keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Knee arthritis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785448/patella-alta-and-patellar-subluxation-might-lead-to-early-failure-with-inlay-patello-femoral-joint-arthroplasty
#1
J Beckmann, C Merz, J Huth, B Rath, C Schnurr, E Thienpont
PURPOSE: With the growing interest in resurfacing procedures, several new implants have been recently introduced for isolated patello-femoral joint arthroplasty (PFA). However, not much data are available for these new techniques or about the right indications for each type of implant. METHODS: Out of a retrospective cohort of 20 inlay PFA, 11 PFA with an elevated Insall-Salvati index and an increased patello-femoral congruence angle showed an initial satisfactory result, but presented thereafter with recurrent pain and "clunk" phenomena...
May 21, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785313/management-of-an-infected-nonunion-of-an-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-with-2-stage-implantation-of-rotating-hinge-knee-prosthesis
#2
Sandrine Mariaux, Olivier Borens
Introduction: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a frequent and effective treatment for unicompartmental gonarthritis. Only a few articles are focused on the treatment of infected nonunion. Patient and Method: A 50-year-old obese patient was operated on by medial opening-wedge HTO. She developed a painful nonunion treated by hardware removal, allograft, and plate fixation. However, the nonunion persisted. 2 years later, cellulitis appeared with an abscess adjacent to the HTO plate...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782593/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-joint-assessment-of-early-therapeutic-response-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-rituximab
#3
Pacôme Fosse, Marie-Joelle Kaiser, Gauthier Namur, Dominique de Seny, Michel G Malaise, Roland Hustinx
Background: 18 F-FDG PET/CT has been proposed in the evaluation of the disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The goals of this study were to evaluate the reproducibility of the technique, to compare metabolic parameters to clinical, biological and ultrasonographic parameters before and after treatment and to evaluate whether the early metabolic response was related to the outcome. 18 F- FDG PET/CT of the hands, wrists and knees was obtained in 15 patients with anti-TNFα refractory RA, at baseline and 16 weeks after treatment with rituximab...
2018: European journal of hybrid imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780263/a-pooled-analysis-of-two-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trials-of-a-single-intra-articular-injection-of-gel-200-for-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#4
Junko Takamura, Takayuki Seo, Vibeke Strand
Background and Objective: To perform an integrated analysis of 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the efficacy and safety of a single intra-articular injection of Gel-200 compared with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods: Data from the intention-to-treat (ITT) populations of both RCTs were pooled for this integrated analysis. Mean changes from baseline in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) pain subscores were assessed using a longitudinal model; treatment differences were compared between intra-articular Gel-200 and PBS injections...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780157/targeting-acquired-hemophilia-a-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-a-rituximab-shot-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Imad Ghozlani, Aziza Mounach, Mirieme Ghazi, Anass Kherrab, Radouane Niamane
BACKGROUND Acquired hemophilia A (AH) is a rare hemorrhagic diathesis, characterized by the presence of autoantibodies directed against the pro-coagulant activity of factor VIII. It is associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in 4% to 8% of cases and its prognosis remains severe. CASE REPORT A 66-year-old patient has been followed up for 20 years for deforming and severe RA, which was in low-disease activity. However, the patient presented a polyarticular flare involving the metacarpophalangeal and the proximal interphalangeal joints, the left elbow, and the right knee, which was warm and swollen...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773404/large-tibial-geode-which-developed-several-years-after-a-left-medial-oxford-unicondylar-knee-arthroplasty-treated-with-curettage-and-bone-grafting
#6
Matthew K Curran, James R Murray
BACKGROUND: Tibial geodes are rare, and usually reported in association with rheumatoid arthritis. This case study reported the rare occurrence of a tibial geode in association with a left unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA). The patient, a 55-year-old male, was initially pleased with his UKA, which was performed at another institution. However, just over one year after the operation he began experiencing pain and discomfort. He did not present to the current institution until he was six years after UKA...
May 14, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772343/brain-stimulation-differentially-modulates-nociception-and-inflammation-in-aversive-and-non-aversive-behavioural-conditions
#7
G S Bassi, A Kanashiro, G J Rodrigues, F Q Cunha, N C Coimbra, L Ulloa
Inflammation and pain are major clinical burdens contributing to multiple disorders and limiting the quality of life of patients. We previously reported that brain electrical stimulation can attenuate joint inflammation in experimental arthritis. Here, we report that non-aversive electrical stimulation of the locus coeruleus (LC), the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) or the ventrolateral column of the periaqueductal grey matter (vlPAG) decreases thermal pain sensitivity, knee inflammation and synovial neutrophilic infiltration in ratswith intra-articular zymosan...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771395/glucosamine-and-chondroitin-sulfate-what-has-been-learned-since-the-glucosamine-chondroitin-arthritis-intervention-trial
#8
Nicholas DiNubile
Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, alone or in combination, are used worldwide by individuals suffering from osteoarthritis pain. They are by prescription in some countries but are available as over-the-counter dietary supplements in other countries, such as the United States. The inconclusive results of the National Institutes of Health-sponsored Glucosamine/chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (GAIT) did little to clarify the efficacy of these agents. However, some newer studies have provided a better perspective on the potential benefits that they can offer...
May 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770589/short-term-follow-up-of-antibiotic-loaded-articulating-cement-spacers-in-two-stage-revision-of-infected-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#9
Meng-Qiang Tian, Xian-Teng Yang, Xiao-Bin Tian, Yun-Bo Sun, Yuan-Hui Duan, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: Infection of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare but devastating complication. Two-stage revision is an effective treatment for late infected TKA. This study aimed to assess the short-term results of two-stage revision using articulating antibiotic-loaded spacers. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (10 men and 15 women) were diagnosed with late infections after TKA and treated with two-stage revision from April 2006 to August 2010; 19 of these patients had TKA for osteoarthritis and 6 for rheumatoid arthritis...
May 17, 2018: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766248/imaging-of-the-knee-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Robert Hemke, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Anouk M Barendregt, J Merlijn van den Berg, Andrea S Doria, Mario Maas
In juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), imaging is increasingly used in clinical practice. In this paper we discuss imaging of the knee, the clinically most commonly affected joint in JIA. In the last decade, a number of important steps have been made in the development of imaging outcome measures in children with JIA knee involvement. Ultrasound is undergoing a fast validation process, which should be accomplished within the next few years. The validation processes of MRI as an imaging biomarker for clinical trials in the JIA knee are at an advanced stage, with important data available on the feasibility, reliability and validity of the Juvenile Arthritis MRI Scoring system...
June 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765185/the-immediate-effects-of-taping-therapy-on-knee-pain-and-depression-in-patients-with-degenerative-arthritis
#11
Ji-Won Han, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chi-Bok Park
[Purpose] This study aims to identify the immediate effects of taping therapy on knee pain and depression among patients with degenerative arthritis. [Subjects and Methods] In total, 32 patients with degenerative arthritis were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the experimental group that underwent taping therapy and the control group that underwent regular treatment (16 patients per group). In the experimental group, therapeutic tape was wrapped all around the knee joint. Pain and depression were measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762153/increased-mortality-and-reoperation-rates-after-treatment-for-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-in-people-who-inject-drugs-nationwide-inpatient-sample-2000-2013
#12
David Hyung Won Oh, Alysse Gail Wurcel, David Joseph Tybor, Deirdre Burke, Mariano E Menendez, Matthew Joseph Salzler
BACKGROUND: The United States has a growing opioid epidemic impacting all aspects of health care including orthopaedic surgery. Septic arthritis of the knee is a condition commonly encountered by orthopaedic surgeons related to opioid and injection drug use (IDU). Changes in the frequency of hospitalizations for IDU-related septic arthritis and differences in septic arthritis patient outcomes according to IDU status in the setting of the burgeoning opioid epidemic are unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What proportion of patients with septic arthritis of the knee use injection drugs? (2) Are there any differences in complications, reoperations, length of stay, and leaving against medical advice among patients with septic arthritis of the knee with and without IDU? (3) What are the age and racial trends in IDU-related septic arthritis of the knee from 2000 to 2013? METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample database of years 2000 to 2013 was utilized for patients between ages 15 and 64 years with a principal discharge diagnosis of native septic arthritis of the lower leg, the vast majority of which represents the knee...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761747/changes-in-hindfoot-alignment-after-high-or-low-tibial-osteotomy
#13
Jun Young Choi, Si Jung Song, Sung Jung Kim, Sang Hee Kim, Ji Soo Park, Jin Soo Suh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the change in hindfoot alignment after high (HTO) or low tibial osteotomy (LTO), which is commonly performed to prevent the progression of arthritis of the knee or ankle. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographic findings of patients who underwent HTO or LTO for arthritis with varus deformity of the knee or ankle joint. The hindfoot alignment view angle (HAVA), hindfoot alignment ratio (HAR), and hindfoot moment arm (HMA) were measured using the hindfoot alignment radiographs...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759083/hypertrophic-osteoarthropathy-mimicking-a-reactive-arthritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Francesco Bozzao, Stella Bernardi, Franca Dore, Lorenzo Zandonà, Fabio Fischetti
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can be secondary to various diseases, though mostly lung malignancies. Here, we report an unusual clinical presentation of HOA. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old man presented with fever, diarrhea, and an oligoarthritis involving the left knee and the ankles...
May 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757957/arthroprotective-effects-of-cf-02-sharing-structural-similarity-with-quercetin
#15
Feng-Cheng Liu, Jeng-Wei Lu, Chiao-Yun Chien, Hsu-Shan Huang, Chia-Chung Lee, Shiu-Bii Lien, Leou-Chyr Lin, Liv Weichien Chen, Yi-Jung Ho, Min-Chung Shen, Ling-Jun Ho, Jenn-Haung Lai
In this study, we synthesized hundreds of analogues based on the structure of small-molecule inhibitors (SMIs) that were previously identified in our laboratory with the aim of identifying potent yet safe compounds for arthritis therapeutics. One of the analogues was shown to share structural similarity with quercetin, a potent anti-inflammatory flavonoid present in many different fruits and vegetables. We investigated the immunomodulatory effects of this compound, namely 6-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2 H -benzo[ e ][1,3]oxazine-2,4(3 H )-dione (Cf-02), in a side-by-side comparison with quercetin...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753041/nociceptin-orphanin-fq-opioid-peptide-nop-receptor-and-%C3%A2%C2%B5-opioid-peptide-mop-receptors-both-contribute-to-the-anti-hypersensitive-effect-of-cebranopadol-in-a-rat-model-of-arthritic-pain
#16
Klaus Schiene, Wolfgang Schröder, Klaus Linz, Stefanie Frosch, Thomas M Tzschentke, Ulla Jansen, Thomas Christoph
Cebranopadol is a novel, first-in-class analgesic with agonist activity at the nociceptin/orphanin FQ opioid peptide (NOP) receptor as well as the classical opioid peptide receptors. This study investigated the anti-hypersensitive effect of cebranopadol in a rat model of arthritic pain. Selective antagonists were used to probe the involvement of the NOP receptor and the µ-opioid peptide (MOP) receptors. Experimental mono-arthritis was induced by intra-articular injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the left hind knee joint...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751535/therapeutic-potential-of-sclareol-in-experimental-models-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Sen-Wei Tsai, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Shiming Li, Shih-Chao Lin, Shun-Ping Wang, Caitlin W Lehman, Christopher Z Lien, Chi-Chien Lin
Previous studies have shown that the natural diterpene compound, sclareol, potentially inhibits inflammation, but it has not yet been determined whether sclareol can alleviate inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we utilized human synovial cell line, SW982, and an experimental murine model of rheumatoid arthritis, collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), to evaluate the therapeutic effects of sclareol in RA. Arthritic DBA/1J mice were dosed with 5 and 10 mg/kg sclareol intraperitoneally every other day over 21 days...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750315/mobilization-with-movement-and-kinesio-taping-in-knee-arthritis-evaluation-and-outcomes
#18
Hülya Altmış, Deran Oskay, Bülent Elbasan, İrem Düzgün, Zeynep Tuna
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of Mulligan mobilization with movement (MwM) and taping on function and pain intensity in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female patients aged between 40 and 70 years with knee OA participated in the study. The patients were divided into three groups and each group received different interventions. Group 1 received MwM and taping according to Mulligan's concept. Group 2 received MwM and placebo taping with no recovery effect and group 3 received placebo taping...
May 10, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748070/morphometric-tibial-implant-decreases-posterior-overhang-rate-and-improves-clinical-outcomes-results-of-a-prospective-matched-controlled-study
#19
Paul Bizzozero, Yassine Bulaid, Xavier Flecher, Matthieu Ollivier, Sébastien Parratte, Jean-Noel Argenson
BACKGROUND: Tibial implant's positioning in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) requires a compromise between implant's rotation and bone coverage. We hypothesized that morphometric tibial trays (MTTs) would improve implant positioning and clinical outcomes as compared with symmetrical tibial trays. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were included prospectively according to the following criteria: age from 18 to 85 years, body mass index <35 kg/m2 , and posterostabilized cemented TKA performed for primary arthritis...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742468/native-septic-arthritis-is-not-an-immediate-surgical-emergency
#20
Nicolas Lauper, Marie Davat, Ergys Gjika, Camillo Müller, Wilson Belaieff, Didier Pittet, Benjamin A Lipsky, Didier Hannouche, Ilker Uçkay
Acute native joint septic arthritis is generally considered a surgical emergency, requiring drainage within hours, including during night, weekend or holiday shifts. However, there are few data supporting the need for the disruption caused by this degree of urgency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult patients seen in our medical center from 1997-2015 with culture-proven septic arthritis and noted the epidemiology of sequelae, and their possible association with a delay in surgical drainage...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Infection
keyword
keyword
9179
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"