Read by QxMD icon Read

Mental health, psychiatry

Danica Petrovic, Milan Perovic, Biljana Lazovic, Igor Pantic
Relationship between physical activity and mental disorders in late pregnancy is unclear. In this work, we demonstrate that there is a significant association between the time spent on walking and symptoms of depression and anxiety in antenatal period. The cross-sectional study was done on a sample of 200 healthy women in 9th month of physiological pregnancy at Health center Kraljevo, Serbia during 2015. Each participant was given a questionnaire consisting of general questions regarding physical activity, pregnancy, and other parameters...
October 8, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Moshe Kotler, Terry Krupa
People with mental health conditions (MHCs) frequently experience participation and functional restrictions. Today, hospitals still serve a significant number of people with MHCs. However, there is little evidence for occupation-oriented interventions to support participation, health, and well-being in these hospital settings. This article describes a newly developed, short-term, structured intervention for the inpatient setting, Occupational Connections (OC), that focuses on promoting everyday functions and participation in daily life and presents preliminary findings for its effectiveness...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Soteri Polydorou, Stephen Ross, Peter Coleman, Laura Duncan, Nichole Roxas, Anil Thomas, Sonia Mendoza, Helena Hansen
OBJECTIVES: This report identifies the institutional barriers to, and benefits of, buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) integration in an established hospital-based opioid treatment program (OTP). METHODS: This case study presents the authors' experiences at the clinic, hospital, and corporation levels during efforts to integrate BMT into a hospital-based OTP in New York City and a descriptive quantitative analysis of the characteristics of hospital outpatients treated with buprenorphine from 2006 to 2013 (N=735)...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Dilip V Jeste, Dan G Blazer, Kathleen C Buckwalter, Keri-Leigh K Cassidy, Len Fishman, Lisa P Gwyther, Saul M Levin, Christopher Phillipson, Ramesh R Rao, Ellen Schmeding, William A Vega, Julie A Avanzino, Danielle K Glorioso, John Feather
Older adults consistently prefer aging in place, which requires a high level of community support and services that are currently lacking. With a rapidly aging population, the present infrastructure for healthcare will prove even more inadequate to meet seniors' physical and mental health needs. A paradigm shift away from the sole focus on delivery of interventions at an individual level to more prevention-focused, community-based approaches will become essential. Recent initiatives have been proposed to promote healthy lifestyles and preventive care to enable older adults to age in place...
July 28, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Vidir Sigrunarson, Inger Elise Opheim Moljord, Aslak Steinsbekk, Lasse Eriksen, Gunnar Morken
BACKGROUND: There has been a call for increased patient autonomy and participation in psychiatry. Some Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) have implemented services called 'self-referral to inpatient treatment' (SRIT) for patients with severe mental disorders. AIMS: To investigate whether SRIT could yield better outcomes after 12 months in use of mental health services for people with severe mental disorders than Treatment As Usual (TAU). METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial at a CMHC in Norway comparing SRIT and TAU in 12 months...
October 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Seval Birdal, Burak Doğangün
AIM: Enuresis is defined as involuntary or intentional repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for a period of three consecutive months in children older than five years old. It is one of the most frequent chronic childhood disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of behavioural problems in children with enuresis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research compared 30 children aged between 7 and 11 years who had consulted to Bakırköy Prof...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Jisha Myalil Lucca, Madhan Ramesh, Gurumurthy Parthasarathi, Dushad Ram
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: Psychotropic drugs are associated with significant short-term and long-term safety issues which may affect patients' mental health, physical health and cost of care. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS: This was a prospective study conducted in psychiatry department of a tertiary care hospital. Study included patients of any age and either sex who presented with psychiatric illness as diagnosed by ICD-10 and were receiving at least one psychotropic agent. The study involved both intensive and spontaneous reporting methods to identify ADRs...
March 1, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
M Kölch, P L Plener
Pharmacotherapeutic interventions are available for most psychiatric disorders in children. Evidence for these interventions varies, depending on the targeted disorders. For attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, a sound database on efficacy and safety of medication exists. For other common disorders or psychopathological phenomena like disruptive behavior, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, or autism, data on efficacy and safety are much scarcer. This selective review aims to provide an overview about current psychopharmacological interventions in child and adolescent psychiatry...
October 13, 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
Tilman Steinert, Andreas Heinz, Felix Hohl-Radke, Manfred Koller, Jürgen Müller, Sabine Müller, Martin Zinkler
The term of a "considerable damage to one's health" is central in German guardianship law with respect to judge's decisions on involuntary commitment and coercive treatment. A legal definition has not been provided, and up to now no explanations from the part of medicine have been available what a "considerable damage to one's health" is in the case of mental illness and how it can be determined. A consensus paper of the German Association of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN) explains four possible scenarios of manifestation of such kind of damage, corresponding to somatic illnesses: evidence of structural brain lesions (rare), subjective suffering (sufficient, but not necessary), impairment of functioning in important areas of life, and severe impairment of social participation (e...
October 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Maurice Lipsedge, Jim P Watson
The 1960s was a period of reform and innovation in the provision of care for people with mental health problems. The most important development was the move away from residential institutions and the development of community services based on district general hospitals.
October 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Anat Freund, Tova Band-Winterstein
Community is a complex issue, especially in two particular populations overlap: Haredi society, which embraces cultural codes common to closed communities, and the mental health population characterized by its own unique needs. The present study explores the encounter experience of social workers with the cultural perceptions of mental health clients in the Haredi community in light of Community Cultural Psychiatry. A qualitative-phenomenological approach was adopted. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 social workers, mental health professionals, who are in contact with ultra-Orthodox Jewish clients...
October 8, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Ayşen Esen Danacı, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Orkun Aydın, Cengiz Cengisiz, A Burak Uykur
OBJECTIVE: It has been widely acknowledged that the community and health professionals hold negative attitudes toward patients with impaired mental health. This constitutes a majör obstacle for those patients in coping with their disease, managing their care, and hence regulating their lives. Although studies carried out in Turkey document the presence of stigma, they provide limited information about the ways for solving this problem. Drawing on the litrature, the present study investigated the effect of medical education on stigmatization...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
S Halder, A K Mahato
INTRODUCTION: Suicide has become an important public health concern with a high number of deaths and increasing number of attempted suicides every year. There are multiple factors that underlie a suicide attempt. Although mental illness and severe stress have long been known to be associated with suicide, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of those attempting suicide can also provide indications of suicidal intent. The present study aimed to explore the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients in Kolkata, India who attempted suicide...
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
Robert H Howland
Methylene blue was the first synthetic drug ever used in medicine, having been used to treat clinical pain syndromes, malaria, and psychotic disorders more than one century ago. Methylene blue is a cationic thiazine dye with redox-cycling properties and a selective affinity for the nervous system. This drug also inhibits the activity of monoamine oxidase, nitric oxide synthase, and guanylyl cyclase, as well as tau protein aggregation; increases the release of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and norepinephrine; reduces amyloid-beta levels; and increases cholinergic transmission...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Stephanie L Schnorr, Harriet A Bachner
Over the past decade, research has shown that diet and gut health affects symptoms expressed in stress related disorders, depression, and anxiety through changes in the gut microbiota. Psycho-behavioral function and somatic health interaction have often been ignored in health care with resulting deficits in treatment quality and outcomes. While mental health care requires the professional training in counseling, psychotherapy and psychiatry, complimentary therapeutic strategies, such as attention to a nutritional and diverse diet and supplementation of probiotic foods, may be integrated alongside psychotherapy treatment models...
September 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Tilman Steinert
The author discusses a pragmatic approach to decisions about coercive treatment that is based on four principles from principle-based ethics: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. This approach can reconcile psychiatry's perspective with the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities. Coercive treatment can be justified only when a patient's capacity to consent is substantially impaired and severe danger to health or life cannot be prevented by less intrusive means...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Joerg M Fegert, Benedetto Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Javier Bartolomei, Rachel Baeriswyl-Cottin, David Framorando, Filip Kasina, Natacha Premand, Ariel Eytan, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the opinion of primary care workers, social workers, translators and mental health caregivers who work with asylum seekers about the latter's unmet needs and barriers to access to mental healthcare. METHODS: We used a Likert scale to assess the opinion of 135 primary care workers (general practitioners, nurses, social workers and translators) and mental health caregivers about the proportion of asylum seekers with psychiatric disorders, their priority needs and their main barriers to mental health services...
September 29, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"