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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909930/relationship-between-religious-belief-and-happiness-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908963/anomalous-mesenteric-vessel-a-rare-etiology-of-intermittent-partial-small-bowel-obstruction
#2
Natasha Hansraj, Shannon M Larabee, Kimberly M Lumpkins
We report a case of an 11-year with recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and vomiting. Diagnostic laparoscopy during a severe episode demonstrated an anomalous blood vessel incompletely encircling the bowel, leading to transient partial small bowel obstruction. This likely represents a remnant vessel from the omphalomesenteric duct. Recurrent abdominal pain and vomiting in the pediatric population requires careful history and physical exam, and a willingness to entertain unusual diagnoses.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906020/targeting-vulnerable-populations-a-synthetic-review-on-alcohol-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-migrant-populations
#3
REVIEW
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899725/why-good-teaching-evaluations-may-reward-bad-teaching-on-grade-inflation-and-other-unintended-consequences-of-student-evaluations
#4
Wolfgang Stroebe
In this article, I address the paradox that university grade point averages have increased for decades, whereas the time students invest in their studies has decreased. I argue that one major contributor to this paradox is grading leniency, encouraged by the practice of university administrators to base important personnel decisions on student evaluations of teaching. Grading leniency creates strong incentives for instructors to teach in ways that would result in good student evaluations. Because many instructors believe that the average student prefers courses that are entertaining, require little work, and result in high grades, they feel under pressure to conform to those expectations...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896712/applications-of-accelerators-and-radiation-sources-in-the-field-of-space-research-and-industry
#5
REVIEW
Luigi Campajola, Francesco Di Capua
Beyond their important economic role in commercial communications, satellites in general are critical infrastructure because of the services they provide. In addition to satellites providing information which facilitates a better understanding of the space environment and improved performance of physics experiments, satellite observations are also used to actively monitor weather, geological processes, agricultural development and the evolution of natural and man-made hazards. Defence agencies depend on satellite services for communication in remote locations, as well as for reconnaissance and intelligence...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896612/why-tu-youyou-makes-less-money-than-zhang-ziyi
#6
Qinghui Suo, Yang Liu, Daming Zhang
Scientists normally earn less money than many other professions which require a similar amount of training and qualification. The economic theory of marginal utility and cost-benefit analysis can be applied to explain this phenomenon. Although scientists make less money than entertainment stars, the scientists do research work out of their interest and they also enjoy a much higher reputation and social status in some countries.
November 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896390/-assisted-suicide-in-the-movies-what-is-not-shown
#7
Kurt W Schmidt
Whereas changes to the existing legal situation regarding assisted suicide have been a topic of controversial debate in Germany for the last few years, this issue has long been of interest for international film-makers. Since the mid-1980s, the theme of assisted suicide has repeatedly been taken up by cinema, predominantly as central to a relationship drama. A sick person asks somebody close to them for help. Often this somebody is a physician or a nurse, ultimately an obvious way of solving the practical problem of how the assistant is to gain access to a lethal substance...
November 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887830/drugs-of-abuse-and-their-metabolites-in-the-urban-rivers-of-beijing-china-occurrence-distribution-and-potential-environmental-risk
#8
Yan Zhang, Tingting Zhang, Changsheng Guo, Jiapei Lv, Zhendong Hua, Song Hou, Yuan Zhang, Wei Meng, Jian Xu
The occurrence and distribution of five drugs of abuse and their metabolites, namely, methamphetamine (METH), amphetamine (AMP), ketamine (KET), ephedrine (EPH), and hydroxylimine (HY), were investigated in the surface water in urban rivers in Beijing, China. A total of 117 surface water samples were collected from the seven rivers in the Beijing urban areas during four different seasons. Laboratory analyses revealed that EPH and METH were the most predominant drugs, with detection frequency ranging from 94% to 100% and from 65% to 100%, respectively...
November 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886726/what-fosters-concern-for-inequality-among-american-adolescents
#9
Erin A Cech
Understanding cultural beliefs about social and economic inequality is vital to discerning the roadblocks and pathways to addressing that inequality. The foundation of concern for inequality is laid during adolescence, yet scholars understand little about the factors that influence whether and how adolescents come to express such concern. Arguing that structural and cultural contexts are just as consequential as whether adolescents themselves are members of disadvantaged groups, I draw on four theoretical perspectives to identify factors that influence adolescents' concern for addressing inequality: the underdog thesis, intergroup contact theory, the education enlightens thesis, and ideological buttressing...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882023/effects-of-bisoprolol-in-combination-with-trimetazidine-on-the-treatment-of-heart-failure-and-concomitant-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Yuanyuan Ke, Dingli Xu, Minxiong Li, Zenglong Wu, Yongpeng Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of bisoprolol combined with trimetazidine on the treatment of heart failure patients having concomitant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); in comparison with control group treated with standard therapy only. METHODS: A total of 120 heart failure patients having concomitant COPD were selected and randomly divided into a control group and a treatment group according to different treatment methods (n=60). The control group was given continuous low flow oxygen inhalation and inotropic agents, and their cardiac stress was also reduced...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881496/penetrating-intracranial-injury-caused-by-an-unusual-home-made-iron-pyrotechnic-device
#11
Slobodan Nikolić, Vladimir Živković
Herein, a potentially dangerous explosive home-made device used for fun and entertainment is described. It consists of two iron parts connected with a U-shaped thick wire: a wedge about 8 cm in length, which fits into a hollow cylinder, filled with a small amount of nitre (the mineral form of potassium nitrate). Striking the device onto a hard surface creates a spark inside it, which burns the nitre, producing a very loud bang. We are in possession of such device in our forensic museum collection. We present a case from 1937 related to the use of this explosive home-made device...
November 23, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876032/self-control-and-problematic-mobile-phone-use-in-chinese-college-students-the-mediating-role-of-mobile-phone-use-patterns
#12
Zhaocai Jiang, Xiuxin Zhao
BACKGROUND: With the popularity of mobile phones, problematic mobile phone use is getting increasing attention in recent years. Although self-control was found to be a critical predictor of problematic mobile phone use, no study has ever explored the association between self-control and mobile phone use patterns as well as the possible pathway how self-control affects problematic mobile phone use. METHODS: Four hundred sixty-eight college students were randomly selected in this study...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872657/a-pilot-test-of-the-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-narrative-and-non-narrative-health-education-materials-in-a-low-health-literacy-population
#13
Meghan Bridgid Moran, Lauren B Frank, Joyee S Chatterjee, Sheila T Murphy, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
Although entertainment-education narratives are increasingly being used to communicate health information to a diversity of populations, there is limited evidence examining the use of narrative health education videos in low compared with adequate health literacy populations. There are also very few studies directly comparing narrative materials to more traditional, non-narrative materials. Because individuals with low health literacy are less likely than those with adequate health literacy to benefit from health communication interventions, it is especially important to develop an evidence base supporting the use of narrative health education materials in low literacy populations...
2016: Journal of Communication in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871185/interventions-that-increase-the-intention-to-seek-voluntary-hiv-testing-in-young-people-a-review
#14
Kelly Feist Bumgarner, Jennifer Pharr, Mark Buttner, Echezona Ezeanolue
Young people 15-24 years old represent 39% of new HIV infections globally. However, they are the least likely age demographic to seek HIV testing and the most likely to be unaware of their HIV status. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to identify interventions that increase either rates of HIV testing or intentions to seek HIV testing in young people 10-24 years old. In total, 1601 manuscripts were systematically examined and five manuscripts were included in the final review. Two common themes identified in the interventions were education and test delivery methods...
November 22, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867664/the-case-for-musical-instrument-training-in-cerebral-palsy-for-neurorehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Ana Alves-Pinto, Varvara Turova, Tobias Blumenstein, Renée Lampe
Recent imaging studies in cerebral palsy (CP) have described several brain structural changes, functional alterations, and neuroplastic processes that take place after brain injury during early development. These changes affect motor pathways as well as sensorimotor networks. Several of these changes correlate with behavioral measures of motor and sensory disability. It is now widely acknowledged that management of sensory deficits is relevant for rehabilitation in CP. Playing a musical instrument demands the coordination of hand movements with integrated auditory, visual, and tactile feedback, in a process that recruits multiple brain regions...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853036/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-misdiagnosed-as-sputum-negative-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#16
Muhammad Danasabe Isah, Aminu Abbas, Abdullahi A Abba, Mohammed Umar
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), also known as cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, is one of a spectrum of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. IPF is an increasingly common condition which poses many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges leading to misdiagnosis and mismanagement. We presented a 55-year-old male textile trader who was initially managed as sputum-negative pulmonary tuberculosis before histology report. He presented to our clinic with Breathlessness and cough of 3 years and 2.5 years, respectively...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837014/concerns-with-entertainment-education-zombie-pandemic-preparedness-and-the-unanticipated-promotion-of-a-weapons-culture
#17
Frank Houghton, Jeremy Toms, Ghazal Meratnia, Krista Loney, Edward Hopkins, Katie Del Monte
Entertainment-education has proved to be an engaging medium through which to explore health and social issues in populations. Given the popularity of the zombie theme in popular culture it is no surprise therefore that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopted this theme in an effort to engage youth and young adults in emergency preparedness. However, an earlier observational study involving elementary school children based on this premise raised concerns that it may have unexpectedly promoted a focus on firearms...
November 10, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832389/efficacy-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-interventions-targeting-female-entertainment-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Olive N Y Cheung, Mee Lian Wong
Female entertainment workers (FEWs) working in karaoke lounges, bars, pubs, nightclubs, discotheques, dance halls, massage parlours, restaurants (as hostesses or singers) and beer gardens are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI). The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of HIV/STI intervention programmes targeting FEWs. Among the 14 included studies, majority were in Asia and targeted native FEWs. Most studies were quasi-experimental and the overall quality was relatively low...
November 10, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832092/a-no-reference-adaptive-blockiness-measure-for-jpeg-compressed-images
#19
Chaoying Tang, Biao Wang
Digital images have been extensively used in education, research, and entertainment. Many of these images, taken by consumer cameras, are compressed by the JPEG algorithm for effective storage and transmission. Blocking artifact is a well-known problem caused by this algorithm. Effective measurement of blocking artifacts plays an important role in the design, optimization, and evaluation of image compression algorithms. In this paper, we propose a no-reference objective blockiness measure, which is adaptive to high frequency component in an image...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831874/content-adaptive-sketch-portrait-generation-by-decompositional-representation-learning
#20
Dongyu Zhang, Liang Lin, Tianshui Chen, Xian Wu, Wenwei Tan, Ebroul Izquierdo
Sketch portrait generation benefits a wide range of applications such as digital entertainment and law enforcement. Although plenty of efforts have been dedicated to this task, several issues still remain unsolved for generating vivid and detail-preserving personal sketch portraits. For example, quite a few artifacts may exist in synthesizing hairpins and glasses, and textural details may be lost in the regions of hair or mustache. Moreover, the generalization ability of current systems is somewhat limited since they usually require elaborately collecting a dictionary of examples or carefully tuning features/components...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
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