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Mental health, psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919609/psychiatric-disorders-in-drop-out-from-educational-attainment-attending-mental-health-facilities-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#1
M S Islam, M H Rashid, M N Uddin, R K Singha, M A Rahman, M A Haque, C K Saha, M F Abedin
Studies of the impact of mental disorders on educational attainment are rare. Mental disorders, those beginning in childhood or adolescence may increase the risk of early drop out from education. The latter has been shown to have adverse life-course consequences on individuals such as greater demand on social welfare entitlements. A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out at the department of Psychiatry, Comilla Medical College, Comilla, Bangladesh. All cases were selected from patients attending at Comilla Medical College Hospital and Private Mental Health Facilities in Comilla City from March 2015 to February 2016...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#2
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#3
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916005/massachusetts-child-psychiatry-access-project-2-0-a-case-study-in-child-psychiatry-access-program-redesign
#4
REVIEW
Barry D Sarvet, Marcy Ravech, John H Straus
The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program is a statewide public mental health initiative designed to provide consultation, care navigation, and education to assist pediatric primary care providers in addressing mental health problems for children and families. To improve program performance, adapt to changes in the environment of pediatric primary care services, and ensure the program's long-term sustainability, program leadership in consultation with the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health embarked on a process of redesign...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#5
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912008/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-relationship-with-depressive-symptoms-anxiety-and-well-being-in-adults
#6
Catherine M Phillips, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Ivan J Perry
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between diet, inflammation and mental health is of increasing interest. However, limited data regarding the role of dietary inflammatory potential in this context exist. Therefore the aim of this work was to examine associations between the inflammatory potential of habitual diet and mental health outcomes in a cross-sectional sample of 2047 adults (50.8% female). METHODS: Diet was assessed using a self-completed food frequency questionnaire from which dietary inflammatory index (DII(®)) scores were determined...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901871/citizenship-and-learning-disabled-people-the-mental-health-charity-mind-s-1970s-campaign-in-historical%C3%A2-context
#7
Jonathan Toms
Current policy and practice directed towards people with learning disabilities originates in the deinstitutionalisation processes, civil rights concerns and integrationist philosophies of the 1970s and 1980s. However, historians know little about the specific contexts within which these were mobilised. Although it is rarely acknowledged in the secondary literature, MIND was prominent in campaigning for rights-based services for learning disabled people during this time. This article sets MIND's campaign within the wider historical context of the organisation's origins as a main institution of the inter-war mental hygiene movement...
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898147/how-to-improve-psychiatric-services-a-perspective-from-critical-psychiatry
#8
Prasanna de Silva
Concern has been expressed from both within and outwith psychiatry about the relative lack of improvement of mental health services. Critical psychiatry is an emerging school of thought, mainly the product of practicing clinicians, which could be useful in remedying this situation. This article outlines, for psychiatrists and doctors of other specialities, practices which could be improved, and the competencies required to achieve this, in terms of knowledge, skills and attitudes.
September 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891393/improving-ambulatory-care-resident-training-preparing-for-opportunities-to-treat-mental-illness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#9
Nada M Farhat, Jolene R Bostwick, Stuart D Rockafellow
PURPOSE: The development of an outpatient psychiatry clinical practice learning experience for PGY2 ambulatory care pharmacy residents in preparation for the treatment of psychiatric disorders in the primary care setting is described. SUMMARY: With the increased prevalence of psychiatric disorders, significant mortality, and limited access to care, integration of mental health treatment into the primary care setting is necessary to improve patient outcomes. Given the majority of mental health treatment occurs in the primary care setting, pharmacists in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) are in a unique position with direct access to patients to effectively manage these illnesses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890233/-what-would-you-do-when-faced-with-a-muslim-patient-with-a-conversational-disorder
#10
A Martínez Gandolfi, J Rodríguez Mir
The purpose of this work is to present the approach to mental disorders in Moroccan patients from a sociocultural perspective. The anthropology of health and ethno-psychiatry will allow us to analyze the concepts of health and disease. From the Moroccan cosmovision we will analyze the alternative treatments and their association with other therapeutic models.
September 7, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888920/comprehensive-integrated-care-model-to-improve-maternal-mental-health
#11
Elizabeth Q Cox, Christena Raines, Mary Kimmel, Erin Richardson, Alison Stuebe, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
In this article, we describe an integrated care model in a perinatal psychiatry program to improve access to care for women who have mood changes during the perinatal period. A nurse-practitioner trained in psychiatry and obstetrics is embedded in the obstetric clinic, and perinatal nurses, often the first professionals to recognize women who are experiencing mood changes, can easily refer women for follow-up. Barriers, lessons learned, and goals for implementation are described.
September 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886833/-linking-up-medico-social-care-and-psychiatry-for-adolescents-with-an-intellectual-disability
#12
Carole Pennaneach
The medical-educational institute in Quimperlé caters for teenagers aged between 13 and 16. While its missions are centred on the construction of a project and the provision of on-going and effective support for the young users, there are sometimes major difficulties relating to the links to be established with psychiatry. Young people with mental health conditions require shared and collective care. Three clinical cases reflect the successes and failures of this cross-disciplinary approach.
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886832/-towards-a-partnership-based-care-approach-to-adolescence
#13
Marlène Vilaplana, Caroline Blond, Geoffrey Ardoin, Francis Moreau, Laurent Defromont, Sidonie Lips
The transition from child psychiatry to adult psychiatry is difficult. The need to reinforce this 'bridge' between the services is clear. A system focused on the assessment and orientation of adolescents, set up a year ago by Lille-Métropole public mental health service, aims to favour collaboration on a local level between the different players from the social, medical and educational sector working with young people aged between 12 and 21 in order to facilitate this transition.
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886830/-an-overview-of-transition-from-child-to-adult-psychiatry
#14
Jacob Dhôte, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
The transition from child to adult psychiatry is a fundamental stage in an individual's development and in the care pathway of teenagers with mental health problems. The organisation of adult care is very different from that provided to children. There is often a lack of support provided to patients as they make the transition between these two systems, despite it being essential. Local initiatives must be developed to rethink this particularly vulnerable period.
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886752/protocol-for-the-management-of-psychiatric-patients-with-psychomotor-agitation
#15
Eduard Vieta, Marina Garriga, Laura Cardete, Miquel Bernardo, María Lombraña, Jordi Blanch, Rosa Catalán, Mireia Vázquez, Victòria Soler, Noélia Ortuño, Anabel Martínez-Arán
BACKGROUND: Psychomotor agitation (PMA) is a state of motor restlessness and mental tension that requires prompt recognition, appropriate assessment and management to minimize anxiety for the patient and reduce the risk for escalation to aggression and violence. Standardized and applicable protocols and algorithms can assist healthcare providers to identify patients at risk of PMA, achieve timely diagnosis and implement minimally invasive management strategies to ensure patient and staff safety and resolution of the episode...
September 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883748/the-predictive-effect-of-medical-illnesses-for-mental-health-care-in-adolescence-a-register-based-study
#16
Max Karukivi, Kirsi-Maria Haapasalo-Pesu
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a developmentally sensitive stage, during which a medical illness may have an effect on individual development, and vice versa. Chronic medical illnesses in adolescents have been associated with psychiatric symptoms. The aim of the present register-based pilot study was to assess whether, and to what extent, different medical diagnoses predict subsequent use of mental health services among adolescents. METHODS: The study material comprised data on visits to a pediatric clinic by 12- to 16-year-old adolescent patients over a period of 5 years...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882194/gps-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-specialists-experiences-of-joint-consultations-in-the-gp-s-office-a-qualitative-study
#17
Tori Guldahl Seierstad, Mette Brekke, Ingun Toftemo, Ole Rikard Haavet
BACKGROUND: The study is an exploration of a joint consultation model, a collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Lillehammer, Norway. METHODS: A qualitative study based on two focus group interviews, one with participating GPs and one with participating specialists from the local CAMHS. Participants were five GPs, with work experience varying from 6 months to 20 years (four of them specialists in general medicine) and two CAMHS specialists-a psychiatrist and a psychologist-both with more than 20 years of experience...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880356/-diagnostics-of-attachment-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#18
M J van Hoof
Growing concern about how the neglect and abuse of children can be tackled and prevented has led to increased interest in the parent-child relationship and the concept of attachment. It is vitally important that the diagnostics relating to attachment are accurate. One of the main problems is that up till now the parent-child relationship has not been assessed and analysed in accordance with reliable, unambiguous standards.<br/> AIM: To search the literature in order to identify the prerequisites for reliable diagnostics of attachment...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880346/-rom-for-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-outcomes-on-the-honos-65-in-various-diagnostic-groups
#19
M L M Hermens, M A Nugter, N Mooij, A W Hoogendoorn, G E van Son, S Robbers, M M van Bueren, A T F Beekman, J Theunissen
Routine outcome monitoring (rom) provides us with opportunities to study treatment outcome in daily clinical practice and to learn from the results.<br/> AIM: To assess the changes that occur in the psychological and social functioning of patients in geriatric psychiatry who are suffering from substance dependence, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, psychotic disorder, or personality disorder.<br/> METHOD: We analysed data relating to 1,810 patients (aged 60-101) from nine mental health care organisations that together form SynQuest cv...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875484/women-s-auto-biography-and-dissociative-identity-disorder-implications-for-mental-health-practice
#20
Kendal Tomlinson, Charley Baker
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is an uncommon disorder that has long been associated with exposure to traumatic stressors exceeding manageable levels commonly encompassing physical, psychological and sexual abuse in childhood that is prolonged and severe in nature. In DID, dissociation continues after the traumatic experience and produces a disruption in identity where distinct personality states develop. These personalities are accompanied by variations in behaviour, emotions, memory, perception and cognition...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
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