Read by QxMD icon Read

myocardial code

Melissa D Zullo, Emily C Gathright, Mary A Dolansky, Richard A Josephson, Vinay K Cheruvu, Joel W Hughes
PURPOSE: On the basis of several small studies, depression is often considered a barrier to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) enrollment and program completion. The purpose of this research was to examine the association between depression diagnosis and participation in CR in a large sample of Medicare beneficiaries with recent myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Medicare beneficiaries with an MI during 2008 (N = 158 991). CR enrollment was determined by the Carrier and Outpatient files using the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System #93797 or #93798...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Kristi Reynolds, Alan S Go, Thomas K Leong, Denise M Boudreau, Andrea E Cassidy-Bushrow, Stephen P Fortmann, Robert J Goldberg, Jerry H Gurwitz, David J Magid, Karen L Margolis, Catherine J McNeal, Katherine M Newton, Rachel Novotny, Charles P Quesenberry, Wayne D Rosamond, David H Smith, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Suma Vupputuri, Stephen C Waring, Marc S Williams, Stephen Sidney
BACKGROUND: Monitoring trends in cardiovascular events can provide key insights into the effectiveness of prevention efforts. Leveraging data from electronic health records provides a unique opportunity to examine contemporary, community-based trends in acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations. METHODS: We examined trends in hospitalized acute myocardial infarction incidence among adults aged ≥25 years in 13 U.S. health plans in the Cardiovascular Research Network...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Andrew A M Ibey, Derek Andrews, Barb Ferreira
The authors present a case in which a physical anomaly with an infusion pump resulted in an unforeseen fault that the nurse's attempts to resolve unknowingly exacerbated. This case study presents the first report in the literature to detail the difficulty in recreating a patient safety event using smart pump logs, support server continuous quality improvement (CQI) data, and the drug order entry system to elucidate the clinical scenario. A 75-year-old male patient presented to a major teaching hospital and was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a massive gastrointestinal bleed and myocardial infarction, then stabilized...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Jacob R Joseph, Brandon W Smith, Paul Park
OBJECTIVE: National databases are used with increasing frequency in spine surgery literature to evaluate patient outcomes. The differences between individual databases in relationship to outcomes of lumbar fusion are not known. We evaluated the variability in standard outcomes of posterior lumbar fusion between the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) database and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample (NIS). METHODS: NIS and UHC databases were queried for all posterior lumbar fusions (ICD-9 81...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Natalie Szpakowski, Maria C Bennell, Feng Qiu, Dennis T Ko, Jack V Tu, Paul Kurdyak, Harindra C Wijeysundera
BACKGROUND: Depression is prevalent among patients with myocardial infarction and is associated with a worse prognosis. However, little is known about its importance in patients with chronic stable angina. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study to determine the occurrence and predictors of developing depression in patients with a new diagnosis of chronic stable angina. In addition, we sought to understand its impact on subsequent clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our cohort included patients in Ontario, Canada, with stable angina based on obstructive coronary artery disease found on angiogram...
October 4, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Lauren Sinnenberg, Christie L DiSilvestro, Christina Mancheno, Karl Dailey, Christopher Tufts, Alison M Buttenheim, Fran Barg, Lyle Ungar, H Schwartz, Dana Brown, David A Asch, Raina M Merchant
Importance: As society is increasingly becoming more networked, researchers are beginning to explore how social media can be used to study person-to-person communication about health and health care use. Twitter is an online messaging platform used by more than 300 million people who have generated several billion Tweets, yet little work has focused on the potential applications of these data for studying public attitudes and behaviors associated with cardiovascular health. Objective: To describe the volume and content of Tweets associated with cardiovascular disease as well as the characteristics of Twitter users...
September 28, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Fereshteh Safari, Shahnaz Shekarforoosh, Tahmineh Hashemi, Simin Namvar Aghdash, Asefeh Fekri, Fatemeh Safari
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sirtinol, as an inhibitor of sirtuin NAD-dependent histone deacetylases, on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury following early and late ischemia preconditioning (IPC). Rats underwent sustained ischemia and reperfusion (IR) alone or proceeded by early or late IPC. Sirtinol (S) was administered before IPC. Arrhythmias were evaluated based on the Lambeth model. Infarct size (IS) was measured using triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. The transcription level of antioxidant-coding genes was assessed by real-time PCR...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
John F O Sullivan, Antoinette Neylon, Catherine McGorrian, Gavin J Blake
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, have been implicated as regulators of all mediators of atherosclerosis, and some reports have suggested increased levels in coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the potential of miRNAs as biomarkers or predictors of disease remains to be established. METHODS: We designed a study comprising 150 patients (50 Control, 50 Stable CAD, and 50 ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)), and measured plasma miRNAs in each...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Lisa Rosenblatt, Amanda M Farr, Ella T Nkhoma, James K Nelson, Corey Ritchings, Stephen S Johnston
BACKGROUND: A previous cohort study indicated that atazanavir (ATV), a protease inhibitor used for HIV treatment, is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. The objective of this study was to compare the risk of CV events among antiretroviral-naïve patients initiating ATV-containing versus ATV-free ARV regimens. METHODS: Patients with HIV who newly initiated antiretroviral therapy were selected from MarketScan Commercial and Multi-State Medicaid databases...
September 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chad Gwaltney, Matthew Reaney, Meaghan Krohe, Mona M Martin, Heather Falvey, Patrick Mollon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This qualitative interview study was designed to highlight the symptoms and functional limitations experienced by patients in the year following a myocardial infarction (MI). This information can support the use or development of patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments in the post-MI population. METHODS: Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted with 38 participants who had experienced an MI (with or without ST segment elevation) within the past month to <6 months (n = 17), or 6 months to ≤12 months (n = 21)...
September 14, 2016: Patient
Na Li, Murugavel Ponnusamy, Meng-Peng Li, Kun Wang, Pei-Feng Li
Approximately 2% of the human genome consists of protein-coding regions. Therefore, the majority of transcripts are noncoding RNAs, such as microRNA (miRNA) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). In ischemic heart disease, the majority of miRNAs are repressors or destabilizers of target messenger RNAs. The lncRNAs are a second class of noncoding RNAs that have recently gained attention for their roles in heart disease and in regulating the functions of miRNA. In this review, we summarize the role of miRNA in pathological cardiac hypertrophy and myocardial infarction...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Chaoyu Sun, Hao Jiang, Zhiguo Sun, Yifang Gui, Hongyuan Xia
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently been shown as novel promising diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers for various cancers. However, lncRNA expression patterns and their predictive value in early diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) have not been systematically investigated. In our study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of lncRNA expression profiles in MI and found altered lncRNA expression pattern in MI compared to healthy samples. We then constructed a lncRNA-mRNA dysregulation network (DLMCEN) by integrating aberrant lncRNAs, mRNAs and their co-dysregulation relationships, and found that some of mRNAs were previously reported to be involved in cardiovascular disease, suggesting the functional roles of dysregulated lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of MI...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Tiffany E Chang, Harlan M Krumholz, Shu-Xia Li, John Martin, Isuru Ranasinghe
BACKGROUND: The availability of hospital cardiac services may vary between hospitals and influence care processes and outcomes. However, data on available cardiac services are restricted to a limited number of services collected by the American Hospital Association (AHA) annual survey. We developed an alternative method to identify hospital services using individual patient discharge data for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Premier Healthcare Database. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five inpatient cardiac services relevant for AMI care were identified using American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines...
September 14, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Samih Z Thalji, Anai N Kothari, Paul C Kuo, Michael J Mosier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after burn injury as an independent risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality over initial hospitalization and 1-year follow-up. BACKGROUND: Variability in fluid resuscitation and difficulty recognizing early sepsis are major barriers to preventing AKI after burn injury. Expanding our understanding of the burden AKI has on the clinical course of burn patients would highlight the need for standardized protocols...
September 8, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Arvind Dabass, Evelyn O Talbott, Richard A Bilonick, Judith R Rager, Arvind Venkat, Gary M Marsh, Chunzhe Duan, Tao Xue
BACKGROUND: U.S. urban air quality has improved dramatically over the past decades. We evaluated acute effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on cardiovascular (CVD) mortality among residents of Allegheny County in SW Pennsylvania (1999-2011) using spatio-temporal modeling of air pollutants (AP) to reduce misclassification error in exposure assessment. METHODS: Spatio-temporal kriging of daily PM2.5 and ozone (O3) was used to produce daily exposure estimates at the residence ZIP code...
August 31, 2016: Environmental Research
Ding-Kuo Chien, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chien-Hsuan Huang, Shou-Chuan Shih, Wen-Han Chang
OBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a medical emergency; a missed or delayed diagnosis of this disease may contribute to a poor outcome and even death. Several studies have found elderly patients with AMI have atypical presentations for diagnosis, therefore we undertook this study to determine the risks among the elderly population, especially in female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this one-year retrospective study, we reviewed the cases of AMI patients who had visited the emergency department at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan, and who had either been discharged or had died following a diagnosis of AMI (ICD code 410)...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
P Jettoo, P James
PURPOSE: To compare dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation with multiple screw fixation for intracapsular hip fractures in terms of complications and conversion to hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Records of 52 884 patients aged ≥50 years who underwent internal fixation using a dynamic hip screw (n=18 014, 34.1%) or multiple screws (n=34 870, 65.9%) for intracapsular femoral neck fracture from September 2007 to September 2013 were extracted from the hospital admission database that covers all admissions to the National Health Service hospitals in England using the ICD-10 and OPCS-4 codes...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Alka B Patel, Hude Quan, Robert C Welsh, Jessica Deckert-Sookram, Wayne Tymchak, Sunil Sookram, Ian Surdhar, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: Health care administrative databases are useful for assessing the population-level burden of disease and examining issues related to access, costs and quality of care. In these databases, the diagnoses and procedures are coded with the use of the World Health Organization International Classification of Diseases (ICD). We examined the validity of 2 ICD-10 coding definitions for categorizing patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) as having ST-elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation MI (non-STEMI)...
October 2015: CMAJ Open
Iacopo Fabiani, Cristian Scatena, Chiara Maria Mazzanti, Lorenzo Conte, Nicola Riccardo Pugliese, Sara Franceschi, Francesca Lessi, Michele Menicagli, Andrea De Martino, Stefano Pratali, Uberto Bortolotti, Antonio Giuseppe Naccarato, Salvatore La Carrubba, Vitantonio Di Bello
AIMS: Myocardial fibrosis (MF) is a deleterious consequence of aortic valve stenosis (AVS). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a novel left ventricular (LV) functional parameter potentially useful to non-invasively estimate MF. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small ribonucleic acids (RNA) modulating genes function, mainly through RNA degradation. miRNA-21 is a biomarker associated with MF in pressure overload. The aim of the present study was to find an integrated algorithm for detection of MF using a combined approach with both bio- and functional markers...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
A Gabet, E Chatignoux, P Ducimetière, N Danchin, V Olié
BACKGROUND: A dramatic reduction in mortality from myocardial infarction (MI) has been observed in France as in other western countries. The dynamics of this decline are likely to have differed according to age and sex. Our study sought to clarify the contributions of age, period and birth-cohort effects on post-MI mortality in France between 1975 and 2010 and to identify gender-specific trends. METHODS: Trends were analysed using an age-period-cohort (APC) model...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"