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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036991/-molecular-epidemiology-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-a-hospital-in-beijing
#1
D K Chen, H J Zhou
Objective: To reveal the molecular epidemiological characteristics of Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) isolated from a three level teaching hospital in Beijing. Methods: Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was carried out to subtyping 375 CRKP isolated in that hospital between May 2010 and October 2015. Fifteen strains were chose based on the PFGE patterns to be analyzed by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and detection of carbapenem-resistance genes. One strain (A1502) was selected for whole genome sequencing and analyzing...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036892/adaptive-enhancement-of-x-band-marine-radar-imagery-to-detect-oil-spill-segments
#2
Peng Liu, Ying Li, Jin Xu, Xueyuan Zhu
Oil spills generate a large cost in environmental and economic terms. Their identification plays an important role in oil-spill response. We propose an oil spill detection method with improved adaptive enhancement on X-band marine radar systems. The radar images used in this paper were acquired on 21 July 2010, from the teaching-training ship "YUKUN" of the Dalian Maritime University. According to the shape characteristic of co-channel interference, two convolutional filters are used to detect the location of the interference, followed by a mean filter to erase the interference...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034812/symptom-reducing-actions-a-concept-analysis-in-the-context-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Ann-Britt Zakrisson
Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) have multiple symptoms. Nursing care is based on six core competencies and one of them is person-centred care that includes the aspect of professional symptom relief. The aim was to clarify a meaning of the concept of Symptom-reducing actions in the context of COPD. Databases MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched between 1982 and February 2016 and 26 publications were found. Two dictionaries and three books were investigated. The method of Walker & Avant was followed...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034648/interactive-multimedia-training-in-osteoporosis-prevention-of-female-high-school-students-an-interventional-study
#4
Ladan Zarshenas, Tala Keshavarz, Marzieh Momennasab, Nahid Zarifsanaiey
Given the limitations of traditional teaching methods in the learning process of adolescents, this study was designed to investigate the effects of osteoporosis prevention training through interactive multimedia method on the degree of knowledge and self-efficacy of female high school students. In this interventional study which was conducted in 2016 in Fars province, Iran, 120 high school students were selected through proportional stratified sampling from schools and different classes at first, second, third, and pre-university grades...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033992/patient-safety-culture-in-intensive-care-units-from-the-perspective-of-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sedigheh Farzi, Azam Moladoost, Masoud Bahrami, Saba Farzi, Reza Etminani
BACKGROUND: One of the goals of nursing is providing safe care, prevention of injury, and health promotion of patients. Patient safety in intensive care units is threatened for various reasons. This study aimed to survey patient safety culture from the perspective of nurses in intensive care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. Sampling was done using the convenience method. The sample consisted of 367 nurses working in intensive care units of teaching hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033986/women-coping-strategies-towards-menopause-and-its-relationship-with-sexual-dysfunction
#6
Nafiseh Shams Nateri, Marjan Beigi, Ashraf Kazemi, Fatemeh Shirinkam
BACKGROUND: Paying attention to sexual dysfunction and its coping strategies is essential owing to its impact on mental health in postmenopausal women and their families. This study aimed to determine the relationship between women coping strategies toward the process of menopause and sexual dysfunction in menopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in which 233 married menopausal women were sampled in the first 5 years after cessation of menstrual cycle using health records in the health centers in Isfahan in 2015...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033804/second-language-word-learning-through-repetition-and-imitation-functional-networks-as-a-function-of-learning-phase-and-language-distance
#7
Ladan Ghazi-Saidi, Ana Ines Ansaldo
Introduction and Aim: Repetition and imitation are among the oldest second language (L2) teaching approaches and are frequently used in the context of L2 learning and language therapy, despite some heavy criticism. Current neuroimaging techniques allow the neural mechanisms underlying repetition and imitation to be examined. This fMRI study examines the influence of verbal repetition and imitation on network configuration. Integration changes within and between the cognitive control and language networks were studied, in a pair of linguistically close languages (Spanish and French), and compared to our previous work on a distant language pair (Ghazi-Saidi et al...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033527/dental-students-perceptions-of-an-online-learning
#8
Moshabab A Asiry
OBJECTIVES: To identify the readiness of students for online learning, to investigate their preference and perception, and to measure the quality of online tutorials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 14-statement questionnaire was administered to fourth year undergraduate dental students in male campus at King Saud University who completed preclinical orthodontic course. The students responded to each statement by using Likert scale. RESULTS: The results reveal a high agreement of students (27...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033273/current-techniques-of-teaching-and-learning-in-bariatric-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review
#9
Mirjam Kaijser, Gabrielle van Ramshorst, Bart van Wagensveld, Jean-Pierre Pierie
OBJECTIVE: The gastric sleeve resection and gastric bypass are the 2 most commonly performed bariatric procedures. This article provides an overview of current teaching and learning methods of those techniques in resident and fellow training. DESIGN: A database search was performed on Pubmed, Embase, and the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) to identify the methods used to provide training in bariatric surgery worldwide. After exclusion based on titles and abstracts, full texts of the selected articles were assessed...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032910/venous-thromboembolism-after-laparoscopic-or-robotic-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-ninety-days-outcome-of-a-10-years-experience
#10
Hamzeh M Halawani, Charis F Ripley-Hager, Mary C Naglak, Fernando Bonanni, Gintaras Antanavicius
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a feared complication after bariatric surgery. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is a complex bariatric procedure that is offered typically to super morbidly obese patients. Scarce data exist in reporting VTE outcome and identifying the risk factors associated with it after BPD-DS. OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for VTE after BPD-DS at 90-day follow-up. SETTING: A nonprofit regional referral center and teaching hospital in Pennsylvania...
September 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030753/successful-implementation-of-virtual-environment-for-radiotherapy-training-vert-in-medical-physics-education-the-university-of-sydney-s-initial-experience-and-recommendations
#11
Yobelli A Jimenez, Christian Rønn Hansen, Prabhjot Juneja, David I Thwaites
This report outlines the University of Sydney's initial experience with the Virtual Environment for Radiotherapy Training (VERT) system in the Master of Medical Physics program. VERT is a commercially available system, simulating linear accelerators, patient computed tomography (CT) sets, plans and treatment delivery. It was purpose built for radiation therapy (RT) education and offers learners the opportunity to gain knowledge and skills within an interactive, risk-free environment. The integration of VERT into the RT physics module of the Master of Medical Physics program was intended to enhance student knowledge and skills relevant to the curriculum's learning objectives, and to alleviate some of the burden associated with student access to clinical equipment...
October 13, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029132/general-practitioners-strategies-in-consultations-with-immigrants-in-norway-practice-based-shared-reflections-among-participants-in-focus-groups
#12
Stefán Hjörleifsson, Elise Hammer, Esperanza Díaz
Background: Immigrants comprise 16.8% of the population in Norway and meet General Practitioners (GPs) as their first point of contact with most health care services as do others in Norway. While Norwegian GPs are not trained in cultural competence, little is known about the extent to which they see good care for immigrants as relying on specific strategies. Objectives: To explore the thoughts of GPs in Norway about strategies they might use with immigrant patients...
September 28, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028883/a-new-pan-european-train-the-trainer-programme-for-bioinformatics-pilot-results-on-feasibility-utility-and-sustainability-of-learning
#13
Allegra Via, Teresa K Attwood, Pedro L Fernandes, Sarah L Morgan, Maria Victoria Schneider, Patricia M Palagi, Gabriella Rustici, Rochelle E Tractenberg
Demand for training life scientists in bioinformatics methods, tools and resources and computational approaches is urgent and growing. To meet this demand, new trainers must be prepared with effective teaching practices for delivering short hands-on training sessions-a specific type of education that is not typically part of professional preparation of life scientists in many countries. A new Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme was created by adapting existing models, using input from experienced trainers and experts in bioinformatics, and from educational and cognitive sciences...
September 26, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028566/concept-mapping-to-promote-meaningful-learning-help-relate-theory-to-practice-and-improve-learning-self-efficacy-in-asian-mental-health-nursing-students-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#14
Daniel T Bressington, Wai-Kit Wong, Kar Kei Claire Lam, Wai Tong Chien
OBJECTIVES: Student nurses are provided with a great deal of knowledge within university, but they can find it difficult to relate theory to nursing practice. This study aimed to test the appropriateness and feasibility of assessing Novak's concept mapping as an educational strategy to strengthen the theory-practice link, encourage meaningful learning and enhance learning self-efficacy in nursing students. DESIGN: This pilot study utilised a mixed-methods quasi-experimental design...
October 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028264/teacheng-a-teaching-engine-for-genomics
#15
Minji Kim, Yeonsung Kim, Lei Qian, Jun S Song
Motivation: Bioinformatics is a rapidly growing field that has emerged from the synergy of computer science, statistics and biology. Given the interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics, many students from diverse fields struggle with grasping bioinformatic concepts only from classroom lectures. Interactive tools for helping students reinforce their learning would be thus desirable. Here, we present an interactive online educational tool called TeachEnG (acronym for Teaching Engine for Genomics) for reinforcing key concepts in sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree reconstruction...
October 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026963/an-evaluation-of-the-role-of-simulation-training-for-teaching-surgical-skills-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
Nicholas J Campain, Mithun Kailavasan, Mumba Chalwe, Aberra A Gobeze, Getaneh Teferi, Robert Lane, Chandra Shekhar Biyani
BACKGROUND: An estimated 5 billion people worldwide lack access to any surgical care, whilst surgical conditions account for 11-30% of the global burden of disease. Maximizing the effectiveness of surgical training is imperative to improve access to safe and essential surgical care on a global scale. Innovative methods of surgical training have been used in sub-Saharan Africa to attempt to improve the efficiency of training healthcare workers in surgery. Simulation training may have an important role in up-scaling and improving the efficiency of surgical training and has been widely used in SSA...
October 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026464/evaluation-of-doppler-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-dysfunction-a-prospective-study
#17
Charlotte Nicolas, Amélie Le Gouge, Louis d'Alteroche, Jean Ayoub, Monica Georgescu, Vincent Vidal, Denis Castaing, Jean-Pierre Cercueil, Patrick Chevallier, Jérôme Roumy, Hervé Trillaud, Louis Boyer, Vincent Le Pennec, Christophe Perret, Bruno Giraudeau, Jean-Marc Perarnau, Stic-Tips Group
AIM: To prospectively evaluate the performance of Doppler-ultrasonography (US) for the detection of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction within a multicenter cohort of cirrhotic patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in 10 french teaching hospitals. After TIPS insertion, angiography and liver Doppler-US were carried out every six months to detect dysfunction (defined by a portosystemic gradient ≥ 12 mmHg and/or a stent stenosis ≥ 50%)...
September 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026234/compliance-with-the-guide-for-commissioning-oral-surgery-an-audit-and-discussion
#18
O Modgill, A Shah
Introduction The Guide for commissioning oral surgery and oral medicine published by NHS England (2015) prescribes the level of complexity of oral surgery and oral medicine investigations and procedures to be carried out within NHS services. These are categorised as Level 1, Level 2, Level 3A and Level 3B. An audit was designed to ascertain the level of oral surgery procedures performed by clinicians of varying experience and qualification working in a large oral surgery department within a major teaching hospital...
October 13, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025066/supply-and-demand-application-of-lean-six-sigma-methods-to-improve-drug-round-efficiency-and-release-nursing-time
#19
Maríosa Kieran, Mary Cleary, Aoife De Brún, Aileen Igoe
Objective: To improve efficiency, reduce interruptions and reduce the time taken to complete oral drug rounds. Design: Lean Six Sigma methods were applied to improve drug round efficiency using a pre- and post-intervention design. Setting: A 20-bed orthopaedic ward in a large teaching hospital in Ireland. Participants: Pharmacy, nursing and quality improvement staff. Intervention(s): A multifaceted intervention was designed which included changes in processes related to drug trolley organization and drug supply planning...
August 19, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023687/a-guide-for-effective-anatomical-vascularization-studies-useful-ex%C3%A2-vivo-methods-for-both-ct-and-mri-imaging-before-dissection
#20
Yohann Renard, Gabriela Hossu, Bailiang Chen, Marine Krebs, Marc Labrousse, Manuela Perez
The objective of this study was to develop a simple and useful injection protocol for imaging cadaveric vascularization and dissection. Mixtures of contrast agent and cast product should provide adequate contrast for two types of ex vivo imaging (MRI and CT) and should harden to allow gross dissection of the injected structures. We tested the most popular contrast agents and cast products, and selected the optimal mixture composition based on their availability and ease of use. All mixtures were first tested in vitro to adjust dilution parameters of each contrast agent and to fine-tune MR imaging acquisition sequences...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
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