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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908019/health-needs-and-priorities-of-syrian-refugees-in-camps-and-urban-settings-in-jordan-perspectives-of-refugees-and-health-care-providers
#1
Tala Al-Rousan, Zaker Schwabkey, Lara Jirmanus, Brett D Nelson
Background: The United Nations has declared the Syrian refugee crisis to be the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era. Neighbouring countries, such as Jordan, strain to meet the health needs of Syrian refugees in addition to their own citizens given limited resources. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the perspectives of Syrian refugees in Jordan, Jordanian health care providers and other stakeholders in addressing the public health issues of the refugee crisis...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906605/when-did-anoles-diverge-an-analysis-of-multiple-dating-strategies
#2
Cristian Román-Palacios, Jose Tavera, María Del Rosario Castañeda
Whereas most of the studies that discuss the evolutionary divergence of Anolis lizards have dated the clade's crown group in between 31-64 Ma, a single study has recovered a significantly older age for the same node (87 Ma). These differences also entail notable consequences on the preferred biogeographical hypothesis for the whole clade. Here we analyze a total of seven dating strategies by combining three calibration sources in independent BEAST runs to infer the most probable divergence timing for anole lizards (a mitochondrial rate for ND2 gene, the Anolis dominicanus fossil, and a group of fossils assigned to the Priscagamines, Iguanines, and Idontosaurus clades)...
June 12, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906287/a-combination-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-methods-in-investigating-risk-factors-for-lost-to-follow-up-for-tuberculosis-treatment-in-japan-are-physicians-and-nurses-at-a-particular-risk
#3
Lisa Kawatsu, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Akihiro Ohkado, Seiya Kato
BACKGROUND: The treatment success rate of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients aged 64 years and below in Japan, a tuberculosis (TB) middle-burden country with a notification of 13.9 per 100,000 populations in 2016, has been fluctuating around 70% for some years. In order to improve treatment outcome, it is critical to address those lost to follow-up (LTFU). The objective of the study therefore was to describe the characteristics of, and analyze the risk factors for those LTFU among pulmonary TB patients aged between 15 and 64, and discuss policy implications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905937/iron-overload-in-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes-an-updated-overview
#4
REVIEW
Nour M Moukalled, Fuad A El Rassi, Sally N Temraz, Ali T Taher
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) encompass a heterogeneous group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by a broad clinical spectrum related to ineffective hematopoiesis leading to unilineage or multilineage cytopenias, with a high propensity for transformation to acute myeloid leukemia. Iron overload has been recently identified as one of the important conditions complicating the management of these diverse disorders. The accumulation of iron is mainly related to chronic transfusions; however, evidence suggests a possible role for ineffective erythropoiesis and increased intestinal absorption of iron, related to altered hepcidin and growth differentiation factor-15 levels in the development of hemosiderosis in patients with MDS...
June 15, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905618/repeated-measures-designs-and-analysis-of-longitudinal-data-if-at-first-you-do-not-succeed-try-try-again
#5
Patrick Schober, Thomas R Vetter
Anesthesia, critical care, perioperative, and pain research often involves study designs in which the same outcome variable is repeatedly measured or observed over time on the same patients. Such repeatedly measured data are referred to as longitudinal data, and longitudinal study designs are commonly used to investigate changes in an outcome over time and to compare these changes among treatment groups. From a statistical perspective, longitudinal studies usually increase the precision of estimated treatment effects, thus increasing the power to detect such effects...
June 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904606/starting-the-conversation-community-perspectives-on-preterm-birth-and-kangaroo-mother-care-in-southern-malawi
#6
Megan Lydon, Monica Longwe, Dyson Likomwa, Victoria Lwesha, Lydia Chimtembo, Pamela Donohue, Tanya Guenther, Bina Valsangar
Background: Despite introduction of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in Malawi over a decade ago, preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Although KMC is initiated in the health care facility, robust community follow-up is critical for survival and optimal development of preterm and low birth weight infants post-discharge. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into community and health worker understanding, attitudes, beliefs and practices around preterm and low birth weight babies and KMC in Malawi...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904527/first-year-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-cure-using-the-crispr-cas9-genome-engineering-technology-in-zebrafish
#7
Jay M Bhatt, Anil Kumar Challa
Genetic analysis in model systems can provide a rich context for conceptual understanding of gene structure, regulation, and function. With an intent to create a rich learning experience in molecular genetics, we developed a semester-long course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system to disrupt specific genes in the zebrafish. The course was offered to freshman students; nine students worked in four groups (two to three members per group) to design, synthesize, and test the nuclease activity of the CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)/sgRNAs for targeted disruption of specific genes in the zebrafish...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904361/leaders-in-interdependent-contexts-suppress-nonverbal-assertiveness-a-multilevel-analysis-of-japanese-university-club-leaders-and-members-rank-signaling
#8
Atsuki Ito, Matthias S Gobel, Yukiko Uchida
Previous research has shown that leadership is signaled through nonverbal assertiveness. However, those studies have been mostly conducted in individualistic cultural contexts, such as in the U.S. Here, we suggest that one important strategy for goal attainment in collectivistic cultures is for leaders to self-regulate their behaviors. Thus, contrary to the previous evidence from individualistic cultural contexts, in collectivistic cultural contexts, leaders might suppress nonverbal assertiveness. To test this possibility, we assessed nonverbal behaviors (NVB) of Japanese leaders and members, and how they were evaluated by observers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903784/designing-prep-and-early-hiv-treatment-interventions-for-implementation-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-africa-developing-and-learning-from-a-formative-research-process
#9
Robyn Eakle, Nyaradzo Mutanha, Judie Mbogua, Maria Sibanyoni, Adam Bourne, Gabriela Gomez, Francois Venter, Helen Rees
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research was to design relevant, tailored oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and early antiretroviral (ART) interventions for female sex workers (FSWs) in South Africa. This paper examines the methods, process and outcomes of employing an inductive approach to formative research exploring intervention feasibility and acceptability. SETTING: Research was conducted in several sex work-related settings including five sites in and around clinics and stakeholder offices...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903652/preventing-social-isolation-in-older-people
#10
REVIEW
Natalie Cotterell, Tine Buffel, Christopher Phillipson
The extent of social isolation amongst older people has emerged as a major concern for health and social policy. Although the social and health outcomes of social isolation are well documented, evidence regarding the prevention of isolation in later life remains scarce. This article addresses this by presenting the findings from a literature review focusing on the identification, assessment, prevention, and intervention strategies relevant to social isolation in older age. The paper first addresses the issues of identification and assessment, using an ecological framework to identify the risk factors for social isolation at four levels: individual, relationship, community, and societal...
July 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902973/understanding-the-consumption-of-folic-acid-during-preconception-among-pakistani-bangladeshi-and-white-british-mothers-in-luton-uk-a-qualitative-study
#11
Rebecca Garcia, Nasreen Ali, Malcolm Griffiths, Gurch Randhawa
BACKGROUND: To review the similarities and differences in Pakistani, Bangladeshi and White British mothers health beliefs (attitudes, knowledge and perceptions) and health behaviour regarding their consumption of folic acid pre-conception, to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. METHODS: Our study used a descriptive qualitative research approach, implementing face-to-face focus group discussions with Pakistani, Bangladeshi or White British mothers (normal birth outcomes and mothers with poor birth outcomes) and semi-structured interviews or focus groups with service providers using semi-structured topic guides...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902469/acceptance-of-tele-rehabilitation-by-stroke-patients-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators
#12
Shilpa Tyagi, Daniel Sy Lim, Wilbert Hh Ho, Yun Qing Koh, Vincent Cai, Gerald Ch Koh, Helena Legido-Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceived barriers and facilitators of tele-rehabilitation by stroke patients, caregivers and rehabilitation therapists in an Asian setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study involving semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. SETTING: General community PARTICIPANTS: 37 participants including stroke patients, their caregivers and tele-therapists selected by purposive sampling. INTERVENTIONS: STARS trial...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902234/influence-of-newborn-health-messages-on-care-seeking-practices-and-community-health-behaviors-among-participants-in-the-zambia-chlorhexidine-application-trial
#13
Kasthuri Sivalogan, Katherine E A Semrau, Paul G Ashigbie, Sheila Mwangi, Julie M Herlihy, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Bowen Banda, Caroline Grogan, Godfrey Biemba, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Identifying and understanding traditional perceptions that influence newborn care practices and care-seeking behavior are crucial to developing sustainable interventions to improve neonatal health. The Zambia Chlorhexidine Application Trial (ZamCAT), a large-scale cluster randomized trial, assessed the impact of 4% chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality and omphalitis in Southern Province, Zambia. The main purpose of this post-ZamCAT qualitative study was to understand the impact of newborn care health messages on care-seeking behavior for neonates and the acceptability, knowledge, and attitudes towards chlorhexidine cord care among community members and health workers in Southern Province...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902224/premorbid-risk-perception-lifestyle-adherence-and-coping-strategies-of-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-phenomenological-study-in-the-brong-ahafo-region-of-ghana
#14
Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Vitalis Bawontuo, Doris Ningwiebe Dumah, Joseph Maaminu Kyilleh, Tolgou Yempabe
BACKGROUND: One of the non-communicable diseases which is on the rise is type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is largely preventable with healthy lifestyle. We therefore conducted this study to explore premorbid perception of risk, behavioural practices and the coping strategies of patients with T2D. METHODS: Using descriptive phenomenology approach to qualitative enquiry, we conducted eight focus group discussions (N = 73) with diabetic patients; four among males (N = 36) and four among females (N = 37)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901487/a-core-set-of-outcome-measures-for-adults-with-neurologic-conditions-undergoing-rehabilitation-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#15
Jennifer L Moore, Kirsten Potter, Kathleen Blankshain, Sandra L Kaplan, Linda C OʼDwyer, Jane E Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Use of outcome measures (OMs) in adult neurologic physical therapy is essential for monitoring changes in a patient's status over time, quantifying observations and patient-reported function, enhancing communication, and increasing the efficiency of patient care. OMs also provide a mechanism to compare patient and organizational outcomes, examine intervention effectiveness, and generate new knowledge. This clinical practice guideline (CPG) examined the literature related to OMs of balance, gait, transfers, and patient-stated goals to identify a core set of OMs for use across adults with neurologic conditions and practice settings...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901264/proteomics-based-investigations-of-neglected-and-tropical-diseases
#16
EDITORIAL
Sanjeeva Srivastava
This special issue focusing on proteomics-based investigations of neglected and tropical diseases has eight published articles of which five are research articles and three reviews and viewpoints articles. The idea of this special issue was originated in 14th Human Proteome Organization World Congress (HUPO 2015) in Vancouver during a discussion session of Human Infectious Diseases (HID) group meeting as part of HUPO's flagship project on Human Proteome Project (HPP). This session was well attended by the scientists working on infectious diseases as well as editor of Proteomics Clinical Applications, and constructive discussions led to the culmination of this special issue...
June 14, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900563/microbiota-and-dose-response-evolving-paradigm-of-health-triangle
#17
Margaret Coleman, Christopher Elkins, Bradford Gutting, Emmanuel Mongodin, Gloria Solano-Aguilar, Isabel Walls
SRA Dose-Response and Microbial Risk Analysis Specialty Groups jointly sponsored symposia that addressed the intersections between the "microbiome revolution" and dose response. Invited speakers presented on innovations and advances in gut and nasal microbiota (normal microbial communities) in the first decade after the Human Microbiome Project began. The microbiota and their metabolites are now known to influence health and disease directly and indirectly, through modulation of innate and adaptive immune systems and barrier function...
June 13, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899802/to-seek-or-not-to-seek-advice-talking-about-romantic-issues-during-emerging-adulthood
#18
Semira Tagliabue, Maria Giulia Olivari, Cristina Giuliani, Emanuela Confalonieri
The aim of the study was to explore whether and how emerging adults talk about their romantic relationships with their close others, especially their parents and friends, also considering gender differences. Data were collected via eight single-sex focus groups conducted with 50 Italian emerging adults (aged 18-25), and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Two main themes emerged. The first was labeled "to seek advice", which was divided into three subthemes: "I look for different points of view," "I treasure other people's words," and "I listen and then do it my own way...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897910/the-virtual-spine-platform-acquiring-visualizing-and-analyzing-individual-sitting-behavior
#19
Stephen Jia Wang, Björn Sommer, Wenlong Cheng, Falk Schreiber
Back pain is a serious medical problem especially for those people sitting over long periods during their daily work. Here we present a system to help users monitoring and examining their sitting behavior. The Virtual-Spine Platform (VSP) is an integrated system consisting of a real-time body position monitoring module and a data visualization module to provide individualized, immediate, and accurate sitting behavior support. It provides a comprehensive spine movement analysis as well as accumulated data visualization to demonstrate behavior patterns within a certain period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897473/return-to-duty-practices-of-army-behavioral-health-providers-in-garrison
#20
Coleen Crouch, Justin M Curley, Jamie T Carreno, Joshua E Wilk
Introduction: While combat readiness is a top priority for the U.S. Army, there is concern that behavioral health (BH) return to duty (RTD) practices may under-represent the number of soldiers available for deployment. Profiling, the official administrative process by which medical duty limitations are communicated to commanders, was recently found to be significantly under-reporting BH readiness levels in one Army Division. This is a safety issue in addition to a readiness problem, and underscores the importance of better understanding RTD practices in order to offer solutions...
June 11, 2018: Military Medicine
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