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Psychosocial maturity

Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Alison E Hipwell, Jonathan Posner, Ana Ortin, Glorisa Canino, Catherine Monk
BACKGROUND: For decades, economists and sociologists have documented intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage, demonstrating that economic, political, and social factors contribute to 'inherited hardship'. Drawing on biological factors, the developmental origins of adult health and disease model posits that fetal exposure to maternal prenatal distress associated with socioeconomic disadvantage compromises offspring's neurodevelopment, affecting short- and long-term physical and mental health, and thereby psychosocial standing and resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Kristin Long, Vicky Lehmann, Cynthia Gerhardt, Aubrey Carpenter, Anna Marsland, Melissa Alderfer
OBJECTIVES: Siblings' psychosocial adjustment to childhood cancer is poorly understood. This systematic review summarizes findings and limitations of the sibling literature since 2008, provides clinical recommendations, and offers future research directions. METHOD: MEDLINE/Pubmed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles related to siblings, psychosocial functioning, and pediatric cancer. After systematic screening, studies meeting inclusion criteria were rated for scientific merit, and findings were extracted and synthesized...
February 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Joseph C Manning, Neethi P Pinto, Janet E Rennick, Gillian Colville, Martha A Q Curley
CONTEXT: Over the past several decades, advances in pediatric critical care have saved many lives. As such, contemporary care has broadened its focus to also include minimizing morbidity. Post Intensive Care Syndrome, also known as "PICS," is a group of cognitive, physical, and mental health impairments that commonly occur in patients after ICU discharge. Post Intensive Care Syndrome has been well-conceptualized in the adult population but not in children. OBJECTIVE: To develop a conceptual framework describing Post Intensive Care Syndrome in pediatrics that includes aspects of the experience that are unique to children and their families...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Irit Duek, Alon Pener-Tessler, Ravit Yanko-Arzi, Arik Zaretski, Avraham Abergel, Ahmad Safadi, Dan M Fliss
Introduction  Pediatric skull base and craniofacial reconstruction presents a unique challenge since the potential benefits of therapy must be balanced against the cumulative impact of multimodality treatment on craniofacial growth, donor-site morbidity, and the potential for serious psychosocial issues. Objectives  To suggest an algorithm for skull base reconstruction in children and adolescents after tumor resection. Materials and Methods  Comprehensive literature review and summary of our experience...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Romy Cho, Natasha M Wickert, Anne F Klassen, Elena Tsangaris, John K Marshall, Herbert Brill
Successful transitional care for young adults entails that healthcare teams recognize and understand the attitudes, perspectives, and developmental maturity of young adults. The aim of this study was to identify the needs of young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. Young adults 18-30 years of age were recruited from the McMaster University Medical Centre adult inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) clinic between July 2012 and May 2013. Semistructured interviews were audio taped, transcribed verbatim, and coded using a constant comparative method...
January 2018: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
John R Keefe, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Personality disorder (PD) is a negative prognostic indicator for treatment, and absolute improvements in functioning among these patients are often modest. This may be because personality features that give rise to dysfunction in PD are not targeted optimally during most treatments. METHOD: Attachment, mentalization, core beliefs, and personality organization/defense use were identified as personality constructs that have been pursued in treatment studies and that are proposed to underlie PD...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Jan Pringle, Kathryn L Mills, John McAteer, Ruth Jepson, Emma Hogg, Neil Anand, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
Objectives : To examine physiological influences of adolescent sexual behaviour, including associated psychosocial factors. Methods : Systematic review. Results : Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria relating to adolescents, physiology and sexual behaviour. We excluded studies relating to abnormal development. Findings highlighted hormonal and gender differences. Females appear to be more influenced by psychosocial aspects, including the effects of peers, than males. Males may be more inclined to engage in unprotected sex with a greater number of partners...
January 2017: Cogent Social Sciences
Robert Paul, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Neda Jahanashad, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Paul Thompson, Linda Aurpibul, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Pope Kosalaraksa, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Wicharn Luesomboon, Sukalaya Lerdlum, Mantana Pothisri, Pannee Visrutaratna, Victor Valcour, Talia M Nir, Arvin Saremi, Stephen Kerr, Jintanat Ananworanich
BACKGROUND: Children with vertically acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exhibit persistent cognitive impairments, yet the corresponding neuroimaging signature of vertical infection remains unclear. METHODS: Fifty healthy control children and 51 vertically infected children were included in the study. The HIV-infected group consisted of survivors who had not received antiretroviral therapy (ART) at birth. The HIV-infected group averaged 11.4 (2.5) years of age, with a median CD4 count of 683 cells/mm...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Dean J Samaras, Andrew C Kingsford
Extensive hypertrophic scarring of the halluces secondary to chronic onychocryptosis is a rare condition, which causes significant physical and psychosocial effects. In this case, a 31-year-old male developed large lesions on both great toes after he delayed treatment of chronic hallucal onychocryptosis for over a decade. Current treatment options for hypertrophic and keloid lesions in the foot and ankle vary considerably and differentiation is critical for appropriate treatment planning. In this case, surgical excision with total matrixectomy (modified Zadik-Syme) was considered optimal management...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Matthew L Mizel, Laura S Abrams
This study qualitatively explored how young adult men on probation or parole view the components of psychosocial maturation that contribute to criminal desistance. The authors conducted nine focus groups with 40 men on probation or parole, including seven groups with men aged 18 to 25 years. Two additional focus groups were conducted with older men (ages 29-60 years) to refine our evolving understanding. According to the participants, psychosocial maturation processes of personal growth, learning from mistakes, considering consequences before acting, developing and executing long-range plans, improving peer associations, and recognizing and responding to a motivating event all contributed to their desire to change their course of criminal offending...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Michelle Dreiling, Rene Schiffner, Sabine Bischoff, Sven Rupprecht, Nasim Kroegel, Harald Schubert, Otto W Witte, Matthias Schwab, Florian Rakers
Acute stress-induced reduction of uterine blood flow (UBF) is an indirect mechanism of maternal-fetal stress transfer during late gestation. Effects of chronic psychosocial maternal stress (CMS) during early gestation, as may be experienced by many working women, on this stress signaling mechanism are unclear. We hypothesized that CMS in sheep during early gestation augments later acute stress-induced decreases of UBF, and aggravates the fetal hormonal, cardiovascular, and metabolic stress responses during later development...
October 18, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Adam Fine, Kevin T Wolff, Michael T Baglivio, Alex R Piquero, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Adolescents who view the justice system negatively are prone to commit crime. Simultaneously, youth who have difficulty regulating their behavior are likely to commit crime. Using a longitudinal sample of 1,216 male adolescents (ages 13-17) who had been arrested for the first time, were racially/ethnically diverse, and were drawn from three U.S. states, this study incorporated a developmental perspective into the procedural justice framework to examine whether psychosocial immaturity moderated the effect of justice system attitudes on youth crime...
October 16, 2017: Child Development
Christina L Riggs Romaine, Kathleen Kemp, Christy L Giallella, Naomi E S Goldstein, Jennifer Serico, Sharon Kelley
Research continues to highlight factors associated with developmental immaturity, including persistent delinquency. This article examines whether aspects of developmental immaturity, psychosocial maturity, and emotion regulation are responsive to therapeutic intervention. Fifty-seven female youth in secure residential juvenile justice facilities participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls, an intervention that targets skills relevant to psychosocial maturity, including problem-solving, coping, and emotion regulation...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
October 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
Kelly A Brown, Dilip R Patel, Daphne Darmawan
Puberty is defined by physical growth, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and maturation of psychosocial skills. The initiation and rate of progression of pubertal events varies among adolescents, but pubertal changes occur in a predictable stepwise manner. Factors including individual differences in physical and psychosocial development, stage of development based on age (early, middle, and late), and the rate of pubertal development, may all contribute to the way in which adolescents experience sports activities...
July 2017: Translational Pediatrics
Anna S Urrila, Antti Hakkarainen, Anu Castaneda, Tiina Paunio, Mauri Marttunen, Nina Lundbom
AIM: This study used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to evaluate the neurochemistry of the frontal cortex in adolescents with symptoms of sleep and depression. METHODS: Nineteen non-medicated adolescent boys (mean age 16.0 years; 9 clinical cases with depression/sleep symptoms and 10 healthy controls) underwent 1H MRS at 3 T. MR spectra were acquired from the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and frontal white matter...
August 10, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
Mercy Y Akinyi, Laurence R Gesquiere, Mathias Franz, Patrick O Onyango, Jeanne Altmann, Susan C Alberts
In many mammals, maturational milestones such as dispersal and the attainment of adult dominance rank mark stages in the onset of reproductive activity and depend on a coordinated set of hormonal and socio-behavioral changes. Studies that focus on the link between hormones and maturational milestones are uncommon in wild mammals because of the challenges of obtaining adequate sample sizes of maturing animals and of tracking the movements of dispersing animals. We examined two maturational milestones in wild male baboons-adult dominance rank attainment and natal dispersal-and measured their association with variation in glucocorticoids (fGC) and fecal testosterone (fT)...
August 8, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
Anita Cservenka, Ty Brumback
Introduction: Adolescence and young adulthood are periods of continued biological and psychosocial maturation. Thus, there may be deleterious effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol on neural development and associated cognition during this time. The purpose of this mini review is to highlight neuroimaging research that has specifically examined the effects of binge and heavy drinking on adolescent and young adult brain structure and function. Methods: We review cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of young binge and heavy drinkers that have examined brain structure (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
William P Horan, Michael F Green
Efforts to develop psychosocial interventions that specifically target social cognition in schizophrenia spectrum disorders began nearly two decades ago. The field has matured considerably since then and has engendered a great deal of optimism about this treatment approach. Indeed, the efficacy of social cognitive interventions, especially those that address multiple domains of social cognition, has received substantial support. This article critically evaluates the current evidence for social cognitive interventions, identifies limitations and open questions, and suggests priorities and directions for further research...
July 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
Steve Farnfield
AIMS: This study examined concordance in the attachment strategies of school-aged siblings with reference to environmental risk in terms of poverty and maltreatment. It also investigated the effect of child maltreatment and maternal mental illness on children's psychosocial functioning in terms of the Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) including unresolved trauma and the DMM Depressed modifier. METHODS: The attachment strategies of 30 sibling pairs, aged 5-14 years, were assessed using the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA)...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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