keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Focus Group Discussion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691757/microbiota-transplantation-concept-methodology-and-strategy-for-its-modernization
#1
REVIEW
Faming Zhang, Bota Cui, Xingxiang He, Yuqiang Nie, Kaichun Wu, Daiming Fan
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has become a research focus of biomedicine and clinical medicine in recent years. The clinical response from FMT for different diseases provided evidence for microbiota-host interactions associated with various disorders, including Clostridium difficile infection, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, liver cirrhosis, gut-brain disease and others. To discuss the experiences of using microbes to treat human diseases from ancient China to current era should be important in moving standardized FMT forward and achieving a better future...
April 24, 2018: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691242/-to-be-a-woman-is-to-make-a-plan-a-qualitative-study-exploring-mothers-experiences-of-the-child-support-grant-in-supporting-children-s-diets-and-nutrition-in-south-africa
#2
Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Rebecca Surender, David Sanders, Rina Swart, Vundli Ramokolo, Gemma Wright, Tanya Doherty
Food security and good nutrition are key determinants of child well-being. There is strong evidence that cash transfers such as South Africa's Child Support Grant (CSG) have the potential to help address some of the underlying drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition by providing income to caregivers in poor households, but it is unclear how precisely they work to affect child well-being and nutrition. We present results from a qualitative study conducted to explore the role of the CSG in food security and child well-being in poor households in an urban and a rural setting in South Africa...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#3
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690920/developing-a-core-outcome-set-for-people-living-with-dementia-at-home-in-their-neighbourhoods-and-communities-study-protocol-for-use-in-the-evaluation-of-non-pharmacological-community-based-health-and-social-care-interventions
#4
Andrew J E Harding, Hazel Morbey, Faraz Ahmed, Carol Opdebeeck, Ying-Ying Wang, Paula Williamson, Caroline Swarbrick, Iracema Leroi, David Challis, Linda Davies, David Reeves, Fiona Holland, Mark Hann, Ingrid Hellström, Lars-Christer Hydén, Alistair Burns, John Keady, Siobhan Reilly
BACKGROUND: The key aim of the study is to establish an agreed standardised core outcome set (COS) for use when evaluating non-pharmacological health and social care interventions for people living at home with dementia. METHODS/DESIGN: Drawing on the guidance and approaches of the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET), this study uses a four-phase mixed-methods design: 1 Focus groups and interviews with key stakeholder groups (people living with dementia, care partners, relevant health and social care professionals, researchers and policymakers) and a review of the literature will be undertaken to build a long list of outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689817/the-state-of-phylogenetic-analysis-narrow-visions-and-simple-answers-examples-from-the-diptera-flies
#5
Art Borkent
The order Diptera is remarkably diverse, not only in species but in morphological variation in every life stage, making them excellent candidates for phylogenetic analysis. Such analysis has been hampered by methods that have severely restricted character state interpretation. Morphological-based phylogenies should be based on a deep understanding of the morphology, development and function of character states, and have extensive outgroup comparisons made to determine their polarity. Character states clearly vary in their value for determining phylogenetic relationships and this needs to be studied and utilized...
January 17, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689080/beyond-syndromic-management-opportunities-for-diagnosis-based-treatment-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Nigel J Garrett, Farzana Osman, Bhavna Maharaj, Nivashnee Naicker, Andrew Gibbs, Emily Norman, Natasha Samsunder, Hope Ngobese, Nireshni Mitchev, Ravesh Singh, Salim S Abdool Karim, Ayesha B M Kharsany, Koleka Mlisana, Anne Rompalo, Adrian Mindel
INTRODUCTION: In light of the limited impact the syndromic management approach has had on the global sexually transmitted infection (STI) epidemic, we assessed a care model comprising point-of-care (POC) STI testing, immediate treatment, and expedited partner therapy (EPT) among a cohort of young women at high HIV risk in South Africa. METHODS AND FINDINGS: HIV negative women presenting for STI care underwent POC testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), and swabs were sent for NG culture and susceptibility testing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688424/me-time-or-we-time-age-differences-in-motivation-for-exercise
#7
Crystal N Steltenpohl, Michael Shuster, Eric Peist, Amber Pham, Joseph A Mikels
Background and Objectives: Increasing exercise continues to be an important health issue for both older and younger adults. Researchers have suggested several methods for increasing exercise motivation. Socioemotional selectivity theory (SST) posits that people's motivation shift from future-oriented instrumental goals to present-oriented emotionally meaningful goals as we age, which provides insight into how people's motivations for exercise may differ for older versus younger adults...
April 23, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688273/community-driven-roadmap-for-integrated-disease-maps
#8
Marek Ostaszewski, Stephan Gebel, Inna Kuperstein, Alexander Mazein, Andrei Zinovyev, Ugur Dogrusoz, Jan Hasenauer, Ronan M T Fleming, Nicolas Le Novère, Piotr Gawron, Thomas Ligon, Anna Niarakis, David Nickerson, Daniel Weindl, Rudi Balling, Emmanuel Barillot, Charles Auffray, Reinhard Schneider
The Disease Maps Project builds on a network of scientific and clinical groups that exchange best practices, share information and develop systems biomedicine tools. The project aims for an integrated, highly curated and user-friendly platform for disease-related knowledge. The primary focus of disease maps is on interconnected signaling, metabolic and gene regulatory network pathways represented in standard formats. The involvement of domain experts ensures that the key disease hallmarks are covered and relevant, up-to-date knowledge is adequately represented...
April 23, 2018: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687580/the-power-and-potential-of-genomics-in-weed-biology-and-management
#9
Karl Ravet, Eric L Patterson, Hansjörg Krähmer, Kateřina Hamouzová, Longjiang Fan, Marie Jasieniuk, Amy Lawton-Rauh, Jenna M Malone, J Scott McElroy, Aldo Merotto, Philip Westra, Christopher Preston, Martin M Vila-Aiub, Roberto Busi, Patrick J Tranel, Carl Reinhardt, Christopher Saski, Roland Beffa, Paul Neve, Todd A Gaines
There have been previous calls for, and efforts focused on, realizing the power and potential of weed genomics for better understanding of weeds. Sustained advances in genome sequencing and assembly technologies now make it possible for individual research groups to generate reference genomes for multiple weed species at reasonable costs. Here, we present the outcomes from several meetings, discussions, and workshops focused on establishing an International Weed Genomics Consortium (IWGC) for a coordinated international effort in weed genomics...
April 24, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686982/maternal-death-in-rural-ghana-a-case-study-in-the-upper-east-region-of-ghana
#10
Paschal Awingura Apanga, John Koku Awoonor-Williams
Maternal mortality remains a challenge in providing quality maternal and other reproductive healthcare services in Ghana. This is a case investigation of a maternal death in rural Ghana that seeks to unravel the circumstances that lead to her death. We conducted three in-depth interviews with healthcare staff as well as a focused group discussion comprising of six relatives of the deceased, including her husband. The investigation revealed that lack of logistics, medical, and laboratory equipment, inadequate knowledge about the benefits of antenatal care services as well as non-adherence of healthcare workers to treatment protocols and standard operating procedures were found as major setbacks to the provision of effective and quality maternal healthcare services in Ghana...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686938/adapting-and-implementing-a-school-based-resilience-building-curriculum-among-low-income-racial-and-ethnic-minority-students
#11
Roya Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Lauren Marlotte, Ediza Garcia, Hilary Aralis, Patricia Lester, Pia Escudero, Sheryl Kataoka
Although youth are at risk for exposure to adversity and trauma, many youth, especially ethnic and racial minorities, do not have access to mental health care. Resilience-building curriculums can teach important internal resilience skills and provide support to students who may not receive prevention or treatment services. We adapted a resilience curriculum initially used for military-connected youth facing adversities related to parental wartime deployments, to meet the needs of low-income, predominantly racial and ethnic minority students in a large urban school district...
September 2017: Contemporary School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686757/how-residents-learn-from-patient-feedback-a-multi-institutional-qualitative-study-of-pediatrics-residents-perspectives
#12
Alyssa L Bogetz, Nicola Orlov, Rebecca Blankenburg, Vasudha Bhavaraju, Alisa McQueen, Caroline Rassbach
Background : Residents may view feedback from patients and their families with greater skepticism than feedback from supervisors and peers. While discussing patient and family feedback with faculty may improve residents' acceptance of feedback and learning, specific strategies have not been identified. Objective : We explored pediatrics residents' perspectives of patient feedback and identified strategies that promote residents' reflection on and learning from feedback...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686667/-streptococcus-agalactiae-non-pilus-cell-wall-anchored-proteins-involvement-in-colonization-and-pathogenesis-and-potential-as-vaccine-candidates
#13
REVIEW
Giampiero Pietrocola, Carla Renata Arciola, Simonetta Rindi, Lucio Montanaro, Pietro Speziale
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains an important etiological agent of several infectious diseases including neonatal septicemia, pneumonia, meningitis, and orthopedic device infections. This pathogenicity is due to a variety of virulence factors expressed by Streptococcus agalactiae . Single virulence factors are not sufficient to provoke a streptococcal infection, which is instead promoted by the coordinated activity of several pathogenicity factors. Such determinants, mostly cell wall-associated and secreted proteins, include adhesins that mediate binding of the pathogen to host extracellular matrix/plasma ligands and cell surfaces, proteins that cooperate in the invasion of and survival within host cells and factors that neutralize phagocytosis and/or modulate the immune response...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686540/economic-evaluation-of-health-promotion-interventions-for-older-people-do-applied-economic-studies-meet-the-methodological-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Kai Huter, Katarzyna Dubas-Jakóbczyk, Ewa Kocot, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, Heinz Rothgang
Background: In the light of demographic developments health promotion interventions for older people are gaining importance. In addition to methodological challenges arising from the economic evaluation of health promotion interventions in general, there are specific methodological problems for the particular target group of older people. There are especially four main methodological challenges that are discussed in the literature. They concern measurement and valuation of informal caregiving, accounting for productivity costs, effects of unrelated cost in added life years and the inclusion of 'beyond-health' benefits...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686539/costs-and-cost-efficiency-of-a-mobile-cash-transfer-to-prevent-child-undernutrition-during-the-lean-season-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-methods-analysis-from-the-mam-out-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Chloe Puett, Cécile Salpéteur, Freddy Houngbe, Karen Martínez, Dieynaba S N'Diaye, Audrey Tonguet-Papucci
Background: This study assessed the costs and cost-efficiency of a mobile cash transfer implemented in Tapoa Province, Burkina Faso in the MAM'Out randomized controlled trial from June 2013 to December 2014, using mixed methods and taking a societal perspective by including costs to implementing partners and beneficiary households. Methods: Data were collected via interviews with implementing staff from the humanitarian agency and the private partner delivering the mobile money, focus group discussions with beneficiaries, and review of accounting databases...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685963/new-chemical-tools-for-probing-activity-and-inhibition-of-the-nad-dependent-lysine-deacylase-sirtuin-2
#16
Sören Swyter, Matthias Schiedel, Daria Monaldi, Sándor Szunyogh, Attila Lehotzky, Tobias Rumpf, Judit Ovádi, Wolfgang Sippl, Manfred Jung
Sirtuins are NAD+ -dependent protein deacylases capable of cleaving off acetyl as well as other acyl groups from the ɛ-amino group of lysines in histones and other substrate proteins. They have been reported as promising drug targets, and thus modulators of their activity are needed as molecular tools to uncover their biological function and as potential therapeutics. Here, we present new assay formats that complement existing assays for sirtuin biochemistry and cellular target engagement. Firstly, we report the development of a homogeneous fluorescence-based activity assay using unlabelled acylated peptides...
June 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685867/cultural-and-contextual-adaptation-of-an-ehealth-intervention-for-youth-receiving-services-for-first-episode-psychosis-adaptation-framework-and-protocol-for-horyzons-canada-phase-1
#17
Shalini Lal, John Gleeson, Ashok Malla, Lysanne Rivard, Ridha Joober, Ranjith Chandrasena, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: eHealth interventions have the potential to address challenges related to access, service engagement, and continuity of care in the delivery of mental health services. However, the initial development and evaluation of such interventions can require substantive amounts of financial and human resource investments to bring them to scale. Therefore, it may be warranted to pay greater attention to policy, services, and research with respect to eHealth platforms that have the potential to be adapted for use across settings...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685648/preparing-women-to-prevent-hiv-an-integrated-theoretical-framework-to-prep-black-women-in-the-united-states
#18
Crystal Chapman Lambert, Jeanne Marrazzo, K Rivet Amico, Michael J Mugavero, Latesha Elopre
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with optimal adherence has demonstrated efficacy in reducing HIV incidence in women. Black women are disproportionately burdened by the HIV epidemic, accounting for more than half of all new HIV cases in women, thereby making PrEP an ideal prevention strategy for this group. However, to date, PrEP uptake by women in the United States has been slow. Further domestic research is needed to understand the multilevel factors related to PrEP awareness, uptake, and implementation in Black women...
April 5, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684831/dis-integrating-cultural-difference-in-practice-and-communication-a-qualitative-study-of-host-and-migrant-registered-nurse-perspectives-from-new-zealand
#19
Margaret Brunton, Catherine Cook
BACKGROUND: Several earlier studies have provided evidence of the difficulties nurses have had adapting to foreign workplaces, however few have considered wider perspectives of the workplace communication environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the viewpoints and experience of both New Zealand qualified nurses and internationally qualified nurses in managing communication within teams and the clinical practice context in an increasingly diverse healthcare workplace in New Zealand...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684627/bioadhesives-for-internal-medical-applications-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Wenzhen Zhu, Yon Jin Chuah, Dong-An Wang
Bioadhesives such as tissue adhesives, hemostatic agents, and tissue sealants have gained increasing popularity in different areas of clinical operations during the last three decades. Bioadhesives can be categorized into internal and external ones according to their application conditions. External bioadhesives are generally applied in topical medications such as wound closure and epidermal grafting. Internal bioadhesives are mainly used in intracorporal conditions with direct contact to internal environment including tissues, organs and body fluids, such as chronic organ leak repair and bleeding complication reduction...
April 20, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
keyword
keyword
91913
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"