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Mental health, psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723956/psychosis-risk-research-versus-daily-prognosis-uncertainties-a-qualitative-study-of-french-youth-psychiatrists-attitudes-toward-predictive-practices
#1
Laelia Benoit, Marie Rose Moro, Bruno Falissard, Nicolas Henckes
BACKGROUND: Over the last twenty years, predicting psychosis has become a priority of both research and policies. Those approaches include the use of the At Risk Mental State category (ARMS) and of standardized predictive tools. In comparison to most developed countries, early interventions programs are only little developed in France. However, cases of young patients presenting unclear symptoms that might be a beginning psychosis or might as well reflect some adolescent unease are commonplace in psychiatry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720635/increased-public-accountability-for-hospital-nonprofit-status-potential-impacts-on-residency-positions
#2
Melanie C Raffoul, Robert L Phillips
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recently called for greater graduate medical education (GME) accountability for meeting the workforce needs of the nation. The Affordable Care Act expanded community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for nonprofit and tax-exempt hospitals to include community assessment, intervention, and evaluation every 3 years but did not specify details about workforce. Texas receives relatively little federal GME funding but has used Medicaid waivers to support GME expansion...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708357/-mentalizing-in-liaison-psychiatry
#3
Paco Prada, Pierre Cole, Guido Bondolfi, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
In the past few years, there has been an increased and widespread interest for Mentalization-Based Therapies (MBTs). Although originally developed by Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy for the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), the scope of MBTs has now been broadened and is relevant in liaison psychiatry, not only to cope with personality disorders or phenomena such as emotional dysregulation and suicidal behaviours, but also because being ill and expericencieng a dependency-laden relationship with health workers tend to reduce mentalization capacities, thereby increasing the probability of misunderstandings, conflicts, treatment drop-outs or medical errors...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703264/-simple-is-not-always-easy-genetics-in-general-psychiatry
#4
W M A Verhoeven, J I M Egger, T Kleefstra, N de Leeuw
Many of the patients who attend the outpatient mental health clinics already have a long history of psychiatric problems. Their symptoms seem easy to classify, but the misdiagnosis of the patients' underlying problems can lead to a long series of costly referrals as inpatients or to an ineffective treatment outcome. In this article we focus on three patients whose history and background circumstances had been analysed in detail and who had also been subjected to a genetic analysis. The analyses pointed to an etiology-based diagnosis which had important implications for their future treatment and its outcome...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703263/-high-and-intensive-care-three-years-later-an-evaluation-of-the-experiences-of-patients-and-employees-and-the-effect-on-coercive-measures-in-psychiatry
#5
J J P A Bierbooms, C A G Lorenz-Artz, E Pols, I M B Bongers
BACKGROUND: As part of the national campaign against the use of coercive measures in psychiatry, the Mental Health Service in Eindhoven set up the first modern high and intensive care centre (HIC) in Eindhoven in 2012. AIM: To study the progress of the numbers on coercive measures, and to evaluate the experiences of patients and treatment team members after working for three years according to the HIC model. METHOD: We analysed the registration data, carried out a short survey and conducted interviews...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#6
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699776/divided-we-fall-clinicians-and-academic-psychiatrists-need-to-stand-together
#7
Stephen Allison, Tarun Bastiampillai, Malcolm Battersby
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry faces urgent problems requiring united action. These problems affect academic psychiatrists in the universities, and clinicians in publicly funded mental health services. Academic units are isolated and endangered, finding it difficult to recruit. They could benefit from closer relationships with public mental health services, in terms of recruitment, shared teaching and clinical research. However, mental health services are preoccupied with their own problems, particularly in relation to acute clinical demand...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#8
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686558/-psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece-comparative-analysis-of-educational-programs-2000-vs-2014
#9
M Margariti, Ch Papageorgiou
Modern educational programs for specialization in psychiatry should follow the developments in psychiatric science, both in the part of acquired knowledge about mental disorders and their treatment, as well as in the part of clinical practice in the diverse spectrum of modern psychiatric services. In Greece, the institutional framework for psychiatric training during specialization has yet to modernize and conform to European standards. For the moment, it is covered by a 1994 Presidential Decree, which briefly describes the time of specialization in psychiatry and the duration of clinical practice in the relevant educational subjects...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#10
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686478/impact-of-medical-comorbidity-in-psychiatric-inpatient-length-of-stay
#11
Nuno Rodrigues-Silva, Lúcia Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Medical comorbidity is associated with worse psychiatric outcomes, reduced functioning and higher services use, including inpatient psychiatric care. AIM: We explored the relation between medical comorbidity and length of stay, adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed an administrative database comprising all inpatient admissions between 2005 and 2014 at the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health at Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho Healthcare Center, Vila Nova de Gaia - Portugal...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683225/book-review-extraordinary-science-and-psychiatry-responses-to-the-crisis-in-mental-health-research-extraordinary-science-and-psychiatry-responses-to-the-crisis-in-mental-health-research-poland-j-tekin-s-editors-cambridge-ma-mit-press-2017-327-p-us-50-cloth
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678453/-suicide-and-mental-institutions-the-lausanne-example
#13
Jean-Michel Kaision, Jacques Gasser
Suicide in the mental hospital is first a human tragedy that affects the patients' families and relatives but also touches all medical staff involved. As for suicide prevention, it is a key issue of public health, and the canton of Vaud has made it a top priority of his mental health policy. We will present some epidemiologic data general of suicide and some specific elements to our institution, the Psychiatry Department of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (DP-CHUV). Then we will show how our institution addresses the issue of suicide prevention through the analysis of so-called « adverse clinical events » and the systematic training of its caregivers...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675195/how-to-deal-with-violent-and-aggressive-patients-in-acute-medical-settings
#14
R H Harwood
Dealing with violence and aggression is an area where health professionals often feel uncertain. Standing at the interface between medicine, psychiatry and law, the best actions may not be clear, and guidelines neither consistently applicable nor explicit. An aggressive, violent or abusive patient may be behaving anti-socially or criminally. But in acute medical settings it is more likely that a medical, mental health or emotional problem, or some combination thereof, is the explanation and usually we will not know the relative contribution of each element...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670121/relapse-and-hospitalization-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-at-the-st-amanuel-mental-specialized-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-comparative-quantitative-cross-sectional-study
#15
Getnet Ayano, Bereket Duko
BACKGROUND: Relapse and hospital admission are common among, and carry a heavy burden in, patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of relapse and hospitalizations in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder at the St Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A hospital-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2016. Systematic random sampling technique was used to recruit 521 (260 schizophrenia cases and 261 bipolar disorder cases) study participants...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657250/hearing-voices-lessons-from-the-history-of-psychiatry-in-ireland
#16
B D Kelly
The history of psychiatry is a history of therapeutic enthusiasm, with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that such enthusiasm brings. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Ireland-s public asylums were routinely overcrowded, unhygienic and, quite commonly, fatal. The asylums became all-too-convenient options for a society with an apparently insatiable hunger for institutions, incarceration and control. The emergence of clinical professionals, both medical and nursing, was inevitably a factor in this complex mix, but the effects of any search for professional prestige were dwarfed by asylum doctors' clear outrage at what the asylum system became...
March 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657187/an-insight-into-the-deep-web-why-it-matters-for-addiction-psychiatry
#17
Laura Orsolini, Duccio Papanti, John Corkery, Fabrizio Schifano
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the web is rapidly spreading, playing a significant role in the marketing or sale or distribution of "quasi" legal drugs, hence facilitating continuous changes in drug scenarios. The easily renewable and anarchic online drug-market is gradually transforming indeed the drug market itself, from a "street" to a "virtual" one, with customers being able to shop with a relative anonymity in a 24-hr marketplace. The hidden "deep web" is facilitating this phenomenon. The paper aims at providing an overview to mental health's and addiction's professionals on current knowledge about prodrug activities on the deep web...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653549/sociodemographic-and-clinical-profiles-of-homeless-mentally-ill-admitted-in-mental-health-institute-of-south-india-know-the-unknown-project
#18
Guru S Gowda, G Gopika, Narayana Manjunatha, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Ravi Yadav, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: A significant number of homeless mentally ill (HMI) patients without any personal, family or other identification details represent a unique problem in the psychiatric services of developing countries like India in the context of legal, humanitarian and treatment issues. These patients pose challenge to the mental health professional in diagnosis and management. AIMS: To study the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of HMI patients admitted under psychiatry...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652034/adolescent-mental-health-reasons-to-be-cheerful
#19
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648092/collaborative-and-indigenous-mental-health-therapy-tataihono-stories-of-maori-healing-psychiatry
#20
Wiremu NiaNia, Allister Bush, David Epston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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