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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816501/problematic-gaming-exists-and-is-an-example-of-disordered-gaming
#1
Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Halley M Pontes
Background The recent paper by Aarseth et al. (2016) questioned whether problematic gaming should be considered a new disorder particularly because "Gaming Disorder" (GD) has been identified as a disorder to be included in the next (11th) revision of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Methods This study uses contemporary literature to argue why GD should be included in the ICD-11. Results Aarseth and colleagues acknowledge that there is much literature (including papers by some of the authors themselves) that some individuals experience serious problems with video gaming...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812386/reported-use-of-technology-in-stroke-rehabilitation-by-physical-and-occupational-therapists
#2
Jeanne Langan, Heamchand Subryan, Ifeoma Nwogu, Lora Cavuoto
PURPOSE: With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811923/to-educate-or-to-entertain
#3
Kiana H Newman-Zand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809771/efficacy-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infection-trial-on-condom-use-among-heterosexual-men-patronizing-entertainment-establishments-who-engaged-in-casual-or-paid-sex-in-singapore
#4
Raymond Boon Tar Lim, Dede Kam Tyng Tham, Bee Choo Tai, P Ganesan Adaikan, Mee Lian Wong
BACKGROUND: We assessed the efficacy of a multi-component sexual health promotion program on condom use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing among heterosexual men (HSM) patronizing entertainment establishments who engaged in casual or paid sex in Singapore. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental trial with a comparison group using cross-sectional surveys at baseline and 6 months postintervention. A locality patronized by local HSM was assigned the intervention, a comparable and distant area served as the comparison site...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802248/utility-of-rapid-whole-exome-sequencing-in-the-diagnosis-of-neonatal-niemann-pick-disease-type-c-presenting-with-fetal-hydrops-and-liver-failure
#5
Mersedeh Rohanizadegan, Sarah El-Almery, Anne O'Donnell-Luria, Ivana Mihalek, Peggy Chen, Marilyn Sanders, Kristen Leeman, Megan Cho, Christina Hung, Olaf Bodamer
Rapid whole exome sequencing (rWES) is increasingly used in critically ill newborn infants to inform about diagnosis, clinical management and prognosis. Here we report a male newborn infant with hydrops, pancytopenia and acute liver failure who was listed for liver transplantation. Given the acuity of the presentation, the procedure related morbidity and mortality and lack of diagnosis we employed rWES in the proband and both parents with a turn-around time of 10 business days. rWES returned one maternally inherited, likely pathogenic and one paternally inherited, likely pathogenic variant in NPC1 suggestive of a diagnosis of Niemann Pick disease type C (NPC)...
August 11, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801825/intractable-constipation-in-the-elderly
#6
REVIEW
Noemi Baffy, Amy E Foxx-Orenstein, Lucinda A Harris, Susan Sterler
Chronic constipation is a common gastrointestinal disorder disproportionately affecting the elderly. Immobility, polypharmacy, and physiologic changes contribute to its increased prevalence in this population. Unidentified and undertreated constipation leads to a significant negative impact on quality of life and an increase in healthcare spending. Careful physical examination and exploration of the clinical history can unmask primary and secondary forms of constipation, guiding diagnostic and therapeutic considerations...
August 11, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798550/the-protruding-ear-cosmetic-and-reconstruction
#7
REVIEW
Kausar Ali, Jesse D Meaike, Renata S Maricevich, Asaf Olshinka
Ear prominence is a relatively common cosmetic deformity with no associated functional deficits, but with profound psychosocial impact, especially in young patients. Protruding ears in children have propagated surgical advances that incorporate reconstructive techniques. Here we outline a systematic framework to evaluate the protruding ear and present various reconstructive surgical options for correction. Both cosmetic and reconstructive perspectives should be entertained when addressing this anatomical deformity...
August 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796574/the-entertainment-education-strategy-in-sexual-assault-prevention-a-comparison-of-theoretical-foundations-and-a-test-of-effectiveness-in-a-college-campus-setting
#8
Stacey J T Hust, Paula M Adams, Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Chunbo Ren, Ming Lei, Weina Ran, Emily Garrigues Marett
Among the existing sexual assault prevention efforts on college campuses, few use mass communication strategies designed to simultaneously entertain and educate. Although many entertainment-education efforts are guided by social cognitive theory, other theories may be useful in entertainment-education design. Previous research has found that social cognitive theory and social norms theory can successfully influence participants' perceived norms and efficacy related to sexual assault reduction; however, whether such results can be replicated in a naturalistic setting and the extent to which the guiding theoretical foundation may influence outcomes remain unknown...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792994/-spanish-adolescents-low-perception-of-risk-in-alcohol-consumption
#9
Cristian Suárez-Relinque, Gonzalo Del Moral Arroyo, Belén Martínez Ferrer, Gonzalo Musitu Ochoa
According to recent studies, Spanish adolescents show low perception of risk in alcohol consumption. The current study aims to analyze the factors that favor this low perception based on the opinion of a group of 32 professional experts on adolescence, family, school, mass media, and local policies. A qualitative methodology was used, based on Grounded Theory, using information from 5 focus groups guided by semi-structured interviews. Twelve factors or subcategories were identified, grouped in 4 general categories: short-term risk, immediacy, and perception of invulnerability ("adolescent thinking" category); benevolent view of alcohol, normalization of consumption, and alcohol-entertainment binomial ("social norms" category); parents' habitual consumption, verbal/non-verbal inconsistency in parental model, risk-free consumption depicted in the mass media, consumption with positive results in the media ("social models" category); and excessive health content, long-term risk ("preventive discourse" category)...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792900/dynamic-video-stitching-via-shakiness-removing
#10
Yongwei Nie, Tan Su, Zhensong Zhang, Hanqiu Sun, Guiqing Li
Stitching videos captured by hand-held mobile cameras can essentially enhance entertainment experience of ordinary users. However, such videos usually contain heavy shakiness and large parallax, which are challenging to stitch. In this paper, we propose a novel approach of video stitching and stabilization for videos captured by mobile devices. The main component of our method is a unified video stitching and stabilization optimization that computes stitching and stabilization simultaneously rather than does each one individually...
August 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777828/depression-anxiety-and-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Doris Jaalouk
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess prevalence of smartphone addiction symptoms, and to ascertain whether depression or anxiety, independently, contributes to smartphone addiction level among a sample of Lebanese university students, while adjusting simultaneously for important sociodemographic, academic, lifestyle, personality trait, and smartphone-related variables. METHODS: A random sample of 688 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.64 ±1.88 years; 53% men) completed a survey composed of a) questions about socio-demographics, academics, lifestyle behaviors, personality type, and smartphone use-related variables; b) 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) Scale; and c) brief screeners of depression and anxiety (PHQ-2 and GAD-2), which constitute the two core DSM-IV items for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771396/the-belief-in-a-favorable-future
#12
Todd Rogers, Don A Moore, Michael I Norton
People believe that future others' preferences and beliefs will change to align with their own. People holding a particular view (e.g., support of President Trump) are more likely to believe that future others will share their view than to believe that future others will have an opposing view (e.g., opposition to President Trump). Six studies demonstrated this belief in a favorable future (BFF) for political views, scientific beliefs, and entertainment and product preferences. BFF is greater in magnitude than the tendency to believe that current others share one's views (false-consensus effect), arises across cultures, is distinct from general optimism, is strongest when people perceive their views as being objective rather than subjective, and can affect (but is distinct from) beliefs about favorable future policy changes...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766863/do-storybooks-with-anthropomorphized-animal-characters-promote-prosocial-behaviors-in-young-children
#13
Nicole E Larsen, Kang Lee, Patricia A Ganea
For millennia, adults have told children stories not only to entertain but also to impart important moral lessons to promote prosocial behaviors. Many such stories contain anthropomorphized animals because it is believed that children learn from anthropomorphic stories as effectively, if not better than, from stories with human characters, and thus are more inclined to act according to the moral lessons of the stories. Here we experimentally tested this belief by reading preschoolers a sharing story with either human characters or anthropomorphized animal characters...
August 2, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762079/elevated-serum-ferritin-is-not-specific-for-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#14
Zaher K Otrock, Karl G Hock, Sarah B Riley, Theo de Witte, Charles S Eby, Mitchell G Scott
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare, potentially fatal, syndrome of excessive and ineffective activation of the immune system. The majority of the reported data on HLH is from pediatric patients and lacks specificity. This makes HLH diagnosis challenging especially in adults where HLH is triggered by many conditions and can resemble many disease entities. Elevated ferritin is one of the diagnostic criteria for HLH. We determined the conditions associated with elevated ferritin at our medical center to assess how specific ferritin is for predicting HLH...
July 31, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757809/if-you-go-down-to-the-woods-today-infants-distress-during-a-teddy-bear-s-picnic-in-relation-to-peer-relations-and-later-emotional-problems
#15
Dale F Hay, Stephanie H M van Goozen, Lisa Mundy, Rebecca Phillips, Siwan Roberts, Mirjam Meeuwsen, Ian Goodyer, Oliver Perra
Infants' emotional reactions to an unusual event were assessed at a simulated birthday party during which two costumed characters enacted a Teddy Bear's Picnic. Two hundred and fifty-eight firstborn infants in a representative British community sample were observed at a mean age of 12.8 months in the presence of their parents and other participating families, in a laboratory sitting room decorated with balloons and banners. The picnic scenario was followed by free play with the other participating infants...
July 2017: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749745/alcohol-storylines-in-television-episodes-the-preventive-effect-of-countering-epilogues
#16
Cristel Antonia Russell, Dale Wesley Russell, Joel W Grube, Edward McQuarrie
This experimental study assessed whether alcohol television storylines impact youth drinking attitudes and intentions and whether corrective epilogues can potentially moderate this impact. Television episodes were professionally produced to depict heavy drinking leading to either positive or negative consequences. The pro- and anti-alcohol episodes were shown alone or with an epilogue where a main character discussed the deleterious effects of excessive drinking. Attitudes toward drinkers and drinking intentions were measured subsequently, along with reactions to the episode and demographic data, among participants aged 14-17 using an online study...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749635/awareness-of-breast-cancer-among-female-care-givers-in-tertiary-cancer-hospital-china
#17
Negalign Getahun Dinegde, Li Xuying
Objective: Breast cancer is a worldwide public health issue and most common cancer diagnosed among women including China, where advanced stages at diagnosis appears to be increasing and an ever-rising incidence twice as fast as global rates. The study was conducted to describe the awareness of breast cancer and associated factors among care giver women in tertiary Cancer Hospital, China. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among 261 women selected by systematic random sampling. Information provided by the participants was converted into awareness scores for analysis using SPSS version 23...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745288/production-stabilisation-and-characterisation-of-silver-nanoparticles-coated-with-bioactive-polymers-pluronic-f68-pvp-and-pva
#18
Carolina A Santos, Victor M Balcão, Marco V Chaud, Marcelo Martins Seckler, Mahendra Rai, Marta M D C Vila
The increasing and alarming panorama of bacterial infections and associated morbidities that occur during medical and hospital procedures makes the development of technologies that aid in controlling such bacterial infections of utmost importance. Recent studies have shown that formulations with metal nanoparticles exhibit good antibacterial properties against a broad spectrum of microorganisms. Moreover, it was demonstrated that some biologically active polymeric materials, when applied in combination with chemical antimicrobial agents, enhance the therapeutic action of the latter...
August 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737705/emotion-recognition-from-chinese-speech-for-smart-affective-services-using-a-combination-of-svm-and-dbn
#19
Lianzhang Zhu, Leiming Chen, Dehai Zhao, Jiehan Zhou, Weishan Zhang
Accurate emotion recognition from speech is important for applications like smart health care, smart entertainment, and other smart services. High accuracy emotion recognition from Chinese speech is challenging due to the complexities of the Chinese language. In this paper, we explore how to improve the accuracy of speech emotion recognition, including speech signal feature extraction and emotion classification methods. Five types of features are extracted from a speech sample: mel frequency cepstrum coefficient (MFCC), pitch, formant, short-term zero-crossing rate and short-term energy...
July 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733965/molecular-communication-over-gas-stream-channels-using-portable-mass-spectrometry
#20
Stamatios Giannoukos, Alan Marshall, Stephen Taylor, Jeremy Smith
The synthetic generation/coding and transmission of olfactory information over a gas stream or an odor network is a new and unexplored field. Application areas vary from the entertainment or advertisement industry to security and telemedicine. However, current technological limitations frustrate the accurate reproduction of decoded and transmitted olfactory data. This study describes the development, testing, and characterization of a novel odor emitter (OE) that is used to investigate the generation-encoding of gaseous standards with odorous characteristics with a regulatable way, for scent transmission purposes...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
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