Read by QxMD icon Read


Nasim Bahrami, Masoumeh Sibmar, William M Bukowski, AbouAli Vedadhir, Bianca Panarello
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify factors that promote and impede other-sex (OS) friendships in adolescent girls. METHODS: A qualitative study conducted with 20 adolescent girls recruited in public places in Tehran, Iran. Information was collected through semi-structured interviews and coded via the conventional qualitative content analysis approach. RESULTS: Four factors were identified that appeared to promote entry into OS friendships...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Simon A Moss, Melanie Irons, Martin Boland
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lecturers often present entertaining videos, or organize a variety of amusing demonstrations, to foster student engagement or to encourage critical analysis. Magic tricks, in particular, have been shown to activate neural circuits that underpin motivation or problem-solving and, therefore, could be beneficial during lectures. Nevertheless, we hypothesize that, unless the method that underpins these tricks is revealed, students may ruminate over possible explanations, distracting attention from the lecture material...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Sonja Vogt, Nadia Ahmed Mohmmed Zaid, Hilal El Fadil Ahmed, Ernst Fehr, Charles Efferson
As globalization brings people with incompatible attitudes into contact, cultural conflicts inevitably arise. Little is known about how to mitigate conflict and about how the conflicts that occur can shape the cultural evolution of the groups involved. Female genital cutting is a prominent example. Governments and international agencies have promoted the abandonment of cutting for decades, but the practice remains widespread with associated health risks for millions of girls and women. In their efforts to end cutting, international agents have often adopted the view that cutting is locally pervasive and entrenched...
October 12, 2016: Nature
James Whitworth, Brian Stausbøl-Grøn, Anne-Bine Skytte
When faced with an unusual clinical feature in a patient with a Mendelian disorder, the clinician may entertain the possibilities of either the feature representing a novel manifestation of that disorder or the co-existence of a different inherited condition. Here we describe an individual with a submandibular oncocytoma, pulmonary bullae and renal cysts as well as multiple cerebral cavernous malformations and haemangiomas. Genetic investigations revealed constitutional mutations in FLCN, associated with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) and CCM2, associated with familial cerebral cavernous malformation...
October 8, 2016: Familial Cancer
Sarah J Moore, Omid Rashidipour, Ronald B Moore
This male patient presented with a scrotal abscess and urinary obstruction. The patient's history included a perineal abscess and the development of urethrocutaneous fistulae (watering-can perineum). He underwent multiple debridement procedures without resolution. During the fifth debridement for Fournier's gangrene, a biopsy revealed invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The patient was bedridden because of the large mass, a wide en bloc resection with lymphadenectomy and reconstruction was performed revealing a large (22 cm) squamous cell carcinoma originating from the urethra...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Jenny My Huen, Eliza Sy Lai, Angie Ky Shum, Sam Wk So, Melissa Ky Chan, Paul Wc Wong, Y W Law, Paul Sf Yip
BACKGROUND: Digital game-based learning (DGBL) makes use of the entertaining power of digital games for educational purposes. Effectiveness assessment of DGBL programs has been underexplored and no attempt has been made to simultaneously model both important components of DGBL: learning attainment (ie, educational purposes of DGBL) and engagement of users (ie, entertaining power of DGBL) in evaluating program effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe and evaluate an Internet-based DGBL program, Professor Gooley and the Flame of Mind, which promotes mental health to adolescents in a positive youth development approach...
October 7, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
F Xavier Castellanos, Yuta Aoki
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) without an explicit task, i.e., resting state fMRI, of individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is growing rapidly. Early studies were unaware of the vulnerability of this method to even minor degrees of head motion, a major concern in the field. Recent efforts are implementing various strategies to address this source of artifact along with a growing set of analytical tools. Availability of the ADHD-200 Consortium dataset, a large-scale multi-site repository, is facilitating increasingly sophisticated approaches...
May 2016: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Bellal Joseph, David G Armstrong
Recently, the layering of augmented reality information on top of smartphone applications has created unprecedented user engagement and popularity. One augmented reality-based entertainment application, Pokémon Go (Pokémon Company, Tokyo, Japan) has become the most rapidly downloaded in history. This technology holds tremendous promise to promote ambulatory activity. However, there exists the obvious potential for distraction-related morbidity. We report two cases, presenting simultaneously to our trauma center, with injuries sustained secondary to gameplay with this augmented reality-based application...
October 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
David M Dozier, Wayne A Beach, Kyle Gutzmer, Aileen Yagade
Entertainment-education (E-E) assumes that actors performing content should be ethnically and culturally homogeneous with targeted audiences. The present study challenges this basic E-E assumption. Findings are presented from audience members who viewed When Cancer Calls… This theatrical production was constructed from verbatim transcriptions of naturally occurring telephone conversations between White family members as they communicated about and through their cancer journey. Non-White audience members were significantly more likely than White audience members to (a) regard the performance as authentic, (b) find it would influence "people like me," and (c) recommend the production to others...
October 6, 2016: Health Communication
Phil Hubbard, Rachela Colosi
The night-time economy is often described as repelling consumers fearful of the 'undesirable Others' imagined dominant within such time-spaces. In this paper we explore this by describing attitudes towards, and reactions to, one particularly contentious site: the 'lap dance' club. Often targeted by campaigners in England and Wales as a source of criminality and anti-sociality, in this paper we shift the focus from fear to disgust, and argue that Sexual Entertainment Venues (SEVs) are opposed on the basis of moral judgments that reflect distinctions of both class and gender...
November 2015: Sociological Review
Fernando Winckler Simor, Manoela Rogofski Brum, Jaison Dairon Ebertz Schmidt, Rafael Rieder, Ana Carolina Bertoletti De Marchi
BACKGROUND: Gestural interaction systems are increasingly being used, mainly in games, expanding the idea of entertainment and providing experiences with the purpose of promoting better physical and/or mental health. Therefore, it is necessary to establish mechanisms for evaluating the usability of these interfaces, which make gestures the basis of interaction, to achieve a balance between functionality and ease of use. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to present the results of a systematic review focused on usability evaluation methods for gesture-based games, considering devices with motion-sensing capability...
October 4, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
Romain Grandchamp, Arnaud Delorme
Recent theoretical and technological advances in neuroimaging techniques now allow brain electrical activity to be recorded using affordable and user-friendly equipment for nonscientist end-users. An increasing number of educators and artists have begun using electroencephalogram (EEG) to control multimedia and live artistic contents. In this paper, we introduce a new concept based on brain computer interface (BCI) technologies: the Brainarium. The Brainarium is a new pedagogical and artistic tool, which can deliver and illustrate scientific knowledge, as well as a new framework for scientific exploration...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Borim Ryu, Seok Kim, Kee-Hyuck Lee, Hee Hwang, Sooyoung Yoo
OBJECTIVE: Bedside stations, also known as bedside terminals, are in place to enhance the quality and experience of a hospital's healthcare service delivery. The purpose of this study was to identify information needs and overall satisfaction with the personalized patient bedside system, called Smart Bedside Station (SBS) system, embedded in a tertiary general university hospital. METHODS: End-user responses on the satisfaction survey and system usage logs of the SBS system were collected and analyzed...
November 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Salmah Bahri, Kah Seng Lee, Mohammad Aswady Adenan, Muthu Kumar Murugiah, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Chin Fen Neoh, Chiau Ming Long
In an effort to enhance public awareness, we develop Dikir Farmasi as an innovative approach to deliver health information. Dikir Farmasi combines the elements of dikir barat (a type of traditional folk song rhythm) and traditional sketches which are popular in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia. These sketches and dikir barat rhythmic songs, with lyrics touch on issues such as drug abuse and regulation are presented in an entertaining and humorous way. Health promotion messages are disseminated using Dikir Farmasi in the form of compact disks, video compact disks, stage performance, exhibition, social media, printed media (signboard, brochure and flyer)...
September 1, 2016: Arts & Health
Courtney E Sutherland, Toban Dvoretzky, Nicholas J Solomos
Wedgies-the upward yanking of another's underpants from the rear to wedge them between the buttocks-can be administered playfully, maliciously, or adventurously; at forces ranging from gentle to "atomic"; and with or without the foreknowledge or consent of the recipient. Wedgies have been documented anecdotally in the popular Internet literature, with chief emphasis on their sensation-seeking or momentary entertainment value to the giver and recipient. Most participants are typically young; however, we report the case of a 50-year-old man who sustained chronic, painless radiculitis after he received an unanticipated wedgie of moderate force...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Gordon Lee Gillespie, Tracy Pritchard, Karen Bankston, Jasmine Burno, Greer Glazer
BACKGROUND: The lack of diversity in the nursing profession could be an outcome of unconscious biases. Forums allowing the personal reflection and discourse of these unconscious biases are needed in order for a diverse and inclusive learning environment to exist. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of students, staff, faculty members, and guests participating in a forum on diversity and inclusion. METHODS: An exploratory design was used to understand the experiences of college of nursing students, staff, faculty members, and guests who participated in a diversity and inclusion intervention sponsored by the college of nursing's Diversity Advisory Council...
August 30, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
Gretchen Sisson, Katrina Kimport
CONTEXT: Popular entertainment may reflect and produce-as well as potentially contest-stigma regarding abortion provision. Knowledge of how providers are portrayed on-screen is needed to improve understanding of how depictions may contribute to the stigmatization of real providers. METHODS: All abortion provision plotlines on American television from 2005 to 2014 were identified through Internet searches. Plotlines were assessed in their entirety and coded for genre, abortion provision space, provider characteristics, method and efficacy of provision, and occurrence of violence...
September 29, 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Carole Vuillerot, D Vincent-Genod, G Thomann, J Coton
OBJECTIVE: Physiotherapists are demanding of valid outcome measures to assess the evolution of their patient's motor functions in order to precisely describe the effects of treatments and the progress of diseases. Hence, several scales such as the motor function measure (MFM) have been developed with the aim to measure, with validity and reproducibility and sensitivity, the motor functions of patients with neuromuscular disease. The originality of our approach is to quantitatively measure the children's motor functions with a low-cost, non-invasive and plug and play technological tool that avoid the uncertain characteristic of human evaluation and increase children's involvement...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Patricia Menéndez, Kypros Kypri, Don Weatherburn
AIMS: To determine whether restrictions on the availability of alcohol in two inner city entertainment areas in Sydney, Australia (1) reduced the incidence of assault in those areas (2) increased the incidence of assault in nearby areas (where the restrictions did not apply) (3) resulted in a net reduction in overall levels of assault (4) and/or whether the reductions in assault were most pronounced during the daily time periods when liquor trading restrictions were in operation. DESIGN: Structural time series modelling was used to estimate and compare trends in assault in areas/times affected by the new restrictions on alcohol availability with trends in assault in areas unaffected by the new restrictions...
September 23, 2016: Addiction
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"