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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630845/multi-foci-salmonella-enteritis-osteomyelitis-of-thoracic-spine-with-pleural-effusion-and-fatal-outcome-a-unique-case-presentation-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Ioannis Papaioannou, Andreas Baikousis, Panagiotis Korovessis
INTRODUCTION: A case of thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis due to Salmonella enteritis (SE) in an immunocompetent patient is reported. This is the third case in the literature of SE thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis, but the first one with this multi-foci presentation and finally fatal outcome due to meningoencephalitis. Further data that makes our case unique are the absence of fever (body temperature: 37.4°C) and gastrointestinal disorders. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old male patient initially presented with thoracic pain, dyspnea, and knee pain...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630844/multifocal-septic-arthritis-secondary-to-infective-endocarditis-a-rare-case-report
#2
Pavandeep Soor, Nikhil Sharma, Chandra Rao
INTRODUCTION: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare cause of septic arthritis. We report a patient who presented with multifocal septic arthritis as a result of IE, which is an extremely rare condition. CASE REPORT: This 69-year-old gentleman presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 3-day history of acute right knee pain. Initial investigations demonstrated chondrocalcinosis on knee radiographs, acute renal failure with rhabdomyolysis and a CRP of 520. After treatment with intravenous fluid rehydration and analgesia, the knee aspiration grew a Group B Streptococcus, and the patient underwent arthroscopic washout...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629905/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons-guideline-for-the-perioperative-management-of-antirheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-undergoing-elective-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Susan M Goodman, Bryan Springer, Gordon Guyatt, Matthew P Abdel, Vinod Dasa, Michael George, Ora Gewurz-Singer, Jon T Giles, Beverly Johnson, Steve Lee, Lisa A Mandl, Michael A Mont, Peter Sculco, Scott Sporer, Louis Stryker, Marat Turgunbaev, Barry Brause, Antonia F Chen, Jeremy Gililland, Mark Goodman, Arlene Hurley-Rosenblatt, Kyriakos Kirou, Elena Losina, Ronald MacKenzie, Kaleb Michaud, Ted Mikuls, Linda Russell, Alexander Sah, Amy S Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Adolph Yates
OBJECTIVE: This collaboration between the American College of Rheumatology and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons developed an evidence-based guideline for the perioperative management of antirheumatic drug therapy for adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergoing elective total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628471/haematological-involvement-associated-with-a-mild-autoinflammatory-phenotype-in-two-patients-carrying-the-e250k-mutation-of-pstpip1
#4
Elena Belelli, Chiara Passarelli, Manuela Pardeo, Dirk Holzinger, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Antonella Insalaco
OBJECTIVES: Hyperzincaemia/hypercalprotectinemia (Hz/Hc) syndrome is a recently described condition caused by a specific de novo mutation (E250K) affecting PSTPIP1 gene. It has a phenotype distinct from classical pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and acne (PAPA) syndrome that includes severe systemic and cutaneous inflammation, hepatosplenomegaly, arthritis without sequelae, pancytopenia and failure to thrive. METHODS: We describe an 8-year-old boy who presented recurrent right knee swelling mimicking septic arthritis and persistent bone marrow involvement, without cutaneous involvement...
June 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627937/the-safety-of-intra-articular-injections-for-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-critical-narrative-review
#5
Christelle Nguyen, François Rannou
International guidelines recommend that the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) combine both nonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions. Intra-articular (IA) therapies are considered part of this multimodal approach and are well-established Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved treatments. Areas covered. Safety data for knee OA, including IA corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma and botulinum toxin are critically reviewed, and evidence- and pratice-based measures to improve safety of IA therapies are discussed...
June 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620968/clinical-practice-guidelines-incorporating-input-from-a-patient-panel
#6
Susan M Goodman, Amy S Miller, Marat Turgunbaev, Gordon Guyatt, Adolph Yates, Bryan Springer, Jasvinder A Singh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the integral role of a Patient Panel in the development of the 2017 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) clinical practice guideline. METHODS: We convened a Panel of 11 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis, all of whom had undergone 1 or more arthroplasties, to review the evidence and provide guidance on recommendations for the 2017 ACR/AAHKS guideline to address the perioperative management of antirheumatic medication in patients with rheumatic diseases undergoing elective total hip or total knee arthroplasty...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620948/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons-guideline-for-the-perioperative-management-of-antirheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-undergoing-elective-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Susan M Goodman, Bryan Springer, Gordon Guyatt, Matthew P Abdel, Vinod Dasa, Michael George, Ora Gewurz-Singer, Jon T Giles, Beverly Johnson, Steve Lee, Lisa A Mandl, Michael A Mont, Peter Sculco, Scott Sporer, Louis Stryker, Marat Turgunbaev, Barry Brause, Antonia F Chen, Jeremy Gililland, Mark Goodman, Arlene Hurley-Rosenblatt, Kyriakos Kirou, Elena Losina, Ronald MacKenzie, Kaleb Michaud, Ted Mikuls, Linda Russell, Alexander Sah, Amy S Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Adolph Yates
OBJECTIVE: This collaboration between the American College of Rheumatology and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons developed an evidence-based guideline for the perioperative management of antirheumatic drug therapy for adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergoing elective total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620917/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-american-association-of-hip-and-knee-surgeons-guideline-for-the-perioperative-management-of-antirheumatic-medication-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-undergoing-elective-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Susan M Goodman, Bryan Springer, Gordon Guyatt, Matthew P Abdel, Vinod Dasa, Michael George, Ora Gewurz-Singer, Jon T Giles, Beverly Johnson, Steve Lee, Lisa A Mandl, Michael A Mont, Peter Sculco, Scott Sporer, Louis Stryker, Marat Turgunbaev, Barry Brause, Antonia F Chen, Jeremy Gililland, Mark Goodman, Arlene Hurley-Rosenblatt, Kyriakos Kirou, Elena Losina, Ronald MacKenzie, Kaleb Michaud, Ted Mikuls, Linda Russell, Alexander Sah, Amy S Miller, Jasvinder A Singh, Adolph Yates
OBJECTIVE: This collaboration between the American College of Rheumatology and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons developed an evidence-based guideline for the perioperative management of antirheumatic drug therapy for adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA) including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergoing elective total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618871/five-year-follow-up-of-knee-joint-distraction-clinical-benefit-and-cartilaginous-tissue-repair-in-an-open-uncontrolled-prospective-study
#9
Jan-Ton A D van der Woude, Karen Wiegant, Peter M van Roermund, Femke Intema, Roel J H Custers, Felix Eckstein, Jaap M van Laar, Simon C Mastbergen, Floris P J G Lafeber
Objective In end-stage knee osteoarthritis, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may finally become inevitable. At a relatively young age, this comes with the risk of future revision surgery. Therefore, in these cases, joint preserving surgery such as knee joint distraction (KJD) is preferred. Here we present 5-year follow-up data of KJD. Design Patients ( n = 20; age <60 years) with conservative therapy resistant tibiofemoral osteoarthritis considered for TKA were treated. Clinical evaluation was performed by questionnaires...
July 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615978/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-cancer-patients-with-post-chemotherapy-arthritis-a-retrospective-case-series-report
#10
Hani Almoallim, Sultana Abdulaziz, Eilaf Fallatah, Haya Alhazmi, Nuha Meraiani, Tuqa Bazuhair, Mohammed Mansour, Anan Tayeb, Omar Fathaldin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to describe the demographics, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with cancer presenting with arthritis following chemotherapy in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series report. We included any patient ≥18 years of age with an established diagnosis of cancer who had received standard therapeutic intervention and was subsequently diagnosed with arthritis after developing rheumatic symptoms either during or after treatment...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607793/the-case-of-reactive-arthritis-secondary-to-echinococcus-infestation
#11
Bülent Alım, Sinan Çetinel, M Alperen Servi, Fahrettin Bostancı, Mehmet Ozan Bingöl
Reactive arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that develops after an infection and it usually occurs following a gastrointestinal or genitourinary system infection and it belongs to the family of arthritis called "spondyloarthritis." We wanted to represent a rare case of reactive arthritis secondary to Echinococcus infestation. Cyst hydatid disease is common in endemic regions like Turkey. Internal organ involvements, especially liver and lung, are most frequent involvements. Primary bone involvement is rare complication of Echinococcus infestation...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606166/poncet-s-disease-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-case-report
#12
Enoch Omonge, Fredrick Otieno, Mary Kubo, Betty Shiruli
BACKGROUND: Poncet's disease is a rare reactive polyarthritis associated with active tuberculosis and no evidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the affected joint. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 35 year old Human Immunodeficiency Virus positive Kenyan male of Kikuyu ethnicity from Kiambu County who presented to hospital with a 6 day history of bilateral knee pain and swelling, bilateral ankle pain with right ankle swelling. The patient reported 6 months history of cough and weight loss...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605749/radiculopathy-in-a-patient-with-chronic-tophaceus-gout-vertebral-imaging
#13
Joana Borges, Cláudia Miguel, Susana Fernandes, Rui Leitão, Augusto Faustino
INTRODUCTION: Spinal involvement is infrequent in chronic gout. However, some cases of back pain with radiculopathy secondary to this etiology have been reported. CASE REPORT: 56-year old male patient, with history of arterial hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, glucose intolerance and alcohol abuse, diagnosed with gout in his fifth decade of life. The patient was started on urate lowering therapy, with poor compliance, and evolved with sustained hyperuricemia, recurrent episodes of arthritis, and growth of gouty tophi on the elbows, wrists, hands and knees...
June 2, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602782/associations-between-serum-ghrelin-and-knee-symptoms-joint-structures-and-cartilage-or-bone-biomarkers-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
J Wu, K Wang, J Xu, G Ruan, Q Zhu, J Cai, J Ren, S Zheng, Z Zhu, P Otahal, C Ding
OBJECTIVE: The roles of ghrelin in knee osteoarthritis (OA) are unclear. This study aimed to examine cross-sectional associations of ghrelin with knee symptoms, joint structures and cartilage or bone biomarkers in patients with knee OA. METHODS: This study included 146 patients with symptomatic knee OA. Serum levels of ghrelin and cartilage or bone biomarkers including cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), cross linked C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTXI), cross linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTXI), N-terminal procollagen III propeptide (PIIINP), and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, 10, 13 were measured using Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
June 15, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602534/bilateral-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties-average-10-year-follow-up
#15
John B Meding, Philip M Faris, Ken E Davis
BACKGROUND: The present study investigates the clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with all 4 major lower extremity joints replaced. METHODS: A retrospective review of our institution's database identified 125 patients in whom both hips and both knees were replaced. The mean time between the first and last arthroplasty was 6.6 years. Preoperative diagnoses included osteoarthritis in 80% and rheumatoid arthritis in 20%. The average age at the time of the first arthroplasty was 63...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599946/a-58-year-old-man-with-fatigue-weight%C3%A2-loss-and-diffuse-miliary-pulmonary%C3%A2-opacities
#16
Udit Chaddha, Rebekah English, Jessica Daniels, Rajat Walia, Atul C Mehta, Tanmay S Panchabhai
A 58-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of profound fatigue and a weight loss of 35 to 40 pounds. He reported occasional night sweats and mildly painful knees and elbows without swelling or redness. He denied respiratory symptoms, rashes, or fevers. He had no respiratory symptoms. The patient's history was significant for rheumatoid arthritis (with arthralgias and joint involvement), paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, and hypothyroidism. His medications included digoxin and metoprolol. He had been taking methotrexate and low-dose prednisone (5 mg) for approximately 10 years but discontinued taking these medications 2 years prior to current presentation...
June 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594501/prevention-and-diagnosis-of-periprosthetic-knee-infection
#17
Bilal Mahmood, Mouhanad M El-Othmani, William M Mihalko, William A Jiranek, Wayne G Paprosky, Khaled J Saleh
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become an increasingly common treatment option for patients who have debilitating knee arthritis. TKA is a relatively safe and efficient procedure that results in promising outcomes and has a positive effect on a patient's quality of life. More TKAs are being performed annually because the procedure substantially reduces pain and improves functionality; however, as the number of TKAs continues to rise, there is concern for potential complications that may result in prosthetic joint failure...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594500/patellofemoral-arthroplasty-an-evolving-science
#18
Jess H Lonner
Patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) has long been a clinical option for patients with isolated patellofemoral arthritis. However, a high rate of failure as a result of patellar instability related to component malposition, soft-tissue imbalance, errant surgical techniques, and poor trochlear implant designs contributed to the underutilization of PFA. The evolution of surgical indications, trochlear implant design, component positioning, and soft-tissue balance has led to improved patellar tracking, fewer failures related to patellar instability, and improved functional outcomes...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594498/bicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Nirav H Amin, Travis Scudday, Fred D Cushner
Knee arthritis is one of the leading causes of disability and functional limitations in the United States and worldwide. Total knee arthroplasty results in good functional outcomes and high survival rates in patients who have tricompartmental arthritis. Bicompartmental knee arthroplasty is being used more often in patients who have arthritis that is isolated to two compartments: the patellofemoral compartment and either the medial or the lateral compartment. Bicompartmental knee arthroplasty preserves the kinematics, ligaments, and bone stock of the knee and is a good option for younger, active, high-demand patients who wish to return to their previous level of activity...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593060/fracture-of-the-tibial-baseplate-16-years-after-miller-galante-ii-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Kazuaki Mineta, Masahiko Okada, Soshi Matsumoto, Daisuke Hamada, Tomohiro Goto, Koichi Sairyo
We report a rare case of tibial baseplate fracture of Miller-Galante II (MG II) prosthesis. We examine the factors that may cause such late fracture and review the literature on radiographic analysis and retrieval studies. A 76-year-old woman, who had undergone bilateral MG II total knee arthroplasty due to rheumatoid arthritis 16 years earlier, presented to our department with a 3-month history of left knee pain. Plain radiographs revealed severe distortion of the medial tibial component. During revision knee arthroplasty, we observed severe metallosis in the knee joint, polyethylene insert deformation, and posteromedial coronal baseplate fracture...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
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