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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing

Gina Leisching, Ray-Dean Pietersen, Carel van Heerden, Paul van Helden, Ian Wiid, Bienyameen Baker
The distinguishing factors that characterize the host response to infection with virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) are largely confounding. We present an infection study with two genetically closely related M.tb strains that have vastly different pathogenic characteristics. The early host response to infection with these detergent-free cultured strains was analysed through RNAseq in an attempt to provide information on the subtleties which may ultimately contribute to the virulent phenotype. Murine bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) were infected with either a hyper- (R5527) or hypovirulent (R1507) Beijing M...
October 20, 2016: Virulence
K V Shur, M V Zaychikova, N E Mikheecheva, K M Klimina, O B Bekker, S N Zhdanova, O B Ogarkov, V N Danilenko
We report a draft genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain B9741 belonging to Beijing B0/W lineage isolated from a HIV patient from Siberia, Russia. This clinical isolate showed MDR phenotype and resistance to isoniazid, rifampin, streptomycin and pyrazinamide. We analyzed SNPs associated with virulence and resistance. The draft genome sequence and annotation have been deposited at GenBank under the accession NZ_LVJJ00000000.
December 2016: Genomics Data
Du Toit Loots, Conrad C Swanepoel, Mae Newton-Foot, Nicolaas C Gey van Pittius
The ESX-1 gene cluster, encoding the Type-VII secretion (T7S) system and its virulence associated proteins, ESAT-6 and CFP-10, is thought to be responsible for the transport of extracellular proteins across the hydrophobic and highly impermeable, cell envelope of Mycobacterium, and is involved in virulence in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. Using a GCxGC-TOFMS metabolomics approach, a M. smegmatis ESX-1 knock-out strain (ΔESX-1ms) was compared to that of the M. smegmatis wild-type parent strain, and the metabolite markers due to the presence or absence of the ESX-1 gene cluster were identified...
October 12, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Fatemeh Riyahi Zaniani, Sharareh Moghim, Hossein Mirhendi, Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei, Hossein Fazeli, Mahshid Salehi, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
In this study, we aimed to identify the genetic lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Isfahan via the mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable number tandem repeat typing method based on 15 loci. Forty-nine M. tuberculosis isolates were collected between 2013 and 2015 from Tuberculosis patients in Mollahadi Sabzevari Tuberculosis Center in Isfahan. All isolates were typed by 15-locus MIRU-VNTR typing. The highest percentage of isolates, 44.89 % (22/49), belonged to the Euro-American lineage, while the frequencies of the East-African-Indian, East-Asian, and Indo-Oceanic lineages were 28...
October 14, 2016: Current Microbiology
Ranjana Arora, Lisa Armitige, Audrey Wanger, Robert L Hunter, Shen-An Hwang
Trehalose 6,6'dimycolate (TDM) is a glycolipid found in nearly pure form on the surface of virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). This manuscript investigated the production of TDM, growth rate and colony morphology of multiple strains of MTB, each of which had been isolated from both pulmonary (sputum) and extrapulmonary sites of multiple patients. Since sputum contains MTB primarily from cavities and extrapulmonary biopsies are typically granulomas, this provided an opportunity to compare the behavior of single strains of MTB that had been isolated from cavities and granulomas...
September 28, 2016: Tuberculosis
Ulziijargal Gurjav, Alexander C Outhred, Peter Jelfs, Nadine McCallum, Qinning Wang, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Ben J Marais, Vitali Sintchenko
Australia has a low tuberculosis incidence rate with most cases occurring among recent immigrants. Given suboptimal cluster resolution achieved with 24-locus mycobacterium interspersed repetitive unit (MIRU-24) genotyping, the added value of whole genome sequencing was explored. MIRU-24 profiles of all Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture-confirmed tuberculosis cases diagnosed between 2009 and 2013 in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, were examined and clusters identified. The relatedness of cases within the largest MIRU-24 clusters was assessed using whole genome sequencing and phylogenetic analyses...
2016: PloS One
Liqun Zhang, Yu Pang, Xia Yu, Yufeng Wang, Jie Lu, Mengqiu Gao, Hairong Huang, Yanlin Zhao
Pulmonary cavitation is one of the most frequently observed clinical characteristics in tuberculosis (TB). The objective of this study was to investigate the potential risk factors associated with cavitary TB in China. A total of 385 smear-positive patients were enrolled in the study, including 192 (49.9%) patients with cavitation as determined by radiographic findings. Statistical analysis revealed that the distribution of patients with diabetes in the cavitary group was significantly higher than that in the non-cavitary group (adjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)):12...
October 12, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Maxime Barbier, Thierry Wirth
With the advent of next-generation sequencing technology, the genotyping of clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains went through a major breakup that dramatically improved the field of molecular epidemiology but also revolutionized our deep understanding of the M. tuberculosis complex evolutionary history. The intricate paths of the pathogen and its human host are reflected by a common geographical origin in Africa and strong biogeographical associations that largely reflect the past migration waves out of Africa...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Horng-Yunn Dou, Yih-Yuan Chen, Ying-Tsong Chen, Jia-Ru Chang, Chien-Hsing Lin, Keh-Ming Wu, Ming-Shian Lin, Ih-Jen Su, Shih-Feng Tsai
To better understand the transmission and evolution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in Taiwan, six different MTB isolates (representatives of the Beijing ancient sublineage, Beijing modern sublineage, Haarlem, East-African Indian, T1, and Latin-American Mediterranean (LAM)) were characterized and their genomes were sequenced. Discriminating among large sequence polymorphisms (LSPs) that occur once versus those that occur repeatedly in a genomic region may help to elucidate the biological roles of LSPs and to identify the useful phylogenetic relationships...
2016: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
Laura Pérez-Lago, Miguel Martínez-Lirola, Sergio García, Marta Herranz, Igor Mokrousov, Iñaki Comas, Llúcia Martínez, Emilio Bouza, Darío García de Viedma
Current migratory movements require new strategies for rapid tracking of the transmission of high-risk imported Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) enables us to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and therefore design polymerase-chain-reaction assays (PCRs) to track specific relevant strains. However, fast implementation of these strategies in the hospital setting is difficult because professionals working in diagnostics, molecular epidemiology, and genomics are generally in separate institutions...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Qing-Qin Yin, Hai-Can Liu, Wei-Wei Jiao, Qin-Jing Li, Rui Han, Jian-Ling Tian, Zhi-Guang Liu, Xiu-Qin Zhao, Ying-Jia Li, Kang-Lin Wan, A-Dong Shen, Igor Mokrousov
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype originated in China and has undergone a dramatic population growth and global spread in the last century. Here, a collection of M. tuberculosis Beijing family isolates from different provinces across all China was genotyped by high-resolution (24-MIRU-VNTR) and low-resolution, high-rank (modern and ancient sublineages) markers. The molecular profiles and global and local phylogenies were compared to the strain phenotype and patient data. The phylogeographic patterns observed in the studied collection demonstrate that large-scale (but not middle/small-scale) distance remains one of the decisive factors of the genetic divergence of M...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yanan Li, Yuling Wang, Zhi Zhang, Huixia Gao, Haibin Wang, Jinfeng Cao, Shumin Zhang, Yuzhen Liu, Jianhua Lu, Zungui Xu, Erhei Dai
Ethambutol (EMB) is an essential first-line drug for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Nucleotide substitutions at embB codon 306 have been proposed as a potential marker for EMB resistance and a predictor for broad drug resistance in clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolates. However, discordant findings about the association between embB306 mutation and EMB resistance were reported. The Hebei province is located in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration region; however, little information about the genetic diversity of embB locus is available in this area...
September 26, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Jeroen de Keijzer, Arnout Mulder, Arnoud H de Ru, Dick van Soolingen, Peter A van Veelen
: The spread of multidrug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the major challenges in tuberculosis control. In Eurasia, the spread of multidrug resistant tuberculosis is driven by the M. tuberculosis Beijing genotype. In this study, we examined whether selective advantages are present in the proteome of Beijing isolates that contribute to the emergence of this genotype. To this end, we compared the proteome of M. tuberculosis Beijing to that of M. tuberculosis H37Rv, both in the presence and absence of the first-line antibiotic rifampicin...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Mandira Varma-Basil, Anshika Narang, Soumitesh Chakravorty, Kushal Garima, Shraddha Gupta, Naresh Kumar Sharma, Astha Giri, Thierry Zozio, David Couvin, Mahmud Hanif, Anuj Bhatnagar, Balakrishnan Menon, Stefan Niemann, Nalin Rastogi, David Alland, Mridula Bose
Several attempts have been made to associate phylogenetic differences among Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains to variations in the clinical outcome of the disease and to drug resistance. We genotyped 139 clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis obtained from patients of pulmonary tuberculosis in North Delhi region. The isolates were analyzed using nine Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTRs; and the results were correlated with their drug susceptibility profile. Results of SNP cluster group (SCG) analysis (available for 138 isolates) showed that the most predominant cluster was SCG 3a, observed in 58...
September 2016: Tuberculosis
Htin Lin Aung, Thanda Tun, Danesh Moradigaravand, Claudio U Köser, Wint Wint Nyunt, Si Thu Aung, Thandar Lwin, Kyi Kyi Thinn, John A Crump, Julian Parkhill, Sharon J Peacock, Gregory M Cook, Philip C Hill
Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a major health threat in Myanmar. An initial study was conducted to explore the potential utility of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) for the diagnosis and management of drug-resistant TB in Myanmar. Fourteen multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were sequenced. Known resistance genes for a total of nine antibiotics commonly used in the treatment of drug-susceptible and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) in Myanmar were interrogated through WGS. All 14 isolates were MDR-TB, consistent with the results of phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST), and the Beijing lineage predominated...
September 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Nontobeko Eunice Mvubu, Balakrishna Pillay, Junaid Gamieldien, William Bishai, Manormoney Pillay
Although pulmonary epithelial cells are integral to innate and adaptive immune responses during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, global transcriptomic changes in these cells remain largely unknown. Changes in gene expression induced in pulmonary epithelial cells infected with M. tuberculosis F15/LAM4/KZN, F11, F28, Beijing and Unique genotypes were investigated by RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). The Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform generated 50 bp reads that were mapped to the human genome (Hg19) using Tophat (2...
December 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Jitendra Prasad Mathuria, Govind Narayan Srivastava, Pragya Sharma, Bharat Lal Mathuria, Sanjay Ojha, Vishwa Mohan Katoch, Shampa Anupurba
The global presence and rapid dissemination of Beijing genotype of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, makes it an important issue of public health. Its presence and association with multi-drug resistance has been shown in many settings. In present study we tried to find its prevalence and association with drug resistance in North India. One hundred and twenty four M. tuberculosis isolates were analyzed with spoligotyping, further drug susceptibility testing was done by 1% proportional method. Out of these, 11 (8.9%) M...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Saurabh Sharma, Jaya Sivaswami Tyagi
DevR/DosR is a well-characterized regulator in Mycobacterium tuberculosis which is implicated in various processes ranging from dormancy/persistence to drug tolerance. DevR induces the expression of an ~48-gene dormancy regulon in response to gaseous stresses, including hypoxia. Strains of the Beijing lineage constitutively express this regulon, which may confer upon them a significant advantage, since they would be 'pre-adapted' to the environmental stresses that predominate during infection. Aerobic DevR regulon expression in laboratory-manipulated overexpression strains is also reported...
2016: PloS One
Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Anne-Laure Bañuls, Thanh Hoa Thi Tran, Kim Lien Thi Pham, Thai Son Nguyen, Hung Van Nguyen, Ngoc Lan Thi Nguyen, Nam Lien Thi Nguyen, Duc Anh Dang, Guy B Marks, Marc Choisy
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the tuberculosis (TB) pathogen, despite a low level of genetic diversity, has revealed a high variety of biological and epidemiological characteristics linked to their lineages, such as transmissibility, fitness and propensity to acquire drug resistance. This has important implications for the epidemiology of TB. We conducted this first countrywide cross-sectional study to identify the prevalent M. tuberculosis lineages and to assess their epidemiological associations and their relation to drug resistance...
2016: BMC Microbiology
Y Song, L Wan, S S Chen, Y J Xu, Z G Liu, X Q Zhao, H C Liu, Y M Wu, K L Wan, C X Guan, M Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the drug-resistance of clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from the tuberculosis(TB)patients in six provinces in China and related risk factors, and provide evidences for the effective prevention and treatment of drug resistant TB. METHODS: Six provinces were selected from China. The background information of the TB patients was investigated with questionnaire survey, and the drug susceptibilities of the clinical M. tuberculosis strains to isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol and streptomycin were tested by means of the proportional drug susceptibility test...
July 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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