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Ileal atresia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896172/congenital-hernia-of-the-umbilical-cord-associated-with-type-iiia-ileal-atresia
#1
Rahul Gupta, Praveen Mathur, Pradeep Kumar Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896167/imperforate-anus-with-jejunal-atresia-complicated-by-intestinal-volvulus-a-case-report
#2
Hae Soo Joung, Alexandra Leon Guerrero, Sandra Tomita, Keith A Kuenzler
Anorectal malformations (ARMs) commonly co-occur with other congenital anomalies, particularly VACTERL (vertebral, anorectal, cardiac, tracheal, esophageal, renal, limb, and duodenal) associations. However, this collection of associations is not comprehensive, and other concurrent anomalies may exist that can be missed during the standard work-up of patients with ARMs. We present a rare case of a neonate with a low ARM with concurrent jejuno-ileal atresia that was diagnosed after the correction of the ARM when the patient developed segmental volvulus...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896160/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-when-to-suspect-duplication-cyst-of-bowel-as-the-cause
#3
Rizwan Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Imran Ghani
BACKGROUND: Duplication cyst is a rare cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Their most common location is the small intestine. The clinical presentation is extremely variable depending upon its size, location and type and the age of the patient and are mainly encountered during infancy or early childhood. The diagnosis is very difficult in neonates. This study was undertaken to study their presentation, diagnostic modality of choice and further management in neonatal age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery, J ...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896159/intestinal-atresia-experience-at-a-busy-center-of-north-west-india
#4
Shilpi Gupta, Rahul Gupta, Soumyodhriti Ghosh, Arun Kumar Gupta, Arvind Shukla, Vinita Chaturvedi, Praveen Mathur
Objective: To evaluate the presentation, management, complications and outcome of intestinal atresia (IA) managed at our center over a period of 1 year. Materials and methods: Records of patients of IA admitted in our center from January 2015 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic data, antenatal history, presenting complaints, location (duodenal, jejunoileal, colonic) of atresia, surgery performed and peri-operative complications were noted. Results: Total 78 cases of IA were included in the analyses...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896157/congenital-neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-retrospective-analysis-at-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Vijay Singh, Manish Pathak
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyze the etiology, clinical presentation and outcome of neonatal intestinal obstruction at our institute. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical record of all the patients, presented with intestinal obstruction in neonatal period during 2014 and 2015 was reviewed retrospectively for etiology, clinical features, investigations, management, and outcome. RESULTS: Out of total 53 cases of neonatal intestinal obstruction, 27 were of intestinal atresia (9 cases (17%) were of duodenal atresia, 7 (13%) were of jejunal atresia and 8 (13%) were ileal atresias and 3 cases were found with colonic atresia); 7 were malrotation, 17 were Hirschsprung's disease (HD)...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896156/modified-gut-anastomotic-technique-in-type-iii-and-type-iv-jejunoileal-atresias
#6
Kamal Nain Rattan, Deepak Kumar Garg
BACKGROUND: Type III and IV jejunoileal atresias are associated with loss of significant length of the gut and can lead to short gut syndrome if further resection of proximal dilated gut is done. We modified the anastomotic technique so that proximal dilated segment of the gut is not resected as to prevent short gut syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical Record of patients of Type III and IV jejuno-ileal atresias managed with modified anastomotic technique in our center during 5-years was reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896151/alimentary-tract-atresias-associated-with-anorectal-malformations-10-years-experience
#7
Manoj Saha
Anorectal malformation (ARM) is one of the most common congenital anomaly that requires emergency surgery in the neonatal period. ARMs are frequently associated with other life threatening congenital anomalies. Commonly associated anomalies are genito-urinary, cardiovascular, gastro-intestinal, skeletal and spinal. Alimentary tract anomalies are frequently masked by the intestinal obstruction produced by the anorectal atresia. This retrospective study was carried out to find out the incidence of associated alimentary tract atresias with ARM...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896150/early-reoperations-after-primary-repair-of-jejunoileal-atresia-in-newborns
#8
Fanny Yeung, Yuk Him Tam, Yuen Shan Wong, Siu Yan Tsui, Hei Yi Wong, Kristine Kit Yi Pang, Christopher H Houben, Jennifer Wai Cheung Mou, Kin Wai Chan, Kim Hung Lee
Aim: To review nine-year experience in managing jejuno-ileal atresia (JIA) by primary resection and anastomosis and identify factors associated with reoperations. Methods: From April 2006 to May 2015, all consecutive neonates who underwent bowel resection and primary anastomosis for JIA were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with temporary enterostomy were excluded. Patient demographics, types of atresia, surgical techniques, need for reoperations, and long-term outcomes were investigated. Results: A total of forty-three neonates were included, in which nineteen (44...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800095/-antenatal-diagnosis-and-management-of-ileal-atresia
#9
Hanane Dhibou, Ahlam Bassir, Nadia Sami, Lahcen Boukhanni, Bouchra Fakhir, Hamid Asmouki, Abderraouf Soummani
Ileal atresia is a rare congenital malformation which affects a small percentage of the population, with an incidence of 1 in 5000 cases. It may be suspected and diagnosed by ultrasound at the end of the second and third trimester. Obstetrical and surgical consultation is the key to success here. Eliminating a systemic disease with poor prognosis, fighting to reduce premature births and immediately entrusting the child to the surgeon are the main objectives to achieve. During surgery, the surgeon will determine the type of atresia, its location, single or multiple areas of occlusion and its length; thus surgery depends on etiology...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695207/scrotal-abscess-varied-etiology-associations-and-management
#10
Raghu S Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To report a series of scrotal abscess, a rare problem, their etiology, and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children who presented with scrotal abscess between January 2010 and March 2015, analyzed with respect to clinical features, pathophysiology of spread and management. RESULTS: Eight infants and a 3-year-old phenotypically male child presented with scrotal abscess as a result of abdominal pathologies which included mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) [1]; three anorectal malformations with ectopic ureter [1], urethral stricture [1], and neurogenic bladder [1]; meconium peritonitis with meconium periorchitis [2], ileal atresia [1], and intra-abdominal abscess [1]; posturethroplasty for Y urethral duplication with metal stenosis [1] and idiopathic pyocele [1]...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596226/duodenal-atresia-with-apple-peel-configuration-of-the-ileum-and-absent-superior-mesenteric-artery
#11
Radović V Saša, Lazovic Ranko, Crnogorac Snezana, Banjac Lidija, Suhih Djordje
BACKGROUND: Embryologically, duodenal atresia results from inadequate recanalisation and proliferation of gut epithelius in the 6th week of gestation, while apple-pee atresia of small bowel is a consequence of a vascular accident in subsequent embryonic development, and the two are rather rarely manifested as a joint clinical entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here a 29 week preterm boy admitted to the intensive care unit due to breathing difficulties and low birthweight...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502879/clinical-spectrum-of-neonates-presenting-with-pneumoperitoneum-a-retrospective-study
#12
Ahmed Hosni Morsi, Hossam Rashad Omar, Ahmed Osama, Ahmed Refaat Khodary
BACKGROUND: Neonatal pneumoperitoneum is attributed, in most of the reported cases, to necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). There are also other causes leading to free intraperitoneal air. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical spectrum, causes, management and outcome of neonates admitted with pneumoperitoneum in the paediatric surgery unit of a university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included neonates having radiographic evidences of pneumoperitoneum from 2012 to the end of 2014...
July 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164337/increase-in-pro-apoptotic-bax-expression-and-decrease-in-anti-apoptotic-bcl-2-expression-in-newborns-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#13
Ufuk Ates, Gulnur Gollu, Gonul Kucuk, Deniz Billur, Meltem Bingol-Kologlu, Yavuz Yılmaz, Hulya Ozkan-Ulu, Pinar Bayram, Emin Bagriacik, Huseyin Dindar
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to find out if there is an increase in the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and reduction in expression of anti-apoptotic Blc-2A1 in newborn intestines with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 8 consecutive newborn patients undergoing bowel resection for NEC with 8 neonates undergoing intestinal resection for ileal atresia. Histopathological evaluation of tissue injury and apoptosis was performed by using light microscopic examination and TUNEL method...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123409/gastroschisis-with-concomitant-jejuno-ileal-atresia-complicated-by-jejunal-perforation
#14
Zlatan Zvizdic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123398/gallbladder-duplication-associated-with-gastro-intestinal-atresia
#15
Rahul Gupta, Shilpi Gupta, Pramila Sharma, Anu Bhandari, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
Gallbladder duplication in association with other GIT anomalies is a rare entity. We report two neonates; one with duodenal atresia and the other newborn with pyloric atresia, ileal atresia and colonic atresia, both were associated with gallbladder duplication which has not been reported earlier.
April 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109993/neonatal-serial-transverse-enteroplasty-step-case-report
#16
P A Lobos, S E M Calello, V B Busoni, M M Urquizo Lino, S G Prodan, R Sanchez Claria
CASE REPORT: Gastroschisis is the most frequent congenital abdominal wall defect. When associated with intestinal atresia (complex gastroschisis), short bowel syndrome may occur. Complicated gastroschisis is the most frequent cause of short bowel syndrome in our series. The serial transverse enteroplasty procedure has been used to lengthen the bowel and achieve intestinal rehabilitation in patients with dilated gut. The use of this technique in the newborn period, for tailoring the bowel while preserving absorptive mucosa, has been recently described...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023781/role-of-intraluminal-bowel-echogenicity-on-prenatal-ultrasounds-to-determine-the-anatomical-level-of-intestinal-atresia
#17
Ilaria Goruppi, Silvia Arévalo, Romy Gander, José-Andres Molino, Marc Oria, Elena Carreras, José-Luis Peiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between different degrees of bowel intraluminal echogenicity showed by prenatal ultrasounds and the anatomic level of intestinal atresia. METHODS: We report three cases of intestinal atresia at different intestinal levels verified during the neonatal surgery with specific ultrasonographic prenatal features. Intensity of sonolucency was analyzed using the image-processing program ImageJ for quantitative measurements based on the gray-scale intensity values...
March 29, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862288/a-study-of-associated-congenital-anomalies-with-biliary-atresia
#18
Lucky Gupta, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze the incidence and type of various associated anomalies among infants with extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA), compare their frequency with those quoted in the existing literature and assess their role in the overall management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 137 infants who underwent the Kasai procedure for EHBA during the past 12 years. The medical records were reviewed for the incidence and type of associated anomalies in addition to the details of the management of the EHBA...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26857524/comparative-effectiveness-of-imaging-modalities-for-the-diagnosis-of-intestinal-obstruction-in-neonates-and-infants-a-critically-appraised-topic
#19
A G Carroll, R G Kavanagh, C Ni Leidhin, N M Cullinan, L P Lavelle, D E Malone
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to critically appraise and compare the diagnostic performance of imaging modalities that are used for the diagnosis of upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract obstruction in neonates and infants. METHODS: A focused clinical question was constructed and the literature was searched using the patient, intervention, comparison, outcome method comparing radiography, upper GI contrast study, and ultrasound in the detection of upper GI tract obstruction such as duodenal atresia and stenosis, jejunal and ileal atresia, and malrotation and volvulus...
May 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26465815/hirschsprung-disease-and-hepatoblastoma-case-report-of-a-rare-association
#20
Raquel Borges Pinto, Ana Regina Lima Ramos, Ariane Nadia Backes, Beatriz John Dos Santos, Valentina Oliveira Provenzi, Mário Rafael Carbonera, Maria Lúcia Roenick, Pedro Paulo Albino Dos Santos, Fabrizia Falhauber, Meriene Viquetti de Souza, João Vicente Bassols, Osvaldo Artigalás
CONTEXT: Hirschsprung disease is a developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system that is characterized by absence of ganglion cells in the distal intestine, and it occurs in approximately 1 in every 500,000 live births. Hepatoblastoma is a malignant liver neoplasm that usually occurs in children aged 6 months to 3 years, with a prevalence of 0.54 cases per 100,000. CASE REPORT: A boy diagnosed with intestinal atresia in the first week of life progressed to a diagnosis of comorbid Hirschsprung disease...
April 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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