keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

APH

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348522/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antimicrobial-activity-of-ts2037-a-novel-aminoglycoside-antibiotic
#1
Yoko Hirai, Kazunori Maebashi, Hideki Fushimi, Yukiko Hiraiwa, Shoichi Murakami, Takayuki Usui, Yoshihisa Akiyama, Nobuto Minowa, Daishiro Ikeda
To overcome serious methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections, we synthesized TS2037, 5,4″-diepi-arbekacin, a novel aminoglycoside antibiotic, and evaluated its biological properties. TS2037 showed broad-range, as well as robust antibacterial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The MIC50 and MIC90 of TS2037 against clinical isolates of MRSA (n = 54) were both 0.25 µg/mL, and no resistant strain was observed. The MIC50 and MIC90 of TS2037 against clinical isolates of P...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261405/evaluation-of-aminoglycoside-and-carbapenem-resistance-in-a-collection-of-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-clinical-isolates
#2
Selina Y L Holbrook, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative bacterium, is a member of the ESKAPE pathogens and one of the leading causes of healthcare-associated infections worldwide. Aminoglycosides (AGs) are recognized for their efficacy against P. aeruginosa. The most common resistance mechanism against AGs is the acquisition of AG-modifying enzymes (AMEs) by the bacteria, including AG N-acetyltransferases (AACs), AG O-phosphotransferases (APHs), and AG O-nucleotidyltransferases (ANTs). In this study, we obtained 122 multidrug-resistant P...
December 20, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244123/emergence-and-genomic-analysis-of-mdr-laribacter-hongkongensis-strain-hlgz1-from-guangzhou-china
#3
Hong-Kai Wu, Jian-Huan Chen, Ling Yang, A-Rong Li, Dan-Hong Su, Yong-Ping Lin, Ding-Qiang Chen
Background: Laribacter hongkongensis is a facultative anaerobic, non-fermentative, Gram-negative bacillus associated with community-acquired gastroenteritis and traveller's diarrhoea. No clinical MDR L. hongkongensis isolate has been reported yet. Methods: We performed WGS (PacBio and Illumina) on a clinical L. hongkongensis strain HLGZ1 with an MDR phenotype. Results: HLGZ1 was resistant to eight classes of commonly used antibiotics. Its complete genome was a single circular chromosome of 3 424 272 bp with a G + C content of 62...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243150/characterization-of-multiple-antibiotic-resistance-of-culturable-microorganisms-and-metagenomic-analysis-of-total-microbial-diversity-of-marine-fish-sold-in-retail-shops-in-mumbai-india
#4
Onkar A Naik, Ravindranath Shashidhar, Devashish Rath, Jayant R Bandekar, Archana Rath
Marine fish species were analyzed for culturable and total metagenomic microbial diversity, antibiotic resistance (AR) pattern, and horizontal gene transfer in culturable microorganisms. We observed a high AR microbial load of 3 to 4 log CFU g-1. Many fish pathogens like Providencia, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter, Vagococcus, and Aeromonas veronii were isolated. Photobacterium and Vibrio were two major fish and human pathogens which were identified in the fish metagenome. Other pathogens that were identified were Shewanella, Acinetobacter, Psychrobacter, and Flavobacterium...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234669/aminoglycoside-resistance-profile-and-structural-architecture-of-the-aminoglycoside-acetyltransferase-aac-6-im
#5
Clyde A Smith, Monolekha Bhattacharya, Marta Toth, Nichole K Stewart, Sergei B Vakulenko
Aminoglycoside 6'-acetyltransferase-Im (AAC(6')-Im) is the closest monofunctional homolog of the AAC(6')-Ie acetyltransferase of the bifunctional enzyme AAC(6')-Ie/APH(2")-Ia. The AAC(6')-Im acetyltransferase confers 4- to 64-fold higher MICs to 4,6-disubstituted aminoglycosides and the 4,5-disubstituted aminoglycoside neomycin than AAC(6')-Ie, yet unlike AAC(6')-Ie, the AAC(6')-Im enzyme does not confer resistance to the atypical aminoglycoside fortimicin. The structure of the kanamycin A complex of AAC(6')-Im shows that the substrate binds in a shallow positively-charged pocket, with the N6' amino group positioned appropriately for an efficient nucleophilic attack on an acetyl-CoA cofactor...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229634/genomic-insights-into-colistin-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-from-a-tunisian-teaching-hospital
#6
Nadia Jaidane, Rémy A Bonnin, Wejdene Mansour, Delphine Girlich, Elodie Creton, Garance Colleton, Cherifa Chaouch, Noureddine Boujaafar, Olfa Bouallegue, Thierry Naas
The emergence of colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CoRKp) is a public health concern since this antibiotic has become the last line of treatment for infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negatives. In this study, we have investigated the molecular basis of colistin-resistance in 13 MDR Kp isolated from 12 patients in a teaching hospital in Sousse, Tunisia. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was used to decipher the molecular mechanism of colistin-resistance and to identify the resistome of these CoRKp It revealed a genome of ca...
December 11, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226702/extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-wastewaters-and-refugee-camp-in-lebanon
#7
Sima Tokajian, Rima Moghnieh, Tamara Salloum, Harout Arabaghian, Sahar Alousi, Jennifer Moussa, Edmond Abboud, Souad Youssef, Rola Husni
AIM: To evaluate the effects of population influx of refugees on the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in wastewater networks in Lebanon. MATERIALS & METHODS: Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, multilocus sequence typing and antibiotic resistance genes typing were performed. RESULTS: 53.1% of isolates recovered from Al-Qaa refugee camp were positive for the tested resistant determinants compared with 49...
December 11, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212457/the-decision-delivery-interval-in-emergency-caesarean-section-and-its-associated-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Birjna A Hirani, Bariki L Mchome, Nicholaus S Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Decision delivery interval (DDI) is the time line between a decision to conduct an emergency caesarean section and actual delivery of the baby. Prolong DDI constitute a third phase delay in provision of emergency obstetric care. Intervention designed to minimize DDI are vital, in attempt to prevent maternal morbidity and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The feasibility and practicability of the recommended DDI in recent studies have been questioned especially in limited resource setting and therefore the objective of our study was to determine the DDI and its associated fetalmaternal outcomes at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania...
December 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204221/antibiotic-resistance-patterns-and-virulence-determinants-of-different-sccmec-and-pulsotypes-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-a-major-hospital-in-ilam-iran
#9
REVIEW
Mehdi Abbasi, Majid BaseriSalehi, Nima Bahador, Morovat Taherikalani
Aims & Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate genetic relatedness, antibiotic resistance pattern, and virulence characteristics of different types of S. aureus isolated from air, surfaces, staff, and patients in a Public hospital in Ilam. Methods & Materials: A total of 88 of 140 staphylococci identified as S. aureus by conventional and molecular methods were used in this study. Isolate samples were obtained from surfaces, staff, patients, and hospital indoor air...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190426/neuroprotective-effects-of-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-peptides-from-anchovy-coilia-mystus-against-glutamate-induced-toxicity-in-pc12-cells
#10
Tiantian Zhao, Guowan Su, Shuguang Wang, Qi Zhang, Jianan Zhang, Lin Zheng, Bao-Guo Sun, Mouming Zhao
Ameliorations of cholinergic system dysfunction and oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases were main approaches to improve memory disorder. Our previous investigation showed that anchovy protein hydrolysate (APH) could attenuate scopolamine-induced memory deficits in mice by regulating acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Therefore, peptides with AChE inhibitory activity in APH were explored and identified in this study, and their possible neuroprotective mechanisms on glutamate induced apoptosis in PC12 were also elucidated...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187841/genome-comparison-of-erythromycin-resistant-campylobacter-from-turkeys-identifies-hosts-and-pathways-for-horizontal-spread-of-erm-b-genes
#11
Diego Florez-Cuadrado, María Ugarte-Ruiz, Guillaume Meric, Alberto Quesada, M C Porrero, Ben Pascoe, Jose L Sáez-Llorente, Gema L Orozco, Lucas Domínguez, Samuel K Sheppard
Pathogens in the genus Campylobacter are the most common cause of food-borne bacterial gastro-enteritis. Campylobacteriosis, caused principally by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, is transmitted to humans by food of animal origin, especially poultry. As for many pathogens, antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter is increasing at an alarming rate. Erythromycin prescription is the treatment of choice for clinical cases requiring antimicrobial therapy but this is compromised by mobility of the erythromycin resistance gene erm(B) between strains...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185915/antibiotic-resistance-gene-detection-in-the-microbiome-context
#12
Thi Thuy Do, Javier Tamames, Robert D Stedtfeld, Xueping Guo, Sinead Murphy, James M Tiedje, Fiona Walsh
Within the past decade, microbiologists have moved from detecting single antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) to detecting all known resistance genes within a sample due to advances in next generation sequencing. This has provided a wealth of data on the variation and relative abundances of ARGs present in a total bacterial population. However, to use these data in terms of therapy or risk to patients, they must be analyzed in the context of the background microbiome. Using a quantitative PCR ARG chip and 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, we have sought to identify the ARGs and bacteria present in a fecal sample of a healthy adult using genomic tools...
November 29, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184366/polymerase-chain-reaction-detection-of-genes-responsible-for-multiple-antibiotic-resistance-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-food-of-animal-origin-in-egypt
#13
Fawzy R El Seedy, A A Samy, Hala S H Salam, Eman A Khairy, Aya A Koraney
Aim: The aim of our study was polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of the genes responsible for the multiple antibiotic resistance S. aureus isolated from food of animal origin in Egypt. Materials and Methods: A total of 125 samples were randomly collected from milk, meat, and their products from Giza and Beni-Suef Governorates markets. The S. aureus isolates were subjected to antimicrobial sensitivity tests using four antibacterial disks (Oxoid), and then the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed for detection of antibiotic resistance genes...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163422/a-novel-inca-c1-group-conjugative-plasmid-encoding-vim-1-metallo-beta-lactamase-mediates-the-acquisition-of-carbapenem-resistance-in-st104-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-neonates-in-the-intensive-care-unit-of-v-monaldi-hospital-in-naples
#14
Eliana P Esposito, Stefano Gaiarsa, Mariateresa Del Franco, Valeria Crivaro, Mariano Bernardo, Susanna Cuccurullo, Francesca Pennino, Maria Triassi, Piero Marone, Davide Sassera, Raffaele Zarrilli
The emergence of carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae has raised major public health concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular epidemiology and the mechanism of carbapenem resistance acquisition of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from 20 neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the V. Monaldi Hospital in Naples, Italy, from April 2015 to March 2016. Genotype analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) identified PFGE type A and subtypes A1 and A2 in 17, 2, and 1 isolates, respectively, and assigned all isolates to sequence type (ST) 104...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148887/wild-birds-as-a-potential-source-of-known-and-novel-multilocus-sequence-types-of-antibiotic-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis
#15
Dagmara Stępień-Pyśniak, Tomasz Hauschild, Anna Nowaczek, Agnieszka Marek, Marta Dec
We assessed the antibiotic resistance and genetic diversity of 27 Enterococcus faecalis isolates from 25 wild bird species in Poland. Resistance to lincomycin (100%) was most common followed by tetracycline (48%), erythromycin (44%), and ciprofloxacin (22%). High-level resistance to streptomycin and kanamycin was observed in 19 and 15% of isolates, respectively. One isolate (4%) exhibited low-level resistance to penicillin and vancomycin, and all isolates were susceptible to gentamicin and chloramphenicol. Antibiotic resistance was linked to the tet(M), tet(L), erm(A), erm(B), msr(A/B), ant(6)-Ia, and aph(3')-IIIa genes...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136156/increase-in-antimicrobial-resistance-and-emergence-of-major-international-high-risk-clonal-lineages-in-dogs-and-cats-with-urinary-tract-infection-16-year-retrospective-study
#16
Cátia Marques, Adriana Belas, Andreia Franco, Catarina Aboim, Luís Telo Gama, Constança Pomba
Objectives: To evaluate temporal trends in antimicrobial resistance, over 16 years, in bacteria isolated from dogs and cats with urinary tract infection (UTI) and the clonal lineages of bacteria harbouring critical antimicrobial resistance mechanisms. Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted for 948 bacteria isolated from dogs and cats with UTI (1999-2014). Resistance mechanisms were detected by PCR, namely ESBL/AmpC in third-generation cephalosporin (3GC)-resistant Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis, mecA in methicillin-resistant staphylococci, and aac(6')-Ieaph(2″)-Ia and aph(2″)-1d in high-level gentamicin-resistant (HLGR) enterococci...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132547/distribution-of-genes-encoding-resistance-to-aminoglycoside-modifying-enzymes-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-strains
#17
Azar Dokht Khosravi, Atefeh Jenabi, Effat Abbasi Montazeri
Today Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have acquired multiple resistance to a wide range of antibiotics including aminoglycosides. So, this study was aimed to investigate the rate of aminoglycoside resistance and the frequency of aminoglycoside resistance mediated genes of aac(Ia)-2, aph(3)-IIIa and ant(4')-Ia among MRSA strains. A total of 467 staphylococci isolates were collected from various clinical samples. S. aureus strains were identified by standard culture and identification criteria and investigating of presence of 16S rRNA and nuc genes...
December 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129431/ultra-rapid-catalytic-degradation-of-4-nitrophenol-with-ionic-liquid-recoverable-and-reusable-ibuprofen-derived-silver-nanoparticles
#18
Syeda Sara Hassan, Krista Carlson, Swomitra Kumar Mohanty, Sirajuddin, Ali Canlier
This study reports a one-pot and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of spherical ibuprofen derived silver nanoparticles (IBU-AgNPs) in aqueous media using ibuprofen analgesics drug as capping as well as reducing agent. Formation of AgNPs occurred within a few min (less than 5 min) at room temperature without resorting to any harsh conditions and hazardous organic solvents. Synthesized AgNPs were characterized with common analytical techniques. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images confirmed the formation of spherical particles having a size distribution in the range of 12...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127051/genomic-analysis-of-in-vivo-acquired-resistance-to-colistin-and-rifampin-in-acinetobacter-baumannii
#19
Nadia Jaidane, Thierry Naas, Wejdene Mansour, Bechir Ben Radhia, Sofiene Jerbi, Noureddine Boujaafar, Olfa Bouallegue, Rémy A Bonnin
Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen in health-care facilities responsible for nosocomial infections mostly in immune-compromised patients. Colistin resistance is increasingly reported worldwide in that species. We describe here in vivo selection of colistin and rifampin resistance in a carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (Ab). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing, plasmid analysis, and Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) were performed to fully characterize the resistome of AbS1 and AbS2 clinical isolates...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124067/labor-induction-with-orally-administrated-misoprostol-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Tove Wallstrom, Hans Jarnbert-Pettersson, David Stenson, Helena Akerud, Elisabeth Darj, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Eva Wiberg-Itzel
Introduction: One great challenge in obstetric care is labor inductions. Misoprostol has advantages in being cheap and stable at room temperature and available in resource-poor settings. Material and Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 4002 singleton pregnancies with a gestational age ≥34 w at Sodersjukhuset, Stockholm, during 2009-2010 and 2012-2013. Previously used methods of labor induction were compared with misoprostol given as a solution to drink, every second hour...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
91770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"