Honggang Guo, Zhiwei Cai, Yuan Zhang
RATIONALE: Complex pelvic ring fracture associated with floating knee is comparatively rare which usually results from high-energy trauma including vehicle-related accidence, falls from height, and earthquake-related injury. To our knowledge, few literatures have documented such injuries in the individual patient. Management of both injuries present challenges for surgical management and postoperative care. The purpose of this study is to prove the feasibility and benefits of damage control orthopedics (DCO)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305097/the-inter-teres-approach-to-glenoid-neck-fractures-an-alternative-approach-to-glenoid-fixation
#9
Carl W Jones, Vinu M George, Thin F Hong
BACKGROUND: Scapula fractures are rare injuries that are generally treated nonoperatively. When surgery is performed, it is commonly undertaken through the posterior approach, which can be invasive and unforgiving on the soft tissues. We describe an alternative safe approach between teres major and minor that remains deep to a fascial sling formed by the combined infraspinatus and teres minor fasciae and deep to the primary nerve to teres minor, which is a terminal branch of the axillary nerve...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304820/degloving-injuries-with-versus-without-underlying-fracture-in-a-sub-saharan-african-tertiary-hospital-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Hervé Monka Lekuya, Rose Alenyo, Isaac Kajja, Alexander Bangirana, Ronald Mbiine, Ater Ngoth Deng, Moses Galukande
BACKGROUND: Degloving injuries are surgical conditions in which an extensive portion of skin and subcutaneous tissue is detached from the underlying fasciae, muscles, or bone surface. Frequently, there is an association of fracture underlying the degloved area. We aimed to compare the short-term outcomes of degloving injuries with and without underlying fracture. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. We recruited patients with degloving injuries, and followed them up for 30 days to assess the outcomes...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297838/repair-of-a-femoral-fracture-in-a-congo-african-grey-parrot-psittacus-erithacus-erithacus-with-a-paracortical-clamp-cerclage-technique
#11
Pavel Slunsky, Lesley Halter, Svenja Florczak, Alexander Haake, Leo Brunnberg, Kerstin Müller
A 1-yr-old female Congo African grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus erithacus) was admitted with a lameness of the right pelvic limb. On the radiographs a closed, caudolaterally displaced, comminuted, diaphyseal fracture of the femur was diagnosed. Surgery under general anesthesia was performed in order to repair the fracture with a paracortical-clamp-cerclage technique. This straightforward and effective technique has been developed as a low-cost treatment for simple and comminuted diaphyseal fractures in dogs and cats...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#12
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290601/the-initial-report-on-1-year-outcomes-of-the-feasibility-study-of-the-veniti-vici-venous-stent-in-symptomatic-iliofemoral-venous-obstruction
#13
Mahmood Razavi, William Marston, Stephen Black, Dana Bentley, Peter Neglén
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a dedicated venous stent (the VICI VENOUS STENT; VENITI, Fremont, Calif) for treatment of symptomatic iliofemoral venous outflow obstruction. METHODS: Thirty patients (24 female; median age, 43 years) were enrolled in the feasibility phase of an international, multicenter investigational device exemption trial from June 2014 to February 2015. All patients exhibited unilateral venous disease with ≥50% stenosis in the iliofemoral veins...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259067/retrospective-evaluation-of-140-dogs-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents
#14
Sigal Klainbart, Uri Bibring, Dalia Strich, Orit Chai, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Itamar Aroch, Efrat Kelmer
This study has retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 140 dogs sustaining road traffic accident (RTA), and has examined the population characteristics, medical history, injury type, physical examination, emergency laboratory tests and radiography findings, the animal trauma triage (ATT) score, the length of hospitalisation, the complications and the outcome. The survival rate was 83.2 per cent. Younger dogs sustained more frequently lung contusions and limb fractures, while larger dogs more frequently suffered limb fractures, and smaller dogs and older ones sustained more frequently pelvic fractures and sacroiliac luxation (P<0...
December 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246480/treatment-of-infected-non-unions-of-the-femur-and-tibia-in-a-french-referral-center-for-complex-bone-and-joint-infections-outcomes-of-55-patients-after-2-to-11-years
#15
T Bauer, S Klouche, O Grimaud, A Lortat-Jacob, P Hardy
INTRODUCTION: An infected nonunion is a major complication following bone fracture. While bone union can be obtained in 70% to 100% of cases, treatment of osteomyelitis is less predictable, with reported healing rates ranging from 40% to 100%. The primary aim of this study was to assess the success rate of treating infected non-unions of the tibia and femur by a team specializing in complex bone and joint infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all patients operated between 2002 and 2012 due to an infected nonunion of the femur or tibia using standardized surgical methods...
December 12, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245098/pit-bull-attack-causing-limb-threatening-vascular-trauma-a-case-series
#16
Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Christi Ramsingh, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal human dog bites are commonplace amongst animal attacks on human beings and these present with mainly skin and soft tissue injuries. However, they can also present with life threatening head and neck injuries, massive soft tissue trauma, as well as combined orthopedic and vascular extremity injuries where a high possibility of limb loss exists. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We present two adult dog bite victims with multiple bites inflicted by large canines identified as Pit-Bull Terriers...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244969/treatment-of-open-upper-limb-injuries-with-infection-prevention-and-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-a-systematic-review
#17
E Ali, M Raghuvanshi
OBJECTIVE: Open upper limb injuries requiring soft reconstruction can pose a dilemma for trauma surgeons when considering the treatment options. The British Orthopaedic Association and British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons Standard for Trauma (BOAST) have addressed the management of severe open lower limb fractures with the creation of the BOAST 4 guidelines. However, no such gold standard exists for the treatment of open injuries of the upper limb. Furthermore, treatment of these injuries is often more difficult and requires complicated strategies...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244658/a-distally-based-sartorius-muscle-flap-for-a-gustilo-grade-iii-open-fracture-of-the-lateral-femoral-condyle-and-the-head-of-the-fibula-with-a-complex-soft-tissue-defect-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Victoire Bouveau, Damien Potage, Arnaud Dubory, Romain Chevallier, Jean-Paul Meningaud, Jérémy Niddam, Charles-Henri Flouzat-Lachaniette
CASE: We present a case of lower-limb trauma associated with an extensive soft-tissue defect around the knee joint, which led to the exposure of bone and the metalwork that was used for the management of the associated fractures. Coverage was performed with a distally based sartorius muscle flap in a single-stage procedure, allowing good recovery with a nice aesthetic and functional outcome at the 1-year follow-up. Additionally, we discuss alternative options for the coverage of severe soft-tissue defects based on the clinical context...
December 13, 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243234/equine-gestational-length-and-location-is-there-more-that-the-research-could-be-telling-us
#19
REVIEW
J Clothier, G Hinch, W Brown, A Small
Clear definitions of 'normal' equine gestation length (GL) are elusive, with GL being subject to a considerable number of internal and external variables that have confounded interpretation and estimation of GL for over 50 years. Consequently, the mean GL of 340 days first established by Rossdale in 1967 for Thoroughbred horses in northern Europe continues to be the benchmark value referenced by veterinarians, breeders and researchers worldwide. Application of a 95% confidence limit to reported GL range values indicates a possible connection between geographic location and GL...
December 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243059/standardised-pre-operative-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-reduce-wound-complications-in-geriatric-ankle-fractures
#20
René Aigner, Philipp Lechler, Christoph Kolja Boese, Benjamin Bockmann, Steffen Ruchholtz, Michael Frink
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a standardised algorithm to assess and treat impaired limb perfusion prior to surgical fixation of geriatric ankle fractures and determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in geriatric patients presenting with ankle fractures. METHODS: Eighty-four patients >65 years pre-operatively diagnosed and treated according to an algorithm (study group) were compared with 84 patients diagnosed and treated before the algorithm was introduced (control group)...
December 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
keyword
keyword
91927
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"