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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351068/what-attitudes-and-values-are-incorporated-into-self-as-part-of-professional-identity-construction-when-becoming-a-surgeon
#1
Alexandra Cope, Jeff Bezemer, Stella Mavroveli, Roger Kneebone
PURPOSE: To make explicit the attitudes and values of a community of surgeons, with the aim of understanding professional identity construction within a specific group of residents. METHOD: Using a grounded theory method, the authors collected data from 16 postgraduate surgeons through interviews. They complemented these initial interview data with ethnographic observations and additional descriptive interviews to explore the attitudes and values learned by surgeons during residency training (2010-2013)...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351066/bringing-rounds-back-to-the-patient-a-one-year-evaluation-of-the-chiefs-service-model-for-inpatient-teaching
#2
Nadia L Bennett, Judd D Flesch, Peter Cronholm, James B Reilly, Jack Ende
PURPOSE: The Chiefs' Service (CS), a structured approach to inpatient teaching rounds, focuses on resident education and patient-centered care without disrupting patient census sizes or admitting cycles. It has five key elements: morning huddles; bedside rounds; diagnostic "time-outs"; day-of-discharge rounds; and postdischarge follow-up rounds. The authors hypothesized the CS model would be well received by residents and considered more effective than more-traditional rounds. METHOD: The CS was implemented on Penn Presbyterian Medical Center's general medicine inpatient service using a quasi-experimental design...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351063/from-communication-skills-to-skillful-communication-a-longitudinal-integrated-curriculum-for-critical-care-medicine-fellows
#3
Amanda L Roze des Ordons, Christopher J Doig, Philippe Couillard, Jason Lord
PROBLEM: Communication with patients and families in critical care medicine (CCM) can be complex and challenging. A longitudinal curricular model integrating multiple techniques within classroom and clinical milieus may facilitate skillful communication across diverse settings. APPROACH: In 2014-2015, the authors developed and implemented a curriculum for CCM fellows at the Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, to promote the longitudinal development of skillful communication...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351030/a-comparison-of-different-training-methods-in-the-successful-learning-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#4
Wen Chao Zhang, Wei Chen, Jian Ping Zhou, Andrew D Lerner, Lei Ni, Ji Min Shen, Tian Li Yan, Min Zhou, Guo Chao Shi, Yi Xiang
BACKGROUND: Standardized training of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS- TBNA) is available only in highly developed countries. OBJECTIVE: To compare the skill differences in the performance of EBUS-TBNA by pulmonologists trained under different learning methods. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 145 EBUS-TBNA cases. We set up 3 comparative training groups: a standardized training group, a teaching group, and a self-study group...
March 29, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350815/-the-evil-virus-cell-students-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-viruses
#5
Uwe K Simon, Sonja M Enzinger, Andreas Fink
Education about virus biology at school is of pivotal interest to raise public awareness concerning means of disease transmission and, thus, methods to prevent infection, and to reduce unnecessary antibiotic treatment due to patient pressure on physicians in case of viral diseases such as influenza. This study aimed at making visible the knowledge of Austrian high school and university students with respect to virus biology, virus structure and health-education issues. The data presented here stem from comprehensive questionnaire analyses, including the task to draw a virus, from a cross-sectional study with 133 grade 7 and 199 grade 10 high school students, and 133 first-year biology and 181 first-year non-biology university students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346312/using-technology-to-enhance-discharge-teaching-and-improve-coping-for-patients-after-stroke
#6
Melissa A Schneider, Katrina A Howard
BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of stroke is a life-changing event. Effective discharge teaching after a stroke is crucial for recovery, but the overload of information can be overwhelming for patients and caregivers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in discharge readiness and postdischarge coping in patients admitted for stroke after the use of individualized postdischarge information/education provided via a technology package (including patient online portal access, e-mail/secure messaging) compared with current standard discharge teaching methods (verbal/written instructions)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346204/restructuring-the-art-of-health-by-pharmacists-formulation-designs-with-oral-vehicles-teaching-pharmacy-students
#7
Rita Benischek
Compounding pharmacists, responsible for appropriate preparation of medications, coordinate with other professionals to reach optimal therapeutic options for patients. This review summarizes proprietary oral vehicles or suspensions focusing on available information or updated data from suppliers. Research has advanced methods with revised applications, cutting-edge safety considerations, beyond-use dating provisions for technical assistance, and evidence to review and teach pharmacy students the opportunities in the choices of an oral vehicle...
March 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344948/the-effect-of-combining-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-with-interscalene-or-supraclavicular-block-for-upper-limb-surgeries-using-neurostimulation-technique
#8
H O Idehen, C A Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: The different approaches to the brachial plexus have clinical implications and all these approaches have clinical limitations. Combining different approaches helps to reduce these limitations. Can a combination of two different methods of brachial plexus block give a better anaesthetic outcome? AIM: To compare the effect of combining axillary plexus block with interscalene as opposed to axillary plexus block with supraclavicular blocks. DESIGN OF STUDY: Prospective observational study...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344947/factors-associated-with-odontogenic-bacteraemia-in-orthodontic-patients
#9
O D Umeh, O O Sanu, I L Utomi, F O Nwaokorie
BACKGROUND: Various researches have investigated factors associated with the prevalence and intensity of bacteraemia following oral procedures including orthodontic procedures. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of age, gender, plaque and gingival indices on the occurrence of odontogenic bacteraemia following orthodontic treatment procedures. SETTING: Orthodontic Clinic, Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Lagos, Nigeria...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344713/exploring-the-experience-of-residents-during-the-first-six-months-of-family-medicine-residency-training
#10
Dawn Martin, Louise Nasmith, Susan Glover Takahashi, Bart J Harvey
BACKGROUND: The shift from undergraduate to postgraduate education signals a new phase in a doctor's training. This study explored the resident's perspective of how the transition from undergraduate to postgraduate (PGME) training is experienced in a Family Medicine program as they first meet the reality of feeling and having the responsibility as a doctor. METHODS: Qualitative methods explored resident experiences using interpretative inquiry through monthly, individual in-depth interviews with five incoming residents during the first six months of training...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#11
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344117/learning-the-skills-needed-to-perform-shoulder-arthroscopy-by-simulation
#12
Pierre-Sylvain Marcheix, Guillaume Vergnenegre, François Dalmay, ChristianMabit, Jean-Louis Charissoux
INTRODUCTION: Simulation for arthroscopy helps surgical trainees develop their surgery skills in a safe environment. This teaching technique has become more widespread in recent years because of the need to provide surgeons in training with an alternative to the current methods. We hypothesized that a resident in surgery could acquire the skills needed to perform arthroscopic shoulder surgery by working on a simulator. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted over a 4-month period from June to September 2016...
March 23, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#13
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#14
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342777/teaching-and-assessing-professionalism-in-radiology-resident-education
#15
REVIEW
Aine Marie Kelly, Larry D Gruppen, Patricia B Mullan
Radiologists in teaching hospitals and in practices with residents rotating through are involved in the education of their residents. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires evidence that trainees are taught and demonstrate competency not only in medical knowledge and in patient care-the historic focus of radiology education-but also in the so-called non-interpretative core competencies, which include professionalism and interpersonal skills. In addition to accreditation agencies, the prominent assessment practices represented by the American Board of Radiology core and certifying examinations for trainees, as well as Maintenance of Certification for practitioners, are planning to feature more non-interpretative competency assessment, including professionalism to a greater extent...
March 22, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342029/self-awareness-and-cultural-identity-as-an-effort-to-reduce-bias-in-medicine
#16
Augustus A White, Heather J Logghe, Dan A Goodenough, Linda L Barnes, Anne Hallward, Irving M Allen, David W Green, Edward Krupat, Roxana Llerena-Quinn
In response to persistently documented health disparities based on race and other demographic factors, medical schools have implemented "cultural competency" coursework. While many of these courses have focused on strategies for treating patients of different cultural backgrounds, very few have addressed the impact of the physician's own cultural background and offered methods to overcome his or her own unconscious biases. In hopes of training physicians to contextualize the impact of their own cultural background on their ability to provide optimal patient care, the authors created a 14-session course on culture, self-reflection, and medicine...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341932/-cross-sectional-field-pain-medicine-q14-the-mainz-model-development-of-the-pain-medicine-curriculum-in-the-standard-study-course-at-the-university-medical-school-of-the-johannes-gutenberg-university-mainz
#17
S Kurz, H Buggenhagen, R Schwab, R Laufenberg-Feldmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following the amendment of the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) in 2012, pain medicine was introduced as a mandatory subject for students during undergraduate medical training. Medical schools were required to define and to implement adequate curricular and formal teaching structures based on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional requirements according to the curriculum for pain medicine of the German Pain Society. These aspects were considered in the new interdisciplinary curriculum for pain medicine, the so-called Mainz model...
March 24, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341619/assessing-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-web-based-enhanced-relapse-prevention-for-bipolar-disorder-erponline-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Fiona Lobban, Alyson L Dodd, Adam P Sawczuk, Ozgur Asar, Dave Dagnan, Peter J Diggle, Martin Griffiths, Mahsa Honary, Dawn Knowles, Rita Long, Richard Morriss, Rob Parker, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Interventions that teach people with bipolar disorder (BD) to recognize and respond to early warning signs (EWS) of relapse are recommended but implementation in clinical practice is poor. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate a Web-based enhanced relapse prevention intervention (ERPonline) and to report preliminary evidence of effectiveness. METHODS: A single-blind, parallel, primarily online RCT (n=96) over 48 weeks comparing ERPonline plus usual treatment with "waitlist (WL) control" plus usual treatment for people with BD recruited through National Health Services (NHSs), voluntary organizations, and media...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341618/can-gaming-increase-antibiotic-awareness-in-children-a-mixed-methods-approach
#19
Alexander R Hale, Vicki Louise Young, Ann Grand, Cliodna Ann Miriam McNulty
BACKGROUND: e-Bug is a pan-European educational resource for junior and senior school children, which contains activities covering prudent antibiotic use and the spread, treatment, and prevention of infection. Teaching resources for children aged 7-15 years are complemented by a student website that hosts games and interactive activities for the children to continue their learning at home. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to appraise young people's opinions of 3 antibiotic games on the e-Bug student website, exploring children's views and suggestions for improvements, and analyzing change in their knowledge around the learning outcomes covered...
March 24, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341585/the-experiences-of-last-year-student-midwives-with-high-fidelity-perinatal-simulation-training-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#20
Joeri Vermeulen, Katrien Beeckman, Rivka Turcksin, Lies Van Winkel, Léonardo Gucciardo, Monika Laubach, Wim Peersman, Eva Swinnen
BACKGROUND: Simulation training is a powerful and evidence-based teaching method in healthcare. It allows students to develop essential competences that are often difficult to achieve during internships. High-Fidelity Perinatal Simulation exposes them to real-life scenarios in a safe environment. Although student midwives' experiences need to be considered to make the simulation training work, these have been overlooked so far. AIM: To explore the experiences of last-year student midwives with High-Fidelity Perinatal Simulation training...
March 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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