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Anti-aging Medicine

Yun-Wen Chiao, Yu-Jen Chen, Yu-Hsien Kuo, Chung-Yen Lu
OBJECTIVES: Experimental research has shown that herbal and traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) may serve as complements to Western medicine treatments in the control of blood glucose and cardiovascular complications, but population-based studies are limited. We investigated the association between TCM use and subsequent risk of stroke in older patients with diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: The database used in this cohort study contained longitudinal medical claims for one million subjects randomly selected among beneficiaries of a universal health care program in Taiwan...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pao-Hsien Huang, Chih-Hua Tseng, Chia-Yu Lin, Chiang-Wen Lee, Feng-Lin Yen
Background: 7,3',4'-Trihydroxyisoflavone (734THI), a secondary metabolite derived from daidzein in soybean, possesses several biological activities, including antioxidant, skin whitening and anti-atopic dermatitis properties, but the poor aqueous solubility of 734THI has limited its application in medicine and cosmetic industry. Methods: The aim of the present study was to improve the physicochemical properties of 734THI using planetary ball mill preparation under a solvent-free process to improve its solubility and anti-pollutant activity...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Gemma D Banham, Shaun M Flint, Nicholas Torpey, Paul A Lyons, Don N Shanahan, Adele Gibson, Christopher J E Watson, Ann-Marie O'Sullivan, Joseph A Chadwick, Katie E Foster, Rachel B Jones, Luke R Devey, Anna Richards, Lars-Peter Erwig, Caroline O Savage, Kenneth G C Smith, Robert B Henderson, Menna R Clatworthy
BACKGROUND: B cells produce alloantibodies and activate alloreactive T cells, negatively affecting kidney transplant survival. By contrast, regulatory B cells are associated with transplant tolerance. Immunotherapies are needed that inhibit B-cell effector function, including antibody secretion, while sparing regulators and minimising infection risk. B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) is a cytokine that promotes B-cell activation and has not previously been targeted in kidney transplant recipients...
June 14, 2018: Lancet
Thomas Jonathan Stewart, Carl Bazergy
Background : Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory skin disorder with not as yet fully understood pathogenesis. In this controlled study, we assessed acne vulgaris patients for several possible pathogenic factors such as vitamin D deficiency, vegan diet, increased body mass index (BMI) and positive anti-transglutaminase antibody. Methods : We screened 10 years of records at a family medicine clinic for patients diagnosed with acne vulgaris. In eligible subjects, we collected data regarding 25-hydroxylvitamin D levels, BMI, dietary preference and serum IgA tissue transglutaminase levels...
2018: Dermato-endocrinology
Alfredo Guarino, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Dario Bruzzese, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Ilaria Liguoro, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu
OBJECTIVES: Despite a substantial consistency in recommendations for the management of children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE), a high variability in clinical practice and a high rate of inappropriate medical interventions persist in both developing and developed countries.Aim of this study was to develop a set of clinical recommendations for the management of non-severely malnourished children with AGE to be applied worldwide. METHODS: The Federation of International Societies of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) Working Group (WG) selected care protocols on the management of acute diarrhea in infants and children aged between 1 month and 18 years...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Nitish Rai, G Venugopalan, Rashmita Pradhan, Akash Ambastha, Ashish Datt Upadhyay, Sadanand Dwivedi, Aparajit B Dey, Sharmistha Dey
Frailty in elderly is very much familiar with a decline in the musculoskeletal system. Muscle degeneration in the lower organism was observed due to loss of anti-oxidant protein Sestrin. The aim of the study is to determine the level of Sestrin1 and Sestrin2 in the serum of frail and non-frail elderly to associate their impact in frailty syndrome. Subjects with age ≥ 65 years were enrolled from Geriatric Medicine OPD of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (N= 92). Among them, 51 subjects were identified as frail and rest 41 were regarded as non-frail according to "deficit accumulation model of Rockwood...
April 2018: Aging and Disease
Mohd Sajid Ali, Hamad A Al-Lohedan
For determining the pharmacological properties of medicinal compounds, their binding with serum albumins is very crucial. Herein, we have selected safranal, a major constituent of saffron which is known to retain a number of medicinal properties including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, tumoricidal, anti-genotoxic, and anti-aging activities; and studied its mechanism of binding with human serum albumin at physiological pH using various spectroscopic methods along with computational approach using molecular docking...
May 29, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Antero Salminen, Kai Kaarniranta, Anu Kauppinen
Traditional herbal medicine has provided natural remedies against cancers and many age-related inflammatory diseases for thousands of years. Modern drug discovery techniques have revealed several active ingredients and their medicinal targets have been characterized. Concurrently, there has been great progress in understanding the pathological mechanisms underpinning cancers and inflammatory diseases. These studies have demonstrated that immature myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have a crucial role in the immune escape of cancer cells thus promoting tumor growth...
June 8, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Takeshi Nishino, Takahiro Yoshida, Masakazu Goto, Seiya Inoue, Takuya Minato, Satoshi Fujiwara, Yota Yamamoto, Yoshihito Furukita, Yasuhiro Yuasa, Hiromichi Yamai, Hirokazu Takechi, Hiroaki Toba, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Mitsuteru Yoshida, Junichi Seike, Takanori Miyoshi, Akira Tangoku
BACKGROUND: Daikenchuto (TJ-100), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, is widely used in Japan. Its effects on gastrointestinal motility and microcirculation and its anti-inflammatory effect are known. The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of TJ-100 after esophagectomy in esophageal cancer patients. METHODS: Forty patients for whom subtotal esophageal resection for esophageal cancer was planned at our institute from March 2011 to August 2013 were enrolled and divided into two groups at the point of determination of the operation schedule after informed consent was obtained: a TJ-100 (15 g/day)-treated group (n = 20) and a control group (n = 20)...
April 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Lingyun Sun, Jun J Mao, Emily Vertosick, Christina Seluzicki, Yufei Yang
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely used among Chinese cancer patients. However, little is known about Chinese patients' expectations and barriers toward using TCM for cancer. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey within a patient-support group, the Beijing Anti-Cancer Association. We measured the outcome, Chinese cancer survivors' expectations and barriers toward TCM utilization, using a modified version of ABCAM (Attitudes and Beliefs towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine), the ABTCM (Attitudes and Beliefs towards Traditional Chinese Medicine)...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Md Sahab Uddin, Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Asaduzzaman, Fakhrul Hosn, Mohammad Abu Sufian, Shinya Takeda, Oscar Herrera-Calderon, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, G M Sala Uddin, Md Ali Asif Noor, Mst Marium Begum, Md Tanvir Kabir, Sonia Zaman, Md Shahid Sarwar, Md Mosiqur Rahman, Md Rajdoula Rafe, Md Farhad Hossain, Md Sarwar Hossain, Mohammed Ashraful Iqbal, Md Ataur Rahman Sujan
Background: Neurological disorders represent one of the most prominent causes of morbidity and mortality that adversely affect the lifestyle of patients and a major percentage of these diseases exists in developing countries. Purpose: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and prescription pattern for outpatients with neurological disorders in Bangladesh. Methods: The study was conducted on 1,684 patients in 6 hospitals (National Institute of Neurosciences and Hospital, Dhaka Medical College and Hospital, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Sir Salimullah Medical College, and Apollo Hospitals Dhaka) of the Dhaka City from March 2014 to June 2015...
April 2018: Annals of Neurosciences
J L Xu, K C N Jike, Y Ma, G Yu, J Wang, K Wang, P Xu, Q Liao, Y H Gong, S Y Zhong, H Liu, K E S Jike, L Pang, Z F Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and to explore the releated factors of antiretroviral therapy among HIV/AIDS patients in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. Methods: The method of convenience sampling was adopted in July 2017 to select the research objects who were accepted antiretroviral therapy (ART) over 6 months, older than 18 years and had HIV viral load in 2016, totally 400 cases. A retrospective study was used to collect the data, including social demography, medicine use, information of medical service acquisition, their own behaviors and cognition...
June 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
José M Lou-Bonafonte, Roberto Martínez-Beamonte, Teresa Sanclemente, Joaquín C Surra, Luis V Herrera-Marcos, Javier Sanchez-Marco, Carmen Arnal, Jesús Osada
Squalene is a triterpenic compound found in a large number of plants and other sources with a long tradition of research since it was first reported in 1926. Herein we present a systematic review of studies concerning squalene published in the last eight years. These studies have provided further support for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic properties in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, an anti-neoplastic effect in nutrigenetic-type treatments, which depend on the failing metabolic pathway of tumors, has also been reported...
June 8, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Archana Kharyal, Sibin George, Md Akbar, Lalit Dandona
BACKGROUND: Animal bites and stings contribute significantly to mortality in certain parts of the world. India accounts for the highest number of snakebites and related mortality globally. We report on mortality due to bite or sting of a venomous animal from a population-based study in the Indian state of Bihar which estimated the causes of death using verbal autopsy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Interviews were conducted for all deaths that occurred from January 2012 to March 2014 in 109,689 households (87...
2018: PloS One
Xian Sun, Yizhi Cui, Qing Wang, Shengquan Tang, Xin Cao, Hongtian Luo, Zhili He, Xiaonong Hu, Xiangping Nie, Yufeng Yang, Tong Wang
Organoselenium have garnered attention because of their potential to be used as ingredients in new anti-aging and antioxidation medicines and food. Rotifers are frequently used as a model organism for ageing research. In this study, we used Se-enriched Chlorella (Se-Chlorella), a novel organoselenium compound, to feed Brachionus plicatilis to establish a rotifer model with a prolonged lifespan. The results showed that the antioxidative effect in Se-enriched rotifer was associated with an increase in guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and catalase (CAT)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Xiao-Bing Huang, Gui-Sheng Wu, Lei-Yu Ke, Xiao-Gang Zhou, Yue-Hu Wang, Huai-Rong Luo
Aging is a major risk factor for many prevalent diseases. Pharmacological intervention to improve the health span and extend the lifespan could be a preventive elixir for aging and age-related diseases. The non-steroid anti-inflammation medicine aspirin was reported to delay aging in Caenorhabditis elegans ( C. elegans ) and mice. We are wondering if the analogues of aspirin could also present antiaging activity. Here, we synthesized several aspirin derivatives and investigated their thermotolerance and antiaging effect in C...
June 5, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Vani Jaswal, Jeyanthi Palanivelu, Ramalingam C
Conventional and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is popularly used due to side-effects and failure of approved methods, for diseases like Epilepsy and Cancer. Amygdalin, a cyanogenic diglycoside is commonly administered for cancer with other CAM therapies like vitamins and seeds of fruits like apricots and bitter almonds, due to its ability to hydrolyse to hydrogen cyanide (HCN), benzaldehyde and glucose. Over the years, several cases of cyanide toxicity on ingestion have been documented. In-vitro and in-vivo studies using various doses and modes of administration, like IV administration studies that showed no HCN formation, point to the role played by the gut microbiota for the commonly seen poisoning on consumption...
July 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Kristin Banek, Emily L Webb, Samuel Juana Smith, Daniel Chandramohan, Sarah G Staedke
BACKGROUND: Prompt, effective treatment of confirmed malaria cases with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is a cornerstone of malaria control. Maximizing adherence to ACT medicines is key to ensuring treatment effectiveness. METHODS: This open-label, randomized trial evaluated caregiver adherence to co-formulated artemether-lumefantrine (AL) and fixed-dose amodiaquine-artesunate (AQAS) in Sierra Leone. Children aged 6-59 months diagnosed with malaria were recruited from two public clinics, randomized to receive AL or AQAS, and visited at home the day after completing treatment...
June 4, 2018: Malaria Journal
Shin-Young Park, Govindarajan Karthivashan, Hyun Myung Ko, Duk-Yeon Cho, Joonsoo Kim, Dae Jun Cho, Palanivel Ganesan, In Su-Kim, Dong-Kug Choi
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a commonly reported age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Microglial-mediated neuroinflammation is one of the cardinal hallmarks of various neurodegenerative disorders, including PD progression. Inadequate therapeutic strategies and substantial adverse effects of well-established drug candidates demand new therapeutic leads to treat PD. Dendropanax morbifera (DM) is an endemic plant species of South Korea, and it has been used extensively as traditional medicine to treat numerous clinical complications...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Zhaochen Ning, Yihan Li, Dongyan Liu, John Owoicho Orgah, Jie Zhu, Yan Wang, Yan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside (TSG) is a main bioactive component of Polygonum multiflorum, a traditional Chinese medicine known for certain anti-aging effects. Since TSG has been found to extend lifespan in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, we hypothesized that TSG might produce anti-aging benefits in mammals. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the anti-aging potential of TSG and to explore its relative molecular mechanism. METHODS: Mice were maintained on standard diet, high-calorie diet (HC), or high-calorie plus TSG diet...
May 25, 2018: Gerontology
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