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María José Mellado Peña, Begoña Santiago García, Fernando Baquero-Artigao, David Moreno Pérez, Roi Piñeiro Pérez, Ana Méndez Echevarría, José Tomás Ramos Amador, David Gómez-Pastrana Durán, Antoni Noguera Julian
Tuberculosis (TB) is the most important infectious disease all over the world, with a high morbidity and mortality. Pediatric tuberculosis has been a neglected epidemic, due to the difficulties in assessing its global impact, reduced incidence and lower infectivity compared to adults. In 2015, the WHO reported 1 million cases of paediatric TB and 169,000 deaths. In Europe, the emergence of MDR TB is a major concern, representing 16% of the new diagnosis in Eastern Europe. In 2014, it was estimated that about 219,000 children were infected by MDR-TB-strains in Europe, and 2,120 developed the disease...
January 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
M Donnelly, C Green, I P Kelly
The need for emergent management of displaced paediatric supracondylar humeral fractures is being questioned in the literature. Open reduction rates of up to 46% have been reported in the non-emergent management of these injuries. At our institution these fractures are managed as operative emergencies by senior personnel. To examine the ongoing need for this policy we reviewed our results. All patients managed over a five year period with Gartland type IIB or III paeditric supracondylar humeral fractures were identified and a comprehensive chart and radiographic review undertaken...
June 2012: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
N Boluyt, C W Bollen, A P Bos, J H Kok, I A von Rosenstiel, M Offringa
Hypovolaemia is the most common cause of circulatory failure in children. Treatment consists of volume suppletion with a crystalloid or colloid solution; which agent is the best in children is not clear. This evidence-based practice guideline formulates recommendations as to which fluid should be used for volume suppletion in critically-ill neonates and children up to the age of 18 years with hypovolaemia. Before the guideline development first-choice fluid for volume resuscitation was in 50% a colloid and in 50% a crystalloid solution for both neonatologists and paediatric intensivists...
November 4, 2006: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Dorota Wultańska, Hanna Pituch, Piotr Obuch-Woszczatyński, Felicja Meisel-Mikołajczyk, Mirosław Luczak
This study was performed to determine profile of toxigenicity of 18 Clostridium difficile strains isolated from paeditric patients suffering from antibiotic associated diarrhea (AAD). Toxigenicity of C. difficile strains was tested for detection toxin A and toxin B by phenotypic methods and for detection of the tcdA and tcdB genes using of PCR. Changes in the repeating regions of the tcdA genes were detected with the NK9/NKV011 primer pairs. For detection of binary toxin (CDT) cdtA and cdtB genes, cdtApos/cdtArev i cdtBpos/cdtBrev two pair primers in PCR was used...
2005: Medycyna Doświadczalna i Mikrobiologia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2000: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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