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Intestinal Anastomoses

Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek, Lukasz Krokowicz, Krzysztof Szmyt, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Jacek Szmeja, Ryszard Marciniak, Michal Drews, Tomasz Banasiewicz
PURPOSE: Biofragmentable anastomosis ring (BAR) is an alternative to manual and stapled anastomoses performed within the upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of BAR utility for bowel anastomoses based on our own material. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to a total of 203 patients who underwent bowel surgery with the use of BAR anastomosis within upper and lower gastrointestinal tract between 2004 and 2014...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Eduardo Arevalo Vidal, Francisco Abarca Rendon, Trino Andrade Zambrano, Yudoco Andrade García, Mario Ferrin Viteri, Josemberg Marins Campos, Manoela Galvão Ramos, Almino Cardoso Ramos
Background: Intestinal malrotation is a rare congenital anomaly. In adults is very difficult to recognize due to the lack of symptoms. Diagnosis is usually incidental during surgical procedures or at autopsy. Aim: To review the occurrence and recognition of uneventful intestinal malrotation discovered during regular cases of bariatric surgeries. Methods: Were retrospectively reviewed the medical registry of 20,000 cases undergoing bariatric surgery, from January 2002 to January 2016, looking for the occurrence of intestinal malrotation and consequences in the intraoperative technique and immediate evolution of the patients...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
V S Kappikeri, Akshay Mahesh Kriplani
INTRODUCTION: Enteroliths are an uncommon entity in humans and form a rare cause of subacute intestinal obstruction. They occur proximal to stricture or in a diverticulum or a blind loop due to stasis. CASE DESCRIPTION: 40 years male presenting with intermittent right lower abdominal pain since 1 year. Barium meal follow-through and CT abdomen diagnosed as a case of subacute intestinal obstruction with an enterolith in the distal ileal segment. On exploratory laparotomy multiple ileal strictures with mesenteric adhesions were noted...
2016: SpringerPlus
A A Chernyavsky, N A Lavrov
AIM: to present treatment of patients with gastroesophageal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 41 cases of esophagogastrectomy with simultaneous intestinal repair were analyzed. There were 37 operations for malignancies and 4 operations for benign diseases. Indications for surgery were defined. Abdominocervical access was predominantly used. In 6 patients esophageal repair was finished by high intrapleural anastomosis due to insufficient length of the graft for cervical anastomosis...
2016: Khirurgiia
M Atie, O Khoma, G Dunn, G L Falk
Oedema can occur in handled tissues following upper gastrointestinal surgery with anastomosis formation. Obstruction of the lumen may result in delayed return of enteric function. Intravenous steroid use may be beneficial. Three cases of delayed emptying following fundoplication, gastro-enteric and entero-enteric anastomoses are reviewed. Conservative management with supportive measures failed. Dexamethasone was administered to treat the oedematous obstruction. A literature review in PubMed, Cochrane database and Medline for English language publications on the use of dexamethasone in the treatment of acute post surgical oedema of the upper gastrointestinal was conducted...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
K M Brown, J S Gundara, A Mittal
PURPOSE: Whilst situs inversus is associated with intestinal malrotation and volvulus particularly in infants, this is the first known report of acute intestinal obstruction in an adult patient with a situs anomaly specifically due to a congenital transmesenteric hernia. CASE: A 54-year-old woman presented with a 12-h history of progressive abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the abdomen revealed an incidental finding of situs inversus abdominus, ischemic small bowel obstruction and a potential occlusive thrombus of the superior mesenteric artery...
August 10, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Tomoya Tsukada, Masahide Kaji, Jun Kinoshita, Koichi Shimizu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic anastomotic methods are not commonly used because of the cumbersome laparoscopic intracorporeal sutures and tying involved. The barbed suture is one of the various devices developed to simplify the placement of intracorporeal sutures. However, barbed sutures are not commonly used during reconstruction after radical gastrectomy in cancer patients or for single-layer entire-thickness running suturing for intestinal anastomoses. We describe the procedure for using barbed sutures and report on the short-term surgical outcomes...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Viktoria Amanda Pfeifle, Stephanie J Gros, Giovanni Frongia, Karl-Herbert Schäfer, Stefan Holland-Cunz
Purpose The aim of the study was to investigate the regeneration and migration of neuronal progenitor cells of the enteric nervous system during wound healing after intestinal anastomosis in the rat ileum. Methods Experiments were performed in a rat model of ileoileal anastomosis. Rats were humanely killed on day 2 or day 10 after anastomosis, and the anastomotic region was compared with ileum of healthy rats. Immunofluorescent staining was performed with protein gene product 9.5, nestin, and S100 antibodies...
July 27, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Tomasz Miłek, Piotr Myrcha, Piotr Ciostek
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal fistulas occur in 4% to 8% of cases of upper gastrointestinal tract surgery. Until now, this type of surgery has been the standard for treating fistulas in esophagointestinal anastomosis. The use of stents and hemoclips is still controversial, but an increasing number of publications have been presenting good results with this type of treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the outcome of endoscopic and surgical treatment of fistulas in esophagointestinal anastomosis after gastrectomy...
August 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Tiago Cavalcanti Iwanaga, José Lamartine de Andrade Aguiar, Euclides Dias Martins-Filho, Flávio Kreimer, Fernando Luiz Silva-Filho, Amanda Vasconcelos de Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: The use of measures in colonic anastomoses to prevent dehiscences is of great medical interest. Sugarcane molasses, which has adequate tolerability and compatibility in vivo, has not yet been tested for this purpose. AIM: To analyze the biomechanical parameters of colonic suture in rats undergoing colectomy, using sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape or gel. METHODS: 45 Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were randomized into three groups of 15 animals: irrigation of enteric sutures with 0...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Joseph F Pierre, Kristina B Martinez, Honggang Ye, Anuradha Nadimpalli, Timothy C Morton, Jinghui Yang, Qiang Wang, Noelle Patno, Eugene B Chang, Deng Ping Yin
The metabolic benefits induced by gastric bypass, currently the most effective treatment for morbid obesity, are associated with bile acid (BA) delivery to the distal intestine. However, mechanistic insights into BA signaling in the mediation of metabolic benefits remain an area of study. The bile diversion () mouse model, in which the gallbladder is anastomosed to the distal jejunum, was used to test the specific role of BA in the regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis. Metabolic phenotype, including body weight and composition, glucose tolerance, energy expenditure, thermogenesis genes, total BA and BA composition in the circulation and portal vein, and gut microbiota were examined...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Zoltan H Nemeth, Eric L Lazar, Samantha R Paglinco, Addison S Hicks, Jason Lei, Patricia A Barratt-Stopper, Rolando H Rolandelli
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of stapling devices (SDs), the proportion of hand-sewn (HS) intestinal anastomoses (IAs) has declined. As more IAs are constructed with SDs, there are fewer opportunities for general surgery residents (GSRs) to acquire the skills for HS techniques during their training. STUDY DESIGN: Data for this study were extracted from an existing database of all IAs performed at the Department of Surgery of the Morristown Medical Center since 2003...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
James Skinovsky, Osvaldo Malafaia, Mauricio Chibata, Fernanda Tsumanuma, Flávio Panegalli, Marcus Vinícius Dantas de Campos Martins
OBJECTIVE: to know the effect of nicotine on angiogenesis and myofibroblast formation in anastomoses of the small bowel of rats. METHODS: we randomly divided 60 Wistar rats into the groups Nicotine (N) and control (C), according to the proposed treatment. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups according to the time interval used for the evaluation (7, 14 or 28 days). The N group with 30 animals received nicotine subcutaneously at a dose of 2mg/kg body weight, diluted in 0...
March 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Michael S Thomas, David A Margolin
The aim of this article is to present strategies for preventing and managing the failure of the surgical restoration of intestinal continuity. Despite improvements in surgical technique and perioperative care, anastomotic leaks still occur, and with them occur increased morbidity, mortality, length of stay, and costs. Due to the devastating consequences for patients with failed anastomoses, there have been a myriad of materials and techniques used by surgeons to create better intestinal anastomoses. We will also discuss the management strategies for anastomotic leak when they do inevitably occur...
June 2016: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
R Lambertz, H Drinhaus, D Schedler, M Bludau, W Schröder, T Annecke
Locally advanced carcinomas of the oesophagus require multimodal treatment. The core element of curative therapy is transthoracic en bloc oesophagectomy, which is the standard procedure carried out in most specialized centres. Reconstruction of intestinal continuity is usually achieved with a gastric sleeve, which is anastomosed either intrathoracically or cervically to the remaining oesophagus. This thoraco-abdominal operation is associated with significant postoperative morbidity, not least because of a vast array of pre-existing illnesses in the surgical patient...
June 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Hayato Nakamura, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Keisuke Uehara, Toshio Kokuryo, Junpei Yamaguchi, Toyonori Tsuzuki, Masato Nagino
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the preoperative administration of BV on the healing process of intestinal anastomosis in a rabbit model. METHODS: Twenty male white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. The control group received saline 1 week before surgery, and the BV group received intravenous BV 1 week before surgery. Each rabbit underwent an enteroenterostomy and a colocolostomy. On postoperative day 7, the bursting pressures of the anastomoses, CD31 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) staining by immunohistochemistry, the gene expression of α-SMA, and collagen deposition using Picrosirius Red at the site of anastomosis were evaluated...
May 12, 2016: Surgery Today
C Gubler, J M Metzler, M Turina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Azad Shademan, Ryan S Decker, Justin D Opfermann, Simon Leonard, Axel Krieger, Peter C W Kim
The current paradigm of robot-assisted surgeries (RASs) depends entirely on an individual surgeon's manual capability. Autonomous robotic surgery-removing the surgeon's hands-promises enhanced efficacy, safety, and improved access to optimized surgical techniques. Surgeries involving soft tissue have not been performed autonomously because of technological limitations, including lack of vision systems that can distinguish and track the target tissues in dynamic surgical environments and lack of intelligent algorithms that can execute complex surgical tasks...
May 4, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Christoph Holmer, Hanno Winter, Alexandra Nagel, Annika Jaenicke, Roland Lauster, Marc Kraft, Heinz J Buhr, Jörg-Peter Ritz, Matthias Zickerow
PURPOSE: Bipolar radio-frequency-induced thermofusion (BiRTh) of intestinal tissue might replace conventional stapling devices which are associated with technical and functional complications. Previous results of our study group confirmed the feasibility to fuse intestinal tissue using BiRTh-induced thermofusion ex vivo. The aim of this study was now to evaluate the efficacy of fusing intestinal tissue in vivo by BiRTh-induced thermofusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In male Wistar rats a blind bowel originating from the caecum was closed either by BiRTh (n = 24) or conventional suture (n = 16)...
August 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Rubina Khullar Mahajan, Sudha Jasmine Rajan, John Victor Peter, Mayur Keshav Suryawanshi
Organophosphate poisoning has significant gastrointestinal manifestations including vomiting, diarrhea, cramps and increased salivation. We report an uncommon gastrointestinal complication of multiple small intestinal perforations following organophosphorus poisoning. A 28-year old male presented after ingesting dichlorvos mixed with alcohol. Following the initial cholinergic symptoms, the patient developed severe shock with fever, attributed to aspiration pneumonia. Despite appropriate antibiotics, shock was persistent...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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