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carto mapping

Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Bernard Belhassen, Aharon Glick, Haim Shmilovich, Galit Aviram, Raphael Rosso, Yoav Michowitz
INTRODUCTION: A new imaging software (CARTO® Segmentation Module, Biosense Webster) allows preprocedural 3-D reconstruction of all heart chambers based on cardiac CT. We describe our initial experience with the new module during ablation of ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen consecutive patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias or ischemic ventricular tachycardia (VT) were studied. In the latter group, a combined endocardial and epicardial ablation was performed...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Payam Safavi-Naeini, Dreema Zafar-Awan, Hongjian Zhu, Gerardo Zablah, Anand V Ganapathy, Abdi Rasekh, Mohammad Saeed, Joanna Esther Molina Razavi, Mehdi Razavi
INTRODUCTION: Current methods for measuring voltage during radiofrequency (RF) ablation (RFA) necessitate turning off the ablation catheter. If voltage could be accurately read without signal attenuation during RFA, turning off the catheter would be unnecessary, allowing continuous ablation. We evaluated the accuracy of the Thermocool SMARTTOUCH catheter for measuring voltage while RF traverses the catheter. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 26 patients undergoing RFA for arrhythmias...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Zhaoye Zhou, Qi Jin, Long Yu, Liqun Wu, Bin He
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of atrial electrophysiological properties is crucial for clinical intervention of atrial arrhythmias and the investigation of the underlying mechanism. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of a novel noninvasive cardiac electrical imaging technique in imaging bi-atrial activation sequences from body surface potential maps (BSPMs). METHODS: The study includes 7 subjects, with 3 atrial flutter patients, and 4 healthy subjects with normal atrial activations...
2016: PloS One
Vishal Luther, Nick W F Linton, Shahnaz Jamil-Copley, Michael Koa-Wing, Phang Boon Lim, Norman Qureshi, Fu Siong Ng, Sajad Hayat, Zachary Whinnett, D Wyn Davies, Nicholas S Peters, Prapa Kanagaratnam
BACKGROUND: Post-infarct ventricular tachycardia is associated with channels of surviving myocardium within scar characterized by fractionated and low-amplitude signals usually occurring late during sinus rhythm. Conventional automated algorithms for 3-dimensional electro-anatomic mapping cannot differentiate the delayed local signal of conduction within the scar from the initial far-field signal generated by surrounding healthy tissue. Ripple mapping displays every deflection of an electrogram, thereby providing fully informative activation sequences...
June 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Yasuo Okumura, Ichiro Watanabe, Kazuki Iso, Koichi Nagashima, Kazumasa Sonoda, Naoko Sasaki, Rikitake Kogawa, Keiko Takahashi, Kimie Ohkubo, Toshiko Nakai, Shiro Nakahara, Yuuichi Hori, Atsushi Hirayama
BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of an automated lesion tagging module based on catheter stability information (VisiTag) with the CARTO system during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation remains to be established. We investigated whether VisiTag-guided extensive encircling pulmonary vein isolation (EEPVI) produces durable lesions. METHODS: The study involved 54 patients undergoing EEPVI for paroxysmal AF. We performed EEPVI guided by the module-generated ablation tags, i...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Takahiko Kinjo, Shingo Sasaki, Masaomi Kimura, Shingen Owada, Daisuke Horiuchi, Kenichi Sasaki, Taihei Itoh, Yuji Ishida, Yoshihiro Shoji, Kimitaka Nishizaki, Yuichi Tsushima, Hirofumi Tomita, Ken Okumura
BACKGROUNDS: Postpacing interval (PPI) measured after entrainment pacing describes the distance between pacing site and reentrant circuit. However, the influential features to PPI remain to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 22 cases with slow/fast atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), 14 orthodromic AV reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) using an accessary pathway, 22 typical atrial flutter (AFL), and 18 other macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (atypical AFL)...
August 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Ibrahim Marai, Mahmoud Suleiman, Miry Blich, Jonathan Lessick, Sobhi Abadi, Monther Boulos
AIM: To investigate the impact of using computed tomography (CT) and contact force (CF) technology on recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmia after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS: This non-randomized study included 2 groups of patients. All patients had symptomatic recurrent paroxysmal or persistent AF and were treated with at least 1 anti arrhythmic medication or intolerant to medication. The first group included 33 patients who underwent circumferential pulmonary veins isolation (PVI) for AF during 2012 and 2013 guided by CT image integration (Cartomerge, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, United States) of left atrium and pulmonary veins into an electroanatomic mapping (EAM) system (CT group) using standard irrigated radiofrequency catheter (ThermoCool, Carto, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, United States) or irrigated catheter with integrated CF sensor (Smart Touch, Carto, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, United States)...
April 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Ken Okumura, Shingo Sasaki, Masaomi Kimura, Daisuke Horiuchi, Kenichi Sasaki, Taihei Itoh, Hirofumi Tomita, Yuji Ishida, Takahiko Kinjo
BACKGROUND: By using a noncontact mapping system, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive atrial tachycardia (ATP-AT) originating from the atrioventricular (AV) node vicinity was successfully ablated at the entrance to the slow conduction zone indicated by the manifest entrainment technique. We aimed to prospectively validate the efficacy of the combination of CARTO electroanatomical mapping and manifest entrainment in ablating this ATP-AT. METHODS: Of the 27 AT patients from January 2013 to March 2014, 6 patients with sustained ATP-AT were studied (age, 67±13 years; tachycardia cycle length, 350±95 ms)...
April 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
Shouvik Haldar, Andreu Porta-Sanchez, Erwin Oechslin, Eugene Downar, Lee Benson, Krishnakumar Nair
A 26-year-old woman with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) had undergone a double-switch corrective surgery consisting of a Mustard procedure (bovine pericardial baffles and hemashield grafts) and arterial switch (Jatene technique). She subsequently developed drug refractory atrial flutter and underwent ablation. An Agilis sheath (St Jude Medical, USA) and a long BRK 1 needle was used for the transbaffle puncture guided by transoesophageal echocardiography. Activation maps of the systemic venous antrum (SVA) and then the PVA (Fig...
April 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Hariharan Raju, John Whitaker, Carly Taylor, Matthew Wright
BACKGROUND: We evaluated Carto 3, transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) and contact force (CF) sensing catheter in atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. METHODS: Unselected consecutive ablations performed under general anaesthesia (GA) were studied with modified protocol (cases, n=11) and compared to retrospective consecutive controls (n=10). Patent foramen ovale (PFO) or single transseptal puncture enabled left atrial (LA) access; ablation strategy was stepwise approach...
July 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Tang Ribo, Dong Jianzeng, Liu Xiaohui, Shang Meisheng, Yu Ronghui, Long Deyong, Du Xin, Kang Junping, Wu Jiahui, Ning Man, Sang Caihua, Jiang Chenxi, Bai Rong, Li Songnan, Yao Yan, Wen Songnan, Ma Changsheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore if CHA2DS2 VASc score can predict substrate for persistent atrial fibrillation ( AF) and outcome post catheter ablation of AF. METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2012,116 patients underwent catheter ablation of persistent AF in our department and were enrolled in this study. CHA2DS2VASc score was calculated as follows: two points were assigned for a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack and age ≥ 75 and 1 point each was assigned for age ≥ 65, a history of hypertension, diabetes,recent cardiac failure, vessel disease, female...
August 2015: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Tiago P Almeida, Gavin S Chu, João L Salinet, Frederique J Vanheusden, Xin Li, Jiun H Tuan, Peter J Stafford, G André Ng, Fernando S Schlindwein
Ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF) targeting complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) detected by automated algorithms has produced conflicting outcomes in previous electrophysiological studies. We hypothesize that the differences in these algorithms could lead to discordant CFAE classifications by the available mapping systems, giving rise to potential disparities in CFAE-guided ablation. This study reports the results of a head-to-head comparison of CFAE detection performed by NavX (St...
February 25, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Lakshmi Nagaraju, Dipika Menon, Peter F Aziz
BACKGROUND: Radiation exposure related to medical procedures carries known medical risk. Electrophysiology (EP) and catheter ablation procedures are traditionally performed under fluoroscopic guidance. Three-dimensional (3D) electroanatomical navigation systems decrease or eliminate fluoroscopy use in EP procedures. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and outcome of a minimal or no fluoroscopic electroanatomical mapping approach for catheter ablations for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in the pediatric population...
June 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Gábor Széplaki, László Gellér, Emin Evren Özcan, Tamás Tahin, Orsolya Mária Kovács, Nóra Parázs, Júlia Karády, Pál Maurovich-Horvat, Szabolcs Szilágyi, István Osztheimer, Attila Tóth, Béla Merkely
PURPOSE: Electroanatomical mapping is a useful tool during the ablation of atrial fibrillation. Respiratory movement might influence the mapping accuracy and merging. This study aims to investigate the effect of respiratory gating on the accuracy of magnetic-field-based electroanatomical mapping under spontaneous respiration. METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive patients (35 male, aged 30-78 years) who underwent left atrial radiofrequency catheter ablation due to atrial fibrillation were included...
August 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Jason See, Jonah L Amora, Sheldon Lee, Paul Lim, Wee Siong Teo, Boon Yew Tan, Kah Leng Ho, Chee Wan Lee, Chi-Keong Ching
INTRODUCTION: The use of non-fluoroscopic systems (NFS) to guide radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is associated with lower radiation exposure. This study aimed to determine if NFS reduces fluoroscopy time, radiation dose and procedure time. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients undergoing RFCA for SVT. NFS included EnSiteTM NavXTM or CARTO® mapping. We compared procedure and fluoroscopy times, and radiation exposure between NFS and conventional fluoroscopy (CF) cohorts...
July 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Radu Rosu, Gabriel Cismaru, Lucian Muresan, Mihai Puiu, Marius Andronache, Gabriel Gusetu, Dana Pop, Petru-Adrian Mircea, Dumitru Zdrenghea
A 60-year-old male patient with previous myocardial infarction (30 years ago) presented to our cardiology department for sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. The patient presented multiple episodes of tachycardia treated by his internal cardiac defibrillator. Radiofrequency ablation was proposed as curative treatment. The mechanism of the ventricular tachycardia was demonstrated by electrophysiological study using three-dimensional mapping system: Carto 3 (Biosense Webster). Ventricular tachycardia was induced either mechanically or by programmed ventricular stimulation...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Bernard Abi-Saleh, Hadi Skouri, Daniel J Cantillon, Jeffery Fowler, Oussama Wazni, Patrick Tchou, Walid Saliba
BACKGROUND: Left atrial flutter following atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is increasingly common and difficult to treat. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of ablation of the anteroseptal line connecting the right superior pulmonary vein (RSPV) to the anteroseptal mitral annulus (MA) for the treatment of perimitral flutter (PMF). METHODS: We systematically studied patients who were previously treated with AF ablation and who presented to the electrophysiology laboratory with atrial tachyarrhythmias between January 2000 and July 2010...
December 2015: Journal of Arrhythmia
Felix Bourier, Tilko Reents, Sonia Ammar-Busch, Verena Semmler, Marta Telishevska, Marc Kottmaier, Carsten Lennerz, Christian Grebmer, Christof Kolb, Isabel Deisenhofer, Gabriele Hessling
BACKGROUND: Transseptal puncture for left atrial (LA) access is still mainly performed using fluoroscopy and transesophageal or intracardiac echocardiography. We present an easily applicable approach for the guidance of transseptal puncture that uses the combination of a 3D-mapping system and CT-derived 3D-overlayed anatomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A computer tomographic (CT) LA-angiography was performed in n = 65 patients prior to a scheduled atrial fibrillation ablation procedure...
March 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Tomasz Senderek, Jacek Bednarek, Jacek Lelakowski
UNLABELLED: Only several world-leading centers have summarized outcomes of invasive therapy of ventricular arrhythmia. AIM: The aim of the work is to compare the effectiveness of RF ablation of ventricular arrhythmia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 183 patients (111 males, mean age 50 ± 17) underwent RF ablation of ventricular ecopic beats (VEB). Retrospective analysis of procedural protocols, in- and outpatient medical records was performed. RF ablation was done using electroanatomical CARTO system, Pacemapping or both methods (CARTO + Pacemapping)...
November 2015: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Paweł Derejko, Justyna Rybicka, Elżbieta Katarzyna Biernacka, Franciszek Walczak, Mirosław Kowalski, Piotr Urbanek, Robert Bodalski, Michał Orczykowski, Artur Oręziak, Joanna Duliban, Piotr Hoffman, Łukasz Szumowski
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachyarrhythmias are a leading source of morbidity and mortality after Fontan-type surgery and antiarrhythmic drug therapy is often ineffective in these patients (pts). AIM: The aim of the study was to determine acute and long term outcome of radiofrequency ablation for atrial tachycardia (AT) in patients after Fontan operation, as well as to provide clinical, electrophysiological and electroanatomical characteristics of these arrhythmias. METHODS: Data of 8 patients (5M, 3F) after Fontan surgery who underwent ablation for ATs between 2002 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 17, 2015: Kardiologia Polska
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