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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504040/facebook-addiction-and-loneliness-in-the-post-graduate-students-of-a-university-in-southern-india
#1
Manoj Shettar, Ravichandra Karkal, Anil Kakunje, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Vv Mohan Chandran
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a social networking site (SNS) for communication, entertainment and information exchange. Recent research has shown that excessive use of Facebook can result in addictive behavior in some individuals. AIM: To assess the patterns of Facebook use in post-graduate students of Yenepoya University and evaluate its association with loneliness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done to evaluate 100 post-graduate students of Yenepoya University using Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale version 3...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503159/quantifying-the-degree-of-movement-dissimilarity-between-two-distinct-action-scenarios-an-exploratory-approach-with-procrustes-analysis
#2
Pedro Passos, Tania Campos, Ana Diniz
Game consoles allow subjects to perform movements which are visually similar to the movements performed in 'real' world scenarios. Beyond entertainment, virtual reality devices are being used in several domains: sports performance; motor rehabilitation; training of risk professions. This article presents the Procrustes method to measure the degree of dissimilarity between movements performed in 'real' and 'virtual' scenarios. For this purpose, the 501 darts game and a video darts game played on a console were used...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502515/lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-in-all-siblings-of-the-same-parents
#3
James J Maciejko, Premchand Anne, Saleem Raza, Hernando J Lyons
We present 4 normal-weight sibling children with lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D). LAL-D was considered in the differential diagnosis based on the absence of secondary causes and primary inherited traits for their marked hyperlipidemia, together with unexplained hepatic transaminase elevation. Residual lysosomal acid lipase activity confirmed the diagnosis. DNA sequencing of LIPA indicated that the siblings were compound heterozygotes (c.894G>A and c.428+1G>A). This case describes the unusual occurrence of all offspring from the same nonconsanguineous mother and father inheriting compound heterozygosity of a recessive trait and the identification of an apparently unique LIPA mutation (c...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498339/easy-and-fast-reconstruction-of-a-3d-avatar-with-an-rgb-d-sensor
#4
Aihua Mao, Hong Zhang, Yuxin Liu, Yinglong Zheng, Guiqing Li, Guoqiang Han
This paper proposes a new easy and fast 3D avatar reconstruction method using an RGB-D sensor. Users can easily implement human body scanning and modeling just with a personal computer and a single RGB-D sensor such as a Microsoft Kinect within a small workspace in their home or office. To make the reconstruction of 3D avatars easy and fast, a new data capture strategy is proposed for efficient human body scanning, which captures only 18 frames from six views with a close scanning distance to fully cover the body; meanwhile, efficient alignment algorithms are presented to locally align the data frames in the single view and then globally align them in multi-views based on pairwise correspondence...
May 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492110/characteristics-of-influential-peers-in-the-eyes-of-secondary-school-students-a-mixed-method-study
#5
Alice Y Loke, Yim-Wah Mak, Cynthia S T Wu
Aim It is the aim of this study to explore the characteristics of influential peers identified by schoolmates, and the mechanism by which they exert their influence on their peers. BACKGROUND: Adolescent crowds are a salient influence on the health-risk behaviors of peers, contributing to adolescent substance use such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and taking drugs. METHODS: A mixed method study. Three schools granted us access to students and those who had been nominated as influential by their peers...
May 11, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486054/beyond-the-page-a-process-review-of-using-ethnodrama-to-disseminate-research-findings
#6
Jamilah Taylor, Emily Namey, Annette Carrington Johnson, Greg Guest
Public health researchers are charged with communicating study findings to appropriate audiences. Dissemination activities typically target the academic research community. However, as participatory research grows, researchers are increasingly exploring innovative dissemination techniques to reach broader audiences, particularly research participants and their communities. One technique is ethnodrama/ethnotheatre, a written or live performance based on study findings. Though used effectively in social change programs, dramas are seldom used to distribute research findings exclusively...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479082/pilot-testing-a-digital-pet-avatar-for-older-adults
#7
Nai-Ching Chi, Olivia Sparks, Shih-Yin Lin, Amanda Lazar, Hilaire J Thompson, George Demiris
Social isolation in older adults is a major public health concern. An embodied conversational agent (ECA) has the potential to enhance older adults' social interaction. However, little is known about older adults' experience with an ECA. In this paper, we conducted a pilot study to examine the perceived acceptance and utility of a tablet-based conversational agent in the form of an avatar (termed "digital pet") for older adults. We performed secondary analysis of data collected from a study that employed the use of a digital pet in ten older adults' homes for three months...
May 4, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469289/self-disclosure-on-sns-do-disclosure-intimacy-and-narrativity-influence-interpersonal-closeness-and-social-attraction
#8
Ruoyun Lin, Sonja Utz
On social media, users can easily share their feelings, thoughts, and experiences with the public, including people who they have no previous interaction with. Such information, though often embedded in a stream of others' news, may influence recipients' perception toward the discloser. We used a special design that enables a quasi-experience of SNS browsing, and examined if browsing other's posts in a news stream can create a feeling of familiarity and (even) closeness toward the discloser. In addition, disclosure messages can vary in the degree of intimacy (from superficial to intimate) and narrativity (from a random blather to a story-like narrative)...
May 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467762/is-a-blanket-elective-single-embryo-transfer-policy-defensible
#9
REVIEW
Eli Y Adashi, Norbert Gleicher
For the purpose of reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity, elective single transfer (eSET) in in vitro fertilization (IVF) was first proposed in 1999. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent oral debate between a proponent and an opponent of expanded eSET utilization in an attempt to determine whether a blanket eSET policy, as is increasingly considered, is defensible. While eSET is preferable when possible, and agreed upon by provider and patient, selective double embryo transfer (DET) must be seriously entertained if deemed more appropriate or is desired by the patient...
April 28, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464546/development-and-pilot-testing-of-multimedia-patient-education-tools-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-osteoporosis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Aparna Ingleshwar, Robert J Volk, Maria Jibaja-Weiss, Andrea Barbo, Kenneth Saag, Amye Leong, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested multimedia patient education tools (video tools) for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), osteoporosis (OP) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We followed an "edutainment" model, incorporating educational patient story lines. The goals were designed to make the programs both didactic and entertaining, with navigation and graphical user interfaces as simple as possible. We created both English and Spanish-language versions...
May 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461963/distal-biceps-tendon-injuries-a-clinically-relevant-current-concepts-review
#11
Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Andrew T Assenmacher, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo
Distal biceps tendon (DBT) conditions comprise a spectrum of disorders including bicipitoradial bursitis, partial tears, acute and chronic complete tears.In low-demand patients with complete DBT tears, non-operative treatment may be entertained provided the patient understands the potential for residual weakness, particularly in forearm supination.Most acute tears are best treated by primary repair using either single-incision or double-incision techniques with good clinical outcomes.Single-incision techniques may carry a higher risk of nerve-related complications, whereas double-incision techniques have historically been considered to carry a higher risk of heterotopic ossification, particularly if the ulna is exposed...
September 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461429/-not-to-escape-the-world-but-to-join-it-responding-to-climate-change-with-imagination-not-fantasy
#12
Andrew Davison
The work of climate scientists, demonstrating human-driven climate change, has not provoked the widespread and far-reaching changes to human behaviour necessary to avert potentially catastrophic environmental trajectories. This work has not yet sufficiently been able to engage the individual and collective imagination. Drawing on Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) and Iris Murdoch (1919-1999), we can distinguish two modes under which the human imagination can operate: in Murdoch's terms, these are 'imagination' and 'fantasy'...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459835/energy-expenditure-and-affect-responses-to-different-types-of-active-video-game-and-exercise
#13
Javier Monedero, Enda E Murphy, Donal J O'Gorman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare entertainment-themed active video game (AVG) and fitness-themed AVG play with traditional exercise to examine the interaction between physiological and psychological responses. METHODS: Participants (N = 23) were randomly assigned to 30-min of (i) self-selected intensity exercise (SS-EX), (ii) moderate intensity exercise (MOD-EX), (iii) entertainment-themed video game (ET-VG) and (iv) fitness-themed video game (FT-VG)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458093/working-memory-capacity-and-mind-wandering-during-low-demand-cognitive-tasks
#14
Matthew K Robison, Nash Unsworth
Individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) typically predict reduced rates of mind-wandering during laboratory tasks (Randall, Oswald, & Beier, 2014). However, some studies have shown a positive relationship between WMC and mind-wandering during particularly low-demand tasks (Levinson, Smallwood, & Davidson, 2012; Rummel & Boywitt, 2014; Zavagnin, Borella, & De Beni, 2014). More specifically, Baird, Smallwood, and Schooler (2011) found that when individuals with greater WMC do mind-wander, they tend entertain more future-oriented thoughts...
April 27, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451851/obesity-associated-hypertension-the-upcoming-phenotype-in-african-american-women
#15
REVIEW
Rohan Samson, Andrea Qi, Abhishek Jaiswal, Thierry H Le Jemtel, Suzanne Oparil
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present obesity epidemic particularly affects African-American women. Whether the obesity epidemic will alter the hypertension phenotype in African-American women is entertained. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of morbid obesity is steadily increasing in African-American women, who are prone to developing hypertension (HTN) even in the absence of obesity. The obesity-associated hypertension phenotype is characterized by marked sympathetic nervous system activation and resistance/refractoriness to antihypertensive therapy...
May 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449667/depression-psychological-distress-and-internet-use-among-community-based-australian-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Erin Hoare, Karen Milton, Charlie Foster, Steven Allender
BACKGROUND: There has been rapid increase in time spent using Internet as a platform for entertainment, socialising and information sourcing. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between duration of time spent using Internet for leisure, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress among Australian adolescents. METHODS: Depressive symptoms were indicated by the youth self-report module from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Version IV criteria, and psychological distress was measured by Kessler Psychological Distress scale...
April 27, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442405/the-effect-of-active-video-games-on-cognitive-functioning-in-clinical-and-non-clinical-populations-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Emma Stanmore, Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Eling D de Bruin, Joseph Firth
Physically-active video games ('exergames') have recently gained popularity for leisure and entertainment purposes. Using exergames to combine physical activity and cognitively-demanding tasks may offer a novel strategy to improve cognitive functioning. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to establish effects of exergames on overall cognition and specific cognitive domains in clinical and non-clinical populations. We identified 17 eligible RCTs with cognitive outcome data for 926 participants...
April 23, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440068/correlates-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-among-patrons-of-licensed-venues-in-australia
#18
Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The current study aimed to examine the association between patron demographics and substance use, and experiences of verbal and physical aggressive incidents within the last 3 months among patrons of night-time entertainment precincts (NEP) in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (n = 4216) were conducted around licensed venues in the NEPs of five Australian cities. Seven correlates of verbal and physical aggressive incidents were examined: gender, age, occupation, blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use in the current session...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435919/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Jessica Figueroa, John G DeVine
Review the current literature regarding spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas (SSEHs) and report on the known risk factors, evaluation, and treatment of this rare entity. A literature search was performed using PubMed and Ovid to identify articles pertaining to SSEHs. Due to the rarity of the pathologic entity, only scattered case reports and associated reviews are available. SSEHs are a rare yet potentially life-altering event. The underlying risk factors are poorly understood, and SSEHs present with minimal or no antecedent trauma...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435769/gambling-behavior-among-macau-college-and-university-students
#20
Sut Mei Kam, Irene Lai Kuen Wong, Ernest Moon Tong So, David Kin Cheong Un, Chris Hon Wa Chan
This survey investigated gambling behavior among Chinese students studying in Macau colleges and universities. It also aimed to examine the relationship between problem gambling, affect states and sensation seeking propensity. A convenience sample of 999 students (370 men, 629 women) filled a self-administered questionnaire consisted of the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) (Ferris and Wynne in The Canadian problem gambling index: User manual. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, Toronto 2001a), the 8-item Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS-8) (Hoyle et al...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
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