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Cardiac adult and paediatric

Michael H Andreae, Arthur Atchabahian, Aileen M McCrillis, Jerry Y Chao, Suzuko Suzuki, Shlomo Shinnar, Charles B Hall, Richard B Lipton
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of regional versus general anaesthesia on cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and in paediatric patients.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Denise C Joffe, Thomas K Jones, Mark Reisman, Elizabeth Perpetua, Yuk Law, Andreas Schuler, G Burkhard Mackensen
We present the primary report of a paediatric patient who had placement of the MitraClip device for severe functional mitral regurgitation. The patient was a 14-year-old boy with symptomatic end-stage non-compaction type cardiomyopathy secondary to a mitochondrial cytopathy. He had severe mitral regurgitation, tricuspid valve regurgitation, a severely dilated LV with apical non-compaction, severe LV dysfunction and severe pulmonary hypertension. Despite optimal medical therapy he developed progressive symptoms of congestive heart failure and he was not a candidate for an assist device or cardiac transplantation...
October 10, 2016: EuroIntervention
M Khalid-Raja, K Tzifa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the activity of paediatric otolaryngology services required for children with Down's syndrome in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A review of the paediatric otolaryngology input for children with Down's syndrome was performed; data were obtained from the coding department for a two-year period and compared with other surgical specialties. RESULTS: Between June 2011 and May 2013, 106 otolaryngology procedures were performed on children with Down's syndrome...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Christopher W Baird, Patrick O Myers, Breanna Piekarski, Michele Borisuk, Amara Majeed, Sitaram M Emani, Stephen P Sanders, Meena Nathan, Pedro J Del Nido
OBJECTIVES: Dye-mediated photo-oxidation of pericardium is an alternative method to chemical treatment with glutaraldehyde for cross-linking collagen, providing biostability of the patch material while avoiding late calcification and cytotoxicity. There are few data available, on using photo-oxidation-treated pericardium, in congenital cardiac surgery. This study reports the outcomes using Photofix™ bovine pericardium in neonates, infants, children and young adults undergoing paediatric cardiac surgery...
September 27, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
A M M Strijbosch, R Zwart, N A Blom, B J Bouma, M Groenink, S M Boekholdt, R de Winter, B J M Mulder, A P Backx
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with congenital heart disease transition from a paediatric to an adult setting. This is associated with loss-to-follow-up and suboptimal care. Increasing numbers of patients justify a special program. In this study we evaluated the cooperative program between paediatric and adult cardiology departments in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with congenital heart disease with at least one appointment scheduled at the transition program between January 2010 and January 2015 were included...
November 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Kathleen Jr Daly, Luigi Camporota, Nicholas A Barrett
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen an increase in the number of centres able to provide venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) internationally across different health care systems. To support this growth, a variety of staffing arrangements have been adopted depending on local need and availability of resources, both in terms of manpower and finances to safely meet the complex needs of the patient and circuit management. AIM: The aim of the survey was to describe current staffing arrangements of care provision for adult patients on VV-ECMO, with a focus on understanding the professional roles and responsibilities of staff managing the circuit in order to inform further discussion around different approaches to staffing...
September 21, 2016: Nursing in Critical Care
L M Silva, I M Kuipers, F van den Heuvel, R Mendes, R M F Berger, I M van Beynum, L Rozendaal, L A J Rammeloo, G G van Iperen, M Schokking, S Frerich, N A Blom, J M P J Breur, W A Helbing
OBJECTIVE: Studies in children with heart disease have been hampered by a lack of easily identifiable patient groups. Currently, there are few prospective population-based registries covering the entire spectrum of heart disease in children. KinCor is a Dutch national registry for children with heart diseases. This paper presents the aims, design and interim results of the KinCor project. METHODS: All children presenting at a Dutch university medical centre with a diagnosis of heart disease from 2012 onwards were eligible for registration in the KinCor database...
November 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Daniel K L Cheuk, Elske Sieswerda, Elvira C van Dalen, Aleida Postma, Leontien C M Kremer
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines are frequently used chemotherapeutic agents for childhood cancer that can cause cardiotoxicity during and after treatment. Although several medical interventions in adults with symptomatic or asymptomatic cardiac dysfunction due to other causes are beneficial, it is not known if the same treatments are effective for childhood cancer patients and survivors with anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. This review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luis Gustavo Vilá Mollinedo, Andrés Jaime Uribe, José Luis Aceves Chimal, Roberto Pablo Martínez-Rubio, Karen Patricia Hernández-Romero
Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, or ALCAPA syndrome, is a rare congenital cardiac disease that can cause myocardial infarction, heart failure and even death in paediatric patients. Only few untreated patients survive until adult age. Here we present the case of a 33-year-old female patient with paroxysmal tachycardia, syncope and mild exertional dyspnoea. She was diagnosed with ALCAPA syndrome and underwent surgical correction with an alternative technique of left main coronary artery extension to the aorta...
2016: F1000Research
Natrujee Wiwattanadittakul, Kamornwan Katanyuwong, Chumpon Jetjumnong, Rekwan Sittiwangkul, Krit Makonkawkeyoon
Insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a common neurosurgical procedure in both adult and paediatric patients. It is one of the most important treatments in cases of hydrocephalus; however, there is a wide range of complications: the most common complication being a shunt infection, and examples of rare complications are shunt migrations and cardiac tamponade. Several reports of distal ventriculoperitoneal shunt migration in different sites, including chest, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, bowel and scrotum were published...
October 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Nickhill Bhakta, Qi Liu, Frederick Yeo, Malek Baassiri, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Deo K Srivastava, Monika L Metzger, Matthew J Krasin, Kirsten K Ness, Melissa M Hudson, Yutaka Yasui, Leslie L Robison
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of cardiovascular morbidity in paediatric, adolescent, and young adult survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma is not known. Using medically ascertained data, we applied the cumulative burden metric to compare chronic cardiovascular health conditions in survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma and general population controls. METHODS: For this study, participant data were obtained from two ongoing cohort studies at St Jude Children's Research Hospital: the St Jude Lifetime Cohort Study (SJLIFE) and the St Jude Long-term Follow-up Study (SJLTFU)...
September 2016: Lancet Oncology
Matthew Cauldwell, Roshni Patel, Philip Steer, Michael Gatzoulis
Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD) complicating pregnancy remains a relatively new and evolving field. An acceptance by paediatric cardiologists of the importance of working alongside their colleagues dealing with adult care as their patients get older is vital to ensure that these patients are provided with seamless continuity of care. One might have expected that as ACHD cardiologists increasingly forge ties with obstetricians who manage high risk pregnancy so that together they provide care for their mutual patients, we would see the mortality and morbidity of pregnancy in women with heart disease decline...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
D Laino, G Vitaliti, P Parisi, P Pavone, A Verrotti, R Lubrano, N Matin, R Falsaperla
Headache can represent different disorders with different etiologies; including cardiac, cerebral, vascular, psychiatric, metabolic, neurologic diseases. Recent studies have highlighted that obesity is significantly associated with headache and disability in adults. This rule also applies to children. This review focuses on literature data studying any eventual relationship between headache, migraine and obesity [shown in Body Mass Index (BMI)] in children. Research data have highlighted that there is a relationship between headache physiopathology and central and peripheral mechanisms responsible for food assumption...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Marta Penna, Brendan Moran, Sarah Crane, Roel Hompes, Christopher Cunningham
Publication of surgical activity and mortality was first introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2004 for adult cardiac surgery. The Kennedy Inquiry into paediatric cardiac deaths at the Bristol Royal Infirmary [1] motivated this initiative. The Freedom of Information Act in 2005 and the Francis Report [2] which appeared in 2012 led to the NHS Commissioning Board's document "Everybody Counts" [3]. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 25, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Jamie N Colombo, Ricardo A Samson, Santiago O Valdes, Omar Meziab, David Sisk, Scott E Klewer
Sudden cardiac arrest is a rare but devastating cause of death in young adults. Electrocardiograms may detect many causes of sudden cardiac arrest, but are not routinely included in pre-athletic screening in the United States of America partly because of high rates of false-positive interpretation. To improve electrocardiogram specificity for identifying cardiac conditions associated with sudden cardiac arrest, an expert panel developed refined criteria known as the Seattle Criteria. Ours is the first study to compare standard electrocardiogram criteria with Seattle Criteria in 11- to 13-year-olds...
June 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Ana L Neves, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José C Areias
The aim of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of cardiac injury biomarkers in paediatric age. In December 2015, a literature search was performed (PubMed access to MEDLINE citations; ). The search strategy included the following medical subject headings and text terms for the key words: "cardiac injury biomarkers", "creatine kinase-MB", "myoglobin", "troponin", "children", "neonate/s", "newborn/s", "infant/s" and echocardiography. In the paediatric population, troponins show a good correlation with the extent of myocardial damage following cardiac surgery and cardiotoxic medication and can be used as predictors of subsequent cardiac recovery and mortality...
June 2, 2016: Heart Failure Reviews
Alexandra Meurgey, Roland Henaine, Patrice Bouvagnet, Lara Chalabreysse
Primary cardiac tumors are extremely rare and mainly benign. The majority of these are myxomas (40%). Myxoma are generally sporadic tumors which occur most commonly in adult females between 30 and 40 years, and are seldom found in the paediatric population (5%). Seven percent are associated with igenetic diseases. We report the case of an eight-year-old boy presenting a recurrent glandular cardiac myxoma. In 2011, he presented a deterioration of the general state. An echocardiography highlighted a left atrial mass on the interatrial septum, with a pedicular insertion...
June 2016: Annales de Pathologie
M Cecilia Gonzalez Corcia, Carlo de Asmundis, Gian-Battista Chierchia, Pedro Brugada
Brugada syndrome is an inherited arrhythmogenic disorder, characterised by coved-type ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads, and is associated with increased risk of sudden death. It is genetically and clinically heterogeneous, presenting typically in the fourth or fifth decade of life. The prevalence of Brugada syndrome in the paediatric population is low compared with the adult population. Interestingly, over the last several years, there has been growing evidence in the literature of onset of the disease during childhood...
August 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Amanda Hauck, Ruixin Guo, D Dunbar Ivy, Adel Younoszai
AIMS: Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is a measure of right ventricular (RV) longitudinal function that correlates with functional status and mortality in adults with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The diagnostic and predictive value of TAPSE in children with PH has not been fully examined. We aimed to define TAPSE across aetiologies of paediatric PH and assess the correlation between TAPSE and measures of disease severity. METHODS AND RESULTS: TAPSE measurements were obtained in 84 children and young adults undergoing treatment for PH and 315 healthy children to establish z-scores at moderate altitude for comparison...
April 20, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Mitchell Cohen, Shubhayan Sanatani, Elizabeth Stephenson, Jon Skinner, Fabrizio Drago, Andrew Davis, Jan Janousek, Eric Rosenthal, Kathryn K Collins, John Triedman
The Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society (PACES) is a non-profit organisation comprised of individuals dedicated to improving the care of children and young adults with cardiac rhythm disturbances. Although PACES is a predominantly North American-centric organisation, international members have been a part of PACES for the last two decades. This year, PACES expanded its North American framework into a broadly expansive international role. On May 12, 2015, paediatric electrophysiology leaders from within the United States of America and Canada met with over 30 international paediatric electrophysiologists from 17 countries and five continents discussing measures to (1) expand PACES' global vision, (2) address ongoing challenges such as limited resource allocation that may be present in developing countries, (3) expand PACES' governance to include international representation, (4) promote joint international sessions at future paediatric EP meetings, and (5) facilitate a global multi-centre research consortium...
May 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
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