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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737424/type-2-diabetes-in-youth-new-lessons-from-the-search-study
#1
REVIEW
Elizabeth T Jensen, Dana Dabelea
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the recent body of evidence emerging for type 2 diabetes as identified through the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. RECENT FINDINGS: This body of evidence illustrates that type 2 diabetes continues to increase in incidence, although this increase may be partially attributable to increased surveillance. Disease management is influenced by the transition from adolescent to adult care and psychosocial factors may also contribute...
May 8, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724115/an-algorithm-for-creating-virtual-controls-using-integrated-and-harmonized-longitudinal-data
#2
William B Hansen, Shyh-Huei Chen, Santiago Saldana, Edward H Ip
We introduce a strategy for creating virtual control groups-cases generated through computer algorithms that, when aggregated, may serve as experimental comparators where live controls are difficult to recruit, such as when programs are widely disseminated and randomization is not feasible. We integrated and harmonized data from eight archived longitudinal adolescent-focused data sets spanning the decades from 1980 to 2010. Collectively, these studies examined numerous psychosocial variables and assessed past 30-day alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695250/effectiveness-of-the-girls-active-school-based-physical-activity-programme-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Deirdre M Harrington, Melanie J Davies, Danielle H Bodicoat, Joanna M Charles, Yogini V Chudasama, Trish Gorely, Kamlesh Khunti, Tatiana Plekhanova, Alex V Rowlands, Lauren B Sherar, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Thomas Yates, Charlotte L Edwardson
BACKGROUND: Globally, adolescent girls' physical activity (PA) levels are low. The 'Girls Active' secondary school-based programme, developed by the Youth Sport Trust, aims to increase PA in adolescent girls. This paper explores the effectiveness of the 'Girls Active' school-based PA programme. METHODS: A random sample of girls aged 11-14 from 20 secondary schools (Midlands, UK) participated in a two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial. Ten schools received Girls Active and 10 continued with usual practice...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665250/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-coping-behaviors-suggests-fbxo45-is-associated-with-emotional-expression
#4
Chisato Shimanoe, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Megumi Hara, Yuichiro Nishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Yoichi Sutoh, Atsushi Shimizu, Asahi Hishida, Sayo Kawai, Rieko Okada, Takashi Tamura, Keitaro Matsuo, Hidemi Ito, Etsuko Ozaki, Daisuke Matsui, Rie Ibusuki, Ippei Shimoshikiryo, Naoyuki Takashima, Aya Kadota, Kokichi Arisawa, Hirokazu Uemura, Sadao Suzuki, Miki Watanabe, Kiyonori Kuriki, Kaori Endoh, Haruo Mikami, Yohko Nakamura, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Masahiro Nakatochi, Mariko Naito, Kenji Wakai
Individuals use coping behaviors to deal with unpleasant daily events. Such behaviors can moderate or mediate the pathway between psychosocial stress and health-related outcomes. However, few studies have examined the associations between coping behaviors and genetic variants. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on coping behaviors in 13,088 participants aged 35-69 years as part of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Five coping behaviors (emotional expression, emotional support seeking, positive reappraisal, problem solving, and disengagement) were measured and analyzed...
April 17, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665006/police-contacts-arrests-and-decreasing-self-control-and-personal-responsibility-among-female-adolescents
#5
Alison E Hipwell, Joseph Beeney, Feifei Ye, Sabrina H Gebreselassie, Madeline R Stalter, Dyuti Ganesh, Kate Keenan, Stephanie D Stepp
BACKGROUND: Female involvement in the juvenile justice system (JJS) has increased rapidly in recent years. Although deficits in self-control and responsibility are associated with delinquency and higher rates of police contacts and arrests, much of this research has focused on males and/or selected samples of youth who already have a history of JJS involvement. Furthermore, little is known about the extent to which police contacts and arrests may disrupt normative psychosocial maturation...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649370/the-psychosocial-impact-of-cleft-in-a-western-australian-cohort-across-3-age-groups
#6
Wendy Nicholls, Linda A Selvey, Craig Harper, Martin Persson, Suzanne Robinson
BACKGROUND: Management of a cleft of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) involves a multidisciplinary team approach lasting from birth to potentially postskeletal maturity. This condition is complex, with both medical and psychosocial implications that may place individuals with a cleft at higher risk of developing psychosocial problems. METHODOLOGY: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a sample from the Western Australian cleft population comprising 3 age groups: child (n = 100), adolescent (n = 101), and adult (n = 158)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607254/temperament-and-character-effects-on-late-adolescents-well-being-and-emotional-behavioural-difficulties
#7
Cristiano Crescentini, Marco Garzitto, Andrea Paschetto, Paolo Brambilla, Franco Fabbro
Background: Research on adults points to personality as a crucial determinant of well-being. The present study investigates the question of personality's relation to well-being and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence. Methods: We assessed the role of temperament and character (Temperament and Character Inventory, TCI-125), on psychological well-being (PWB; Psychological Well-Being scales), subjective well-being (SWB; Positive and Negative Affect, PA and NA, respectively), and psychosocial adjustment (emotional-behavioural problems measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for Adolescents, SDQ-A), in 72 Italian late adolescents (aged 17...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565709/a-life-put-on-pause-an-exploration-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-issues-relevant-to-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#8
Samantha C Sodergren, Olga Husson, Gudrun E Rohde, Iwona M Tomasewska, Bella Vivat, Noam Yarom, Helen Griffiths, Anne-Sophie Darlington
PURPOSE: In recent years, the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been recognized as particularly informative to healthcare providers. For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), the impact of a cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatment is likely to be distinct from other age groups given the unique and complex physical and psychosocial challenges of this developmental phase. The objective of this study was to capture the HRQoL issues described by AYAs with cancer using thematic analysis...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473646/research-review-intergenerational-transmission-of-disadvantage-epigenetics-and-parents-childhoods-as-the-first-exposure
#9
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Alison E Hipwell, Jonathan Posner, Ana Ortin, Glorisa Canino, Catherine Monk
BACKGROUND: For decades, economists and sociologists have documented intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage, demonstrating that economic, political, and social factors contribute to 'inherited hardship'. Drawing on biological factors, the developmental origins of adult health and disease model posits that fetal exposure to maternal prenatal distress associated with socioeconomic disadvantage compromises offspring's neurodevelopment, affecting short- and long-term physical and mental health, and thereby psychosocial standing and resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441699/psychosocial-functioning-and-risk-factors-among-siblings-of-children-with-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Kristin A Long, Vicky Lehmann, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Aubrey L Carpenter, Anna L Marsland, Melissa A Alderfer
OBJECTIVES: Siblings' psychosocial adjustment to childhood cancer is poorly understood. This systematic review summarizes findings and limitations of the sibling literature since 2008, provides clinical recommendations, and offers future research directions. METHOD: MEDLINE/Pubmed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO were searched for articles related to siblings, psychosocial functioning, and pediatric cancer. After systematic screening, studies meeting inclusion criteria were rated for scientific merit, and findings were extracted and synthesized...
February 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406379/conceptualizing-post-intensive-care-syndrome-in-children-the-pics-p-framework
#11
Joseph C Manning, Neethi P Pinto, Janet E Rennick, Gillian Colville, Martha A Q Curley
CONTEXT: Over the past several decades, advances in pediatric critical care have saved many lives. As such, contemporary care has broadened its focus to also include minimizing morbidity. Post Intensive Care Syndrome, also known as "PICS," is a group of cognitive, physical, and mental health impairments that commonly occur in patients after ICU discharge. Post Intensive Care Syndrome has been well-conceptualized in the adult population but not in children. OBJECTIVE: To develop a conceptual framework describing Post Intensive Care Syndrome in pediatrics that includes aspects of the experience that are unique to children and their families...
April 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404244/skull-base-reconstruction-in-the-pediatric-patient
#12
REVIEW
Irit Duek, Alon Pener-Tessler, Ravit Yanko-Arzi, Arik Zaretski, Avraham Abergel, Ahmad Safadi, Dan M Fliss
Introduction  Pediatric skull base and craniofacial reconstruction presents a unique challenge since the potential benefits of therapy must be balanced against the cumulative impact of multimodality treatment on craniofacial growth, donor-site morbidity, and the potential for serious psychosocial issues. Objectives  To suggest an algorithm for skull base reconstruction in children and adolescents after tumor resection. Materials and Methods  Comprehensive literature review and summary of our experience...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373352/identifying-needs-in-young-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-qualitative-study
#13
Romy Cho, Natasha M Wickert, Anne F Klassen, Elena Tsangaris, John K Marshall, Herbert Brill
Successful transitional care for young adults entails that healthcare teams recognize and understand the attitudes, perspectives, and developmental maturity of young adults. The aim of this study was to identify the needs of young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. Young adults 18-30 years of age were recruited from the McMaster University Medical Centre adult inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) clinic between July 2012 and May 2013. Semistructured interviews were audio taped, transcribed verbatim, and coded using a constant comparative method...
January 2018: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347891/changing-character-a-narrative-review-of-personality-change-in-psychotherapies-for-personality-disorder
#14
John R Keefe, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Personality disorder (PD) is a negative prognostic indicator for treatment, and absolute improvements in functioning among these patients are often modest. This may be because personality features that give rise to dysfunction in PD are not targeted optimally during most treatments. METHOD: Attachment, mentalization, core beliefs, and personality organization/defense use were identified as personality constructs that have been pursued in treatment studies and that are proposed to underlie PD...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201945/the-physiology-of-adolescent-sexual-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#15
Jan Pringle, Kathryn L Mills, John McAteer, Ruth Jepson, Emma Hogg, Neil Anand, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
Objectives : To examine physiological influences of adolescent sexual behaviour, including associated psychosocial factors. Methods : Systematic review. Results : Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria relating to adolescents, physiology and sexual behaviour. We excluded studies relating to abnormal development. Findings highlighted hormonal and gender differences. Females appear to be more influenced by psychosocial aspects, including the effects of peers, than males. Males may be more inclined to engage in unprotected sex with a greater number of partners...
January 2017: Cogent Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200184/structural-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychologic-signatures-of-vertically-acquired-hiv
#16
Robert Paul, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Neda Jahanashad, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Paul Thompson, Linda Aurpibul, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Pope Kosalaraksa, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Wicharn Luesomboon, Sukalaya Lerdlum, Mantana Pothisri, Pannee Visrutaratna, Victor Valcour, Talia M Nir, Arvin Saremi, Stephen Kerr, Jintanat Ananworanich
BACKGROUND: Children with vertically acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exhibit persistent cognitive impairments, yet the corresponding neuroimaging signature of vertical infection remains unclear. METHODS: Fifty healthy control children and 51 vertically infected children were included in the study. The HIV-infected group consisted of survivors who had not received antiretroviral therapy (ART) at birth. The HIV-infected group averaged 11.4 (2.5) years of age, with a median CD4 count of 683 cells/mm...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152302/surgical-management-of-extensive-hypertrophic-scarring-of-the-halluces-secondary-to-a-decade-of-untreated-onychocryptosis-an-illustrative-case-report
#17
Dean J Samaras, Andrew C Kingsford
Extensive hypertrophic scarring of the halluces secondary to chronic onychocryptosis is a rare condition, which causes significant physical and psychosocial effects. In this case, a 31-year-old male developed large lesions on both great toes after he delayed treatment of chronic hallucal onychocryptosis for over a decade. Current treatment options for hypertrophic and keloid lesions in the foot and ankle vary considerably and differentiation is critical for appropriate treatment planning. In this case, surgical excision with total matrixectomy (modified Zadik-Syme) was considered optimal management...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094621/what-i-d-tell-my-16-year-old-self-criminal-desistance-young-adults-and-psychosocial-maturation
#18
Matthew L Mizel, Laura S Abrams
This study qualitatively explored how young adult men on probation or parole view the components of psychosocial maturation that contribute to criminal desistance. The authors conducted nine focus groups with 40 men on probation or parole, including seven groups with men aged 18 to 25 years. Two additional focus groups were conducted with older men (ages 29-60 years) to refine our evolving understanding. According to the participants, psychosocial maturation processes of personal growth, learning from mistakes, considering consequences before acting, developing and executing long-range plans, improving peer associations, and recognizing and responding to a motivating event all contributed to their desire to change their course of criminal offending...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041862/impact-of-chronic-maternal-stress-during-early-gestation-on-maternal-fetal-stress-transfer-and-fetal-stress-sensitivity-in-sheep
#19
Michelle Dreiling, Rene Schiffner, Sabine Bischoff, Sven Rupprecht, Nasim Kroegel, Harald Schubert, Otto W Witte, Matthias Schwab, Florian Rakers
Acute stress-induced reduction of uterine blood flow (UBF) is an indirect mechanism of maternal-fetal stress transfer during late gestation. Effects of chronic psychosocial maternal stress (CMS) during early gestation, as may be experienced by many working women, on this stress signaling mechanism are unclear. We hypothesized that CMS in sheep during early gestation augments later acute stress-induced decreases of UBF, and aggravates the fetal hormonal, cardiovascular, and metabolic stress responses during later development...
January 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034963/does-the-effect-of-justice-system-attitudes-on-adolescent-crime-vary-based-on-psychosocial-maturity
#20
Adam Fine, Kevin T Wolff, Michael T Baglivio, Alex R Piquero, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Adolescents who view the justice system negatively are prone to commit crime. Simultaneously, youth who have difficulty regulating their behavior are likely to commit crime. Using a longitudinal sample of 1,216 male adolescents (ages 13-17) who had been arrested for the first time, were racially/ethnically diverse, and were drawn from three U.S. states, this study incorporated a developmental perspective into the procedural justice framework to examine whether psychosocial immaturity moderated the effect of justice system attitudes on youth crime...
October 16, 2017: Child Development
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