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Mental health, psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516854/mother-father-and-teacher-agreement-on-victimization-and-bullying-in-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#1
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Farhat Siddiqui, Raman Baweja, Daniel A Waschbusch, Richard E Mattison, Dara E Babinski
Bullying is a significant international problem, and parent-teacher agreement on identifying perpetrators and victims is poor in general population studies. The goal of our study is to assess informant discrepancies in children with mental health disorders. Parents and teachers completed the Pediatric Behavior Scale as part of a diagnostic evaluation for 1,723 children (ages 2-16 years) referred to a psychiatry clinic over the past 10 years. Mother and father bullying and victimization ratings on the Pediatric Behavior Scale were similar, but parent-teacher agreement was poor...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511581/the-ranzcp-guidelines-for-schizophrenia-why-is-our-practice-so-far-short-of-our-recommendations-and-what-can-we-do-about-it
#2
Olav Nielssen, Patrick McGorry, David Castle, Cherrie Galletly
The new RANZCP guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia and related disorders highlights what we know works. In this paper, we examine why patients so often fail to benefit from this knowledge and why clinical practice falls so far short of the recommended standard. Instead of the continuous improvement that we expect of health care in general, in psychiatry we face an accelerating decline in systems of care. There has been a sustained underinvestment in public mental health care and a shared failure by State and Federal governments to construct and commit to a governance and funding model that can deliver the standard of care that is available in other major non-communicable diseases, and which we know is equally possible for severe mental illness...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508656/-prevention-in-psychiatry
#3
Jiří Raboch
Mental disorders affect annually about one-fifth of the population and represent one of the biggest health burdens of the mankind in the 21st century. Despite great achievements of drug therapy, biological therapy and psychotherapeutic methods psychological problems in the present society are rather increasing. Therefore, attention also focuses on primary prevention of mental disorders, which is possible and effective.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506078/-my-husband-is-possessed-by-a-jinn-a-case-study-in-transcultural-mental-health
#4
Kylie Cheng
Objectives The objective of this study was to discuss jinn possession in Muslim culture, and the importance of understanding cultural differences in mental health. Conclusion It is important to understand cultural and religious differences in psychiatry, as it affects the way patients perceive and attribute symptoms. It also helps clinicians to reach an accurate diagnosis and provide appropriate treatments. Beliefs about jinn possession should not automatically be regarded as delusional. In alleged cases of jinn possession, clinicians should consider all the biopsychosocial, cultural and spiritual factors that are unique to the individual...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505323/the-perception-of-spiritual-health-differences-between-citizens-and-physicians-in-the-czech-republic
#5
Ivo Jirásek, Emanuel Hurych
This paper focuses on a phenomenon known as spiritual health. Although the scientific literature defines the concept of this health component (in relation to other dimensions, i.e. physical, mental and social health), there is no agreement concerning its relation to religiousness. The aim of this research is to find out the views of citizens (n = 1810) and physicians (n = 1200) in the Czech Republic on the potential dimension of health in its spiritual mode, and on the understanding of its content by those who acknowledge its existence...
May 15, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496365/prevalence-and-prognosis-of-stress-disorders-a-review-of-the-epidemiologic-literature
#6
REVIEW
Jaimie L Gradus
Given the ubiquity of traumatic events, it is not surprising that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - a common diagnosis following one of these experiences - is characterized as conferring a large burden for individuals and society. Although there is recognition of the importance of PTSD diagnoses throughout psychiatry, the literature on other diagnoses one may receive following a stressful or traumatic event is scant. This review summarizes the literature on stress disorders (classified according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition [ICD-10]), including acute stress reaction, PTSD, adjustment disorder and unspecified stress reactions...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492218/the-impact-of-religiosity-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-symptoms-in-chronic-mental-patients
#7
Martina Šimunović, Stanija Tokmakčija, Marko Pavlović, Romana Babić, Marina Vasilj, Marko Martinac, Ivan Vasilj, Dragan Babić
INTRODUCTION: In recent decades, there is more and more scientific research and evidence that religiosity has a positive impact on quality of life and mental health. The aim this study is to evaluate the impact of religiosity on the quality of life and psychological symptoms of chronic mental patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The test group was consisted of 100 chronic mental patients at the Clinic for Psychiatry UCH Mostar, and control group was consisted of 80 somatic patients surveyed from the Infirmary of family medicine of the Health Center Mostar...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480739/translation-and-purification-ayurvedic-psychiatry-allopathic-psychiatry-spirits-and-occult-violence-in-kerala-south-india
#8
Claudia Lang
In this paper, the author traces two parallel movements of institutionalized Ayurvedic psychiatry, an emergent field of specialization in Kerala, India: the 'work of purification' and the 'work of translation' that Latour has described as characteristic of the 'modern constitution.' The author delineates these processes in terms of the relationship of Ayurvedic psychiatry to (1) allopathic psychiatry, (2) bhutavidya, a branch of textual Ayurveda dealing with spirits, and (3) occult violence. The aim is to offer a model of these open and hidden processes and of Ayurvedic psychiatry's positioning within a hierarchical mental health field characterized simultaneously by biopsychiatric hegemony and a persistent vernacular healing tradition...
May 8, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479789/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-children-with-epilepsy-a-cross-sectional-5-years-rural-prevalence-study
#9
Ambrish Sanjay Dharmadhikari, Vinod Kumar Sinha
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders. In children, it has long debilitating course and is associated with comorbidities including psychiatric comorbidity. To tackle this burden of comorbidities, we must know the extent of problem. Hence, there is a need for estimation of prevalence of psychiatry disorder in children with epilepsy. AIM: The present study was aimed at measuring the prevalence of various psychiatry disorders among children suffering from epilepsy...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474997/availability-of-outpatient-mental-health-care-by-pediatricians-and-child-psychiatrists-in-five-u-s-cities
#10
Shireen Cama, Monica Malowney, Anna Jo Bodurtha Smith, Margaret Spottswood, Elisa Cheng, Louis Ostrowsky, Jose Rengifo, J Wesley Boyd
The authors sought to assess the availability of outpatient mental health care through pediatrician and child psychiatrist offices in the United States and to characterize differences in appointment availability by location, provider type, and insurance across five cities. To do so, the authors posed as parents of a 12-year-old child with depression, gave a predetermined insurance type, and asked to make the first available appointment with the specified provider. They called the offices of 601 individual pediatricians and 312 child psychiatrists located in five U...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474972/reaching-rural-ohio-with-intellectual-disability-psychiatry
#11
Julie P Gentile, Allison E Cowan, Beth Harper, Ryan Mast, Brian Merrill
Individuals with intellectual disability experience higher rates of mental illness when compared with the general population, and there is a lack of medical and mental health professionals in rural and under-served areas. With the increase in discharge of individuals from institutional settings back to their home communities into the least restrictive environments, there are more patients with complex needs being added to the schedules of physicians in the outpatient delivery care system. Patients with disabilities may not travel well or tolerate changes in routine so may not have access to psychiatry...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474493/identifying-the-clinical-needs-and-patterns-of-health-service-use-of-adolescent-girls-and-women-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Ami Tint, Jonathan A Weiss, Yona Lunsky
Girls and women in the general population present with a distinct profile of clinical needs and use more associated health services compared to boys and men; however, research focused on health service use patterns among girls and women with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is limited. In the current study, caregivers of 61 adolescent girls and women with ASD and 223 boys and men with ASD completed an online survey. Descriptive analyses were conducted to better understand the clinical needs and associated service use patterns of girls and women with ASD...
May 5, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471575/specific-ethical-codes-for-mental-health-care-professionals-do-we-need-to-annotate
#13
Tal Bergman-Levy, Oren Asman, Eyal Dahan, Binyamin Greenberg, Shmuel Hirshmann, Rael Strous
BACKGROUND: In Israel a general code of ethics exists for physicians, drafted by the Israel Medical Association. The question arises whether psychiatrists require a separate set of ethical guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To examine the positions of Israeli psychiatrists with regard to ethics in general and professional ethics in particular, and to explore opinions regarding a code of ethics or ethical guidelines for psychiatry.  Methods: A specially designed questionnaire was compiled and completed by psychiatrists recruited for the study...
August 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468026/psychiatry-and-religion-opponents-or-collaborators-the-power-of-spirituality-in-contemporary-psychiatry
#14
Miro Jakovljević
Religion and psychiatry have had complicated, sometimes neutral or friendly and cooperative, sometimes competitive and antagonistic relations over their long histories. Relations between psychiatry and religion are influenced by complex belief systems, each diverse and changing. Psychiatry has often ignored spiritual and religious dimension in health and illness while religions influenced the treatment of mental disorders directly by defining mental disorders as evil spirit possessions and prescribing exorcism as treatment...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#15
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462590/psychopathology-of-adolescents-with-an-intellectual-disability-who-present-to-general-hospital-services
#16
Oreste Theodoratos, Lyn McPherson, Catherine Franklin, Bruce Tonge, Stewart Einfeld, Nicholas Lennox, Robert S Ware
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with intellectual disability have increased rates of psychopathology compared with their typically developing peers and present to hospital more frequently for ambulant conditions. The aim of this study is to describe the psychopathology and related characteristics of a sample of adolescents with intellectual disability who presented to general hospital services. METHOD: We investigated a cohort of adolescents with intellectual disability in South East Queensland, Australia between January 2006 and June 2010...
April 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#17
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455893/the-attitudes-of-psychiatrists-toward-people-suffering-from-mental-illnesses
#18
Artur Kochański, Andrzej Cechnicki
OBJECTIVES: Stigmatizing convictions, emotions and behaviors toward the mentally ill have impact on the social distance and more acute course of the illness. Research shows that the sufferers are the object of stigmatization also by representatives of medical professionals, including psychiatrists. The aim of the study was to examine the opinions of Polish psychiatrists regarding the mentally ill and to compare them with similar studies in the general population. METHODS: Polish psychiatrists were the investigated group...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455596/clinical-decision-support-systems-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Roman Koposov, Sturla Fossum, Thomas Frodl, Øystein Nytrø, Bennett Leventhal, Andre Sourander, Silvana Quaglini, Massimo Molteni, María de la Iglesia Vayá, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Nicola Barbarini, Michael Peter Milham, Francisco Xavier Castellanos, Norbert Skokauskas
Psychiatric disorders are amongst the most prevalent and impairing conditions in childhood and adolescence. Unfortunately, it is well known that general practitioners (GPs) and other frontline health providers (i.e., child protection workers, public health nurses, and pediatricians) are not adequately trained to address these ubiquitous problems (Braddick et al. Child and Adolescent mental health in Europe: infrastructures, policy and programmes, European Communities, 2009; Levav et al. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13:395-401, 2004)...
April 28, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446040/characteristics-of-socially-withdrawn-youth-in-france-a-retrospective-study
#20
Nicolas Chauliac, Audrey Couillet, Sophie Faivre, Nassima Brochard, Jean-Louis Terra
BACKGROUND: Poor social interactions have been recognized as a symptom since the beginnings of psychiatry. As far as socially withdrawn youth (SWY) are concerned, studies were mostly conducted on patients seeking care. Our psychiatric outreach team called Psymobile was able to reach SWY patients who were not seeking mental health care. AIMS: To identify the clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of SWY patients referred to our Psymobile unit. METHOD: We carried out a retrospective study on the records of patients aged 18-34 years, who were referred to Psymobile for 'withdrawal', between April 2012 and December 2015...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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