keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multiplex and cytokine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238195/cytokines-and-depression-in-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#1
Madeline Li, Ekaterina Kouzmina, Megan McCusker, Danielle Rodin, Paul C Boutros, Christopher J Paige, Gary Rodin
Objective: A better understanding of the biobehavioral mechanisms underlying depression in cancer is required to translate biomarker findings into clinical interventions. We tested for associations between cytokines and the somatic and psychological symptoms of depression in cancer patients and their healthy caregivers. Patients and methods: The GRID Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (Ham-D) was administered to 61 cancer patients of mixed type and stage, 26 primary caregivers and 38 healthy controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236046/advances-in-proteomic-techniques-for-cytokine-analysis-focus-on-melanoma-research
#2
REVIEW
Helena Kupcova Skalnikova, Jana Cizkova, Jakub Cervenka, Petr Vodicka
Melanoma is a skin cancer with permanently increasing incidence and resistance to therapies in advanced stages. Reports of spontaneous regression and tumour infiltration with T-lymphocytes makes melanoma candidate for immunotherapies. Cytokines are key factors regulating immune response and intercellular communication in tumour microenvironment. Cytokines may be used in therapy of melanoma to modulate immune response. Cytokines also possess diagnostic and prognostic potential and cytokine production may reflect effects of immunotherapies...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235261/interferon-%C3%AE-2-and-interferon-%C3%AE-induce-the-degranulation-independent-production-of-vegf-a-and-il-1-receptor-antagonist-and-other-mediators-from-human-mast-cells
#3
Sharon A Oldford, Suzanne P Salsman, Liliana Portales-Cervantes, Raidan Alyazidi, Robert Anderson, Ian D Haidl, Jean S Marshall
BACKGROUND: Mast cells are resident immune effector cells, often studied in the context of allergic disease. Found in substantial numbers at sites of potential infection they are increased at sites of angiogenesis and can be pivotal for the sensing and clearance of a variety of pathogens. Interferons (IFNs) are cytokines that are critical for host defence against intracellular pathogens. Increased levels of IFNs are observed during viral infection and in autoimmune diseases. IFNs are also widely used therapeutically and have been examined in the therapy of severe asthma...
December 13, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235255/immune-response-profiling-of-primary-monocytes-and-oral-keratinocytes-to-different-tannerella-forsythia-strains-and-their-cell-surface-mutants
#4
Susanne Bloch, Stephanie Zwicker, Nagihan Bostanci, Åsa Sjöling, Elisabeth A Boström, Georgios N Belibasakis, Christina Schäffer
The oral pathogen Tannerella forsythia possesses a unique surface (S-) layer with a complex O-glycan containing a bacterial sialic acid mimic in the form of either pseudaminic acid or legionaminic acid at its terminal position. We hypothesize that different T. forsythia strains employ these stereoisomeric sugar acids for interacting with the immune system and resident host tissues in the periodontium. Here, we show how T. forsythia strains ATCC 43037 and UB4, displaying pseudaminic acid and legionaminic acid, respectively, and selected cell surface mutants of these strains, modulate the immune response in monocytes and human oral keratinocytes (HOK) using a multiplex immunoassay...
December 12, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231065/serum-interleukin-6-levels-as-an-indicator-of-aseptic-meningitis-among-children-with-enterovirus-71-induced-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#5
Joo Young Lee, Minji Son, Jin Han Kang, Ui Yoon Choi
OBJECTIVES: The enterovirus EV71 is a major pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. Aseptic meningitis is the most common neurologic complication of EV71-induced HFMD. Lumbar puncture is a crucial procedure in the diagnosis of aseptic meningitis. It is often performed based on physicians' clinical suspicion. A diagnostic method that can aid in deciding whether this procedure should be performed is necessary. Cytokines are speculated to be associated with neurologic complications...
December 14, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228970/chemokine-and-cytokine-levels-in-the-lumbar-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-preterm-infants-with-post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus
#6
Gakwaya Habiyaremye, Diego M Morales, Clinton D Morgan, James P McAllister, Travis S CreveCoeur, Rowland H Han, Mohamed Gabir, Brandon Baksh, Deanna Mercer, David D Limbrick
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation has been implicated in the pathophysiology of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) of prematurity, but no comprehensive analysis of signaling molecules has been performed using human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). METHODS: Lumbar CSF levels of key cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, TNF-α, TGF-β1, IFN-γ) and chemokines (XCL-1, CCL-2, CCL-3, CCL-19, CXCL-10, CXCL-11, CXCL-12) were measured using conventional and multiplexed Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays and compared between preterm infants with PHH and those with no known neurological injury...
December 12, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228885/multiplex-analysis-of-serum-hormone-and-cytokine-in-patients-with-cervical-copll-towards-understanding-the-potential-pathogenic-mechanisms
#7
Guo-Dong Cai, Zhuang-Chen Zhu, Jun-Qin Wang, Guang Chen, Zeng Wang, Chen-Song Yang, Gui-Xin Sun
Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (cOPLL) is one of the major causes of myelopathy. However, the mechanism underlying remains elusive. In the present study, using MILLIPLEX magnetic bead panel, we investigated four serum hormones and six serum cytokines in cOPLL patients and healthy subjects. The results showed that tumor necrosis factore-α (TNF-α) were significantly increased, and DDK-1 was significantly decreased in the serum from male and female cOPLL patients compared with those from healthy controls, respectively...
October 2017: Growth Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225709/immunomodulatory-effects-of-human-cryopreserved-viable-amniotic-membrane-in-a-pro-inflammatory-environment-in-vitro
#8
Claire E Witherel, Tony Yu, Mark Concannon, Will Dampier, Kara L Spiller
Introduction: Chronic wounds remain a major clinical challenge. Human cryopreserved viable amniotic membrane (hCVAM) is among the most successful therapies, but the mechanisms of action remain loosely defined. Because proper regulation of macrophage behavior is critical for wound healing with biomaterial therapies, we hypothesized that hCVAM would positively regulate macrophage behavior in vitro, and that soluble factors released from the hCVAM would be important for this effect. Materials and Methods: Primary human pro-inflammatory (M1) macrophages were seeded directly onto intact hCVAM or cultured in separation via transwell inserts (Soluble Factors) in the presence of pro-inflammatory stimuli (interferon-γ and lipopolysaccharide) to simulate the chronic wound environment...
October 2017: Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224368/immune-response-proteins-as-predictive-biomarkers-of-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Li-Rong Yu, Zhijun Cao, Issam Makhoul, Jaclyn R Daniels, Suzanne Klimberg, Jeanne Y Wei, Jane Pf Bai, Jinong Li, Julia T Lathrop, Richard D Beger, Valentina K Todorova
Cancer treatment with doxorubicin (DOX) can induce cumulative dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Currently, there are no specific biomarkers that can identify patients at risk during the initial doses of chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to examine plasma cytokines/chemokines and potential cardiovascular biomarkers for the prediction of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. Plasma samples were collected before (T0), and after the first (T1) and the second (T2) cycles of DOX-based chemotherapy of 27 breast cancer patients, including five patients who presented with >10% decline of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), five patients with LVEF decline of 5-10%, and 17 patients who maintained normal LVEF at the end of chemotherapy (240 mg/m2 cumulative dose of DOX from four cycles of treatment)...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217668/induced-global-deletion-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-impairs-fracture-healing
#10
Anna E Rapp, Yasmine Hachemi, Julia Kemmler, Mascha Koenen, Jan Tuckermann, Anita Ignatius
Although endogenous glucocorticoids (GCs) are important regulators of bone integrity and the immune system, their role in bone repair after fracture-a process highly dependent on inflammation and bone formation-is unclear. Because most effects of GCs are mediated by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), we used an inducible global GR knockout (GRgtROSACreERT2) mouse model to eliminate endogenous GC action in all cells contributing to bone repair. The healing process was analyzed by cytokine/chemokine multiplex analysis, flow cytometry, histology, gene-expression analysis, microcomputed tomography, and biomechanical analysis...
December 7, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217402/inflammatory-profile-analysis-reveals-differences-in-cytokine-expression-between-smokers-moist-snuff-users-and-dual-users-compared-to-non-tobacco-consumers
#11
Judi Azevedo Sgambato, Bobbette A Jones, John W Caraway, G L Prasad
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The aim of this study is to investigate the inflammatory alterations due to the use of smokeless tobacco and dual use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes, relative to smoking. SUBJECTS: Plasma and saliva samples were collected from healthy smokers (SMK-100 subjects), moist snuff users (MSC-89 subjects), the dual users (DUSMK-49 subjects), and non-tobacco consumers (NTC-99 subjects) from two cross-sectional studies. METHODS: Luminex Human InflammationMAP® 1...
December 4, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214007/cytokine-levels-and-associations-with-symptom-severity-in-male-and-female-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Anne Masi, Edmond J Breen, Gail A Alvares, Nicholas Glozier, Ian B Hickie, Anna Hunt, Jennie Hui, John Beilby, David Ravine, John Wray, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Adam J Guastella
Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are complex, pervasive, and heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions with varying trajectories, significant male bias and largely unknown etiology. However, an understanding of the biological mechanisms driving pathophysiology is evolving. Immune system aberrations, as identified through cytokine profiles, are believed to have a role in ASD. Altered cytokine levels may facilitate identification of ASD subtypes as well as provide biological markers of response to effective treatments...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212942/factors-leading-to-the-loss-of-natural-elite-control-of-hiv-1-infection
#13
María Pernas, Laura Tarancón-Diez, Esther Rodríguez-Gallego, Josep Gómez, Julia G Prado, Concepción Casado, Beatriz Dominguez-Molina, Isabel Olivares, Maite Coiras, Agathe León, Carmen Rodriguez, Jose Miguel Benito, Norma Rallón, Montserrat Plana, Onofre Martinez-Madrid, Marta Dapena, Jose Antonio Iribarren, Jorge Del Romero, Felipe García, José Alcamí, M Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Francisco Vidal, Manuel Leal, Cecilio Lopez-Galindez, Ezequiel Ruiz-Mateos
HIV-1 elite controllers (EC) maintain undetectable viral load (VL) in the absence of antiretroviral treatment. However, these subjects have heterogeneous clinical outcomes including a proportion loosing HIV-1 control over time. In this work we compared, in a longitudinal design, transient EC, analyzed before and after the loss of virological control, versus persistent EC. The aim was to identify factors leading to the loss of natural virological control of HIV-1-infection with a longitudinal retrospective study design...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211968/men-and-women-differ-in-the-biochemical-composition-of-platelet-rich-plasma
#14
Grace Xiong, Nithya Lingampalli, Jayme C B Koltsov, Lawrence L Leung, Nidhi Bhutani, William H Robinson, Constance R Chu
BACKGROUND: Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used for a variety of clinical applications. However, clinical outcome studies have not consistently shown positive effects. The composition of PRP differs based on many factors. An improved understanding of factors influencing the composition of PRP is important for the optimization of PRP use. HYPOTHESIS: Age and sex influence the PRP composition in healthy patients. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210152/hbahp-25-attenuates-hiv-1-gp120-mediated-inflammation-and-barrier-dysfunction
#15
T Bashir, Kvr Reddy
OBJECTIVES: Development of HbAHP-25, a peptide that prevents HIV-1 entry into cells by blocking gp120-CD4 interaction, as a topical anti-HIV drug, necessitates that it is first tested for toxic or abrasive effects on genital epithelial cells and also on the vaginal microbiome. The present study was, therefore, undertaken to investigate whether: (1) HbAHP-25 has any adverse effect on growth and membrane integrity of various cell lines, and (2) HbAHP-25 neutralizes gp120 mediated insults on genital epithelial cells...
December 6, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209219/differential-effects-of-inhibitor-combinations-on-lysophosphatidic-acid-mediated-chemokine-secretion-in-unprimed-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-primed-synovial-fibroblasts
#16
Weili Hui, Chenqi Zhao, Sylvain G Bourgoin
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a pleiotropic bioactive lysophospholipid involved in inflammatory mediator synthesis. Signaling through p38MAPK, ERK, Rho kinase, and MSK-CREB contributes to LPA-mediated IL-8 production in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The study was undertaken to investigate how LPA activates MSKs and how signaling crosstalk between TNFα and LPA contributes to the super-production of cytokines/chemokines. RAFLS pretreated or not with TNFα were stimulated with LPA...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205349/perioperative-cytokine-levels-portend-early-death-after-pancreatectomy-for-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#17
Heather L Lewis, Jeff M Chakedis, Erin Talbert, Ericka Haverick, Priyani Rajasekera, Philip Hart, Mark Bloomston, Mary Dillhoff, Timothy M Pawlik, Denis Guttridge, Carl R Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Soluble signaling molecules may play an important role in malignant pathogenesis. We hypothesize that perioperative cytokine levels are associated with outcomes in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) undergoing surgical resection. METHODS: One hundered and eighteen patients with benign or malignant pancreatic disease were enrolled in a prospective study through a protocol for banking biologic samples. Peripheral blood was drawn at time of operation, and a multiplex cytokine assay was performed...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202780/transforming-growth-factor-beta-tgf-%C3%AE-in-adolescent-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#18
Vegard Bruun Wyller, Chinh Bkrong Nguyen, Judith Anita Ludviksen, Tom Eirik Mollnes
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a prevalent and disabling condition among adolescent. The disease mechanisms are unknown. Previous studies have suggested elevated plasma levels of several cytokines, but a recent meta-analysis of 38 articles found that of 77 different cytokines measured in plasma, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) was the only one that was elevated in patients compared to controls in a sufficient number of articles. In the present study we therefore compared the plasma levels of the three TGF-β isoforms in adolescent CFS patients and healthy controls...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202127/obesity-does-not-exacerbate-the-protumorigenic-systemic-environment-in-sarcoma-subjects
#19
Claire M Buchta, Shannon K Boi, Benjamin J Miller, Mohammed M Milhem, Lyse A Norian
Sarcomas are a rare but fatal tumor type that accounts for <1% of adult solid malignancies and ~15% of childhood malignancies. Although the use of immunotherapy is being actively investigated for other solid tumors, advances in immunotherapy for sarcoma patients are lacking. To better understand the systemic immune environment in sarcoma patients, we performed a detailed multiplex analysis of serum cytokines, chemokines, and protumorigenic factors from treatment-naive subjects with localized, high-grade sarcoma...
June 1, 2017: ImmunoHorizons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196996/inflammatory-and-immune-system-markers
#20
Kelly J McKelvey, Gaayathri Ariyakumar, Sharon A McCracken
Since preeclampsia was first described by Hippocrates in 400 BC, the theory of its causation has shifted from toxins to a current theory that incorporates both vascular and immunological causation. Poor placentation whether it is genetically predisposed or due to low expression of defective HLA-G on fetal trophoblasts is believed to be the initial insult. Oxidative stress from placental ischemia/hypoxia leads to an overload of trophoblast debris by stimulating apoptosis or necrosis. Partial failure of the maternal immune system to tolerate the paternal alloantigens activates maternal immune cells to secrete cytokines whose pleiotropic functions lead to dysfunction of the maternal vascular and placental endothelium, blood coagulation, and fibrinolytic system...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
91895
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"