keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anti-aging Medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034840/non-anaesthetic-effects-of-volatile-anaesthetics-a-short-trip-on-the-sea-of-translational-medicine
#1
Lukasz J Krzych, Anna J Szczepanska
BACKGROUND: Volatile anaesthetics (VA) are commonly used worldwide for induction and/or maintenance of general anaesthesia. They act in the central nervous system to reduce sensation and motor response during surgical and invasive diagnostic procedures. VAs also have some non-anaesthetic properties in the brain when administrated to patients at the extremes of age. Their biological impact on other organs should be taken into account during administration of anaesthesia. OBJECTIVE: In this review we summarize the recent knowledge on the non-anaesthetic effects of inhaled halogenic ethers on cells and tissues...
October 13, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985998/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-the-inhibitory-activity-of-the-four-stereoisomers-of-the-potent-and-selective-human-%C3%AE-glutamyl-transpeptidase-inhibitor-ggstop
#2
Bunta Watanabe, Yukiko Tabuchi, Kei Wada, Jun Hiratake
2-Amino-4-{[3-(carboxymethyl)phenoxy](methoxy)phosphoryl}butanoic acid (GGsTop) is a potent, highly selective, nontoxic, and irreversible inhibitor of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT). GGsTop has been widely used in academic and medicinal research, and also as an active ingredient (Nahlsgen) in commercial anti-aging cosmetics. GGsTop consists of four stereoisomers due to the presence of two stereogenic centers, i.e., the α-carbon atom of the glutamate mimic (l/d) and the phosphorus atom (RP/SP). In this study, each stereoisomer of GGsTop was synthesized stereoselectively and their inhibitory activity against human GGT was evaluated...
September 8, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971652/-the-morbidity-and-mortality-of-influenza-patients-treated-at-rambam-medical-center-intensive-care-unit-in-the-years-2009-2014
#3
Yaron Bar-Lavie, Khetam Hussein, Ami Mayo, Daniel King, Zipi Kra-Oz, Michal Paul
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the characteristics and results of the treatment of patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) with influenza in Israel are limited. AIMS: We evaluated the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated at Rambam Medical Center at the adult department of critical care medicine for influenza between the years 2009-2014. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients were detected by laboratory reports and data were extracted from electronic medical records...
September 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962180/preventive-effects-of-polygonum-multiflorum-on-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-in-rats
#4
Manru Zhou, Jin Li, Jingkai Wu, Yajun Yang, Xiaobing Zeng, Xiaohua Lv, Liao Cui, Weimin Yao, Yuyu Liu
In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Polygonum multiflorum (PM) is known for its anti-aging properties. A previous study by our group showed that extracts of PM were able to prevent and treat bone loss in vivo, and the active components emodin and 2,3,5,4,-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (TSG) promoted the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. The aim of the present study was to investigate the preventive effects of PM on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) in rats. A crude extract of PM was prepared with 75% ethanol, purified and enriched using a D-101 macroresin column and elution with 30% ethanol, and the material obtained was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955981/a-relation-between-osteoclastogenesis-inhibition-and-membrane-type-estrogen-receptor-gpr30
#5
Masaaki Masuhara, Takao Tsukahara, Kazuo Tomita, Minami Furukawa, Shouichi Miyawaki, Tomoaki Sato
Disruption of the cooperative balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts causes various bone disorders, some of which are because of abnormal osteoclast recruitment. Osteoporosis, one of the bone disorders, is not effectively treated by currently available medicines. In addition to the development of novel drugs for palliative treatment, the exploitation of novel compounds for preventive treatment is important in an aging society. Quercetin, a major flavonoid found in many fruits and vegetables, has been expected to inhibit cancer and prevent several diseases because of its anti-inflammatory and estrogenic functions...
December 2016: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954485/anti-thyroidal-peroxidase-antibodies-are-associated-with-thyrotropin-levels-in-hypothyroid-patients-and-in-euthyroid-individuals
#6
Barbara Bromińska, Gabriel Bromiński, Maciej Owecki, Michał Michalak, Agata Czarnywojtek, Ryszard Waśko, Marek Ruchała
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the relationship between thyroid antibodies and gland dysfunction, with the aim of finding a clinically useful threshold value of thyreoperoxidase antibodies, which could prove to be predictive for thyroid failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 99 women, ages ranging from 18-91 years (mean age: 45.5 ±17.0), were treated as outpatients in the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950996/unbalanced-plasma-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-12-il-10-profile-in-women-with-migraine-is-associated-with-psychological-and-physiological-outcomes
#7
Arão Belitardo Oliveira, André Luis Lacerda Bachi, Reinaldo Teixeira Ribeiro, Marco Tulio Mello, Sergio Tufik, Mario Fernando Prieto Peres
Increased plasma pro-inflammatory and decreased anti-inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in physiological and behavioural aspects of mood- and pain-related disorders, including migraine. In this case-control study, we assessed mood scores, cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2Peak), and plasma concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-12p70 interictally in women with episodic migraine with/without aura (ICHD-II), taking no preventive medicine, and in healthy women recruited from São Paulo Hospital and local community, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943862/the-chemical-and-antibacterial-evaluation-of-st-john-s-wort-oil-macerates-used-in-kosovar-traditional-medicine
#8
James T Lyles, Austin Kim, Kate Nelson, Angelle L Bullard-Roberts, Avni Hajdari, Behxhet Mustafa, Cassandra L Quave
Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae), or St. John's Wort, is a well-known medicinal herb often associated with the treatment of anxiety and depression. Additionally, an oil macerate (Oleum Hyperici) of its flowering aerial parts is widely used in traditional medicine across the Balkans as a topical wound and ulcer salve. Other studies have shown that Oleum Hyperici reduces both wound size and healing time. Of its active constituents, the naphthodianthrone hypericin and phloroglucinol hyperforin are effective antibacterial compounds against various Gram-positive bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933103/-research-achievements-on-ginsenosides-biosynthesis-from-panax-ginseng
#9
REVIEW
Yan-Ping Lin, Mei-Ping Zhang, Kang-Yu Wang, Chun-Yu Sun, Yi Wang
Panax ginseng is one of the famous rare medicinal herbs, and ginsenosides are the main active ingredient of ginseng is ginsenoside.They can be divided into three chemotypes: oleanane type, protopanaxadiol (PPD) type and the protopanaxatriol (PPT)type. Ginsenosides possess anti-thrombotic, anti-fatigue, anti-aging, cancer control, strengthening the immune system and many other effects. Rrogress has remarkably been made in pharmacology, efficacy and blosynthesis of ginsenosides.This review covers the recent research achievements of ginsenasides, which would be helpful for the relevant researchers to get useful information...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929674/-molecular-mechanisms-of-autophagy-in-regulating-renal-aging-and-interventional-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Yue Tu, Wei Sun, Di-Ping Chen, Yi-Gang Wan, Wei Wu, Jian Yao
Aging is the gradual functional recession of the living tissues or organs caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors together. Autophagy is a process of degrading cytoplasmic components mediated by lysosomes in eukaryotic cells. Kidney is a typical target organ of aging. Autophagy regulates renal aging. Decrease in autophagy can accelerate renal aging,whereas,increase in autophagy can delay renal aging. During the process of regulating renal aging,the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its related signaling pathways including the adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mTOR,the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ serine-threonine kinase(Akt)/mTOR,the AMPK/silent information regulation 1 (Sirt1) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) play the important roles in renal aging...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927141/catalpol-promotes-cellular-apoptosis-in-human-hct116-colorectal-cancer-cells-via-microrna-200-and-the-downregulation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#11
Lan Liu, Hongwei Gao, Hongbo Wang, Yuan Zhang, Weihua Xu, Sen Lin, Hongjuan Wang, Qiong Wu, Jianqiang Guo
Catalpol is an effective active ingredient that functions as a diuretic and laxative, and exhibits blood sugar-lowering, liver protective, anti-aging and anticancer effects. In traditional Chinese medicine, catalpol is believed to be Yin nourishing. The anticancer effect of catalpol on human HCT116 colorectal cancer cells were investigated and the mechanism of action was evaluated. Cellular viability was detected using an MTT assay. Caspase-3 and caspase-9 activity, cellular apoptosis and nucleic morphology were analyzed using caspase-3 and caspase-9 activity assay kits, flow cytometric assays and DAPI staining assay, respectively...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922722/molecular-mechanisms-of-anticancer-effects-of-glucosamine
#12
REVIEW
Fatemeh Zahedipour, Razieh Dalirfardouei, Gholamreza Karimi, Khadijeh Jamialahmadi
Glucosamine is an amino sugar that is produced naturally in human body. It is an essential carbohydrate component of many cellular glycoproteins, glycolipids, and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). This popular over-the-counter supplement is also found in the exoskeleton of crustaceans. Glucosamine and its derivatives have a long history in medicine for inflammatory conditions specially to relieve arthritis. This dietary supplement has numerous biological and pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-fibrotic, neuroprotective and cardioprotective activities...
September 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895673/the-effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-study
#13
Tuba Nazligul, Pinar Akpinar, Ilknur Aktas, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Hulya Cagliyan Hartevioglu
BACKGROUND: Although interferential current (IFC) is a common electrotherapeutic modality used to treat musculoskeletal pain, there is not any randomized controlled trial investigating its clinical efficacy in subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). AIM: Investigation of effectiveness of IFC treatment in patients with SAIS. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879623/the-risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-hemorrhage-after-tooth-extraction-a-multi-center-retrospective-study-of-patients-receiving-oral-antithrombotic-therapy
#14
Takumi Hasegawa, Souichi Yanamoto, Akira Tachibana, Yuka Kojima, Yoshito Koyama, Michinori Maeda, Takahide Komori
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the multivariate relationships between specific risk factors and postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction in patients who were prescribed oral antithrombotic therapy. Risk factors for postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Patient characteristics such as age and gender; the presence or absence of known comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cerebral infarction, and alcohol consumption; and perioperative diarrhea were assessed...
September 6, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879491/profiling-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-and-medication-utilisation-among-type-ii-diabetes-patients-in-ghana-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Eric Adua, Peter Roberts, Samuel Asamoah Sakyi, Francis Agyemang Yeboah, Albert Dompreh, Kwasi Frimpong, Enoch Odame Anto, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is complicated by multiple cardio-metabolic risk factors. Controlling these factors requires lifestyle modifications alongside utilisation of anti-diabetic medications. Different glucose lowering [(biguanides (BIGs), sulfonylureas (SUAs), thiazolidinediones (TNZ)], lipid lowering (statins), and anti-hypertensive medicines [angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), calcium channel blockers (CCBs), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) and central acting drugs (CADs)] have been approved for controlling hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia and hypertension respectively...
September 7, 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874912/prescription-database-analyses-indicates-that-the-asthma-medicine-montelukast-might-protect-against-dementia-a-hypothesis-to-be-verified
#16
Bjørn Grinde, Bo Engdahl
BACKGROUND: It has recently been shown that the leukotriene receptor antagonist montelukast rejuvenates aged brains in rats. The question is whether this commonly used, systemic, anti-asthmatic medicine has a similar effect in humans? RESULTS: We approached this issue by doing statistical analyses based on the Norwegian Prescription Database. The Database lists all prescription-based medications in Norway, but not drugs given to people who are in hospitals or nursing homes...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873128/safety-and-feasibility-of-antiretroviral-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-adolescent-men-who-have-sex-with-men-aged-15-to-17-years-in-the-united-states
#17
Sybil G Hosek, Raphael J Landovitz, Bill Kapogiannis, George K Siberry, Bret Rudy, Brandy Rutledge, Nancy Liu, D Robert Harris, Kathleen Mulligan, Gregory Zimet, Kenneth H Mayer, Peter Anderson, Jennifer J Kiser, Michelle Lally, Jennifer Brothers, Kelly Bojan, Jim Rooney, Craig M Wilson
Importance: Adolescents represent a key population for implementing preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) interventions worldwide, yet tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) for PrEP is only licensed for adults. Objective: To examine the safety of and adherence to PrEP along with changes in sexual risk behavior among adolescent men who have sex with men (MSM). Design, Setting, and Participants: Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions 113 (Project PrEPare) was a PrEP demonstration project that evaluated the safety, tolerability, and acceptability of TDF/FTC and patterns of use, rates of adherence, and patterns of sexual risk behavior among healthy young MSM aged 15 to 17 years...
September 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872612/fructus-ligustri-lucidi-in-osteoporosis-a-review-of-its-pharmacology-phytochemistry-pharmacokinetics-and-safety
#18
REVIEW
Beibei Chen, Lili Wang, Lin Li, Ruyuan Zhu, Haixia Liu, Chenyue Liu, Rufeng Ma, Qiangqiang Jia, Dandan Zhao, Jianzhao Niu, Min Fu, Sihua Gao, Dongwei Zhang
Background: Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) has now attracted increasing attention as an alternative medicine in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. This study aimed to provide a general review of traditional interpretation of the actions of FLL in osteoporosis, main phytochemical constituents, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology in bone improving effect, and safety. Materials and Methods: Several databases, including PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, National Science and Technology Library, China Science and Technology Journal Database, and Web of Science were consulted to locate publications pertaining to FLL...
September 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858391/pterocarpus-santalinus-l-regulated-ultraviolet-b-irradiation-induced-procollagen-reduction-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-expression-through-activation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-and-inhibition-of-the-mapk-ap-1-pathway-in-normal-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#19
Wei Gao, Pei Lin, Eunson Hwang, Yushuai Wang, Zhengfei Yan, Hien T T Ngo, Tae-Hoo Yi
Ultraviolet light-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage human skin and prematurely cause aging. A growing body of research is focusing on considering plants and plant-derived compounds as anti-photoaging therapeutic material. Pterocarpus santalinus L., as an Indian traditional medicine, possesses antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Here, we studied the anti-photoaging effects of ethanolic extract of P. santalinus L. heartwood (EPS) on ultraviolet radiation B (UVB)-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs)...
August 31, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854576/genetics-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd
#20
Margaret M DeAngelis, Leah A Owen, Margaux A Morrison, Denise J Morgan, Mingyao Li, Akbar Shakoor, Albert Vitale, Sudha Iyengar, Dwight Stambolian, Ivana K Kim, Lindsay A Farrer
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive blinding disease and represents the leading cause of visual impairment in the aging population. AMD affects central vision which impairs one's ability to drive, read and recognize faces. There is no cure for this disease and current treatment modalities for the exudative form of the disease require repeated intravitreal injections which may be painful, are incompletely efficacious, and represent a significant treatment burden for both the patient and physician...
August 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
keyword
keyword
91713
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"