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Mental health, psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641817/-preventing-violence-in-schizophrenia-with-cognitive-remediation
#1
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and violence represents an important issue in psychiatry. Often highly publicized, violent acts raise the question of their detection, prevention, management and treatment. There is no single, direct and exclusive link between aggressiveness and the underlying psychiatric disorder. On the contrary, the processes underlying this violence are multiple and interlinked. In addition to static and dynamic risk factors, cognitive deficits play an important role in the genesis and maintenance of violent and aggressive behavior...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638041/-the-presumption-of-mental-health-is-it-really-proved
#2
S N Shishkov, N V Skibina
The article is devoted to one of the most complicated and peculiar problems of modern psychiatry - the presumption of mental health. Its originality is seen in the fact that practically all speaking and writing about it noted the importance of this principle for the protection of rights and legal interests of citizens, failing into the field of psychiatry. However, expressing this opinion, doctors and lawyers offer very few arguments in support of this view. Traditional arguments in favor of the presumption of mental health, scattered and unsystematic, prove to be absolutely insolvent...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637535/routine-hospital-management-of-self-harm-and-risk-of-further-self-harm-propensity-score-analysis-using-record-based-cohort-data
#3
S Steeg, R Emsley, M Carr, J Cooper, N Kapur
BACKGROUND: The care received by people presenting to hospital following self-harm varies and it is unclear how different types of treatment affect risk of further self-harm. METHOD: Observational cohort data from the Manchester Self-Harm Project, UK, included 16 456 individuals presenting to an Emergency Department with self-harm between 2003 and 2011. Individuals were followed up for 12 months. We also used data from a smaller cohort of individuals presenting to 31 hospitals in England during a 3-month period in 2010/2011, followed up for 6 months...
June 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635541/association-between-abnormal-brain-functional-connectivity-in-children-and-psychopathology-a-study-based-on-graph-theory-and-machine-learning
#4
João Ricardo Sato, Claudinei Eduardo Biazoli, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Ary Gadelha, Nicolas Crossley, Gilson Vieira, André Zugman, Felipe Almeida Picon, Pedro Mario Pan, Marcelo Queiroz Hoexter, Edson Amaro, Mauricio Anés, Luciana Monteiro Moura, Marco Antonio Gomes Del'Aquilla, Philip Mcguire, Luis Augusto Rohde, Euripedes Constantino Miguel, Andrea Parolin Jackowski, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
OBJECTIVES: One of the major challenges facing psychiatry is how to incorporate biological measures in the classification of mental health disorders. Many of these disorders affect brain development and its connectivity. In this study, we propose a novel method for assessing brain networks based on the combination of a graph theory measure (eigenvector centrality) and a one-class support vector machine (OC-SVM). METHODS: We applied this approach to resting-state fMRI data from 622 children and adolescents...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630647/patterns-of-psychiatric-admissions-and-predictors-of-patient-s-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#5
Sinan Tadesse, Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Getachew Kirose Abraha, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric morbidity burden accounts 12.45% of the disease admission burden in Ethiopia; only two referral hospitals are found to manage all cases. The aim of this study is to assess the predictors of patient outcomes. METHOD: A 3 years retrospective patients' cards, charts and medical notes review in psychiatry case admission department of Jimma university teaching and training specialised hospital was conducted. All the admitted cases included in this study...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622823/does-behavioral-health-integration-improve-primary-care-providers-perceptions-of-health-care-system-functioning-and-their-own-knowledge
#6
Leah Zallman, Robert Joseph, Colleen O'Brien, Emily Benedetto, Ellie Grossman, Lisa Arsenault, Assaad Sayah
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of behavioral health integration (BHI) on primary care providers' (PCPs') (1) perceptions of behavioral health (BH)-primary care (PC) system functioning and (2) perceptions of their own knowledge regarding how to manage, triage, and access help in caring for patients with mental health conditions and substance use disorders. METHODS: We implemented BHI based on evidence-based models consisting of seven elements: (1)Screening for mental health and substance use disorders, (2)Training of PC teams, (3)Integration of BH providers into PC teams, (4)Roll-out of unlicensed mental health care managers and establishment of a BH registry, (5)Psychiatry consult service, (6)Site-based BHI meetings, and (7)Site self assessments...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622809/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-mental-healthcare-utilization-consistent-with-potentially-effective-care-the-role-of-patient-preferences
#7
Anika L Hines, Lisa A Cooper, Leiyu Shi
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic minorities are less likely than Whites to initiate and continue mental healthcare. Minorities also prefer non-medical approaches to address mental health issues. We evaluated sector-type as a modifier of the association of race/ethnicity with service utilization for mental health. We hypothesized that minorities utilize non-mental health sectors at rates consistent with guidelines and similar to Whites. METHODS: We examined data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiologic Studies (CPES) (n=3803)...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#8
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617395/-actual-issues-of-psychiatry-and-addiction-medicine-the-jubilee-conference-devoted-to-35-anniverssary-of-the-institute-of-mental-health-and-125-anniverssary-of-the-department-of-psychiatry-addiction-medicine-and-psychotherapy-of-the-siberian-state-medical-university
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613366/-transitional-psychiatry-in-the-netherlands-experiences-and-views-of-mental-health-professionals
#10
S E Gerritsen, G C Dieleman, M A C Beltman, A A M Tangenbergh, A Maras, T A M J van Amelsvoort, A L van Staa
Psychopathology manifests itself primarily in late adolescence and continues into adulthood. Continuity of care is essential during this phase of life. The current care service distinguishes between child/adolescent (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). The separation of services can interfere with the continuity of care.<br/> AIM: To map professionals' experiences of and views on the transition and associated problems that young people can experience as they are transferred from CAMHS to AMHS...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608232/emotional-distress-among-physician-residents-and-fellows-an-observational-study-of-trainees-seeking-counseling-visits
#11
Anna Golob, Lauren A Beste, Mindy Stern, Kay Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress, burnout, and depression occur frequently among graduate medical education (GME) trainees and may negatively affect patient care, education, and well-being. The authors aimed to characterize the causes and severity of distress among GME trainees seeking on-site counseling services at a large, multi-site, university-based training program in the USA. METHODS: The authors analyzed visits of all GME trainees seeking counseling from 2009 to 2012 and described trainee characteristics, level of distress, chief and secondary complaints, and initial visit outcomes...
June 12, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606624/-impact-of-education-program-and-clinical-posting-in-psychiatry-on-medical-students-stigmatizing-attitudes-towards-psychiatry-and-psychiatric-disorders
#12
N Simon, H Verdoux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore whether a medical student education program and clinical posting in psychiatry had an impact on medical students' stigmatizing attitudes towards psychiatry and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medical students from the University of Bordeaux were recruited during their 4-year course at the beginning of the academic education program in psychiatry. Medical students who were concomitantly in a clinical posting in wards of psychiatry or neurology were invited to participate in the study...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606419/the-evolving-practice-of-psychiatry-in-the-era-of-integrated-care
#13
REVIEW
Robert Joseph, Rachel Kester, Colleen O'Brien, Hsiang Huang
BACKGROUND: Integrating behavioral health care into the primary care setting is increasingly recognized as an effective way to manage mental illness and substance use disorders on a population level in the United States. The term "integrated care," however, is used in many ways and encompasses several different models. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to provide a conceptual framework to understand the landscape of models of integrated care and to use this framework to contrast the roles of behavioral health providers in integrated settings with those in traditional behavioral health delivery models...
April 13, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604293/lives-in-the-asylum-record-1864-to-1910-utilising-large-data-collection-for-histories-of-psychiatry-and-mental-health
#14
Angela McCarthy, Catharine Coleborne, Maree O'Connor, Elspeth Knewstubb
This article examines the research implications and uses of data for a large project investigating institutional confinement in Australia and New Zealand. The cases of patients admitted between 1864 and 1910 at four separate institutions, three public and one private, provided more than 4000 patient records to a collaborative team of researchers. The utility and longevity of this data and the ways to continue to understand its significance and contents form the basis of this article's interrogation of data collection and methodological issues surrounding the history of psychiatry and mental health...
July 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600276/data-collection-for-mental-health-studies-through-digital-platforms-requirements-and-design-of-a-prototype
#16
Talayeh Aledavood, Ana Maria Triana Hoyos, Tuomas Alakörkkö, Kimmo Kaski, Jari Saramäki, Erkki Isometsä, Richard K Darst
BACKGROUND: Mental and behavioral disorders are the main cause of disability worldwide. However, their diagnosis is challenging due to a lack of reliable biomarkers; current detection is based on structured clinical interviews which can be biased by the patient's recall ability, affective state, changing in temporal frames, etc. While digital platforms have been introduced as a possible solution to this complex problem, there is little evidence on the extent of usability and usefulness of these platforms...
June 9, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599724/-web-tv-a-tool-favouring-collaboration-for-quality-care
#17
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Decobert, Stéphanie Weill
The Web TV of the EPSM Lille-Métropole is an innovative communication tool in mental health. Aiming to change the image of psychiatry among users as well as professionals, these programmes, posted online, enable viewers to see the care provided by mental health professionals. They are also an opportunity for those involved to get to know each other better to improve the way they work together.
June 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#18
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589496/screening-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-geriatric-psychiatry
#19
S M J Heijnen-Kohl, R M Kok, R M H J Wilting, G Rossi, S P J van Alphen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are difficult to detect in old age. This study examined if ASD symptoms in older adults (age > 60) can be detected with the Dutch informant personality questionnaire, (Hetero-Anamnestische Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst, HAP) in a mental health setting. Patients with ASD (N = 40) were compared to patients with a different psychiatric diagnosis (N = 43; personality disorders excluded). The ASD group had significant higher scores on the scales 'Socially avoidant behavior', 'Rigid behavior' and 'Unpredictable and impulsive behavior'...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584651/an-analysis-of-whether-a-working-age-ward-based-liaison-psychiatry-service-requires-the-input-of-a-liaison-psychiatrist
#20
Elspeth A Guthrie, Aaron T McMeekin, Sylvia Khan, Sally Makin, Ben Shaw, Damien Longson
Aims and method This article presents a 12-month case series to determine the fraction of ward referrals of adults of working age who needed a liaison psychiatrist in a busy tertiary referral teaching hospital. Results The service received 344 referrals resulting in 1259 face-to-face contacts. Depression accounted for the most face-to-face contacts. We deemed the involvement of a liaison psychiatrist necessary in 241 (70.1%) referrals, with medication management as the most common reason. Clinical implications A substantial amount of liaison ward work involves the treatment and management of severe and complex mental health problems...
June 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
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