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Kevin J Ashton, Melissa E Reichelt, S Jamal Mustafa, Bunyen Teng, Catherine Ledent, Lea M D Delbridge, Polly A Hofmann, R Ray Morrison, John P Headrick
Influences of adenosine 2A receptor (A2AR) activity on the cardiac transcriptome and genesis of endotoxemic myocarditis are unclear. We applied transcriptomic profiling (39 K Affymetrix arrays) to identify A2AR-sensitive molecules, revealed by receptor knockout (KO), in healthy and endotoxemic hearts. Baseline cardiac function was unaltered and only 37 A2AR-sensitive genes modified by A2AR KO (≥1.2-fold change, <5 % FDR); the five most induced are Mtr, Ppbp, Chac1, Ctsk and Cnpy2 and the five most repressed are Hp, Yipf4, Acta1, Cidec and Map3k2...
September 30, 2016: Purinergic Signalling
Zhiming Li, Zaozao Zheng, Jun Ruan, Zhi Li, Xuan Zhuang, Chi-Meng Tzeng
Our previous research suggested that an integrated analysis of microRNA (miRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression is helpful to explore miRNA-mRNA interactions and to uncover the molecular mechanisms of male infertility. In this study, microarrays were used to compare the differences in the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the testicular tissues of severe oligozoospermia (SO) patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) controls with normal spermatogenesis. Four miRNAs (miR-1246, miR-375, miR-410, and miR-758) and six mRNAs (SLC1A3, PRKAR2B, HYDIN, WDR65, PRDX1, and ADATMS5) were selected to validate the microarray data using quantitative real-time PCR...
July 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Alessandro Del Gobbo, Erika Peverelli, Donatella Treppiedi, Andrea Lania, Giovanna Mantovani, Stefano Ferrero
In this review, we discuss the molecular mechanisms and prognostic implications of the protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway in human tumors, with special emphasis on the malignant thyroid. The PKA signaling pathway is differentially activated by the expression of regulatory subunits 1 (R1) and 2 (R2), whose levels change during development, differentiation, and neoplastic transformation. Following the identification of gene mutations within the PKA regulatory subunit R1A (PRKAR1A) that cause Carney complex-associated neoplasms, several investigators have studied PRKAR1A expression in sporadic thyroid tumors...
August 1, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Sung Han Kim, Jin-Nyoung Ho, Hyunjin Jin, Sang Chul Lee, Sang Eun Lee, Sung-Kyu Hong, Jeong Woo Lee, Eun-Sik Lee, Seok-Soo Byun
PURPOSE: The mechanism of resistance to cisplatin during treatment of bladder cancer (BC) has been a subject of intense investigation in clinical research. This study aims to identify candidate genes associated with resistance to cisplatin, in order to understand the resistance mechanism of BC cells to the drug, by combining the use of microarray profiling, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and Western blot analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cisplatin sensitive human BC cell line (T24) and the cisplatin resistant BC cell line, T24R2, were used for microarray analysis to determine the differential expression of genes that are significant in cisplatin resistance...
January 2016: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Emmanouil Saloustros, Paraskevi Salpea, Chen-Feng Qi, Lina A Gugliotti, Kitman Tsang, Sisi Liu, Matthew F Starost, Herbert C Morse, Constantine A Stratakis
BACKGROUND: Protein kinase A (PKA) is a holoenzyme that consists of a dimer of regulatory subunits and two inactive catalytic subunits that bind to the regulatory subunit dimer. Four regulatory subunits (RIα, RIβ, RIIα, RIIβ) and four catalytic subunits (Cα, Cβ, Cγ, Prkx) have been described in the human and mouse genomes. Previous studies showed that complete inactivation of the Prkar1a subunit (coding for RIα) in the germline leads to embryonic lethality, while Prkar1a-deficient mice are viable and develop schwannomas, thyroid, and bone neoplasms, and rarely lymphomas and sarcomas...
2015: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Junseong Park, Jungsul Lee, Chulhee Choi
In the post-genomic era, many researchers have taken a systematic approach to identifying abnormal genes associated with various diseases. However, the gold standard has not been established, and most of these abnormalities are difficult to be rehabilitated in real clinical settings. In addition to identifying abnormal genes, for a practical purpose, it is necessary to investigate abnormality diversity. In this context, this study is aimed to demonstrate simply restorable genes as useful drug targets. We devised the concept of "drug targetability" to evaluate several different modes of abnormal genes by predicting events after drug treatment...
2015: Scientific Reports
Sisi Liu, Emmanouil Saloustros, Edward L Mertz, Kitman Tsang, Matthew F Starost, Paraskevi Salpea, Fabio R Faucz, Eva Szarek, Maria Nesterova, Sergey Leikin, Constantine A Stratakis
Carney Complex (CNC), a human genetic syndrome predisposing to multiple neoplasias, is associated with bone lesions such as osteochondromyxomas (OMX). The most frequent cause for CNC is PRKAR1A deficiency; PRKAR1A codes for type-I regulatory subunit of protein kinase A (PKA). Prkar1a(+/-) mice developed OMX, fibrous dysplasia-like lesions (FDL) and other tumors. Tumor tissues in these animals had increased PKA activity due to an unregulated PKA catalytic subunit and increased PKA type II (PKA-II) activity mediated by the PRKAR2A and PRKAR2B subunits...
November 1, 2015: Human Molecular Genetics
Florian Christoph Sigloch, Ulrike Christina Burk, Martin Lothar Biniossek, Thomas Brabletz, Oliver Schilling
Expression of miR-200c is a molecular switch to determine cellular fate towards a mesenchymal or epithelial phenotype. miR-200c suppresses the early steps of tumor progression by preventing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and intravasation of tumor cells. Unraveling the underlying molecular mechanisms might pinpoint to novel therapeutic options. To better understand these mechanisms it is crucial to identify targets of miR-200c. Here, we employ a combination of quantitative proteomic and bioinformatic strategies to identify novel miR-200c targets...
September 15, 2015: Oncotarget
Roman Saternus, Stefan Pilz, Stefan Gräber, Marcus Kleber, Winfried März, Thomas Vogt, Jörg Reichrath
Vitamin D deficiency is common in the Caucasian population and is associated with increased incidence and unfavorable outcome of many diseases, including various types of cancer, infectious, cardiovascular, and autoimmune diseases. Individual factors that predispose for a person's vitamin D status, such as skin type, have been identified, but limited data exist on genetic determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration. We have tested the hypothesis that variants of genes (single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs]) involved in skin pigmentation are predictive of serum 25(OH)D levels...
January 2015: Endocrinology
Stefano Ferrero, Valentina Vaira, Alessandro Del Gobbo, Leonardo Vicentini, Silvano Bosari, Paolo Beck-Peccoz, Giovanna Mantovani, Anna Spada, Andrea G Lania
The four regulatory subunits (R1A, R1B, R2A, R2B) of protein kinase A (PKA) are differentially expressed in several cancer cell lines and exert distinct roles in both cell growth and cell differentiation control. Mutations of the PRKAR1A gene have been found in patients with Carney complex and in a minority of sporadic anaplastic thyroid carcinomas. The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate the expression of different PKA regulatory subunits in benign and non benign human thyroid tumours and to correlate their expression with clinical phenotype...
April 2015: Histology and Histopathology
Monique Tomazele Rovani, Bernardo Garziera Gasperin, Gustavo Freitas Ilha, Rogério Ferreira, Rodrigo Camponogara Bohrer, Raj Duggavathi, Vilceu Bordignon, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Estradiol (E2) receptors mediate E2 effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis under normal and pathological conditions. However, the mechanisms involved in E2 signaling are not completely understood. The objectives in this study were to evaluate the expression of estrogen receptors (ESRs) during follicular selection in cattle, and the effect of intrafollicular injection of fulvestrant (an antagonist of ESRs) on follicular development and transcript abundance in granulosa cells...
2014: Journal of Ovarian Research
F Basso, F Rocchetti, S Rodriguez, M Nesterova, F Cormier, C A Stratakis, B Ragazzon, J Bertherat, M Rizk-Rabin
The cyclic AMP/protein kinase A signaling cascade is one of the main pathways involved in the pathogenesis of adrenocortical tumors. The PKA R1A and R2B proteins are the most abundant regulatory subunits in endocrine tissues. Inactivating mutations of PRKAR1A are associated with Carney complex and a subset of sporadic tumors and the abundance of R2B protein is low in a subset of secreting adrenocortical adenomas. We previously showed that PRKAR1A and PRKAR2B inactivation have anti-apoptotic effects on the adrenocortical carcinoma cell line H295R...
November 2014: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Sarah A Gagliano, Arun K Tiwari, Natalie Freeman, Jeffrey A Lieberman, Herbert Y Meltzer, James L Kennedy, Jo Knight, Daniel J Müller
OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotics are effective in treating schizophrenia symptoms. However, the use of clozapine and olanzapine in particular are associated with significant weight gain. Mouse and human studies suggest that the protein kinase cAMP-dependent regulatory type II beta (PRKAR2B) gene may be involved in energy metabolism, and there is evidence that it is associated with clozapine's effects on triglyceride levels. We aimed at assessing PRKAR2B's role in antipsychotic-induced weight gain in schizophrenia patients...
July 2014: Human Psychopharmacology
Erika Peverelli, Federica Ermetici, Sabrina Corbetta, Ettore Gozzini, Laura Avagliano, Marco A Zappa, Gaetano Bulfamante, Paolo Beck-Peccoz, Anna Spada, Giovanna Mantovani
ADIPOGENESIS IS A COMPLEX PROCESS MODULATED BY SEVERAL FACTORS, INCLUDING CAMP SIGNALING. THE MAIN CAMP TARGET IS PROTEIN KINASE A (PKA), A TETRAMERIC ENZYME WITH FOUR REGULATORY SUBUNITS SHOWING TISSUE-SPECIFIC EXPRESSION AND FUNCTION: PRKAR2B is the main regulatory subunit in adipose tissue in mice and in adult humans. This study aimed to evaluate the expression of PKA regulatory subunits in human adipose tissue during fetal development and to investigate their role in the differentiation of 3T3-L1 and primary human preadipocytes...
2013: Endocrine Connections
N J Stojkov, M M Janjic, T S Kostic, S A Andric
Doxazosin (Doxa) is an α1-selective adrenergic receptor (ADR) antagonist widely used, alone or in combination, to treat high blood pressure, benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms, and recently has been suggested as a potential drug for prostate cancer prevention/treatment. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of in vivo Doxa po-application, in clinically relevant dose, on: (i) steroidogenic machinery homeostasis; (ii) cAMP/cGMP signalling; (iii) transcription profile of ADR in Leydig cells of adult rats...
March 2013: Andrology
Martuza Sarwar, Sabina Sandberg, Per-Anders Abrahamsson, Jenny L Persson
OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we investigated whether the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-activated protein kinase A (PKA) pathway may regulate the expression of AR and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and whether there is a correlation between the expression of cAMP/PKA-associated genes and androgen receptor (AR) in patients with prostate cancer (CaP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The functional studies were performed in LNCaP and PC3 cell lines. Data on the mRNA expression of sets of genes in human clinical samples, including prostate tissues from organ donors, prostate primary cancer, and metastatic cancer, were extracted from the National Center for Biotechnology Informations Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database...
January 2014: Urologic Oncology
Kosho Kinoshita, Mohammad Said Ashenagar, Masaki Tabuchi, Hideaki Higashino
Clarification of the genetic nature and more effective care for hypertension are required, given the high incidences of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality. Thus, we surveyed candidate genes for hypertension with rat whole gene DNA microarrays using three novel methods. Gene expression analyses were conducted as follows: Method 1, three types of spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) substrains, SHR, stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP) and malignant type of SHRSP (M-SHRSP) were used and compared to normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats; Method 2, the expressed genes between rats of different ages were compared for different blood pressures; and Method 3, genes that were expressed in rats treated with or without an acute hypotensive stimulus, the antihypertensive hydralazine hydrochloride, were compared...
March 2011: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Watcharin Loilome, Sasithorn Yooyuen, Nisana Namwat, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Anucha Puapairoj, Junko Kano, Masayuki Noguchi, Masanao Miwa, Puangrat Yongvanit
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) associated with Opisthorchis viverrini (Ov) chronic infection is the most frequent primary liver cancer in Thailand, and current approaches to early diagnosis and curative treatments are largely disappointing. We hypothesize a role for protein kinase A (PKA) in Ov-induced CCA. First, we studied the PKA isozyme switching in the liver from the hamster CCA model using quantitative (q) PCR, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemical and western blot analysis. Second, the presence of extracellular PKA (ECPKA) in CCA cell lines and their conditioned media was demonstrated by western blot and PKA activity assay...
December 2012: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
B Yu, B Ragazzon, M Rizk-Rabin, J Bertherat
Various molecular and cellular alterations of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) pathway have been observed in endocrine tumors. Since protein kinase A (PKA) is a central key component of the cAMP pathway, studies of the alterations of PKA subunits in endocrine tumors reveal new aspects of the mechanisms of cAMP pathway alterations in human diseases. So far, most alterations have been observed for the regulatory subunits, mainly PRKAR1A and to a lower extent, PRKAR2B. One of the best examples of such alteration today is the multiple neoplasia syndrome Carney complex (CNC)...
September 2012: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
E V A Raine, N Wreglesworth, A W Dodd, L N Reynard, J Loughlin
OBJECTIVES: An osteoarthritis (OA) susceptibility locus has been mapped to chromosome 7q22, to a region of high-linkage disequilibrium encompassing six genes: PRKAR2B, HBP1, COG5, GPR22, DUS4L and BCAP29. The authors assessed whether these genes were subject to cis-acting regulatory polymorphisms that are active in joint tissues and which could contribute to the association signal. METHODS: Using joint tissues from 156 patients with OA, and control cartilage from 25 patients who had neck of the femur fractures, the authors measured the overall gene expression by quantitative PCR and the allelic expression of the genes, using an assay that can distinguish mRNA output from each allele of a transcript single nucleotide polymorphism...
December 2012: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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