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Anaesthesia training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188308/ureteroscopy-from-the-recent-past-to-the-near-future
#1
REVIEW
José Manuel Reis Santos
Stone surgery is one of oldest surgical practices undertaken by man. Hippocrates refused to let his followers "cut for the stone" and it was only in February 1980, when the first human trial of shock wave therapy on a renal stone was performed with success that a new era in minimally invasive treatment (surgery) for stones was opened up and this condemnation was finally resolved in the Hippocratic Oath. Endoscopy, using natural orifices, supported by anaesthesia, incremented by technology and with access to all points along the urinary tract, began by competing with ESWL, but is now the treatment of choice in most cases...
November 29, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175318/effectiveness-of-a-blended-learning-course-including-e-learning-and-flipped-classroom-in-first-year-anaesthesia-training
#2
Antoine Marchalot, Bertrand Dureuil, Benoit Veber, Jean-Luc Fellahi, Jean-Luc Hanouz, Hervé Dupont, Emmanuel Lorne, Vincent Compère
BACKGROUND: Blended learning, which combines internet-based platform and lecturing, is used in anaesthesiology and critical care teaching. However, the benefits of this method remain unclear. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicentre, non-randomised work between 2007 and 2014 to study the effect of blended learning on the results of first year anaesthesia and critical care residents in comparison with traditional teaching. Blended learning was implemented in Rouen University Hospital in 2011 and residents affiliated to this university corresponded as the blended learning group...
November 22, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172310/could-video-glasses-contribute-to-behaviour-management-in-the-21st-century
#3
Abdullah Casaus, Biraj Patel, Laura Brown, Kristian Coomaraswamy
Dental fear in the paediatric population can be a significant barrier to providing optimal dental care. Pharmacological management techniques utilized to manage anxiety, such as conscious sedation and general anaesthesia, are expensive and require specialized equipment with additional staff training. With recent advances in technology, video glasses are an economic and novel distraction technique that may aid in improving behaviour management and facilitate dental treatment. Clinical relevance: Nervous children may find difficulty in accessing care owing to their inability to co-operate and accept dental treatment...
January 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169646/development-of-an-intelligent-surgical-training-system-for-thoracentesis
#4
Hirenkumar Nakawala, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Elena De Momi
Surgical training improves patient care, helps to reduce surgical risks, increases surgeon's confidence, and thus enhances overall patient safety. Current surgical training systems are more focused on developing technical skills, e.g. dexterity, of the surgeons while lacking the aspects of context-awareness and intra-operative real-time guidance. Context-aware intelligent training systems interpret the current surgical situation and help surgeons to train on surgical tasks. As a prototypical scenario, we chose Thoracentesis procedure in this work...
November 20, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161399/global-lessons-developing-military-trauma-care-and-lessons-for-civilian-practice
#5
T Woolley, J A Round, M Ingram
The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have helped to shape the modern Defence Medical Services. Many lessons were learnt including the need for rapid haemorrhage control, senior decision-making and the evolution of deployed transfusion support. These changes were implemented simultaneously with a coherent, end-to-end medical plan from point of wounding through to rehabilitation. Implementation of the medical plan is harmonious with the NHS trauma pathway, and is key to ensuring effective delivery. Military anaesthetists have a long pre-deployment training pathway starting with a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) in anaesthesia and/or critical care, and with an emphasis on military skills related to their specific role...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161392/the-future-united-kingdom-anaesthetic-workforce-training-education-and-role-boundaries-for-anaesthetists-and-others
#6
A E Cooper
Anaesthesia is the largest hospital-based specialty in the UK, and the activities of the anaesthesia workforce underpin the care of all patients in the hospital sector. Changes in the way care will be delivered in the future will impact on the workforce as a consequence of patient requirements and funding issues. This article considers these and other factors in the context of the current and future workforce.
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161391/an-overview-of-space-medicine
#7
P D Hodkinson, R A Anderton, B N Posselt, K J Fong
Space medicine is fundamental to the human exploration of space. It supports survival, function and performance in this challenging and potentially lethal environment. It is international, intercultural and interdisciplinary, operating at the boundaries of exploration, science, technology and medicine. Space medicine is also the latest UK specialty to be recognized by the Royal College of Physicians in the UK and the General Medical Council. This review introduces the field of space medicine and describes the different types of spaceflight, environmental challenges, associated medical and physiological effects, and operational medical considerations...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161386/to-err-is-human-use-of-simulation-to-enhance-training-and-patient-safety-in-anaesthesia
#8
H Higham, B Baxendale
Human beings who work in complex, dynamic, and stressful situations make mistakes. This is as true for anaesthetists as for any other health-care professional, but we face unique challenges in the many roles and responsibilities we have in diverse clinical contexts. As a profession, we are well versed in the development and utilization of improvement techniques and technologies that prioritize high-quality, safe care for patients. This article focuses on one particular domain of patient safety in which anaesthetists have been pre-eminent, the use of simulation in training to improve both professional capabilities and patient safety in anaesthetic practice...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149877/key-bottlenecks-to-the-provision-of-safe-obstetric-anaesthesia-in-low-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-64-hospitals-in-uganda
#9
Isabella Epiu, Agnes Wabule, Andrew Kambugu, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in surgery and anaesthesia which significantly improve safety, many health facilities in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) remain chronically under-resourced with inability to cope effectively with serious obstetric complications (Knight et al., PLoS One 8:e63846, 2013). As a result many of these countries still have unacceptably high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. Recent data at the national referral hospitals in East Africa reported that none of the national referral hospitals met the World Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists (WFSA) international standards required to provide safe obstetric anaesthesia (Epiu I: Challenges of Anesthesia in Low-and Middle-Income Countries...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137582/the-effectiveness-of-regional-anaesthesia-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-dedicated-regional-anaesthesia-service-incorporating-a-block-room
#10
A Chin, L Heywood, P Iu, A M Pelecanos, M J Barrington
Dedicated regional anaesthesia services incorporating block rooms and/or block teams may facilitate theatre efficiency and improve training in regional anaesthesia. Currently, it is unknown if a dedicated regional anaesthesia service improves the effectiveness of regional anaesthesia. In November 2013, the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital established a dedicated regional anaesthesia service comprising a block team and a block room. Pre-intervention (conventional model of care) registry data was retrospectively compared with post-intervention (dedicated regional anaesthesia service) audit data, with regard to pain and opioid requirement in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU)...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125364/improving-care-for-patients-with-dementia-in-the-recovery-room
#11
Helena Edis
Caring for patients with dementia emerging from general anaesthesia in the recovery room can be very challenging. Sedation is sometimes necessary in order to nurse patients effectively and avoid any negative consequences of poor post-anaesthetic care. No local or national guidelines could be found to suggest best nursing practice in this situation. Three small-scale innovations were introduced into the recovery room in one hospital as part of a quality improvement project to give alternatives to chemical restraint...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082007/assessing-the-global-reach-and-value-of-a-provider-facing-healthcare-app-using-large-scale-analytics
#12
Vikas O'Reilly-Shah, George Easton, Scott Gillespie
BACKGROUND: The rapid global adoption of mobile health (mHealth) smartphone apps by healthcare providers presents challenges and opportunities in medicine. Challenges include ensuring the delivery of high-quality, up-to-date and optimised information. Opportunities include the ability to study global practice patterns, access to medical and surgical care and continuing medical education needs. METHODS: We studied users of a free anaesthesia calculator app used worldwide...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985089/examining-participant-perceptions-of-an-interprofessional-simulation-based-trauma-team-training-for-medical-and-nursing-students
#13
Rune Bruhn Jakobsen, Sarah Frandsen Gran, Bergsvein Grimsmo, Kari Arntzen, Erik Fosse, Jan C Frich, Per Hjortdahl
High quality care relies on interprofessional teamwork. We developed a short simulation-based course for final year medical, nursing and nursing anaesthesia students, using scenarios from emergency medicine. The aim of this paper is to describe the adaptation of an interprofessional simulation course in an undergraduate setting and to report participants' experiences with the course and students' learning outcomes. We evaluated the course collecting responses from students through questionnaires with both closed-ended and open-ended questions, supplemented by the facilitators' assessment of students' performance...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984104/a-simple-and-cheap-simulator-for-training-in-spinal-anaesthesia
#14
Romualdo Del Buono, Fabio Costa, Chiara Piliego, Felice E Agrò
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981584/variations-in-assessment-and-certification-in-postgraduate-anaesthesia-training-a-european-survey
#15
G Jonker, L A Manders, A P Marty, C J Kalkman, Th J Ten Cate, E F van Gessel, R G Hoff
Background: Postgraduate specialty training has traditionally been based on a time- and rotation-based model, but competency-based models are emerging. Because anaesthesia training evolves differently across Europe, variations in assessment and certification processes are expected, but the extent of similarities and differences is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare anaesthesia training programmes in Europe, focusing on assessment and certification processes. Methods: We performed an online survey among national representatives of the Union of European Medical Specialists/European Board of Anaesthesiology...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975884/anaesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy-for-suspected-bleeding
#16
Ida Helsø, Martin Risom, Therese Risom Vestergaard, Nicolai Bang Foss, Steffen Rosenstock, Morten Hylander Møller, Lars Hyldborg Lundstrøm, Nicolai Lohse
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common emergency. Currently, there are no agreed guidelines on the level of anaesthetic support required in patients undergoing acute esophago-gastro-duodendoscopy (EGD). METHODS: An online questionnaire comprising 19 questions was distributed to all members of the Danish Association of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care (n = 1,418) and the Danish Society of Anaesthesiologists in Training (n = 566). The questions concerned clinical practice for anaesthesia care to patients undergoing EGD for suspected UGIB and availability of local guidelines...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972035/practice-under-pressure-what-neurology-can-learn-from-anaesthesia
#17
REVIEW
Mark Stacey
Performing a stressful task under pressure is challenging. Strategies to optimise our training must focus on learning a skill correctly, and then practising that skill sufficiently to avoid compromising that performance in the cauldron of the clinical environment. This article discusses ways of doing things better, based on practical strategies employed in anaesthesia, but developed primarily in elite sport and the military. It involves taking a skill, practising it until it becomes a habit and over time making it part of normal behaviour...
December 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963743/community-health-centre-based-outreach-clinic-for-undergraduate-dental-education-experience-in-helsinki-over-8%C3%A2-years
#18
S Goswami, T Karaharju-Suvanto, M Kaila, B Tseveenjav
INTRODUCTION: The University Dental Clinic of the City of Helsinki (UDC) developed a Community Health Centre-Based Outreach Clinic, with emphasis on paediatric dentistry. This study aimed to summarise the experiences and explore the student perspectives of the health centre-based outreach teaching clinic. METHODS: The study data were from the years 2010 to 2016. The dental procedures carried out by the third- to fifth-year dental students were based on electronic health record of patients...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953309/measurement-of-cricoid-pressure-force-during-simulated-sellick-s-manoeuvre
#19
Paweł Andruszkiewicz, Mateusz Zawadka, Anna Kosińska, Paulina Walczak-Wieteska, Kalina Majerowicz
BACKGROUND: Cricoid pressure is a standard anaesthetic procedure used to reduce the risk of aspiration of gastric contents during the induction of general anaesthesia. However, for several years its validity has been questioned. There still remains the question of whether we perform it correctly. The aim of the study was an evaluation of the theoretical knowledge of Sellick's manoeuvre, as well an assessment of practical skill related with it when simulated on a model of the upper airway...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881352/current-practice-of-airway-stenting-in-the-adult-population-in-europe-a-survey-of-the-european-association-of-bronchology-and-interventional-pulmonology-eabip
#20
Hervé Dutau, David Breen, Antonio Bugalho, Levent Dalar, Johannes Daniels, Christophe Dooms, Ralf Eberhardt, Lars Ek, Milena Encheva, Michel Febvre, Martin Hackl, Sirje Marran, Zsolt Papai-Szekely, Michael Perch, Mihovil Roglic, Antoni Rosell, Ales Rozman, Pallav L Shah, Marioara Simon, Artur Szlubowski, Grigoris Stratakos, Arve Sundset, Toomas Uibu, Christophe Von Garnier, Bojan Zaric, Marija Zdraveska, Lina Zuccatosta, Darijo Bokan, Syed Arshad Husain, Semra Bilaceroglu, Paola Gasche-Soccal, Stefano Gasparini, Felix J F Herth, Muhammed Munavvar
BACKGROUND: Airway stenting (AS) commenced in Europe circa 1987 with the first placement of a dedicated silicone airway stent. Subsequently, over the last 3 decades, AS was spread throughout Europe, using different insertion techniques and different types of stents. OBJECTIVES: This study is an international survey conducted by the European Association of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology (EABIP) focusing on AS practice within 26 European countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all EABIP National Delegates in February 2015...
September 8, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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