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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094621/what-i-d-tell-my-16-year-old-self-criminal-desistance-young-adults-and-psychosocial-maturation
#1
Matthew L Mizel, Laura S Abrams
This study qualitatively explored how young adult men on probation or parole view the components of psychosocial maturation that contribute to criminal desistance. The authors conducted nine focus groups with 40 men on probation or parole, including seven groups with men aged 18 to 25 years. Two additional focus groups were conducted with older men (ages 29-60 years) to refine our evolving understanding. According to the participants, psychosocial maturation processes of personal growth, learning from mistakes, considering consequences before acting, developing and executing long-range plans, improving peer associations, and recognizing and responding to a motivating event all contributed to their desire to change their course of criminal offending...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041862/impact-of-chronic-maternal-stress-during-early-gestation-on-maternal-fetal-stress-transfer-and-fetal-stress-sensitivity-in-sheep
#2
Michelle Dreiling, Rene Schiffner, Sabine Bischoff, Sven Rupprecht, Nasim Kroegel, Harald Schubert, Otto W Witte, Matthias Schwab, Florian Rakers
Acute stress-induced reduction of uterine blood flow (UBF) is an indirect mechanism of maternal-fetal stress transfer during late gestation. Effects of chronic psychosocial maternal stress (CMS) during early gestation, as may be experienced by many working women, on this stress signaling mechanism are unclear. We hypothesized that CMS in sheep during early gestation augments later acute stress-induced decreases of UBF, and aggravates the fetal hormonal, cardiovascular, and metabolic stress responses during later development...
October 18, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034963/does-the-effect-of-justice-system-attitudes-on-adolescent-crime-vary-based-on-psychosocial-maturity
#3
Adam Fine, Kevin T Wolff, Michael T Baglivio, Alex R Piquero, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Adolescents who view the justice system negatively are prone to commit crime. Simultaneously, youth who have difficulty regulating their behavior are likely to commit crime. Using a longitudinal sample of 1,216 male adolescents (ages 13-17) who had been arrested for the first time, were racially/ethnically diverse, and were drawn from three U.S. states, this study incorporated a developmental perspective into the procedural justice framework to examine whether psychosocial immaturity moderated the effect of justice system attitudes on youth crime...
October 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020818/can-we-hasten-development-effects-of-treatment-on-psychosocial-maturity
#4
Christina L Riggs Romaine, Kathleen Kemp, Christy L Giallella, Naomi E S Goldstein, Jennifer Serico, Sharon Kelley
Research continues to highlight factors associated with developmental immaturity, including persistent delinquency. This article examines whether aspects of developmental immaturity, psychosocial maturity, and emotion regulation are responsive to therapeutic intervention. Fifty-seven female youth in secure residential juvenile justice facilities participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls, an intervention that targets skills relevant to psychosocial maturity, including problem-solving, coping, and emotion regulation...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809602/fertility-preservation-and-sexual-health-after-cancer-therapy
#5
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
October 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795005/participation-in-sports-in-relation-to-adolescent-growth-and-development
#6
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Dilip R Patel, Daphne Darmawan
Puberty is defined by physical growth, development of secondary sexual characteristics, and maturation of psychosocial skills. The initiation and rate of progression of pubertal events varies among adolescents, but pubertal changes occur in a predictable stepwise manner. Factors including individual differences in physical and psychosocial development, stage of development based on age (early, middle, and late), and the rate of pubertal development, may all contribute to the way in which adolescents experience sports activities...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793304/frontal-cortex-myo-inositol-is-associated-with-sleep-and-depression-in-adolescents-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#7
Anna S Urrila, Antti Hakkarainen, Anu Castaneda, Tiina Paunio, Mauri Marttunen, Nina Lundbom
AIM: This study used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to evaluate the neurochemistry of the frontal cortex in adolescents with symptoms of sleep and depression. METHODS: Nineteen non-medicated adolescent boys (mean age 16.0 years; 9 clinical cases with depression/sleep symptoms and 10 healthy controls) underwent 1H MRS at 3 T. MR spectra were acquired from the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and frontal white matter...
August 10, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720488/hormonal-correlates-of-natal-dispersal-and-rank-attainment-in-wild-male-baboons
#8
Mercy Y Akinyi, Laurence R Gesquiere, Mathias Franz, Patrick O Onyango, Jeanne Altmann, Susan C Alberts
In many mammals, maturational milestones such as dispersal and the attainment of adult dominance rank mark stages in the onset of reproductive activity and depend on a coordinated set of hormonal and socio-behavioral changes. Studies that focus on the link between hormones and maturational milestones are uncommon in wild mammals because of the challenges of obtaining adequate sample sizes of maturing animals and of tracking the movements of dispersing animals. We examined two maturational milestones in wild male baboons-adult dominance rank attainment and natal dispersal-and measured their association with variation in glucocorticoids (fGC) and fecal testosterone (fT)...
August 8, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713313/the-burden-of-binge-and-heavy-drinking-on-the-brain-effects-on-adolescent-and-young-adult-neural-structure-and-function
#9
REVIEW
Anita Cservenka, Ty Brumback
Introduction: Adolescence and young adulthood are periods of continued biological and psychosocial maturation. Thus, there may be deleterious effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol on neural development and associated cognition during this time. The purpose of this mini review is to highlight neuroimaging research that has specifically examined the effects of binge and heavy drinking on adolescent and young adult brain structure and function. Methods: We review cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of young binge and heavy drinkers that have examined brain structure (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712968/treatment-of-social-cognition-in-schizophrenia-current-status-and-future-directions
#10
William P Horan, Michael F Green
Efforts to develop psychosocial interventions that specifically target social cognition in schizophrenia spectrum disorders began nearly two decades ago. The field has matured considerably since then and has engendered a great deal of optimism about this treatment approach. Indeed, the efficacy of social cognitive interventions, especially those that address multiple domains of social cognition, has received substantial support. This article critically evaluates the current evidence for social cognitive interventions, identifies limitations and open questions, and suggests priorities and directions for further research...
July 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693402/fix-my-child-the-importance-of-including-siblings-in-clinical-assessments
#11
Steve Farnfield
AIMS: This study examined concordance in the attachment strategies of school-aged siblings with reference to environmental risk in terms of poverty and maltreatment. It also investigated the effect of child maltreatment and maternal mental illness on children's psychosocial functioning in terms of the Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) including unresolved trauma and the DMM Depressed modifier. METHODS: The attachment strategies of 30 sibling pairs, aged 5-14 years, were assessed using the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA)...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682982/development-of-adaptive-coping-from-mid-to-late-life-a-70-year-longitudinal-study-of-defense-maturity-and-its-psychosocial-correlates
#12
John S Martin-Joy, Johanna C Malone, Xing-Jia Cui, Pål-Ørjan Johansen, Kevin P Hill, M Omar Rahman, Robert J Waldinger, George E Vaillant
The present study examines changes in defense maturity from mid to late life using data from an over 70-year longitudinal study. A sample of 72 men was followed beginning in late adolescence. Participants' childhoods were coded for emotional warmth. Defense mechanisms were coded by independent raters using the Q-Sort of Defenses (, Ego mechanisms of defense: A guide for clinicians and researchers 217-233) based on interview data gathered at approximately ages 52 and 75. We examined psychosocial correlates of defenses at midlife, late life, and changes in defense from mid to late life...
September 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628362/weight-loss-surgery-in-adolescents
#13
Amy L Christison, Sandeep K Gupta
Childhood obesity continues to be a national health problem, with growing numbers of adolescents (8.7%) affected by severe obesity and its associated cardiometabolic risks. Since current nonsurgical methods for treating these adolescents have only modest effects, weight loss surgery (WLS) is an alternative treatment. An overview of the literature was conducted describing the selection, management, and outcomes of adolescents undergoing WLS. Adolescent guidelines require physical and emotional maturity as well as serious comorbidities associated with body mass index cutoffs higher than those used for adults...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591902/-the-need-for-psychosocial-support-of-parents-of-children-in-neonatal-care
#14
Nicole Schäfer, Harald Karutz, Olaf Schenk
Background Advances in neonatal care have reduced mortality but increased morbidity in babies born pre-maturely or after high-risk pregnancies. However, this often increases the burden on the family and the parents in particular. A systematic review of the literature was conducted that demonstrated the importance of psychosocial support for parents of children in neonatal care. Methods A systematic search of Pubmed, Psyndex, CINAHI and medpilot was conducted. Reference lists of the included articles were also searched for relevant publications...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562264/adult-consequences-of-self-limited-delayed-puberty
#15
REVIEW
Jia Zhu, Yee-Ming Chan
Delayed puberty is a common condition defined as the lack of sexual maturation by an age ≥2 SD above the population mean. In the absence of an identified underlying cause, the condition is usually self-limited. Although self-limited delayed puberty is largely believed to be a benign developmental variant with no long-term consequences, several studies have suggested that delayed puberty may in fact have both harmful and protective effects on various adult health outcomes. In particular, height and bone mineral density have been shown to be compromised in some studies of adults with a history of delayed puberty...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541073/symptoms-of-stress-and-depression-effect-percentage-of-body-fat-and-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-youth-look-longitudinal-study
#16
Lisa S Olive, Rohan M Telford, D G Byrne, Walter P Abhayaratna, Richard D Telford
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the longitudinal and cross-sectional effects of both psychosocial stress and depressive symptoms on insulin resistance and percentage body fat in a cohort of healthy Australian children, following them from childhood into adolescence. METHOD: Participants were 791 healthy, initially Grade 2 children (7-8 years; 394 girls), selected from the general community. Psychosocial stress was assessed using the Children's Stress Questionnaire, while depressive symptoms were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495326/bone-dysplasia
#17
Agnès Linglart, Valérie Merzoug, Anne-Sophie Lambert, Catherine Adamsbaum
Bone dysplasia is a large group that encompasses 436 rare diseases. Many of them are characterized by short stature or decreased growth velocity during puberty. The diagnosis of short stature due to skeletal dysplasia relies on (i) physical features such as disproportionate trunk/limbs, short limbs or extremities and/or stocky build, (ii) radiographic features to analyze mineralization, maturation and bone morphology, and (iii) whenever possible, the genetic characterization. Bone dysplasia mostly affect many organs, and therefore require multidisciplinary follow-up and care...
June 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478851/-having-cancer-was-awful-but-also-something-good-came-out-post-traumatic-growth-among-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer
#18
Eduardo R Zamora, Jaehee Yi, Jesmin Akter, Jonghee Kim, Echo L Warner, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: The cancer experience may cultivate positive psychological changes that can help reduce distress during adult survivors of childhood and adolescent cancer life course. The aim of this study is to examine the positive impact of cancer in adult survivors utilizing posttraumatic growth as a guiding framework. METHOD: Participants were identified and recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. Eligible cases were diagnosed with cancer age ≤20 years from 1973 to 2009, born in Utah, and were age ≥18 at study...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434870/maternal-socioeconomic-disadvantage-is-associated-with-transcriptional-indications-of-greater-immune-activation-and-slower-tissue-maturation-in-placental-biopsies-and-newborn-cord-blood
#19
Gregory E Miller, Ann E Borders, Amy H Crockett, Kharah M Ross, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K Leigh, Paula Ham, Jeffrey Ma, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Linda M Ernst, Steve W Cole
Children from economically disadvantaged families experience worse cognitive, psychiatric, and medical outcomes compared to more affluent youth. Preclinical models suggest some of the adverse influence of disadvantage could be transmitted during gestation via maternal immune activation, but this hypothesis has not been tested in humans. It also remains unclear whether prenatal interventions can mitigate such effects. To fill these gaps, we conducted two studies. Study 1 characterized the socioeconomic conditions of 79 women during pregnancy...
August 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429614/are-mothers-protective-attachment-strategies-related-to-their-children-s-strategies
#20
Patricia M Crittenden, Katrina Robson, Alison Tooby, Charles Fleming
AIMS: We explored the relation between mothers' protective attachment strategies and those of their school-age children. METHODS: In total, 49 child-mother dyads participated in a short longitudinal study when the children were 5.5 and 6.0 years old. Their strategies were first assessed with the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and then with the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA). Mothers were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) was used to classify the assessments...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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