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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793097/quantitative-assessment-of-placental-perfusion-by-three-dimensional-power-doppler-ultrasound-for-twins-with-selective-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-one-twin
#1
Wei Sun, Jingyi Liu, Ying Zhang, Ailu Cai, Zeyu Yang, Yili Zhao, Yu Wang, Zhe Cao, Qiuju Wei
OBJECTIVE: We quantitatively assessed placental perfusion using three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound for twins with selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) in one twin. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed for 104 normal monochorionic diamniotic twins and 30 twins with sIUGR. Twins with sIUGR were divided into two groups: in group I (19 twins), both fetuses had continuous forward end-diastolic blood flow in the umbilical artery; in group II (11 twins), the smaller fetus had a loss or a reverse end-diastolic blood flow in the umbilical artery, but the larger fetus had continuous forward end-diastolic blood flow...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792306/predicting-the-viscosity-of-digesta-from-the-physical-characteristics-of-particle-suspensions-using-existing-rheological-models
#2
Allan K Hardacre, Roger G Lentle, Sia-Yen Yap, John A Monro
The measurement of the viscosity of digesta is complicated by settling and compositional changes that accompany digestion. The current work determined whether the apparent and relative viscosities ( η a and η r ) of digesta could be accurately determined from the actual and maximum solid volume fractions ( ϕ and ϕ max , respectively) using the Maron-Pierce equation. The rheological properties of digesta from the small intestine of six pigs were determined at a shear rate of 1 s-1 at 37°C. A series of suspensions of plant fibre in a Newtonian liquid (70% aqueous fructose) were made at viscosities similar to pig digesta by adjusting ϕ The relationships between the apparent and relative viscosities ( η a and η r ) and the plant fibre properties; aspect ratio (AR) and ϕ and ϕ max were then determined for digesta and the suspensions...
May 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792199/nanoparticle-delivery-of-grape-seed-derived-proanthocyanidins-to-airway-epithelial-cells-dampens-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#3
S Castellani, A Trapani, A Spagnoletta, L di Toma, T Magrone, S Di Gioia, D Mandracchia, G Trapani, E Jirillo, M Conese
BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory diseases, whose one of the hallmarks is oxidative stress, are still incurable and need novel therapeutic tools and pharmaceutical agents. The phenolic compounds contained in grape are endowed with well-recognized anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-aging activities. Considering that natural anti-oxidants, such as proanthocyanidins, have poor water solubility and oral bioavailability, we have developed a drug delivery system based on solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), apt to encapsulate grape seed extract (GSE), containing proanthocyanidins...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791412/shock-wave-imaging-by-density-recovery-from-intensity-measurements
#4
Biswajit Medhi, Gopalakrishna M Hegde, Kalidevapura Jagannath Reddy, Debasish Roy, Ram Mohan Vasu
A method for quantitative estimation of density variation in high-speed flow, which uses light as an interrogating tool, is described. The wavefront distortion of the interrogating beam induced by the compressible flow field is estimated quantitatively, in which the density gradient of the flow field is seen as refractive-index gradient by the probing beam. The distorted wavefront is measured quantitatively by using the cross-sectional intensities of the distorted wavefront along the optical axis. Iterative algorithms are developed using both deterministic (Gauss-Newton) and stochastic (ensemble Kalman filter) update strategies to recover unknown parameters such as the phase of the wavefront or the refractive index distribution in the flow directly from the measured intensities...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791363/design-of-a-portable-phantom-device-to-simulate-tissue-oxygenation-and-blood-perfusion
#5
Xiang Lv, Hongyu Chen, Guangli Liu, Shuwei Shen, Qiang Wu, Chuanzhen Hu, Jialuo Li, Erbao Dong, Ronald X Xu
We propose a portable phantom system for calibration and validation of medical optical devices in a clinical setting. The phantom system comprises a perfusion module and an exchangeable tissue-simulating phantom that simulates tissue oxygenation and blood perfusion. The perfusion module consists of a peristaltic pump, two liquid storage units, and two pressure suppressors. The tissue-simulating phantom is fabricated by a three-dimensional (3D) printing process with microchannels embedded to simulate blood vessels...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791262/flow-recirculation-in-cartilaginous-ring-cavities-of-human-trachea-model
#6
Jose Montoya Segnini, Humberto Bocanegra Evans, Luciano Castillo
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevailing assumption of "smooth trachea walls" in respiratory fluid dynamics research, recent investigations have demonstrated that cartilaginous rings in the trachea and main bronchi have a significant effect on the flow behavior and in particle deposition. However, there is not enough detailed information about the underlying physics of the interaction between the cartilage rings and the flow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study presents an experimental observation of a simplified Weibel-based model of the human trachea and bronchi with cartilaginous rings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789875/ct-angiography-in-the-lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-feasibility-of-an-ultra-low-volume-contrast-media-protocol
#7
Barbora Horehledova, Casper Mihl, Gianluca Milanese, Rutger Brans, Nienke G Eijsvoogel, Babs M F Hendriks, Joachim E Wildberger, Marco Das
PURPOSE: The ALARA principle is not only relevant for effective dose (ED) reduction, but also applicable for contrast media (CM) management. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the feasibility of an ultra-low CM protocol in the assessment of peripheral artery disease (PAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty PAD patients were scanned on third-generation dual-source computed tomography, from diaphragm to the forefoot, as follows: tube voltage: 70 kV, reference effective tube current: 90 mAs, collimation: 192 × 2 × 0...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789662/spraying-dynamics-in-continuous-wave-laser-printing-of-conductive-inks
#8
Pol Sopeña, Sergio González-Torres, Juan Marcos Fernández-Pradas, Pere Serra
Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT), though usually associated with pulsed lasers, has been recently shown to be feasible for printing liquid inks with continuous wave (CW) lasers. This is remarkable not only because of the advantages that the new approach presents in terms of cost, but also because of the surprising transfer dynamics associated with it. In this work we carry out a study of CW-LIFT aimed at understanding the new transfer dynamics and its correlation with the printing outcomes. The CW-LIFT of lines of Ag ink at different laser powers and scan speeds revealed a range of conditions that allowed printing conductive lines with good electrical properties...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786833/assessment-of-cerebral-perfusion-and-edema-in-preeclampsia-with-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-mri
#9
Maria Nelander, Daniel Hannsberger, Inger Sundström-Poromaa, Lina Bergman, Jan Weis, Helena Åkerud, Johan Wikström, Anna-Karin Wikström
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral complications are the main reasons for morbidity and mortality in preeclampsia and eclampsia. Still we do not know if the pathophysiology entails hypo- or hyperperfusion of the brain, or how and when edema emerges, due to the difficulty to examine the cerebral circulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have used a non-invasive diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, intravoxel incoherent motion, to study cerebral perfusion on the capillary level and cerebral edema in women with preeclampsia (n=30), normal pregnancy (n=32) and non-pregnant women (n=16)...
May 22, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786774/computational-fluid-dynamics-modeling-of-the-human-pulmonary-arteries-with-experimental-validation
#10
Alifer D Bordones, Matthew Leroux, Vitaly O Kheyfets, Yu-An Wu, Chia-Yuan Chen, Ender A Finol
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a chronic progressive disease characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure, caused by an increase in pulmonary arterial impedance. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can be used to identify metrics representative of the stage of PH disease. However, experimental validation of CFD models is often not pursued due to the geometric complexity of the model or uncertainties in the reproduction of the required flow conditions. The goal of this work is to validate experimentally a CFD model of a pulmonary artery phantom using a particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786715/cancer-cell-membrane-coated-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-mr-nir-fluorescence-dual-modal-imaging-and-photodynamic-therapy
#11
Jiong Li, Xuandong Wang, Dongye Zheng, Xinyi Lin, Zuwu Wei, Da Zhang, Zhuanfang Li, Yun Zhang, Ming Wu, Xiaolong Liu
Theranostic nanoprobes integrated with dual-modal imaging and therapeutic functions, such as photodynamic therapy (PDT), have exhibited significant potency in cancer treatments due to their high imaging accuracy and non-invasive advantages for cancer elimination. However, biocompatibility and highly efficient accumulation of these nanoprobes in tumor are still unsatisfactory for clinical application. In this study, a photosensitizer -loaded magnetic nanobead with surface further coated with a layer of cancer cell membrane (SSAP-Ce6@CCM) was designed to improve the biocompatibility and cellular uptake and ultimately achieve enhanced MR/NIR fluorescence imaging and PDT efficacy...
May 22, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785863/hyperbaric-oxygen-inhibits-production-of-cd3-t-cells-in-the-thymus-and-facilitates-malignant-glioma-cell-growth
#12
Yong-Gang Wang, Jiang Long, Dong-Chuan Shao, Hai Song
Objective Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is an emerging complementary alternative medical approach in glioma treatment. However, its mode of action is unknown, so this was investigated in the present study. Methods We constructed an intracranial glioma model of congenic C57BL/6J mice. Glioma growth under HBO stimulation was assessed by bioluminescent imaging and magnetic resonance imaging. Flow cytometry assessed direct effects of HBO on reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling of transplanted glioma cells and organs, and quantified mature T cells and subgroups in tumors, the brain, and blood...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785667/cerebral-autoregulation-in-stroke
#13
REVIEW
Pedro Castro, Elsa Azevedo, Farzaneh Sorond
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral autoregulation (CA) is a mechanism that maintains cerebral blood flow constant despite fluctuations in systemic arterial blood pressure. This review will focus on recent studies that measured CA non-invasively in acute cerebrovascular events, a feature unique to the transcranial Doppler ultrasound. We will summarize the rationale for CA assessment in acute cerebrovascular disorders and specifically evaluate the existing data on the value of CA measures in relation to clinical severity, guiding management decisions, and prognostication...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785538/stress-phase-angle-regulates-differentiation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-toward-endothelial-phenotype
#14
Shahrokh Shojaei, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Nooshin Haghighipour, Fatemeh Hejazi Jahromi
Endothelial cells are subjected to cyclic shear by pulsatile blood flow and pressures due to circumferential stresses. Although most of the researches on this topic have considered the effects of these two biomechanical forces separately or concurrently, few studies have noticed the interaction of these cyclic loadings on endothelial behavior. Negative temporal stress phase angle, defined by the phase lag between cyclic shear and tensile stresses, is an established parameter which is known to have substantial effects on blood vessel remodeling and progression of some serious cardiovascular diseases...
May 21, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785287/lymph-node-dissection-during-sublobar-resection-why-when-and-how
#15
REVIEW
Pascal-Alexandre Thomas
Appropriate lymph node (LN) assessment is a hallmark of surgical quality of curative intent operations for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Even in the era of extensive pre-treatment work-up including routine PET-scanning and brain imaging, and selective invasive LN evaluation, unexpected LN metastases are found at surgery in more than 10% of patients with a cT1aN0 tumor. Systematic lymphadenectomy minimizes the risk of leaving tumor-LN behind and thus the risk of an incomplete resection, and provides the most truthful pTNM, which is decisive in directing adjuvant chemotherapy...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784819/xenoprotein-engineering-via-synthetic-libraries
#16
Zachary P Gates, Alexander A Vinogradov, Anthony J Quartararo, Anupam Bandyopadhyay, Zi-Ning Choo, Ethan D Evans, Kathryn H Halloran, Alexander J Mijalis, Surin K Mong, Mark D Simon, Eric A Standley, Evan D Styduhar, Sarah Z Tasker, Faycal Touti, Jessica M Weber, Jessica L Wilson, Timothy F Jamison, Bradley L Pentelute
Chemical methods have enabled the total synthesis of protein molecules of ever-increasing size and complexity. However, methods to engineer synthetic proteins comprising noncanonical amino acids have not kept pace, even though this capability would be a distinct advantage of the total synthesis approach to protein science. In this work, we report a platform for protein engineering based on the screening of synthetic one-bead one-compound protein libraries. Screening throughput approaching that of cell surface display was achieved by a combination of magnetic bead enrichment, flow cytometry analysis of on-bead screens, and high-throughput MS/MS-based sequencing of identified active compounds...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784630/what-are-the-causes-of-a-suboptimal-ffr-after-coronary-stent-deployment-insights-from-a-consecutive-series-using-oct-imaging
#17
Mathias Wolfrum, Giovanni Luigi De Maria, Stefano Benenati, Jeremy Langrish, Andrew J Lucking, Keith M Channon, Rajesh K Kharbanda, Adrian P Banning
AIMS: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) can be used to detect a suboptimal result after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A lower post procedure FFR (< 0.90) has been shown to be associated with adverse clinical outcomes at follow-up. This pilot study aimed to understand the mechanisms resulting in a suboptimal FFR and whether Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) guided optimisation could improve final FFR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty five patients undergoing complex PCI were prospectively enrolled...
May 21, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784052/the-effect-of-heart-failure-and-left-ventricular-assist-device-treatment-on-right-ventricular-mechanics-a-computational-study
#18
Jun I K Park, Aulia Khamas Heikhmakhtiar, Chang Hyun Kim, Yoo Seok Kim, Seong Wook Choi, Kwang Soup Song, Ki Moo Lim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it is important to analyze the hemodynamic factors related to the right ventricle (RV) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, previous studies have focused only on the alteration of the ventricular shape and lack quantitative analysis of the various hemodynamic parameters. Therefore, we quantitatively analyzed various hemodynamic parameters related to the RV under normal, heart failure (HF), and HF incorporated with continuous flow LVAD therapy by using a computational model...
May 22, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782844/evaluation-of-the-serum-ionic-fluoride-concentration-as-a-biomarker-of-bone-metabolism-post-spinal-fusion-surgery
#19
Ryosuke Oikawa, Yuji Fujita, Hideki Murakami, Hirooki Endo, Daisuke Yamabe, Yusuke Chiba, Yuichiro Abe, Minoru Doita
BACKGROUND: Bone union after spinal fusion surgery with instrumentation has been determined only with imaging studies. We evaluated the usefulness of the serum ionic fluoride (SIF) concentration as a biomarker of the bone union status. METHODS: We enrolled 25 patients who underwent spinal surgery in our institution, and we divided patients into three groups with and without instrumentation (G1, G2, and G3). We collected the fasting serum level preoperatively and on day 1 (D1), week 1 (D7), week 2 (D14), month 1 (D30), month 3 (D90), and month 6 (D180) postoperatively, and measured SIF concentrations using the flow injection method with an ion-selective electrode...
May 18, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782792/antimicrobial-properties-of-2d-mno-2-and-mos-2-nanomaterials-vertically-aligned-on-graphene-materials-and-ti-3-c-2-mxene
#20
Farbod Alimohammadi, Mohammad Sharifian Gh, Nuwan H Attanayake, Akila C Thenuwara, Yury Gogotsi, Babak Anasori, Daniel R Strongin
Two dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have attracted considerable attention in biomedical and environmental applications due to their antimicrobial activity. In the interest of investigating the primary antimicrobial mode-of-action of 2D nanomaterials, we studied the antimicrobial properties of MnO2 and MoS2 , toward Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli bacteria were treated individually with 100 μg/mL of randomly oriented and vertically aligned nanomaterials for 3 h in the dark...
May 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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