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intraosseus infusion

Andrzej Kurowski, Dariusz Timler, Togay Evrin, Ɓukasz Szarpak
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to investigate the success rate and time of insertion intraosseous access during simulated resuscitation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a randomized crossover study involving 107 paramedics. They were timed from start of insertion attempt to successful insertion and asked to score perceived difficulty of intraosseus access devices. Bone injection gun (BIG) (WaisMed Company, Houston, TX), EZ-IO (Vidacare, Shavano Park, TX) and Jamshidi (Carefusion, San Diego, CA) were used in this study...
December 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Gemma C Lewis, Stephanie A Crapo, Jefferson G Williams
The venous and/or arterial vasculature may be accessed for fluid resuscitation, testing and monitoring, administration of blood product or medication, or procedural reasons, such as the implantation of cardiac pacemaker wires. Accessing the vascular system is a common and often critically important step in emergency patient care. This article reviews methods for peripheral, central venous, and arterial access and discusses adjunct skills for vascular access such as the use of ultrasound guidance, and other forms of vascular access such as intraosseus and umbilical cannulation, and peripheral venous cut-down...
February 2013: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
M Helm, B Hossfeld, T Schlechtriemen, J Braun, L Lampl, M Bernhard
BACKGROUND: Intraosseous infusion has become established as a fast and safe alternative to conventional vascular access in emergency situations. Originally the use of intraosseous access was limited to children up to 6 years of age and to adults for cardiopulmonary resuscitation but this limitation has now been removed. The aim of this study was to obtain data on mission reality regarding the use of intraosseous access in the prehospital setting against the background of the expanded recommendations on the use of the intraosseous infusion...
December 2011: Der Anaesthesist
Robert R Attaran, Gordon A Ewy
The use of epinephrine during cardiac arrest has been advocated for decades and forms an integral part of the published guidelines. Its efficacy is supported by animal data, but human trial evidence is lacking. This is partly attributable to disparities in trial methodology. Epinephrine's pharmacologic and physiologic effects include an increase in coronary perfusion pressure that is key to successful resuscitation. One possible explanation for the lack of epinephrine's demonstrated efficacy in human trials of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is the delay in its administration...
July 2010: Future Cardiology
Bastiaan M Gerritse, Gert Jan Scheffer, Jos M Th Draaisma
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the use of the bone injection gun to obtain vascular access in the prehospital setting by an Helicopter-Transported Emergency Medical Team. METHODS: Prospective descriptive study to assess the frequency and success rate of the use of the bone injection gun in prehospital care by a Helicopter-Transported Emergency Medical Team. RESULTS: In 40 of 780 (5.1%) patients, an attempt was made to obtain intraosseous access with the bone injection gun...
June 2009: Journal of Trauma
Qi Feng, Pierce K H Chow, Francesco Frassoni, Cindy M L Phua, Peik K Tan, Arun Prasath, William Ying Khee Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The traditional intravenous (IV) route of administration for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may result in inefficient placement of donor cells, possibly contributing to suboptimal engraftment and higher risk of graft-vs-host reactions. In order to perform detailed studies of engraftment and donor cell distribution in an animal model with anatomical similarity to man, we performed the first direct homing/engraftment efficiency comparison between intraosseus (IO) and IV HSCT in allogeneic nonhuman primate animal model to assess the utility and mechanism of donor cell homing after IO delivery...
November 2008: Experimental Hematology
Paul E Pepe, Richard P Dutton, Raymond L Fowler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The traditional approach to trauma patients with presumed internal hemorrhage has been immediate, aggressive intravenous fluid resuscitation. Recent experimental and clinical data, however, suggest a more discriminating approach that first considers concurrent head injury, hemodynamic stability and the presence of potentially uncontrollable hemorrhage (e.g. deep truncal injury) versus a controllable source (e.g. distal extremity wound) as well as the use of new techniques to inhibit bleeding and better ways to monitor the patient's condition...
April 2008: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
L J Filippich, B G Charles, R H Sutton, A M Bucher
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin in sulphur-crested cockatoos, so that its use in clinical studies in birds can be considered. DESIGN: A pharmacokinetic study of carboplatin, following a single intravenous (IV) or intraosseus (IO) infusion over 3 min, was performed in six healthy sulphur-crested cockatoos (Cacatua galerita). PROCEDURE: Birds were anaesthetised and a jugular vein cannulated for blood collection. Carboplatin (5 mg/kg) was infused over 3 min by the IV route in four birds via the contralateral jugular vein, and by the IO route in two birds via the ulna...
June 2004: Australian Veterinary Journal
J J Vyskocil, J A Kruse, R F Wilson
When a patient requires parenteral fluid or drug administration and venous cannulation cannot be performed, consider less typical routes. Intraosseus infusions are usually more effective in children than adults, but intraosseus cannulation failure may occur in as many as 20% of patients. Intra-arterial infusions are possible if pump pressures are kept high. Hypodermoclysis (infusion into the subcutaneous tissues) can correct moderate dehydration. Administering resuscitative drugs endobronchially is usually safe and effective, although pulmonary function may be somewhat compromised...
April 1993: Journal of Critical Illness
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