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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691205/developing-sustainable-and-impactful-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-interventions-for-spanish-speaking-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-informative-interviews
#1
Jason Mitchell, Maria Beatriz Torres, Lucy Asmar, Thu Danh, Keith J Horvath
BACKGROUND: Although many men who have sex with men (MSM) test for HIV at least once in their lifetime, opportunities to improve regular HIV testing, particularly among Hispanic or Latino MSM, is needed. Many mHealth interventions in development, including the ones on HIV testing, have primarily focused on English-speaking white, black, and MSM of other races. To date, no studies have assessed app use, attitudes, and motivations for downloading and sustaining use of mobile apps and preferences with respect to HIV prevention among Spanish-speaking, Hispanic MSM in the United States...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686255/presence-and-user-experience-in-a-virtual-environment-under-the-influence-of-ethanol-an-explorative-study
#2
Mario Lorenz, Jennifer Brade, Lisa Diamond, Daniel Sjölie, Marc Busch, Manfred Tscheligi, Philipp Klimant, Christoph-E Heyde, Niels Hammer
Virtual Reality (VR) is used for a variety of applications ranging from entertainment to psychological medicine. VR has been demonstrated to influence higher order cognitive functions and cortical plasticity, with implications on phobia and stroke treatment. An integral part for successful VR is a high sense of presence - a feeling of 'being there' in the virtual scenario. The underlying cognitive and perceptive functions causing presence in VR scenarios are however not completely known. It is evident that the brain function is influenced by drugs, such as ethanol, potentially confounding cortical plasticity, also in VR...
April 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685193/is-the-glass-half-empty-or-half-full-a-novel-philosophical-approach-to-the-mystery-of-the-so-called-ferrule-effect
#3
Minos Stavridakis, Yiannis Brokos, Ivo Krejci
The prognosis of endodontically treated teeth has traditionally been associated with the presence of the so-called ferrule effect that is generally related with the presence of a minimum of 1-2 mm of sound tooth structure at the cervical area of parallel axial walls that totally encircle the tooth. Even though all of these factors are well desired, one should question if their absence should condemn a tooth and compel extraction as the only logical treatment plan option. For this reason an hypothesis is being formed that associates the aforementioned factors not with the presence of the so-called ferrule effect, but rather with the resistance form of the preparation that is being provided by the sound tooth structure at the cervical area of the tooth...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673381/mobile-link-a-theory-based-messaging-intervention-for-improving-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Dallas Swendenman, Kathryn C Kaplan, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficult because of their hidden and stigmatized nature. Mobile-phone-based interventions may be an effective way to reach this population and connect them with the existing services. This article describes study design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a mobile health intervention (the Mobile Link) aiming to improve SRH and related outcomes among FEWs in Cambodia...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671732/can-plastic-surgeons-maintain-professionalism-within-social-media
#5
Pablo L Gutierrez, Debra J Johnson
Plastic surgeons have evolved their methods of reaching potential patients by using various forms of social media. Such platforms can educate, inform, and, for some, entertain. Social media now allows consumers to compare themselves to a much wider, if not global, set of peers that might further exacerbate their anxiety regarding their appearance. Plastic surgeons should ensure that use of patient images does not violate privacy or create unreasonable expectations about the results that can be obtained; nor should plastic surgeons' marketing objectify women...
April 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668756/on-the-security-of-consumer-wearable-devices-in-the-internet-of-things
#6
Hasan Tahir, Ruhma Tahir, Klaus McDonald-Maier
Miniaturization of computer hardware and the demand for network capable devices has resulted in the emergence of a new class of technology called wearable computing. Wearable devices have many purposes like lifestyle support, health monitoring, fitness monitoring, entertainment, industrial uses, and gaming. Wearable devices are hurriedly being marketed in an attempt to capture an emerging market. Owing to this, some devices do not adequately address the need for security. To enable virtualization and connectivity wearable devices sense and transmit data, therefore it is essential that the device, its data and the user are protected...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661249/using-qualitative-and-community-based-engagement-approaches-to-gain-access-and-to-develop-a-culturally-appropriate-sti-prevention-intervention-for-foreign-female-entertainment-workers-in-singapore
#7
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Olive N Y Cheung, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Hanh Hao La, Thein Than Win, Roy Chan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global movement of foreign female entertainment workers (FEWs), a hard-to-reach population vulnerable to HIV/STIs. This paper described the needs assessment phase before intervention implementation where the socio-organisation, sexual risk behaviours and access to health services of foreign FEWs in Singapore were explored. We also highlighted how qualitative inquiry, census enumeration technique and community-based engagement approaches were used to gain access and to develop a culturally appropriate STI prevention intervention...
April 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659101/lessons-from-queensland-s-last-drinks-legislation-the-use-of-extended-trading-permits
#8
Renee Zahnow, Peter Miller, Kerri Coomber, Dominique de Andrade, Jason Ferris
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The association between alcohol availability, alcohol consumption and, in turn, alcohol-related harms is well established. Policies to reduce alcohol-related harms focus on limiting accessibility through the regulation of the liquor industry, including trading hours. On 1 July 2016, the Queensland Government introduced legislation to reduce ordinary liquor trading hours, replacing 5 am closing times with 3 am cessation of liquor sales in designated entertainment precincts and 2 am cessation of sales across the rest of the state...
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658623/tobacco-advertising-promotion-and-sponsorship-in-entertainment-media-a-phenomenon-requiring-stronger-controls-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#9
REVIEW
Fatimah M S El-Awa, Randa Abou El Naga, Sahar Labib, Nisreen Abdel Latif
Tobacco use and placement of tobacco products in television (TV) productions and movies is a way to promote tobacco use while avoiding tobacco advertising bans that exist in most countries. The fact that such productions are broadcast widely and viewed by millions, including children and young people, is of concern. This paper reviews the evidence on the use of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) in TV and films in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and the ways to combat it. Evidence from Egypt shows considerable and increasing use of tobacco products by actors on screen, including female actors, in programmes aired during Ramadan in 2015-2017...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644874/impact-of-a-no-mobile-device-policy-on-developmental-surveillance-in-a-pediatric-clinic
#10
Paul A Regan, Benjamin S Fogel, Steven D Hicks
Children commonly use mobile devices at pediatric office visits. This practice may affect patient-provider interaction and undermine accuracy of developmental surveillance. A randomized, provider-blinded, controlled trial examined whether a policy prohibiting mobile device use in a pediatric clinic improved accuracy of pediatricians' developmental surveillance. Children, aged 18 to 36 months, were randomized to device-prohibited (intervention; n = 58) or device-allowed (control; n = 54) groups. After a 30-minute well-visit, development was evaluated as "normal," "borderline," or "delayed" in 5 categories using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622018/from-problem-people-to-addictive-products-a-qualitative-study-on-rethinking-gambling-policy-from-the-perspective-of-lived-experience
#11
Helen E Miller, Samantha L Thomas, Priscilla Robinson
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that government and industry discussions of gambling may focus on personal responsibility for gambling harm. In Australia, these discussions have largely excluded people with lived experience of problem gambling, including those involved in peer support and advocacy. METHODS: We conducted 26 in-depth interviews with people with current or previous problem gambling on electronic gaming machines (EGMs) involved in peer support and advocacy activities, using an approach informed by Interpretive Policy Analysis and Constructivist Grounded Theory...
April 6, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610778/testing-occlusal-performance-by-using-chewing-simulation-with-virtually-designed-substrate
#12
Andra Maria Pascale, Sebastian Ruge, Steffen Hauth, Bernd Kordaß, Lars Linsen
Physically accurate deformable models based on the finite element method (FEM) are being used for a wide range of applications, from entertainment to medicine. This article describes how we applied this method in the CAD/CAM area that is concerned with reconstructing 3D models of teeth. We simulated the process of mastication by employing a deformable model that represented the substrate, and a rigid model that represented the teeth. We extended a recent approach for substrate deformation by also modelling the fracture of the substrate by the mastication process...
2018: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602460/preoperative-gastric-lavage-in-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgical-endoscopic-or-minimally-invasive-treatment-an-oncological-measure-preventing-peritoneal-spillage-of-intragastric-cancer-cells-and-development-of-related-metastases
#13
Edoardo Virgilio, Genoveffa Balducci, Paolo Mercantini, Enrico Giarnieri, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Monica Montagnini, Antonella Proietti, Rosaria D'Urso, Marco Cavallini
In addition to classical metastatic pathways, recently gastric cancer was described having an alternative route called "endoluminal exfoliation". Provisional analyses demonstrated, in fact, this kind of shedding is associated with several clinico-pathological features indicative of aggressive behavior and resulted to be an independent prognostic factor entailing poor prognosis. Compared with non-sowing counterparts, in fact, patients affected with exfoliating early and advanced gastric carcinomas met with shorter overall survival, disease free survival, progression free survival and time to tumor progression...
May 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601650/prior-knowledge-of-category-size-impacts-visual-search
#14
Rachel Wu, Brianna McGee, Chelsea Echiverri, Benjamin D Zinszer
Prior research has shown that category search can be similar to one-item search (as measured by the N2pc ERP marker of attentional selection) for highly familiar, smaller categories (e.g., letters and numbers) because the finite set of items in a category can be grouped into one unit to guide search. Other studies have shown that larger, more broadly defined categories (e.g., healthy food) also can elicit N2pc components during category search, but the amplitude of these components is typically attenuated. Two experiments investigated whether the perceived size of a familiar category impacts category and exemplar search...
March 30, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599306/laparoscopic-intragastric-surgery-for-treating-early-gastric-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Edoardo Virgilio, Genoveffa Balducci, Paolo Mercantini, Enrico Giarnieri, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Monica Montagnini, Antonella Proietti, Rosaria D'Urso, Marco Cavallini
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although there is an increasing number of studies on laparoscopic resection of early gastric cancer (EGC), as of 2018 no standardized strategy exists. We reviewed available literature dealing with laparoscopic intragastric (intraluminal) surgery (LIGS) conducted for patients with EGC to better define indications, benefits and limitations of this particular minimally invasive technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar and ResearchGate were the search engines investigated...
April 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590076/precursors-of-logical-reasoning-in-preverbal-human-infants
#16
Nicoló Cesana-Arlotti, Ana Martín, Ernő Téglás, Liza Vorobyova, Ryszard Cetnarski, Luca L Bonatti
Infants are able to entertain hypotheses about complex events and to modify them rationally when faced with inconsistent evidence. These capacities suggest that infants can use elementary logical representations to frame and prune hypotheses. By presenting scenes containing ambiguities about the identity of an object, here we show that 12- and 19-month-old infants look longer at outcomes that are inconsistent with a logical inference necessary to resolve such ambiguities. At the moment of a potential deduction, infants' pupils dilated, and their eyes moved toward the ambiguous object when inferences could be computed, in contrast to transparent scenes not requiring inferences to identify the object...
March 16, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588271/development-of-an-exergame-to-deliver-a-sustained-dose-of-high-intensity-training-formative-pilot-randomized-trial
#17
Thomas McBain, Matthew Weston, Paul Crawshaw, Catherine Haighton, Iain Spears
BACKGROUND: Sport science can play a critical role in reducing health inequalities. The inverse relationship between life expectancy, cardiorespiratory fitness, and socioeconomic status could be addressed by performing high-intensity training (HIT), delivered in a class salient and accessible approach. Commercially available exergames have shown encouraging compliance rates but are primarily designed for entertainment purposes rather than focusing on health-related outcomes. A serious game tailored toward delivering an exercise stimulus, while reducing the aversive protocols associated with HIT, could be beneficial to engage and improve health outcomes in socially deprived males...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580310/taking-spectacle-seriously-wildlife-film-and-the-legacy-of-natural-history-display
#18
Eleanor Louson
Argument I argue through an analysis of spectacle that the relationship between wildlife documentary films' entertainment and educational mandates is complex and co-constitutive. Accuracy-based criticism of wildlife films reveals assumptions of a deficit model of science communication and positions spectacle as an external commercial pressure influencing the genre. Using the Planet Earth (2006) series as a case study, I describe spectacle's prominence within the recent blue-chip renaissance in wildlife film, resulting from technological innovations and twenty-first-century consumer and broadcast market contexts...
March 2018: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580308/introduction-from-the-popularization-of-science-through-film-to-the-public-understanding-of-science
#19
Fernando Vidal
Science in film, and usual equivalents such as science on film or science on screen, refer to the cinematographic representation, staging, and enactment of actors, information, and processes involved in any aspect or dimension of science and its history. Of course, boundaries are blurry, and films shot as research tools or documentation also display science on screen. Nonetheless, they generally count as scientific film, and science in and on film or screen tend to designate productions whose purpose is entertainment and education...
March 2018: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576940/fuel-cell-breathalyser-use-for-field-research-on-alcohol-intoxication-an-independent-psychometric-evaluation
#20
Jacob G Sorbello, Grant J Devilly, Corey Allen, Lee R J Hughes, Kathleen Brown
Background: Several field studies have used fuel-cell breathalysers (FCB) to investigate the prevalence of alcohol intoxication. However, there is a lack of evidence evaluating the psychometric properties of these breathalysers outside of the forensic disciplines. Methods: The current research describes four studies designed that assess the reliability and validity of portable platinum FCBs for research on alcohol intoxication. Utilising the Alcolizer LE5 breathalyser and, to a lesser degree, the Lifeloc FC-20 and the Lion Intoxilyzer 8000, each study sampled patrons frequenting popular night-time entertainment districts with varying levels of alcohol intoxication...
2018: PeerJ
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