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Diabetes dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#1
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879623/the-risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-hemorrhage-after-tooth-extraction-a-multi-center-retrospective-study-of-patients-receiving-oral-antithrombotic-therapy
#2
Takumi Hasegawa, Souichi Yanamoto, Akira Tachibana, Yuka Kojima, Yoshito Koyama, Michinori Maeda, Takahide Komori
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the multivariate relationships between specific risk factors and postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction in patients who were prescribed oral antithrombotic therapy. Risk factors for postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Patient characteristics such as age and gender; the presence or absence of known comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cerebral infarction, and alcohol consumption; and perioperative diarrhea were assessed...
September 6, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865394/clinical-measures-of-balance-in-people-with-type-two-diabetes-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
C J Dixon, T Knight, E Binns, B Ihaka, D O'Brien
Approximately 422 million people have diabetes mellitus worldwide, with the majority diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The complications of diabetes mellitus include diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and retinopathy, both of which can lead to balance impairments. Balance assessment is therefore an integral component of the clinical assessment of a person with T2DM. Although there are a variety of balance measures available, it is uncertain which measures are the most appropriate for this population...
August 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828005/missing-teeth-and-prosthetic-treatment-in-patients-treated-at-college-of-dentistry-university-of-dammam
#4
Shaimaa M Fouda, Fahad A Al-Harbi, Soban Q Khan, Jorma I Virtanen, Aune Raustia
The percentage of completely and partially edentulous patients and their prosthetic treatment at the Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences (SDS), College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, were investigated. Panoramic radiographs and medical records of adult patients (n = 479, mean age 45.9 years, and range 25-96 years) treated in 2011-2014 were examined. 6% of the patients were completely edentulous, 8% had single jaw edentulousness, and 74% were partially edentulous. Edentulousness was significantly correlated with age and the number of missing teeth was significantly higher among males (p < 0...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642531/evidence-summary-the-relationship-between-oral-diseases-and-diabetes
#5
F D'Aiuto, D Gable, Z Syed, Y Allen, K L Wanyonyi, S White, J E Gallagher
Introduction This paper is the third of four rapid reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policymakers.Aims This review aimed to explore the nature of the association between poor oral health and diabetes when found in the same individuals or populations, having reviewed the most contemporary evidence in the field.Methods The reviews were undertaken by four groups each comprising consultant clinicians from medicine and dentistry, trainees, public health and academics...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#6
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419770/pilot-survey-of-the-health-of-massachusetts-dentists
#7
Romesh P Nalliah, Alan Budd, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentistry is a career that is very rewarding because of the direct opportunity to deliver essential health services to patients in need. Dentistry is also very demanding; mentally, physically, and even emotionally. Little is known about the health of dentists and how it compares to the health of the general population. The aim of the present study was to report on the general health and health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: A medical health and health practices survey was developed from the Delaware Valley Community Health Center and customized...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406124/comparison-of-patients-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-study
#8
T Sitilci, S Demirgan, C Akcay, N Kahraman, B G Koseoglu, M A Erdem, A B Cankaya
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We analyzed and retrospectively compared patients with and without intellectual disability (ID) who underwent oral surgery under general anesthesia at Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of General Anesthesia, between October 2012 and June 2013 with regard to the following categories: Demographic features, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Mallampati score, type of anesthetic drug used during the operation, type of intubation used, any difficulties with tracheal intubation, presence of systemic diseases, and recovery times after ending general anesthesia...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387884/the-probiotics-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
A M Pujia, M Costacurta, L Fortunato, G Merra, S Cascapera, M Calvani, S Gratteri
The total number of microbes that colonize the human body is far greater than the number of cells that make it up. In recent years, it has been shown that bacteria play an essential role in the body; in fact, they are essential for the maturation of the intestine, the development and control of the immune system, the development of the brain, the metabolism of macronutrients, the synthesis of vitamins, and the energy balance. Bacteria play an essential role in defense of their territory against the entry of other bacteria that may be pathogenic to health...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316922/miracle-cells-for-natural-dentistry-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Neeti Bajaj, Sameksha Arora
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. Recently, enormous growth has been seen in the recognition of stem cell-based therapies, which have the potential to ameliorate the life of patients with conditions that span from Parkinson's disease to cardiac ischemia to bone or tooth loss. This research has produced new but unexplored possibilities in the regeneration of different organs and tissues. Presently, research is focused on the proficiency of stem cells and their utilization in dentistry, which is gaining interest...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174362/most-frequent-oral-lesions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Micheline S Trentin, Georgia Verardi, Michele De C Ferreira, João P de Carli, Soluete O da Silva, Igor Fp Lima, Luiz R Paranhos
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease caused by the underproduction of insulin in the organism and it is considered a risk factor to periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study performed a cross-sectional research on the main oral changes in patients with DM2 and nondiabetics, in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample included 116 patients examined at the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic of the School of Medicine of the University of Passo Fundo (UPF) and 134 nondiabetic patients examined at the Examinations, Triage, and Emergency Sector of the School of Dentistry of UPF...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125407/bioimpedance-measurements-in-dentistry-to-detect-inflammation-numerical-modelling-and-experimental-results
#12
Gloria Cosoli, Lorenzo Scalise, Gerardo Tricarico, Paola Russo, Graziano Cerri
Bioimpedance measurements represent an advantageous method to evaluate the physio-pathological conditions of biological tissues and their use is spreading in different application fields, from the evaluation of body composition to the vital signs monitoring, passing through the individuation of cancer tissues and the detection of different substances (e.g. glucose measurements in people affected by diabetes). In fact, tissues electric properties vary with their conditions; for example, electrical conductivity increases when there is an inflammatory process, because of the presence of oedema, hyperaemia and infiltration...
January 26, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938696/weak-evidence-hinders-the-understanding-of-the-benefits-of-periodontal-therapy-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-periodontitis
#13
Carolina Rodríguez-Medina, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Javier Enrique Botero
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Treatment of periodontal disease for glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus. Simpson TC, Weldon JC, Worthington HV, Needleman I, Wild SH, Moles DR, Stevenson B, Furness S, Iheozor-Ejiofor Z. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015;11:CD004714. SOURCE OF FUNDING: This project was supported by the NIHR, via Cochrane Infrastructure funding to the Cochrane Oral Health Group, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester (UK), Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre (UK), and the National Institute for Health Research (UK) TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857081/interprofessional-working-a-spearhead-opportunity-for-dentistry-and-pharmacy
#14
N Wilson, A Soni
Dentistry and pharmacy have an opportunity, through interprofessional working, to spearhead a move towards more integrated healthcare provision, in particular for patients with chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes. The proposed interprofessional working poses certain challenges, but offers may opportunities and benefits.
November 18, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761554/to-what-extent-should-dental-implant-placement-be-adopted-as-a-standard-for-diabetic-patients
#15
REVIEW
Ahmed S Alzahrani, Hassan H Abed
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered one of the major chronic diseases in the world. Long-term hyperglycemia considerably affects the body tissues, and consequently, can lead to morbidity and mortality. Moreover, many oral complications have been observed with DM but little consideration in relation to the placement of dental implants has been investigated. Dental research has analyzed the relation of dental implants and bone osseointegration in diabetic patients. Theoretically, an impaired immune system and delayed wound healing of these patients might decrease the success rate of implant placement; however, with noticeable advances in evidence-based dentistry and statistically significant results, successful implant treatment could be achieved significantly in well-controlled diabetic patients...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688429/medical-emergencies-in-pediatric-dentistry
#16
REVIEW
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523517/oral-health-literacy-and-measures-of-periodontal-disease
#17
Jennifer S Holtzman, Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence demonstrating a relationship between health literacy (HL) and periodontal health is insufficient to identify how providers can help patients manage periodontal disease. This study assesses associations between HL measures (word recognition, numeracy, and conceptual knowledge) and signs of periodontal disease. METHODS: This study included 325 new patients at a dental school clinic and employed an oral HL (OHL) survey, full-mouth radiographs, and clinical examination...
January 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502782/periodontitis-is-an-independent-risk-indicator-for-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases-among-60%C3%A2-174-participants-in-a-large-dental-school-in-the-netherlands
#18
Nicky G F M Beukers, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Arjen J van Wijk, Bruno G Loos
BACKGROUND: The association between periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ACVD) has been established in some modestly sized studies (<10 000). Rarely, however, periodontitis has been studied directly; often tooth loss or self-reported periodontitis has been used as a proxy measure for periodontitis. Our aim is to investigate the adjusted association between periodontitis and ACVD among all individuals registered in a large dental school in the Netherlands (Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA))...
January 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501487/geriatric-periodontology-how-the-need-to-care-for-the-aging-population-can-influence-the-future-of-the-dental-profession
#19
REVIEW
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469548/the-influence-of-%C3%A2-conical-plus-octagonal%C3%A2-internal-connection-on-implant-survival-and-success-rate-a-retrospective-study-of-66-fixtures
#20
M A Lopez, M Andreasi Bassi, L Confalone, R M Gaudio, L Lombardo, D Lauritano
Implant oral rehabilitation has become one of the most successful dentistry techniques over the last 30 years. However, peri-implantitis is the most important complication in implant dentistry. Peri-implantits can be caused by inadequate implant-abutment connections (IAC). The aim of our study is to evaluate the influence of “conical plus octagonal” (i.e. I-Fix connection) on implant survival and success rate. All the implants included in this study were of a completely new type (I-Fix implants and abutments by FMD Falappa Medical Devices S...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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