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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754706/ethics-committees-and-mental-health
#1
Carlos Enrique Yepes Delgado, Andrea Ocampo Montoya
Although research processes are covered by the objectivity of science, they are still influenced by the interests of those who conduct them. This is why high level committees have been tasked with defining the scope of the studies and performing a thorough assessment of them, since these imply great dilemmas. This premise leads to the emergence of Ethics Committees, where liaison psychiatry has an important place due to its communication abilities and knowledge of the human behavior. This paper attempts to provide some observations to take into account when discussing the link between ethics and mental health...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751218/coping-strategies-of-caregivers-towards-aggressive-behaviors-of-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
Neethu Bhaskaran Madathumkovilakath, Sindhu Kizhakkeppattu, Saleem Thekekunnath, Firoz Kazhungil
Aggression is one of the chief determinants of caregiver burden in severe mental illnesses. Clinical and treatment implications of aggression in mental illness are predominantly studied in perspectives of mental health care professionals. Coping style of caregivers towards aggression of persons with mental illness is understudied. So we studied coping strategies used by caregivers of patients with severe mental illness towards aggressive behaviors of patients and relationship between aggressive behavior and coping strategies...
April 24, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#3
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736130/applicability-evaluation-of-simplified-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#4
Li Zhang, Zhipei Zhu, Fang Fang, Yuan Shen, Na Liu, Chunbo Li
Background: We have developed a structured cognitive behavioral therapy manual for anxiety disorder in China, and the present study evaluated the applicability of simplified cognitive behavioral therapy based on our previous research. Aims: To evaluate the applicability of simplified cognitive behavioral therapy (SCBT) on generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) by conducting a multi-center controlled clinical trial. Methods: A multi-center controlled clinical trial of SCBT was conducted on patients with GAD, including institutions specializing in mental health and psychiatry units in general hospitals...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734057/institutionalised-otherness-patients-references-to-psychiatric-diagnostic-categories
#5
Elina Weiste, Anssi Peräkylä, Taina Valkeapää, Enikö Savander, Jukka Hintikka
Diagnosis is integral part of the way medicine organises illness: it is important for identifying treatment options, predicting outcomes and providing an explanatory framework for clinicians. Previous research has shown that during a medical visit not only the clinician but also patients provide explanations for the causes of their symptoms and health problems. Patients' lifeworld explanations are often differentiated from the diagnostic explanations provided by clinicians. However, while previous conversation analytic research has elaborated the ways in which diagnostic and lifeworld explanations are interactionally structured in somatic medicine, there is little research on how these explanations are organised in psychiatry...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730870/effects-of-gender-reassignment-on-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-people-with-gender-dysphoria
#6
Berna Özata Yıldızhan, Şahika Yüksel, Mirella Avayu, Handan Noyan, Eren Yıldızhan
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the life style, family and social relationships (social adaptation) and the quality of life in people with gender dysphoria with and without history of sex reassignment surgery. METHOD: Twenty  individuals (SR group) who were earlier followed   in Istanbul University Psychiatry Department Psychoneurosis and Psychotherapy Unit with gender dysphoria diagnosis in  order  to  have confirmative reports for the sex reassignment (SR) surgery were interviewed at least one year after the surgery...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717479/improving-socio-emotional-health-for-pupils-in-early-secondary-education-with-pyramid-a-school-based-early-intervention-model
#7
Michelle Jayman, Maddie Ohl, Bronach Hughes, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Policymakers are focusing increased attention on the role of schools to promote and support children's mental health, and evidence-based models of good practice are in demand. Pyramid Club is a school-based, socio-emotional intervention, demonstrably effective with primary-aged pupils. AIMS: This study extends previous Pyramid Club evaluations by examining effectiveness with pupils in early secondary education; service users' perceptions and experiences were investigated to increase understanding of Pyramid's impact, thus supporting enhanced practice...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716665/cognitive-remediation-in-large-systems-of-psychiatric-care
#8
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Matthew D Erlich, Lloyd I Sederer
IntroductionWith the increasing enthusiasm to provide cognitive remediation (CR) as an evidence-based practice, questions arise as to what is involved in implementing CR in a large system of care. This article describes the first statewide implementation of CR in the USA, with the goal of documenting the implementation issues that care providers are likely to face when bringing CR services to their patients. METHODS: In 2014, the New York State Office of Mental Health set up a Cognitive Health Service that could be implemented throughout the state-operated system of care...
May 2, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708023/textbook-descriptions-of-people-with-psychosis-some-ethical-aspects
#9
Terje Emil Fredwall, Inger Beate Larsen
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are central for the education of professionals in the health field and a resource for practitioners already in the field. OBJECTIVES: This article focuses on how 12 textbooks in psychiatric nursing and psychiatry, published in Norway between 1877 and 2012, describe and present people with psychosis. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used qualitative content analysis. Ethical considerations: The topic is published textbooks, made available to be read by students, teachers and professionals, and no ethical approval was required...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704421/functioning-of-the-various-forms-of-mental-health-care-in-poland-in-the-years-2010-2013-organizational-economic-and-financial-aspects
#10
Mira Lisiecka-Biełanowicz, Daria Biechowska, Dorota Cianciara
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was to verify the hypothesis about the high growth rate of expenditure on the provision of mental health in the past few years. High dynamics of the expenditure increase will result in the development of a model of community psychiatry and a gradual move away from the hospital psychiatric treatment towards mental health care in the open system, including the community one. METHODS: This research is based on data on the implementation of services for mental health care in the framework of agreements with the National Health Fund, which has been collected in the NFZ IT system...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702377/severity-of-mental-health-concerns-in-pediatric-primary-care-and-the-role-of-child-psychiatry-access-programs
#11
Rheanna Platt, Sean Pustilnik, Elizabeth Connors, Nicole Gloff, Kelly Bower
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical severity of patients for whom Primary Care Providers (PCPs) requested consultation from Maryland's Child Psychiatry Access Program (CPAP), and examine the proportion and associated characteristics of severe cases being managed alone by PCPs versus co-managed with mental health specialists. METHODS: Data were collected for 872 cases based on calls received between October 2012 and December 2016. Severity was measured by consultant-assigned Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) score...
February 24, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701626/moral-distress-md-and-burnout-in-mental-health-nurses-a-multicenter-survey
#12
Fabiana Delfrate, Paolo Ferrara, Daniela Spotti, Stefano Terzoni, Giulia Lamiani, Eleonora Canciani, Loris Bonetti
INTRODUCTION: Moral Distress (MD) is a common experience among nurses and if it is not recognised and treated, it may lead to serious consequences on nurses' health and quality of care. MD has been studied in several healthcare contexts. However, there are only few studies on MD in psychiatry and in Italy there are no data in this field.  Objective: To assess the presence of MD among mental health nurses in Italy and verify whether there is a relationship between MD and burnout. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre survey among nurses of Mental Health services of four hospitals in Milan...
February 6, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701596/voluntary-or-involuntary-acute-psychiatric-hospitalization-in-norway-a-24h-follow-up-study
#13
Kjetil Hustoft, Tor Ketil Larsen, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Inge Joa, Jan Olav Johannessen, Torleif Ruud
The Norwegian Mental Health Care Act states that patients who are involuntarily admitted to a hospital must be reevaluated by a psychiatrist or a specialist in clinical psychology within 24h to assess whether the patient fulfills the legal criteria for the psychiatric status and symptoms. International research on the use of coercive hospitalization in psychiatry is scarce, and an investigation of Norway's routine re-evaluation of involuntarily referred patients may expand knowledge about this aspect of psychiatric treatment...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699765/gay-and-gray-session-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-transgender-aging
#14
Kevin Johnson, Brandon C Yarns, Janet M Abrams, Lilith A Calbridge, Daniel D Sewell
With the overarching goals of improving the healthcare of older transgender individuals and of inspiring pertinent clinical research, a session at the 2017 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry Annual Meeting focused on an interdisciplinary approach to transgender aging. The older the transgender adult, the more likely the individual grew up in a historical context when there was greater social stigma towards their gender identity, even among mental health professionals. In order to provide optimal healthcare to transgender adults, mental health care providers should become familiar with the basic terminology presented in this article...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697521/an-integrative-review-of-nurse-authored-research-to-improve-health-equity-and-human-rights-for-criminal-justice-involved-people
#15
Lorie S Goshin, Alison M Colbert, John F Carey
BACKGROUND: An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research literature on health equity and humane conditions for this population have not been aggregated, nor have the nursing research gaps in this area been systematically identified...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696304/the-perceived-effectiveness-of-traditional-and-faith-healing-in-the-treatment-of-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#16
REVIEW
A S J van der Watt, T van de Water, G Nortje, B D Oladeji, S Seedat, O Gureje
PURPOSE: This work complements a quantitative review by Nortje et al. (Lancet Psychiatry 3(2):154-170, 2016) by exploring the qualitative literature in regard to the perceived effectiveness of traditional and faith healing of mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative studies focusing specifically on traditional and/or faith healing practices for mental illness were retrieved from eight databases. Data were extracted  into basic coding sheets to facilitate the assessment of the quality of eligible papers using the COREQ...
April 25, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693031/attitudes-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-mental-illnesses-and-psychiatry
#17
Nimisha D Desai, Paragkumar D Chavda
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, studies show negative attitude among medical students toward psychiatry and mental illness. The knowledge of the attitude and awareness of the undergraduate medical students toward psychiatry, mental health, and psychiatric disorders are most important as they are going to be involved in the care of these patients either directly or indirectly during the later years of their careers. AIM: This study aims to assess attitude toward psychiatry and mental illness among undergraduate medical students...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692615/the-effects-of-psychoeducational-family-intervention-on-coping-strategies-of-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder-results-from-a-controlled-real-world-multicentric-study
#18
Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Claudio Malangone, Corrado De Rosa, Vincenzo Giallonardo, Giuseppina Borriello, Benedetta Pocai, Micaela Savorani, Luca Steardo, Debora Lampis, Franco Veltro, Francesco Bartoli, Francesco Bardicchia, Anna Maria Moroni, Giusy Ciampini, Emanuele Orlandi, Silvia Ferrari, Silvia Biondi, Sonia Iapichino, Enrico Pompili, Massimiliano Piselli, Alfonso Tortorella, Giuseppe Carrà, Andrea Fiorillo
Background: Psychoeducational family intervention (PFI) has been proven to be effective in improving the levels of family burden and patients' personal functioning in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders (BDs). Less is known about the impact of PFI on relatives' coping strategies in BD. Methods: A multicenter, controlled, outpatient trial funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and coordinated by the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" has been conducted in patients with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and their key relatives consecutively recruited in 11 randomly selected Italian community mental health centers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679851/electronic-journal-clubs-for-capacity-building-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-as-a-model-for-medical-disciplines-in-developing-countries
#19
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#20
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
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