keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Abdominal pain adult and paediatric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383308/an-unusual-presentation-of-rectal-carcinoma-in-a-child
#1
Charu Tiwari, Ashish Zadpe, Pravin Rathi, Hemanshi Shah
Colorectal carcinoma is a well-known malignancy in adults. However, it is rare in children. Besides, it also has different behaviour in paediatric age-group and usually presents with non-specific symptoms like abdominal pain, weight loss, and anaemia. This usually leads to delay in diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma in children has unfavourable tumour histology (mucinous subtype) and advanced disease stage at presentation which lead to poorer prognosis in children. Family history, genetic typing and sibling screening are essential components of management as this malignancy is frequently seen associated with hereditary syndromes...
January 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240719/pericardial-effusion-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-case-report
#2
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is the most frequent cause of acquired hypothyroidism in paediatrics. HT is usually diagnosed in older children and adolescents, mainly in females and is rare in infants and toddlers with cardiac involvement, including pericardial effusion, that can be found in 10% to 30% of adult HT cases. In this paper, a child with HT and pericardial effusion as the most important sign of HT is described. Case presentation: A four-year-old male child suffering for a few months from recurrent abdominal pain sometimes associated with vomiting underwent an abdominal ultrasound scan outside the hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200670/clinico-radiological-and-pathological-characteristics-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#3
Mohamad Hussain Mir, Waseem Dar, Sheikh Aejaz Aziz, Gul Mohamad, Burhan Wani
Purpose: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are rare, benign lesions most often seen in the lung of young adults but can occur in children, in various sites. They mimic, clinically and radiologically, malignant tumors - especially sarcomas and lymphomas. The aim was to review the clinical, radiological, and pathological data of children with a diagnosis of IMT referred to our department. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Medical and Paediatric Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India from January 2014 to December 2015...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105908/the-research-gap-in-chronic-paediatric-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
R Boulkedid, A Y Abdou, E Desselas, M Manégat, T G de Leeuw, J Avez-Couturier, S Dugue, C Mareau, B Charron, C Alberti, F Kaguelidou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is associated with significant functional and social impairment. The objective of this review was to assess the characteristics and quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating pain management interventions in children and adolescents with chronic pain. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to July 2017. We included RCTs that involved children and adolescents (3 months-18 years) and evaluated the use of pharmacological or non-pharmacological intervention(s) in the context of pain persisting or re-occurring for more than 3 months...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054935/familial-history-aggregation-on-acute-appendicitis
#5
Francesc Simó Alari, Israel Gutierrez, Judit Gimenéz Pérez
Appendectomy is the most commonly performed surgical procedure, affecting 1%-8% of the paediatric population, with a total 7% lifetime risk, most likely in adolescents and young adults.A case of familial aggregation was reported in our hospital in a family composed of nine siblings from which six of them (66.6%) had been treated of acute appendicitis, five of them in our centre.Many factors have been described as predisposing to appendicitis. Several studies have highlighted the influence of genes in the evolution of this disease and its severity, demonstrating a relative risk increase by three when family history is present...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969145/wilms-tumour-in-an-adult-a-case-report-of-an-unusual-lesion
#6
Goutam Bera, Zeenat Ara, Moumita Sengupta, Uttara Chatterjee, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay
Wilms' tumour, a renal malignancy, primarily occurs in children with a peak incidence between 2 to 5 years age group and accounts for approximately 95% of childhood renal malignancies. Though rarely, it may also occur in adults with an incidence rate of less than 0.2 per million per year. Microscopically, there is no difference between Wilms' tumour of paediatric and adult age groups. But the prognosis for adults with Wilms' tumour is thought to be worse than that for children possibly due to more aggressive clinical course in case of adult Wilms' tumour...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770976/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
REVIEW
Christopher Eccleston, Tess E Cooper, Emma Fisher, Brian Anderson, Nick Mr Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as important...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770975/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Emma Fisher, Brian Anderson, Nick Mr Wilkinson, David G Williams, Christopher Eccleston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as important...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764244/a-rare-case-of-intestinal-malrotation-and-volvulus-of-jejunum-with-coexisting-carcinoid-tumour-of-appendix
#9
Priyanka Tiwari, Darshan Patel, Vimal Dhaduk, Prasanna Kumar Reddy, Jainudeen Khalander Abdul Jameel
Malrotation of the midgut is generally regarded as a paediatric pathology. It is rare in adults. Patients may present with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction or chronic abdominal pain. Barium study, Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), diagnostic laparoscopy and sometimes explorative laparotomy are used for diagnosis. Ladd's procedure through the open approach has been the treatment of choice for complete malrotation of midgut, however there are reports on successful outcome for both complete and incomplete malrotation after laparoscopic approach as well...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745394/opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Emma Fisher, Andrew L Gray, Elliot Krane, Navil Sethna, Miranda Al van Tilburg, Boris Zernikow, Philip J Wiffen
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as importantWe designed a suite of seven reviews on chronic non-cancer pain and cancer pain (looking at antidepressants, antiepileptic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and paracetamol as priority areas) in order to review the evidence for children's pain utilising pharmacological interventions in children and adolescents...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567107/a-case-of-adult-intussusception-with-greyscale-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-computerised-tomography-correlation
#11
Vasileios Rafailidis, Claudette Phillips, Gibran Yusuf, Paul Sidhu
Intussusception is often misdiagnosed as a cause of bowel ischemia and obstruction among adults due to its relatively rare presentation outside of the paediatric population. Ultrasound is often the first-line investigation for non-specific abdominal pain and can identify the presence of intussusception. In the adult population, it is essential to evaluate for causes and consequences of intussusception; as a result, computerised tomography is often deemed necessary. However, contrast-enhanced ultrasound allows for evaluation of potential causes and complications, including a neoplastic lead point and ischaemia of the bowel, whilst avoiding ionising radiation or nephrotoxic iodinated contrast...
May 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276643/single-incision-versus-conventional-three-incision-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Lihui Deng, Junjie Xiong, Qing Xia
BACKGROUND: Conventional three-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (CTLA) is considered the new golden standard for the treatment of acute appendicitis. However, single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA) can further reduce the number of abdominal incisions and visible scars. METHODS: Major databases were researched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing SILA and CTLA for acute appendicitis from January 1983 and to March 2015. The technical feasibility, effectiveness, and safety between SILA and CTLA were compared...
August 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209107/gastro-intestinal-manifestations-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#13
REVIEW
S Van Biervliet, C de Clercq, D Declercq, E Van Braeckel, S Van Daele, F De Baets, D De Looze
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-limiting disorder caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). This defective chloride channel, present in different organ systems such as respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive system and sweat glands, disturbs the ion and water transport over the membranes leading to the well known CF symptoms. CF has outgrown paediatric care, as half of CF patients are currently adults. The CF gastrointestinal tract has its own particularities...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049368/a-wandering-folded-liver-displaced-by-the-distended-bowel-a-new-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#14
Mohamed A Rabie, Charles Godavitarne
INTRODUCTION: The wandering liver is an extremely rare condition in which the liver moves significantly or 'wander' with changes in patient's lie. This is believed to be an acquired condition perhaps precipitated by persistent congenital ventral mesogastrium which acts as an axis or a mesentery for the liver to rotate. The vast majority of reported cases were associated with other chronic abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, especially sigmoid volvulus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a case report of an acquired isolated transposition of the liver with a review of the English-language literature of wandering liver in adults and paediatric age group...
January 3, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809913/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-omnitrope%C3%A2-a-somatropin-biosimilar-in-children-requiring-growth-hormone-treatment-italian-interim-analysis-of-the-patro-children-study
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lorenzo Iughetti, Gianluca Tornese, Maria Elisabeth Street, Flavia Napoli, Claudia Giavoli, Franco Antoniazzi, Stefano Stagi, Caterina Luongo, Sara Azzolini, Letizia Ragusa, Gianni Bona, Clara Zecchino, Tommaso Aversa, Luca Persani, Laura Guazzarotti, Emiliano Zecchi, Alberto Pietropoli, Stefano Zucchini
BACKGROUND: PATRO Children is an ongoing observational, longitudinal, non-interventional, global post-marketing surveillance study, which is investigating the long-term safety and effectiveness of Omnitrope®, a somatropin biosimilar to Genotropin®, in children with growth disturbances. The primary endpoint of PATRO Children is long-term safety and the secondary endpoint is effectiveness, which is assessed by analysing auxological data such as height (HSDS) and height velocity (HVSDS) standard deviation scores...
November 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791949/demographic-clinical-and-therapeutic-findings-in-a-monocentric-cohort-of-adult-patients-with-suspected-pfapa-syndrome
#16
Antonio Vitale, Ida Orlando, Giuseppe Lopalco, Giacomo Emmi, Marco Cattalini, Bruno Frediani, Mauro Galeazzi, Florenzo Iannone, Donato Rigante, Luca Cantarini
OBJECTIVES: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenopathy (PFAPA) syndrome is a non-Mendelian autoinflammatory disorder until now considered to be specifically limited to paediatric age. Recently, an increasing number of reports seems to suggest that PFAPA syndrome, diagnosed by the Marshall criteria revised by Thomas et al., can also affect adults. METHODS: The Marshall/Thomas criteria have been applied to 989 adult patients presenting for recurrent fever episodes: all patients enrolled were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and therapeutic data...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760282/heated-insufflation-with-or-without-humidification-for-laparoscopic-abdominal-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Daniel W Birch, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Namdar Manouchehri, Xinzhe Shi, Ghassan Hadi, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia during both open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery may be associated with adverse events. For laparoscopic abdominal surgery, the use of heated insufflation systems for establishing pneumoperitoneum has been described to prevent hypothermia. Humidification of the insufflated gas is also possible. Past studies on heated insufflation have shown inconclusive results with regards to maintenance of core temperature and reduction of postoperative pain and recovery times...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909199/renal-tuberculosis-presenting-as-a-mass-lesion-in-a-two-year-old-girl-report-of-a-rare-case
#18
Avradip Santra, Falguni Mandi, Abhishek Bandyopadhyay
Genitourinary tuberculosis usually occurs in young adults and the middle-aged and is very uncommon in the paediatric population. It generally presents with haematuria, pyuria, irritative voiding symptoms and flank pain; presentation as a renal mass is highly unusual. We report a two-year-old girl who was referred to the Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in June 2014 with abdominal pain. Subsequent radiological investigations revealed a left renal hypoechoic mass lesion. A left nephroureterectomy was performed on suspicion of a Wilms' tumour...
February 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664796/torsion-of-fatty-appendage-of-falciform-ligament-acute-abdomen-in-a-child
#19
Caroline Maccallum, Sarah Eaton, Daniel Chubb, Stephen Franzi
Torsion of the fatty appendage of the falciform ligament is an extremely rare condition that leads to severe abdominal pain and raised inflammatory markers. It can be recognised on ultrasound or CT scan. The pathophysiology is the same as that involved in the more common torsion and/or infarction of the greater omentum or epiploic appendages. The condition is best managed conservatively with anti-inflammatory analgesia, and the early recognition of this type of torsion may prevent unnecessary operative intervention to look for a source of abdominal pain...
2015: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313056/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Tracy Jackson, Sarah Thomas, Victoria Stabile, Xue Han, Matthew Shotwell, Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: The global burden of chronic pain and disability could be related to unmet surgical needs. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to characterise existing data regarding the prevalence and associations of chronic pain in low-income and middle-income countries; this is essential to allow better assessment of its relationship to pre-operative and post-operative pain as emergency and essential surgical services are expanded. METHODS: According to PRISMA guidelines, we searched PubMed, PsycInfo, and Cochrane registries for articles published before Dec 31, 2013, using the search terms "pain AND (chronic OR persistent) AND (low income countries OR middle income countries OR LMIC OR Africa OR Asia OR Central America OR South America) AND (incidence OR prevalence)...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
keyword
keyword
91922
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"