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Ams program

Simon N van Laarhoven, Matthijs Lipperts, Stijn A A N Bolink, Rachel Senden, Ide C Heyligers, Bernd Grimm
BACKGROUND: A growing need in clinical practice of rehabilitation and orthopaedic medicine is for objective outcome tools to estimate physical activity. Current techniques show limited validity or are too demanding for routine clinical use. Accelerometer-based activity monitors (AMs) have shown promise for measuring physical activity in healthy people but lack validity in impaired patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate an accelerometer-based AM in impaired, slow-walking, crutch-supported patients after total joint arthroplasty (TJA)...
September 19, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
June Ross, Kira Westaway, Meg Travers, Michael J Morwood, John Hayward
The recent establishment of a minimum age estimate of 39.9 ka for the origin of rock art in Sulawesi has challenged claims that Western Europe was the locus for the production of the world's earliest art assemblages. Tantalising excavated evidence found across northern Australian suggests that Australia too contains a wealth of ancient art. However, the dating of rock art itself remains the greatest obstacle to be addressed if the significance of Australian assemblages are to be recognised on the world stage...
2016: PloS One
Gillian Sandra Gould, Leah C Stevenson, Yvonne Cadet-James, Alan R Clough
Recently, many programs have been funded to tackle Indigenous Australian smoking. This study assessed what challenges and unexpected responses could occur when developing anti-tobacco messages for Indigenous communities. A cross-sectional telephone survey of organizations involved in making anti-tobacco messages for the target population was conducted in 2012-2013. Open-ended questions explored cultural challenges to message development and unexpected outcomes. Responses were noted and these qualitative data were independently coded by two researchers using an inductive analysis...
August 22, 2016: Health Promotion International
Martin Faulhaber, Elena Pocecco, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Niedermeier, Maike Huth, Tobias D├╝nnwald, Verena Menz, Luciano Bernardi, Martin Burtscher
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the effects of a pre-acclimatization program comprising 7 passive 1-hour exposures to 4,500 m normobaric hypoxia on the prevalence and severity of acute mountain sickness (AMS) during a subsequent exposure to real high altitude in persons susceptible to AMS. METHODS: The project was designed as a randomized controlled trial including 32 healthy female and male participants with known susceptibility to AMS symptoms. After baseline measurements participants were randomly assigned to the hypoxia or the control group to receive the pre-acclimatization program (7 passive 1-hour exposures within 7 days to normobaric hypoxia or sham hypoxia)...
July 12, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Sanjeev Sockalingam, David Wiljer, Shira Yufe, Matthew K Knox, Mark Fefergrad, Ivan Silver, Ilene Harris, Ara Tekian
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between lifelong learning (LLL) and academic motivation for residents in a psychiatry residency program, trainee factors that influence LLL, and psychiatry residents' LLL practices. METHOD: Between December 2014 and February 2015, 105 of 173 (61%) eligible psychiatry residents from the Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, completed a questionnaire with three study instruments: an LLL needs assessment survey, the Jefferson Scale of Physician Lifelong Learning (JeffSPLL), and the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS)...
June 14, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Junya Tsurukiri, Shoichi Ohta, Shiro Mishima, Hiroshi Homma, Eitaro Okumura, Itsuro Akamine, Masahito Ueno, Jun Oda, Tetsuo Yukioka
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive treatment of a patient in acute medicine and surgery (AMS) requires the use of both surgical techniques and other treatment methods. Recently, acute vascular interventional radiology techniques (AVIRTs) have become increasingly popular, enabling adequately trained in-house experts to improve the quality of on-site care. METHODS: After obtaining approval from our institutional ethics committee, we conducted a retrospective study of AVIRT procedures performed by acute care specialists trained in AMS over a 1-year period, including those conducted out of hours...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Piet Swart, Frederic Lozac'h, Marjorie Simon, Esther van Duijn, Wouter H J Vaes
Modern accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) methods enable the routine application of this technology in drug development. By the administration of a (14)C-labelled microdose or microtrace, pharmacokinetic (PK) data, such as mass balance, metabolite profiling, and absolute bioavailability (AB) data, can be generated easier, faster, and at lower costs. Here, we emphasize the advances and impact of this technology for pharmaceutical companies. The availability of accurate intravenous (iv) PK and human absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) information, even before or during Phase I trials, can improve the clinical development plan...
June 2016: Drug Discovery Today
Mohammadvahid Jorat, Mohammadhossein Nikoo
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac resynchronization devices are part of modern heart failure management. After implantation, we analyze and program devices in an attempt to ensure their success. Biventricular pacing should be 98% or more for the lowest mortality and best symptom improvement. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case series, we present a combination of far field sensing and automatic mode switching (AMS) in six patients. It is found that this combination causes ventricular sensing (VS) episodes with wide QRS and no synchronization...
May 2016: Research in Cardiovascular Medicine
Joos Meyer, Karim Johnson, Joshua Bowyer, Josephine Muir, Angus Turner
Issue addressed Indigenous Australians are 14 times more likely than non-Indigenous Australians to develop diabetic retinopathy (DR). Blindness can be prevented in 98% of cases if DR is identified and treated early. While the National Health and Medical Research Council recommend annual screening for Indigenous Australians, screening attendance rates remain low. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a targeted health promotion intervention improved patient compliance and screening rates. Methods Bad Sugars, Bad Eyes - a culturally appropriate video targeting DR awareness and the importance of screening among Indigenous Australians - was developed at the Lions Eye Institute, Western Australia...
April 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Alex Broom, Stefanie Plage, Jennifer Broom, Emma Kirby, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic treatment options for common infections are diminishing due to the proliferation of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The impact of Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) programs seeking to preserve viable antibiotic drugs by governing their use in hospitals has hitherto been limited. Pharmacists have been delegated a critical role in antibiotic governance in AMS teams within hospitals but the experience of pharmacists in influencing antibiotic use has received limited attention...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Dave L Dixon, Steven P Dunn, Michael S Kelly, Timothy R McLlarky, Roy E Brown
Amiodarone remains the mostly frequently used antiarrhythmic in clinical practice and is most often used to maintain normal sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation who have failed a rate control strategy. Amiodarone has superior efficacy over other antiarrhythmics, a lower risk of torsade de pointes, and a better cardiovascular safety profile in patients with structural heart disease. However, amiodarone is associated with notable noncardiac toxicities affecting the thyroid, lungs, eyes, liver, and central nervous system...
February 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Breanna Jedrzejewski, Dale Ritter
OBJECTIVE: To examine and characterize the occupational histories of individuals who donated their whole bodies to the Anatomical Gift Program at Warren Alpert Medical School (AMS) from the academic years 2003-2004 to 2013-2014. DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 491 individuals who donated their whole bodies to Alpert Medical School was conducted upon IRB approval from Brown University. Demographic, social, and occupational histories were abstracted for analysis and review...
February 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Myo Nyein Aung, Juraiporn Somboonwong, Vorapol Jaroonvanichkul, Pongsak Wannakrairot
BACKGROUND: Medical students' motivation is an important driving factor for academic performance, and therefore medical teachers and educators are often highly interested in this topic. This study evaluated the impact of an academic affair program upon preclinical year medical students' motivation to study. DESIGN AND METHODS: An intervention study was conducted using a pretest-posttest study design. A total of 296 preclinical year medical students who had just passed their first year and were about to attend their second year at the Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, participated in the study...
2015: International Journal of General Medicine
Vineet Kumar, Takumi Yamada, Harish Doppalapudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Natasha Ams Flack, Helen D Nicholson
Is anatomy a dying discipline? This article explores the history and current state of human anatomy in Australasia, and considers the changing nature of the discipline, and possibilities for the future. A web-based search of all tertiary institutions in Australasia was performed to identify which taught anatomy. Those identified were invited to provide further information about postgraduate student numbers, external courses and public outreach. Forty-one institutions across Australasia teach anatomy. There are seven identifiable anatomy departments and nine disciplines of anatomy...
January 2016: Clinical Anatomy
T J Ognibene, A T Thomas, P F Daley, G Bench, K W Turteltaub
We describe the moving wire interface attached to the 1-MV AMS system at LLNL's Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry for the analysis of nonvolatile liquid samples as either discrete drops or from the direct output of biochemical separatory instrumentation, such as high-performance liquid chromatography. Discrete samples containing at least a few 10s of nanograms of carbon and as little as 50 zmol (14)C can be measured with a 3-5% precision in a few minutes. The dynamic range of our system spans approximately 3 orders in magnitude...
October 15, 2015: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
T J Ognibene, K W Haack, G Bench, T A Brown, K W Turteltaub
A summary of results from the solid samples run on our compact 1 MV AMS system over its 13.5 years of operation is presented. On average 7065 samples per year were measured with that average dropping to 3278 samples per year following the deployment of our liquid sample capability. Although the dynamic range of our spectrometer is 4.5 orders in magnitude, most of the measured graphitic samples had (14)C/C concentrations between 0.1 and 1 modern. The measurements of our ANU sucrose standard followed a Gaussian distribution with an average of 1...
October 15, 2015: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Paul George, Yoon Soo Park, Julianne Ip, Philip A Gruppuso, Eli Y Adashi
PURPOSE: The curricular elements of undergraduate premedical education are the subject of an ongoing debate. The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (AMS) matriculates students via the traditional premedical route (TPM) and an eight-year baccalaureate/MD program-the Program in Liberal Medical Education (PLME)-which provides students with a broad and liberal education. Using the juxtaposition of these two admission routes, the authors aimed to determine whether there is an association between highly distinct premedical curricular and admission requirements and medical school performance and residency placement...
March 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Kelly A Cairns, Jason A Roberts, Menino O Cotta, Allen C Cheng
Australia's model of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) has evolved significantly over recent years, from a long-standing national approach of antimicrobial prescribing guidelines and antimicrobial prescribing restrictions to recent advances including the first National Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy and incorporating mandatory AMS as part of hospital accreditation standards. AMS programs are most commonly found in the hospital setting. Various models are used throughout the country based on the local context and resources available...
September 2015: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Jordan White, Alison Riese, Brian Clyne, Marcia W Vanvleet, Paul George
Population and Clinical Medicine (PCM) I & II constitute two of the nine courses established for the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University's (AMS) innovative dual-degree Primary Care-Population Medicine (PC-PM) program. The courses will run consecutively during students' third year in the program, in conjunction with the Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (LIC). Throughout the courses, students will examine the intersection between population and clinical medicine with a focus on vulnerable populations, the social and community context of care, quality improvement, and leadership...
September 2015: Rhode Island Medical Journal
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