keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

restless leg syndrome ADHD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519964/somatic-and-neuropsychiatric-comorbidities-in-pediatric-restless-legs-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Marco Angriman, Samuele Cortese, Oliviero Bruni
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a relatively common neurological disorder in childhood, although it is usually overlooked due to the atypical presentation in children and associated comorbid conditions that may affect its clinical presentation. Here, we aimed to perform, for the first time, a systematic review of studies reporting the association between RLS in children and adolescents (<18 y) and somatic or neuropsychiatric conditions. We searched for peer-reviewed studies in PubMed, Ovid (including PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE(®), and Embase), Web of Knowledge (Web of Science, Biological abstracts, BIOSIS, FSTA) through November 2015, with no language restrictions...
July 1, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357497/sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-current-status-of-knowledge-and-appropriate-management
#2
REVIEW
Ming-Horng Tsai, Jen-Fu Hsu, Yu-Shu Huang
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 5 % of children and adolescents, and sleep problems are common in these patients. There is growing evidence informing the significant importance of sleep problems in youth with ADHD. The sleep problems in children with ADHD include specific sleep disorders and sleep disturbances due to comorbid psychiatric disorders or ADHD medications. The specific sleep disorders of ADHD children include behaviorally based insomnia, sleep-disordered breathing, and restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movement disorder...
August 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255788/sleep-related-disorders-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-preliminary-results-of-a-full-sleep-assessment-study
#3
Silvia Miano, Maria Esposito, Giuseppe Foderaro, Gian Paolo Ramelli, Valdo Pezzoli, Mauro Manconi
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: We present the preliminary results of a prospective case-control sleep study in children with a diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A deep sleep assessment including sleep questionnaires, sleep habits, a video-polysomnographic recording with full high-density electroencephalography (EEG) and cardiorespiratory polygraphy, multiple sleep latency test, and 1-week actigraphic recording were performed to verify whether children with ADHD may be classified into one of the following five phenotypes: (1) hypoarousal state, resembling narcolepsy, which may be considered a "primary" form of ADHD; (2) delayed sleep onset insomnia; (3) sleep-disordered breathing; (4) restless legs syndrome and/or periodic limb movements; and (5) sleep epilepsy and/or EEG interictal epileptiform discharges...
June 3, 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26418664/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-adult-adhd-and-its-subtypes
#4
Mark A Snitselaar, Marcel G Smits, Jan Spijker
In this observational cross-sectional study, 49 subjects were assessed for sleep disorders and for ADHD symptoms. Thirty-six received an ADHD diagnosis (29: combined type (ADHD-C); 7: inattentive type). An RLS and RLS symptoms prevalence of 34.5% was found, with a higher prevalence rate in the ADHD-C subgroup, although not significantly (p = 0.066). RLS symptoms were correlated with particularly hyperactivity-impulsivity (ρ = 0.742; p: 0.000). ADHD patients with positive RLS scores reported higher scores on the ADHD-Rating scale compared with patients with negative RLS scores (Z: -2...
September 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25555628/association-between-restless-legs-syndrome-and-adult-adhd-in-a-german-community-based-sample
#5
Mandy Roy, Martina de Zwaan, Inka Tuin, Alexandra Philipsen, Elmar Brähler, Astrid Müller
OBJECTIVE: Previous research in clinical samples indicated a significant association between ADHD and restless legs syndrome (RLS). The present study examined the association between adult ADHD and RLS in the German population. METHOD: Self-rating instruments to assess RLS, childhood ADHD, and adult ADHD were administered to a community-based sample (N = 1,632). In addition, current depression and anxiety, sleep disturbances, weight, and height were assessed by self-report...
January 2, 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25127644/associations-of-sleep-disturbance-with-adhd-implications-for-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Allan Hvolby
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is commonly associated with disordered or disturbed sleep. The relationships of ADHD with sleep problems, psychiatric comorbidities and medications are complex and multidirectional. Evidence from published studies comparing sleep in individuals with ADHD with typically developing controls is most concordant for associations of ADHD with: hypopnea/apnea and peripheral limb movements in sleep or nocturnal motricity in polysomnographic studies; increased sleep onset latency and shorter sleep time in actigraphic studies; and bedtime resistance, difficulty with morning awakenings, sleep onset difficulties, sleep-disordered breathing, night awakenings and daytime sleepiness in subjective studies...
March 2015: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25114692/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-and-sleep-problems-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-single-institution-study
#7
Soonhak Kwon, Youngsoo Sohn, Seong-Hoon Jeong, Un-Sun Chung, Hyeeun Seo
PURPOSE: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children. Patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) often present with ADHD symptoms and vice versa. This study was the first to attempt to identify the prevalence of RLS and sleep problems in children with ADHD in Korea. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ADHD were asked to complete a sleep questionnaire. The sleep questionnaire included items to help identify the presence of four typical symptoms that are used as diagnostic criteria for RLS...
July 2014: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25095868/-a-possible-coexistence-between-restless-legs-syndrom-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Jørgen Tilma, Per Hove Thomsen, John R Ostergaard
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have consistently been found to coexist frequently. The cause for the relationship of these co-morbid disorders is contradicting, but both disorders are associated with a common dopaminergic dysfunction, low iron status, sleep disruptions and genetic linking. Well-known diagnostic criteria are necessary for early diagnosis and optimal treatment. Further investigation is needed to identify the pathogenesis, the genetic background and better validated treatment options...
February 17, 2014: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24862749/sleep-related-breathing-disorder-is-associated-with-hyperactivity-in-preschoolers
#9
Zhimin Ren, Anli Qiu
INTRODUCTION: Sleep problems are a prominent feature in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Unlike existing studies that focused on extreme samples (i.e. normal vs. ADHD), our study investigated the associations of sleep-related behaviours and ADHD features in nonclinical Chinese preschoolers. METHODS: All participants were recruited via advertisements and screened for eligibility through a telephone interview prior to an onsite visit...
May 2014: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24360552/daytime-dysfunction-in-children-with-restless-legs-syndrome
#10
Naomichi Furudate, Yoko Komada, Mina Kobayashi, Shun Nakajima, Yuichi Inoue
We investigated daytime dysfunction in children with restless legs syndrome (RLS) and the effects of treatment primarily with iron supplements on RLS symptoms and daytime dysfunction. We recruited 25 children with RLS (male:female=6:19, mean age at study onset: 12.3 years) for this prospective study, assessing their demographics, symptomatic characteristics, serum ferritin levels, and daytime functioning using the ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS-IV), the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC), and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™)...
January 15, 2014: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24079375/spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-possible-animal-model-of-sleep-related-movement-disorders
#11
Andrea M Esteves, Cleide Lopes, Roberto Frussa-Filho, Miriam K Frank, Daniel Cavagnolli, Ricardo M Arida, Sergio Tufik, Marco Tulio de Mello
Clinical experience suggests that restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic leg movement (PLM), and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may co-occur in both children and adults. The purpose of the present study was to provide an electrocorticography and electromyography evaluation of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) to investigate the potential of this rat strain as an animal model of RLS-PLM. Initial work focused on evaluating sleep patterns and limb movements during sleep in SHR, having normotensive Wistar rats (NWR) as control, followed by comparison of two treatments (pharmacological-dopaminergic agonist treatment and nonpharmacological-chronic physical exercise), known to be clinically beneficial for sleep-related movement disorders...
2013: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24022016/case-reports-of-sleep-phenotypes-of-adhd-from-hypothesis-to-clinical-practice
#12
Silvia Miano, Renato Donfrancesco, Pasquale Parisi, Jole Rabasco, Anna Rita Mazzotta, Alessandra Tabarrini, Ottavio Vitelli, Maria Pia Villa
OBJECTIVE: Five sleep ADHD phenotypes have been hypothesized: (a) the hypo-arousal state of the "primary" form of ADHD, (b) the sleep phase advanced disorder, (c) sleep disordered breathing (SDB), (d) restless legs syndrome and/or periodic limb movements disorder (PLMD), and (e) epilepsy. METHOD: Five case reports are presented; each child but one underwent video-polysomnography. RESULTS: The first case report is an example of ADHD and SDB, with improvement of hypersomnolence after resolution of sleep apnea...
October 2013: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23880489/assessment-and-management-of-sleep-problems-in-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Samuele Cortese, Thomas E Brown, Penny Corkum, Reut Gruber, Louise M O'Brien, Mark Stein, Margaret Weiss, Judith Owens
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence- or consensus-based recommendations concerning the assessment and management of sleep problems in youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE, and Web of Knowledge were searched through October 31, 2012. When no evidence was available, consensus of the authors was achieved. The evidence-level of the recommendations on the management of sleep disturbances was based on the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) system...
August 2013: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23415543/time-structure-of-leg-movement-activity-during-sleep-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-effects-of-levodopa
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Raffaele Ferri, Oliviero Bruni, Luana Novelli, Matthew A Picchietti, Daniel L Picchietti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the leg movement (LM) time structure (periodicity and night distribution) during sleep in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their eventual changes after treatment with levodopa (L-DOPA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One group of ADHD patients (n=18) and another group of normal controls (n=17) were recruited; those with ADHD were randomized to L-DOPA or placebo therapy. At baseline (both groups) and after therapy (only patients) subjects underwent full-night polysomnography (PSG) and the leg motor pattern was evaluated with advanced tools of analysis particularly able to detect and describe LM time structure (periodicity and distribution)...
April 2013: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23082739/iron-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-what-is-the-empirical-evidence-so-far-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Samuele Cortese, Marco Angriman, Michel Lecendreux, Eric Konofal
The authors systematically reviewed evidence on iron status, as well as studies of iron supplementation, in individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE and Web of Knowledge were searched on 4 July 2012. Quantitative appraisal of trials was performed using Jadad's score. Most (n = 20) of the retrieved studies assessed an index of peripheral iron status (i.e., serum ferritin), with overall mixed results - that is, both significant and nonsignificant association between ADHD symptoms and serum ferritin levels...
October 2012: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22608760/the-sleep-phenotypes-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-the-role-of-arousal-during-sleep-and-implications-for-treatment
#16
Silvia Miano, Pasquale Parisi, Maria Pia Villa
About 25-50% of children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience sleep problems. An appropriate assessment and treatment of such problems might improve the quality of life in such patients and reduce both the severity of ADHD and the impairment it causes. According to data in the literature and to the overall complexity of the interaction between ADHD and sleep, five sleep phenotypes may be identified in ADHD: (i) a sleep phenotype characterized mainly by a hypo-arousal state, resembling narcolepsy, which may be considered a "primary" form of ADHD (i...
August 2012: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22033171/sleep-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adults-past-present-and-future
#17
REVIEW
Sun Young Rosalia Yoon, Umesh Jain, Colin Shapiro
The understanding that sleep can give rise to, or exacerbate symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and that good sleep hygiene improves attention and concentration tasks has sparked interest in the investigation of possible etiological relationships between sleep disorders and ADHD. Studies indicate that 30% of children and 60-80% of adults with ADHD have symptoms of sleep disorders such as daytime sleepiness, insomnia, delayed sleep phase syndrome, fractured sleep, restless legs syndrome, and sleep disordered breathing...
August 2012: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21544992/-the-current-state-of-knowledge-of-pediatric-sleep-medicine-report-from-the-congress-of-the-international-pediatric-sleep-association-ipsa-joint-meeting-with-pediatric-sleep-medicine-conference-rome-2010
#18
Jolanta Wasilewska
The Congress of the International Pediatric Sleep Association joint meeting with Pediatric Sleep Medicine Conference was held in Rome on December 3-5, 2010. It was chaired by the president of IPSA, prof. O. Bruni. About 400 participants taking part in 20 sessions could listen to lectures delivered by the most prominent specialists in pediatric sleep medicine. The presented issues related to sleep development, sleep-disordered breathing, abnormal behaviors and movements during sleep (restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, bruxism), epilepsy, narcolepsy, insomnia, infant apnea, arousals and SIDS, sleep problems in children with other diseases (cancer, autism, ADHD, obesity), pharmacological treatment of pediatric sleep disorders, sleep habits, sleep education programs for children and families...
February 2011: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21476956/restless-legs-syndrome-in-children-a-review-and-update-on-pharmacological-options
#19
REVIEW
Eric Frenette
Restless legs syndrome (RLS), formally identified and described by Ekbom in the 1940s, is a common clinical disorder, characterized by an overwhelming urge to move the legs, often accompanied by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensations. This impulse can also be present in the upper limbs or other parts of the body. Well recognized in the adult population, the symptoms associated with this condition have commonly been reported to originate in childhood. However, identifying prospectively children suffering from RLS is still a challenging issue...
2011: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21473668/genome-wide-association-study-of-motor-coordination-problems-in-adhd-identifies-genes-for-brain-and-muscle-function
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ellen A Fliers, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Geert Poelmans, Nanda Rommelse, Marieke Altink, Cathelijne Buschgens, Philip Asherson, Tobias Banaschewski, Richard Ebstein, Michael Gill, Ana Miranda, Fernando Mulas, Robert D Oades, Herbert Roeyers, Aribert Rothenberger, Joseph Sergeant, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Stephen V Faraone, Jan K Buitelaar, Barbara Franke
OBJECTIVES: Motor coordination problems are frequent in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We performed a genome-wide association study to identify genes contributing to motor coordination problems, hypothesizing that the presence of such problems in children with ADHD may identify a sample of reduced genetic heterogeneity. METHODS: Children with ADHD from the International Multicentre ADHD Genetic (IMAGE) study were evaluated with the Parental Account of Children's Symptoms...
March 2012: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
91747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"