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Femoral version

Joel Wells, Jeffrey J Nepple, Karla Crook, James R Ross, Asheesh Bedi, Perry Schoenecker, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: Hip dysplasia represents a spectrum of complex deformities on both sides of the joint. Although many studies have described the acetabular side of the deformity, to our knowledge, little is known about the three-dimensional (3-D) head and neck offset differences of the femora of dysplastic hips. A thorough knowledge of proximal femoral anatomy is important to prevent potential impingement and improve results after acetabular reorientation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there common proximal femoral characteristics in patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia undergoing periacetabular osteotomy (PAO)? (2) Where is the location of maximal femoral head and neck offset deformity in hip dysplasia? (3) Do certain subgroups of dysplastic hips more commonly have cam-type femoral morphology? (4) Is there a relationship between hip ROM as well as impingement testing and 3-D head and neck offset deformity? METHODS: Using our hip preservation database, 153 hips (148 patients) underwent PAO from October 2013 to July 2015...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Da-Chuan Cheng, Jhu-Fong Wu, Yi-Hsuan Kao, Chun-Hung Su, Shing-Hong Liu
In clinics an accurate vessel segmentation method is important to quantize the vessel volume change with respect to time for artery elasticity measurement. This study proposes a modified version on 3D-expanded dynamic programming to find an optimal surface in a 3D matrix. The aim of this study is to discover the robustness against noises in measuring the cross-sectional area of the femoral artery on MRI datasets of ultra-endurance runners as accurately as possible. To do this, we use phantom images with different added noises and different image contrasts to find out the optimal parameters using grid search...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Chesley F Durgin Iii, E Meade Spratley, Jibanananda Satpathy, William A Jiranek, Jennifer S Wayne
Identifying native femoral version from proximal femoral landmarks would be of benefit both for preoperative assessment as well as intraoperatively. To identify potential markers for femoral anteversion, an empirical framework was developed for orientation-independent analysis of the proximal femur from pelvic CT to allow for segmentation of the proximal femur into five constituent regions: Femoral head, femoral neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter and femoral shaft. The framework is based on the identification of differences in the radius of curvature at anatomic zones of transition between regions of the proximal femur, followed by non-linear geometric shape fitting...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Samia Frioui Mahmoudi, Emna Toulgui, Khalil Ben Jeddou, Mariem Gaddour, Sonia Jemni, Faycel Khachnaoui
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality of life of patients complaining of knee osteoarthritis. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive prospective study over a period of three months on knee osteoarthritis outpatients. Demographic and clinical data were collected. An evaluation by a specific quality of life instrument for osteoarthritis of the knee: "The scale of Osteoarthritis of the Lower Limbs and Quality of Life (OAKHQOL)" Version 2...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
W Z Morris, C A Fowers, R T Yuh, J J Gebhart, M J Salata, R W Liu
OBJECTIVES: The spinopelvic relationship (including pelvic incidence) has been shown to influence pelvic orientation, but its potential association with femoroacetabular impingement has not been thoroughly explored. The purpose of this study was to prove the hypothesis that decreasing pelvic incidence is associated with increased risk of cam morphology. METHODS: Two matching cohorts were created from a collection of cadaveric specimens with known pelvic incidences: 50 subjects with the highest pelvic incidence (all subjects > 60°) and 50 subjects with the lowest pelvic incidence (all subjects < 35°)...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Michael Worlicek, Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael Wörner, Florian Völlner, Hans R Springorum, Joachim Grifka, Tobias Renkawitz
BACKROUND: Improper femoral and acetabular component positioning can be associated with instability, impingement, component wear and finally patient dissatisfaction in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The concept of "femur first"/"combined anteversion", incorporates various aspects of performing a functional optimization of the prosthetic stem and cup position of the stem relative to the cup intraoperatively. In the present study we asked two questions: (1) Do native femoral anteversion and anteversion of the implant correlate? (2) Do anteversion of the final broach and implant anteversion correlate? METHODS: In a secondary analysis of a prospective controlled trial, a subgroup of 55 patients, who underwent computer-assisted, cementless THA with a straight, tapered stem through an anterolateral, minimally invasive (MIS) approach in a lateral decubitus position were examined retrospectivly...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Wolf Siepen, Lukas Zwicky, Karl Kilian Stoffel, Thomas Ilchmann, Martin Clauss
BACKGROUND: Cemented stems show good long-term results and the survival of new implants can be predicted by their early subsidence. With EBRA-FCA (Femoral Component Analysis using Einzel-Bild-Röntgen-Analyse) early subsidence as an early indicator for later aseptic loosening can be analysed. For the cemented TwinSys stem mid- and long-term data is only avalible from the New Zeeland Arthroplasty register, thus close monitoring of this implant system is still mandatory. METHODS: We conducted a 2 year follow up of 100 consecutive hybrid THA (Total hip arthroplasty) of a series of 285 primary THA operated between Jan 2009 und Oct 2010...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Christoph E Albers, Andrea Schwarz, Markus S Hanke, Karl-Philipp Kienle, Stefan Werlen, Klaus A Siebenrock
BACKGROUND: Although the etiology of primary femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is considered developmental, the underlying pathogenic mechanisms remain poorly understood. In particular, research identifying etiologic factors associated with pincer FAI is limited. Knowledge of the physiologic growth patterns of the acetabulum during skeletal maturation might allow conclusions on deviations from normal development that could contribute to pincer-related pathomorphologies. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a population of healthy children, we asked if there were any differences related to skeletal maturation with regard to (1) acetabular version; (2) acetabular depth/width ratio; and (3) femoral head coverage in the same children as assessed by MRIs obtained 1 year apart...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Mubin I Syed, Kamal Morar, Azim Shaikh, Paul Craig, Omar Khan, Sumeet Patel, Hooman Khabiri
PURPOSE: To report 6-month safety and efficacy results of a pilot study of left gastric artery (LGA) embolization for the treatment of morbid obesity (ie, body mass index [BMI] > 40 kg/m(2)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four white patients (three women; average age, 41 y [range, 30-54 y]; mean weight, 259.3 lbs [range, 199-296 lbs]; mean BMI, 42.4 kg/m(2) [range, 40.2-44.9 kg/m(2)]) underwent an LGA embolization procedure with 300-500-µm Bead Block particles via right common femoral or left radial artery approach...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Min-Yook Kim, Young-Yool Chung, Ji-Hoon Park, Jung-Ho Lee
PURPOSE: This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the clinical results and measure polyethylene liner wear in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with highly cross-linked polyethylene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Except for patients who had died or were unable to have follow-up at least 2 years, 60 of 78 hips that underwent THA were included this study. The mean age was 64.5 years (range, 25-81 years) and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 23.0 kg/m(2) (18.1-32.3 kg/m(2))...
December 2015: Hip Pelvis
S Mays
OBJECTIVES: For archaeological populations of northwest European origin, the Trotter and Gleser () "White" equations are generally used to estimate stature from long-bone length. The aim of this research is to investigate the reliability of these formulae for this purpose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stature estimated using the Trotter and Gleser formulae was evaluated by comparing estimates with anatomically reconstructed stature in adult skeletons (N = 40) from Mediaeval England...
August 18, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
A-Bing Li, Wei-Jiang Zhang, Wei-Jun Guo, Xin-Hua Wang, Hai-Ming Jin, You-Ming Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intramedullary nailing is commonly used for treating femoral shaft fractures, one of the most common long bone fractures in adults. The reamed intramedullary nail is considered the standard implant for femoral fractures. This meta-analysis was performed to verify the superiority of reamed intramedullary nailing over unreamed intramedullary nailing in fractures of the femoral shaft in adults. Subgroup analysis of implant failure and secondary procedure was also performed...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Munnan Al-Najjim, Usman Khattak, Juluis Sim, Iain Chambers
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of early subsidence of uncemented femoral stems can be used to evaluate the likelihood of long term stem component loosening and therefore clinical failure. Our aim was to evaluate the factors associated with subsidence in collared and uncollared versions of the Corail femoral stem. METHODS: 121 hips in 113 consecutive patients were studied, operated on by two surgeons in our hospital differing in their choice of Corail stem. This gave two groups of patients with 66 hips having collared stems and 55 hips having uncollared...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Hidemi Kawaji, Takuya Uematsu, Ryosuke Oba, Yoshihiko Satake, Naoya Hoshikawa, Shinro Takai
INTRODUCTION: We usually use short femoral nails for the treatment of trochanteric fracture of the femur. In this retrospective study, we investigated and compared the clinical results of the conventional intramedullary hip screw (IMHS) and the Asian IMHS, which is a redesigned version of the former. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 42 patients; 21 treated with the Asian IMHS and 21 were treated with the conventional IMHS. From the clinical records, we retrospectively investigated the patients' age, sex, in-hospital waiting period for operation, operating time, intraoperative blood loss, walking ability before fracture and at discharge, and complication pertaining to the operation...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
C J McDougall, J Yu, K Calligeros, R Crawford, C R Howie
Revision of a cemented femoral stem can be a challenging procedure. We present a series of cases utilising the "In-cement" revision, whereby the same size stem is introduced into the original cement mantle, without additional cementing. It requires a stable cement mantle in the correct version. We describe the technique and present a review of 23 revision total hip replacements performed over a 5 year period. At average follow-up of 67 months (12-128 months), the overall survivorship was 91.3% with no patient requiring re-revision for stem loosening or mechanical failure...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Vahit Emre Ozden, Goksel Dikmen, Onder I Kilicoglu, Burak Beksac, Ismail Remzi Tozun
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term clinical and radiographic results, and possible reasons for failure of two versions of the cementless fibre-metal coated anatomical femoral component. METHODS: 99 patients (119 hips) were evaluated at an average of 16.7 years (range, 12 to 23 years) following primary THA. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) was the most common pathology (n = 37 hips). Structural femoral head autografts were used to increase cup coverage in 23 hips...
July 7, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Shun-Li Kan, Zhi-Fang Yuan, Yan Li, Jie Ai, Hong Xu, Jing-Cheng Sun, Shi-Qing Feng
Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is a serious problem for patients with rheumatic diseases requiring long-term glucocorticoid treatment. Alendronate, a bisphosphonate, has been recommended in the prevention of GIOP. However, the efficacy and safety of alendronate in preventing GIOP remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy and safety of alendronate in preventing GIOP in patients with rheumatic diseases.We retrieved randomized controlled trials from PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Peter D Fabricant, Wudbhav N Sankar, Mark A Seeley, Paul E Beaulé, John C Clohisy, Young-Jo Kim, Michael B Millis, Christopher L Peters, David A Podeszwa, Perry L Schoenecker, Rafael J Sierra, Ernest L Sink, Daniel J Sucato, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: It is generally believed that acetabular dysplasia (AD) is associated with increased hip range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between dysplasia severity and hip ROM in a large multicenter cohort. METHODS: A prospective registry of patients undergoing periacetabular osteotomy for symptomatic AD by 1 of 13 surgeons was used to analyze 1,051 patients (mean age, 26 ± 10 years). Multivariable linear regression modeling was used to investigate for associations between dysplasia severity (severe, <5°; moderate, 5° to 15°; mild, >15°), α angle, and hip ROM...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Stephanie W Mayer, João Caetano Munhoz Abdo, Mary K Hill, Lauryn A Kestel, Zhaoxing Pan, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) deformity has been associated with posterior hip instability in adult athletes. PURPOSE: To determine if FAI deformity is associated with posterior hip instability in adolescents, the femoral head-neck junction or acetabular structure in a cohort of adolescent patients who sustained a low-energy, sports-related posterior hip dislocation was compared with that in a group of healthy age- and sex-matched controls with no history of hip injury or pain...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Yi-Tsung Lin, James Shih-Shyn Wu, Jian-Horng Chen
An acetabular cup with larger abduction angles is able to affect the normal function of the cup seriously that may cause early failure of the total hip replacement (THR). Complexity of the finite element (FE) simulation in the wear analysis of the THR is usually concerned with the contact status, the computational effort, and the possible divergence of results, which become more difficult on THRs with larger cup abduction angles. In the study, we propose a FE approach with contact transformation that offers less computational effort...
July 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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