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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216967/caring-for-transgender-people-looking-beyond-the-hype
#1
Jason J Ong, Darren B Russell, Kevan Wylie
This special issue of Sexual Health presents a collection of articles that addresses issues facing transgender individuals that are particularly challenging. Issues covered range from sexual health education in schools, the need for accurate epidemiological measurements, the perils of inaccurate diagnostic labels of transgender children, legal issues, the disproportionately high prevalence of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs), and the role of primary care. We need to think critically, constructively and compassionately about transgender people...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216601/measuring-critical-thinking-in-pre-registration-midwifery-students-a-multi-method-approach
#2
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: Test the concurrent validity of three newly developed tools (student self-rating, preceptor rating, and reflective writing) that aim to measure critical thinking in midwifery practice. DESIGN: A descriptive matched cohort design was used. SETTING: Australian research intensive university offering a three year Bachelor of Midwifery programme. SAMPLE: Fifty-five undergraduate midwifery students. METHODS: Students assessed their ability to apply critical thinking in midwifery practice using a 25-item tool and a 5-item subscale in Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215390/does-podcast-use-enhance-critical-thinking-in-nursing-education
#3
Cynthia A Blum
The purpose of this pilot interventional study was to examine relationships between adjunctive podcast viewing and nursing students' critical thinking (CT) abilities. Participants were last semester/preceptorship nursing students. The intervention group was given unrestricted access to a CT podcast. There was no statistical significance between Health Sciences Reasoning Test pretest and posttest scores, the number of times the podcast was viewed, and specific demographic factors. The results suggest that CT podcast viewing did not improve CT abilities...
December 5, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215375/pushing-critical-thinking-skills-with-multiple-choice-questions-does-bloom-s-taxonomy-work
#4
Nikki L Bibler Zaidi, Karri L Grob, Seetha M Monrad, Joshua B Kurtz, Andrew Tai, Asra Z Ahmed, Larry D Gruppen, Sally A Santen
Medical school assessments should foster the development of higher-order thinking skills to support clinical reasoning and a solid foundation of knowledge. Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are commonly used to assess student learning, and well-written MCQs can support learner engagement in higher levels of cognitive reasoning such as application or synthesis of knowledge. Bloom's taxonomy has been used to identify MCQs that assess students' critical thinking skills, with evidence suggesting that higher-order MCQs support a deeper conceptual understanding of scientific process skills...
December 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215187/the-use-of-orientation-decision-do-discuss-reflect-od3r-method-to-increase-critical-thinking-skill-and-practical-skill-in-biochemistry-learning
#5
Yunita Arian Sani Anwar, Senam Senam, Endang W Laksono
We have developed an OD3R method that can be applied on Biochemistry learning. This OD3R consists of 5 phases: orientation, decision, do, discuss, and reflect to connect lessons in the class with practice in the laboratory. Implementation of OD3R method was done in 2 universities in Yogyakarta to increase critical thinking skill and practical skill of the students. The critical thinking skills were assessed using modified Hoyo rubric according to student's ability in writing laboratory work report. Practical skill was assessed using a rubric with 6 practical skill categories: procedural skill, manipulative skill, observation skill, drawing skill, interpretation skill, and presentation skill...
December 7, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209260/awareness-and-awakening-a-narrative-oriented-inquiry-of-undergraduate-students-development-of-mindful-agency-in-china
#6
Qing Wang, Ho Chung Law, Yan Li, Zhanfei Xu, Weiguo Pang
The article explores undergraduate students' experiences of developing mindful agency as a positive learning disposition, their perceived change as a learner, and the possible impact of mindful agency coaching on students' learning and personal growth, using a narrative research method. Seventy Chinese undergraduate students generated personal reflective journals and eight participants' journals were selected to enter into the narrative-oriented inquiry. Our analysis revealed a number of primary themes based on which we produced a meta-story...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207742/use-of-multi-response-format-test-in-the-assessment-of-medical-students-critical-thinking-ability
#7
Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad, Seyyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Alireza Monajemi, Mohammad Jalili, Akbar Soltani, Javad Rasouli
Introduction: To evaluate students critical thinking skills effectively, change in assessment practices is must. The assessment of a student's ability to think critically is a constant challenge, and yet there is considerable debate on the best assessment method. There is evidence that the intrinsic nature of open and closed-ended response questions is to measure separate cognitive abilities. Aim: To assess critical thinking ability of medical students by using multi-response format of assessment...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205423/different-games-of-moral-bioenhancement
#8
Vojin Rakić, Harris Wiseman
Rakić has serious misgivings about Wiseman's inability to frame ethical issues in the context of transcending existing realities (the 'is') with the aim of achieving what we believe is morally right (the 'ought'). This inability to think beyond the present is misguided in ethics. He also criticizes Wiseman for making the unimaginative and unsubstantiated assumption that moral bioenhancement (MBE) technologies have reached their zenith already. Rakić argues that MBE will become more effective in the time to come, that it ought to be optional for every free individual, and that it should be directed at enhancing our motivation to act in line with how we believe we ought to act...
December 4, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203699/inside-the-literature-an-interview-with-sally-g-hoskins-2017-recipient-of-the-elizabeth-w-jones-award-for-excellence-in-education
#9
Sally G Hoskins
The Genetics Society of America's Elizabeth W. Jones Award for Excellence in Education recognizes significant and sustained impact on genetics education. The 2017 recipient is Sally G. Hoskins, in recognition of her role in developing and promoting the transformative science education method CREATE (Consider, Read, Elucidate hypotheses, Analyze and interpret data, and Think of the next Experiment). This innovative approach uses primary literature to engage students, allowing them to experience for themselves the creativity and challenge of study design, analysis, interpretation, collaboration, and debate...
December 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203069/thinking-critically-about-health-and-human-animal-relations-therapeutic-affect-within-spaces-of-care-farming
#10
Richard Gorman
This article draws on a more-than-representational approach to reconsider how geographers engage with ideas of 'health'. Health can be understood as the constant reshaping of an individual's capacity to affect and be affected, the way in which a body's powers to act are dynamically augmented or diminished by different affective relations. The article also addresses calls for health geography to engage with the more-than-human. The article mobilises a qualitative study of 'care farming' within England and Wales to highlight the generative potential of human-animal relations in (re)shaping the diverse affective relations gathered together to produce new bodily capacities...
November 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202164/lessons-learned-by-a-founding-dean-college-of-health-and-human-services-at-western-kentucky-university
#11
John A Bonaguro
This article describes the process in the development and implementation of the College of Health and Human Services at Western Kentucky University. Lessons learned and insights gained as an inaugural dean are presented around four main themes: creating a culture of trust and transparency, leaders of change, strategic planning, and cultivating external resources. The application of change theory, transformational leadership, and systems thinking enabled the college to more than double its enrollment and to address critical workforce needs in health and human services...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201255/english-education-for-healthcare-professionals-in-japan
#12
REVIEW
Janelle Moross, Naoko Seki, Ikuko Morio
In a global environment, education for healthcare professionals should include cultivating human resources who have the necessary skills to work in an international arena. This article will review the current status of English education for dental healthcare professionals in Japan. After conducting a literature search using the keywords: English education, Japan, and dental, only a few studies were found that investigated and proposed suggestions for dental professional English education. Even so, these were still in the early stages with outcomes yet to be fully evaluated...
November 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199109/a-supramodal-role-of-the-basal-ganglia-in-memory-and-motor-inhibition-meta-analytic-evidence
#13
Yuhua Guo, Taylor W Schmitz, Marieke Mur, Catarina S Ferreira, Michael C Anderson
The ability to stop actions and thoughts is essential for goal-directed behaviour. Neuroimaging research has revealed that stopping actions and thoughts engage similar cortical mechanisms, including the ventro- and dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex. However, whether and how these abilities require similar subcortical mechanisms remains unexplored. Specifically of interest are the basal ganglia, subcortical structures long-known for their motor functions, but less so for their role in cognition. To investigate the potential common mechanisms in the basal ganglia underlying action and thought stopping, we conducted meta-analyses using fMRI data from the Go/No-Go, Stop-signal, and Think/No-Think tasks...
November 30, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197689/action-research-and-millennials-improving-pedagogical-approaches-to-encourage-critical-thinking
#14
Gwen Erlam, Liz Smythe, Valerie Wright-St Clair
BACKGROUND: This article examines the effects of intergenerational diversity on pedagogical practice in nursing education. While generational cohorts are not entirely homogenous, certain generational features do emerge. These features may require alternative approaches in educational design in order to maximize learning for millennial students. METHOD: Action research is employed with undergraduate millennial nursing students (n=161) who are co-researchers in that they are asked for changes in current simulation environments which will improve their learning in the areas of knowledge acquisition, skill development, critical thinking, and communication...
November 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197263/effects-of-using-mobile-device-based-academic-electronic-medical-records-for-clinical-practicum-by-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#15
Mona Choi, HyeongSuk Lee, Joon Ho Park
INTRODUCTION: The academic electronic medical record (AEMR) system is applied with the expectation that nursing students will be able to attain competence in healthcare decision-making and nursing informatics competencies. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the advantage of applying mobile devices to clinical practicum. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effect of an experiment that introduced a mobile AEMR application for undergraduate nursing students in their practicum...
November 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195055/neuromuscular-junction-formation-aging-and-disorders
#16
Lei Li, Wen-Cheng Xiong, Lin Mei
Synapses, the fundamental unit in neuronal circuits, are critical for learning and memory, perception, thinking, and reaction. The neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is a synapse formed between motoneurons and skeletal muscle fibers that is wrapped by Schwann cells (SCs). It is essential for controlling muscle contraction. NMJ formation requires intimate interactions among motoneurons, muscles, and SCs. Deficits in NMJ formation and maintenance cause neuromuscular disorders, including congenital myasthenic syndrome and myasthenia gravis...
December 1, 2017: Annual Review of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194304/fostering-student-success-turning-off-practice-assessment-rationales-to-improve-proctored-assessment-scores
#17
Elizabeth A Palmer, Joyce A Shanty, Amy Labant, Beverly Rossiter
Preparing students with opportunities to practice critical thinking skills is essential to success on the National Council Licensure Examination. This pilot study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of turning off practice assessment answers and rationales on a standardized examination. A retrospective study compared students' scores when rationales were turned on and turned off. Eighty-one percent of the students were able to achieve the benchmark when the answers and rationales were turned off as compared to 71 percent when turned on...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193654/technology-experience-of-solid-organ-transplant-patients-and-their-overall-willingness-to-use-interactive-health-technology
#18
Jasper M M Vanhoof, Bert Vandenberghe, David Geerts, Pieter Philippaerts, Patrick De Mazière, Annette DeVito Dabbs, Sabina De Geest, Fabienne Dobbels
BACKGROUND: The use of interactive health technology (IHT) is a promising pathway to tackle self-management problems experienced by many chronically ill patients, including solid organ transplant (Tx) patients. Yet, to ensure that the IHT is accepted and used, a human-centered design process is needed, actively involving end users in all steps of the development process. A first critical, predevelopment step involves understanding end users' characteristics. This study therefore aims to (a) select an IHT platform to deliver a self-management support intervention most closely related to Tx patients' current use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), (b) understand Tx patients' overall willingness to use IHT for self-management support, and investigate associations with relevant technology acceptance variables, and (c) explore Tx patients' views on potential IHT features...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189493/what-family-physicians-really-think-of-maintenance-of-certification-part-ii-activities
#19
Edward Marshall Brooks, Martha Gonzalez, Aimee R Eden, Jonathan OʼNeal, Roy T Sabo, Rebecca S Etz
INTRODUCTION: This study examines how improving curricular content and technical interface issues could make maintenance of certification activities more meaningful to American Board of Family Medicine diplomates completing Maintenance of Certification for Family Physicians (MC-FP) Program self-assessment modules (SAMs). METHODS: We used a sequential exploratory design to analyze quantitative and qualitative data from 320,500 surveys of family physicians who completed a SAM between January 2004 and April 2013...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187116/excellence-by-design-the-patricia-a-hickey-award-for-excellence-in-cardiovascular-nursing
#20
Patricia A Hickey
This award reflects the high-impact contributions of pediatric critical care nurses that have helped to shape the field. Lessons from an ongoing career in nursing leadership are shared by Dr Patricia Hickey. Four themes are highlighted which include (1) our role models/mentors, (2) our profession and its impact, (3) our teams and environments of excellence, and (4) our bright future. Program and practice excellence does not just happen. It requires strategic thinking, deliberative processes, risk-taking and guts to create and sustain...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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