Read by QxMD icon Read


Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Pharyngitis is a common disease in the emergency department (ED). Despite a relatively low incidence of complications, there are many dangerous conditions that can mimic this disease and are essential for the emergency physician to consider. OBJECTIVE: This article provides a review of the evaluation and management of group A β-hemolytic Streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis, as well as important medical conditions that can mimic this disease. DISCUSSION: GABHS pharyngitis often presents with fever, sore throat, tonsillar exudates, and anterior cervical lymphadenopathy...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Léa Didier, Thomas Madelaine, Martin Cour, Laurent Argaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Daniela Beltrami, Pierre Guilcher, David Longchamp, Pierre Alex Crisinel
Acute epiglottitis is a severe and potentially life-threatening condition. Since the implementation of Haemophilus influenzae vaccination, the number of cases of epiglottitis has decreased and the proportion of other infectious causes has increased. We report a case of acute epiglottitis in a teenager caused by Neisseria meningitidis , an unusual pathogen.
March 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Minyoung Jang, Krystyne Basa, Jessica Levi
OBJECTIVE: Intubation has been associated with laryngeal injury that often resolves spontaneously without complication. We present a case of a child intubated for less than 48 hours, who presented with dysphonia and intermittent dyspnea two months after intubation due to epiglottic and vocal process granulomas. This is unusual in that multiple granulomas were found in the posterior glottis and supraglottis after short-term intubation. Our objective was to determine if there are risk factors for developing persistent post-intubation sequelae, including the delayed presentation and unusual location of post-intubation granulomas in our case...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ali Azarbarzin, Scott A Sands, Melania Marques, Pedro R Genta, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Ludovico Messineo, David P White, Andrew Wellman
In some individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), the palate prolapses into the velopharynx during expiration, limiting airflow through the nose or shunting it out of the mouth. We hypothesised that this phenomenon causes expiratory flow limitation (EFL) and is associated with inspiratory "isolated" palatal collapse. We also wanted to provide a robust noninvasive means to identify this mechanism of obstruction.Using natural sleep endoscopy, 1211 breaths from 22 OSA patients were scored as having or not having palatal prolapse...
February 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Shifan Wu, Luo Zhuo, Xingang Qiu, Zijiao Ding, Mingzhen Yang, Meichen Pan, Qian Liu
RATIONALE: Acute epiglottitis is a potentially life-threaten disease, which makes it more challenging to save the life for doctors. Unexpected deaths in custody are a primary cause of concern for the forensic community and doctor worldwide. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 44-year-old male detainee who was clinically suspected of dying of acute epiglottitis. The man experienced failure of resuscitation and died after admitted to a hospital. DIAGNOSES: The autopsy, toxicological testing, the test of immunoglobulin E and bacterial culture suggested the patient died of acute epiglottitis...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shilei Pu, Hongming Xu, Xiaoyan Li
BACKGROUND: Supraglottoplasty is the mainstay of surgical treatment for laryngomalacia. A novel supraglottoplasty surgical technique is needed to achieve better efficacy. The purpose of this study was to introduce modified microscopic radiofrequency ablation supraglottoplasty (MMRAS) for the treatment of congenital laryngomalacia and to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of this novel approach. METHODS: Seventeen children with severe laryngomalacia who underwent MMRAS were studied retrospectively...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Joseph M Aulino, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Mary S Dietrich, Sheila H Ridner, Kenneth J Niermann, Jie Deng, Bethany A Rhoten, Jennifer K Doersam, Lee Ann Jarrett, Kyle Mannion, Barbara A Murphy
BACKGROUND: The late effect continuum of lymphedema and fibrosis (LEF) affects more than 70% of patients after treatment for head and neck cancer (HNC). LEF is associated with symptom burden and decreased function and quality of life. Although surveillance imaging is common posttreatment, objective assessment of soft tissues is not, likely due to the lack of objective evaluation methods and understanding of the significance of LEF. We undertook the development of a tool to measure LEF using CT scans in HNC patients...
February 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Biswanath Behera, Munisamy Malathi, Devinder-Mohan Thappa, Hemanth Vamanshankar, Pradipta-Kumar Parida, Debasis Gochhait
Introduction: Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare, benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytic disorder with unknown etio-pathology. It manifests with multiple, grouped, red-brown to yellow papules and nodules involving the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs with a predilection for flexures and the face. Case Report: We report a patient who presented with disseminated xanthomatous papules and nodules involving the face, neck, trunk, axilla, groin, and oral cavity, along with hoarseness of voice...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Elizabeth A Hall, Ibrahim Showaihi, Frances S Shofer, Nova L Panebianco, Anthony J Dean
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the difficult airway is a critical element of emergency practice. Mallampati score and body mass index (BMI) are not always predictive and they may be unavailable in critically ill patients. Ultrasonography provides high-resolution images that are rapidly obtainable, mobile, and non-invasive. Studies have shown correlation of ultrasound measurements with difficult laryngoscopy; however, none have been performed in the Emergency Department (ED) using a consistent scanning protocol...
January 18, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Sunil Jeph, Michael Aidi, Ahmed Shah, Thu-Thao Ly, Oleg Bronov
The epiglottis plays an important role in preventing food of different consistencies from entering the airway during swallowing. Calcification of epiglottis can, potentially, alter and limit its movement causing aspiration amongst other swallowing problems. Isolated calcification of the epiglottis and its clinical presentation remains a poorly understood entity for radiologists as well as clinicians. Therefore, it is important to recognize the imaging features of epiglottic calcification, and it's known clinical presentations to help clinicians with early diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
R Cohen, H Haas, M Lorrot, S Biscardi, O Romain, F Vie Le Sage, V Hentgen, E Grimprel
ENT infections are the most common childhood infections and the leading causes of antibiotic prescriptions. These infections are mainly due to viruses and most of them (even if bacterial species are implicated) resolve spontaneously. Therefore, the first message is to not prescribe antibiotics in the following situations: common cold, non-streptococcal pharyngitis, laryngitis, non-purulent otitis media, etc. For sore throat/pharyngitis, the antibiotic treatment decision is based mainly on the use of group A streptococcus rapid diagnostic tests...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Jayne C Carberry, Lauren P Fisher, Ronald R Grunstein, Simon C Gandevia, David K McKenzie, Jane E Butler, Danny J Eckert
Hypnotics are contraindicated in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) because of concerns of pharyngeal muscle relaxation and delayed arousal worsening hypoxaemia. However, human data are lacking. This study aimed to determine the effects of three common hypnotics on the respiratory arousal threshold, genioglossus muscle responsiveness and upper airway collapsibility during sleep.21 individuals with and without OSA (18-65 years) completed 84 detailed sleep studies after receiving temazepam (10 mg), zolpidem (10 mg), zopiclone (7...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
David F Butler, Angela L Myers
Haemophilus influenzae remains a common cause of illness in children throughout the world. Before the introduction of vaccination, H influenzae type b (Hib) disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in young children and a frequent cause of pneumonia, epiglottitis, and septic arthritis. Clinicians should remain diligent in counseling parents on the dangers of Hib and provide vaccination starting at 2 months of age. The epidemiology of invasive H influenzae disease is shifting. It is imperative that clinicians recognize the changing epidemiology and antibiotic resistance patterns for H influenzae to optimize care in hospital and ambulatory settings...
March 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
Amanda J Kasem
Epiglottitis is a rarely encountered infection in pediatrics since the advent of the conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine first introduced in the United States in 1985. However, the disease remains a much feared infection in pediatrics. The literature reiterates the importance of early recognition, avoidance of agitating the patient, and the need for securing the airway in the operating room as key and essential features to a good outcome. However, with only 1 case per 200,000 children reported in the United States in 2006, most practitioners have never encountered this infection...
January 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Andrew Dunn, Brannon G Broadfoot, Jennifer Hunt, Jennifer R Kaley, Omar Atiq, Narendra B Gutta, Xiaofei Wang, Jerad M Gardner, Sara C Shalin
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the larynx is an aggressive form of neuroendocrine carcinoma that affects smokers at an average age of 60 years. LCNEC is characterized by large cells with round to ovoid nuclei distributed in a trabecular or nested growth pattern. Previously, laryngeal LCNEC and atypical carcinoid tumors were considered identical; however, laryngeal LCNEC has been shown to have higher mitotic rates and worse prognosis, which has led to laryngeal LCNEC's being separated from atypical carcinoid and classified as a poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma in the most recent World Health Organization classification...
March 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
J Bertran, M Martinez, M Breit, M A McLoughlin, K L Ham, E Warry, V Wavreille
A 5-year-old pug presented with a soft tissue swelling on the ventral neck and moderate stridor with associated respiratory effort. This patient received hypofractionated radiotherapy for metastatic upper lip mast cell tumour and to the submandibular lymph nodes 6 months before presentation. Oral examination showed moderate elongation of the soft palate, stage III laryngeal collapse with only the right laryngeal saccule mildly everted and exuberant pale epiglottal and left pharyngeal mucosa. Staphylectomy, resection of the epiglottal mucosa and left arytenoid lateralisation were performed...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Rodríguez-Rodríguez, A Murcia-Olagüenaga, J Rodríguez-Asensio, C García Martínez, M V Rodríguez-Rosell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Semergen
J Doutau, C Bost-Bru, A Gayot, I Wroblewski, I Pelloux, T Debillon, A Millet
Acute epiglottis is a life-threatening disease in relation with the occurrence of an acute upper airway obstruction. Its incidence has fallen dramatically since the widespread introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine. We report the case of a 26-month-old child who was not fully immunized and presented acute upper airway respiratory distress with fever. The symptoms quickly evolved to a respiratory arrest condition with bradycardia, revealing epiglottitis due to Hib. Despite high immunization coverage with great efficacy and occurrence of herd immunity, this entity still exists because of the French population's skepticism of the routine vaccination schedule...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
L C Tabor, E K Plowman, C Romero-Clark, S Youssof
BACKGROUND: Although dysphagia represents a hallmark manifestation of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), limited knowledge exists regarding the underlying nature of oropharyngeal swallowing impairments in this patient population. We aimed to delineate global pharyngeal dysphagia profiles in OPMD and identify the prevalence and physiologic associations of impairments in swallowing safety and efficiency. METHODS: Twenty-two individuals with OPMD completed a videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"