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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652124/ureterocalicostomy-for-reconstruction-of-complicated-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-adults-long-term-outcome-factors-predicting-its-failure-in-contemporary-cohort
#1
Devarshi Srivastava, Sanjoy K Sureka, Priyank Yadav, Ankur Bansal, Shashikant Gupta, Rakesh Kapoor, M S Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Ureterocalicostomy (UC) is a well-established treatment option for patients with recurrent ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with postoperative fibrosis and a relatively inaccessible renal pelvis. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of UC and factors predicting its failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data of 72 patients who underwent open or laparoscopic UC from 2000 to 2014. Variables that may affect the outcomes of UC were assessed with regard to primary pathology, age, serum creatinine, preoperative renal size (<15 cm and > 15 cm), renal cortical thickness (<5mm and >5 mm), grade of hydronephrosis and preoperative renal function (GFR < or >20 ml/min)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650528/urinary-diversions-in-low-resource-settings
#2
Jeffrey P Wilkinson
Obstetric fistula is a devastating consequence of poorly attended childbirth which occurs almost exclusively in low resource settings. Most women with fistula can be cured or significantly improved by one or more vaginal surgeries. The last resort for women with otherwise incurable obstetric fistula is urinary diversion. The ileal conduit urinary diversion was the procedure considered by the authors of the accompanying article (Walker et al BJOG). Under optimal conditions, any urinary diversion is fraught with numerous potential risks...
June 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649851/avoidance-of-urinary-catheterization-to-minimize-in-hospital-complications-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-an-observational-study
#3
Sandra B Lauck, Jae-Yung Kwon, David A Wood, Jennifer Baumbusch, Tone M Norekvål, Nay Htun, Leo Stephenson, John G Webb
BACKGROUND: Contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) devices and approach present opportunities to review historical practices initially informed by early treatment development and cardiac surgery. The avoidance of urinary catheterization in the older TAVI population is a strategy to minimize in-hospital complications. The purpose of the study was to explore elimination-related complications following the phased implementation of a default strategy of avoiding urinary catheterization in patients undergoing transfemoral (TF) TAVI...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648651/the-impact-of-functional-status-on-the-outcomes-of-endovascular-lower-extremity-revascularization-for-critical-limb-ischemia-in-the-elderly
#4
Isidore Dinga Madou, Martin D Slade, Kristine C Orion, Timur Sarac, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar
INTRODUCTION: Functional status is an important predictor of outcomes after infrainguinal bypass surgery. There is little data on the effect of functional status on the outcomes of endovascular LE interventions, especially in the elderly frail population. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons - National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) files for the years 2011-2013 to assess the impact of functional status on outcome after endovascular intervention for critical limb ischemia...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647723/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-high-impact-users-among-patients-with-cerebrovascular-conditions
#5
Ahsan Rao, Alice Jones, Alex Bottle, Ara Darzi, Paul Aylin
OBJECTIVE: To apply group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) to the hospital administrative data to evaluate, model and visualise trends and changes in the frequency of long-term hospital care use of the subgroups of patients with cerebrovascular conditions. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of patients with cerebrovascular conditions. SETTINGS: Secondary care of all patients with cerebrovascular conditions admitted to English National Hospital Service hospitals...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647576/robotic-assisted-excision-of-a-urachal-diverticulum
#6
Pamela Frazzini Padilla, Soo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a combined robotic assisted laparoscopic technique with concomitant cystoscopy use for excision of a urachal diverticulum, to ensure complete resection of diverticulum and bladder cuff. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration and explanation of the procedure using video illustration. IRB/Ethics Committee ruled that approval was not required for this case report, however patient consent was obtained. SETTING: Vesicourachal diverticula account for approximately 3-5% of congenital urachal anomalies...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647562/post-operative-complications-of-spina-bifida-patients-undergoing-urological-laparotomy-a-multi-institutional-analysis
#7
Christopher J Loftus, David C Moore, Joshua A Cohn, Douglas F Milam, Roger R Dmochowski, Dan Wood, Melissa R Kaufman, Hadley M Wood
OBJECTIVE: To characterize peri-operative morbidity and mortality of adult spina bifida patients undergoing laparotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the post-operative complications of 59 operations of spina bifida patients undergoing abdominal laparotomies for urological indications at three institutions. We evaluated post-operative complications using the Clavien-Dindo classification scale. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was 91...
June 21, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645950/variation-in-the-prevalence-of-urinary-catheters-a-profile-of-national-health-service-patients-in-england
#8
David Clifford Shackley, Cameron Whytock, Gareth Parry, Laurence Clarke, Charles Vincent, Abigail Harrison, Amber John, Lloyd Provost, Maxine Power
INTRODUCTION: Harm from catheter-associated urinary tract infections is a common, potentially avoidable, healthcare complication. Variation in catheter prevalence may exist and provide opportunity for reducing harm, yet to date is poorly understood. This study aimed to determine variation in the prevalence of urinary catheters between patient groups, settings, specialities and over time. METHODS: A prospective study (July 2012 to April 2016) of National Health Service (NHS) patients surveyed by healthcare professionals, following a standardised protocol to determine the presence of a urinary catheter and duration of use, on 1 day per month using the NHS Safety Thermometer...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644565/long-term-risk-of-infection-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-on-anti-tnf-treatment-a-prospective-single-center-cohort-study-in-china
#9
Yue Li, Hui Jun Shu, Hong Lu, Hong Yang, Ji Li, Bei Tan, Jiaming Qian
BACKGROUND: Anti-TNF agents have demonstrated to greatly improve management strategies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Clinical trials and registry studies in Western countries have shown that infections and malignancy are the most concerned complications of anti-TNF treatment. However, data derived from clinical practice in China are limited. The aim of this study is to explore the long-term infection risk of infliximab (IFX) in treating patients with Crohn's disease (CD) from a tertiary IBD center in China...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637056/-urosepsis-in-children
#10
Josef Oswald
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common infectious diseases in children. Urosepsis in childhood, though rare, is the most complicated possible variant. In newborns and infants, unspecific symptoms are a significant barrier to a fast and reliable diagnosis, which is crucial to successful treatment. In addition to urine and laboratory tests as well as non-invasive examinations (ultrasound), there may be an indication for invasive examinations of the kidneys (DMSA scans) in cases of a severe infection...
June 21, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635280/anti-adhesive-activity-and-metabolomics-analysis-of-rat-urine-after-cranberry-vaccinium-macrocarpon-aiton-administration
#11
Gregorio Peron, Pellizzaro Anna, Brun Paola, Elisabetta Schievano, Stefano Mammi, Stefania Sut, Ignazio Castagliuolo, Stefano Dall'Acqua
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton) is used to treat non-complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). A-type procyanidins (PAC-A) are considered the active constituents being able to inhibit bacterial adhesion to the urinary epithelium. However, there are doubts about PAC-A role in UTIs, due to their poor bioavailability, extensive metabolism, limited knowledge about urinary excretion and contradictory clinical trials. The effects of 35 days cranberry (11 mg/kg PAC-A, 4 mg/kg PAC-B) supplementation were studied in healthy rats using a UPLC-MS-based metabolomics approach...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631906/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-part-7-forming-ureterointestinal-anastomoses
#12
B K Komyakov, V A Ochelenko, M V Onoshko, T Kh Al-Attar, A Kh Gaziev
AIM: To present the results and technical features of forming the ureterointestinal anastomoses in intestinal ureteral substitution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1998 to December 2016, 168 patients (mean age 51 +/- 8.7 years) underwent ureteral substitution using intestinal segments at the Urology Clinic of the I.I. Mechnikov NWSMU. Of them, 76 (45.2%) were males. In 119 (70.8%) patients, intestinal segments were used to replace various parts of the ureters (iliac in 92, colonic in 4, appendix in 23), and in 49 (29...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630194/pharmacokinetics-safety-and-tolerability-of-single-dose-intravenous-zti-01-and-oral-fosfomycin-in-healthy-volunteers
#13
E Wenzler, E J Ellis-Grosse, K A Rodvold
The pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of intravenous (IV) fosfomycin disodium (ZTI-01) and oral fosfomycin tromethamine were evaluated after a single dose in 28 healthy adult subjects. Subjects received a single 1 hour IV infusion of 1 g and 8 g fosfomycin disodium and a single dose of 3 g oral fosfomycin tromethamine in a phase I, randomized, open-label, three-period crossover study. Serial blood and urine samples were collected before and up to 48 hours after dosing. The mean pharmacokinetic parameters ± standard deviations of fosfomycin in plasma after 1 g and 8 g IV were: Cmax= 44...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629786/-pregnancy-and-delivery-for-women-with-congenital-spinal-cord-defects-and-neurogenic-bladder
#14
Q Manach, M Dommergues, P Denys, K Loiseau, B Idiard-Chamois, E Chartier-Kastler, V Phé
INTRODUCTION: Data are scarce regarding pregnancy and delivery among women with a neurogenic bladder due to congenital spinal cord defects. OBJECTIVE: To report the obstetrical and urological outcomes of women with congenital spinal cord defects and vesico-sphincteric disorders. METHODS: A retrospective multicentric study included all consecutive women with a neurogenic bladder due to congenital spinal defects, who delivered between January 2005 and December 2014...
June 16, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626377/kidney-injury-due-to-ureteral-obstruction-caused-by-compression-from-infected-simple-hepatic-cyst
#15
Naoya Sawada, Tetsu Endo, Kenichiro Mikami, Go Igarashi, Juichi Sakamoto, Hiroshi Tono, Shinsaku Fukuda
Simple hepatic cysts are common and most often asymptomatic. In symptomatic cases, hemorrhage, rupture, and infection are major complications. However, urinary tract obstruction caused by a simple hepatic cyst is rare. We treated an 82-year-old Japanese man with an infected giant hepatic cyst causing right hydronephrosis who had a past history of left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. The patient underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage and sclerotherapy with minocycline hydrochloride for the infected hepatic cyst...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624175/prospective-study-comparing-laparoscopic-and-open-radical-cystectomy-surgical-and-oncological-results
#16
C Esquinas, J M Alonso, E Mateo, A Dotor, A M Martín, J F Dorado, I Arance, J C Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an increasingly widespread operation. Studies are needed to support the oncological effectiveness and safety of this minimally invasive approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A nonrandomised, comparative prospective study between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) was conducted in a university hospital. The main objective was to compare cancer-specific survival...
June 14, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621639/outcome-of-the-double-j-stent-placement-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#17
Hakan Sözen, Onur Özen, Kibriya Fidan, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Double J stent placement at kidney transplant may reduce stenosis or leakage complication rates. However, placement may also increase risk for early urinary tract infection (ie, < 3 mo after transplant). In children, the usefulness of double J stent placement is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from children who received transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center and Pediatric Nephrology (Ankara, Turkey) for outcomes related to double J stents...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621029/urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-underestimated-event
#18
Christopher Bliemel, Benjamin Buecking, Juliana Hack, Rene Aigner, Daphne-Asimenia Eschbach, Steffen Ruchholtz, Ludwig Oberkircher
AIM: Urinary tract infections (UTI) represent a common perioperative complication among elderly patients with hip fracture. To determine the impact of UTI on the perioperative course of elderly patients with hip fractures, a prospective study was carried out. METHODS: A total of 402 surgically-treated geriatric hip fracture patients were consecutively enrolled at a level 1 trauma center. On admission, all patients received an indwelling urinary catheter. Clinically symptomatic patients were screened more closely for UTI...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620307/peri-and-postoperative-treatment-with-the-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-anakinra-is-safe-in-patients-undergoing-renal-transplantation-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Catharina M Mulders-Manders, Marije C Baas, Femke M Molenaar, Anna Simon
In patients undergoing solid organ transplantation, the presence of an interleukin-1 (IL-1) driven disease may require the addition of IL-1 inhibiting drugs to the standard immunosuppressive regimen to protect against inflammation and negative graft outcome. Three patients undergoing renal transplantation were treated perioperatively with the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist anakinra. Kidney function increased rapidly in all three and the only complications seen were minor infections. In vitro studies report associations between serum and urinary levels of IL-1β and IL-1 receptor antagonist and negative graft outcome, and studies in animals and two small human trials illustrate a possible protective effect of anti-IL-1 therapy after solid organ transplantation...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614007/ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-a-ten-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india
#20
Samantha Sathyakumar, Thomas Vizhalil Paul, Hesargatta Shyamsunder Asha, Birla Roy Gnanamuthu, M J Paul, Deepak Thomas Abraham, Simon Rajaratnam, Nihal Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic ACTH secretion is a less common cause of Cushing's syndrome, and is seen in 5 to 10% of cases with endogenous hypercortisolemia. We hereby describe our experience of patients with ectopic ACTH syndrome, who have been managed over the past 10 years at a tertiary care centre in Southern India. METHODS: The inpatient and outpatient records of patients from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, clinical history, biochemical values, imaging features which included radiological findings and PET scans, management, details of follow-up and outcomes were documented...
June 14, 2017: Endocrine Practice
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