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Pediatric RCP

Zheng Guo, Ren-Jie Hu, De-Ming Zhu, Zhong-Qun Zhu, Hai-Bo Zhang, Wei Wang
To compare the safety and usefulness of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) during pediatric open heart surgery. Between January 1, 2004 and September 30, 2012, 1250 children with congenital cardiac defect underwent corrective operation with the DHCA or RCP technique in the Shanghai Children's Medical Center. Of them, 947 cases underwent the operation with the aid of DHCA (DHCA group), and 303 cases with RCP (RCP group). The mean DHCA time was 30.64±15.81 (7-63) minutes and mean RCP time was 36...
September 2013: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Eve K Mościcki, Diana E Clarke, S Janet Kuramoto, Helena C Kraemer, William E Narrow, David J Kupfer, Darrel A Regier
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the clinical utility and feasibility of proposed DSM-5 criteria and measures as tested in the DSM-5 Field Trials in Routine Clinical Practice Settings (RCP). METHODS RCP data were collected online for six months (October 2011 to March 2012). Participants included psychiatrists, licensed clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, advanced practice psychiatric-mental health nurses, licensed counselors, and licensed marriage and family therapists. Clinicians received staged, online training and enrolled at least one patient...
October 2013: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Catherine Van Hulle Vincent, Diana J Wilkie, Edward Wang
We evaluated feasibility of the Internet-based Relieve Children's Pain (RCP) protocol to improve nurses' management of children's pain. RCP is an interactive, content-focused, and Kolb's experiential learning theory-based intervention. Using a one-group, pretest-posttest design, we evaluated feasibility of RCP and pretest-posttest difference in scores for nurses' beliefs, and simulated and actual pain management practices. Twenty-four RNs completed an Internet-based Pain Beliefs and Practices Questionnaire (PBPQ, alpha=...
October 2011: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Huong Thi Thu Vu, Lay Myint Yoshida, Motoi Suzuki, Hien Anh Thi Nguyen, Cat Dinh Lien Nguyen, Ai Thi Thuy Nguyen, Kengo Oishi, Takeshi Yamamoto, Kiwao Watanabe, Thiem Dinh Vu
BACKGROUND: The interplay between nasopharyngeal bacterial carriage, viral coinfection, and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) is poorly understood. We explored this association in Vietnamese children aged less than 5 years. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study of pediatric LRTIs was conducted in Nha Trang, Vietnam. A total of 550 hospitalized children (274 radiologically confirmed pneumonia [RCP] and 276 other LRTIs) were enrolled and 350 healthy controls were randomly selected from the community...
January 2011: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Hui Zhang, Pei Cheng, Jia Hou, Lei Li, Hu Liu, Ruifang Liu, Bingyang Ji, Yi Luo
One-stage repair of aortic arch obstruction and associated cardiac anomalies is a surgical challenge in infants.The purpose of the present study is to review the current outcome using regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) during a procedure correcting interrupted aortic arch (IAA) and also isolated aortic coarctation (CoA) and CoA combined with hypoplastic aortic arch (CoA-HyAA) in our center. Between January 2007 and July 2008, 24 infant patients with interrupted aortic arch (IAA) (n=3), isolated aortic coarctation (iCoA) (n=9) and aortic coarctation with hypoplastic aortic arch (CoA-HyAA) (n=12) underwent one-stage surgical correction in our hospital...
May 2009: Perfusion
Meg H Zeller, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Christina Ramey
OBJECTIVE: It is asserted that the more immediate and observable consequences of pediatric obesity are psychosocial in nature. This study examines the peer relations of clinically referred obese youth compared to demographically comparable nonoverweight peers within the classroom environment. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Peer-, teacher-, and self-reports of behavioral reputation (Revised Class Play (RCP)), and peer reports of social acceptance, nonsocial attributes (attractiveness, athleticism, academic competence), and health interference (school absence, illness, fatigue) were obtained regarding 90 obese youth (BMI > 95th percentile; 8-16 years, 57% girls, 50% African American) and 76 nonoverweight demographically similar comparison classmates...
April 2008: Obesity
Jinping Liu, Bingyang Ji, Zhengyi Feng, Chunhua Li, Bo Li, Yajun Lang, Cun Long
One stage repair of interrupted aortic arch (IAA) associated with cardiac anomalies in neonates and infants is challenging for the entire surgical team. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) prolongs myocardial and cerebral ischemia and may induce heart, brain, and major organ dysfunction. From May 2004 to May 2006, 13 infants with IAA underwent one stage repair by median sternotomy under DHCA with continuous regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) in Fuwai Children's Heart Center. Median age at operation was 10...
November 2007: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Shankar Seetharaman, Michael H Sosabowski, James R Ballinger
Parameters in the preparation of 99mTc-mertiatide (99mTc-MAG3) were investigated to determine the importance of total activity, activity concentration, boiling time, and delay before boiling for the radiochemical purity (RCP) and stability of the product. Satisfactory RCP results (>90%) were obtained over a range of concentrations including a dilute preparation for paediatric use. RCP was not affected by the time between the addition of pertechnetate and boiling, but low RCP (<60%) resulted when the kit was boiled for less than 10 min...
November 2007: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
A Rodríguez Núñez, J A Iglesias Vázquez et al.
The main survival factor in cardiac arrest secondary to ventricular fibrillation (VF) is the interval between collapse and defibrillation; consequently, this treatment constitutes one of the most important links in the survival chain in adults. Although VF is a rare cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in children, its detection and treatment is essential because in the pediatric cardiac arrest scenario, VF is the dysrhythmia with the best prognosis. Automated external defibrillators (AED) are simple devices that allow cardiac rhythm to be analyzed; they can also determine whether it is shockable or not with high sensitivity and specificity in adults and children...
August 2004: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
David Fitzgerald, Justin Resley, Alan Speir, Ruben Munoz, Aaron Hill
Techniques for the surgical correction of aortic aneurysms have steadily improved since the first described successful repair in 1955 by DeBakey et al. Despite these improvements, postoperative neurological complications remain a major factor in determining an adverse outcome. By using Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest (DHCA), Retrograde Cerebral Perfusion (RCP) and now Selective Antegrade Cerebral Perfusion (SACP), the surgeon may provide better cerebral protection during extensive arch reconstruction. A 73-year-old female presented with an abnormal chest X-ray...
September 2003: Perfusion
P M Darden, W Ector, C Moran, T G Quattlebaum
BACKGROUND: There is widespread agreement among pediatric educators that continuity (following a panel of patients on a first contact basis for all their health care) is an important part of the education of pediatricians. OBJECTIVE: To measure continuity in a pediatric residency practice and to compare this continuity with 2 nearby private general pediatric group practices. We also examined measures of continuity suggested in the literature. DESIGN: Visit data were obtained from the practice billing system for a resident continuity practice and 2 nearby private practices for the 3-year period from July 1, 1992, to June 30, 1995...
December 2001: Pediatrics
K E Noblett, R Meibalane
BACKGROUND: Respiratory care practitioners (RCPs) serve as the primary providers of neonatal endotracheal intubation (ETI) in our institution. ETIs are performed by registered respiratory therapists who have completed Pediatric Advanced Life Support and Neonatal Advanced Life Support training and have successfully completed 3 intubations under the direct supervision of a senior therapist. The purpose of this study was to (1) ascertain whether RCPs can successfully provide this type of service with acceptable complications rates and (2) survey the economic impact of this practice on patient charges in our hospital...
October 1995: Respiratory Care
M M Sockrider, G P Maguire, E Haponik, A Davis, B Boehlecke
STUDY OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine attitudes of respiratory care practitioners (RCPs) and RCP students toward pulmonary disease prevention behaviors and their role in promoting them. (2) To compare RCPs' attitudes regarding pulmonary prevention with existing medical student survey data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Three sites (Valhalla, NY; Winston-Salem, NC; Houston, TX). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety RCPs and 164 RCP students compared with 5,744 medical students...
October 1998: Chest
T Chambers
Conscious of its responsibilities to its Fellows and Members who are paediatricians, the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) is anxious to play its part, along with others, in maintaining and improving standards in paediatrics. Recognising the importance and prominence of the specialty within the generality of specialist medicine, and alongside general internal medicine, it has established a Paediatric Board, reporting directly to Council, which will deal with and advise on all matters concerning paediatrics and child health, and thus enhance the autonomy and influence of the specialty both within the College and on medical affairs in general...
January 1992: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
F R Berman, J T Fay
1. As mentioned previously in the literature, RCPs are commonly found in the young but become progressively less evident with advancing age. 2. The incidence of the RCP in Negroes is approximately the same as that in Caucasians. 3. Bilateral RCPs are more common than unilateral papillae. 4. The occurrence of RCPs is consistently more common in females than in males, in both Caucasians and Negroes. 5. Histologically, the RCPs are essentially normal, showing features indicative of those seen in frictional irritation during mastication and phonation...
July 1976: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
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