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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817327/violent-death-reporting-in-maryland-demographic-variability-in-data-completeness
#1
Meghan L Smith, Adebola A Akinyemi, Jennifer L Stanley, Clifford S Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the completeness of precipitating circumstance information recorded in the Maryland Violent Death Reporting System and identify limitations that could affect the system's utility. METHODS: We reviewed all violent deaths among Maryland residents for the years 2003 through 2014 (n = 19 161). We assessed the presence of precipitating circumstance data (abstracted from medical examiner and police reports) by manner of death and demographic characteristics...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813541/reflections-on-medical-tourism-from-the-2016-global-healthcare-policy-and-management-forum
#2
Valorie A Crooks, Meghann Ormond, Ki Nam Jin
In October 2016, the Global Healthcare Policy and Management Forum was held at Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea. The goal of the forum was to discuss the role of the state in regulating and supporting the development of medical tourism. Forum attendees came from 10 countries. In this short report article, we identify key lessons from the forum that can inform the direction of future scholarly engagement with medical tourism. In so doing, we reference on-going scholarly debates about this global health services practice that have appeared in multiple venues, including this very journal...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801785/-treatment-strategies-for-mass-casualty-incidents-and-terrorist-attacks-in-trauma-and-vascular-surgery-presentation-of-a-treatment-concept
#3
REVIEW
B Friemert, A Franke, D Bieler, A Achatz, D Hinck, M Engelhardt
The treatment of patients in the context of mass casualty incidents (MCI) represents a great challenge for the participating rescue workers and clinics. Due to the increase in terrorist activities it is necessary to become familiar with this new kind of threat to civilization with respect to the medical treatment of victims of terrorist attacks. There are substantial differences between a "normal" MCI and a terrorist MCI with respect to injury patterns (blunt trauma vs. penetrating/perforating trauma), the type and form of the incident (MCI=static situation vs...
August 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797851/palliative-care-development-in-georgia
#4
Nina Kiknadze, Pati Dzotsenidze
Georgia has established the foundational measures for a national palliative care program-policy, education, drug availability, and implementation. Amendments to legislation needed to develop palliative care have been approved. Palliative care has been recognized as a subspecialty in oncology, critical care, internal medicine and surgery. The National Plan for Palliative Care for 2011-2016 was approved. Opioids, especially oral morphine, are available on a limited basis for patients at home but oral morphine is not available for patients in the hospital...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771646/assessing-disaster-preparedness-among-select-children-s-summer-camps-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#5
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760164/acute-chemical-incidents-with-injured-first-responders-2002-2012
#6
Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Alice Yang, Maureen Orr
Introduction First responders, including firefighters, police officers, emergency medical services, and company emergency response team members, have dangerous jobs that can bring them in contact with hazardous chemicals among other dangers. Limited information is available on responder injuries that occur during hazardous chemical incidents. METHODS: We analyzed 2002-2012 data on acute chemical incidents with injured responders from 2 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry chemical incident surveillance programs...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760099/the-utility-of-outpatient-commitment-ii-mortality-risk-and-protecting-health-safety-and-quality-of-life
#7
Steven P Segal, Stephania L Hayes, Lachlan Rimes
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the contribution of a form of outpatient commitment-community treatment orders (CTOs)-to mortality risk and quality of life of patients with severe mental illness. METHODS: Data (2000--2012) were obtained from the Australian National Death Index, Victoria Department of Health, Victoria police records, and National Outcomes and CaseMix Collection quality-of-life records for patients in the Victorian Psychiatric Case Register/RAPID with a history of psychiatric hospitalization: CTO cohort, N=11,424; non-CTO cohort, N=16,161...
August 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748983/design-planning-and-management-of-the-hospital-custody-unit-at-hospital-universitario-fundaci%C3%A3-n-alcorc%C3%A3-n
#8
C de la Fuente-Martín, B de la Fuente Martín, E Grifol-Clar
OBJECTIVE: The design and management of a Hospital Custody Unit at Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, to focus the aim of this study on specialized medical care for extra-penitentiary patients who have suffered from a disease. We are building a new space to facilitate their daily lives at hospital and we want to offer a double function to the patients that consists of a custody space and a health rehabilitation space. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a scientific literature search on the international and national databases, about Hospital Custody Units or Restricted Access Units...
December 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745160/student-life-prospect-of-police-interview-daunted-me-but-was-my-duty
#9
Ann Marie Wagstaff
I was involved in an investigation of the death of a patient following a medication error.
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734745/why-are-some-people-who-have-received-overdose-education-and-naloxone-reticent-to-call-emergency-medical-services-in-the-event-of-overdose
#10
Stephen Koester, Shane R Mueller, Lisa Raville, Sig Langegger, Ingrid A Binswanger
BACKGROUND: Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) training for persons who inject drugs (PWID) underlines the importance of summoning emergency medical services (EMS). To encourage PWID to do so, Colorado enacted a Good Samaritan law providing limited immunity from prosecution for possession of a controlled substance and/or drug paraphernalia to the overdose victim and the witnesses who in good faith provide emergency assistance. This paper examines the law's influence by describing OEND trained PWIDs' experience reversing overdoses and their decision about calling for EMS support...
July 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728905/perceptions-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-among-infection-control-professionals-in-taiwan
#11
Yuan-Pin Hung, Jen-Chieh Lee, Hsiao-Ju Lin, Chun-Wei Chiu, Jia-Ling Wu, Hsiao-Chieh Liu, I-Hsiu Huang, Pei-Jane Tsai, Wen-Chien Ko
BACKGROUND: High Clostridium difficile colonization and infection rates among hospitalized patients had been noted in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the cognition about clinical diagnosis and management of CDI among infection control professionals in Taiwan is not clear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 24-item survey questionnaire about the diagnosis, therapy, or infection control policies toward CDI was distributed in the annual meeting of the Infectious Disease Society of Taiwan (IDST) in October 2015 and Infectious Control Society of Taiwan (ICST) in April 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#12
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703259/-evaluation-of-referral-and-intervention-patterns-at-the-psychiatric-emergency-service-utrecht-2009-2015
#13
M H Hoek, A W Braam
Emergency psychiatric care in the Netherlands is provided mainly by community mental health services. Although these emergency services vary in their approach per region, they show many similarities: they tend to receive referrals from the same type of agencies and they practice similar techniques of crisis management.<br/> AIM: To identify some of the patterns that appear in the type of psychiatric problems encountered, the type of referral agencies involved and in the intervention strategies practiced by the psychiatric emergency service in Utrecht...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687709/the-effects-of-public-access-defibrillation-on-survival-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#14
Josefine Bækgaard, Søren Viereck, Thea Møller, Annette Ersbøll, Freddy Lippert, Fredrik Folke
Background -Despite recent advances, the average survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains below 10%. Early defibrillation by an automated external defibrillator (AED) is the most important intervention for OHCA patients, showing survival proportions above 50%. Accordingly, placement of AEDs in the community as part of a public access defibrillation program (PAD) is recommended by international guidelines. However, different strategies have been proposed on how exactly to increase and make use of public available AEDs...
July 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665694/surveying-the-opinions-of-pennsylvania-chiefs-of-police-toward-officers-carrying-and-administering-naloxone
#15
Paul A Smyser, Jeffrey S Lubin
BACKGROUND: Recent legislation in Pennsylvania allows police officers to administer naloxone to individuals in an opioid overdose. Pressure has subsequently been placed on police departments to adopt naloxone programs. OBJECTIVE: To survey Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police regarding potential obstacles to officer-administered naloxone, and their overall opinion toward such programs. METHODS: A confidential survey was administered at the Annual Conference for the Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police Association and online over the organization's listserv...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656957/-the-contribution-of-e-o-mukhin-to-the-development-of-forensic-medicine-in-russia-during-the-first-half-of-the-xixth-century-on-the-occasion-of-his-250th-birthday-anniversary
#16
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin
Efrem Osipovich Mukhin, actual state councilor, was a known surgeon, anatomist, physiologist, toxicologist, and hygienist. He is honoured as one of the founders of the Russian school of forensic medical expertise and traumatology. During 22 years, E.O. Mukhin headed the Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Forensic Medicine at the Moscow Imperial University where he taught forensic medicine, anatomy, physiology, toxicology, and medical police. He was the first Russian scientist to develop the fundamentals of reflexology and most comprehensively present the problem of integration of the organism and its environment...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622159/weeding-out-the-justification-for-marijuana-treatment-in-patients-with-developmental-and-behavioral-conditions
#17
Theodora Nelson, Yi Hui Liu, Kara S Bagot, Martin T Stein
Alex is a 13-year-old adolescent with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type, anxiety, and depression. He has been resistant to engaging in therapy and treatment with various medications has been unsuccessful. Alex's parents are concerned about his anxiety, isolation, oppositional behaviors, academic underachievement, truancy, and substance use. A recent altercation with his stepfather led to a police intervention and a brief removal of Alex from the home...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#18
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605305/attitudes-toward-medical-cannabis-legalization-among-serbian-medical-students
#19
Isidora Vujcic, Aleksandar Pavlovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Jadranka Maksimovic, Aleksandra Nikolic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
BACKGROUND: Currently, medical cannabis polices are experiencing rapid changes, and an increasing number of nations around the world legalize medical cannabis for certain groups of patients, including those in Serbia. OBJECTIVES: To determine medical students' attitudes toward medical cannabis legalization and to examine the factors influencing their attitudes. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, had participated in a cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604931/motor-vehicle-crash-risk-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Allison E Curry, Kristina B Metzger, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Michael R Elliott, Flaura K Winston, Thomas J Power
Importance: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often persists into adolescence, when motor vehicle crash risk peaks. We know little about when adolescents with ADHD get licensed and, once they do, the extent to which they have increased crash risk compared with adolescents without ADHD. Objectives: To examine the association between ADHD and both driver licensing and crash involvement and whether it varies by sex, licensing age, and/or being prescribed ADHD medication at licensure...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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