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Anaesthesia training

Katja Rezonja, Tomaz Mars, Ales Jerin, Gordana Kozelj, Neva Pozar-Lukanovic, Maja Sostaric
BACKGROUND: Sugammadex reverses neuromuscular block (NMB) through binding aminosteroid neuromuscular blocking agents. Although sugammadex appears to be highly selective, it can interact with other drugs, like corticosteroids. A prospective single-blinded randomized clinical trial was designed to explore the significance of interactions between dexamethasone and sugammadex. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who were anesthetized for elective abdominal or urological surgery were included...
October 21, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Kanchi Muralidhar, Deepak Tempe, Yatin Mehta, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Chirojit Mukherjee, Thomas Koshy, Prabhat Tewari, Naman Shastri, Satyajeet Misra, Kumar Belani
During current medical care, perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a vital component of patient management, especially in cardiac operating rooms and in critical care medicine. Information derived from echocardiography has an important bearing on the patient's outcome. The Indian Association of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (IACTA) has promoted the use of TEE during routine clinical care of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. An important mission of IACTA is to oversee training and certify anesthesiologists in the perioperative and intensive care use of TEE...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Matthew A R Stokes, Glenn D Guest, Perista Mamadi, Westin Seta, Noel Yaubihi, Grace Karawiga, Billy Naidi, David A K Watters
BACKGROUND: Timely access to emergency and essential surgical care (EESC) and anaesthesia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) prevents premature death, minimises lifelong disability and reduces their economic impact on families and communities. Papua New Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the Pacific region, and provides much of its surgical care at a district hospital level. We aimed to evaluate the surgical capacity of a district hospital in PNG and estimate the effectiveness of surgical interventions provided...
October 13, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
T Beament, S J Mercer
'Speaking up' or the ability to effectively challenge erroneous decisions is essential to preventing harm. This mixed-methods study in two parts explores the concept of 'barriers to challenging seniors' for anaesthetic trainees, and proposes a conceptual framework. Using a fully immersive simulation scenario with unanticipated airway difficulty, we investigated how junior anaesthetists (one to two years of training) challenged a scripted error. We also conducted focus groups with senior trainees (three to seven years of training) and undertook a 'thematic network analysis' of responses...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Deepak Prakash Borde, Antony George, Shreedhar Joshi, Suresh Nair, Thomas Koshy, Uday Gandhe, Murali Chakravarthy
CONTEXT: Use of perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has expanded in India. Despite attempts to standardize the practice of TEE in cardiac surgical procedures, variation in practice and application exists. This is the first online survey by Indian College of Cardiac Anaesthesia, research and academic wing of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (IACTA). AIMS: We hypothesized that variations in practice of intraoperative TEE exist among centers and this survey aimed at analyzing them...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Kenechi Anderson Uwakwe, Uchenna Chidi Anyanwagu, Ntat Charles Ibiok, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Ngozi Ekeke
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings with low doctor-population ratio, there is need for equitable distribution of healthcare workforce. The specialty preferences of medical students determine the future composition of physician workforce hence its relevance in career guidance, healthcare planning and policy formulation. This study was aimed at determining the specialty preferences of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria, the gender differences in choice of specialty and the availability of career guidance to the students during the period of training...
October 4, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Ann Sofia Skou Thomsen, Phillip Smith, Yousif Subhi, Morten la Cour, Lilian Tang, George M Saleh, Lars Konge
PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation in performance of cataract surgery between a virtual-reality simulator and real-life surgery using two objective assessment tools with evidence of validity. METHODS: Cataract surgeons with varying levels of experience were included in the study. All participants performed and videorecorded three standard cataract surgeries before completing a proficiency-based test on the EyeSi virtual-reality simulator. Standard cataract surgeries were defined as: (1) surgery performed under local anaesthesia, (2) patient age >60 years, and (3) visual acuity >1/60 preoperatively...
September 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
S Morris, M H Yudin, J Callum, A Alam, J Herold, Y Lin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current state of transfusion medicine (TM) knowledge among obstetricians using a valid assessment tool. BACKGROUND: Transfusion issues are common in obstetrical patients. METHODS: Knowledge topics were identified and rated by experts in obstetrics, anaesthesia, haematology and TM using a modified Delphi method. A knowledge assessment tool was developed and validated during pilot testing. The assessment tool, consisting of 15 multiple choice questions, was administered electronically to members of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC)...
September 26, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
Glenn D Guest, David F Scott, Joao P Xavier, Nelson Martins, Eric Vreede, Antony Chennal, Daliah Moss, David A Watters
BACKGROUND: Timor-Leste suffered a destructive withdrawal by the Indonesian military in 1999, leaving only 20 Timorese-based doctors and no practising specialists for a population of 700 000 that has now grown to 1.2 million. METHODS: This article assesses the outcomes and impact of Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) specialist medical support from 2001 to 2015. Three programmes were designed collaboratively with the Timor-Leste Ministry of Health and Australian Aid...
September 20, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
C López-Cabrera, E J Hernández-Rivas, T Komabayashi, E L Galindo-Reyes, D Tallabs-López, B I Cerda-Cristerna
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the influence of three-repetition training with a dental anaesthesia simulation model (DASM) on the perception of learning by dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental students who had never used a dental anaesthesia technique were randomly divided into two groups that were taught the anterior superior alveolar nerve infiltrative anaesthesia technique. Group 1 (G1; N = 10) followed a three-stage learning method: (i) theoretical lecture, (ii) clinical demonstration and (iii) DASM training, including three repetitions of the anaesthesia technique...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Mpoki Ulisubisya, Erik Dahlén, Henrik Jörnvall, Lars Irestedt, Tim Baker
The impact of an Anaesthesia and Intensive Care collaboration between Sweden and Tanzania Anaesthesia and intensive care is a neglected specialty in low-income countries. Many countries have less than 1 anaesthesia provider per 100,000 population and few hospitals in Africa have the resources for managing critically ill patients. Health partnerships between institutions in high- and low-income countries have been proposed as an effective way to strengthen health systems. This article describes a partnership in anaesthesia and intensive care between institutions in Sweden and Tanzania and its impact at regional and national levels...
2016: Läkartidningen
Y Hendricks, A O Amata
Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the specialty preferences and the reasons for those choices among medical interns and junior medical doctors at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), Guyana. Methods: A cross-sectional study of recent medical graduates at GPHC using anonymous self-administered questionnaires. Results: Of the study population of 66, 60 filled questionnaires were returned (response rate of 91.5%)...
December 28, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Guillaume Bonnet, Erwan Salaun, Mathieu Pankert, Thomas Cuisset, Jean-Louis Bonnet
BACKGROUND: Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure using the WATCHMAN™ device (WM) may be considered in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) and a high-risk of stroke who are ineligible for long-term oral anticoagulation (OAC). AIM: To report our single-centre preliminary experience, focusing on feasibility, safety and short-term efficacy of this procedure. METHODS: Patients implanted from December 2013 to February 2014 were included...
September 1, 2016: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Laura Macpherson, Maggie Collins
BACKGROUND: Urgent investment in human resources for surgical and anaesthesia care is needed globally. Responsible training and education is required to ensure healthcare providers are confident and skilled in the delivery of this care in both the rural and the urban setting. The Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), a UK-based specialist global health organisation, is working with health training institutions, health professionals, Ministries of Health and Health Partnerships or 'links' between healthcare institutions in the UK and low- or middle-income country (LMIC) counterparts...
August 30, 2016: Tropical Doctor
Sophie Geyl, Romain Legros, Aurélie Charissou, Laura Mesturoux, Claude-Yves Couquet, Paul Carrier, Anaïs Brayette, Zora El-Ouafi, Veronique Loustaud-Ratti, Denis Sautereau, Jacques Monteil, Jérémie Jacques
INTRODUCTION: Gastroparesis, or delayed gastric emptying, can be diagnosed with gastric emptying scintigraphy. Manometric studies of patients with gastroparesis show increased pyloric tone (pylorospasm). Among the recent endoscopic therapies for pylorospasm is peroral endoscopic pylorotomy (POP). In this study, we explored the effect of POP on gastric emptying in healthy pigs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four mini-pigs underwent POP following general anaesthesia. The mucosal entrance was situated 5 cm above the pylorus...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Ingrid Herskovitz, Olivia B Hughes, Flor Macquhae, Adele Rakosi, Robert Kirsner
Autologous skin grafts, such as full- and split-thickness, have long been part of the reconstructive ladder as an option to close skin defects. Although they are effective in providing coverage, they require the need for a trained surgeon, use of anaesthesia and operating room and creation of a wound at the donor site. These drawbacks can be overcome with the use of epidermal skin grafts (ESGs), which can be harvested without the use of anaesthesia in an office setting and with minimal to no scarring at the donor site...
September 2016: International Wound Journal
Renan M Varrique, Gabriela R Lauretti, Julia A Matsumoto, Vera L Lanchote, Natalia V de Moraes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of advanced age on rocuronium kinetic disposition in ASA I-III patients undergoing elective surgeries. METHODS: Young adult (20-50 years, n = 15) and elderly patients (65-85 years, n = 14) submitted to surgery under general anaesthesia were investigated. All patients were induced with individual intravenous doses of midazolam, rocuronium, fentanyl and propofol. Rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block was monitored by train of four stimulations of the adductor muscle of the thumb on the ulnar nerve...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A A J Van Zundert, S P Gatt, R P Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Isabella Epiu, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Cephas Mijumbi, Francois Ndarugirire, Theogene Twagirumugabe, Edwin Rwebusiga Lugazia, Gerald Dubowitz, Thomas M Chokwe
BACKGROUND: Mortality from anaesthesia and surgery in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa remain at levels last seen in high-income countries 70 years ago. With many factors contributing to these poor outcomes, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" campaign in 2007. This program included the design and implementation of the "Surgical Safety Checklist", incorporating ten essential objectives for safe surgery. We set out to determine the knowledge of and attitudes towards the use of the WHO checklist for surgical patients in national referral hospitals in East Africa...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Lyn Li Lean, Ryan Yee Shiun Hong, Lian Kah Ti
Communication of feedback during teaching of practical procedures is a fine balance of structure and timing. We investigate if continuous in-task (IT) or end-task feedback (ET) is more effective in teaching spinal anaesthesia to medical students. End-task feedback was hypothesized to improve both short-term and long-term procedural learning retention as experiential learning promotes active learning after encountering errors during practice. Upon exposure to a 5-min instructional video, students randomized to IT or ET feedbacks were trained using a spinal simulator mannequin...
July 27, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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