Read by QxMD icon Read

Ileal atresia

Raghu S Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To report a series of scrotal abscess, a rare problem, their etiology, and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children who presented with scrotal abscess between January 2010 and March 2015, analyzed with respect to clinical features, pathophysiology of spread and management. RESULTS: Eight infants and a 3-year-old phenotypically male child presented with scrotal abscess as a result of abdominal pathologies which included mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) [1]; three anorectal malformations with ectopic ureter [1], urethral stricture [1], and neurogenic bladder [1]; meconium peritonitis with meconium periorchitis [2], ileal atresia [1], and intra-abdominal abscess [1]; posturethroplasty for Y urethral duplication with metal stenosis [1] and idiopathic pyocele [1]...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Radović V Saša, Lazovic Ranko, Crnogorac Snezana, Banjac Lidija, Suhih Djordje
BACKGROUND: Embryologically, duodenal atresia results from inadequate recanalisation and proliferation of gut epithelius in the 6th week of gestation, while apple-pee atresia of small bowel is a consequence of a vascular accident in subsequent embryonic development, and the two are rather rarely manifested as a joint clinical entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here a 29 week preterm boy admitted to the intensive care unit due to breathing difficulties and low birthweight...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Ahmed Hosni Morsi, Hossam Rashad Omar, Ahmed Osama, Ahmed Refaat Khodary
BACKGROUND: Neonatal pneumoperitoneum is attributed, in most of the reported cases, to necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). There are also other causes leading to free intraperitoneal air. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical spectrum, causes, management and outcome of neonates admitted with pneumoperitoneum in the paediatric surgery unit of a university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included neonates having radiographic evidences of pneumoperitoneum from 2012 to the end of 2014...
July 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Ufuk Ates, Gulnur Gollu, Gonul Kucuk, Deniz Billur, Meltem Bingol-Kologlu, Yavuz Yılmaz, Hulya Ozkan-Ulu, Pinar Bayram, Emin Bagriacik, Huseyin Dindar
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to find out if there is an increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and reduction in expression of anti-apoptotic Blc-2A1 in newborn intestines with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 8 consecutive newborn patients undergoing bowel resection for NEC with 8 neonates undergoing intestinal resection for ileal atresia. Histopathological evaluation of tissue injury and apoptosis was performed by using light microscopic examination and TUNEL method...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Zlatan Zvizdic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Rahul Gupta, Shilpi Gupta, Pramila Sharma, Anu Bhandari, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
Gallbladder duplication in association with other GIT anomalies is a rare entity. We report two neonates; one with duodenal atresia and the other newborn with pyloric atresia, ileal atresia and colonic atresia, both were associated with gallbladder duplication which has not been reported earlier.
April 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
P A Lobos, S E M Calello, V B Busoni, M M Urquizo Lino, S G Prodan, R Sanchez Claria
CASE REPORT: Gastroschisis is the most frequent congenital abdominal wall defect. When associated with intestinal atresia (complex gastroschisis), short bowel syndrome may occur. Complicated gastroschisis is the most frequent cause of short bowel syndrome in our series. The serial transverse enteroplasty procedure has been used to lengthen the bowel and achieve intestinal rehabilitation in patients with dilated gut. The use of this technique in the newborn period, for tailoring the bowel while preserving absorptive mucosa, has been recently described...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Ilaria Goruppi, Silvia Arévalo, Romy Gander, José-Andres Molino, Marc Oria, Elena Carreras, José-Luis Peiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between different degrees of bowel intraluminal echogenicity showed by prenatal ultrasounds and the anatomic level of intestinal atresia. METHODS: We report three cases of intestinal atresia at different intestinal levels verified during the neonatal surgery with specific ultrasonographic prenatal features. Intensity of sonolucency was analyzed using the image-processing program ImageJ for quantitative measurements based on the gray-scale intensity values...
March 29, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Lucky Gupta, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze the incidence and type of various associated anomalies among infants with extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA), compare their frequency with those quoted in the existing literature and assess their role in the overall management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 137 infants who underwent the Kasai procedure for EHBA during the past 12 years. The medical records were reviewed for the incidence and type of associated anomalies in addition to the details of the management of the EHBA...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
A G Carroll, R G Kavanagh, C Ni Leidhin, N M Cullinan, L P Lavelle, D E Malone
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to critically appraise and compare the diagnostic performance of imaging modalities that are used for the diagnosis of upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract obstruction in neonates and infants. METHODS: A focused clinical question was constructed and the literature was searched using the patient, intervention, comparison, outcome method comparing radiography, upper GI contrast study, and ultrasound in the detection of upper GI tract obstruction such as duodenal atresia and stenosis, jejunal and ileal atresia, and malrotation and volvulus...
May 2016: Academic Radiology
Raquel Borges Pinto, Ana Regina Lima Ramos, Ariane Nadia Backes, Beatriz John Dos Santos, Valentina Oliveira Provenzi, Mário Rafael Carbonera, Maria Lúcia Roenick, Pedro Paulo Albino Dos Santos, Fabrizia Falhauber, Meriene Viquetti de Souza, João Vicente Bassols, Osvaldo Artigalás
CONTEXT: Hirschsprung disease is a developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system that is characterized by absence of ganglion cells in the distal intestine, and it occurs in approximately 1 in every 500,000 live births. Hepatoblastoma is a malignant liver neoplasm that usually occurs in children aged 6 months to 3 years, with a prevalence of 0.54 cases per 100,000. CASE REPORT: A boy diagnosed with intestinal atresia in the first week of life progressed to a diagnosis of comorbid Hirschsprung disease...
April 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Ahmad Mohammadipoor, Nasrin Fatahi, Azin Malekmarzban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Sarin Yk, Raj P, Thakkar N
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to review the cases of total colonic aganglionosis seen in the span of ten years at a pediatric surgery unit of a tertiary care public hospital in New Delhi. METHODS: Medical records of twelve patients with total colonic aganglionosis were retrieved. RESULTS: Ten out of the twelve patients were males; seven were of the Muslim community. Average recorded birth weight was 2.2 kg. Ten patients presented with features of intestinal obstruction, while two presented with perforation peritonitis...
July 2014: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Elke Zani-Ruttenstock, Augusto Zani, Anu Paul, Salvador Diaz-Cano, Niyi Ade-Ajayi
BACKGROUND: Gastroschisis associated intestinal dysmotility (GAID) is poorly understood. Animal experiments suggest that interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), play an important role. METHODS: Infants with gastroschisis (GS) and GAID (time to full feed >42days) were selected. Age matched GS and control (NEC, ileal atresia, malrotation, and volvulus) samples from primary (T1) and secondary (T2) time points underwent standard histopathology and immunohistochemistry for identification of ICC, followed by evaluation of ICC numbers, distribution, morphology, relation to ganglion cells, and myenteric plexus architecture...
May 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Wenceslao M Calonge, Manuel R Ramos, Paulo Coelho, Júlio R Alves, António Ochoa de Castro
The upper limit of intra-abdominal pressure after closure of gastroschisis has been suggested around 20 mm Hg. An acute abdominal compartmental syndrome may produce intestinal ischemia with perforation and hepatic or renal failure. We present a case of a baby born with gastroschisis and ileal atresias 2 decades ago. The closure of the defect entailed a borderline abdominal compartmental syndrome with caval occlusion and development of collateral venous circulation. This was evidenced by a phlebographic study at the age of 8...
February 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Rebecca John, Francesco D'Antonio, Asma Khalil, Sarah Bradley, Stefano Giuliani
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel atresia (SBA) is one of the most common causes of congenital intestinal obstruction. However, the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound in diagnosing this condition has not been entirely ascertained. The aim of this study was to analyse the predictive accuracy of ultrasound in detecting SBA prenatally. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective study of all cases with prenatal suspicion or postnatal confirmed SBA seen in a tertiary fetal medicine and pediatric surgery units from 2007 to 2013...
2015: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Riccardo Guanà, Salvatore Garofano, Elisabetta Teruzzi, Simona Vinardi, Giulia Carbonaro, Alessia Cerrina, Isabella Morra, Davide Montin, Alessandro Mussa, Jürgen Schleef
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a life-threatening syndrome of recurrent infections and gastrointestinal alterations due to severe compromise of T cells and B cells. Clinically, most patients present symptoms before the age of 3 months and without intervention SCID usually results in severe infections and death by the age of 2 years. Its association with intestinal anomalies as multiple intestinal atresias (MIA) is rare and worsens the prognosis, resulting lethal. We describe the case of a four year-old boy with SCID-MIA...
December 2014: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
V Insinga, M Pensabene, M Giuffrè, M Busè, M Cimador, G Corsello, F Siracusa
Intestinal atresia type III B (apple peel) and gastroschisis are both congenital malformations who require early surgical correction in neonatal age. Their association is very rare. We present the case of a full term infant with partial apple peel ileal atresia and a small defect of the anterior abdominal wall, complicated by in utero intestinal perforation and subsequent meconial peritonitis. We observed a partial atresia of small intestine, with involvement of terminal ileus savings of jejunum and a large part of the proximal ileum, small anterior abdominal wall defect with herniation of few bowel loops, intestinal malrotation...
May 2014: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Stephen D Adams, Michael P Stanton
This review encompasses four congenital conditions which present with symptoms of bowel obstruction in the neonatal period. The antenatal and postnatal features of malrotation, jejuno-ileal atresia, duodenal atresia and colonic atresia are discussed. Each condition is outlined including the classification, epidemiology, aetiology and presentation, and a summary of the surgical management is described.
December 2014: Early Human Development
Noemi Mihalik, Eszter Bodrogi, Csaba Nádor, Eszter Ostorházi, Sarolta Kárpáti, Márta Marschalkó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"