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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313408/in-honor-of-jurgen-ruesch-remembering-his-work-in-psychiatry
#1
Francisco Balbuena Rivera
BACKGROUND: In a highly technical civilization like ours, in which the interest in human communication transcends academic barriers and clinical practice, it seems necessary to look back to Ruesch's work in psychiatry. The main reason of it rests upon the idea that he was one of the few truly outstanding clinicians, researchers, and theoretical in the field of normal and abnormal communication. In fact, he did not only present a wealth of observational and clinical data; more importantly, he used these data to formulate creative hypotheses about the conflict between man and other human beings...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306906/-psychiatric-disorders-in-epilepsy-clinical-phenomena
#2
Anna Szucs, Andras Horvath, Daniel Fabo, Geza Szabo, Andrea Kovacs, Peter Halasz
The frequent psychiatric comorbidity in epilepsy compromises the quality of life of those affected, further increasing their suicide risk and the high burden of stigmatisation. Out of adulthood epilepsies, mesio-temporal lobe epilepsy carries the highest cognitive and psychiatric risk, making mental health comorbidities its inherent features. The pathomechanism of the epilepsy-related mental health symptoms and conditions appears to be related to undetected subclinical seizures, postictal exhaustion and inhibition, and the non-REM sleep related interictal epileptic activity...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302538/psychiatric-morbidity-in-spouses-of-patients-with-alcohol-related-disorders
#3
Aruna Dandu, S Bharathi, Shankar Reddy Dudala
Context: Alcohol dependence is on rise world over, especially in developing countries such as India. According to the World Health Organization, about 30% of Indians consume alcohol, out of which 4%-13% are daily consumers and up to 50% of them, fall under the category of hazardous drinking. Another worrying trend from India is that the average age of initiation of alcohol use has reduced from 28 years during the 1980s to 17 years in 2007. In India, alcohol abuse also amounts to huge annual losses due to alcohol-related problems in workplaces...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301639/genetic-testing-as-a-supporting-tool-in-prescribing-psychiatric-medication-design-and-protocol-of-the-impact-study
#4
Deanna Herbert, Maria Neves-Pereira, Ruth Baidya, Sheraz Cheema, Sarah Groleau, Anashe Shahmirian, Arun K Tiwari, Clement C Zai, Nicole King, Daniel J Müller, James L Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy is one of the primary treatments for psychiatric disorders. Given the variation in individual response, a more personalized approach is needed. This paper will discuss methods for user-friendly referrals, recruitment criteria, data storage and dissemination, biological sample and clinical questionnaire collection, and advertising. METHODS: The Individualized Medicine: Pharmacogenetics Assessment and Clinical Treatment (IMPACT) study is one of the first to use pharmacogenetic testing on a large scale in psychiatry as a tool to predict individual drug response and tolerability...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298748/from-ehealth-to-ihealth-transition-to-participatory-and-personalized-medicine-in-mental-health
#5
Sofian Berrouiguet, Mercedes M Perez-Rodriguez, Mark Larsen, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Maria Oquendo
Clinical assessment in psychiatry is commonly based on findings from brief, regularly scheduled in-person appointments. Although critically important, this approach reduces assessment to cross-sectional observations that miss essential information about disease course. The mental health provider makes all medical decisions based on this limited information. Thanks to recent technological advances such as mobile phones and other personal devices, electronic health (eHealth) data collection strategies now can provide access to real-time patient self-report data during the interval between visits...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298301/mapping-of-global-scientific-research-in-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Matthew J Page, Brian Hutton, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
BACKGROUND: The management of comorbidity and multimorbidity poses major challenges to health services around the world. Analysis of scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity is limited in the biomedical literature. This study aimed to map global scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity to understand the maturity and growth of the area during the past decades. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the Web of Science...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289974/perception-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-by-psychiatrists-in-mentally-affected-patients
#7
Mikolaj Przydacz, Tomasz Golabek, Jerzy A Sobański, Karolina Jaworska, Michal Skalski, Agata Świerkosz, Przemyslaw Dudek, Dariusz Sobieraj, Dominika Dudek, Piotr Chłosta
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly prevalent and costly condition worldwide. Numerous studies have demonstrated their negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL), as well as on physical and mental health. The co-existence of LUTS and psychiatric symptoms is common and has been described by psychiatrists, urologists and gynecologists. However, data are lacking regarding the perception of urological symptoms by psychiatrists in their day-to-day clinical practice...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284228/assessment-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-depressive-patients-depending-on-place-of-residence
#8
Ewa Stefanska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Urszula Kowzan, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Lucyna Ostrowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: An increased incidence of depressive disorders observed in recent years in the Polish and world population is a serious health problem. The aim of the study was to compare dietary habits and nutritional status of patients with recurrent depressive disorders, depending on their place of residence. Their impact on selected metabolic parameters was also considered. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 96 women and 84 men reporting to the Outpatient Mental Health Clinic at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok in north-eastern Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282590/culture-and-context-in-mental-health-diagnosing-scrutinizing-the-dsm-5-revision
#9
Anna Bredström
This article examines the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and its claim of incorporating a "greater cultural sensitivity." The analysis reveals that the manual conveys mixed messages as it explicitly addresses the critique of being ethnocentric and having a static notion of culture yet continues in a similar fashion when culture is applied in diagnostic criteria. The analysis also relates to current trends in psychiatric nosology that emphasize neurobiology and decontextualize distress and points to how the DSM-5 risks serving as an ethnic dividing line in psychiatry by making sociocultural context relevant only for some patients...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279068/-readmission-to-an-adolescent-psychiatry-inpatient-unit-readmission-rates-and-risk-factors
#10
Patricia Mendes, Maria Fonseca, Inês Aguiar, Nuno Pangaio, Luísa Confraria, Otília Queirós, Joana Saraiva, Pedro Monteiro, João Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Most mental disorders have a chronic evolution and therefore a certain amount of psychiatric readmissions are inevitable. Several studies indicate that over 25% of child and adolescent inpatients were readmitted within one year of discharge. Several risk factors for psychiatric readmissions have been reported in the literature, but the history of repeated readmissions is the most consistent risk factor. Our aim is to calculate the readmission rates at 30 days and 12 months after discharge and to identify associated risk factors...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277424/unplanned-admissions-to-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-services-received-prior-to-admission
#11
Solveig Osborg Ose, Jorid Kalseth, Marian Ådnanes, Tone Tveit, Solfrid E Lilleeng
BACKGROUND: Inpatient bed numbers are continually being reduced but are not being replaced with adequate alternatives in primary health care. There is a considerable risk that eventually all inpatient treatment will be unplanned, because planned or elective treatments are superseded by urgent needs when capacity is reduced. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To estimate the rate of unplanned admissions to inpatient psychiatric treatment facilities in Norway and analyse the difference between patients with unplanned and planned admissions regarding services received during the three months prior to admission as well as clinical, demographical and socioeconomic characteristics of patients...
December 20, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275445/issues-on-the-diagnosis-and-etiopathogenesis-of-mood-disorders-reconsidering-dsm-5
#12
REVIEW
Kazuyoshi Ogasawara, Yukako Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kimura, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki
The authors present a narrative review from the diagnostic and nosologic viewpoints of mood disorders (bipolar and depressive ones) by revisiting the revision from the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision to DSM-5, including the following: the separation of the bipolar and depressive sections; the addition of increased energy and continuation of symptoms to the hypo/manic criteria; the elimination of mixed episodes; the creation of new categories and specifiers ("other specified bipolar and related disorder", "disruptive mood dysregulation disorder", "with anxious distress", "with mixed features", "with peripartum onset"); the categorization of hypo/manic episodes during antidepressant treatment into bipolar disorder; the elimination of the "bereavement exclusion"; the ambiguous separation between bipolar I and II; the insufficient distinction between "other specified bipolar and related disorders" and major depressive disorder; the differentiation regarding borderline personality disorder; agitation; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; and society and psychiatry...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249996/metasynthesis-an-original-method-to-synthesize-qualitative-literature-in-psychiatry
#13
Jonathan Lachal, Anne Revah-Levy, Massimiliano Orri, Marie Rose Moro
Background: Metasynthesis-the systematic review and integration of findings from qualitative studies-is an emerging technique in medical research that can use many different methods. Nevertheless, the method must be appropriate to the specific scientific field in which it is used. The objective is to describe the steps of a metasynthesis method adapted from Thematic Synthesis and phenomenology to fit the particularities of psychiatric research. Method: We detail each step of the method used in a metasynthesis published in 2015 on adolescent and young adults suicidal behaviors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241264/-smoke-free-psychiatry-in-germany-a-closer-look
#14
Andrea Linhardt, Raphael Haider, Verena Rampeltshammer, Christoph Kröger, Tobias Rüther
Objective In order to protect non-smokers, the federal states of Germany have adopted a law that provides for extensive smoking bans. In many of these federal laws, acute psychiatric facilities are treated as an exception. Therefore, it is often up to the institutions themselves to develop and enforce regulations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation in acute psychiatric facilities. Methods The survey was created on the basis of previously evaluated questionnaires and consisted of 53 questions...
December 14, 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240556/crazy-making-the-institutional-relations-of-undergraduate-nursing-in-the-reproduction-of-biomedical-psychiatry
#15
Simon Adam
Undergraduate mental health nursing education has been extensively discussed among nursing scholars, educators, and curriculum experts. While various perspectives have weighed in on mental health nursing education in Canada, little attention has been paid to understanding the relationship between biomedical psychiatry and undergraduate nursing education. Using institutional ethnography, this article examines the social and textual relations which characterize this relationship. Beginning in the everyday teaching and learning work of faculty members and nursing students in a collaborative baccalaureate nursing program, the social organization of mental health nursing education is explicated and the textual processes are outlined...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236920/brazilian-version-of-the-cognitive-failures-questionnaire-cfq-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-evidence-of-validity-and-reliability
#16
Jonas J de Paula, Danielle S Costa, Débora M de Miranda, Marco A Romano-Silva
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive failures are simple mistakes in routine activities, such as forgetting commitments and experiencing difficulty concentrating. The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) was designed to assess the frequency of these errors in everyday life. Although widely used in psychiatry and psychology, both in clinical and research settings, it has not been adapted for use in Brazil. Our objective was to perform cross-cultural adaptation of the CFQ for the Brazilian reality and assess its validity and reliability...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234511/weekend-new-patient-reviews-in-psychiatry-evaluation-of-activity-over-3-months
#17
Michael Rutherford, Mark Potter
Aims and method South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust developed a system of weekend new patient reviews by higher trainees to provide senior medical input 7 days a week. To evaluate the effectiveness of these reviews, the notes for all patients admitted over 3 months were examined. The mean length of stay for patients before and after the introduction of the weekend new patient reviews were compared via unpaired t-test. Results A total of 88 patients were seen: 84.4% of patients were seen within 24 h of admission...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233315/student-pharmacist-experiences-as-inpatient-psychiatry-medication-education-group-leaders-during-an-early-immersion-program
#18
Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Lindsey Kennedy, Shauna Garris, Suzanne C Harris, Ashley Hillman, Nicole R Pinelli, Denise H Rhoney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While research suggests that pharmacists generally hold positive attitudes toward consumers of psychiatric medications, they often feel less comfortable talking about these medications and providing services for patients with mental illness. The purpose of this program was to train second and third year student pharmacists as psychiatry medication education groups leaders and to examine resulting student self-efficacy and mental health stigma. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In partnership with the University of North Carolina (UNC) Eshelman School of Pharmacy, the inpatient psychiatry service at UNC Medical Center expanded weekly medication education groups with the help of trained student pharmacists...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#19
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#20
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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