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Roger P Dotsey, Elizabeth A S Moser, George J Eckert, Richard L Gregory
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of cola-flavored beverages and caffeine on growth and metabolism of Streptococcus mutans biofilm. This study was designed to determine if carbonated beverages or caffeine can increase S. mutans growth and biofilm formation and metabolic activity in vitro, potentially leading to increased S. mutans-associated cariogenicity in children that consume them. STUDY DESIGN: Six different cola-flavored products, plus pure caffeine, and pure high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), at different concentrations similar to those in the beverages were tested...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Amit U Raysoni, Rodrigo X Armijos, M Margaret Weigel, Patricia Echanique, Marcia Racines, Nicholas E Pingitore, Wen-Whai Li
Elemental characterization of fine particulate matter was undertaken at schools and residences in three low income neighborhoods in Quito, Ecuador. The three zones were located in the northern (Cotocollao), south central (El Camal), and south east (Los Chillos) neighborhoods and were classified as zones 1-3, respectively. Forty elements were quantified via ICP-MS analysis. Amongst the geogenic elements, the concentration of Si was the most abundant followed by S, Al, and Ca. Elements with predominantly anthropogenic sources such as Zn, V, and Ni were higher in zone 3 school followed by zone 2 and zone 1 schools...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Antonio Jiménez-Silva, Julio Tobar-Reyes, Sheilah Vivanco-Coke, Eduardo Pastén-Castro, Hernán Palomino-Montenegro
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between centric relation-intercuspal position discrepancy (CR-ICP discrepancy) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), by systematically reviewing the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic research was performed between 1960 and 2016 based on electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Scopus, EBSCOhost, BIREME, Lilacs and Scielo, including all languages. Analytical observational clinical studies were identified...
June 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Stephanie Schiffer, Karsten Liber
Elevated vanadium (V) concentrations in oil sands coke, which is produced and stored on the site of some major Athabasca Oil Sands companies, could pose a risk to aquatic ecosystems in northern Alberta, Canada, depending on its future storage and utilization. In the present study, V toxicity was determined in reconstituted Athabasca River water to various freshwater organisms, including 2 midge species (Chironomus dilutus and Chironomus riparius; 4-d and 30- to 40-d exposures) and 2 freshwater fish species (Oncorhynchus mykiss and Pimephales promelas; 4-d and 28-d exposures) to facilitate estimation of water quality benchmarks...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Yang Cao, Meirong Lu, Jianhui Fang, Liyi Shi, Dengsong Zhang
Based on the superior chemical and thermal stability of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), we design and synthesize h-BN supported mesoSiO2-confined Ni catalysts with a stable architecture. The as-prepared catalyst exhibits excellent coke- and sintering-resistance performance in the dry reforming of methane, and especially, there is almost no loss of activity even after a 100 h stability test due to the synergistic effects of the h-BN interface and Ni nanoparticles.
June 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Salar Mahboob, Mohammad Haghighi, Farhad Rahmani
The catalytic performance of nanostructured Ni-Co/Al2O3-ZrO2 catalysts, prepared by ultrasound-assisted impregnation method was examined in the dry reforming of methane. The effect of irradiation power and irradiation time have been studied by changing time (0, 20, 80min) and power of the sonication (30, 60, 90W) during the synthesis which resulted in different physiochemical properties of the nanocatalyst. The nanocatalysts were characterized by XRD, FESEM, PSD, EDX, TEM, TPR-H2, BET, FTIR and TG analyses...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Lingen Zhang, Zhenming Xu
Ge-monopnictides (GeAs) plays critical role in high-tech industry, especially in the field of advanced optical devices and infrared. As a secondary material, coal fly ash could be further recycled to retrieve germanium and prepare GeAs material with high added values. Hence, the aim of this paper is to propose a one-pot synthesis that uses vacuum flash reduction and inert-gas consolidation method to prepare GeAs ultrafine particles. Germanium in coal fly ash can be successfully recycled; simultaneously, GeAs ultrafine particles were prepared...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
S Dhivya Kanya, K Pradeep Babu, R Venkatesan, A Nanda Kumar
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyze and compare the variation of lumen size and thickness of the elastomeric colored modules when immersed in four selected dietary media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample size of 40 modules on each color - such as red, blue, green, and black - was taken and immersed in four dietary media (artificial saliva, coke mixed with artificial saliva, turmeric mixed with artificial saliva, and coffee mixed with artificial saliva)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Lintao Qu, Jun Li, Bin Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore MR features and imaging mechanism of intestinal phytobezoar and to deepen the understanding of intestinal phytobezoar. METHODS: Eighteen cases of intestinal phytobezoar (including 15 cases in small intestine and 3 cases in colon) underwent MR examinations. Summing-up and analyzing MR features combinded with intraoperative findings. RESULTS: All 18 cases of intestinal phytobezoar showed irregular shape low signal on T2-weighted image, which was named coke sign in this study...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Xiaole Weng, Pengfei Sun, Yu Long, Qingjie Meng, Zhongbiao Wu
Industrial-use catalysts usually encounter severe deactivation after long-term operation for catalytic oxidation of chlorinate volatile organic compounds (CVOCs), which becomes a "bottleneck" for large-scale application of catalytic combustion technology. In this work, typical acidic solid-supported catalysts of MnxCe1-xO2/HZSM-5 were investigated for the catalytic oxidation of chlorobenzene (CB). The activation energy (Ea), Brønsted and Lewis acidities, CB adsorption and activation behaviors, long-term stabilities, and surficial accumulation compounds (after ageing) were studied using a range of analytical techniques, including XPS, H2-TPR, pyridine-IR, DRIFT, and O2-TP-Ms...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
H J Zhang, H T Zhang, W B Wang, Y F Fan, J Yang
Objective: To explore the influence of smoking and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in coke oven workers and investigate their dose-dependent relationships. Methods: A total of 436 workers exposed to coke oven emissions (COEs) and 132 controls were recruited in this study. Questionnaires were completed in a personal interview. Then their urine samples were also collected and the concentrations of urinary four OH-PAHs and 8-OHdG were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) which was used to evaluate the levels of occupational PAHs internal exposure among workers and the DNA damage...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Joris Goetze, Florian Meirer, Irina Yarulina, Jorge Gascon, Freek Kapteijn, Javier Ruiz-Martínez, Bert M Weckhuysen
The nature and evolution of the hydrocarbon pool (HP) species during the Methanol-to-Olefins (MTO) process for three small-pore zeolite catalysts, with a different framework consisting of large cages interconnected by small eight-ring windows (CHA, DDR, and LEV) was studied at reaction temperatures between 350 and 450 °C using a combination of operando UV-vis spectroscopy and online gas chromatography. It was found that small differences in cage size, shape, and pore structure of the zeolite frameworks result in the generation of different hydrocarbon pool species...
June 2, 2017: ACS Catalysis
Zhijiang Ni, Shifei Kang, Jirong Bai, Yaguang Li, Yongkui Huang, Zhilei Wang, Hengfei Qin, Xi Li
Highly dispersed Co nanoparticles with proper interaction with mesoporous support are benefit for the suppression of self-aggregation, which enhances its Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTs) activity. However, construct such Co based supported catalysts with high activity and stability in FTs by conventional mesoporous support, especially the common used mesoporous SiO2, has proven challenging due to their undesirable hydrothermal stability and poor reducibility. Herein, we developed a unique core@double-shell Co@SiO2@C structure with optimized interface of the mesoporous catalyst by introducing graphitic carbon layer which can weaken the interaction between metallic Co and silica...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Guixiang Zhang, Xiaofang Guo, Yuen Zhu, Zhiwang Han, Qiusheng He, Fengsong Zhang
Little is known regarding how biochars' feedstock and pyrolysis temperature affect soil function and plant growth. To address this gap in knowledge, 12 biochars (walnut shells, corn cobs, corn straws, and rice straws were separately pyrolyzed at 250, 400, and 600°C for 4h) were applied to soil from an indigenous coking site with application rate of 2.5% (w/w) in a pot experiment to determine the impact of biochar types on macro-nutrients (total and available N, P, and K) and ryegrass growth in the soil from an indigenous coking site...
May 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Dengle Duan, Yunpu Wang, Leilei Dai, Roger Ruan, Yunfeng Zhao, Liangliang Fan, Maimaitiaili Tayier, Yuhuan Liu
Microwave-assisted fast co-pyrolysis of lignin and polypropylene for bio-oil production was conducted using the ex-situ catalysis technology. Effects of catalytic temperature, feedstock/catalyst ratio, and lignin/polypropylene ratio on product distribution and chemical components of bio-oil were investigated. The catalytic temperature of 250°C was the most conducive to bio-oil production in terms of the yield. The bio-oil yield decreased with the addition of catalyst during ex-situ catalytic co-pyrolysis. When the feedstock/catalyst ratio was 2:1, the minimum char and coke values were 21...
April 29, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Dev Raj Joshi, Yu Zhang, Yinxin Gao, Yuan Liu, Min Yang
Although coking wastewater is generally considered to contain high concentration of nitrogen- and sulfur-containing pollutants, the biotransformation processes of these compounds have not been well understood. Herein, a high throughput functional gene array (GeoChip 5.0) in combination with Illumina MiSeq sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene were used to identify microbial functional traits and their role in biotransformation of nitrogen- and sulfur-containing compounds in a bench-scale aerobic coking wastewater treatment system operated for 488 days...
May 24, 2017: Water Research
Chunhong Na, Ying Zhang, Xie Quan, Shuo Chen, Wei Liu, Yaobin Zhang
Coking wastewater contains many types of toxic and hazardous pollutants that have serious toxic effects on human beings as well as aquatic organisms. However, few studies have evaluated the detoxification efficiencies of the treatment processes that are extensively performed in operational coking wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This study investigates the detoxification efficiencies of a combined anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A(2)O)-ozonation and A(2)O-Fenton oxidation process in two coking WWTPs using an acute immobilization test for Daphnia magna, acute toxicity test for adult zebrafish, embryo toxicity test for zebrafish and the comet assay...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Wenlan Yang, Chengda He, Xiaozhi Wang, Ya Zhang, Zhipeng Cheng, Benlin Dai, Lili Zhang
In the current study a new recyclable aminated hyper-cross-linked polymeric adsorbent (A-HPA) was prepared for effective removal of DOM from BTCW. Possibly benefited from its unique structure of polystyrene matrix, sufficient aminated groups and high specific surface area, A-HPA could remove DOM from BTCW through the synergetic effect of π-π interactions, acid-base interactions and micropore filling, and exhibited the highest removal efficiency than the other adsorbents. Moreover, the exhausted A-HPA was amenable to effective regeneration by using acid and alkaline solution, allowing for repeated use with a constant removal efficiency...
May 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Tobias Hübner, Markus Roth, Frédéric Vogel
Hydrothermal oxidation (HTO) provides an efficient technique to completely destroy wet organic wastes. In this study, HTO was applied to treat fecal sludge at well-defined experimental conditions. Four different kinetic models were adjusted to the obtained data. Among others, a distributed activation energy model (DAEM) was applied. A total of 33 experiments were carried out in an unstirred batch reactor with pressurized air as the oxidant at temperatures of <470 °C, oxygen-to-fuel equivalence ratios between 0 and 1...
November 23, 2016: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Anthony R Auxilio, Wei-Lit Choo, Isha Kohli, Srikanth Chakravartula Srivatsa, Sankar Bhattacharya
A bench scale, two-stage, thermo-catalytic reactor equipped with a continuous feeding system was used to pyrolyse pure and waste plastics. Experiments using five zeolitic and clay-based catalysts of different forms (pellet and powders) and different plastic feedstocks - virgin HDPE, HDPE w1aste and mixed plastic waste (MPW) were compared to the control experiments - pyrolysis without catalyst. Results indicated that the two pelletized catalysts were the most promising for the conditions employed. Of these two, one with higher acidity and surface area was highly selective for the gasoline fraction (C5-C11) giving 80% from the total medium distillate conversion using virgin HDPE as feedstock...
May 19, 2017: Waste Management
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