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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166576/the-beneficial-health-aspects-of-sea-buckthorn-elaeagnus-rhamnoides-l-a-nelson-oil
#1
REVIEW
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166443/epifloripa-aging-cohort-study-methods-operational-aspects-and-follow-up-strategies
#2
Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Susana Cararo Confortin, Carla de Oliveira Bernardo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Danielle Ledur Antes, Karine Gonçalves Pereira, Lariane Mortean Ono, Larissa Pruner Marques, Lucélia Justino Borges, Maruí Weber Corseuil Giehl, Rodrigo de Rosso Krug, Vanessa Fernanda Goes, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Antônio Fernando Boing, Eleonora d'Orsi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sample plan, operational aspects, and strategies used in the 2009/2010 and 2013/2014 EpiFloripa Aging Study. METHODS: The EpiFloripa Aging is a population-based longitudinal study with 1,705 older adults (60 years or more) living in the municipality of Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, in 2009/2010 (baseline). The research was conducted with a face-to-face interviews, organized into blocks of identification, socioeconomic, mental health, health and life habits, global functionality, falls, physical activity, morbidities, use of health services, use of medications, food, oral health, and violence, evaluated in the first (2009/2010) and in the second wave (2013/2014)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166195/the-experience-of-young-women-living-in-a-prostitution-area-in-maintaining-their-reproductive-health
#3
Vonyca Dovis, Setyowati, Wiwit Kurniawati
Young women face a difficult situation when they live in a prostitution area or red light district. A phenomenological approach was applied to explore the experiences in maintaining reproductive health of 10 young women living in the prostitution area in Lampung, one of the provinces in Sumatra. Thematic content analysis found 7 themes including: (1) The participants' perception of prostitution as a place of naughty women and free sexual activity that can transmit STDs and influence adolescent psychology; (2) The ways the participants kept their reproductive organs healthy were through maintaining friendships, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding free sexual activity, eating healthy food, and having routine medical checkups; (3) Information support was gained from family, health workers, media, and teachers; (4) Emotional support from family and friends; (5) Barriers to maintaining good health were inaccessible health facilities and an underfunded health service; (6) The needs of the participants were reproductive health services and clean environment; (7) The participants hoped for health education and intensive health services with friendly nurses...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166161/will-invertebrates-require-increasingly-carbon-rich-food-in-a-warming-world
#4
Thomas R Anderson, Dag O Hessen, Maarten Boersma, Jotaro Urabe, Daniel J Mayor
Elevated temperature causes metabolism and respiration to increase in poikilothermic organisms. We hypothesized that invertebrate consumers will therefore require increasingly carbon-rich diets in a warming environment because the increased energetic demands are primarily met using compounds rich in carbon, that is, carbohydrates and lipids. Here, we test this hypothesis using a new stoichiometric model that has carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) as currencies. Model predictions did not support the hypothesis, indicating instead that the nutritional requirements of invertebrates, at least in terms of food quality expressed as C∶N ratio, may change little, if at all, at elevated temperature...
December 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165601/associations-between-perceived-leadership-and-presenteeism-in-an-industrial-population
#5
Kimmo J Vänni, Subas Neupane, Clas-Håkan Nygård
Background: Presenteeism has received increasing attention in occupational health research but the evidence for its association with perceived leadership is scant. Aims: To assess the association of perceived leadership and presenteeism among industrial workers. Methods: Survey responses from employees on perceived leadership were linked to the personnel register of a food industry company. The Presenteeism Scale method was used to determine the presenteeism percentage...
November 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165555/prenatal-exposure-to-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-dehp-disrupts-ovarian-function-in-a-transgenerational-manner-in-female-mice
#6
Saniya Rattan, Emily Brehm, Liying Gao, Sarah Niermann, Jodi A Flaws
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer found in polyvinyl chloride products such as vinyl flooring, plastic food containers, medical devices, and children's toys. DEHP is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant and is a known endocrine disrupting chemical. Little is known about the effects of prenatal DEHP exposure on the ovary and whether effects occur in subsequent generations. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to DEHP disrupts ovarian functions in the F1, F2, and F3 generations of female mice...
November 20, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164603/18f-pet-with-florbetapir-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#7
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Xavier Bonfill Cosp, Leon Flicker
BACKGROUND: (18)F-florbetapir uptake by brain tissue measured by positron emission tomography (PET) is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-florbetapir...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164602/18f-pet-with-flutemetamol-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#8
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Leon Flicker, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: (18)F-flutemetamol uptake by brain tissue, measured by positron emission tomography (PET), is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and the confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using some amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-flutemetamol...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164600/18f-pet-with-florbetaben-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-in-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#9
REVIEW
Gabriel Martínez, Robin Wm Vernooij, Paulina Fuentes Padilla, Javier Zamora, Leon Flicker, Xavier Bonfill Cosp
BACKGROUND: (18)F-florbetaben uptake by brain tissue, measured by positron emission tomography (PET), is accepted by regulatory agencies like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicine Agencies (EMA) for assessing amyloid load in people with dementia. Its added value is mainly demonstrated by excluding Alzheimer's pathology in an established dementia diagnosis. However, the National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) revised the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer's disease and confidence in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer's disease may be increased when using some amyloid biomarkers tests like (18)F-florbetaben...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#10
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163562/combined-field-inoculations-of-pseudomonas-bacteria-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-and-entomopathogenic-nematodes-and-their-effects-on-wheat-performance
#11
Nicola Imperiali, Xavier Chiriboga, Klaus Schlaeppi, Marie Fesselet, Daniela Villacrés, Geoffrey Jaffuel, S Franz Bender, Francesca Dennert, Ruben Blanco-Pérez, Marcel G A van der Heijden, Monika Maurhofer, Fabio Mascher, Ted C J Turlings, Christoph J Keel, Raquel Campos-Herrera
In agricultural ecosystems, pest insects, pathogens, and reduced soil fertility pose major challenges to crop productivity and are responsible for significant yield losses worldwide. Management of belowground pests and diseases remains particularly challenging due to the complex nature of the soil and the limited reach of conventional agrochemicals. Boosting the presence of beneficial rhizosphere organisms is a potentially sustainable alternative and may help to optimize crop health and productivity. Field application of single beneficial soil organisms has shown satisfactory results under optimal conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163542/effects-of-food-additives-on-immune-cells-as-contributors-to-body-weight-gain-and-immune-mediated-metabolic-dysregulation
#12
REVIEW
Heitor A Paula Neto, Priscila Ausina, Lilian S Gomez, João G B Leandro, Patricia Zancan, Mauro Sola-Penna
Food additives are compounds used in order to improve food palatability, texture, and shelf life. Despite a significant effort to assure safety of use, toxicological analysis of these substances, generally, rely on their direct toxicity to target organs (liver and kidney) or their genotoxic effects. Much less attention is paid to the effects of these compounds on cells of the immune system. This is of relevance given that metabolic dysregulation and obesity have a strong immune-mediated component. Obese individuals present a state of chronic low-grade inflammation that contributes to the establishment of insulin resistance and other metabolic abnormalities known as the metabolic syndrome...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163409/seasonal-shifts-in-bacterial-community-responses-to-phytoplankton-derived-dissolved-organic-matter-in-the-western-antarctic-peninsula
#13
Catherine M Luria, Linda A Amaral-Zettler, Hugh W Ducklow, Daniel J Repeta, Andrew L Rhyne, Jeremy J Rich
Bacterial consumption of dissolved organic matter (DOM) drives much of the movement of carbon through the oceanic food web and the global carbon cycle. Understanding complex interactions between bacteria and marine DOM remains an important challenge. We tested the hypothesis that bacterial growth and community succession would respond differently to DOM additions due to seasonal changes in phytoplankton abundance in the environment. Four mesocosm experiments were conducted that spanned the spring transitional period (August-December 2013) in surface waters of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163377/wild-grape-associated-yeasts-as-promising-biocontrol-agents-against-vitis-vinifera-fungal-pathogens
#14
Gustavo Cordero-Bueso, Nicola Mangieri, David Maghradze, Roberto Foschino, Federica Valdetara, Jesús M Cantoral, Ileana Vigentini
The increasing level of hazardous residues in the environment and food chains has led the European Union to restrict the use of chemical fungicides. Thus, exploiting new natural antagonistic microorganisms against fungal diseases could serve the agricultural production to reduce pre- and post-harvest losses, to boost safer practices for workers and to protect the consumers' health. The main aim of this work was to evaluate the antagonistic potential of epiphytic yeasts against Botrytis cinerea, Aspergillus carbonarius, and Penicillium expansum pathogen species...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162562/metabolic-effects-of-bariatric-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Piriyah Sinclair, Neil Docherty, Carel W le Roux
BACKGROUND: Obesity can be defined as a chronic subcortical brain disease, as there is an important neurophysiological component to its etiology based on changes in the functioning of those areas of the brain controlling food intake and reward. Extensive metabolic changes accompany bariatric surgery-based treatment of obesity. Consequently, the term "metabolic" surgery is being increasingly adopted in relation to the beneficial effects these procedures have on chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161650/how-the-morphological-properties-of-mentha-longifolia-l-huds-may-be-affected-by-geographical-differences
#16
Mohammad Mohammadi, Hossein Ali Asadi-Gharneh
With respect to the benefits of medicinal plants for human health and their use as food, they are extensively being researched and planted in different parts of the world including Iran. Among the most important parameters, which may affect the growth and the yield of medicinal plants is their geographical (ecotype) properties. Accordingly, a research work was proposed to investigate the effects of 10 different regions or ecotypes on the morphological properties of pennyroyal [Mentha longifolia. (L.) Huds.] from the Lamiaceae family in one of the Iranian provinces, namely Ilam...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161512/trophodynamics-of-organic-pollutants-in-pelagic-and-benthic-food-webs-of-lake-dianchi-importance-of-ingested-sediment-as-uptake-route
#17
Senrong Fan, Beili Wang, Hang Liu, Shixiong Gao, Tong Li, Shuran Wang, Yong Liu, Xueqin Liu, Yi Wan
Habitat is of great importance in determining the trophic transfer of pollutants in freshwater ecosystems; however, the major factors influencing chemical trophodynamics in pelagic and benthic food webs remain unclear. This study investigated the levels of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and substituted PAHs (s-PAHs) in two plankton species, six invertebrate species, and ten fish species collected from Lake Dianchi in southern China. Relatively high concentrations of PAHs and s-PAHs were detected with total concentrations of 11...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161216/effector-biology-exhibits-diversity-at-every-level
#18
Wenbo Ma, Yuanchao Wang, John M McDowell
Effector proteins play key roles in the molecular interplay between plants and plant-associated organisms, and effector biology remains one of the most active areas in the research field of molecular plant-microbe Interactions. Using effectors as probes, much has been learned about pathogen virulence and host immunity, which has broad implications in developing disease-resistant crops that are essential for global food security. Thus, the MPMI Editorial Board felt that it is an opportune time to showcase recent progress in this area...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160810/towards-more-nuanced-classification-of-ngos-and-their-services-to-improve-integrated-planning-across-disaster-phases
#19
Vivian L Towe, Joie D Acosta, Anita Chandra
Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are being integrated into U.S. strategies to expand the services that are available during health security threats like disasters. Identifying better ways to classify NGOs and their services could optimize disaster planning. We surveyed NGOs about the types of services they provided during different disaster phases. Survey responses were used to categorize NGO services as core-critical to fulfilling their organizational mission-or adaptive-services implemented during a disaster based on community need...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#20
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
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