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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#1
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424640/redefining-critical-thinking-teaching-students-to-think-like-scientists
#2
Rodney M Schmaltz, Erik Jansen, Nicole Wenckowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420131/work-characteristics-associated-with-physical-functioning-in-women
#3
Aimee J Palumbo, Anneclaire J De Roos, Carolyn Cannuscio, Lucy Robinson, Jana Mossey, Julie Weitlauf, Lorena Garcia, Robert Wallace, Yvonne Michael
Women make up almost half of the labor force with older women becoming a growing segment of the population. Work characteristics influence physical functioning and women are at particular risk for physical limitations. However, little research has explored the effects of work characteristics on women's physical functioning. U.S. women between the ages of 50 and 79 were enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998. Women provided job titles and years worked at their three longest-held jobs (n = 79,147)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414862/editorial-perspective-longitudinal-research-in-autism-introducing-the-concept-of-chronogeneity
#4
EDITORIAL
Stelios Georgiades, Somer L Bishop, Thomas Frazier
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD or autism) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder. We are now at a critical juncture in autism research where we have the knowledge base and expertise to begin to think about studies that view heterogeneity, not as 'statistical noise' that can be 'accounted for' using data-reduction techniques (such as group trajectories), but rather as 'informative variance' that can help form a more precise and dynamic picture of autism. In this Editorial we coin a new term and introduce the concept of 'chronogeneity' for the study of autism heterogeneity in relation to the dimension of time (chrono)...
May 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414261/-support-your-client-at-the-space-that-they-re-in-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-prescribers-perspectives-on-prep-related-risk-compensation
#5
Sarah K Calabrese, Manya Magnus, Kenneth H Mayer, Douglas S Krakower, Adam I Eldahan, Lauren A Gaston Hawkins, Kristen Underhill, Nathan B Hansen, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, John F Dovidio
Despite the demonstrated effectiveness of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and evidence that most PrEP users do not engage in risk compensation (i.e., increased risk behavior due to a perceived decrease in HIV susceptibility), some healthcare providers report patient risk compensation to be a deterrent to prescribing PrEP. Overcoming this barrier is essential to supporting PrEP access and uptake among people at risk for HIV. To inform such efforts, this qualitative study explored PrEP-related risk compensation attitudes among providers with firsthand experience prescribing PrEP...
April 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412667/nurses-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-team-based-learning-participation-on-learning-style-team-behaviours-and-clinical-performance-an-exploration-of-written-reflections
#6
Elizabeth Oldland, Judy Currey, Julie Considine, Josh Allen
Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a teaching strategy designed to promote problem solving, critical thinking and effective teamwork and communication skills; attributes essential for safe healthcare. The aim was to explore postgraduate student perceptions of the role of TBL in shaping learning style, team skills, and professional and clinical behaviours. An exploratory descriptive approach was selected. Critical care students were invited to provide consent for the use for research purposes of written reflections submitted for course work requirements...
March 30, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409064/value-based-health-care-delivery-preventive-medicine-and-the-medicalization-of-public-health
#7
REVIEW
Andreas Vilhelmsson
The real paradigm shift for healthcare is often stated to include a transition from accentuating health care production and instead emphasize patient value by moving to a 'value-based health care delivery'. In this transition, personalized medicine is sometimes referred to as almost a panacea in solving the current and future health challenges. In theory, the progress of precision medicine sounds uncontroversial and most welcomed with its promise of a better healthcare for all, with real benefits for the individual patient provided a tailored and optimized treatment plan suitable for his or her genetic makeup...
March 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408899/abusive-supervision-and-job-dissatisfaction-the-moderating-effects-of-feedback-avoidance-and-critical-thinking
#8
Jing Qian, Baihe Song, Bin Wang
Although research on the antecedents of job dissatisfaction has been developed greatly, we know little about the role of abusive supervision in generating job dissatisfaction. The contingencies under which abusive supervision relates to employees' job dissatisfaction are still unknown. The present study aimed to fill this research gap by empirically exploring the abusive supervision-job dissatisfaction relationship as well as examining the moderating roles of feedback avoidance and critical thinking on this relationship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408379/-obesity-associated-breast-cancer-in-lean-women-metabolism-and-inflammation-as-critical-modifiers-of-risk
#9
EDITORIAL
Gerald V Denis, Julie R Palmer
Why is obesity only weakly associated with certain "obesity-driven" cancers? Recent population studies identify cohorts of high body mass index (BMI) subjects with unexpectedly reduced risk for breast and colon cancer, and normal BMI subjects with unexpectedly elevated risk for breast cancer, provoking hard thinking about cellular and molecular mechanisms that most strongly couple obesity to cancer occurrence or progression. Emerging work suggests that abnormal metabolism and its associated chronic inflammation make the difference...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399725/understanding-views-on-everyday-use-of-personal-health-information-insights-from-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
A L Hartzler, K Osterhage, G Demiris, E A Phelan, S M Thielke, A M Turner
BACKGROUND: Older adults apply various strategies to pursue healthy aging, but we know little about their views and use of personal health information to accomplish those ends. METHODS: As a first step in formulating the role of personal health information management (PHIM) in healthy aging, we explored the perspectives of older adults on health and health information used in their everyday lives through four focus groups with 25 community-dwelling adults aged 60 and over...
April 11, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395706/accumulation-of-content-validation-evidence-for-the-critical-thinking-self-assessment-scale
#11
Girija Gopinathan Nair, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten, Lynnette Leeseberg Stamler
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Critical thinking skills (CTS) are essential for nurses; assessing students' acquisition of these skills is a mandate of nursing curricula. This study aimed to develop a self-assessment instrument of critical thinking skills (Critical Thinking Self-Assessment Scale [CTSAS]) for students' self-monitoring. METHODS: An initial pool of 196 items across 6 core cognitive skills and 16 subskills were generated using the American Philosophical Association definition of CTS...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394051/scientific-elevator-speeches-a-communication-and-critical-thinking-tool
#12
Erin Rieger, Puja Aggarwal, Carrie Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386518/outcomes-assessment-in-clinical-trials-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-its-precursors-readying-for-short-term-and-long-term-clinical-trial-needs
#13
Holly Posner, Rosie Curiel, Chris Edgar, Suzanne Hendrix, Enchi Liu, David A Loewenstein, Glenn Morrison, Leslie Shinobu, Keith Wesnes, Philip D Harvey
An evolving paradigm shift in the diagnostic conceptualization of Alzheimer's disease is reflected in its recently updated diagnostic criteria from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association and the International Working Group. Additionally, it is reflected in the increased focus in this field on conducting prevention trials in addition to improving cognition and function in people with dementia. These developments are making key contributions towards defining new regulatory thinking around Alzheimer's disease treatment earlier in the disease continuum...
January 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385106/association-between-hemogram-parameters-and-survival-of-critically-ill-patients
#14
Ibrahim Karagoz, Gulali Aktas, Hamit Yoldas, Isa Yildiz, Muhammet Nur Ogun, Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan
AIM: Recently, hemogram parameters, such as mean platelet volume (MPV), had been proposed as novel inflammatory and prognostic factors. In present retrospective analysis, we aimed to determine and compare MPV of survived and dead patients whom admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of our institution. METHODS: We recorded hemogram parameters and other laboratory data and demographic characteristics of patients treated in ICU. Patients are divided into 2 groups-dead patients and survived patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383974/understanding-political-radicalization-the-two-pyramids-model
#15
Clark McCauley, Sophia Moskalenko
This article reviews some of the milestones of thinking about political radicalization, as scholars and security officials struggled after 9/11 to discern the precursors of terrorist violence. Recent criticism of the concept of radicalization has been recognized, leading to a 2-pyramids model that responds to the criticism by separating radicalization of opinion from radicalization of action. Security and research implications of the 2-pyramids model are briefly described, ending with a call for more attention to emotional experience in understanding both radicalization of opinion and radicalization of action...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383750/using-quantitative-literacy-to-enhance-critical-thinking-skills-in-undergraduate-nursing-students
#16
Edna Asknes
BACKGROUND: Critical thinking and quantitative literacy (QL) are similarly grounded: both focus on analyzing and evaluating evidence, identifying implications and consequences, drawing inferences, and communicating information. This teaching strategy was based on those commonalities and was designed so that undergraduate nursing students would enhance their critical thinking skills as they used their QL skills. METHOD: QL skills are most effective when taught, learned, and used to solve significant, pertinent problems...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383609/nursing-students-clinical-competencies-a-survey-on-clinical-education-objectives
#17
C Arrigoni, A M Grugnetti, R Caruso, M L Gallotti, P Borrelli, M Puci
BACKGROUND: Developing clearly defined competencies and identifying strategies for their measurement remain unfortunately a critical aspect of nursing training. In the current international context, which continues to be characterised by deep economic crisis, universities have a fundamental role to play in redefining the educational goals to respond to the expectations of certain geographical areas of interest, as underscored in the Bologna Process (Joint Declaration of the European Ministers of Education Convened in Bologna 19 June 1999)...
May 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382769/the-blindfolded-code-training-exercise
#18
Rami Ahmed, Kate Hughes, Patrick Hughes
BACKGROUND: Communication errors are the leading cause of preventable patient harm in medicine. There is little description in the literature of advanced techniques to teach crisis resource management (CRM) communication strategies, or how to improve real-time ineffective behaviour or habits that may persist despite appropriate behaviour and leadership witnessed in the simulation lab. CONTEXT: This article presents an advanced teaching technique to force the adoption of closed-loop communication strategies...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381884/investigating-the-correlation-between-pharmacy-student-performance-on-the-health-science-reasoning-test-and-a-critical-thinking-assignment
#19
Adwoa O Nornoo, Jonathan Jackson, Samantha Axtell
Objective. To determine whether there is a correlation between pharmacy students' scores on the Health Science Reasoning Test (HSRT) and their grade on a package insert assignment designed to assess critical thinking. Methods. The HSRT was administered to first-year pharmacy students during a critical-thinking course in the spring semester. In the same semester, a required package insert assignment was completed in a pharmacokinetics course. To determine whether there was a relationship between HSRT scores and grades on the assignment, a Spearman's rho correlation test was performed...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381632/accelerating-the-carbon-cycle-the-ethics-of-enhanced-weathering
#20
REVIEW
H Lawford-Smith, A Currie
Enhanced weathering, in comparison to other geoengineering measures, creates the possibility of a reduced cost, reduced impact way of decreasing atmospheric carbon, with positive knock-on effects such as decreased oceanic acidity. We argue that ethical concerns have a place alongside empirical, political and social factors as we consider how to best respond to the critical challenge that anthropogenic climate change poses. We review these concerns, considering the ethical issues that arise (or would arise) in the large-scale deployment of enhanced weathering...
April 2017: Biology Letters
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