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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346518/what-do-people-with-aphasia-want-to-be-able-to-say-a-content-analysis-of-words-identified-as-personally-relevant-by-people-with-aphasia
#1
Rebecca Palmer, Helen Hughes, Tim Chater
BACKGROUND: Word finding is a common difficulty for people with aphasia. Targeting words that are relevant to the individual could maximise the usefulness and impact of word finding therapy. AIMS: To provide insights into words that people with aphasia perceive to be personally relevant. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 100 people with aphasia were each asked to identify 100 words that would be particularly important for them to be able to say. Two speech and language therapist researchers conducted a quantitative content analysis of the words selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345642/dynamic-changes-in-amygdala-psychophysiological-connectivity-reveal-distinct-neural-networks-for-facial-expressions-of-basic-emotions
#2
Matteo Diano, Marco Tamietto, Alessia Celeghin, Lawrence Weiskrantz, Mona-Karina Tatu, Arianna Bagnis, Sergio Duca, Giuliano Geminiani, Franco Cauda, Tommaso Costa
The quest to characterize the neural signature distinctive of different basic emotions has recently come under renewed scrutiny. Here we investigated whether facial expressions of different basic emotions modulate the functional connectivity of the amygdala with the rest of the brain. To this end, we presented seventeen healthy participants (8 females) with facial expressions of anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and emotional neutrality and analyzed amygdala's psychophysiological interaction (PPI). In fact, PPI can reveal how inter-regional amygdala communications change dynamically depending on perception of various emotional expressions to recruit different brain networks, compared to the functional interactions it entertains during perception of neutral expressions...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331267/laparoscopic-management-of-a-proximal-jejunal-gallstone-ileus-with-patulous-ampulla-and-choledochal-cyst-a-report-of-unusual-presentation-and-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Rajvilas Anil Narkhede, Vijaykumar C Bada, Lakshmi Kumari Kona
Gallstone ileus is a diagnosis of rarity, and a proximal site of obstruction in a young patient is even rare. Of the three cases in our experience, we found two cases of gallstone ileus (GSI) with typical epidemiology and presentation, one had combination of multiple rare associations. We report such a case, suspected to have gallstone ileus on ultrasound and confirmed diagnosis on computed tomography. Presence of biliary-enteric fistula, old age, and obstructive features, as in typical cases, was a bigger asset for diagnosis, but it was difficult to entertain diagnosis of GSI in young girl in absence of a demonstrable biliary-enteric fistula, with uncommon association of choledochal cyst and sickle cell disease...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326490/virtual-reality-educational-tool-for-human-anatomy
#4
Santiago González Izard, Juan A Juanes Méndez, Pablo Ruisoto Palomera
Virtual Reality is becoming widespread in our society within very different areas, from industry to entertainment. It has many advantages in education as well, since it allows visualizing almost any object or going anywhere in a unique way. We will be focusing on medical education, and more specifically anatomy, where its use is especially interesting because it allows studying any structure of the human body by placing the user inside each one. By allowing virtual immersion in a body structure such as the interior of the cranium, stereoscopic vision goggles make these innovative teaching technologies a powerful tool for training in all areas of health sciences...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323840/htc-vive-mevislab-integration-via-openvr-for-medical-applications
#5
Jan Egger, Markus Gall, Jürgen Wallner, Pedro Boechat, Alexander Hann, Xing Li, Xiaojun Chen, Dieter Schmalstieg
Virtual Reality, an immersive technology that replicates an environment via computer-simulated reality, gets a lot of attention in the entertainment industry. However, VR has also great potential in other areas, like the medical domain, Examples are intervention planning, training and simulation. This is especially of use in medical operations, where an aesthetic outcome is important, like for facial surgeries. Alas, importing medical data into Virtual Reality devices is not necessarily trivial, in particular, when a direct connection to a proprietary application is desired...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322032/fine-needle-aspiration-of-metastatic-melanoma-presenting-as-bilateral-breast-cysts
#6
Casey M Inouye, Ashley Cimino-Mathews, David Eisner, Dorothy L Rosenthal, Christopher J VandenBussche
Melanoma is the second most common non-hematopoietic malignancy after carcinomas to metastasize to the breast and often appears as a well-circumscribed, dense nodule on imaging. Although metastatic lesions presenting as bilateral cysts have been reported, this presentation is not common and may mimic benign breast cysts. We present a challenging case of metastatic melanoma presenting as bilateral breast cysts with spindled cytomorphology in a patient with a history of mammary carcinoma. Discordance between the spindled cytomorphology and the morphology of the core biopsy, which was similar to the patient's primary breast cancer, allowed for entertainment of other tumors and disease processes...
March 20, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318429/shame-as-a-compromise-for-humiliation-and-rage-in-the-internal-representation-of-abuse-by-loved-ones-processes-motivations-and-the-role-of-dissociation
#7
Martin J Dorahy
This paper examines one particular way a person abused may come to internally position themselves and the abuser to understand their abuse experience. It is based on a differentiation and exploration of the dynamic relationship between shame and humiliation associated with complex feelings the abused has to the abuser. Humiliation is described as denoting the naked self exposed by another, while shame is described as denoting the naked self exposed to another. From this lens, abusive events are conceived as humiliating experiences that come to be represented as shame experiences...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302919/tobacco-cessation-and-household-spending-on-non-tobacco-goods-results-from-the-us-consumer-expenditure-surveys
#8
Erin S Rogers, Dhaval M Dave, Alexis Pozen, Marianne Fahs, William T Gallo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of tobacco cessation on household spending on non-tobacco goods in the USA. METHODS: Using 2006-2015 Consumer Expenditure Survey data, 9130 tobacco-consuming households were followed for four quarters. Households were categorised during the fourth quarter as having: (1) recent tobacco cessation, (2) long-term cessation, (3) relapsed cessation or (4) no cessation. Generalised linear models were used to compare fourth quarter expenditures on alcohol, food at home, food away from home, housing, healthcare, transportation, entertainment and other goods between the no-cessation households and those with recent, long-term or relapsed cessation...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295381/upper-lateral-cartilage-composite-flap-for-closure-of-complicated-septal-perforations
#9
David F Smith, Monirah Albathi, Andrew Lee, Linda N Lee, Kofi D Boahene
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To present a novel technique for the repair of large complicated nasal septal perforations using an upper lateral cartilage composite flap. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case series of five patients with large septal perforations seen at an academic tertiary care center, who have failed previous treatment measures and were selected to undergo this novel reconstruction for closure of their defects. METHODS: Patients were followed clinically to determine the success of the repair...
March 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293620/mobile-phone-use-among-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-an-observation-study
#10
Carinne Brody, Brent Tatomir, Tuot Sovannary, Khuondyla Pal, Song Mengsrun, Jennifer Dionosio, Minh-Anh Luong, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Text or voice messages containing health behavior change content may be an inexpensive, discreet, sustainable and scalable way to reach populations at high risk for HIV. In Cambodia, one of the important high-risk populations is female entertainment workers (FEWs). This ethnographic study aims to explore typical phone use, examining patterns and behaviors that may influence the design of future mHealth interventions. METHODS: The study consisted of one 8-hour non-participant observation session for 15 randomly sampled FEWs...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292617/obesity-pandemic-causes-consequences-and-solutions-but-do-we-have-the-will
#11
REVIEW
David R Meldrum, Marge A Morris, Joseph C Gambone
Obesity has become pandemic owing to an obesogenic environment (inexpensive calorie dense food, technologies and structure of communities that reduce or replace physical activity, and inexpensive nonphysical entertainment) and excessive emphasis on low fat intake resulting in excessive intake of simple carbohydrates and sugar. Effects are greater for women owing to their smaller size and extra weight gain with each pregnancy, with 38% of American adult women being obese. Women are responsible for more than three-fourths of the more than 400 billion dollars of excess direct health care expenditures due to obesity...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289302/use-of-entertainment-elements-in-an-online-video-mini-series-to-train-pharmacy-preceptors
#12
Craig D Cox, Jongpil Cheon, Steven M Crooks, Jaehoon Lee, Jacob D Curtis
Objective. To create an entertaining approach to training pharmacy preceptors. Design. A training program was developed to provide an innovative, entertaining, and flexible continuing education program for pharmacy preceptors. Three instructional design principles - providing an authentic context, offering a diversity of content, and engaging and maintaining attention - were foundational to this concept. The mini-series consisted of 12 online video episodes. Participants completed three reflective questions and one evaluation after watching each episode...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281117/game-based-training-improves-the-surgeon-s-situational-awareness-in-the-operation-room-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Maurits Graafland, Willem A Bemelman, Marlies P Schijven
BACKGROUND: Equipment-related malfunctions directly relate to one-fourth of the adverse events in the surgical theater. A serious game trains residents to recognize and respond to equipment problems in minimally invasive surgery (MIS). These include disturbed vision, gas transport, electrocautery, and pathophysiological disturbances. This randomized controlled trial explores whether game-based training improves surgical residents' response to equipment-related problems during surgery...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276946/role-of-humor-in-the-persuasiveness-of-entertainment-narratives-on-unprotected-sexual-behavior
#14
Michelle L Futerfas, Xiaoli Nan
Past research involving the persuasive impact of entertainment narratives on health attitudes and behavior has largely been limited to dramatic narratives. The current research focuses on humorous narratives related to unprotected sex. We conducted an experiment (N = 161) in which female viewers were exposed to a humorous story line about unprotected sex, an identical story line with humor edited out, or a story line unrelated to unprotected sex. Our findings suggested that humor increased perceived severity of unintended pregnancy, while having no effect on counterarguing...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276932/alcohol-sex-and-screens-modeling-media-influence-on-adolescent-alcohol-and-sex-co-occurrence
#15
Amy Bleakley, Morgan E Ellithorpe, Michael Hennessy, Atika Khurana, Patrick Jamieson, Ilana Weitz
Alcohol use and sexual behavior are important risk behaviors in adolescent development, and combining the two is common. The reasoned action approach (RAA) is used to predict adolescents' intention to combine alcohol use and sexual behavior based on exposure to alcohol and sex combinations in popular entertainment media. We conducted a content analysis of mainstream (n = 29) and Black-oriented movies (n = 34) from 2014 and 2013-2014, respectively, and 56 television shows (2014-2015 season). Content analysis ratings featuring character portrayals of both alcohol and sex within the same five-minute segment were used to create exposure measures that were linked to online survey data collected from 1,990 adolescents ages 14 to 17 years old (50...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275895/-emotiplay-a-serious-game-for-learning-about-emotions-in-children-with-autism-results-of-a-cross-cultural-evaluation
#16
S Fridenson-Hayo, S Berggren, A Lassalle, S Tal, D Pigat, N Meir-Goren, H O'Reilly, S Ben-Zur, S Bölte, S Baron-Cohen, O Golan
Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) experience difficulties recognizing others' emotions and mental states. It has been shown that serious games (SG) can produce simplified versions of the socio-emotional world. The current study performed a cross-cultural evaluation (in the UK, Israel and Sweden) of Emotiplay's SG, a system aimed to teach emotion recognition (ER) to children with ASC in an entertaining, and intrinsically motivating way. Participants were 6-9 year olds with high functioning ASC who used the SG for 8-12 weeks...
March 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267099/work-related-burn-injuries-hospitalized-in-us-burn-centers-2002-to-2011
#17
Zhenna Huang, Lee S Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive definition to identify work-related burns in the National Burn Repository (NBR) based on multiple fields and describes injuries by occupation. METHODS: The NBR, which is an inpatient dataset, was used to compare type and severity of burn injuries by occupation. RESULTS: Using the definition developed for this analysis, 22,969 burn injuries were identified as work-related. In contrast, the single work-related field intended to capture occupational injuries only captured 4696 cases...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263679/effects-of-visual-game-experience-on-auditory-processing-speed
#18
Kyung Soon Shin, Yoon Kyoung Yim, Yuwon Kim, Soowon Park, Jun-Young Lee
Games are one of the fastest growing and most exciting forms of entertainment. Whether casual mobile game playing has a cognitive, physiological, or behavioral effect on players whose game use is not pathological is unknown. Here we explored whether preattentive auditory processing is linked to the behavioral inhibition system (BIS) in frequent and infrequent game players. A total of 74 subjects who were enrolled in our study were divided into two groups, 40 subjects were frequent gamers and 34 subjects were age-, gender-, IQ-, and education-matched infrequent gamers...
March 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262203/development-and-evaluation-of-a-trauma-decision-making-simulator-in-oculus-virtual-reality
#19
Cuan M Harrington, Dara O Kavanagh, John F Quinlan, Donncha Ryan, Patrick Dicker, Dara O'Keeffe, Oscar Traynor, Sean Tierney
BACKGROUND: Consumer-available virtual-reality technology was launched in 2016 with strong foundations in the entertainment-industry. We developed an innovative medical-training simulator on the Oculus™ Gear-VR platform. This novel application was developed utilising internationally recognised Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) principles, requiring decision-making skills for critically-injured virtual-patients. METHODS: Participants were recruited in June, 2016 at a single-centre trauma-course (ATLS, Leinster, Ireland) and trialled the platform...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255133/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-internet-addiction-among-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#20
S M Ching, A Hamidin, R Vasudevan, M S L Sazlyna, W S Wan Aliaa, Y L Foo, A Yee, F K Hoo
INTRODUCTION: Internet is important to university students, especially for medical students who use it to search for literature and relevant information. However, some of the users are experiencing a gradual loss of the ability to reduce the duration and frequency of their internet activities, despite the negative consequences. The literature on internet usage among Malaysian medical students is limited. This study aims to determine the prevalence and factors associated with internet usage among medical students in a public university in Malaysia...
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
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