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Knee arthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323761/effect-of-land-based-generic-physical-activity-interventions-on-pain-physical-function-and-physical-performance-in-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Shanelle Fernandopulle, Meredith Perry, Donald Manlapaz, Prasath Jayakaran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of land-based generic physical activity interventions on pain, physical function, and physical performance in individuals with hip/knee osteoarthritis, when compared with a control group that received no intervention, minimal intervention, or usual care. METHODS: A systematic search for randomized controlled trials on 11 electronic databases (from their inception up until April 30, 2016) identified 27 relevant articles...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320048/dynamic-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-on-osteoarthritis-knee-pain
#2
Alan M Rathbun, Elizabeth A Stuart, Michelle Shardell, Michelle S Yau, Mona Baumgarten, Marc C Hochberg
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dynamic causal effects of depressive symptoms on osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain. METHODS: Marginal structural models were used to examine dynamic associations between depressive symptoms and pain over 48 months among older adults (n=2,287) with radiographic knee OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade=2 or 3) in the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Depressive symptoms at each annual visit were assessed (threshold = ≥ 16) using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318868/management-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-the-more-we-learn-the-less-we-know
#3
Robert A Henderson, Matthew S Austin
BACKGROUND: Despite the tremendous and long-standing success of total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty as treatments for end-stage arthritis, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a rare but feared complication of these procedures. METHODS: This review highlights some of the difficulties inherent to studying PJI. These include the difficulty in powering studies to capture this relatively uncommon complication, as well as the heterogeneity in clinical presentation and manifestations associated with the diagnosis and treatment of PJI...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317389/prp-for-degenerative-cartilage-disease
#4
Lior Laver, Niv Marom, Lad Dnyanesh, Omer Mei-Dan, João Espregueira-Mendes, Alberto Gobbi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the utilization of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for degenerative cartilage processes and evaluate whether there is sufficient evidence to better define its potential effects. DESIGN: Systematic literature reviews were conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane electronic databases till May 2015, using the keywords "platelet-rich plasma OR PRP OR autologous conditioned plasma OR ACP AND cartilage OR chondrocyte OR chondrogenesis OR osteoarthritis (OA) OR arthritis...
September 1, 2016: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304363/knee-viscosupplementation-cost-effectiveness-analysis-between-stabilized-hyaluronic-acid-in-a-single-injection-versus-five-injections-of-standard-hyaluronic-acid
#5
Francisco J Estades-Rubio, Alvaro Reyes-Martín, Victor Morales-Marcos, Mercedes García-Piriz, Juan J García-Vera, Macarena Perán, Juan A Marchal, Elvira Montañez-Heredia
Given the wide difference in price per vial between various presentations of hyaluronic acid, this study seeks to compare the effectiveness and treatment cost of stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) in a single injection with standard preparations of hyaluronic acid (HA) in five injections in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Fifty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence Grade II and III) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) pain score greater than 7, with a homogeneous distribution of age, sex, BMI, and duration of disease, were included in this study...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303384/spinopelvic-parameter-changes-and-low-back-pain-improvement-due-to-femoral-neck-anteversion-in-patients-with-severe-unilateral-primary-hip-osteoarthritis-undergoing-total-hip-replacement
#6
Andrea Piazzolla, Giuseppe Solarino, Davide Bizzoca, Viola Montemurro, Pedro Berjano, Claudio Lamartina, Biagio Moretti
PURPOSE: The study of the interrelation between hip and spine disorders is gaining increasing importance in the last years, but the link between Hip Osteoarthritis (HOA) and Low Back Pain (LBP) remains still unclear. Aim of the study is to assess the relationship between Femoral Neck Anteversion (FNA), LBP, and spinopelvic parameters in patients undergoing Total Hip Replacement (THR) for unilateral severe primary HOA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 91 patients were recruited...
March 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296768/difficult-clinical-management-of-antituberculosis-dress-syndrome-complicated-by-mrsa-infection-a-case-report
#7
Li Wang, Lin-Feng Li
RATIONALE: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a severe drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction characterized by skin rash, fever, blood abnormalities, and multiple organ involvement. The diagnosis of DRESS syndrome is often delayed because of its variable presentation. Prompt withdrawal of the culprit drug is the definitive treatment. DRESS syndrome induced by antituberculosis drugs has rarely been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old man admitted to our hospital with recurrent episodes of progressive rash, fever, eosinophilia, lymphadenopathy, hepatic, and pulmonary involvement were experienced after repeat trials of the same antituberculosis drugs...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293735/-knee-joint-pain-with-signs-of-arthrosis
#8
T T A Bender, M Marinova, L Radbruch, R Conrad, D Jobst, M Mücke
Chronic pain in the knee joint is most commonly caused by osteoarthritis, especially in elderly patients but can be due to other causes, such as rheumatoid arthritis. The diagnostics include an exact patient medical history and a clinical examination, which often already provide clear indications of the cause of the knee pain. Subsequently, further diagnostics can then be considered, such as radiological procedures and laboratory diagnostics. The treatment is determined by the cause and the individual patient and aims to reduce pain and to preserve the mobility of the joint...
March 14, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293455/viscosupplementation-of-the-knee-three-cases-of-acute-pseudoseptic-arthritis-with-painful-and-irritating-complications-and-a-literature-review
#9
Murat Aydın, Murat Arıkan, Güray Toğral, Onur Varış, Güle Aydın
Acute pseudoseptic arthritis is a very rare complication that is associated with intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections, which normally involve minimal risk. The most common adverse events that are caused by hyaluronic acid injections are inflammatory reactions or flares at the injection site. In this study, we described three cases of acute pseudoseptic arthritis that was caused by hyaluronic acid; the symptoms in these cases were reminiscent of acute septic arthritis. Moreover, we performed a literature review on pseudoseptic arthritis following hyaluronic acid injections to determine the manner in which this condition can be described, diagnosed, and treated...
March 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293449/subclinical-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-psoriasis-and-its-association-with-other-disease-parameters-a-power-doppler-ultrasonographic-study
#10
Abdelhafeez Moshrif, Ahmed Mosallam, Essam Elden M Mohamed, Wesam Gouda, Mostafa Doma
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of subclinical enthesopathy in patients with psoriasis using power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) and its association with other disease parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients with psoriasis (31 females) aged 19-70 years underwent a thorough clinical examination that included assessment of body mass index (BMI) and psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score. Measurements of inflammatory markers, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), serum uric acid, and plain radiography of the heels, knees, and sacroiliac joints were performed for all patients...
March 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292568/management-of-septic-arthritis-after-arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-standard-surgical-protocol
#11
Michael E Hantes, Vasilios A Raoulis, Nikolaos Doxariotis, Athanasios Drakos, Theofilos Karachalios, Konstantinos N Malizos
BACKGROUND: To report the incidence of septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and management of this complication using a specific treatment protocol. METHODS: All primary ACL reconstructions performed in our institution between January 2002 and January 2014 were included in this study. Time to presentation, clinical symptoms, and culture results of all infected patients were analyzed. According to our protocol, an arthroscopic debridement and irrigation of the knee joint was performed immediately after a diagnosis of infection was made...
March 12, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291955/change-of-chondral-lesions-and-predictive-factors-after-medial-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-with-a-locked-plate-system
#12
Kang-Il Kim, Min-Chul Seo, Sang-Jun Song, Dae-Kyung Bae, Duk-Hyun Kim, Sang Hak Lee
BACKGROUND: Although cartilage regeneration after medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been described, there is a paucity of reports regarding which factors influence cartilage regeneration. PURPOSE: To document whether cartilage regeneration occurs in the previously degenerated medial compartment of arthritic knees after medial open-wedge HTO without concomitant cartilage procedures and to assess which predictive factors influence regeneration after HTO...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291183/open-compared-with-arthroscopic-treatment-of-acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-native-knee
#13
Brenton P Johns, Mark R Loewenthal, David C Dewar
BACKGROUND: Acute native knee septic arthritis is a joint-threatening emergency. Operative treatments by open or arthroscopic methods are available to surgeons. To our knowledge, the literature to date has primarily consisted of case series and no large study has yet compared these methods. The aim of this study was to compare open and arthroscopic treatment for acute native knee septic arthritis. METHODS: All adult patients with acute native knee septic arthritis treated at our institution with either open or arthroscopic irrigation from 2000 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285899/clinical-results-and-survivorship-of-the-genesis-ii-total-knee-arthroplasty-at-a-minimum-of-15-years
#14
Richard W McCalden, Gavin P Hart, Steven J MacDonald, Douglas D Naudie, James H Howard, Robert B Bourne
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the 15-year survivorship and long-term clinical outcomes of the GENESIS II total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Patients who underwent TKA with the GENESIS II system between 1995 and 1999 were retrieved from our institutional database. We report a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis as well as Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, the Short Form Health Survey-12 (SF-12), and the Knee Society Scores at a mean of 16 years...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285600/experimental-silicosis-does-not-aggravate-collagen-induced-arthritis-in-mice
#15
Robby Engelmann, Brigitte Müller-Hilke
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of chronic lung inflammation on the incidence and severity of collagen-induced arthritis in mice. METHODS: Chronic lung inflammation in the form of silicosis was induced via intranasal application of silica particles. Immunization with collagen Type II commenced one week later and mice were sacrificed six weeks after booster immunization. Thereafter, silicosis was confirmed via flow cytometry and arthritis was evaluated performing knee and paw histology...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284771/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-manifestations-and-related-disabilities-in-a-peruvian-urban-population-living-at-high-altitude-copcord-study-stage-i
#16
Oscar Vega-Hinojosa, Mario H Cardiel, Pilar Ochoa-Miranda
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal manifestations and related disabilities of an urban population living at high altitude in Juliaca, Puno, Peru, using the Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) questionnaire and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) disability index. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a sample of 1095 people. In each interview, the COPCORD methodology and the HAQ were applied. The city was divided into 8 sectors...
March 8, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283723/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-knee-joint-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#17
Fabian Hilbert, Annette Holl-Wieden, Alexander Sauer, Herbert Köstler, Henning Neubauer
BACKGROUND: MRI of synovitis relies on use of a gadolinium-based contrast agent. Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) visualises thickened synovium but is of limited use in the presence of joint effusion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of diffusion-weighted MRI with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) for diagnosing synovitis in the knee joint of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve consecutive children with confirmed or suspected juvenile idiopathic arthritis (10 girls, median age 11 years) underwent MRI with contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging and DWI at 1...
March 10, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283311/septic-arthritis-in-a-native-knee-due-to-corynebacterium-striatum
#18
Juan Molina Collada, Alicia Rico Nieto, Macarena Díaz de Bustamante Ussia, Alejandro Balsa Criado
We describe a case of septic arthritis in a native knee due to Corynebacterium striatum, gram-positive bacilli that are usually commensal organisms of skin and mucosal membranes, but are seldom implicated in native septic arthritis. An 84-year-old man with Corynebacterium striatum septic arthritis of his native left knee and no response to conventional antibiotic therapy. Thus, the patient was allowed to take dalbavancin for compassionate use, with an excellent clinical outcome. This case emphasizes de role of Corynebacterium striatum in native joint infections and highlights the importance of early detection and appropriate treatment in improving the clinical outcome...
March 7, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283014/-fungemia-and-septic-arthritis-caused-by-saprochaete-capitata-in-a-patient-with-fanconi-aplastic-anemia-a-case-report
#19
Ömür Mustafa Parkan, Mustafa Altay Atalay, Ayşe Nedret Koç, Çiğdem Pala, Gonca Aydemir, Leylagül Kaynar
Saprochaete capitata (formerly known as Blastoschizomyces capitatus, Trichosporon capitatum, Geotrichum capitatum) is a rare but emerging yeast-like fungus. It is commonly found in environmental sources and can be isolated from skin, gastrointestinal system and respiratory tract of healthy individuals as well. It mainly infects patients with hematological malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of neutropenia; and mortality rates are high in those patients. Although the data about the in vitro antifungal susceptibility are limited, it is being reported that amphotericin B and voriconazole are more effective on S...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279661/dynamic-balance-training-improves-physical-function-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, S Jayne Garland, Mark G Carpenter, Michael A Hunt
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a targeted balance training program on dynamic balance and self-reported physical function in people with medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Exercise gymnasium and community dwellings. PARTICIPANTS: Forty individuals with medial compartment knee OA. INTERVENTION: Ten weeks of partially-supervised exercises targeting dynamic balance and strength performed four times per week, or no intervention (control group)...
March 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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