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Anaphylaxis hemodialysis

Başak Akyıldız, Serkan Özsoylu, Mehmet Adnan Öztürk, Abdullah İnci, Önder Düzlü, Alparslan Yıldırım
Bee venom is a complex substance which acts in different ways; local or systemic anaphylaxis associated with IgE and direct toxic effects of the large volume of injected venom. We report a 10- year-old boy who was the vulnerable of 5989 honey bee attacks. To the best of our knowledge, this case had the ultimate number of honey bee stings in the literature, until now. He was admitted to pediatric intensive care unit after 3 hours of incident. Plasmapheresis was started to remove circulating venom that can cause many systemic side effects...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Tila Facincani, Maia Nogueira Crown Guimarães, Sigrid De Sousa Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of yellow fever (YF) vaccine in dialysis patients are not well known. There is concern about the risks and benefits of the vaccine in immunocompromised patients living in endemic areas, particularly given the risk of resurgence of urban YF with the spread of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The purpose of this study was to assess the coverage and safety of YF vaccine in chronic dialysis patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 130 chronic dialysis patients was performed...
July 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Nivin Aziz, Carla Luna, Farheen Mirza, Mary Tobin
Allergic reactions to epoetin alfa, including anaphylaxis, have been described but desensitization in the setting of an IgE-mediated reaction has not been reported. We present a case of a hemodialysis patient who developed symptoms of an IgE-mediated allergic response to epoetin alfa that occurred after each administration. These reactions progressed to a single episode of anaphylaxis with generalized pruritus, urticaria, oropharyngeal edema, and hypotension that prompted its discontinuation. Intradermal skin testing confirmed an allergic response to this agent...
November 2015: Seminars in Dialysis
Adrian Listyo, Kathrin Scherer Hofmeier, Oliver Bandschapp, Thomas Erb, Carol-Claudius Hasler, Andreas J Bircher
Ethylene oxide (EO) is a highly reactive gas widely used for sterilization of medical devices, for example, plastic materials and ventriculoperitoneal shunts. Allergic reactions to EO are rare and have been observed mainly in patients during hemodialysis and myelomeningocele patients. We describe severe anaphylaxis to EO in a patient with myelomeningocele during general anesthesia. A detailed description is provided about the prevention measures aimed at reducing exposure to EO including a novel approach by resterilization with plasma...
January 1, 2014: A & A Case Reports
Toru Hifumi, Atsushi Sakai, Akihiko Yamamoto, Masahiro Murakawa, Manabu Ato, Keigo Shibayama, Hiroshi Kato, Yuichi Koido, Junichi Inoue, Yuko Abe, Kenya Kawakita, Masanobu Hagiike, Akihiko Ginnaga, Yasuhiro Kuroda
BACKGROUND: Rhabdophis tigrinus (Yamakagashi snake) is a rear-fanged colubrid snake present throughout Russia and Asia. Its venom induces life-threatening hemorrhagic symptoms and severe disseminated intravascular coagulation with a fibrinolytic phenotype. R. tigrinus antivenom manufactured by the immunization of horses to neutralize the venom has the risk of adverse events such as anaphylaxis and serum sickness disease. It should be used when benefit is greater than the risk of adverse effects; however, its efficacy has not been well evaluated...
2014: Journal of Intensive Care
Hemachandar Radhakrishnan
In most patients, wasp stings cause local reactions and rarely anaphylaxis. Acute kidney injury and rhabdomyolysis are unusual complications of wasp stings. We report a case of acute kidney injury and rhabdomyolysis secondary to multiple wasp stings. A 55-year-old farmer developed multi organ dysfunction with acute kidney injury and rhabdomyolysis 3 days after he had sustained multiple wasp stings. The etiology of acute kidney injury is probably both rhabdomyolysis and acute tubular necrosis. He improved completely after hemodialysis and intensive care...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Kai-Hsiang Shu, Tze-Wah Kao, Wen-Chih Chiang, Vin-Cent Wu
A 75-year-old woman was admitted for dyspnea and fever. She underwent emergent dialysis smoothly under F6-HPS polysulfone hemodialyzer. With two subsequent hemodialysis sessions, severe anaphylactic reaction with cardiopulmonary resuscitation occurred under FX60 polysulfone dialyzer. Further dialysis sessions by F6-HPS polysulfone dialyzer were uneventful. This rare case demonstrated that dialyzer reaction may be markedly different even with the same material and the same manufacturer.
October 2014: Hemodialysis International
D Orbegozo Cortes, C Santacruz, K Donadello, L Nobile, F S Taccone
BACKGROUND: Fluid therapy is widely used in critically ill patients to restore effective intravascular volume and improve organ perfusion. Recent studies have questioned the administration of colloid-based solutions, especially if containing hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in different ICU populations; however, there is still uncertainty on the use of colloids as initial fluid therapy for early resuscitation. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two different resuscitation fluid strategies on the mortality of patients with shock...
August 2014: Minerva Anestesiologica
Sukran Kose, Bengu Tatar, Sabri Atalay, Mehmet Erden, Erhan Tatar
BACKGROUND: Incidence of allergic reactions is increased in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, the prevalence of latex allergy is not exactly known in HD patients. The aim of this present study is to determine the prevalence of latex allergy in HD patients. METHODS: A total of 205 adult HD patients were included in the study. Questionnaires were completed during patient interviews, and their consents were provided. Latex prick test and latex specific IgE test (HY-TEC, K82) were performed...
July 2013: Renal Failure
Kelly D Heegard, Molly A Tilley, Ian J Stewart, Harcourt P Edgecombe, Jonathan B Lundy, Evan M Renz, Kevin K Chung
Adverse reactions during hemodialysis are extremely common and include a wide range of clinical presentations from mild to life threatening. We present a case of a 34 year old woman in the Burn Intensive Care Unit, who developed acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy. She was placed on continuous veno-venous hemofiltration with the NxStage machine which uses a synthetic PUREMA polyethersulfone filter sterilized by gamma radiation. Within two minutes of initiating hemofiltration, the patient complained of pruritus as well as dyspnea and became flushed and agitated...
May 17, 2013: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Madhumita Nandi, Sumantra Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Common manifestations of hypersensitivity reactions to toxins of stinging insects range from local swelling to angioedema and anaphylaxis. Sometimes it may result in unusual manifestations like intravascular hemolysis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, rhabdomyolysis, etc. Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to immune-mediated acute interstitial nephritis is an extremely uncommon manifestation of insect stings. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: A 9-year-old boy who developed renal failure from acute interstitial nephritis 7 days after getting stung by a swarm of wasps at multiple sites is described...
December 2012: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Jenny I Shen, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
Anticoagulation is essential to hemodialysis, and unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the most commonly used anticoagulant in the United States. However, there is no universally accepted standard for its administration in long-term hemodialysis. Dosage schedules vary and include weight-based protocols and low-dose protocols for those at high risk of bleeding, as well as regional anticoagulation with heparin and heparin-coated dialyzers. Adjustments are based largely on clinical signs of under- and overanticoagulation...
September 2012: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Niranjan M Rachaiah, Lokesh A Jayappagowda, Harsha B Siddabyrappa, Venkatesh K Bharath
The wasp stings usually cause local reactions and rarely anaphylaxis. However the multiple wasp stings may cause multisystem involvement. We report a case of acute renal failure (ARF) following multiple wasp stings. A middle aged healthy gentleman presented with pain and swelling of the upper part of the body following multiple wasp stings. After 2 days, he developed progressive decrease in urine output with high colored urine. Physical examination revealed the edematous and tender affected part. On investigating, it was found to have sequential elevations in renal function tests...
February 2012: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
R Y Lin, G Rodriguez-Baez, G A Bhargave, H Lin
Since the 1999 US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning of renal failure/dysfunction associated with intravenous gammaglobulin (IVIg), there has been a movement towards developing safer, more convenient formulations. Until now, the scope of renal failure associated with IVIg, has not been well described. The FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) from 2004 through 2009 was examined for renal impairment reactions due to IVIg and associated demographic features, comorbidities and indications. Anaphylaxis cases associated with IVIg administration were used as a comparison group...
November 2011: Clinical Nephrology
Igor Denizarde Bacelar Marques, Karina França Pinheiro, Lílian Pires de Freitas do Carmo, Maristela Carvalho Costa, Hugo Abensur
The majority of severe hypersensitivity reactions in hemodialysis patients have occurred due to sensitization to ethylene oxide or to nonbiocompatible membrane dialyzers. The use of polysulfone dialyzers rarely causes hypersensitivity reactions. In the present study, we describe a case of severe life-threatening reactions induced by polysulfone dialyzers (from different manufacturers subjected to a variety of sterilization methods), which occurred after 9 sessions of hemodialysis with the same prescription, exemplifying the complexity of such reactions...
July 2011: Hemodialysis International
Min Lu, Martin H Cohen, Dwaine Rieves, Richard Pazdur
On June 30, 2009, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ferumoxytol (Feraheme injection, AMAG Pharmaceuticals), an iron-containing product for intravenous (IV) administration, for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia in adult patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The safety and efficacy of ferumoxytol were assessed in three randomized, open-label, controlled clinical trials. Two trials evaluated patients with nondialysis dependent CKD and a third trial assessed patients undergoing hemodialysis...
May 2010: American Journal of Hematology
Mitchell H Rosner, W Kline Bolton
Iron deficiency anemia is a common occurrence in patients with chronic kidney disease and many patients do not respond well to supplementation with oral iron. There are now five intravenous iron preparations available for use in the chronic kidney disease patient, with ferumoxytol being the most recently approved agent. As opposed to previously available intravenous irons, ferumoxytol has the advantage of not needing a test dose, allowing a large dose of iron (510 mg) to be given in a short period of time by bolus injection, and no reported cases of anaphylaxis...
November 2009: Drugs of Today
B Paudel, K Paudel
Hymenopterid stings and subsequent allergic reactions including fatal anaphylaxis are common indications for emergency department visits worldwide. Besides that, sting can cause death as a result of multi-system involvement ranging from intravascular hemolysis, rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure, hepatic dysfunction and occasionally thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy. Eleven cases (all male, age 35.5 +/- 15.2 years) of wasp bites admitted in the Manipal Teaching Hospital (MTH), Pokhara during 01st February, 2006 to 30th October, 2007 were enrolled in this study...
March 2009: Nepal Medical College Journal: NMCJ
Loay Salman, Arif Asif
Antibiotic prophylaxis has been employed to reduce the risk of infection. Many reports have documented the role of prophylactic antibiotics on the subsequent development of infection in patients undergoing surgical as well as a variety of percutaneous interventions including cardiac, vascular, biliary, genitourinary, and drainage of fluid collections. While prophylactic antibiotics can be critically important for certain procedures, their use can be associated with allergic reactions (including anaphylaxis), development of bacterial resistance, and increased costs of medical care...
May 2009: Seminars in Dialysis
Neriman Defne Altintaş, Melda Aybar Türkoğlu, Bülent Bozkurt, Arzu Topeli Iskit, Gül Karakaya, A Fuat Kalyoncu
A successful desensitization protocol in a patient with low molecular weight heparin induced anaphylactic reaction is being presented. A 72-years-old patient who was known to have multiple drug allergies and asthma was admitted with acute renal insufficiency. She had an anaphylactic reaction with a low molecular weight heparin during a hemodialysis session. Peritoneal dialysis was not feasible. Anticoagulation with warfarin was not considered appropriate; alternative anticoagulants were not available. Therefore a desensitization protocol was planned and applied, comprising of IV administration of diluted heparin by gradually increasing doses (0...
2009: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
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