keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiometabolic Syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331535/estrogen-deprivation-aggravates-cardiometabolic-dysfunction-in-obese-insulin-resistant-rats-through-the-impairment-of-cardiac-mitochondrial-dynamics
#1
Wanitchaya Minta, Siripong Palee, Duangkamol Mantor, Wissuta Sutham, Thidarat Jaiwongkum, Sasiwan Kerdpoo, Wasana Pratchayasakul, Sirinart Kumfu, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
The incidence of cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome increases after the onset of menopause, suggesting estrogen has a vital role in their prevention. Mitochondrial dynamics are known to play an important role in the maintenance of cardiac physiological function. However, the effects of estrogen deprivation on cardiometabolic status and cardiac mitochondrial dynamics under conditions of obese-insulin resistance have never been investigated. We hypothesized that estrogen deprivation aggravates cardiac dysfunction through increased cardiac mitochondrial fission in obese-insulin resistant rats...
January 10, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327600/population-based-serum-omentin-1-levels-paradoxical-association-with-cardiometabolic-disorders-primarily-in-men
#2
Altan Onat, Evin Ademoglu, Yusuf Karadeniz, Gunay Can, Ahmet Okan Uzun, Barıs Simsek, Aysem Kaya
AIM: The conflicting relationships of serum omentin with inflammation markers and cardiometabolic disorders were investigated. Results & methodology: Unselected 864 population-based middle-aged adults were cross-sectionally studied by sex-specific omentin tertiles. Men in the lowest omentin tertile (T1) had lower systolic blood pressure, HbA1c and glucose values and tended in T3 to higher lipoprotein(a) levels. Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for four covariates, revealed significant independent associations with the presence of hypertension and diabetes only in men...
January 12, 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325791/the-therapeutic-effects-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-an-update-from-the-national-academies-of-sciences-engineering-and-medicine-report
#3
REVIEW
Donald I Abrams
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine conducted a rapid turn-around comprehensive review of recent medical literature on The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. The 16-member committee adopted the key features of a systematic review process, conducting an extensive search of relevant databases and considered 10,000 recent abstracts to determine their relevance. Primacy was given to recently published systematic reviews and primary research that studied one of the committee's 11 prioritized health endpoints- therapeutic effects; cancer incidence; cardiometabolic risk; respiratory disease; immune function; injury and death; prenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes; psychosocial outcomes; mental health; problem Cannabis use; and Cannabis use and abuse of other substances...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324776/effect-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-infertile-women-on-cardiometabolic-health-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lotte van Dammen, Vincent Wekker, Anne M van Oers, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Rebecca C Painter, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Henk Groen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Anneke C Muller Kobold, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Ron van Golde, Gerrit J E Oosterhuis, Niels E A Vogel, Ben Willem J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity, an important cardiometabolic risk factor, is rising in women. Lifestyle improvements are the first step in treatment of obesity, but the success depends on factors like timing and motivation. Women are especially receptive to advice about lifestyle before and during pregnancy. Therefore, we hypothesize that the pre-pregnancy period provides the perfect window of opportunity to improve cardiometabolic health and quality of life of obese infertile women, by means of a lifestyle intervention...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320364/cardiometabolic-effects-of-psychotropic-medications
#5
REVIEW
Oluchi Abosi, Sneha Lopes, Samantha Schmitz, Jess G Fiedorowicz
Background Many psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression convey an excess burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The medications used to treat these conditions may further adversely affect cardiovascular risk and exacerbate health disparities for vulnerable populations. There is a clinical need to appreciate the cardiometabolic adverse effects of psychotropic medications. Methods This paper reviews the most relevant cardiometabolic effects of psychotropic medications, organized around the components of metabolic syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319402/interaction-of-metabolic-health-and-obesity-on-subclinical-target-organ-damage
#6
Hyun-Jung Lee, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Jaehoon Chung, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Sang-Hyun Kim, Joo-Hee Zo, Myung-A Kim
BACKGROUND: Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals generally show better cardiovascular prognosis compared with metabolically unhealthy counterparts, which may be related to different patterns of target organ damage (TOD). We aimed to investigate the patterns of TOD related to obesity and metabolic unhealthiness. METHODS: A total of 659 Korean adults (mean age, 60.0 ± 11.8 years; male, 51.1%) undergoing health examinations were stratified into four groups according to obesity (body mass index ≥25...
January 10, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319245/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-special-reference-to-non-hdl-cholesterol
#7
Debjani S Goswami, Tanuja P Manohar
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are becoming the major cause of morbidity and mortality in most of the developing countries including India. Cardiometabolic risk factors play a vital role in causation of coronary artery disease. Present study was carried out to investigate the role of various risk factors in the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in population from Central India. Settings and Design: This was a hospital-based age and sex matched case-control study, carried out at Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315322/effectiveness-of-nationwide-screening-and-lifestyle-intervention-for-abdominal-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risks-in-japan-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-comprehensive-lifestyle-intervention-study-on-nationwide-database-in-japan-mets-action-j-study
#8
Yoko M Nakao, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Kenji Ueshima, Kazuhiro Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Shinji Yasuno, Kiminori Hosoda, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Hiroshi Itoh, Hisao Ogawa, Kenji Kangawa, Kazuwa Nakao
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions can substantially improve obesity and cardiometabolic risks. However, evidence of long-term benefits of national intervention is sparse. We aimed to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of a nationwide program for abdominal obesity. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using a longitudinal nationwide individual data in subjects aged 40-74 years who underwent checkups in fiscal year (FY) 2008. Lifestyle interventions were provided via interview in subjects with abdominal obesity and at least one cardiometabolic risk factor...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310740/predicting-cardiometabolic-disturbances-from-waist-to-height-ratio-findings-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline
#9
Marcelo Castanheira, Dóra Chor, José Uéleres Braga, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in predicting cardiometabolic outcomes and compare cut-off points for Brazilian adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. WHtR areas under the curve (AUC) were compared with those for BMI, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The outcomes of interest were hypertension, diabetes, hypertriacylglycerolaemia and presence of at least two components of metabolic syndrome (≥2 MetS)...
January 9, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305232/comparison-of-different-maximal-oxygen-uptake-equations-to-discriminate-the-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jorge Mota, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of 8 different maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) equations to discriminate between low and high cardiometabolic risk, and to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) cutoffs associated with a more favorable cardiometabolic risk profile in Colombian children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, CRF was estimated using the 20-m shuttle run test in 2870 schoolchildren (54.5% girls) from Bogota, Colombia. We computed a metabolic syndrome score (MetScore) as the sum of the age- and sex-standardized scores of waist circumference, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298340/the-association-between-a-body-shape-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#11
Chiara Mameli, Nir Y Krakauer, Jesse C Krakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Norma Moiana, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Teresa Genoni, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti
A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and normalized hip circumference (Hip Index, HI) have been recently shown to be strong risk factors for mortality and for cardiovascular disease in adults. We conducted an observational cross-sectional study to evaluate the relationship between ABSI, HI and cardiometabolic risk factors and obesity-related comorbidities in overweight and obese children and adolescents aged 2-18 years. We performed multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses with BMI, ABSI, and HI age and sex normalized z scores as predictors to examine the association with cardiometabolic risk markers (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin, total cholesterol and its components, transaminases, fat mass % detected by bioelectrical impedance analysis) and obesity-related conditions (including hepatic steatosis and metabolic syndrome)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295598/cardiometabolic-comorbidities-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#12
REVIEW
Lluís Puig
There is solid epidemiologic evidence linking psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) to cardiovascular risk factors and an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Chronic inflammation, with shared pathways and cytokines common to metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis and psoriasis, might provide the basis for the cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities of psoriasis and PsA. The purpose of this manuscript is to review recent evidence about the epidemiology and underlying mechanisms of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease in patients with psoriasis and/or PsA; the use of analytical determinations, physiologic measures and imaging techniques as surrogate biomarkers of atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease in these patients; and the epidemiological and clinical data, including results of clinical trials, supporting a cardioprotective role of anti-inflammatory and disease-modifying treatment in psoriasis and PsA...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295575/association-between-exposure-to-ambient-air-particulates-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#13
Magdy Shamy, Mansour Alghamdi, Mamdouh I Khoder, Abdullah M Mohorjy, Alser A Alkhatim, Abdulrahman K Alkhalaf, Jason Brocato, Lung Chi Chen, George D Thurston, Chris C Lim, Max Costa
Recent epidemiological evidence suggests that exposure to particulates may be a factor in the etiology of metabolic syndrome (MetS). In this novel study, we investigated the relationship between particulate levels and prevalence of MetS component abnormalities (hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity) in a recruited cohort (N = 2025) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. We observed significant associations between a 10 μg/m³ increase in PM2.5 and increased risks for MetS (Risk Ratio (RR): 1.12; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290922/gestational-diabetes-from-a-to-z
#14
REVIEW
AbdelHameed Mirghani Dirar, John Doupis
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of hyperglycaemia that is recognized for the first time during pregnancy. This definition includes cases of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) identified early in pregnancy and true GDM which develops later. GDM constitutes a greater impact on diabetes epidemic as it carries a major risk of developing T2DM to the mother and foetus later in life. In addition, GDM has also been linked with cardiometabolic risk factors such as lipid abnormalities, hypertensive disorders and hyperinsulinemia...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290474/triglycerides-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-as-a-cardiometabolic-risk-marker-in-children-and-adolescents-from-m%C3%A3-rida-city-venezuela
#15
Miguel Aguirre, Yajaira Briceño, Roald Gómez-Pérez, Yajaira Zerpa, Nolis Camacho, Mariela Paoli
OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of the triglycerides/HDL-cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL) as a cardiometabolic risk marker in children and adolescents from Mérida, Venezuela. METHODS: A total of 1292 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years who attended educational institutions in the Libertador Municipality were enrolled into this study. Anthropometric measurements and blood pressure values were recorded. Fasting blood glucose, insulin and lipid levels were measured...
December 28, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290216/cardiovascular-disease-in-women-living-with-hiv-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Danielle Solomon, Caroline A Sabin, Patrick W G Mallon, Alan Winston, Shema Tariq
Advances in the treatment of HIV have led to increasing numbers of people living with HIV reaching older age. Age-related comorbid conditions, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), are therefore of increasing importance in HIV clinical practice. Over half the global population of people living with HIV are female. We present a narrative literature review of 39 studies exploring CVD in women living with HIV (WLHIV), with particular reference to coronary heart disease, and focusing on: (1) epidemiology, (2) pathophysiology, (3) risk factors (including traditional risk factors and HIV-related risk factors), and (4) management...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285778/in-women-with-pcos-waist-circumference-is-a-better-surrogate-of-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism-than-disease-status-per-se
#17
A Pazderska, T Kyaw Tun, N Phelan, A McGowan, M Sherlock, L A Behan, G Boran, J Gibney
OBJECTIVE: Cardiometabolic abnormalities are recognised in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, over-emphasis on PCOS as a risk factor potentially results in over-investigation and treatment of some women with, and under-recognition of cardiometabolic risk in obese women without PCOS. Our objective was to explore the association between waist circumference (WC) and indices of glucose and lipid metabolism in women with and without PCOS. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: (1) an exploratory cross-sectional study investigating association of potential cardiometabolic risk markers (PCOS status, anthropometric measures, hsCRP, HOMA-IR, SHBG, testosterone) with indices of glucose (frequently-sampled-intravenous-glucose-tolerance-test) and lipid metabolism (post-prandial studies and lipoprotein particle size) in 61 women with (n=29) and without (n=32) PCOS; (2) a cross-sectional study in 103 PCOS women and 102 BMI-matched controls to explore if between-group differences in indices of lipid and glucose metabolism persist after adjusting for WC...
December 29, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284058/metabolically-healthy-obese-individuals-present-similar-chronic-inflammation-level-but-less-insulin-resistance-than-obese-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Andrea Elena Iglesias Molli, Alberto Penas Steinhardt, Ariel Pablo López, Claudio Daniel González, Jorge Vilariño, Gustavo Daniel Frechtel, Gloria Edith Cerrone
The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, usually accompanied by the presence of insulin resistance (IR) and a systemic subclinical inflammation state. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals seem to be protected against cardiometabolic complications. The aim of this work was to characterize phenotypically the low-grade inflammation and the IR in MHO individuals in comparison to obese individuals with MetS and control non obese. We studied two different populations: 940 individuals from the general population of Buenos Aires and 518 individuals from the general population of Venado Tuerto; grouped in three groups: metabolically healthy non-obese individuals (MHNO), MHO and obese individuals with MetS (MSO)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280650/-association-between-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-physical-activity-and-sedentariness-in-chilean-university-students
#19
Gladys Ruth Morales Illanes, Teresa Balboa-Castillo, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Álvaro Soto, Ingrid Schifferli, Francisco Guillen-Grima
INTRODUCTION: There is a huge evidence in adults, that a high level of physical activity and a low level of sedentariness are associated independently with a reduction of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF). This association has been poor evaluated in young people and the results are not conclusive. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between CMRF, physical activity and sedentariness in Chilean university students. METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278722/the-association-of-uric-acid-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-arterial-hypertension-or-diabetes-in-young-subjects-an-observational-study
#20
Yuan-Yuei Chen, Tung-Wei Kao, Hui-Fang Yang, Cheng-Wai Chou, Chen-Jung Wu, Ching-Huang Lai, Yu-Shan Sun, Chung-Ching Wang, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies are available to shed some light on the association between uric acid (UA) and cardiovascular diseases. However, there have been few studies to support a causal link between UA, metabolic syndrome (MetS), diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) in young subjects. METHODS: From the Health Examination Registration System of Taiwanese military service during the period 2013-2015, there were 46,561 eligible participants who were 20years old or older in our study...
December 23, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
keyword
keyword
91914
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"