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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483198/targeted-outreach-hepatitis-b-vaccination-program-in-high-risk-adults-the-fundamental-challenge-of-the-last-mile
#1
M-J J Mangen, H Stibbe, A Urbanus, E C Siedenburg, Q Waldhober, G A de Wit, J E van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the on-going decentralised targeted hepatitis B vaccination program for behavioural high-risk groups operated by regional public health services in the Netherlands since 1-November-2002. Target groups for free vaccination are men having sex with men (MSM), commercial sex workers (CSW) and hard drug users (HDU). Heterosexuals with a high partner change rate (HRP) were included until 1-November-2007. METHODS: Based on participant, vaccination and serology data collected up to 31-December-2012, the number of participants and program costs were estimated...
May 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462359/combination-hiv-prevention-strategy-implementation-in-el-salvador-perceived-barriers-and-adaptations-reported-by-outreach-peer-educators-and-supervisors
#2
Meredith Buck, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Gloria Bodnar
El Salvador was one of three countries to receive funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to conduct a combination HIV prevention intervention among transwomen (TW), men who have sex with men (MSM), and commercial sex workers (CSW). Program evaluation revealed that prevention activities reached only 50% of the target population. The purpose of this study is to examine the barriers that Salvadoran educators faced in implementing the peer education as designed and adaptations made as a result...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458890/cerebral-salt-wasting-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Peter Taylor, Sasan Dehbozorgi, Arshiya Tabasum, Anna Scholz, Harsh Bhatt, Philippa Stewart, Pranav Kumar, Mohd S Draman, Alastair Watt, Aled Rees, Caroline Hayhurst, Stephen Davies
SUMMARY: Hyponatraemia is the most commonly encountered electrolyte disturbance in neurological high dependency and intensive care units. Cerebral salt wasting (CSW) is the most elusive and challenging of the causes of hyponatraemia, and it is vital to distinguish it from the more familiar syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Managing CSW requires correction of the intravascular volume depletion and hyponatraemia, as well as mitigation of on-going substantial sodium losses...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400901/comparing-the-comprehensive-stroke-ward-versus-mixed-rehabilitation-ward-the-importance-of-the-team-in-the-acute-stroke-care-in-a-case-control-study
#4
Marcos C Lange, Tiago F S de Araujo, Luiz F T Ferreira, Renata D P Ducci, Edison M Novak, Francisco M B Germiniani, Viviane F Zetola
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischemic stroke is one of the most frequent causes of death in Brazil. Many measures have been taken to reduce this tragic outcome, and one of those is the implementation of stroke units in hospitals. The aim of the present study is to analyze the in-hospital complications for patients with ischemic stroke admitted in a comprehensive stroke ward (CSW) as compared to patients admitted in a mixed rehabilitation ward (MRW). METHODS: A retrospective interventional study with historic controls of patients admitted to the Neurology Division between January 2010 and October 2013...
April 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393593/a-study-of-hyponatremia-in-acute-encephalitis-syndrome-a-prospective-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#5
Usha Kant Misra, Jayantee Kalita, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency and causes of hyponatremia in acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and its effect on outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with AES were subjected to neurological evaluation including Glasgow Coma Scale, focal weakness, movement disorder, and reflex changes. The etiology of AES was based on blood and cerebrospinal fluid enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction. We have categorized patients into neurological or systemic AES...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380524/fabrication-yields-of-serially-harvested-calf-fed-holstein-steers-fed-zilpaterol-hydrochloride
#6
N D May, T J McEvers, L J Walter, J A Reed, J P Hutcheson, T E Lawrence
Holstein steers ( = 110) were fed zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) for 0 or 20 d before slaughter during a 280-d serial harvest study. Cattle were harvested every 28 d beginning at 254 d on feed (DOF) and concluding at 534 DOF. After slaughter, carcasses were chilled for 48 h and then fabricated into boneless closely trimmed or denuded subprimals, lean trim, trimmable fat, and bone. Inclusion of ZH increased cold side weight (CSW) by 10.3 kg ( < 0.01; 212.7 vs. 202.4 kg [SEM 1.96]) and saleable yield by 10...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371748/emission-of-greenhouse-gases-from-waste-incineration-in-korea
#7
Kum-Lok Hwang, Sang-Min Choi, Moon-Kyung Kim, Jong-Bae Heo, Kyung-Duk Zoh
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors previously reported from various waste incineration plants have shown significant variations according to country-specific, plant-specific, and operational conditions. The purpose of this study is to estimate GHG emissions and emission factors at nine incineration facilities in Korea by measuring the GHG concentrations in the flue gas samples. The selected incineration plants had different operation systems (i.e., stoker, fluidized bed, moving grate, rotary kiln, and kiln & stoker), and different nitrogen oxide (NOx) removal systems (i...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350819/development-and-application-of-a-taqman-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-genotyping-assay-to-study-infectious-laryngotracheitis-virus-recombination-in-the-natural-host
#8
Carlos A Loncoman, Carol A Hartley, Mauricio J C Coppo, Paola K Vaz, Andrés Diaz-Méndez, Glenn F Browning, Sang-Won Lee, Joanne M Devlin
To date, recombination between different strains of the avian alphaherpesvirus infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) has only been detected in field samples using full genome sequencing and sequence analysis. These previous studies have revealed that natural recombination is widespread in ILTV and have demonstrated that recombination between two attenuated ILTV vaccine strains generated highly virulent viruses that produced widespread disease within poultry flocks in Australia. In order to better understand ILTV recombination, this study developed a TaqMan single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assay to detect recombination between two field strains of ILTV (CSW-1 and V1-99 ILTV) under experimental conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316939/application-of-established-pathophysiologic-processes-brings-greater-clarity-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hyponatremia
#9
EDITORIAL
John K Maesaka, Louis J Imbriano, Nobuyuki Miyawaki
Hyponatremia, serum sodium < 135 mEq/L, is the most common electrolyte abnormality and is in a state of flux. Hyponatremic patients are symptomatic and should be treated but our inability to consistently determine the causes of hyponatremia has hampered the delivery of appropriate therapy. This is especially applicable to differentiating syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) from cerebral salt wasting (CSW) or more appropriately, renal salt wasting (RSW), because of divergent therapeutic goals, to water-restrict in SIAD and administer salt and water in RSW...
March 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185853/sustainable-management-and-utilisation-of-concrete-slurry-waste-a-case-study-in-hong-kong
#10
Md Uzzal Hossain, Dongxing Xuan, Chi Sun Poon
With the promotion of environmental protection in the construction industry, the mission to achieve more sustainable use of resources during the production process of concrete is also becoming important. This study was conducted to assess the environmental sustainability of concrete slurry waste (CSW) management by life cycle assessment (LCA) techniques, with the aim of identifying a resource-efficient solution for utilisation of CSW in the production of partition wall blocks. CSW is the dewatered solid residues deposited in the sedimentation tank after washing out over-ordered/rejected fresh concrete and concrete trucks in concrete batching plants...
February 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110888/cerebral-salt-wasting-is-the-most-common-cause-of-hyponatremia-in-stroke
#11
Jayantee Kalita, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Usha Kant Misra
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the frequency, severity, and causes of hyponatremia in stroke and its influence on outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive computed tomography- or magnetic resonance imaging-proven stroke patients within 7 days of stroke were included. Severity of stroke was assessed using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale and consciousness using the Glasgow Coma Scale. Hyponatremia was defined if 2 consecutive serum sodium levels were <135 mEq/L and hypernatremia if >145 mEq/L...
May 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967227/sodium-and-water-imbalance-after-sellar-suprasellar-and-parasellar-surgery
#12
Zareen Kiran, Aisha Sheikh, Sehrish Nizar Ali Momin, Isra Majeed, Safia Awan, Owais Rashid, Najmul Islam
OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency of sodium and water disturbances (SWDs) in patients undergoing sellar, suprasellar, and parasellar surgery (SSPS). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective study on 115 patients in the Aga Khan University Hospital after ethical approval. Patients were 16 years old or older undergoing pituitary or sellar surgeries. We collected data on basic sociodemographic characteristics and clinical indication for surgery. We noted laboratory values for serum electrolytes, plasma and urine osmolality, urine sodium, and 24-hour fluid balance from the immediate postoperative day until discharge and follow-up...
March 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876833/zeta-potential-in-oil-water-carbonate-systems-and-its-impact-on-oil-recovery-during-controlled-salinity-water-flooding
#13
Matthew D Jackson, Dawoud Al-Mahrouqi, Jan Vinogradov
Laboratory experiments and field trials have shown that oil recovery from carbonate reservoirs can be increased by modifying the brine composition injected during recovery in a process termed controlled salinity water-flooding (CSW). However, CSW remains poorly understood and there is no method to predict the optimum CSW composition. This work demonstrates for the first time that improved oil recovery (IOR) during CSW is strongly correlated to changes in zeta potential at both the mineral-water and oil-water interfaces...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789779/what-works-for-wellbeing-in-culture-and-sport-report-of-a-delphi-process-to-support-coproduction-and-establish-principles-and-parameters-of-an-evidence-review
#14
REVIEW
Norma Daykin, Louise Mansfield, Annette Payne, Tess Kay, Catherine Meads, Giorgia D'Innocenzo, Adele Burnett, Paul Dolan, Guy Julier, Louise Longworth, Alan Tomlinson, Stefano Testoni, Christina Victor
AIMS: There is a growing recognition of the ways in which culture and sport can contribute to wellbeing. A strong evidence base is needed to support innovative service development and a 3-year research programme is being undertaken to capture best evidence of wellbeing impacts and outcomes of cultural and sporting activities in order to inform UK policy and practice. This article provides an overview of methods and findings from an initial coproduction process with key stakeholders that sought to explore and agree principles and parameters of the evidence review for culture, sport and wellbeing (CSW)...
October 27, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742141/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-an-anisotropic-medium-on-shear-wave-velocities-of-intra-muscular-gelatinous-inclusions
#15
Sébastien Aubry, Jean-Philippe Nueffer, Mathieu Carrié
In highly anisotropic biological tissues such as muscle or tendons, calculating Young's modulus from the shear wave speed (csw) by using shear wave elastography (SWE) involves a complex transversally isotropic rheological model not yet used in common practice. To our knowledge, the effect of muscle anisotropy on csw of intra-muscular lesions has not yet been investigated. The objective of our study was to define the effect of an anisotropic medium on csw of intra-muscular gelatinous inclusions. We conducted a prospective monocentric, in vitro study in order to examine the quantitative and qualitative SWE behavior of a 9-mm gelatinous intra-muscular implant depending on the orientation of the probe relative to the muscle fibers...
January 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561453/blood-b-lymphocyte-stimulator-blys-baff-levels-may-reflect-natural-immunity-to-hiv-in-highly-exposed-uninfected-beninese-commercial-sex-workers
#16
Catherine Sabourin-Poirier, Lyvia Fourcade, Josiane Chagnon-Choquet, Annie-Claude Labbé, Michel Alary, Fernand Guédou, Johanne Poudrier, Michel Roger
We have previously shown that excess B lymphocyte Stimulator (BLyS)/BAFF in plasma and on surface of blood dendritic cells (DC) of HIV-infected progressors coincides with B-cell dysregulations and increased frequencies of "precursor" innate marginal zone (MZ)-like B-cells. In contrast, both blood BLyS levels and frequencies of this population remained unaltered in HIV elite-controllers. Based on these observations, we hypothesized that control of BLyS and innate B-cell status could be associated with natural immunity against HIV infection...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368740/the-diversity-and-distribution-of-anammox-bacteria-in-the-marine-aquaculture-zones
#17
Meng Li, Ji-Dong Gu
The accumulation of toxic inorganic nitrogen is one of the major water quality problems in intensive aquaculture systems, thus the N removal in aquaculture systems is an important issue for the sustainable development of aquaculture. To understand one of the major microbial N removal processes, anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox), phylogenetic diversity, and distribution of anammox bacteria in sediments of four different marine aquaculture zones in Hong Kong (HK) were investigated. The 16S rRNA genes analysis indicated that sequences detected from Cheung Sha Wan (CSW) and Sok Kwu Wan (SKW) were closely related to several clusters within the Scalindua genus of anammox bacteria, including a new habitat-specific group, while only several sequences related to Scalindua and Kuenenia were detected in Sham Wan (SW) and Yim Tin Tsai East (YTTE)...
October 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213068/cerebral-salt-wasting-syndrome-following-head-injury-in-a-child-managed-successfully-with-fludrocortisone
#18
Nagendra Chaudhary, Santosh Pathak, Murli Manohar Gupta, Nikhil Agrawal
Cerebral salt wasting (CSW) syndrome is an important cause of hyponatremia in head injuries apart from syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Proper diagnosis and differentiation between these two entities are necessary for management as the treatment is quite opposite in both conditions. Fludrocortisone can help in managing CSW where alone saline infusion does not work. We report a 17-month-old female child with head injury managed successfully with saline infusion and fludrocortisone.
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070378/the-impact-of-a-participatory-care-model-on-work-satisfaction-of-care-workers-and-the-functionality-connectedness-and-mental-health-of-community-dwelling-older-people
#19
Maree Bernoth, Oliver K Burmeister, Mark Morrison, Md Zahidul Islam, Fiona Onslow, Michelle Cleary
This study describes and evaluates an innovative program designed to reduce functional decline among seniors, using a participatory care approach and integrated health teams. The evaluation provides older people and community support workers (CSWs) with the opportunity to share their experiences of being involved with an innovative program to reduce functional decline (mobility, skin integrity, nutrition, mental health, continence) of older, community dwelling adults implemented by a Nursing Service in a major capital city in Australia...
June 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035710/comparative-genomic-analysis-reveals-a-possible-novel-non-tuberculous-mycobacterium-species-with-high-pathogenic-potential
#20
Siew Woh Choo, Avirup Dutta, Guat Jah Wong, Wei Yee Wee, Mia Yang Ang, Cheuk Chuen Siow
Mycobacteria have been reported to cause a wide range of human diseases. We present the first whole-genome study of a Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterium, Mycobacterium sp. UM_CSW (referred to hereafter as UM_CSW), isolated from a patient diagnosed with bronchiectasis. Our data suggest that this clinical isolate is likely a novel mycobacterial species, supported by clear evidence from molecular phylogenetic, comparative genomic, ANI and AAI analyses. UM_CSW is closely related to the Mycobacterium avium complex. While it has characteristic features of an environmental bacterium, it also shows a high pathogenic potential with the presence of a wide variety of putative genes related to bacterial virulence and shares very similar pathogenomic profiles with the known pathogenic mycobacterial species...
2016: PloS One
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