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Six minute walk test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535358/effectiveness-of-peers-in-delivering-programs-or-motivating-older-people-to-increase-their-participation-in-physical-activity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Keith D Hill, Jim Codde, Phil Airey, Anne-Marie Hill
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of peers to deliver programs or encourage older people to be physically active and improve physical outcomes. Peer reviewed articles published in English between January 1976 and June 2016, retrieved from six databases according to the predefined inclusion criteria were included. Where possible results were pooled and meta-analyses conducted. Eighteen articles were included in the review, a total of 3,492 intervention participants, average age 66...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533599/the-effect-of-segmental-weight-of-prosthesis-on-hemodynamic-responses-and-energy-expenditure-of-lower-extremity-amputees
#2
Akmer Mutlu, Mohammad Dawood Kharooty, Yavuz Yakut
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of segmental weight of the prosthesis on hemodynamic responses and energy expenditure in lower extremity amputees. [Subjects and Methods] Thirteen patients with a mean age of 44 ± 15.84 years and with unilateral transtibial, transfemoral and Syme's amputation were included to the study. The difference between the lightest and the heaviest prosthesis, 250 g used as the weight. All the patients completed the measurements first without weight and then with 250 g weight on the ankle joint...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532772/echocardiographic-predictors-for-worsening-of-six-minute-walk-distances-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-scleroderma
#3
Kenya Kusunose, Hirotsugu Yamada, Susumu Nishio, Yukina Hirata, Hiromitsu Seno, Yoshihito Saijo, Takayuki Ise, Takeshi Tobiume, Koji Yamaguchi, Shusuke Yagi, Takeshi Soeki, Tetsuzo Wakatsuki, Masataka Sata
Change in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) has been used as a clinical marker in pulmonary hypertension. Determinants and worsening of 6MWD remain a matter of debate because nonpulmonary factors have an impact on the 6MWD. We hypothesized that future reduction of 6MWD in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) was more closely associated with cardiac dysfunction. We prospectively performed standard clinical and echocardiographic evaluations in SSc patients with the 6-minute walk test at enrollment. Features associated with the 6MWD were sought in a multiple linear regression analysis and compared using standardized β...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528258/epidemiology-and-management-of-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-experience-from-two-expert-centers
#4
Maria Anna Bazmpani, Alexandra Arvanitaki, Maria Toumpourleka, Georgia Pitsiou, Evaggelia Panagiotidou, Sophia Anastasia Mouratoglou, Georgios Sianos, Stavros Hadjimiltiades, Antonios Pitsis, Eckhard Mayer, Ioannis Stanopoulos, Haralambos Karvounis, George Giannakoulas
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare, distinct pulmonary vascular disease, and, therefore, there is lack of data regarding its clinical presentation, diagnosis and management at a national basis. Our objective was to describe the demographics and management of CTEPH patients in Northern Greece. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational study with a joint collaboration from two pulmonary hypertension expert centers in Greece and included patients diagnosed with CTEPH...
May 17, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523987/six-month-effects-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Corien Dm Nikamp, Jaap H Buurke, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To study the six-month clinical effects of providing ankle-foot orthoses at different moments (early or delayed) in (sub)acute stroke; this is a follow-up to a published trial. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Unilateral hemiparetic stroke subjects maximal six weeks post-stroke with indication for ankle-foot orthosis use. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned to early (at inclusion; week 1) or delayed provision (eight weeks later; week 9)...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514698/clinical-outcomes-and-frontal-plane-two-dimensional-biomechanics-during-the-30-second-single-leg-stance-test-in-patients-before-and-after-hip-abductor-tendon-reconstructive-surgery
#6
Rose E Huxtable, Timothy R Ackland, Gregory C Janes, Jay R Ebert
BACKGROUND: Hip abductor tendon tears are a common cause of Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome. Conservative treatments are often ineffective and surgical reconstruction may be recommended. This study investigated the improvement in clinical outcomes and frontal plane two-dimensional biomechanics during a 30-second single leg stance test, in patients undergoing reconstruction. We hypothesized that clinical scores and pertinent biomechanical variables would significantly improve post-surgery, and these outcomes would be significantly correlated...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495045/deterioration-in-gait-and-functional-ambulation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-over-12-months
#7
Rachel Kennedy, Kate Carroll, Kade L Paterson, Monique M Ryan, Jennifer L McGinley
Children and adolescents with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) report problems with gait. Little is known about gait changes over time in children with this degenerative disease. This prospective longitudinal study investigated change in spatio-temporal gait parameters and functional ambulation. Two assessments were conducted 12 months apart. Assessments included: barefoot gait on an electronic walkway; functional ambulation with a six minute walk test and the Functional Mobility Scale; and disease severity with the CMT Pediatric Scale...
April 19, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494261/relationship-between-physical-performance-and-self-reported-function-in-healthy-individuals-across-the-lifespan
#8
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Claire E Hiller, Niamh Moloney, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Functional outcome measures in clinical trials of musculoskeletal conditions need to be meaningful to individuals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between physical performance and self/proxy-reported function in 1000 healthy children and adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study (1000 Norms Project). METHODS: One thousand males and females aged 3-101 years, healthy by self-report and without major physical disability, were recruited...
May 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488885/respiratory-muscle-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-children-with-rhinitis-and-asthma-after-a-six-minute-walk-test
#9
Ana Alice de Almeida Soares, Camila Moraes Barros, Cássia Giulliane Costa Santos, Maria Renata Aragão Dos Santos, José Rodrigo Santos Silva, Walderi Monteiro da Silva Junior, Silvia de Magalhães Simões
OBJECTIVE: Rhinitis and asthma decrease quality of life. Few studies have assessed the performance of children with asthma or rhinitis under submaximal exercise. We evaluated maximal respiratory pressures, spirometric parameters, and ability to sustain submaximal exercise in these children before and after the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), compared to healthy children. METHODS: This cross-sectional, analytical study included 89 children aged 6-12 years in outpatient follow-up: 27 healthy (H), 31 with rhinitis (R), and 31 with mild asthma under control (A)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483555/blood-flow-restriction-walking-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Matthew John Clarkson, Louise Conway, Stuart Anthony Warmington
OBJECTIVES: The progressive age-related declines in muscle health and physical function in older adults are related to muscle size and strength. Walking with an applied blood flow restriction is an alternative to maintain muscle volume in older adults to increase the value for time spent walking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of adding blood flow restriction to low-intensity walking on clinical measures of physical function. DESIGN/METHODS: Sedentary older men and women were randomised to either a low-intensity blood flow restriction walking group (BFRW; n=10), or a non-blood flow restriction walking control group (CON; n=9)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474873/circuit-strength-training-improves-muscle-strength-functional-performance-and-anthropometric-indicators-in-sedentary-elderly-women
#11
Mauro L Mazini Filho, Felipe J Aidar, Dihogo Gama de Matos, Osvaldo Costa Moreira, Cláudia E Patrocínio de Oliveira, Gabriela R de Oliveira Venturini, Victor Magalhães Curty, Henrique Menezes Touguinha, Maria E Caputo Ferreira
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of circuit strength training on the muscle strength, functional autonomy and anthropometric indicators of the elderly. METHODS: Were included 65 women divided in two groups: strength training (TG, n= 34) and control group (CG, n = 31). The strength-training group was subjected to a circuit shaped training program, three days per week, for a period of 12 weeks. In each training session, the circuit was repeated three times...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473284/energy-expenditure-and-cost-of-walking-and-stair-climbing-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke
#12
Janaine C Polese, Giane A Ribeiro-Samora, Raquel C Lana, Fátima V Rodrigues-De-Paula, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: Subjects with stroke show higher energy cost (EC) during walking, when compared to healthy individuals, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Additionally, the behavior of physiological variables during other activities has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate energy expenditure (EE) and EC during the six-minute walking test (6MWT) and stair climb test (SCT) in chronic stroke subjects compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which stroke subjects (n=18) (community-walking speed ≥0...
April 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473280/safety-of-early-performance-of-the-six-minute-walk-test-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Lívia S Diniz, Victor R Neves, Ana C Starke, Marco P T Barbosa, Raquel R Britto, Antônio L P Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple, low cost, reliable, and valid method for evaluating the functional capacity of cardiac patients. However, its early use and safety following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is recent and has been little investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and to compare the safety and the cardiac behavior of early performance of the 6MWT in patients following uncomplicated AMI up to 4 days or more than 4 days after the event...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472303/the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-bone-and-muscle-function-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#14
Wolfgang Högler, Janis Scott, Nick Bishop, Paul Arundel, Peter Nightingale, M Zulf Mughal, Raja Padidela, Nick Shaw, Nicola Crabtree
Context: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a bone fragility disorder associated with reduced muscle size, dynamic muscle function and mobility. Objective: To assess the effect of whole body vibration (WBV) training on bone density and geometry, muscle size and function, mobility, and balance in children with OI. Design: Randomised controlled pilot trial. Setting: Tertiary paediatric research centre. Participants: Twenty-four children (5-16 years) with OI types 1,4 and limited mobility (CHAQ score ≥0...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468260/6mwt-performance-and-its-correlations-with-vo%C3%A2-and-handgrip-strength-in-home-dwelling-mid-aged-and-older-chinese
#15
Qing Zhang, Hailin Lu, Shiqin Pan, Yuan Lin, Kun Zhou, Li Wang
Six-minute walk test (6MWT) performance is more commonly used in clinic patients with chronic cardiopulmonary diseases but not in home-dwelling individuals of similar age, and its correlations with oxygen uptake (VO₂) and muscle strength require further investigation. The current study determined the 6MWT performance of 106 home-dwelling residents (mean age of 62 years) in Suzhou, China. VO₂ at a respiratory exchange ratio (R) of 1 was measured through graded cycling exercise tests on 46 participants. Handgrip strength of all participants was tested...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460707/could-peak-oxygen-uptake-be-estimated-from-proposed-equations-based-on-the-six-minute-walk-test-in-chronic-heart-failure-subjects
#16
Giane A Ribeiro-Samora, Dayane Montemezzo, Danielle A G Pereira, Thaysa L Tagliaferri, Otávia A Vieira, Raquel R Britto
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the agreement between the measured peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and the VO2peak estimated by four prediction equations based on the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in chronic heart failure patients. METHOD: Thirty-six chronic heart failure patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and the 6MWT to assess their VO2peak. Four previously published equations that include the variable six-minute walk distance were used to estimate the VO2peak: Cahalin, 1996a (1); Cahalin, 1996b (2); Ross, 2010 (3); and Adedoyin, 2010 (4)...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459605/objectively-measured-daily-life-physical-activity-of-moderate-to-severe-brazilian-asthmatic-women-in-comparison-to-healthy-controls-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Cristina Martins Coelho, Larissa Almeida Campos, Fabiana Oliveira Pereira, Ranieri Monteiro Cardoso, Lucas Mendes Nascimento, Jessica Blanc Leite Oliveira, Lucas Ricardo Andrade, Erich Vidal Carvalho, Maycon Moura Reboredo, Bruno Valle Pinheiro
Considering the complex relationship between asthma symptoms and exercise, asthmatics are usually believed to be less active in daily life than healthy subjects. However, few studies have objectively assessed daily-life physical activity (DLPA) of asthmatic adults. OBJECTIVE: To objectively assess DLPA of a sample of Brazilian asthmatic women in comparison to healthy controls, and to investigate the associations between DLPA and asthma control, health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression levels, and the Six-minute walk test (6MWT) in this population...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458721/physical-activity-counseling-promotes-physical-and-psychological-resilience-in-older-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Katherine S Hall, Jeffrey Gregg, Hayden B Bosworth, Jean C Beckham, Katherine D Hoerster, Richard Sloane, Miriam C Morey
Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have elevated rates of morbidity, and a sedentary lifestyle can cause and aggravate the physical health needs of adults with PTSD. The primary aim of this paper was to explore the impact of physical activity (PA) counseling (vs. usual care) on physical and psychological outcomes among individuals with PTSD. A secondary aim was to compare these arm effects between those with and without PTSD. METHODS: Older (>60 years) overweight veterans with impaired glucose tolerance were randomly assigned to an intervention or a usual care control arm...
October 2016: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447319/-effects-of-geriatric-copd-rehabilitation-on-hospital-admissions-and-exercise-tolerance-a%C3%A2-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Stephanie Blindenbach, Jisca W F A Vrancken, Hans van der Zeijden, Herre J Reesink, Folkert Brijker, Martin Smalbrugge, Elizabeth M Wattel
INTRODUCTION: Frail COPD patients are frequently not accepted for regular pulmonary rehabilitation programs due to low physical condition and functional limitations. Rehabilitation programs in nursing homes for geriatric patients with COPD have been developed. The effects of such programs are largely unknown. AIMS: To assess the course of COPD-related hospital admissions and exercise tolerance in a cohort of frail COPD patients participating in geriatric COPD rehabilitation...
April 26, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444072/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-in-the-intensive-care-unit-clinical-functional-and-quality-of-life-at-discharge-and-3-months-of-follow-up
#20
Renata Cristina Teixeira Pinto Viana, Mariangela Pimentel Pincelli, Emílio Pizzichini, André Pacheco Silva, Joice Manes, Tatiana Dias Marconi, Leila John Marques Steidle
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical/functional aspects and quality of life of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who were discharged after an intensive care unit admission for acute respiratory failure. Methods: This prospective study included chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who were admitted to two intensive care units between December of 2010 and August of 2011 and evaluated over three visits after discharge...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
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