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Gastroschisis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419329/understanding-gastroschisis-and-its-clinical-management-where-are-we
#1
Candace Haddock, Erik D Skarsgard
Gastroschisis is the commonest developmental defect of the anterior abdominal wall in both developed and developing countries. The past 30 years have seen transformational improvements in outcome due to advances in neonatal intensive care and enhanced integration between the disciplines of maternal fetal medicine, neonatology and pediatric surgery. A review of gastroschisis, which emphasizes its epidemiology, multidisciplinary care strategies and contemporary outcomes is timely. Areas covered: This review discusses the current state of knowledge related to prevalence and causation, and postulated embryopathologic mechanisms contributing to the development of gastroschisis...
February 8, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417204/the-influence-of-gestational-age-mode-of-delivery-and-abdominal-wall-closure-method-on-the-surgical-outcome-of-neonates-with-uncomplicated-gastroschisis
#2
Maria V Fraga, Pablo Laje, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate if gestational age (GA), mode of delivery and abdominal wall closure method influence outcomes in uncomplicated gastroschisis (GTC). METHODS: Retrospective review of NICU admissions for gastroschisis, August 2008-July 2016. Primary outcomes were: time to start enteral feeds (on-EF), time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), and length of stay (LOS). MAIN RESULTS: A total of 200 patients with GTC were admitted to our NICU...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415587/an-evaluation-of-nutritional-and-vasoactive-stimulants-as-risk-factors-for-gastroschisis-a-pilot-study
#3
Jean R Goodman, Jennifer D Peck, Alessandra Landmann, Marvin Williams, Andrew Elimian
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate poor maternal nutrition, environmental exposures and vasoactive stimulants as potential risk factors for gastroschisis. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among singleton pregnancies diagnosed in a tertiary teaching hospital in a 22-month period. Cases of gastroschisis were matched to controls at the time of diagnosis by race and maternal age. Demographics, periconceptual exposures, nutritional biomarkers, and illicit drug hair analysis were evaluated...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367227/closed-gastroschisis-with-left-defect-a-rare-variant
#4
Jitendra Kumar Singh, Devendra Kumar Yadav, Kashish Khanna, Vikram Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364360/novel-multidisciplinary-approach-to-monitor-and-treat-fetuses-with-gastroschisis-using-the-svetliza-reducibility-index-and-the-exit-like-procedure
#5
Gustavo Henrique de Oliveira, Javier Svetliza, Denise Cristina Mós Vaz-Oliani, Humberto Liedtke Junior, Antonio Helio Oliani, Denise Araujo Lapa Pedreira
OBJECTIVE: To describe our initial experience with a novel approach to follow-up and treat gastroschisis in "zero minute" using the EXITlike procedure. METHODS: Eleven fetuses with prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis were evaluated. The Svetliza Reductibility Index was used to prospectively evaluate five cases, and six cases were used as historical controls. The Svetliza Reductibility Index consisted in dividing the real abdominal wall defect diameter by the larger intestinal loop to be fitted in such space...
October 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364359/monitoring-and-treating-fetuses-with-gastroschisis-using-the-svetliza-reducibility-index-sri-and-the-exit-like-procedure-a-novel-approach
#6
EDITORIAL
Manoel Carlos Prieto Velhote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338079/nutrition-delivery-and-growth-outcomes-in-infants-with-gastroschisis
#7
Charles R Hong, David Zurakowski, Brenna S Fullerton, Katelyn Ariagno, Tom Jaksic, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe nutrient intake and growth in infants with gastroschisis and identify factors associated with impaired growth. METHODS: Retrospective study of neonates who underwent gastroschisis repair from 2010 to 2015. Nutrient intake and weight-for-age z scores (WAZ) were recorded. RESULTS: Data from 60 eligible infants with median (Q1, Q3) gestational age of 36 weeks (35, 37) and birth weight 2418 g (2098, 2665) were analyzed...
January 8, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335896/familial-occurrence-of-gastroschisis-a-population-based-overview-on-recurrence-risk-sex-dependent-influence-and-geographical-distribution
#8
Victor M Salinas-Torres, Rafael A Salinas-Torres, Ricardo M Cerda-Flores, Laura E Martínez-de-Villarreal
PURPOSE: There is uncertainty over whether familial recurrences in gastroschisis might be higher. Moreover, scant information is available regarding its sociodemographic features. We aim to explore the recurrence risk, sex-dependent influence, and geographical distribution of familial gastroschisis. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and data extraction from population-based studies published 1970-2017 (PubMed/MEDLINE) was independently performed by two reviewers...
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317257/prevalence-mortality-and-spatial-distribution-of-gastroschisis-in-mexico
#9
Victor M Salinas-Torres, Rafael A Salinas-Torres, Ricardo M Cerda-Flores, Laura E Martínez-de-Villarreal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence, mortality, and spatial distribution of gastroschisis using a large population-based sample with cases identified by birth and death certificates (Q79.3) through the General Directorate of Health Information of the Secretary Health of Mexico, over the course of a 15-year period. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A descriptive study examining 10 287 cases of gastroschisis was performed from 2000-2014 using public natality data for denominators (more than 25 million live births)...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193865/maternal-chlamydia-infection-during-pregnancy-among-younger-mothers-and-risk-of-gastroschisis-in-singleton-offspring
#10
Tessa Horslev, José N Binongo, Vijaya Kancherla
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of gastroschisis has been increasing in the United States (US) since 1980s. Genital infection with Chlamydia has also been increasing in prevalence, particularly among younger women. The etiology of gastroschisis is unknown. Ongoing research suggests multiple causal factors may be involved, including Chlamydia infection in mothers during pregnancy. METHODS: Using birth certificate data from 2014 US vital records, we conducted a population-based case-control study to examine the association between prenatal Chlamydia exposure in young women (16-25 years of age) and gastroschisis in singleton offspring...
November 30, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148196/umbilicus-and-its-extensive-clinical-repertoire
#11
Spencer W Beasley
The umbilicus is involved in a wide range of abnormalities in infants and children. The most severe are evident at birth and include exomphalos (omphalocele) and gastroschisis, both of which can be life-threatening but are easy to diagnose. Exomphalos is often associated with other congenital abnormalities, whereas the associated problems in gastroschisis are largely confined to the gut. Infection of the umbilicus in the neonate presents as omphalitis. The causes of a moist umbilicus following separation of the umbilical stump are multiple, from the relatively minor umbilical granuloma or ectopic bowel mucosa to the more significant patent urachus that leaks urine...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144275/the-effect-of-level-of-care-on-gastroschisis-outcomes
#12
Jordan C Apfeld, Zachary J Kastenberg, Karl G Sylvester, Henry C Lee
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between level of care in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and outcomes for newborns with gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at 130 California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative NICUs from 2008 to 2014. All gastroschisis births were examined according to American Academy of Pediatrics NICU level of care at the birth hospital. Multivariate analyses examined odds of mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation, and duration of stay...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136542/cognition-and-behaviour-in-children-with-congenital-abdominal-wall-defects
#13
Alice C Burnett, Julia K Gunn, Esther A Hutchinson, Margaret M Moran, Lisa M Kelly, Ursula C Sevil, Peter J Anderson, Rod W Hunt
AIM: To characterise neurodevelopment at age two years and cognition and behaviour at age five years in children born with abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis or exomphalos). STUDY DESIGN: Participants were treated as neonates for gastroschisis or exomphalos and invited for routine clinical follow-up at ages two and five years. Thirty-nine two year-olds and 20 five year-olds with gastroschisis and 20 two year-olds and 10 five year-olds with exomphalos returned for age-appropriate assessments of development (two years) and intellectual functioning (IQ), executive function, and behavioural problems...
November 11, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110317/fetal-growth-standards-in-gastroschisis-reference-values-for-ultrasound-measurements
#14
Mariane Massaini Barbieri, João Renato Bennini, Marcelo Luís Nomura, Sirlei Siani Morais, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVES: To create growth curves based on ultrasonography biometric parameters of fetuses with gastroschisis, comparing them with normal growth standards and to analyze umbilical artery (AU) Doppler velocimetry patterns. METHODS: A cohort study of 72 fetuses with gastroschisis, at gestational ages between 14 and 39 weeks was designed. Mean and standard deviation were calculated, with the 5th, 10th, 50th, 90th and 95th centiles being established for biometric parameters according to gestational age...
November 7, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096040/the-gastroschisis-puzzle-where-are-we-and-what-is-next
#15
Martha M Werler, Samantha E Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094488/maternal-report-of-fever-from-cold-or-flu-during-early-pregnancy-and-the-risk-for-noncardiac-birth-defects-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-1997-2011
#16
Dorothy Kim Waller, Syed Shahrukh Hashmi, Adrienne T Hoyt, Hao T Duong, Sarah C Tinker, Michael Shayne Gallaway, Richard S Olney, Richard H Finnell, Jacqueline Tauber Hecht, Mark A Canfield
BACKGROUND: As maternal fever affects approximately 6-8% of early pregnancies, it is important to expand upon previous observations of an association between maternal fever and birth defects. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multistate, case-control study of major structural birth defects. Telephone interviews were completed by mothers of cases (n = 17,162) and controls (n = 10,127). Using multivariable logistic regression, we assessed the association between maternal self-report of cold or flu with fever and cold or flu without fever during early pregnancy and 30 categories of non-cardiac birth defects...
November 2, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084414/evaluation-of-early-onset-sepsis-complete-blood-count-and-antibiotic-use-in-gastroschisis
#17
Sadie L Williams, Matthew Leonard, Eric S Hall, Jose Perez, Jacqueline Wessel, Paul S Kingma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071735/impact-of-sample-collection-participation-on-the-validity-of-estimated-measures-of-association-in-the-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-when-assessing-gene-environment-interactions
#18
Mary M Jenkins, Jennita Reefhuis, Amy H Herring, Margaret A Honein
To better understand the impact that nonresponse for specimen collection has on the validity of estimates of association, we examined associations between self-reported maternal periconceptional smoking, folic acid use, or pregestational diabetes mellitus and six birth defects among families who did and did not submit buccal cell samples for DNA following a telephone interview as part of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS). Analyses included control families with live born infants who had no birth defects (N = 9,465), families of infants with anorectal atresia or stenosis (N = 873), limb reduction defects (N = 1,037), gastroschisis (N = 1,090), neural tube defects (N = 1,764), orofacial clefts (N = 3,836), or septal heart defects (N = 4,157)...
October 25, 2017: Genetic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053704/hypoxic-renal-injury-in-newborns-with-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-clinical-and-experimental-study
#19
Dmitry Morozov, Olga Morozova, Dmitri Pervouchine, Lubov Severgina, Alexei Tsyplakov, Natalya Zakharova, Nikita Sushentsev, Larisa Maltseva, Ivan Budnik
BackgroundSurgical treatment for gastroschisis and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) commonly leads to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) associated with hypoxic renal injury. We hypothesized that measurement of urinary and serum concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), π-glutathione S-transferase (π-GST), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) may serve for noninvasive detection of hypoxic renal injury in such patients.MethodsIntra-abdominal pressure (IAP), renal excretory function, and the biomarker levels were analyzed before, 4, and 10 days after surgery...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043689/-mesenteric-edema-as-a-prenatal-ultrasound-sign-of-poor-prognosis-in-gastroschisis
#20
M Dore Reyes, P Triana Junco, J L Encinas Hernández, E Alvarado Antolín, J L Bartha Rasero, V Núñez Cerezo, M Romo Muñoz, M Gómez Cervantes, A Sánchez Galán, L Martínez Martínez, M López Santamaría
INTRODUCTION/AIM OF THE STUDY: Gastroschisis is a congenital malformation with an easy and early prenatal diagnosis, however, it has a variable post-natal outcome. Our aim was to determine if certain ultrasound markers or early delivery were related with a worse postnatal outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of a cohort of patients with gastroschisis diagnosed between 2005-2014, with emphasis on prenatal ultrasounds, gestational age at delivery and post-natal outcome...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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