keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

epiglottitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299092/calcification-of-the-epiglottis-presenting-as-foreign-body-sensation-in-the-neck
#1
Sunil Jeph, Michael Aidi, Ahmed Shah, Thu-Thao Ly, Oleg Bronov
The epiglottis plays an important role in preventing food of different consistencies from entering the airway during swallowing. Calcification of epiglottis can, potentially, alter and limit its movement causing aspiration amongst other swallowing problems. Isolated calcification of the epiglottis and its clinical presentation remains a poorly understood entity for radiologists as well as clinicians. Therefore, it is important to recognize the imaging features of epiglottic calcification, and it's known clinical presentations to help clinicians with early diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290238/antimicrobial-treatment-of-ent-infections
#2
R Cohen, H Haas, M Lorrot, S Biscardi, O Romain, F Vie Le Sage, V Hentgen, E Grimprel
ENT infections are the most common childhood infections and the leading causes of antibiotic prescriptions. These infections are mainly due to viruses and most of them (even if bacterial species are implicated) resolve spontaneously. Therefore, the first message is to not prescribe antibiotics in the following situations: common cold, non-streptococcal pharyngitis, laryngitis, non-purulent otitis media, etc. For sore throat/pharyngitis, the antibiotic treatment decision is based mainly on the use of group A streptococcus rapid diagnostic tests...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284686/role-of-common-hypnotics-on-the-phenotypic-causes-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-paradoxical-effects-of-zolpidem
#3
Jayne C Carberry, Lauren P Fisher, Ronald R Grunstein, Simon C Gandevia, David K McKenzie, Jane E Butler, Danny J Eckert
Hypnotics are contraindicated in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) because of concerns of pharyngeal muscle relaxation and delayed arousal worsening hypoxaemia. However, human data are lacking. This study aimed to determine the effects of three common hypnotics on the respiratory arousal threshold, genioglossus muscle responsiveness and upper airway collapsibility during sleep.21 individuals with and without OSA (18-65 years) completed 84 detailed sleep studies after receiving temazepam (10 mg), zolpidem (10 mg), zopiclone (7...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233576/changing-epidemiology-of-haemophilus-influenzae-in-children
#4
REVIEW
David F Butler, Angela L Myers
Haemophilus influenzae remains a common cause of illness in children throughout the world. Before the introduction of vaccination, H influenzae type b (Hib) disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in young children and a frequent cause of pneumonia, epiglottitis, and septic arthritis. Clinicians should remain diligent in counseling parents on the dangers of Hib and provide vaccination starting at 2 months of age. The epidemiology of invasive H influenzae disease is shifting. It is imperative that clinicians recognize the changing epidemiology and antibiotic resistance patterns for H influenzae to optimize care in hospital and ambulatory settings...
December 9, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232352/case-report-of-a-5-year-old-with-epiglottitis-an-atypical-presentation-of-an-uncommon-disease
#5
Amanda J Kasem
Epiglottitis is a rarely encountered infection in pediatrics since the advent of the conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine first introduced in the United States in 1985. However, the disease remains a much feared infection in pediatrics. The literature reiterates the importance of early recognition, avoidance of agitating the patient, and the need for securing the airway in the operating room as key and essential features to a good outcome. However, with only 1 case per 200,000 children reported in the United States in 2006, most practitioners have never encountered this infection...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194700/metastatic-laryngeal-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-a-rare-case-of-presentation-and-extreme-tumor-burden
#6
Andrew Dunn, Brannon G Broadfoot, Jennifer Hunt, Jennifer R Kaley, Omar Atiq, Narendra B Gutta, Xiaofei Wang, Jerad M Gardner, Sara C Shalin
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the larynx is an aggressive form of neuroendocrine carcinoma that affects smokers at an average age of 60 years. LCNEC is characterized by large cells with round to ovoid nuclei distributed in a trabecular or nested growth pattern. Previously, laryngeal LCNEC and atypical carcinoid tumors were considered identical; however, laryngeal LCNEC has been shown to have higher mitotic rates and worse prognosis, which has led to laryngeal LCNEC's being separated from atypical carcinoid and classified as a poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma in the most recent World Health Organization classification...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194625/laryngeal-chondronecrosis-after-radiation-therapy-in-a-dog
#7
J Bertran, M Martinez, M Breit, M A McLoughlin, K L Ham, E Warry, V Wavreille
A 5-year-old pug presented with a soft tissue swelling on the ventral neck and moderate stridor with associated respiratory effort. This patient received hypofractionated radiotherapy for metastatic upper lip mast cell tumour and to the submandibular lymph nodes 6 months before presentation. Oral examination showed moderate elongation of the soft palate, stage III laryngeal collapse with only the right laryngeal saccule mildly everted and exuberant pale epiglottal and left pharyngeal mucosa. Staphylectomy, resection of the epiglottal mucosa and left arytenoid lateralisation were performed...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162474/-acute-epiglottitis-in-adult-presentation-of-several-clinical-cases
#8
M Rodríguez-Rodríguez, A Murcia-Olagüenaga, J Rodríguez-Asensio, C García Martínez, M V Rodríguez-Rosell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153912/-acute-epiglottitis-due-to-haemophilus-influenzae-b-a-severe-consequence-of-increased-skepticism-about-vaccination
#9
J Doutau, C Bost-Bru, A Gayot, I Wroblewski, I Pelloux, T Debillon, A Millet
Acute epiglottis is a life-threatening disease in relation with the occurrence of an acute upper airway obstruction. Its incidence has fallen dramatically since the widespread introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine. We report the case of a 26-month-old child who was not fully immunized and presented acute upper airway respiratory distress with fever. The symptoms quickly evolved to a respiratory arrest condition with bradycardia, revealing epiglottitis due to Hib. Despite high immunization coverage with great efficacy and occurrence of herd immunity, this entity still exists because of the French population's skepticism of the routine vaccination schedule...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144056/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-profiles-in-individuals-with-oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy
#10
L C Tabor, E K Plowman, C Romero-Clark, S Youssof
BACKGROUND: Although dysphagia represents a hallmark manifestation of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), limited knowledge exists regarding the underlying nature of oropharyngeal swallowing impairments in this patient population. We aimed to delineate global pharyngeal dysphagia profiles in OPMD and identify the prevalence and physiologic associations of impairments in swallowing safety and efficiency. METHODS: Twenty-two individuals with OPMD completed a videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135033/primary-and-salvage-laser-surgery-of-341-glottic-cancers-comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-between-university-head-neck-tertiary-referral-center-and-local-head-neck-department
#11
Piotr Winiarski, Artur Lewandowski, Grażyna Greczka, Jacek Banaszewski, Hanna Klimza, Małgorzata Wierzbicka
OBJECTIVE: The main goal was to compare the clinical data of patients with T1 and T2 glottic cancer treated with CO2 transoral laser microlaryngoscopy (TLM) in the Tertiary Referral University Department of Otolaryngology, Head Neck Surgery, Poznan and the local Department of Otolaryngology, Oncology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bydgoszcz. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Unified databases for the 7-year period January 2005-December 2011 were created to compare these two cohorts...
November 14, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106866/robotic-epiglottopexy-for-severe-epiglottic-prolapse-limiting-decannulation
#12
C Alessandra Colaianni, Sarah N Bowe, Heather A Osborn, Derrick T Lin, Jeremy D Richmon, Christopher J Hartnick
Surgical management of supraglottic collapse at the level of the epiglottis limiting decannulation has historically consisted of placement of epiglottopexy sutures which are technically challenging and often unsuccessful. Herein we describe the use of robotic technology to assist with epiglottopexy for a case of a 9 year old child with severe epiglottic petiole prolapse limiting capping and decannulation. Postoperatively the patient is tolerating capping during waking hours.
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102400/adult-onset-kawasaki-disease-presenting-with-acute-epiglottitis-findings
#13
Daichi Murakami, Gen Sugita, Mehmet Gunduz, Tomohiro Suenaga, Takashi Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Muneki Hotomi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038322/thumb-and-vallecula-signs-in-acute-infectious-epiglottitis
#14
Hiroki Matsuura, Takashi Fukumura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975073/usefulness-of-ultrasound-view-of-larynx-in-pre-anesthetic-airway-assessment-a-comparison-with-cormack-lehane-classification-during-direct-laryngoscopy
#15
Sussan Soltani Mohammadi, Alireza Saliminia, Nasim Nejatifard, Roxana Azma
BACKGROUND: One of the main challenges in anesthesiology is difficult intubation. There are many anatomical parameters for evaluating the feasibility of tracheal intubation; one that can reliably predict a difficult intubation is the Cormack-Lehane classification obtained during direct laryngoscopy. This is an invasive procedure that cannot be performed in an awake patient or for pre-anesthetic airway assessments in patients with no prior history of tracheal intubation. Recently, ultrasound has been successfully used for several airway-related applications...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962587/comparative-characteristics-of-laryngeal-resident-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-populations-isolated-from-distinct-sites-in-the-rat-larynx
#16
Songyi Lee, Yeseulmi Kim, Hyun-Soo Shin, Jae-Yol Lim
BACKGROUND: Although tissue-resident mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in the larynx have been described, their distinct characteristics and roles have not been thoroughly explored. Therefore, we investigated stem cell characteristics and regenerative potentials of single clonal populations isolated from rat epiglottic mucosa (EM), lamina propria (LP), and macula flava (MF) to determine whether they comprised laryngeal tissue-resident stem cells. METHODS: Single clonal laryngeal cells were isolated following microdissection of the EM, LP, and MF from the rat larynx...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953487/spontaneous-respiration-using-intravenous-anesthesia-and-high-flow-nasal-oxygen-strive-hi-management-of-acute-adult-epiglottitis-a-case-report
#17
Phillip Kwan-Giet Lee, Anton Willis Gerard Booth, Kim Vidhani
High-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) is a potentially life-saving adjunct in the emergency management of the obstructed airway. HFNO has multiple beneficial applications in critical care and respiratory support, but its use in emergency-obstructed airway management has not been defined. This case report describes spontaneous respiration using intravenous anesthesia and high-flow nasal oxygen to successfully manage acute adult epiglottitis with rapidly progressing airway obstruction. Oxygenation, carbon dioxide levels, and airway patency were maintained, which facilitated endotracheal intubation while the patient was spontaneously breathing during general anesthesia...
September 26, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931660/predicting-epiglottic-collapse-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#18
Ali Azarbarzin, Melania Marques, Scott A Sands, Sara Op de Beeck, Pedro R Genta, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Camila M de Melo, Ludovico Messineo, Olivier M Vanderveken, David P White, Andrew Wellman
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by pharyngeal obstruction occurring at different sites. Endoscopic studies reveal that epiglottic collapse renders patients at higher risk of failed oral appliance therapy or accentuated collapse on continuous positive airway pressure. Diagnosing epiglottic collapse currently requires invasive studies (imaging and endoscopy). As an alternative, we propose that epiglottic collapse can be detected from the distinct airflow patterns it produces during sleep.23 OSA patients underwent natural sleep endoscopy...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929061/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-as-a-selection-tool-for-surgical-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-our-personal-experience
#19
M B Bharathi, J Rajendra Prasad, K Satish
The role of Drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a selection tool for surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. SOURCE OF DATA: Polysomnography proved OSA patients, who are planned for surgery in dept. of ENT AND HEAD& NECK, JSS Hospital, Mysore. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. METHOD: 30 Polysomnography proved OSA patients, age between 20 and 60 years have been selected for Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) after taking informed consent for proposed surgery...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895039/wheezing-in-infancy-an-overview-of-recent-literature
#20
REVIEW
Christine Muglia, John Oppenheimer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Wheezing in infancy is a common presentation with many potential causes. In writing this review, we sought to summarize the newest recommendations and testing available for the more common etiologies of wheezing. RECENT FINDINGS: Regarding the diagnosis of asthma, the modified asthma predictive index has recently been established as a useful predictive tool. Non-breath held multidetector CT with 3D volume rendering airway images is also a newer helpful diagnostic tool for tracheomalacia due to ease of use and its 100% positive predictive value...
September 11, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
keyword
keyword
91852
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"