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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#1
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658142/firearm-storage-practices-and-risk-perceptions-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-veterans-with-and-without-self-harm-risk-factors
#2
Joseph A Simonetti, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
Despite the disproportionate use of firearms in Veteran suicides and the well-established link between firearm access and suicide, little is known about how Veterans store their firearms or what they think about the relationship between firearm access and suicide risk. Using data from 2015 nationally representative online survey (response rate 60.9%), we compare characteristics of Veteran firearm owners with and without self-harm risk factors with respect to how they store their firearms and their beliefs about suicide risk related to firearms...
April 15, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656369/seeking-for-the-definition-of-culture-current-concerns-and-their-implications-a-comment-on-gustav-jahoda-s-article-critical-reflections-on-some-recent-definitions-of-culture
#3
Irina A Mironenko, Pavel S Sorokin
This article takes as a starting point the critical analysis of attempts to define "culture", offered by Jahoda in 2012. Basing on the observed proliferation of various, often contradicting, definitions of "culture" (for instance, trying to refer to its both internal and external aspects), Jahoda arrives at the conclusion that attempts to define the concept of "culture" are vain and useless and it is quite practicable simply to use the term without seeking to define it. We find it hard to agree with this statement...
April 14, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650175/factors-that-affect-the-development-of-nurses-competencies-a-systematic-review
#4
Ichsan Rizany, Rr Tutik Sri Hariyati, Hanny Handayani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors affecting the development of nursing competency based on a review of the literature. METHOD: A systematic review was utilized. The articles were taken from the databases of Pro-Quest, ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, and Scopus. They were retrieved using the following keywords: nursing competence, nurse competencies and clinical competence. Twenty-one papers were selected. RESULTS: Competence development is a continuous process of improving knowledge, attitudes and skills, and is influenced by a myriad of factors...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629932/the-effect-of-concept-maps-on-undergraduate-nursing-students-critical-thinking
#5
Janet K Garwood, Azza H Ahmed, Sara A McComb
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of using concept maps as a teaching and learning strategy on students' critical thinking abilities and examine students' perceptions toward concept maps utilizing the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. BACKGROUND: Researchers have found that almost two thirds of nurse graduates do not have adequate critical thinking skills for a beginner nurse. Critical thinking skills are required for safe practice and mandated by accrediting organizations...
April 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627999/moral-competence-among-nurses-in-malawi-a-concept-analysis-approach
#6
Veronica Mary Maluwa, Elizabeth Gwaza, Betty Sakala, Esnath Kapito, Ruth Mwale, Clara Haruzivishe, Ellen Chirwa
BACKGROUND: Nurses are expected to provide comprehensive, holistic and ethically accepted care according to their code of ethics and practice. However, in Malawi, this is not always the case. This article analyses moral competence concept using the Walker and Avant's strategy of concept analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to analyse moral competence concept in relation to nursing practice and determine defining attributes, antecedents and consequences of moral competence in nursing practice...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622047/a-randomised-active-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-an-online-mindfulness-intervention-on-executive-control-critical-thinking-and-key-thinking-dispositions-in-a-university-student-sample
#7
Chris Noone, Michael J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Arguments for including mindfulness instruction in higher education have included claims about the benefits of mindfulness practice for critical thinking. While there is theoretical support for this claim, empirical support is limited. The aim of this study was to test this claim by investigating the effects of an online mindfulness intervention on executive function, critical thinking skills and associated thinking dispositions. METHOD: Participants recruited from a university were randomly allocated, following screening, to either a mindfulness meditation group or a sham meditation group...
April 5, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621292/strategic-predictors-of-performance-in-a-divided-attention-task
#8
Róbert Adrian Rill, Kinga Bettina Faragó, András Lőrincz
In this study we investigate the strategies of subjects in a complex divided attention task. We conducted a series of experiments with ten participants and evaluated their performance. After an extensive analysis, we identified four strategic measures that justify the achievement of the participants, by highlighting the individual differences and predicting performance in a regression analysis using generalized estimating equations. Selecting the more urgent task and user action between multiple simultaneous possibilities form two of the strategic decisions, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619664/constructing-critical-thinking-in-health-professional-education
#9
Renate Kahlke, Kevin Eva
INTRODUCTION: Calls for enabling 'critical thinking' are ubiquitous in health professional education. However, there is little agreement in the literature or in practice as to what this term means and efforts to generate a universal definition have found limited traction. Moreover, the variability observed might suggest that multiplicity has value that the quest for universal definitions has failed to capture. In this study, we sought to map the multiple conceptions of critical thinking in circulation in health professional education to understand the relationships and tensions between them...
April 4, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617596/causal-thinking-as-a-critical-tool-for-eliminating-social-inequalities-in-health
#10
M Maria Glymour, Rita Hamad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609274/-practice-and-thinking-about-the-establishment-and-management-of-burn-intensive-care-unit
#11
X J Li
The treatment of critically burned patients has benefited from the development of knowledge and technologies that we got in critical care medicine of our country in the past ten years. The close-ended management model of general intensive care unit (ICU) and the idea of general ICU doctors who treat the monitoring of organ function and alternative therapy of organs as their primary tasks would affect the treatments for special critical patients hospitalized in general ICU, especially for those patients who were severely burned...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608999/experimental-effects-of-acute-exercise-and-music-listening-on-cognitive-creativity
#12
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to extend previous experimental work suggesting that both exercise and music-based interventions may influence creativity processes, by investigating the independent influences of exercise or music stimuli on verbal creative performances in the laboratory environment. METHODS: 32 students at the University of Mississippi participated in this within-subject intervention, which included three laboratory visits per participant...
March 30, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605169/burnout-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-paediatric-critical-care-personnel-prediction-from-resilience-and-coping-styles
#13
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Olga Ordóñez, Ana Llorente
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were (1) to explore the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Spanish staff working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and compare these rates with a sample of general paediatric staff and (2) to explore how resilience, coping strategies, and professional and demographic variables influence BOS and PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre, cross-sectional study. Data were collected in the PICU and in other paediatric wards of nine hospitals...
March 28, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603033/factorial-validity-of-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale-tas-20-in-clinical-samples-a-critical-examination-of-the-literature-and-a-psychometric-study-in-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Sandra Torres, Marina P Guerra, Kylee Miller, Patrício Costa, Inês Cruz, Filipa M Vieira, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Magda Rocha
There is extensive use of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in research and clinical practice in anorexia nervosa (AN), though it is not empirically established in this population. This study aims to examine the factorial validity of the TAS-20 in a Portuguese AN sample (N = 125), testing four different models (ranging from 1 to 4 factors) that were identified in critical examination of existing factor analytic studies. Results of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggested that the three-factor solution, measuring difficulty identifying (DIF) and describing feelings (DDF), and externally oriented thinking (EOT), was the best fitting model...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600242/circulatory-insufficiency-and-hypotension-related-to-the-ductus-arteriosus-in-neonates
#15
REVIEW
Danielle R Rios, Soume Bhattacharya, Philip T Levy, Patrick J McNamara
The biological role of the ductus arteriosus (DA) in neonates varies from an innocent bystander role during normal postnatal transition, to a supportive role when there is compromise to either systemic or pulmonary blood flow, to a pathological state in the presence of hemodynamically significant systemic to pulmonary shunts, as occurs in low birth weight infants. Among a wide array of clinical manifestations arising due to the ductal entity, systemic circulatory insufficiency and hypotension are of significant concern as they are particularly challenging to manage...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596104/simulation-to-prepare-graduate-nursing-students-for-clinical-faculty-role
#16
Jill M Forcina Hill, Lisa Woodley, Megan Goodwin
Limited clinical sites and faculty to teach graduate students to be undergraduate clinical faculty have led to the exploration of innovative teaching strategies. This article describes and evaluates a simulation experience to supplement didactic learning about best clinical teaching practices within a graduate nursing course. Scenarios were created to simulate complex teaching situations with a patient, an undergraduate nursing student, and a clinical faculty member. Evaluations were positive regarding knowledge, performance, self-confidence, critical thinking, and satisfaction...
March 28, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594095/one-health-ness-evaluation-of-cysticercosis-surveillance-design-in-portugal
#17
REVIEW
Ana Gloria Fonseca, Jorge Torgal, Daniele de Meneghi, Sarah Gabriël, Ana Cláudia Coelho, Manuela Vilhena
The increasing occurrence of human cysticercosis, a zoonotic neglected disease, is challenging the traditional prevention and control paradigm and calling for One Health (OH) solutions in industrialized countries. OH solutions for health interventions are increasingly being used to capture expected and unexpected outcomes across people, animals, and the environment. The Network for Evaluation of One Health (NEOH) proposes an evidence-based framework, relying on systems and mixed methods approaches to evaluate the One Health-ness...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592827/managing-stress-in-a-crisis
#18
Alison Wright-Reid
Crisis situations are inherently uncertain and threatening. Although the primal stress reactions they provoke deliver some advantages, they so severely restrict intellect and behaviour that consultants observe crisis teams making the same mistakes over and again. Stress risks can be managed before, during and after a crisis. Crisis planning can select the right people, control the crisis team environment, and mitigate fatigue risks and memory demands. Because stress reactions are primitive, stress can be manipulated at a remarkably primitive level and teams can increase their resilience through such basics as sleep and breathing skills...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587740/a-communication-focused-curriculum-for-dental-students-an-experiential-training-approach
#19
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BACKGROUND: Successful interaction and communication with patients is as vital for dentists as it is for physicians. Therefore, the aim of this study was the development and evaluation of an interactive, experiential training curriculum with an emphasis on communication for dual degree seekers of medicine and dentistry. METHODS: A pre-clinical course with an emphasis in physician/dentist-patient communication and interaction was adapted by a team of subject experts based largely on the propositions of Experiential Learning Theory...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580965/designing-a-nurse-delivered-delirium-bundle-what-intensive-care-unit-staff-survivors-and-their-families-think
#20
Leona Bannon, Jennifer McGaughey, Mike Clarke, Daniel F McAuley, Bronagh Blackwood
BACKGROUND: Implementation of quality improvement interventions can be enhanced by exploring the perspectives of those who will deliver and receive them. We designed a non-pharmacological bundle for delirium management for a feasibility trial, and we sought to obtain the views of intensive care unit (ICU) staff, survivors, and families on the barriers and facilitators to its implementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the barriers and facilitators to a multicomponent bundle for delirium management in critically ill patients comprising (1) education and family participation, (2) sedation minimisation and pain, agitation, and delirium protocol, (3) early mobilisation, and (4) environmental interventions for sleep, orientation, communication, and cognitive stimulation...
March 23, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
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