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burkholderia endocarditis

Emir Yonas, Vito Damay, Raymond Pranata, Nuvi Nusarintowati
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia is a pathogen that is rarely seen in clinical cases. However, this organism is being found more commonly in hospitals. CASE PRESENTATION: A female Indonesian newborn was referred to our neonatal intensive care unit because of respiratory distress. The newborn had been delivered the previous night via cesarean section. A physical examination revealed intercostal retractions and weak cry. The newborn's gestational history was preterm, small for gestational age, and preterm premature ruptured membrane for 14 hours...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Marco Russo, Paolo Nardi, Guglielmo Saitto, Pasquale Sordillo, Dionisio F Colella, Massimo Andreoni, Antonio Pellegrino, Giovanni Ruvolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Angela Huttner, Werner C Albrich, Pierre-Yves Bochud, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Anne Rossel, Elodie von Dach, Stephan Harbarth, Laurent Kaiser
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic overuse drives antibiotic resistance. The optimal duration of antibiotic therapy for Gram-negative bacteraemia (GNB), a common community and hospital-associated infection, remains unknown and unstudied via randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This investigator-initiated, multicentre, non-inferiority, informatics-based point-of-care RCT will randomly assign adult hospitalised patients receiving microbiologically efficacious antibiotic(s) for GNB to (1) 14 days of antibiotic therapy, (2) 7 days of therapy or (3) an individualised duration determined by clinical response and 75% reduction in peak C reactive protein (CRP) values...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
Maria Khan, Farida Khurram Lalani, Aamer Ikram, Gohar Zaman, Parvez Ahmed
Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. Pseudomonas putidahas not been reported to cause infective endocarditis so far. This is the first case of infective endocarditis being reported, that is caused by Pseudomonas putidaand Burkholderia cepaciain an immunocompetent host with no predisposing factors. Aortic valve replacement surgery was carried out and antibiotics were given, to which the patient responded well and recovered.
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Muharrem Çiçek, Gülşen Hasçelik, H Kaan Müştak, K Serdar Diker, Burçin Şener
Pseudomonas luteola which was previously known as Chryseomonas luteola; is a gram-negative, non-fermentative, aerobic, motile, non-spore-forming bacillus. It is frequently found as a saprophyte in soil, water and other damp environments and is an opportunistic pathogen in patients with underlying medical disorders or with indwelling catheters. It has been reported as an uncommon cause of bacteremia, sepsis, septic arthritis, meningitis, endocarditis, and peritonitis. Thus, early and accurate identification of this rare species is important for the treatment and also to provide information about the epidemiology of P...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
Sheng Tao Yan, Li Chao Sun, Hong Bing Jia, Wen Gao, Jian Ping Yang, Guo Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate procalcitonin (PCT) diagnostic accuracy in discriminating gram-negative (GN) from gram-positive (GP) bloodstream infections and determining the relationship between PCT levels, infection sites, and pathogen types. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were collected from patients with blood culture (BC)-positive sepsis between January 2014 and December 2015. PCT levels at different infection sites were compared, as was the presence of GN and GP bloodstream infection...
April 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
André Falcão Pedrosa Costa, Frederico Castelo Branco Cavalcanti, Vitorino Modesto dos Santos
The authors describe the case of a renal transplant patient who developed late infective endocarditis associated with an intracardiac fragment of a catheter inserted 16 years before. Clinical presentation was anemia of undetermined cause and weight loss. Three blood cultures were positive for Burkholderia cepacia. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a foreign body in the right atrium and right ventricle, confirmed by computed tomography. The patient underwent intravenous antibiotic therapy, followed by cardiac surgery to remove the foreign body...
February 2014: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Deborah A Williamson, Stephen J McBride
Burkholderia cepacia complex organisms are environmental Gram-negative bacteria which rarely cause disease in otherwise immunocompetent individuals. We describe a case of tricuspid valve endocarditis secondary to B. cepacia complex in an injecting intravenous drug user in Auckland, New Zealand.
August 12, 2011: New Zealand Medical Journal
Hyun Kyun Ki, Sung Hea Kim, Seong Woo Han, Hae Suk Cheong
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. This infection is known to occur particularly in immunocompromised hosts, intravenous heroin users, and in patients with prosthetic valve replacement. Most patients with Burkholderia cepacia endocarditis usually need surgical treatment in addition to antimicrobial treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report the case of a patient who developed Burkholderia cepacia-induced native valve endocarditis with consequent cerebral involvement without any predisposing factors; she was successfully treated by antimicrobial agents only...
May 8, 2011: BMC Infectious Diseases
Huan-ling Wang, Hong-wei Fan, Li-gang Fang, Wei-guo Zhu, Heng Zhang, Zheng-yin Liu, Tai-sheng Li, Guo-hua Deng, Rui-yuan Sheng, Ai-xia Wang
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical characteristics of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). METHODS: All 25 cases of definite PVE (Duke criteria) diagnosed at our hospital between January 1992 to December 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 7 cases were pathologically confirmed and the others were clinically confirmed with either 2 major criteria or 1 major and ≥ 3 minor criteria. Their clinical characteristics, underlying heart diseases, previous heart operations, presenting manifestations, causative microbes, echocardiographic findings and prognosis, were studied...
September 2010: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
David M Livermore
Antibiotic resistance is a major public health concern, with fears expressed that we shortly will run out of antibiotics. In reality, the picture is more mixed, improving against some pathogens but worsening against others. Against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)--the highest profile pathogen--the range of treatment options is expanding, with daptomycin, linezolid and tigecycline all launched, and telavancin, ceftobiprole, ceftaroline and dalbavancin anticipated. There is a greater problem with enterococci, especially if, as in endocarditis, bactericidal activity is needed and the isolate has high-level aminoglycoside resistance; nevertheless, daptomycin, telavancin and razupenem all offer cidal potential...
September 2009: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Matthew E Falagas, Antonia C Kastoris, Drosos E Karageorgopoulos, Petros I Rafailidis
The treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR), extensively drug-resistant or pandrug-resistant non-fermenting Gram-negative bacterial infections constitutes a challenge in an era of few new antibiotic choices. This mandates the re-evaluation of already existing antibiotics such as fosfomycin. We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the clinical and microbiological effectiveness of fosfomycin in the treatment of these infections by searching PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane Library databases. In 23 microbiological studies identified, 1859 MDR non-fermenting Gram-negative bacterial isolates were examined...
August 2009: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Bo Lu, Guo-hua Deng, Huan-ling Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2005: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Neera Aggarwal, Sheetal Garg, Harshbir S Pannu, Tarlochan S Kler
A 58-year-old woman who underwent mitral valve replacement and tricuspid valve repair developed severe acute systemic illness four weeks after surgery. Serial blood cultures grew Burkholderia cepacia at four to five days after incubation. Transthoracic echocardiography had confirmed a diagnosis of prosthetic valve endocarditis. The patient did not respond to empirical or culture-sensitive antibiotic therapy of endocarditis. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) therapy was only commenced at three weeks after the start of fever because of delayed presentation...
March 2005: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
R C Spencer
Stenotrophomonas (Xanthomonas) maltophilia has recently emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen in immunocompromised cancer patients and transplant recipients. S. maltophilia has been documented as a cause of bacteraemia, infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, meningitis, serious wound infections, mastoiditis, epididymitis, conjunctivitis and endocarditis. The reservoir of S. maltophilia and the mechanisms by which it is transmitted, remain largely unknown. Risk analysis has shown that mechanically ventilated intensive care unit patients, receiving antibiotics especially carbapenems, are at increased risk of colonization/infection...
June 1995: Journal of Hospital Infection
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