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Rodolfo Castro, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Renato Girade Corrêa, Monica Derrico, Katia Lemos, Jose Roberto Grangeiro, Beto de Jesus, Denise Pires, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn
Brazil has a concentrated HIV epidemic and men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected. Yet, no data is available on the HIV care cascade for this population. This study aimed to assess the HIV care cascade among MSM newly diagnosed through innovative testing strategies in Rio de Janeiro. Data from 793 MSM and travestites/transgender women (transwomen) tested for HIV at a non-governmental LGBT organization and a mobile testing unit located at a gay friendly venue were analyzed. A 12-month-after-HIV-diagnosis-censored cohort was established using CD4, viral load and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) longitudinal data from those diagnosed with HIV...
2016: PloS One
Judith A Beto, Catherine M Champagne, Carrie C Dennett, Jeffrey E Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Judith A Beto, Katherine A Schury, Vinod K Bansal
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) requires extensive changes to food and lifestyle. Poor adherence to diet, medications, and treatments has been estimated to vary between 20% and 70%, which in turn can contribute to increased mortality and morbidity. Delivering effective nutritional advice in patients with CKD coordinates multiple diet components including calories, protein, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and fluid. Dietary intake studies have shown difficulty in adhering to the scope and complexity of the CKD diet parameters...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
Adam J Singer, Pryanka Relan, Leonelle Beto, Lisa Jones-Koliski, Steven Sandoval, Richard Af Clark
Clinical distinction between superficial and deep burns is problematic. The authors determined whether an infrared thermal imaging (IRTI) camera could predict burn depth. Burn depth was assessed by an experienced surgeon, and the burns were imaged with a portable, lightweight IRTI camera that measures heat emission from the skin using long infrared wavelengths (7.5-13 μm). Burns were considered "deep" if they were surgically excised and confirmed to be of full thickness on microscopic evaluation or if they did not heal spontaneously within 21 days of injury...
December 29, 2015: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Chunyan Xu, Kangyan Wu, Steve W Van Ginkel, Thomas Igou, Hwa Jong Lee, Aditya Bhargava, Rachel Johnston, Terry Snell, Yongsheng Chen
Algal biofuels are investigated as a promising alternative to petroleum fuel sources to satisfy transportation demand. Despite the high growth rate of algae, predation by rotifers, ciliates, golden algae, and other predators will cause an algae in open ponds to crash. In this study, Chlorella kessleri was used as a model alga and the freshwater rotifer, Brachionus calyciflorus, as a model predator. The goal of this study was to test the selective toxicity of the chemical, quinine sulfate (QS), on both the alga and the rotifer in order to fully inhibit the rotifer while minimizing its impact on algal growth...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jennifer L Syvertsen, Angela Robertson Bazzi
The relationships between female sex workers and their non-commercial male partners are typically viewed as sites of HIV risk rather than meaningful unions. This ethnographic case study presents a nuanced portrayal of the relationship between Cindy and Beto, a female sex worker who injects drugs and her intimate, non-commercial partner who live in Tijuana, Mexico. Based on ethnographic research in Tijuana and our long term involvement in a public health study, we suggest that emotions play a central role in sex workers' relationships and contribute in complex ways to each partner's health...
2015: Anthropology of Consciousness / Society for the Anthropology of Consciousness
Kohei Ike, Yusuke Arasawa, Satoshi Koizumi, Satoshi Mihashi, Shigeko Kawai-Noma, Kyoichi Saito, Daisuke Umeno
By assembly and evolutionary engineering of T7-phage-based transcriptional switches made from endogenous components of the bet operon on the Escherichia coli chromosome, genetic switches inducible by choline, a safe and inexpensive compound, were constructed. The functional plasticity of the BetI repressor was revealed by rapid and high-frequency identification of functional variants with various properties, including those with high stringency, high maximum expression level, and reversed phenotypes, from a pool of BetI mutants...
December 18, 2015: ACS Synthetic Biology
Adam J Singer, Lionelle Beto, Daniel D Singer, Justin Williams, Henry C Thode, Steven Sandoval
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, full thickness burns have been thought to be painless due to destruction of underlying nerves. We explored the association between patient and burn characteristics and pain severity in burn patients and determined whether full thickness burns were less likely to be painful than more superficial burns. METHODS: We performed a structured review of medical records of patients presenting to a burn center between 2010 and 2013. Data abstracted included baseline patient and burn characteristics...
September 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Andrew Bazemore, Stephen Petterson, Lars E Peterson, Robert L Phillips
PURPOSE: Comprehensiveness is lauded as 1 of the 5 core virtues of primary care, but its relationship with outcomes is unclear. We measured associations between variations in comprehensiveness of practice among family physicians and healthcare utilization and costs for their Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: We merged data from 2011 Medicare Part A and B claims files for a complex random sample of family physicians engaged in direct patient care, including 100% of their claimed care of Medicare beneficiaries, with data reported by the same physicians during their participation in Maintenance of Certification for Family Physicians (MC-FP) between the years 2007 and 2011...
May 2015: Annals of Family Medicine
Cícero Beto Freire, Ricardo Freitas Dias, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Eduardo Eriko Tenório de França, Flávio Maciel Dias de Andrade, Emilia Chagas Costa, Marco Aurélio de Valois Correia Junior
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the level of physical activity (LPA) and the quality of life QL of the professionals who work in ICU. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Adult ICUs. LPA was assessed by the International Questionnarie of Physical Activity--short form (IQPA-SF) and the QL by the Medical Outcomes Study 36 (SF-36) questionnaire. RESULTS: It was classified active 50.89% out of a total of 59 professionals...
January 2015: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Judith A Beto
Calcium is an essential nutrient that is necessary for many functions in human health. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body with 99% found in teeth and bone. Only 1% is found in serum. The serum calcium level is tightly monitored to remain within normal range by a complex metabolic process. Calcium metabolism involves other nutrients including protein, vitamin D, and phosphorus. Bone formation and maintenance is a lifelong process. Early attention to strong bones in childhood and adulthood will provide more stable bone mass during the aging years...
January 2015: Clinical Nutrition Research
Mona Therrien, Laura Byham-Gray, Judith Beto
Protein-energy wasting affects many maintenance dialysis patients (MDPs) and decreases survival. Suboptimal dietary energy intake (DEI) and dietary protein intake (DPI), secondary to reduced dietary intake (DI), are important risk factors in the development of protein-energy wasting. Multiple investigations of DEI and DPI in MDPs have occurred but few authors have synthesized these data. A comprehensive review of DI studies in MDPs was completed with the purpose of providing timely data on DI in MDPs until updated clinical practice guidelines for nutrition in nephrology care are published...
July 2015: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Ravindra Bhardwaj, Puneet Sharma, Mitchell S Finkel, Sumesh Jain, Ahmad Arham, Tooba Kazmi, Robert J Beto, Wissam Gharib, Bradford E Warden, Abnash C Jain
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia associated with a wide range of other co-morbid medical conditions. The state of West Virginia has a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and CAD risk factors compared to the national average. We hypothesized that West Virginians with atrial fibrillation would also have a higher prevalence of CAD risk factors and higher CHADS2 stroke risk scores. This is particularly important since Louisiana is the only high CAD risk southern state included in the original verification of the CHADS2 risk scoring system (i...
January 2012: West Virginia Medical Journal
Judith A Beto, Wendy E Ramirez, Vinod K Bansal
Chronic kidney disease is classified in stages 1 to 5 by the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative depending on the level of renal function by glomerular filtration rate and, more recently, using further categorization depending on the level of glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes initiative. Registered dietitian nutritionists can be reimbursed for medical nutrition therapy in chronic kidney disease stages 3 to 4 for specific clients under Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services coverage...
July 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Kathy J Luttrell, Judith A Beto, Christine C Tangney
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report selected nutrition behavior practices (type and amount of fat, fiber, and beverage intake) collected by self-administered validated food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) as part of the 1998 to 1999 NKF-CRN Second National Research Question Collaborative Study Group. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was conducted on a prospective randomized cohort of 264 adult women 18 years of age or older that were on hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis for more than 3 months and were receiving treatment in 116 U...
March 2014: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Mona Therrien, Laura Byham-Gray, Robert Denmark, Judith Beto
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics and dietary intake of Second National Research Question (SNRQ) participants to the Women's Health Initiative-Dietary Modification (WHI-DM) Trial group and to compare the dietary intake of both groups to relevant reference norms. DESIGN: The study design was a secondary analysis of data collected from the SNRQ and from the WHI-DM Trial. SUBJECTS: SNRQ participants were adult women on dialysis (n = 248) from U...
March 2014: Journal of Renal Nutrition
David W Lee, Richard Duszak, Danny R Hughes
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in Medicare spending growth for medical imaging relative to other services and the Deficit Reduction Act (DRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS. We calculated per-beneficiary Part B Medicare medical imaging expenditures for three-digit Berenson-Eggers Type of Service (BETOS) categories using Physician Supplier Procedure Summary Master Files for 32 million beneficiaries from 2000 to 2011. We adjusted BETOS categories to address changes in coding and payment policy and excluded categories with 2011 aggregate spending less than $500 million...
December 2013: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Jill H White, Judith A Beto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Deepak Hooda, Karthik Penumetsa, Timothy Jackson, Wissam Gharib, Robert J Beto, Bradford E Warden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2013: West Virginia Medical Journal
Ravindra Bhardwaj, Alan Ducatman, Mitchell S Finkel, Edward Petsonk, Janet Hunt, Robert J Beto
Butyl Acrylate (BA) (2-propionic acid; CH2 = CHCOOC4H9) is a colorless liquid commonly used in impregnation agents and adhesives. Dermal contact with BA has previously been reported to cause moderate skin irritation with skin sensitizing potential in humans. Health effects of inhalation of BA have not been previously reported. Accordingly, we document the health conditions of a bystander, first responder and landfill worker exposed to butyl acrylate (BA) released to the atmosphere following a collision and roadside spill in October 1998...
November 2012: West Virginia Medical Journal
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