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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770350/centromere-chromosome-orientation-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization-cen-co-fish-detects-sister-chromatid-exchange-at-the-centromere-in-human-cells
#1
Simona Giunta
Human centromeres are composed of large tandem arrays of repetitive alpha satellite DNA, which are often sites of aberrant rearrangement in cancers (Mitelman et al ., 1997; Padilla-Nash et al ., 2001). To date, annotation of the human centromere repetitive sequences remains incomplete, greatly hindering in-depth functional studies of these regions essential for chromosome segregation. In order to monitor sister chromatid exchange happening at the centromere (C-SCE) due to recombination and mutagenic events, I have applied the Chromosome-Orientation Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (CO-FISH) technique to centromeres (Cen-CO-FISH) in human cells...
April 5, 2018: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748884/predictors-of-residual-disease-after-breast-conservation-surgery
#2
Lisa J Findlay-Shirras, Oussama Outbih, Charlene N Muzyka, Katie Galloway, Pamela C Hebbard, Maged Nashed
INTRODUCTION: Breast-conserving therapy is the standard of care for early-stage breast cancer. In the era of multimodality therapy, the debate on the value of revision surgery for compromised margins continues, and high re-excision rates persist despite updated guidelines. Our study sought to identify the local re-excision rate for compromised margins after lumpectomy, and identify predictors of residual disease at re-excision. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study included women with breast cancer who underwent a lumpectomy between 2009 and 2012 in Manitoba, with close (≤ 2 mm) or positive margins that led to re-excision...
May 10, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661561/clinically-actionable-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Kathryn E Harlow, Jonathan A Africa, Alan Wells, Patricia H Belt, Cynthia A Behling, Ajay K Jain, Jean P Molleston, Kimberly P Newton, Philip Rosenthal, Miriam B Vos, Stavra A Xanthakos, Joel E Lavine, Jeffrey B Schwimmer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in whom intervention for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides was indicated based on National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter, longitudinal cohort study included children with NAFLD enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655624/post-immunization-leucocytosis-and-its-implications-for-the-management-of-febrile-infants
#4
Sarah Prentice, Zephyrian Kamushaaga, Stephen B Nash, Alison M Elliott, Hazel M Dockrell, Stephen Cose
AIMS: Clinical guidelines for management of infants with fever but no evident focus of infection recommend that those aged 1-3 months with a white cell count >15 × 109 /l have a full septic screen and be admitted for parenteral antibiotics. However, there is limited information about leucocyte changes following routine immunization, a common cause of fever. We investigated white cell counts shortly after routine immunization in Ugandan infants under 3 months of age. METHODS: White cell counts were measured in 212 healthy infants following routine immunizations (DTwP-HepB-Hib, oral polio and pneumococcal conjugate 7 vaccines) received prior to 3 months of age...
April 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644966/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#5
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617787/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#6
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570737/implementing-parallel-spreadsheet-models-for-health-policy-decisions-the-impact-of-unintentional-errors-on-model-projections
#7
Stephanie L Bailey, Rose S Bono, Denis Nash, April D Kimmel
BACKGROUND: Spreadsheet software is increasingly used to implement systems science models informing health policy decisions, both in academia and in practice where technical capacity may be limited. However, spreadsheet models are prone to unintentional errors that may not always be identified using standard error-checking techniques. Our objective was to illustrate, through a methodologic case study analysis, the impact of unintentional errors on model projections by implementing parallel model versions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570723/hiv-treatment-eligibility-expansion-and-timely-antiretroviral-treatment-initiation-following-enrollment-in-hiv-care-a-metaregression-analysis-of-programmatic-data-from-22-countries
#8
Olga Tymejczyk, Ellen Brazier, Constantin Yiannoutsos, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Keri Althoff, Brenda Crabtree-Ramírez, Kinh Van Nguyen, Elizabeth Zaniewski, Francois Dabis, Jean d'Amour Sinayobye, Nanina Anderegg, Nathan Ford, Radhika Wikramanayake, Denis Nash
BACKGROUND: The effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) eligibility expansions on patient outcomes, including rates of timely ART initiation among those enrolling in care, has not been assessed on a large scale. In addition, it is not known whether ART eligibility expansions may lead to "crowding out" of sicker patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We examined changes in timely ART initiation (within 6 months) at the original site of HIV care enrollment after ART eligibility expansions among 284,740 adult ART-naïve patients at 171 International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) network sites in 22 countries where national policies expanding ART eligibility were introduced between 2007 and 2015...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566109/adoption-of-total-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#9
Andrea Cercek, Campbell S D Roxburgh, Paul Strombom, J Joshua Smith, Larissa K F Temple, Garrett M Nash, Jose G Guillem, Philip B Paty, Rona Yaeger, Zsofia K Stadler, Kenneth Seier, Mithat Gonen, Neil H Segal, Diane L Reidy, Anna Varghese, Jinru Shia, Efsevia Vakiani, Abraham J Wu, Christopher H Crane, Marc J Gollub, Julio Garcia-Aguilar, Leonard B Saltz, Martin R Weiser
Importance: Treatment of locally advanced rectal (LARC) cancer involves chemoradiation, surgery, and chemotherapy. The concept of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT), in which chemoradiation and chemotherapy are administered prior to surgery, has been developed to optimize delivery of effective systemic therapy aimed at micrometastases. Objective: To compare the traditional approach of preoperative chemoradiation (chemoRT) followed by postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with the more recent TNT approach for LARC...
March 22, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481580/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#10
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453552/hiv-related-stigma-social-support-and-psychological-distress-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-ethiopia
#11
Angela Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
Recent World Health Organization HIV treatment guideline expansion may facilitate timely antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. However, large-scale success of universal treatment strategies requires a more comprehensive understanding of known barriers to early ART initiation. This work aims to advance a more comprehensive understanding of interrelationships among three known barriers to ART initiation: psychological distress, HIV-related stigma, and low social support. We analyzed cross-sectional interview data on 1175 adults initiating ART at six HIV treatment clinics in Ethiopia...
February 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427486/management-of-patients-with-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-nash-in-real-life
#12
REVIEW
Lawrence Serfaty
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a prevalent condition that is associated with the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and with no approved treatment options except for lifestyle changes. Guidelines have been drafted for the management of NAFLD patients in this setting. Because of the lack of real-life cohort data, we will focus on practice surveys on the management of patients with NAFLD/NASH, which included primary care practitioners, gastroenterologists/hepatologists and other specialists from various countries...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204050/current-and-emerging-pharmacological-therapy-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
EDITORIAL
Ahad Eshraghian
The main treatment of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is life style modification including weight reduction and dietary regimen. Majority of patients are safely treated with this management and pharmacologic interventions are not recommended. However, a subgroup of NAFLD patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) who cannot achieve goals of life style modification may need pharmacological therapy. One major obstacle is measurement of histological outcome by liver biopsy which is an invasive method and is not recommended routinely in these patients...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203594/responding-to-a-community-s-concern-a-comparison-of-breast-cancer-characteristics-and-initial-treatment-in-three-selected-north-carolina-counties
#14
Anissa I Vines, William R Carpenter, Ronald C Chen, Michele W Cherry, Debra G Long, Keith D Amos, Paul A Godley
BACKGROUND A 2007 national report identified North Carolina's Edgecombe County as having among the highest breast cancer incidence and mortality rates nationally, motivating the initiation of a task force and other local efforts to address the problem. The goal of this study is to examine county breast cancer characteristics before and after the report, including whether geographic variation may mask racial disparities in this majority African American community. METHOD With guidance from community partners, breast cancer cases from 2000 to 2012 in Edgecombe, Nash, and Orange Counties (N = 2,641) were obtained from the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry...
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167949/survey-of-beaver-related-restoration-practices-in-rangeland-streams-of-the-western-usa
#15
David S Pilliod, Ashley T Rohde, Susan Charnley, Rachael R Davee, Jason B Dunham, Hannah Gosnell, Gordon E Grant, Mark B Hausner, Justin L Huntington, Caroline Nash
Poor condition of many streams and concerns about future droughts in the arid and semi-arid western USA have motivated novel restoration strategies aimed at accelerating recovery and increasing water resources. Translocation of beavers into formerly occupied habitats, restoration activities encouraging beaver recolonization, and instream structures mimicking the effects of beaver dams are restoration alternatives that have recently gained popularity because of their potential socioeconomic and ecological benefits...
January 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166877/a-prospective-study-examining-the-role-of-myocardial-fibrosis-in-outcome-following-mitral-valve-repair-in-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-rationale-and-design-of-the-mitral-finder-study
#16
Boyang Liu, Nicola C Edwards, Desley A H Neal, Christopher Weston, Gerard Nash, Nicolas Nikolaidis, Thomas Barker, Ramesh Patel, Moninder Bhabra, Richard P Steeds
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of chronic severe primary degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) is to repair the valve but identification of the optimal timing of surgery remains challenging. Current guidelines suggest 'watchful waiting' until the onset of symptoms or left ventricular (LV) dysfunction but these have been challenged as promoting 'rescue surgery'. Better predictors are required to inform decision-making in relation to the necessity and timing of surgery. Chronic volume overload is a stimulus for adverse adaptive LV remodelling...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108191/-an-interpretation-of-the-aasld-practice-guideline-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-2017
#17
Y M Nan, N Fu, W C Li, L L Kong, X W Yuan, S Y Zhang, L D Liu, Y Lu, L Y Cui
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) updated and published the Practice Guidance for the Diagnosis and Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in July 2017, which provides recommendations for the accurate diagnosis, treatment, and effective prevention of NAFLD. Related metabolic diseases should be considered during the initial evaluation of patients suspected of NAFLD. Noninvasive diagnostic techniques including transient elastography, magnetic resonance elastography, and serum biochemical models should be used to evaluate the development and progression of liver fibrosis in patients with NAFLD...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106066/pharmacotherapy-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-reflections-on-the-existing-evidence
#18
Jie Ting Tang, Yi Min Mao
Pharmacotherapy for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has not yet been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Over the past decade, a large number of clinical studies have explored the safety and efficacy of different drugs in treating nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), including diet pills, antioxidants, insulin sensitizers, lipid-lowering agents, anti-inflammatory cytokines, cytoprotective agents and intestinal probiotics. Based on the evidence from randomized controlled trials a number of academic groups have developed guidelines for the diagnosis and management of NAFLD and NASH...
November 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068312/the-role-of-proteomic-testing-in-improving-prognosis-and-care-planning-quality-measures-for-lung-cancer
#19
Ray D Page, A Christine Argento, David B Nash, Alexandria Skoufalos, Eric S Schaefer
PURPOSE: The Oncology Care Model (OCM) is a payment model from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services designed to reduce costs and improve quality in cancer care. Key components of quality for the OCM originate from the 13-component cancer care plan. We surveyed the literature to understand the value of prognosis in OCM-directed planning for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) care and to investigate how the results of a prognostic, proteomic biomarker test, the VeriStrat test, can help OCM-participating providers meet the specific quality measures...
September 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030951/timeliness-of-breast-cancer-treatment-within-the-alaska-tribal-health-system
#20
Stacy F Kelley, Gretchen M Day, Christine A DeCourtney, Sarah H Nash
PURPOSE: This study examined the time from breast cancer diagnosis to initiation of treatment among Alaska Native (AN) women. We evaluated the impact of age, cancer stage, and rural/urban residence at diagnosis. METHODS: We evaluated characteristics of women recorded in the Alaska Native Tumor Registry who received a first diagnosis of breast cancer between 2009 and 2013. Median time from diagnosis to treatment was assessed. Associations of demographic and clinical characteristics with timely initiation of treatment were evaluated using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
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