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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242745/the-liver-and-chilaiditi-s-syndrome-significance-of-hepatic-surface-grooves
#1
Shamir O Cawich, Richard Spence, Fawwaz Mohammed, Michael T Gardner, Alex Sinanan, Vijay Naraynsingh
Chilaiditi's syndrome describes a symptomatic patient with radiographic findings of interposed colon between the diaphragm and right lobe of liver. It may mimic a pneumoperitoneum on plain radiographs. We present a case in which Chilaiditis' syndrome was entertained, delaying a decision for laparotomy. This case reinforces the diagnostic difficulty associated with Chilaiditi's syndrome, and it increases awareness of an uncommon variation in the liver surface anatomy.
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241466/-how-can-gentlemen-of-standing-grow-old-healthily-plemp-and-his-de-togatorum-valetudine-tuenda-commentatio-1670
#2
A H M Kerkhoff
In 1670, the Professor of Medicine V.F. Plemp from the Belgian University of Leuven published a book explaining in an entertaining fashion how elderly gentlemen in positions of authority could live for a long time in good health but still have enjoyable lives. In writing this book the author manifested himself as a 17th century forerunner of the modern fitness and wellness movement. Plemp was a humanist who believed in the renaissance of Antiquity, and his medical revelations originate largely from ancient Roman sources...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227879/re-thinking-pre-drinking-implications-from-a-sample-of-teenagers-who-drink-in-private-settings
#3
James Wilson, Rowan P Ogeil, Tina Lam, Simon Lenton, Belinda Lloyd, Lucy Burns, Alexandra Aiken, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Richard Mattick, Dan I Lubman, Steve Allsop
BACKGROUND: Pre-drinking is often defined as an economically-minded set of drinking practices engaged in prior to attending public entertainment areas, such as licensed venues. This paper explores motivations and practical considerations that a sample of teenagers describes as significant to 'pre-drinking', despite not attending licensed premises during their most recent risky drinking session. METHODS: Data were derived from the mixed-methods Young Australians Alcohol Reporting System (YAARS) project...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218128/neurobrucellosis-presenting-as-pseudotumor-cerebri-first-report-from-oman
#4
Padam P Sharma, Mangudi V Murali, Tahsin Hamdi
A ten-year-old boy presented to the hospital with body ache and joint pains for two months and headache, vomiting, and skin rash for three days. He was drowsy and lethargic at admission. Physical examination revealed bilateral papilledema. There were no cranial nerve involvement, neuromotor deficit, or signs of meningeal irritation. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain did not reveal any evidence of cerebral edema or space occupying lesion. In view of the high endemicity of brucellosis in the area, Brucella agglutination test (BAT) was done at the time of admission and was negative...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210888/pneumonia-in-a-teenager-hiding-a-fire-eating-stunt
#5
Michele Ghezzi, Marta Odoni, Oriana Testagrossa, Daniela Messina, Jorge Daniel Ruocco, Camillo Lovati, Ahmad Kantar
Pneumonia in children due to hydrocarbon aspiration is usually the result of an uncommon accidental event. However, an acute and severe type of pneumonia induced by hydrocarbon aspiration is occasionally experienced by entertainers known as fire-eaters. Different approaches to treat fire-eater's pneumonia appear in the literature. Although there is no consensus regarding the management of this condition, the use of antibiotic therapy is well recognized and recommended by some, whereas others recommend only supportive treatment...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205671/fronto-parietal-coding-of-goal-directed-actions-performed-by-artificial-agents
#6
Aleksandra Kupferberg, Marco Iacoboni, Virginia Flanagin, Markus Huber, Anna Kasparbauer, Thomas Baumgartner, Gregor Hasler, Florian Schmidt, Christoph Borst, Stefan Glasauer
With advances in technology, artificial agents such as humanoid robots will soon become a part of our daily lives. For safe and intuitive collaboration, it is important to understand the goals behind their motor actions. In humans, this process is mediated by changes in activity in fronto-parietal brain areas. The extent to which these areas are activated when observing artificial agents indicates the naturalness and easiness of interaction. Previous studies indicated that fronto-parietal activity does not depend on whether the agent is human or artificial...
December 5, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205103/sharpening-randomization-based-causal-inference-for-22-factorial-designs-with-binary-outcomes
#7
Jiannan Lu
In medical research, a scenario often entertained is randomized controlled 22 factorial design with a binary outcome. By utilizing the concept of potential outcomes, Dasgupta et al. proposed a randomization-based causal inference framework, allowing flexible and simultaneous estimations and inferences of the factorial effects. However, a fundamental challenge that Dasgupta et al.'s proposed methodology faces is that the sampling variance of the randomization-based factorial effect estimator is unidentifiable, rendering the corresponding classic "Neymanian" variance estimator suffering from over-estimation...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204806/promotion-of-healthy-humor-cancer-education-messages-for-the-deaf-community
#8
Moshe Engelberg, Melanie C Nakaji, Kadie M Harry, Regina M Wang, Adrienne Kennedy, Tonya M Pan, Teresa Sanchez, Georgia Robins Sadler
The Deaf community members of this community-campus partnership identified the lack of health information in American Sign Language (ASL) as a significant barrier to increasing the Deaf community's health knowledge. Studies have shown that the delivery of health messages in ASL increased Deaf study participants' cancer knowledge. Once health messages are available on the Internet, strategies are needed to attract viewers to the website and to make repeat visits in order to promote widespread knowledge gains...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198225/a-pilot-study-exploring-staff-acceptability-of-a-socially-assistive-robot-in-a-residential-care-facility-that-accommodates-people-under-65-years-old
#9
Samantha M Loi, Alice Bennett, Marta Pearce, Khanh Nguyen, Nicola T Lautenschlager, Rajiv Khosla, Dennis Velakoulis
Socially assistive robots have successfully been trialed in residential care facilities (RCFs) for older adults. These robots may have potential for younger adults (i.e. under 65 years old) who also live in RCFs. However, it is important to investigate staff acceptability and ease-of-use of these robots. This pilot study used the Technology Acceptance Model to investigate how staff working in a specialized RCF for younger adults accept Betty, a socially assistive robot who was introduced in the facility for 12 weeks...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198143/ebv-hhv-8-multicentric-castleman-disease-with-plasmablastic-aggregates-in-an-hiv-man-an-evolving-clinicopathologic-entity
#10
Aditya Shivane, Amy Pearce, Nadia Khatib, Mark E F Smith
We report a case of EBV+ and HHV-8+ multicentric Castleman disease with plasmablastic aggregates in an HIV-positive individual. A 41-year-old man presented in early 2015 with fevers, sweats, weight loss, intractable itching, and on subsequent testing was found to be HIV positive. Investigations showed cervical lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. He was treated for HIV and his symptoms resolved. His symptoms recurred in January 2016, and a provisional diagnosis of multicentric Castleman disease was entertained...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196822/osteogenic-melanoma-report-of-a-case-mimicking-osteosarcoma-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Deepika Savant, Shachar Kenan, Samuel Kenan, Leonard Kahn
A 32-year-old male presented with a right thumb lesion of 11-month duration. A clinical diagnosis of pyogenic granuloma was entertained but the lesion failed to respond to conservative therapy and eventually necessitated amputation of his thumb. MRI of the right thumb showed an ill-defined, heterogeneously enhancing, infiltrating mass within the dorsal soft tissues abutting the distal phalanx and measuring 4.2 × 2.4 × 0.7 cm. Histologically, the tumor was composed of a high-grade osteosarcoma with a chondrosarcomatous component localized within the underlying bone and a more superficial spindle cell component in the overlying soft tissue...
December 1, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186549/intradialytic-hypertension-is-associated-with-low-intradialytic-arterial-oxygen-saturation
#12
Anna Meyring-Wösten, Ya Luo, Hanjie Zhang, Priscila Preciado, Stephan Thijssen, Yuedong Wang, Peter Kotanko
Background: The pathophysiology of a paradoxical systolic blood pressure (SBP) rise during hemodialysis (HD) is not yet fully understood. Recent research indicated that 10% of chronic HD patients suffer from prolonged intradialytic hypoxemia. Since hypoxemia induces a sympathetic response we entertained the hypothesis that peridialytic SBP change is associated with arterial oxygen saturation (SaO 2 ). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed intradialytic SaO 2 and peridialytic SBP change in chronic HD patients with arteriovenous vascular access...
November 24, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177077/acute-pseudogout-of-the-foot-following-parathyroidectomy-a-case-report
#13
Sari Priesand, Jennifer Wyckoff, James Wrobel, Brian Schmidt
Background: The current case report is the first in the literature to report the association between parathyroidectomy and an episode of probable pseudogout in the foot in a patient with diabetes mellitus. Case presentation: The authors present a case of pseudogout of the left foot following a subtotal parathyroidectomy in an 80-year-old female with type 2 diabetes mellitus and primary hyperparathyroidism. Pseudogout, also known as calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate deposition disease, is an unusual metabolic sequela following parathyroidectomy...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174176/communicating-biotech-advances-fiction-versus-reality
#14
Aleksandra Małyska, Robert Bolla, Tomasz Twardowski
Bioscience novels use selected technologies of genetic engineering and synthetic biology to create entertaining stories. These novels are usually based on scientific knowledge, but they may arouse public concerns about technology and drive public reluctance to accept innovative technologies. The scientific community must adopt more efficient communication and transparency.
November 22, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171457/tubercular-colitis-masquerading-as-ischemic-colitis-an-unusual-presentation
#15
Vishal Sharma, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Kaushal K Prasad, Harjeet Singh, Usha Dutta
Tuberculosis is a common clinical problem which can involve virtually any organ and mimic a multitude of clinical conditions. Colonic tuberculosis is a type of intestinal tuberculosis which involves the colon and mimics inflammatory bowel disease. Occasionally, it is also confused with colonic malignancy. We report the case of a young female who presented with abdominal pain, bleeding per rectum. Abdominal X-ray showed evidence of thumb-printing. A possibility of ischemic colitis was entertained. However, further investigation unraveled the presence of tubercular colitis...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167090/attrition-from-web-based-cognitive-testing-a-repeated-measures-comparison-of-gamification-techniques
#16
Jim Lumsden, Andy Skinner, David Coyle, Natalia Lawrence, Marcus Munafo
BACKGROUND: The prospect of assessing cognition longitudinally and remotely is attractive to researchers, health practitioners, and pharmaceutical companies alike. However, such repeated testing regimes place a considerable burden on participants, and with cognitive tasks typically being regarded as effortful and unengaging, these studies may experience high levels of participant attrition. One potential solution is to gamify these tasks to make them more engaging: increasing participant willingness to take part and reducing attrition...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167043/exposure-to-teasing-on-popular-television-shows-and-associations-with-adolescent-body-satisfaction
#17
Marla E Eisenberg, Ellen Ward, Jennifer A Linde, Sarah E Gollust, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: This study uses a novel mixed methods design to examine the relationship between incidents of teasing in popular television shows and body satisfaction of adolescent viewers. METHODS: Survey data were used to identify 25 favorite television shows in a large population-based sample of Minnesota adolescents (N=2793, age=14.4years). Data from content analysis of teasing incidents in popular shows were linked to adolescent survey data. Linear regression models examined associations between exposure to on-screen teasing in adolescents' own favorite shows and their body satisfaction...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161529/developing-a-serious-videogame-for-preteens-to-motivate-hpv-vaccination-decision-making-land-of-secret-gardens
#18
Joan R Cates, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Sandra J Diehl, Laurie L Stockton, Jeannette Porter, Chioma Ihekweazu, Arshya S Gurbani, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is routinely recommended for ages 11-12, yet in 2016 only 49.5% of women and 37.5% of men had completed the three-dose series in the United States. Offering information and cues to action through a serious videogame for preteens may foster HPV vaccination awareness, information seeking, and communication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An iterative process was used to develop an interactive videogame, Land of Secret Gardens...
November 21, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150306/a-proposal-for-a-noninvasive-monitoring-of-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-patients-with-takotsubo-syndrome
#19
John E Madias
The pathophysiology of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is still elusive; many hypotheses of its cause have been proposed with a heightened activity of the peripheral autonomic sympathetic nervous system (PASNS) via local norepinephrine release, and direct cardiomyocyte toxicity mediated by blood-borne catecholamines, being among the most currently entertained. Monitoring of PASNS during hospitalization will provide a metric which could be of immense value in unraveling of the pathophysiology and aiding in the management of the patients with TTS by predicting in-hospital complications, long-term outcome, and its recurrence...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149304/tobacco-content-in-video-games-categorization-of-tobacco-typologies-and-gamer-recall
#20
Susan R Forsyth, Ruth E Malone
Introduction: Tobacco content has been identified in popular video games played by adolescents. To date, there are no established instruments for categorizing tobacco content. We describe development and demonstrate the use of an instrument to categorize types of tobacco content. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 61 participants: 20 adolescents (mean age 17.7), and 41 adults (mean age 23.9), who discussed favorite games and recalled tobacco content. All games mentioned were examined for tobacco content by watching movies of game play on YouTube, examining individual game Wiki sites, and reviewing content descriptors provided by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB), Common Sense Media and the Internet Movie Database (IMDb)...
November 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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