keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drug administration pain relief

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280233/operant-self-administration-of-pregabalin-in-a-mouse-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#1
S A Bura, D Cabañero, R Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin is a first-line agent for neuropathic pain treatment whose abuse liability remains controversial. Surprisingly, studies exploring the reinforcing properties of pregabalin in operant mouse models are missing. METHODS: We evaluated the acquisition of operant pregabalin self-administration in mice exposed to a partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) or a sham operation. After surgery, mice were trained in operant boxes to intravenously self-administer pregabalin at 1...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277615/persistent-pain-accelerates-xenograft-tumor-growth-of-breast-cancer-in-rat
#2
Jing Li, Yunheng Sun, Gang Ding, Feng Jiang
Pain occurs at all stages of the patients who suffer from cancer. Owing to surgery and bone metastasis, breast cancer patients were usually disturbed by persistent pain. However, the pain-relief-right has not been respected enough in clinical cancer treatment. Whether pain has any adverse effects on cancer development is still unclear. In order to uncover this question, we established two preclinical animal models to explore the effects of pain on the tumor. For the first model, we mimicked neuropathic pain by sciatic nerve ligation on rats with xenograft tumor subcutaneously...
January 22, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230697/knowing-anticipating-even-facilitating-but-still-not-intending-another-challenge-to-double-effect-reasoning
#3
S Duckett
A recent administrative law decision in Victoria, Australia, applied double effect reasoning in a novel way. Double effect reasoning has hitherto been used to legitimate treatments which may shorten life but where the intent of treatment is pain relief. The situation reviewed by the Victorian tribunal went further, supporting actions where a doctor agrees to provide pentobarbitone (Nembutal) to a patient at some time in the future if the patient feels at that time that his pain is unbearable and he wants to end his life...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228098/association-of-household-opioid-availability-and-prescription-opioid-initiation-among-household-members
#4
Marissa J Seamans, Timothy S Carey, Daniel J Westreich, Stephen R Cole, Stephanie B Wheeler, G Caleb Alexander, Virginia Pate, M Alan Brookhart
Importance: Increases in prescription opioid use in the United States have been attributed to changing prescribing guidelines and attitudes toward pain relief; however, the spread of opioid use within households through drug diversion may also be a contributing factor. Objective: To investigate whether individuals living in a household with a prescription opioid user are more likely to initiate prescription opioids themselves, compared with individuals in households with a prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) user...
December 11, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202646/submucosal-diclofenac-for-acute-postoperative-pain-in-third-molar-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
P Gorecki, K D Rainsford, P Taneja, Y Bulsara, D Pearson, D Saund, B Ahmed, T Dietrich
Diclofenac sodium is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for relief of inflammatory pain. A recent formulation combines this drug with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) to improve its solubility and to enable subcutaneous administration. Previous studies confirmed the efficacy of this combination. This study's aim was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and local tolerability of diclofenac HPβCD administered as a local submucosal injection prior to lower third molar surgery. We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group phase II single-center study...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202562/intrarticular-injections-of-hyaluronic-acid-for-trapezio-metacarpal-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#6
R Papalia, L A Diaz, G Torre, E Albo, A Tecame, S Sterzi, F Bressi, V Denaro
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the base of the thumb, also known as Trapezio-Metacarpal (TM) OA, is a disabling condition, which mainly affects women and manual workers. When TM OA is not adequately treated, patients develop deformity and loss of function of the thumb. The surgical approach is a widespread strategy to treat this condition, but there is still no consensus on the most effective procedure. Therefore, several conservative strategies are commonly used, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) administration, thumb strengthening exercise, splinting, steroid (CS) and hyaluronic acid (HA) intrarticular injections...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199767/oxcarbazepine-for-neuropathic-pain
#7
REVIEW
Muke Zhou, Ning Chen, Li He, Mi Yang, Cairong Zhu, Fengbo Wu
BACKGROUND: Several anticonvulsant drugs are used in the management of neuropathic pain. Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant drug closely related to carbamazepine. Oxcarbazepine has been reported to be efficacious in the treatment of neuropathic pain, but evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is conflicting. Oxcarbazepine is reportedly better tolerated than carbamazepine. This is the first update of a review published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of oxcarbazepine for different types of neuropathic pain...
December 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184825/a-comparative-evaluation-of-diclofenac-sodium-transdermal-patch-oral-diclofenac-sodium-with-intramuscular-injections-of-diclofenac-sodium-in-patients-suffering-from-oral-pain-a-randomized-control-trial
#8
Nallan Csk Chaitanya, P Karunakar, Komali Garlapati, Mounika Yeladandi, Pallavi Bidari, Pratima Soni
Background: Newer drug delivery systems such as transdermal patches using pain relieving or modifying agents emerged as a mainstream treatment protocol for management of pain on the outpatient basis. The administration of diclofenac 100 mg in the transdermal patch in the patients having dental pain due to periapical/periodontal infections was evaluated. Materials and Methods: Ninety patients of either gender, between 18 and 80 years were divided into 3 groups (Group A - oral medication, Group B - transdermal patch, Group C - intramuscular group)...
July 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182798/pharmacological-interventions-for-pain-relief-during-orthodontic-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Aoife B Monk, Jayne E Harrison, Helen V Worthington, Annabel Teague
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. It increases in proportion to the amount of force applied to the teeth, and the type of orthodontic appliance used can affect the intensity of the pain. Pain during orthodontic treatment has been shown to be the most common reason for people wanting to discontinue treatment, and has been ranked as the worst aspect of treatment. Although pharmacological methods of pain relief have been investigated, there remains some uncertainty among orthodontists about which painkillers are most suitable and whether pre-emptive analgesia is beneficial...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174580/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-the-efficacy-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-opioids-and-paracetamol-in-the-treatment-of-acute-renal-colic
#10
REVIEW
Sameer A Pathan, Biswadev Mitra, Peter A Cameron
CONTEXT: Renal colic is a common, acute presentation of urolithiasis that requires immediate pain relief. European Association of Urology guidelines recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as the preferred analgesia. However, the fear of NSAID adverse effects and the uncertainty about superior analgesic effect have maintained the practice of advocating intravenous opioids as the initial analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of NSAIDs with opioids and paracetamol (acetaminophen) for the management of acute renal colic...
November 21, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149144/the-efficacy-of-preoperative-gabapentin-in-spinal-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Chao Han, Ming-Jie Kuang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Pain management after spinal surgery has been studied for years. Gabapentin is a third-generation antiepileptic drug that selectively affects the nociceptive process and has been used for pain relief after surgery. However, the relationship between gabapentin and postoperative pain in spinal surgery is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the pre-emptive use of gabapentin in spinal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127594/morphine-double-faced-roles-in-the-regulation-of-tumor-development
#12
REVIEW
X Y Zhang, Y X Liang, Y Yan, Z Dai, H C Chu
Morphine, a highly potent analgesic, is one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of severe pain associated with cancer. It directly acts on the central nervous system to relieve pain, but also cause secondary complications, such as addiction, respiratory depression and constipation due to its activities on peripheral tissues. Besides pain relief, morphine is of great importance on cancer management with its effect on tumor development being the subject of debate for many years with some contradictory findings...
November 10, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118985/acute-development-of-cushing-syndrome-in-an-hiv-infected-child-on-atazanavir-ritonavir-based-antiretroviral-therapy
#13
Gueorgui Dubrocq, Andrea Estrada, Shannon Kelly, Natella Rakhmanina
An 11-year-old male with perinatally acquired human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection on antiretroviral regimen, which included abacavir plus lamivudine (Epzicom), didanosine, ritonavir and atazanavir presented with bilateral axillary striae, increased appetite, fatigue, facial swelling and acute weight gain. Two months prior to presentation, the patient had received a diagnostic and therapeutic intra-articular triamcinolone injection in the knee for pain relief and subsequently became progressively swollen in the face, developed striae bilaterally at the axillae, experienced increased appetite, fatigue and an 8 pound weight gain...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094098/managing-pain-in-patients-with-cancer-the-chinese-good-pain-management-experience
#14
REVIEW
Shi-Ying Yu, Jie-Jun Wang, Yu-Guang Huang, Bing Hu, Kun Wang, Ping Ping Li, Yi-Long Wu, He-Long Zhang, Li Zhang, Qing-Yuan Zhang, Shu-Kui Qin
Purpose: The number of cancer cases in China has increased rapidly from 2.1 million in 2000 to 4.3 million in 2015. As a consequence, pain management as an integral part of cancer treatment became an important health care issue. In March 2011, the Good Pain Management (GPM) program was launched to standardize the treatment of cancer pain and improve the quality of life for patients with cancer. With this work, we will describe the GPM program, its implementation experience, and highlight key lessons that can improve pain management for patients with cancer...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066036/diagnosis-and-management-of-spinal-infections
#15
Hideki Nagashima, Shinji Tanishima, Atsushi Tanida
The number of spinal infections has been increasing due to aging populations and larger numbers of immunocompromised hosts and intravenous drug users. Magnetic resonance imaging is a useful tool for the early diagnosis of spinal infections, and can yield positive findings just 3-5 days after disease onset. Before antibiotic administration, cultures must be initiated from blood and from specimens collected from the locus of infection. Based on the pathogens identified by culture, appropriate antibiotics should be selected with careful consideration of antimicrobial susceptibility and spinal tissue penetration...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040066/evaluation-of-oral-multi-herbal-preparation-of-dashmoolarishta-on-mice-model-of-osteoarthritis
#16
Yashashri C Shetty, Santosh Godbharle, Smita Brahma, Sweta Salgaonkar, Nirmala N Rege
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic progressive disease commonly affecting the hip and knee joints. Although synthetic drugs are available and afford symptomatic relief, their side effects pose limitations to their continuous use. So, this research was focused on extracting drugs from indigenous medicinal plants that could have a beneficial effect on osteoarthritis. Dashmoolarishta is one such preparation whose effects have never been studied in comparison with recent drugs like hyaluronic acid (HA), hence this particular study was undertaken...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024681/potentiation-of-morphine-induced-antinociception-and-locomotion-by-citalopram-is-accompanied-by-anxiolytic-like-effects
#17
María J Varela, Arlet M Acanda de la Rocha, Alvaro Díaz, Juan F Lopez-Gimenez
Morphine and related opioids are the mainstay of analgesic treatment, especially in patients suffering chronic pain. Besides their antinociceptive effects they may also exhibit anxiolytic-like properties that could contribute to pain relief. The pharmacological manipulation of the serotonergic system may not only modulate pain transmission and processing but also other behavioral effects of opioids. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of the concurrent treatment with citalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, on the antinociceptive, locomotor and anxiety-related effects induced by acute and subchronic administration of morphine in mice...
October 10, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022755/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-multi-center-study-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-adam-zolmitriptan-for-the-acute-treatment-of-migraine
#18
Egilius Lh Spierings, Jan Lewis Brandes, David B Kudrow, James Weintraub, Peter C Schmidt, Donald J Kellerman, Stewart J Tepper
Objective To determine the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of ascending doses of Adhesive Dermally-Applied Microarray (ADAM) zolmitriptan versus placebo for acute migraine treatment. Background ADAM is a novel patient-administered system for intracutaneous drug administration. In a phase 1 pharmacokinetic study, zolmitriptan administered using ADAM had much faster absorption than oral administration with higher exposure in the first two hours. Methods This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group Phase 2b/3 study evaluating ADAM zolmitriptan 1 mg, 1...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021235/oral-analgesics-utilization-for-children-with-musculoskeletal-injury-ouch-trial-an-rct
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sylvie Le May, Samina Ali, Amy C Plint, Benoit Mâsse, Gina Neto, Marie-Christine Auclair, Amy L Drendel, Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Edith Villeneuve, Stefan Parent, Patrick J McGrath, Grégoire Leclair, Serge Gouin
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a common and painful condition among children that remains poorly treated in the emergency department (ED). We aimed to test the efficacy of a combination of an anti-inflammatory drug with an opioid for pain management of MSK-I in children presenting to the ED. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled children between 6 and 17 years presenting to the ED with an MSK-I and a pain score >29 mm on the visual analog scale (VAS)...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983850/topical-administration-of-ibuprofen-for-injured-athletes-considerations-formulations-and-comparison-to-oral-delivery
#20
REVIEW
Martin Anthony Christopher Manoukian, Christopher William Migdal, Amode Ravindra Tembhekar, Jerad Alexander Harris, Charles DeMesa
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of drugs commonly used to treat both the acute and chronic injuries sustained by athletes during training and competition. In many parts of the world, NSAIDs can be purchased over-the-counter and used without any physician oversight. However, the chronic nature of overuse injuries requires NSAIDs to be taken orally for an extended period of time. As a result, they can have significant adverse effects on athletes, namely gastrointestinal (GI), renal, and cardiovascular damage...
October 5, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
keyword
keyword
91924
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"