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tc ear

Ruggero Lapenna, Michele Ori, Puya Mobaraki Dehgani, Giampietro Ricci
OBJECTIVE: To present the first reported case of a temporal lobe abscess in a patient with ectodermal dysplasia (ED). To increase awareness among neurotologists of the otological manifestations and complications of ED, we describe a conservative approach in comparison with the surgical strategies to repair bony defects of the tegmen tympani. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical capsule report. PATIENT: A 44-year-old man with ED presented with retroauricular pain and high-grade fever after Eustachian tube catheterizations to treat an effusive otitis media...
May 21, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Jianmin Ren, Fufu Ma, Yujing Zhou, Anting Xu, Jianjian Zhang, Rong Ma, Xiaoyan Xiao
AIMS: The study was to investigate the hearing function in subjects with non-diabetic nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy and analyze related clinical indexes of hearing impairment. METHODS: We assessed the hearing function of 30 diabetics (DM group), 30 patients with early diabetic nephropathy (DN group) and 30 healthy subjects (NC group) using pure-tone audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, electronystagmography, caloric test and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Robin Eijlers, Jeroen S Legerstee, Bram Dierckx, Lonneke M Staals, Johan Berghmans, Marc P van der Schroeff, Rene Mh Wijnen, Elisabeth Mwj Utens
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety in children is highly prevalent and is associated with adverse outcomes. Existing psychosocial interventions to reduce preoperative anxiety are often aimed at distraction and are of limited efficacy. Gradual exposure is a far more effective way to reduce anxiety. Virtual reality (VR) provides a unique opportunity to gradually expose children to all aspects of the operating theater. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study are (1) to develop a virtual reality exposure (VRE) tool to prepare children psychologically for surgery; and (2) to examine the efficacy of the VRE tool in a randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which VRE will be compared to care as usual (CAU)...
September 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Sergio D'Addato, Luciana Scandiani, Giuliana Mombelli, Francesca Focanti, Federica Pelacchi, Enrica Salvatori, Giorgio Di Loreto, Alessandro Comandini, Pamela Maffioli, Giuseppe Derosa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of the new food supplement, Body Lipid (BL), containing red yeast rice, berberine, coenzyme Q10 and hydroxytyrosol, to lower the LDL-C in patients with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolemia and to assess the overall safety profile of the product. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo and active comparator (the marketed Armolipid Plus® [AM]) controlled study, 158 hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized following a 4-week dietary run-in period...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Nazim Bozan, Yunus Feyyat Sakin, Pinar Kundi, Muzaffer Ari, Ferhat Bozkus
Nasopharynx (NP) is anatomically difficult to explore adequately. The pharyngeal bursa (PB) is a recess lined with respiratory epithelium along the posterior wall of the nasopharynx between the longus capitis muscles. If the opening through which the bursa drains into the nasopharynx becomes obstructed, a Thornwaldt's cyst (TC) might develop. Small-sized cysts are mostly asymptomatic, whereas large-sized cysts may lead to various nasal and otologic symptoms depending on their localization. In this report, we present a 71-year-old case with a huge TC who presented to our clinic with the complaints of snoring, nasal obstruction, periodic halitosis, postnasal drip, headache, and hearing loss in the left ear and underwent total excision of the cyst through transnasal endoscopy...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Sang Hoon Kim, Eun Ju Jeon, Seok Min Hong, Chang Hoon Bae, Ho Yun Lee, Moo Kyun Park, Jae Yong Byun, Myung Gu Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
Changes over time in pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity resulting from the recent overuse and misuse of antibiotics in otitis media (OM) have complicated treatment. This study evaluated changes over 5 years in principal pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity in patients in Korea diagnosed with acute OM (AOM) and OM with effusion (OME). The study population consisted of 683 patients who visited the outpatient department of otorhinolaryngology in 7 tertiary hospitals in Korea between January 2010 and May 2015 and were diagnosed with acute AOM or OME...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
M Houtenbos, J C F de Winter, A R Hale, P A Wieringa, M P Hagenzieker
A large portion of road traffic crashes occur at intersections for the reason that drivers lack necessary visual information. This research examined the effects of an audio-visual display that provides real-time sonification and visualization of the speed and direction of another car approaching the crossroads on an intersecting road. The location of red blinking lights (left vs. right on the speedometer) and the lateral input direction of beeps (left vs. right ear in headphones) corresponded to the direction from where the other car approached, and the blink and beep rates were a function of the approaching car's speed...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Mohammed S Bermo, Alan Leung, Fatemeh Behnia
A 73-year-old man diagnosed with Merkel cell carcinoma of the left nasal ala was referred for preoperative scintigraphic sentinel lymph node mapping. In three separate foci around the lesion, 0.2 mCi of Tc-sulfur colloid was intradermally administered. Planar images demonstrated accumulation of tracer midway between the nose and left ear. SPECT/CT images localized radiotracer uptake to the left buccinator/buccal space, consistent with a buccinator lymph node, which is an inconsistent part of the facial lymphatic drainage...
November 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Jingang An, Tian Li, Yingying Dong, Zhengxiao Li, Jia Huo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psoriasis is one of the most common inflammatory skin disorders, affecting 3% of the general population. Terminalia chebulanin (TC) is a polyphenolic compound that possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of TC on psoriatic lesions. METHODS: We examined the protective effect of TC against psoriatic lesions in mice and keratinocyte proliferation in HaCaT cells. RESULTS: We found that TC exhibited potent anti-psoriatic activities, as evidenced by improvement of erythema and scaling scores, decrease of epidermal, ear and skinfold thickening, decrease of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-23 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression, and decrease of TBARS content and increase of GSH content in IMQ-treated mice, and decrease of keratinocyte proliferation, TNFα, IL-17A and IL-23 expression, and ROS level in M5-treated cells...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Nermin Hrnčić, Amna Goga, Selma Hrnčić, Marijana Filipovska-Mušanović, Haris Hatibović, Ðenad Hodžić
Aim To determine frequency and type of thyroid cancer (TC) as well as gender and age distribution of patients operated at the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT), Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Methods A retrospective analysis of data obtained from an operating protocol and disease history of patients operated in the eightyear period (2007- 2014) was made according to the frequency and type of thyroid cancer, as well as age and gender of the patients. χ2 test was used for statistical with p<0...
August 1, 2016: Medicinski Glasnik
A Garcia-Gonzalez, C Castro-Egler, A Gonzalez-Herrera
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this paper is to study the mechanical influence of the tympanic cavity (TC) in the auditory system (AS). It is done for a frequency range from 0.1 to 20 kHz and the pressure source was applied in the external ear canal (EEC) entrance. METHODS: Numerical simulations were developed for seven different models by means of finite element model. On the basis of an EEC finite elements model, the additional elements are coupled and removed in order to evaluate the contribution of the TC...
March 31, 2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
Margaret Ashwell, Sigrid Gibson
OBJECTIVES: There is now good evidence that central obesity carries more health risks compared with total obesity assessed by body mass index (BMI). It has therefore been suggested that waist circumference (WC), a proxy for central obesity, should be included with BMI in a 'matrix' to categorise health risk. We wanted to compare how the adult UK population is classified using such a 'matrix' with that using another proxy for central obesity, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), using a boundary value of 0...
March 14, 2016: BMJ Open
Kayvan Sadri, Salimeh Momenypoor, Vahid Reza Dabbagh Kakhki, Ramin Sadeghi, Kamran Aryana, Fariba Johari Daha, Seyed Rasoul Zakavi, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari
In-vitro labeling of RBC with (99m)Tc is an intricate procedure and there is always a need for an alternate blood pool imaging agent. The aim of this study was to prepare an effective nano sized liposome (NLs) similar to human RBC for blood pool scintigraphy. This study formulates PEG-NLs and non-PEG-NLs using film method plus high pressure homogenization technique. Biodistribution studies were performed on BALB/C mice 1, 4 and 24 h after tail vein injection of labeled NLs with (99m)Tc hexamethylpropylene-amine-oxime ((99m)Tc-HMPAO)...
2015: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Tingtinga Pang, Zhicheng Liu, Bin Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences of clinical effects in female patients with obesity and hyperlipidemia of yang deficiency of spleen and kidney syndrome between warm acupuncture combined with auricular acupuncture and simple warm acupuncture. METHODS: One hundred and thirty patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 65 cases in each one. In the control group, acupuncture was used at Pishu (BL 20), Zhongwan(CV 12), Shenshu(BL 23), Zhongji(CV 3), Guanyuan(CV 4), Mingmen(GV 4), Taibai(SP 3), Fenglong(ST 40), etc...
June 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
N E Berentzen, L van Rossem, U Gehring, G H Koppelman, D S Postma, J C de Jongste, H A Smit, A H Wijga
BACKGROUND: Risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease is higher in adults who were relatively thin at birth and had subsequent accelerated weight gain. This specific pattern of weight gain may relate to unfavorable cardiometabolic markers already in childhood. We prospectively assessed whether children with different patterns of overweight development from age 3 months to 11 years had distinct levels of cardiometabolic markers at age 12 years. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data of 1500 children participating in the PIAMA birth cohort that started in 1996/1997...
January 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Ji-Jin Yao, Guan-Qun Zhou, Li Lin, Wang-Jian Zhang, Ying-Lin Peng, Lei Chen, Ling-Long Tang, Yan-Ping Mao, Jun Ma, Ying Sun
This study is to identify significant dosimetric parameters for ear disorders in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with intensity modulated therapy only. Ninety-seven patients with NPC were retrospectively reviewed. Organs at risk (OARs) in the auditory apparatus were contoured. Dose-volume histogram parameters were generated for the Eustachian tube (ET), tympanic cavity (TC), mastoid air cells, vestibular apparatus, cochlea and internal auditory canal (IAC). Ear disorders were rated 0 (none), 1 (mild) or 2 (severe) by a clinician blinded to radiation doses; Grade 2 ear disorders was the study end-point...
2015: Scientific Reports
Lena Sulzbacher, Markus Klinger, Christine Scheurecker, Michael Wacha, Andreas Shamiyeh, Michael Malek, Patrick M Colletti, Domenico Rubello, Michael Gabriel
INTRODUCTION: Patients with invasive malignant melanoma are commonly referred for sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection. A recently proposed 3D tomographic imaging modality is freehand SPECT (declipseSPECT). This "bedside system" was originally developed to enable minimal-invasive image-guided surgery. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess the clinical use of this freehand detector device for image-guided lymphatic mapping in melanoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (12 female and 27 male subjects) were included (age, 30-79 years)...
September 2015: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Joanna J Lukawska, Lefteris Livieratos, Barbara M Sawyer, Tak Lee, Michael O'Doherty, Philip J Blower, Martin Kofi, James R Ballinger, Christopher J Corrigan, Gopinath Gnanasegaran, Ehsan Sharif-Paghaleh, Gregory E D Mullen
BACKGROUND: It is important to study differential inflammatory cellular migration, particularly of eosinophils and neutrophils, in asthma and how this is influenced by environmental stimuli such as allergen exposure and the effects of anti asthma therapy. METHODS: We isolated blood neutrophils and eosinophils from 12 atopic asthmatic human volunteers (Group 1 - four Early Allergic Responders unchallenged (EAR); Group 2 - four Early and Late Allergic Responders (LAR) challenged; Group 3 - four EAR and LAR challenged and treated with systemic corticosteroids) using cGMP CD16 CliniMACS...
December 2014: EBioMedicine
Antonio Greco, Armando De Virgilio, Maria Ida Rizzo, Andrea Gallo, Giuseppe Magliulo, Massimo Fusconi, Giovanni Ruoppolo, Mario Tombolini, Rosaria Turchetta, Marco de Vincentiis
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is an idiopathic autoimmune disease characterized by systemic vasculitis. The disease predominantly affects small-calibre blood vessels and is associated with the presence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA). Microscopic polyangiitis was considered to be a disease entity by Savage et al. in 1985. Microscopic polyangiitis has a reported low incidence and a slight male predominance. The aetiology of MPA remains unknown. There is, however, increased evidence that MPA is an autoimmune disease in which ANCAs, particularly those reacting with MPO, are pathogenic...
September 2015: Autoimmunity Reviews
Tingting Wang, Hanhan Huang, Yao Zhang, Xia Li, Hongfa Li, Qianqian Jiang, Wenyuan Gao
Nine Lilium samples (belong to 6 different cultivars with different maturity stage) were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed of total phenolics (TP), total flavonoids (TF), total saponins (TS), total carbohydrates (TC, polysaccharides), and soluble proteins contents (SP), and the monomeric components were quantified utilizing high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detector (HPLC-PAD) associated with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Antioxidant activity (reducing power and DPPH radical scavenging activity), anti-inflammatory (xylene-induced mouse ear edema detumescent assay and carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema detumescent assay), and sedative-hypnotic capacities (sodium pentobarbital-induced sleep assay) were comparatively evaluated in mouse model...
April 2015: Journal of Food Science
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