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Diabetes dentistry

Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Neeti Bajaj, Sameksha Arora
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. Recently, enormous growth has been seen in the recognition of stem cell-based therapies, which have the potential to ameliorate the life of patients with conditions that span from Parkinson's disease to cardiac ischemia to bone or tooth loss. This research has produced new but unexplored possibilities in the regeneration of different organs and tissues. Presently, research is focused on the proficiency of stem cells and their utilization in dentistry, which is gaining interest...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Micheline S Trentin, Georgia Verardi, Michele De C Ferreira, João P de Carli, Soluete O da Silva, Igor Fp Lima, Luiz R Paranhos
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease caused by the underproduction of insulin in the organism and it is considered a risk factor to periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study performed a cross-sectional research on the main oral changes in patients with DM2 and nondiabetics, in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample included 116 patients examined at the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic of the School of Medicine of the University of Passo Fundo (UPF) and 134 nondiabetic patients examined at the Examinations, Triage, and Emergency Sector of the School of Dentistry of UPF...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Gloria Cosoli, Lorenzo Scalise, Gerardo Tricarico, Paola Russo, Graziano Cerri
Bioimpedance measurements represent an advantageous method to evaluate the physio-pathological conditions of biological tissues and their use is spreading in different application fields, from the evaluation of body composition to the vital signs monitoring, passing through the individuation of cancer tissues and the detection of different substances (e.g. glucose measurements in people affected by diabetes). In fact, tissues electric properties vary with their conditions; for example, electrical conductivity increases when there is an inflammatory process, because of the presence of oedema, hyperaemia and infiltration...
January 26, 2017: Physiological Measurement
Carolina Rodríguez-Medina, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Javier Enrique Botero
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Treatment of periodontal disease for glycaemic control in people with diabetes mellitus. Simpson TC, Weldon JC, Worthington HV, Needleman I, Wild SH, Moles DR, Stevenson B, Furness S, Iheozor-Ejiofor Z. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015;11:CD004714. SOURCE OF FUNDING: This project was supported by the NIHR, via Cochrane Infrastructure funding to the Cochrane Oral Health Group, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester (UK), Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre (UK), and the National Institute for Health Research (UK) TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
N Wilson, A Soni
Dentistry and pharmacy have an opportunity, through interprofessional working, to spearhead a move towards more integrated healthcare provision, in particular for patients with chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes. The proposed interprofessional working poses certain challenges, but offers may opportunities and benefits.
November 18, 2016: British Dental Journal
Ahmed S Alzahrani, Hassan H Abed
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered one of the major chronic diseases in the world. Long-term hyperglycemia considerably affects the body tissues, and consequently, can lead to morbidity and mortality. Moreover, many oral complications have been observed with DM but little consideration in relation to the placement of dental implants has been investigated. Dental research has analyzed the relation of dental implants and bone osseointegration in diabetic patients. Theoretically, an impaired immune system and delayed wound healing of these patients might decrease the success rate of implant placement; however, with noticeable advances in evidence-based dentistry and statistically significant results, successful implant treatment could be achieved significantly in well-controlled diabetic patients...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Jennifer S Holtzman, Kathryn A Atchison, Mark D Macek, Daniela Markovic
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence demonstrating a relationship between health literacy (HL) and periodontal health is insufficient to identify how providers can help patients manage periodontal disease. This study assesses associations between HL measures (word recognition, numeracy, and conceptual knowledge) and signs of periodontal disease. METHODS: This study included 325 new patients at a dental school clinic and employed an oral HL (OHL) survey, full-mouth radiographs, and clinical examination...
January 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Nicky G F M Beukers, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Arjen J van Wijk, Bruno G Loos
BACKGROUND: The association between periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ACVD) has been established in some modestly sized studies (<10 000). Rarely, however, periodontitis has been studied directly; often tooth loss or self-reported periodontitis has been used as a proxy measure for periodontitis. Our aim is to investigate the adjusted association between periodontitis and ACVD among all individuals registered in a large dental school in the Netherlands (Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA))...
January 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Ira B Lamster
The world's population is aging, and it has been estimated that by 2050, the number of people 65 years of age and older will reach 1.5 billion. The aging population will be affected by noncommunicable chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment. This important demographic shift includes a reduction in tooth loss/edentulism, particularly in older adults of the developed countries in North America, western Europe and north-east Asia. Therefore, in the future, dental providers will be required to care for an expanded number of older adults who have retained teeth and are medically complex...
2016: Periodontology 2000
M A Lopez, M Andreasi Bassi, L Confalone, R M Gaudio, L Lombardo, D Lauritano
Implant oral rehabilitation has become one of the most successful dentistry techniques over the last 30 years. However, peri-implantitis is the most important complication in implant dentistry. Peri-implantits can be caused by inadequate implant-abutment connections (IAC). The aim of our study is to evaluate the influence of “conical plus octagonal” (i.e. I-Fix connection) on implant survival and success rate. All the implants included in this study were of a completely new type (I-Fix implants and abutments by FMD Falappa Medical Devices S...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Jens Christoph Türp, Heinz Spranger
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancers, and diabetes mellitus, are responsible for most deaths worldwide. In view of the rising prevalence and the long-term consequences of NCDs, their prevention is a public health priority. Dentistry plays an important role in this endeavor. Since oral and general diseases share common risk factors (e.g., poor oral hygiene, unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse, tobacco consumption, distress), preventive measures may target both oral diseases (e...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
Eman Mostafa Ahmed Ibraheem, Amany Mohy Eldeen
BACKGROUND: The platform switching concept was recently introduced to implant dentistry involving the reduction of restoration abutment diameter with respect to the diameter of dental implant. Long-term follow-up around these implants showed higher levels of bone preservation and proper stress distribution and improved esthetics. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the changes in bone height by means of radiographic examination around platform switched implant supporting mandibular overdentures in controlled diabetic patients...
December 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Ross Stuart Richards, Phillip Taderera Bwititi, Kester Awharentomah Digban, Luke Itietie Mudiaga, Eferhire Aganbi, Okuguni Ojodeme
BACKGROUND: Although several epidemiological studies have reported an association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and orodental health. However, the occurrence of the co-morbidity of both diseases has been more of suspicion than evidence-based. DM is a serious public health concern globally, and in Nigeria. Studies have separately documented the prevalence of DM and orodental diseases, but data lacks to adequately rationalise co-morbidity of both diseases. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to report evidence of co-morbidity of DM and orodental diseases in Nigeria...
April 13, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
M T Rosedale, S M Strauss, N Kaur, C Knight, D Malaspina
OBJECTIVES: This study examined patient experiences after receiving elevated diabetes screening values using blood collected at a dental clinic. It explores patients' reactions to screening, whether or not they sought recommended medical follow-up, and facilitating factors and barriers to obtaining follow-up care. METHODS: At the comprehensive care clinics at a large, urban College of Dentistry in the United States, haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) values were obtained from 379 study participants who had not been previously diagnosed with diabetes...
April 1, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Duong T Tran, Isabel C Gay, Janice Diaz-Rodriguez, Kavitha Parthasarathy, Robin Weltman, Lawrence Friedman
PURPOSE: To compare dental implant survival rates when placed in native bone and grafted sites. Additionally, risk factors associated with dental implant loss were identified. This study was based on the hypothesis that bone grafting has no effect on implant survival rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients receiving dental implants at the University of Texas, School of Dentistry from 1985 to 2012. Exclusion criteria included patients with genetic diseases, radiation and chemotherapy, or an age less than 18 years...
March 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Kunal Jha, Aarti Garg, Ridhi Narang, Sunanda Das
The concept of Unani medicine is based on balancing body humours, the imbalance of which causes diseases. The application of leech therapy in medical and dental science is well recognized. Although easy and non-invasive, complications also exist. The article aims to presents a brief review on the applications of leech therapy. The physiological effect, along with its therapeutic role in cancer, diabetes and dentistry have been underlined. Complications of leech therapy have also been dealt with.
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Haline Renata Dalago, Guenther Schuldt Filho, Mônica Abreu Pessoa Rodrigues, Stefan Renvert, Marco Aurélio Bianchini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify systemic and local risk indicators associated with peri-implantitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-three patients treated with 916 osseointegrated titanium implants, in function for at least 1 year, were included in the present study. The implants were installed at the Foundation for Scientific and Technological Development of Dentistry (FUNDECTO) - University of Sao Paulo (USP) - from 1998 to 2012. Factors related to patient's systemic conditions (heart disorders, hypertension, smoking habits, alcoholism, liver disorders, hepatitis, gastrointestinal disease, diabetes mellitus I and II, hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, menopause, osteoporosis, active periodontal disease, history of periodontal disease and bruxism), implant's characteristics (location, diameter, length, connection, shape, and antagonist), and clinical parameters (wear facets, periodontal status on the adjacent tooth, plaque accumulation on the adjacent tooth, modified plaque index, sulcus bleeding index, probing depth, bleeding on probing, width of keratinized tissue and marginal recession)...
January 11, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Makoto Kajizono, Hikaru Sada, Yuhko Sugiura, Yoshihiko Soga, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Junji Matsuoka, Toshiaki Sendo
Zoledronic acid and denosumab are two antiresorptive drugs currently in use for treating osteoporosis. They have different mechanisms of action, but both have been shown to delay the onset of skeletal-related events in patients with advanced cancer. However, medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) has been reported in cancer patients treated with zoledronic acid or denosumab. We studied 155 patients with several types of advanced cancer who were treated with zoledronic acid or denosumab in our hospital during the period from April 2010 through March 2013...
2015: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Thais Inacio Rolim Povoa, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Brunela Chinem, Luciana Jardim, Rafaela Bernardes, Antonio Coca, Paulo Cesar Brandão Veiga Jardim
BACKGROUND: The knowledge of the presence and evolution of cardiovascular risk factors in young people may significantly contribute to actions to modify the natural history of these risks and prevent the onset of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence and evolution of cardiovascular risk factors in health professionals over a 20-year period. METHODS: A group of individuals was evaluated when they first started graduate programs in medicine, nursing, nutrition, dentistry, and pharmacy, and 20 years later...
2015: BMC Public Health
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