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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527093/income-disparities-in-healthcare-use-remain-after-controlling-for-healthcare-need-evidence-from-swedish-register-data-on-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#1
Sofia Löfvendahl, Anna Jöud, Ingemar F Petersson, Elke Theander, Åke Svensson, Katarina Steen Carlsson
We used a southern Swedish cohort of psoriasis (PSO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients and population-based referents (N = 57,800) to investigate the influence of socioeconomic and demographic factors on the probability of healthcare use and on healthcare costs when controlling for need as measured by PSO/PsA and common additional morbidities such as diabetes, depression and myocardial infarction. People with PSO/PsA were identified by ICD-10 codes in the Skåne Healthcare Register 1998-2007. Resource use and costs for years 2008-2011 were retrieved from the Skåne Healthcare Register and the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, and socioeconomic data were retrieved from Statistics Sweden...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510117/novex-3-the-tiny-titin-of-muscle
#2
REVIEW
Dalma Kellermayer, John E Smith, Henk Granzier
The giant multi-functional striated muscle protein titin is the third most abundant muscle protein after myosin and actin. Titin plays a pivotal role in myocardial passive stiffness, structural integrity and stress-initiated signaling pathways. The complete sequence of the human titin gene contains three isoform-specific mutually exclusive exons [termed novel exons (novex)] coding for the I-band sequence, named novex-1 (exon 45), novex-2 (exon 46) and novex-3 (exon 48). Transcripts containing either the novex-1 or novex-2 exons code for the novex-1 and novex-2 titin isoforms...
April 7, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507884/a-retrospective-analysis-of-complications-associated-with-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-in-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#3
Kevork Hindoyan, Justin Tilan, Zorica Buser, Jeremiah R Cohen, Darrel S Brodke, Jim A Youssef, Jong-Beom Park, S Tim Yoon, Hans-Joerg Meisel, Jeffrey C Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to quantify the frequency of complications associated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) use in anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF). METHODS: The orthopedic subset of the Medicare database (PearlDiver) was queried for this retrospective cohort study using International Statistical Classification of Diseases 9 (ICD-9) and Current Procedure Terminology (CPT) codes for ALIF procedures with and without rhBMP-2 between 2005 and 2010...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497843/heart-failure-pilot-transcriptomic-analysis-of-cardiac-tissue-by-rna-sequencing
#4
Concetta Schiano, Valerio Costa, Marianna Aprile, Vincenzo Grimaldi, Ciro Maiello, Roberta Esposito, Andrea Soricelli, Vittorio Colantuoni, Francesco Donatelli, Alfredo Ciccodicola, Claudio Napoli
BACKGROUND: Despite left ventricular (LV) dysfunction contributing to mortality in chronic heart failure (HF), the molecular mechanisms of LV failure continues to remain poorly understood and myocardial biomarkers have yet to be identified. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate specific transcriptome changes occurring in cardiac tissues of patients with HF compared to healthy condition patients to improve diagnosis and possible treatment of affected subjects. METHODS: Unlike other studies, only dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (n = 2) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) (n = 2) patients who did not report family history of the disease were selected with the aim of obtaining a homogeneous population for the study...
May 12, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494900/perioperative-strokes-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-with-staged-carotid-endarterectomy-a-nationwide-perspective
#5
Hannah Cheng, Reshmi Udesh, Amol Mehta, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of perioperative stroke on in-hospital morbidity and mortality in staged coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) procedures. DESIGN: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to extract data on all patients who underwent staged CABG CEA procedures. They were identified using the ICD-9 (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification) diagnosis and procedure codes...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470529/systematic-cell-based-phenotyping-of-missense-alleles
#6
Aenne S Thormählen, Heiko Runz
Sequencing of the protein-coding genome, the exome, has proven powerful to unravel links between genetic variation and disease for both Mendelian and complex conditions. Importantly, however, the increasing number of sequenced human exomes and mapping of disease-associated alleles is accompanied by a simultaneous, yet exponential increase in the overall number of rare and low frequency alleles identified. For most of these novel alleles, biological consequences remain unknown since reliable experimental approaches to better characterize their impact on protein function are only slowly emerging...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458305/periodontal-treatment-and-the-risks-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Chiung-Huei Peng, Yi-Sun Yang, Kuei-Chuan Chan, Edy Kornelius, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, Chien-Ning Huang
Objective Periodontal disease may predispose individuals to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Diabetes mellitus, especially in patients with severe periodontitis, increases the risk of CVD mortality. However, the outcomes of periodontal therapy vary among the different treatment modalities. We aim to investigate whether periodontal treatment could influence the occurrence of CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes and periodontal problems. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on a dataset released by Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI)...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449094/hepatic-tm6sf2-overexpression-affects-cellular-apob-trafficking-plasma-lipid-levels-hepatic-steatosis-and-atherosclerosis
#8
Nicole Ehrhardt, Michael E Doche, Shuang Chen, Hui Z Mao, Meghan T Walsh, Candy Bedoya, Maha Guindi, Weidong Xiong, Joseph Ignatius Irudayam, Jahangir Iqbal, Sebastien Fuchs, Samuel W French, M Mahmood Hussain, Moshe Arditi, Vaithilingaraja Arumugaswami, Miklós Péterfy
The human TM6SF2 gene has been implicated in plasma lipoprotein metabolism, alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and myocardial infarction in multiple genome-wide association studies. To investigate the role of Tm6sf2 in metabolic homeostasis, we generated mice with elevated expression using adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene delivery. Hepatic overexpression of mouse Tm6sf2 resulted in phenotypes previously observed in Tm6sf2-deficient mice including reduced plasma lipid levels, diminished hepatic TG secretion and increased hepatosteatosis...
April 25, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440996/-quality-dimensions-focused-on-the-healthcare-protocol-infarction-code-c%C3%A3-digo-infarto
#9
Jesús Arriaga-Dávila, Gilberto Pérez-Rodríguez, Gabriela Borrayo-Sánchez
The Código Infarto (Infarction Code) strategy is part of the comprehensive care program "A Todo Corazón" (To All Heart), whose aim is to reinforce the prevention and health care of cardiovascular diseases. Mexico faces a big challenge, since it is the country with greater mortality secondary to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the first 30 days in patients of 45 years or older (28% compared with 7.9% of the average). In addition, Mexico's population has a high prevalence of risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, tobacco use, dyslipidemias, overweight, and obesity)...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432439/characterization-of-a-functional-recombinant-human-creatine-kinase-mb-isoenzyme-prepared-by-tandem-affinity-purification-from-escherichia-coli
#10
Lihui Zou, Wen Su, Meng Wang, Wei Huang, Haijian Zhao, Enyi Zhang, Junhua Jin, Hongtao Xu, Fei Xiao
Creatine kinase isoform CK-MB has been widely applied as a biomarker of myocardial injury. While a variety of methods have been used to measure CK-MB activity or mass in clinical laboratories, a CK-MB standard is needed to eliminate between-method bias. Because the in vitro expression of human creatine kinase generates three isoenzymes, CK-MM, CK-MB, and CK-BB, it is important to establish an effective method to purify the isoform CK-MB from the mixture. In this study, we aimed at using tandem affinity purification (TAP) to purify recombinant CK-MB protein and evaluate its value in clinical laboratories...
April 21, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430919/non-coding-rnas-in-cardiovascular-diseases-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-perspectives
#11
Wolfgang Poller, Stefanie Dimmeler, Stephane Heymans, Tanja Zeller, Jan Haas, Mahir Karakas, David-Manuel Leistner, Philipp Jakob, Shinichi Nakagawa, Stefan Blankenberg, Stefan Engelhardt, Thomas Thum, Christian Weber, Benjamin Meder, Roger Hajjar, Ulf Landmesser
Recent research has demonstrated that the non-coding genome plays a key role in genetic programming and gene regulation during development as well as in health and cardiovascular disease. About 99% of the human genome do not encode proteins, but are transcriptionally active representing a broad spectrum of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) with important regulatory and structural functions. Non-coding RNAs have been identified as critical novel regulators of cardiovascular risk factors and cell functions and are thus important candidates to improve diagnostics and prognosis assessment...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430850/trends-in-hospitalization-for-hypertensive-emergency-and-relationship-of-end-organ-damage-with-in-hospital-mortality
#12
Mahek Shah, Shantanu Patil, Brijesh Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Lohit Garg, Sahil Agrawal, Larry Jacobs, Susan P Steigerwalt, Matthew W Martinez
BACKGROUND: There are no comprehensive guidelines on management of hypertensive emergency (HTNE) and complications. Despite advances in antihypertensive medications HTNE is accompanied with significant morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We queried the 2002-2012 nationwide inpatient sample database to identify patients with HTNE. Trends in incidence of HTNE and in-hospital mortality were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between end-organ complications and in-hospital mortality...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430627/the-long-non-coding-rna-h19-promotes-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#13
Yanlin Zhang, Mengyao Zhang, Weiting Xu, Jianchang Chen, Xiang Zhou
In the previous study, we generated a rat model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) induced by adriamycin and found that the expression of lncRNA H19 was significantly upregulated in myocardial tissue. The present study was aimed to investigate the potential role of H19 in the pathogenesis of adriamycin-induced DCM. H19 knockdown in the myocardium of DCM rats attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improved left ventricular structure and function. Adriamycin treatment was associated with elevated H19 and miR-675 expression and increased apoptosis in neonatal cardiomyocytes...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424575/contribution-of-autonomic-reflexes-to-the-hyperadrenergic-state-in-heart-failure
#14
REVIEW
Edgar Toschi-Dias, Maria Urbana P B Rondon, Chiara Cogliati, Nazareno Paolocci, Eleonora Tobaldini, Nicola Montano
Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome representing the clinical endpoint of many cardiovascular diseases of different etiology. Given its prevalence, incidence and social impact, a better understanding of HF pathophysiology is paramount to implement more effective anti-HF therapies. Based on left ventricle (LV) performance, HF is currently classified as follows: (1) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF); (2) with mid-range EF (HFmrEF); and (3) with preserved EF (HFpEF). A central tenet of HFrEF pathophysiology is adrenergic hyperactivity, featuring increased sympathetic nerve discharge and a progressive loss of rhythmical sympathetic oscillations...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406212/human-knockouts-and-phenotypic-analysis-in-a-cohort-with-a-high-rate-of-consanguinity
#15
Danish Saleheen, Pradeep Natarajan, Irina M Armean, Wei Zhao, Asif Rasheed, Sumeet A Khetarpal, Hong-Hee Won, Konrad J Karczewski, Anne H O'Donnell-Luria, Kaitlin E Samocha, Benjamin Weisburd, Namrata Gupta, Mozzam Zaidi, Maria Samuel, Atif Imran, Shahid Abbas, Faisal Majeed, Madiha Ishaq, Saba Akhtar, Kevin Trindade, Megan Mucksavage, Nadeem Qamar, Khan Shah Zaman, Zia Yaqoob, Tahir Saghir, Syed Nadeem Hasan Rizvi, Anis Memon, Nadeem Hayyat Mallick, Mohammad Ishaq, Syed Zahed Rasheed, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Memon, Khalid Mahmood, Naveeduddin Ahmed, Ron Do, Ronald M Krauss, Daniel G MacArthur, Stacey Gabriel, Eric S Lander, Mark J Daly, Philippe Frossard, John Danesh, Daniel J Rader, Sekar Kathiresan
A major goal of biomedicine is to understand the function of every gene in the human genome. Loss-of-function mutations can disrupt both copies of a given gene in humans and phenotypic analysis of such 'human knockouts' can provide insight into gene function. Consanguineous unions are more likely to result in offspring carrying homozygous loss-of-function mutations. In Pakistan, consanguinity rates are notably high. Here we sequence the protein-coding regions of 10,503 adult participants in the Pakistan Risk of Myocardial Infarction Study (PROMIS), designed to understand the determinants of cardiometabolic diseases in individuals from South Asia...
April 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403435/hospital-admissions-for-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-before-and-after-the-trans-fatty-acid-restrictions-in-new-york
#16
Eric J Brandt, Rebecca Myerson, Marcelo Coca Perraillon, Tamar S Polonsky
Importance: Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) have deleterious cardiovascular effects. Restrictions on their use were initiated in 11 New York State (NYS) counties between 2007 and 2011. The US Food and Drug Administration plans a nationwide restriction in 2018. Public health implications of TFA restrictions are not well understood. Objective: To determine whether TFA restrictions in NYS counties were associated with fewer hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke compared with NYS counties without restrictions...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402863/biotagging-of-specific-cell-populations-in-zebrafish-reveals-gene-regulatory-logic-encoded-in-the-nuclear-transcriptome
#17
Le A Trinh, Vanessa Chong-Morrison, Daria Gavriouchkina, Tatiana Hochgreb-Hägele, Upeka Senanayake, Scott E Fraser, Tatjana Sauka-Spengler
Interrogation of gene regulatory circuits in complex organisms requires precise tools for the selection of individual cell types and robust methods for biochemical profiling of target proteins. We have developed a versatile, tissue-specific binary in vivo biotinylation system in zebrafish termed biotagging that uses genetically encoded components to biotinylate target proteins, enabling in-depth genome-wide analyses of their molecular interactions. Using tissue-specific drivers and cell-compartment-specific effector lines, we demonstrate the specificity of the biotagging toolkit at the biochemical, cellular, and transcriptional levels...
April 11, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402772/delays-in-emergency-care-and-mortality-during-major-u-s-marathons
#18
Anupam B Jena, N Clay Mann, Leia N Wedlund, Andrew Olenski
BACKGROUND: Large marathons frequently involve widespread road closures and infrastructure disruptions, which may create delays in emergency care for nonparticipants with acute medical conditions who live in proximity to marathon routes. METHODS: We analyzed Medicare data on hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction or cardiac arrest among Medicare beneficiaries (≥65 years of age) in 11 U.S. cities that were hosting major marathons during the period from 2002 through 2012 and compared 30-day mortality among the beneficiaries who were hospitalized on the date of a marathon, those who were hospitalized on the same day of the week as the day of the marathon in the 5 weeks before or the 5 weeks after the marathon, and those who were hospitalized on the same day as the marathon but in surrounding ZIP Code areas unaffected by the marathon...
April 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390663/the-impact-of-using-sagittal-abdominal-diameter-to-predict-major-cardiovascular-events-in-european-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
K Rådholm, A Tengblad, E Dahlén, T Länne, J Engvall, F H Nystrom, C J Östgren
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is associated with diabetes type 2 and one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. We explored if sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) is a better predictor of major cardiovascular events than waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) in type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CARDIPP study consists of a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes. In this study we used data from 635 participants with no previous myocardial infarction or stroke, with a mean follow-up time of 7...
February 16, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381647/prevalence-of-positive-troponin-and-echocardiogram-findings-and-association-with-mortality-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#20
Peter Wrigley, Jane Khoury, Bryan Eckerle, Kathleen Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Daniel Woo, Mathew L Flaherty, Felipe De Los Rios la Rosa, Jason Mackey, Opeolu Adeoye, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Brett M Kissela, Dawn O Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients may have raised serum cardiac troponin levels on admission, although it is unclear what prognostic implications this has, and whether elevated levels are associated with cardiac causes of stroke or structural cardiac disease as seen on echocardiogram. We investigated the positivity of cardiac troponin and echocardiogram testing within a large biracial AIS population and any association with poststroke mortality. METHODS: Within a catchment area of 1...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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