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Qiaoping Kong, Haizhen Wu, Lei Liu, Fengzhen Zhang, Sergei Preis, Shuang Zhu, Chaohai Wei
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are accumulated in the sludge collected from the coking wastewater treatment. Phenol with its efficient degradation observed in biological treatment promotes the solubility of PAHs in aqueous phase. The interaction mechanism of phenol and PAHs in aqueous and sludge phases was systematically studied in two full-scale engineering projects composed of anaerobic-oxic-oxic (A-O 1 -O 2 ) and anaerobic-oxic-hydrolytic-oxic (A-O 1 -H-O 2 ) sequences. The results showed that reasonable use of phenol facilitates solubilization of PAHs alleviating their emission problems...
February 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Zihao Zhang, Hao Cheng, Hao Chen, Kequan Chen, Xiuyang Lu, Pingkai Ouyang, Jie Fu
Modified H-type ZSM-5 (HZSM-5) catalysts were prepared using hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as mesopore templates to enhance the activity for the catalytic fast pyrolysis of rice straw for aromatics compounds. A certain quantity of CTAB added into the HZSM-5 (HZ) forming hierarchical structure exhibited an improvement in the yield of the aromatics and a decrease in the yield of coke in comparison with that of bare HZ. In contrast, excessive CTAB addition resulted in a decrease in aromatic yield and an increase in coke yield...
February 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Paula M Horta, Fernanda T Rodrigues, Luana C Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the content and extent of marketing of ultra-processed food products (UPP) and their brand pages on Facebook, which are highly accessed by Brazilians. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Sixteen UPP brand pages on Facebook were selected from 250 pages that were the most liked by Brazilians in October 2015. SUBJECTS: We analysed the frequency of 'likes' and members 'talking about' each one of the pages, in addition to fifteen marketing techniques used in the previous year (September 2014 to October 2015)...
February 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Jianfei Ding, Tianlin Ma, Cuixia Yan, Rong Shao, Wei Xu, Zhi Yun
The H6P2W18O62/MCM-41-SUP was first synthesized using supercritical impregnation as highly efficient catalyst during glycerol conversion reaction. For comparison, the H6P2W18O62/MCM-41 prepared by conventional wet impregnation was also studied. The catalysts were studied using XRD, BET, FTIR, SEM, TEM, pyridine-FTIR, NH3-TPD, TG, ICP and elemental analysis. The characterization results showed that the preparation condition of supercritical carbon dioxide contributed to improve the dispersion of H6P2W18O62 on MCM-41, strengthen the interaction between H6P2W18O62 and MCM-41, increase the thermostability of H6P2W18O62 and enhance the amount of medium and Brønsted acid sites on the catalyst...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Chun-Yen Chen, Yu-Han Chang
Microalgae cultivation using wastewater is an approach for simultaneous wastewater treatment and biofuels/chemicals productions. In this study, three microalgae species Chorella vulgaris ESP-31, Chorella sorokiniana CY-1 and Scenedesmus sp. were cultivated using coke-making wastewater generated from a steel-making company. Of these, C.vulgaris ESP-31 had the best tolerance towards wastewater, with maximal biomass concentration of 2.82 g/l and lipid productivity of 32.3 mg/l/d. The highest biomass concentration 3...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Jin Yang, Yanli Liu, Huitao Zhang, Hongjie Zhang, Wubin Wang, Yanfeng Fan
Coke oven emissions (COE) containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are predominant toxic constituents of particulate air pollution that have been linked to increased risk of lung cancer. Aberrant DNA methylation is one of the best known epigenetic changes in human cancers and healthy subjects exposed to carcinogens. The purpose of this study is to explore the factors influencing the methylation of long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) and aryl-hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AhRR) in coke oven workers...
February 2018: Mutation Research
Eleanor Raper, Raymond Fisher, David R Anderson, Tom Stephenson, Ana Soares
The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) requires that coke wastewater is treated to reach an effluent with <50 mg/L total nitrogen (TN). A shortage of alkalinity (3.6 mg as CaCO3/mg NH4+-N) in the wastewater limited nitrification to 45%. Various compounds were tested as a source of additional alkalinity, with optimal results being found for sodium carbonate, which enabled 95% nitrification at 300 mg/L (as CaCO3). Sodium bicarbonate led to incomplete ammonia oxidation (76%) whilst soda ash prevented nitrite oxidation...
February 7, 2018: Environmental Technology
Hojatallah Seyedy Niasar, Hanning Li, Sreejon Das, Tirumala Venkateswara Rao Kasanneni, Madhumita B Ray, Chunbao Charles Xu
This study employed Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology to optimize activation parameters for the production of activated petroleum coke (APC) adsorbent from petroleum coke (PC) to achieve highest adsorption capacity for three model naphthenic acids. Activated petroleum coke (APC) adsorbent with a BET surface area of 1726 m2/g and total pore volume of 0.85 cc/g was produced at the optimum activation conditions (KOH/coke mass ratio) of 3.0, activation temperature 790 °C, and activation time 3...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Dev Raj Joshi, Yu Zhang, Hong Zhang, Yingxin Gao, Min Yang
Nitrogenous heterocyclic compounds are key pollutants in coking wastewater; however, the functional potential of microbial communities for biodegradation of such contaminants during biological treatment is still elusive. Herein, a high throughput functional gene array (GeoChip 5.0) in combination with Illumina HiSeq2500 sequencing was used to compare and characterize the microbial community functional structure in a long run (500days) bench scale bioreactor treating coking wastewater, with a control system treating synthetic wastewater...
January 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Rolf Beerthuis, Liang Huang, N Raveendran Shiju, Gadi Rothenberg, Wei Shen, Hualong Xu
Catalytic biomass conversion is often hindered by coking. Carbon compounds cover active surface and plug pores, causing catalyst deactivation. Material design at the nanoscale allows tailoring of the catalytic activity and stability. Here, we report a simple synthesis of nanosized ZSM-5 materials by using a silicalite-1 seeding suspension. ZSM-5 crystals were grown from a deionized silica source in the presence of ammonia. By using silicalite-1 seeds, crystalline ZSM-5 is synthesized without any structure-directing agent...
January 9, 2018: ChemCatChem
Panpan Li, Feng Yu, Naveed Altaf, Mingyuan Zhu, Jiangbing Li, Bin Dai, Qiang Wang
CH₄ as the paramount ingredient of natural gas plays an eminent role in C1 chemistry. CH₄ catalytically converted to syngas is a significant route to transmute methane into high value-added chemicals. Moreover, the CO/CO₂ methanation reaction is one of the potent technologies for CO₂ valorization and the coal-derived natural gas production process. Due to the high thermal stability and high extent of dispersion of metallic particles, two-dimensional mixed metal oxides through calcined layered double hydroxides (LDHs) precursors are considered as the suitable supports or catalysts for both the reaction of methanation and methane reforming...
January 31, 2018: Materials
Anne Maitre, Pascal Petit, Marie Marques, Claire Hervé, Sarah Montlevier, Renaud Persoons, Dominique J Bicout
BACKGROUND: Millions of workers are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a well-known family of carcinogens, but occupational exposure data about PAH mixture compositions are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To provide a detailed picture of airborne PAH exposures encountered in the French industrial landscape over the previous 20 years and to identify determinants driving exposures. METHODS: Results from 1643 airborne samples of 16 gaseous and particulate PAHs implemented into the Exporisq HAP database from 1995 to 2014 were used to describe exposure levels and aerosol chemical composition in many industries and activities...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Tapani Tuomi, Henna Veijalainen, Tiina Santonen
Air concentrations of and inhalation exposure to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and benzene was monitored separately at two oil refineries from 1977 to 2014. Prevention policies and control measures that may explain changes were surveyed. The aim was to evaluate how the application of of Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series OHSAS 18001.04 principles as well as Environmental protection Agency EPA and European Oil Company Organisation for Environment, Health and Safety CONCAWE practices have influenced air concentrations...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pierre Bräuer, Olivia Situmorang, Pey Ling Ng, Carmine D'Agostino
The strength of terminal hydroxyl Si-OH groups (silanols) in zeolites is important for many non-size-selective catalytic reactions occurring onto the external surface of the zeolite crystals and may often be responsible for catalyst deactivation, e.g., coke formation. A quantitative analysis of Si-OH strength and its link with the Al content, hence varying silica-to-alumina ratio (SAR = SiO2/Al2O3), has not been established yet. Various hypotheses have been proposed in the literature; nonetheless, the role of Al content in determining silanol strength remains still unclear and the object of speculation...
January 24, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
J Yang, H Zhang, H Zhang, B Pan, W Wang, Y Fan, Y Liu
Arrest of the cell cycle after DNA damage is believed to promote DNA repair. We aim to investigate the main factors affecting cell cycle arrest of lymphocytes in coke oven workers. A total of 600 workers were included in this study, and their urinary levels of four polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) metabolites, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and cell cycle distribution were determined. Urinary PAH metabolites were significantly increased in coke oven workers ( p < 0.01). It was found that only urinary 2-hydroxynaphthalene and 1-hydroxypyrene showed significant positive linear dose-response effects on 8-OHdG in this study population ( ptrend = 0...
March 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Guixiang Zhang, Yuen Zhu, Xiaofang Guo, Zhiwang Han, Qiusheng He, Fengsong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Stefano Ardu, O Duc, E Di Bella, I Krejci
The goals of the present study were to evaluate, in vitro, the staining of different composite resins submitted to different common beverages, and to compare the staining effect of each of these solutions. A total of 288 specimens were randomly divided into six groups and immersed for 4 weeks in five staining solutions represented by red wine, orange juice, coke, tea and coffee or in artificial saliva as a control group. When analyzed over a black background, mean ΔE00 values varied from 0.8 for Venus Diamond, Saremco Microhybrid and ELS in saliva and Estelite Posterior in coke to 37...
January 12, 2018: Odontology
Kisha A Scarlett, ElShaddai Z White, Christopher J Coke, Jada R Carter, Latoya K Bryant, Cimona V Hinton
G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) heterodimerization has emerged as a means by which alternative signaling entities can be created; yet, how receptor heterodimers affect receptor pharmacology remains unknown. Previous observations suggested a biochemical antagonism between GPCRs, CXCR4 and CB2 (CNR2), where agonist-bound CXCR4 and agonist-bound CB2 formed a physiologically non-functional heterodimer on the membrane of cancer cells, inhibiting their metastatic potential in vitro. However, the reduced signaling entities responsible for the observed functional outputs remain elusive...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
J L Parrott, J R Marentette, L M Hewitt, M E McMaster, P L Gillis, W P Norwood, J L Kirk, K M Peru, J V Headley, Z Wang, C Yang, R A Frank
To assess the toxicity of winter-time atmospheric deposition in the oil sands mining area of Northern Alberta, embryo-larval fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to snowmelt samples. Snow was collected in 2011-2014 near (<7km) oil sands open pit mining operations in the Athabasca River watershed and at sites far from (>25km) oil sands mining. Snow was shipped frozen back to the laboratory, melted, and amended with essential ions prior to testing. Fertilized fathead minnow eggs were exposed (<24h post-fertilization to 7-16days post-hatch) to a range of 25%-100% snowmelt...
December 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Kaiyi Wu, Fengzhen Zhang, Haizhen Wu, Chaohai Wei
In Table 1, "SO2-4" and "NO-3" should be corrected to "[Formula: see text]" and "[Formula: see text]", respectively. The original article was corrected.
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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