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fungal endocarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544837/candida-endocarditis-a-review-of-twelve-episodes-in-eleven-patients
#1
Tatjana Lejko Zupanc, Mateja Logar
BACKGROUND: Candida spp. are a rare but important cause of infective endocarditis. The study aim was to describe pertinent clinical data on consecutive patients with Candida endocarditis treated at a tertiary referral center between 1984 and 2013. METHODS: A retrospective search of the authors' endocarditis database was performed and the medical records of patients with confirmed Candida endocarditis were reviewed. Important data relating to demographics, medical history and clinical data, as well as information on outcome and treatment, were extracted...
January 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418628/catheter-related-fungal-endocarditis-caused-by-candida-parapsilosis-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#2
Ying Shu, Shaobin Yu, Ling Zha, Ping Fu, Tianlei Cui
Fungal endocarditis (FE) is commonly regarded as a rare but fatal disease. The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is thought to be obviously higher than that in the general population. Moreover, IE occurs more likely in HD patients with catheters. With the increase of HD population and extensive use of catheters in HD patients, FE, as a special form of IE, may increase and bring new challenges to clinicians. We reported a case of FE associated with catheter infection in a 44-year-old woman on HD...
April 18, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414678/what-the-eyes-don-t-see-the-heart-does-grieve-over
#3
M Sciaudone, M Dery
INTRODUCTION: A 71 year old Peruvian woman presented with blurry vision and bilateral eye pain and had evidence of bilateral endophthalmitis on eye examination. Her past medical history was notable for multiple abdominal surgeries within the preceding months, including an incarcerated inguinal hernia repair which required an ileostomy placement, and cholecystitis requiring cholecystostomy tube placement. Over her multiple long hospitalizations, she developed bacteremia and fungemia on several occasions, with organisms including Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacteroides fragilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecium, and Candida albicans...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259839/fatal-fungal-endocarditis-by-aspergillus-udagawae-an-emerging-cause-of-invasive-aspergillosis
#4
Atsuko Seki, Atsushi Yoshida, Yoko Matsuda, Mitsuhiro Kawata, Takashi Nishimura, Jun Tanaka, Yoshiki Misawa, Yuta Nakano, Ryoko Asami, Koji Chida, Ken Kikuchi, Tomio Arai
Aspergillus udagawae has morphological similarities to Aspergillusfumigatus; however, it shows a low susceptibility to common antifungal drugs and poor in vitro sporulation. We present the first reported case of infectious endocarditis caused by A. udagawae. An awareness of this newly described Aspergillus species is vital for further clarification.
May 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250859/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-and-infectious-complications-after-solid-organ-transplantation
#5
Nastassja Muller, Romain Kessler, Sophie Caillard, Eric Epailly, Fabrice Hubelé, Céline Heimburger, Izzie-Jacques Namer, Raoul Herbrecht, Cyrille Blondet, Alessio Imperiale
PURPOSE: Infection and malignancy represent two common complications after solid organ transplantation, which are often characterized by poorly specific clinical symptomatology. Herein, we have evaluated the role of (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in this clinical setting. METHODS: Fifty-eight consecutive patients who underwent FDG PET/CT after kidney, lung or heart transplantation were included in this retrospective analysis...
March 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053851/verruconis-gallopava-cardiac-and-endovascular-infection-with-dissemination-after-renal-transplantation-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#6
Zoe Jennings, Kathy Kable, Catriona L Halliday, Brian J Nankivell, Jen Kok, Germaine Wong, Sharon C-A Chen
Verruconis gallopava is an uncommon cause of phaeohyphomycosis. We describe an unusual case of disseminated V. gallopava infection in a renal transplant recipient involving the endocardium but without endocarditis, associated with fungaemia and infection in the skin, oral cavity, brain and lung. The isolate was first detected from blood cultures which is rare. Surgical resection of cardiac fungal mass was not possible. The patient died despite resolution of fungaemia and combination antifungal therapy.
March 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007266/aortoventricular-dissociation-and-refractory-fungal-endocarditis-caused-by-a-rare-pathogen-lichtheimia-a-surgical-and-medical-management-strategy
#7
Christopher M Terrien, Niloo M Edwards
We report a rare case of prosthetic valve fungal endocarditis caused by Lichtheimia, a subspecies of the order Mucorales. The patient experienced complicated prosthetic valve endocarditis less than 2 months after uneventful coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and 2 aortic valve replacements. Ultimately surgical management required aortic root replacement and lifelong antimicrobial agents. We believe this is the first case of fungal endocarditis caused by Lichtheimia.
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001173/patient-in-chronic-hemodialysis-with-right-atrial-mass-thrombus-fungal-endocarditis-or-atrial-myxoma
#8
Talita G Salani, Cynthia de Moura Borges, Carolina S Urbini, Patrícia Schincariol, Kélcia Rosana da Silva Quadros, Maria Almerinda Ribeiro-Alves, Rodrigo Bueno de Oliveira
We present the case report of a 19-year-old patient with chronic kidney disease due to chronic glomerulonephritis, in hemodialysis (HD) by central catheter, with the incidental finding of a mass of 28x16 mm in right atrium (RA). The diagnosis of thrombus, infective endocarditis or myxoma were considered. Given the context of immunosuppression and difficult access vascular therapeutic practice has proved complex. Although Doppler echocardiography suggested thrombus in RA, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated for the diagnosis of myxoma in RA...
December 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995211/fungal-endocarditis-presenting-with-right-lumbar-pain-and-femoral-artery-ischemia-an-unusual-case-report
#9
Shahan Waheed, Muhammad Akbar Baig, Muhammad Waqas Khan, Fareed Ahmed Sheikh, Nadeem Ullah Khan
Fungal endocarditis is a rare entity which has a poor outcome. Our case reports an atypical presentation of similar pathology now presenting with femoral artery ischemia in an immune competent individual. A 62-year Asian male presented with sudden onset of right sided lumbar pain. Initial clinical exam was consistent with right sided renal colic. Intravenous analgesia did not relieve the pain. Repeat clinical examination revealed absent right femoral artery pulsation. The patient underwent a Computerized tomography angiography of right lower extremity...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932432/fungal-mobile-mass-on-echocardiogram-native-mitral-valve-aspergillus-fumigatus-endocarditis
#10
Rymon Rofaiel, Yosra Turkistani, David McCarty, Seyed M Hosseini-Moghaddam
The most common type of infective endocarditis is bacterial endocarditis. However, fungal infections have been seen more frequently, mostly in the immunocompromised population. We report a case of invasive Aspergillus fumigatus native mitral valve endocarditis. The patient received appropriate empiric antifungal treatment with a combination of liposomal amphotericin B and flucytosine, associated with surgical debridement, valve replacement and chordae tendineae repair. Despite receiving the standard treatment of Aspergillus endocarditis, and susceptibility of the microorganism to the antifungal regimen, the patient, unexpectedly, developed early-onset septic emboli...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909274/-three-mitral-valve-operations-in-a-patient-with-trousseau-syndrome-and-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-caused-by-ovarian-cancer
#11
Masahito Saito, Naoki Asano, Kazunori Ota, Kazuho Niimi, Koyu Tanaka, Shigeyoshi Gon, Hiroshi Takano
A 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute right hemi-paresis, left homonymous hemianopia, and fever. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple cerebral infarctions and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a vegetation on the posterior leaflet of her mitral valve. Mitral valve repair was performed under a diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Further multiple cerebral infarctions occurred on the 11th postoperative day, resulting in left hemiplegia and dysarthria...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737409/fungal-endocarditis
#12
Shi-Min Yuan
Fungal endocarditis is a rare and fatal condition. The Candida and Aspergillus species are the two most common etiologic fungi found responsible for fungal endocarditis. Fever and changing heart murmur are the most common clinical manifestations. Some patients may have a fever of unknown origin as the onset symptom. The diagnosis of fungal endocarditis is challenging, and diagnosis of prosthetic valve fungal endocarditis is extremely difficult. The optimum antifungal therapy still remains debatable. Treating Candida endocarditis can be difficult because the Candida species can form biofilms on native and prosthetic heart valves...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672540/endocarditis-in-left-ventricular-assist-device
#13
REVIEW
Braghadheeswar Thyagarajan, Monisha Priyadarshini Kumar, Rutuja R Sikachi, Abhinav Agrawal
Heart failure is one of the leading causes of death in developed nations. End stage heart failure often requires cardiac transplantation for survival. The left ventricular assist device (LVAD) has been one of the biggest evolvements in heart failure management often serving as bridge to transplant or destination therapy in advanced heart failure. Like any other medical device, LVAD is associated with complications with infections being reported in many patients. Endocarditis developing secondary to the placement of LVAD is not a frequent, serious and difficult to treat condition with high morbidity and mortality...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493128/fungal-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-with-mycotic-aneurysm-case-report
#14
Mariana Brandão, Jorge Almeida, Rita Ferraz, Lurdes Santos, Paulo Pinho, Jorge Casanova
Fungal prosthetic valve endocarditis is an extremely severe form of infective endocarditis, with poor prognosis and high mortality despite treatment. Candida albicans is the most common etiological agent for this rare but increasingly frequent condition. We present a case of fungal prosthetic valve endocarditis due to C. albicans following aortic and pulmonary valve replacement in a 38-year-old woman with a history of surgically corrected tetralogy of Fallot, prior infective endocarditis and acute renal failure with need for catheter-based hemodialysis...
September 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354256/fungal-native-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis-facing-both-medical-and-surgical-challenges
#15
EDITORIAL
Nadia Bouabdallaoui, Pierre Demondion, Guillaume Lebreton, Pascal Leprince
Fungal isolated native pulmonary valve endocarditis is extremely uncommon. Data are scarce and report high mortality and recurrence rates. Recommended management combines both medical and surgical approaches. We report herein a rare case of isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis caused by Candida albicans The patient did not display prior heart disease. Medical management was unsuccessful. Pulmonary valve replacement allowed rapid improvement.
January 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343524/libman-sacks-endocarditis-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#16
Kunal D Kotkar, Sameh M Said
Antiphospholipid syndrome is a systemic autoimmune syndrome with cardiac manifestations such as nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis, also known as Libman-Sacks endocarditis. A 61-year-old female with history of antiphospholipid syndrome presented in acute pulmonary edema. Echocardiography demonstrated mobile vegetations on the free margins of both the anterior and the posterior mitral valve leaflets. Blood cultures and fungal serologies were negative. During mitral valve replacement both the anterior and posterior mitral leaflets were covered with multiple small vegetations with features of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267285/fungal-endocarditis-update-on-diagnosis-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Ahmed Khurshid Pasha, Justin Z Lee, See-Wei Low, Hem Desai, Kwan S Lee, Mayar Al Mohajer
Fungal endocarditis is an extremely debilitating disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Candida spp. are the most common isolated organisms in fungal endocarditis. It is most prevalent in patients who are immunosuppressed and intravenous drug users. Most patients present with constitutional symptoms, which are indistinguishable from bacterial endocarditis, hence a high index of suspicion is required for pursuing diagnosis. Diagnosis of fungal endocarditis can be very challenging: most of the time, blood cultures are negative or take a long time to yield growth...
October 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245170/aspergillosis-of-the-heart-and-lung-and-review-of-published-reports-on-fungal-endocarditis
#18
REVIEW
Beata Sulik-Tyszka, Piotr Kacprzyk, Krzysztof Mądry, Bogna Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska, Wiesław Jędrzejczak, Marta Wróblewska
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is increasingly diagnosed in high-risk patients. The lesions are usually located in the lungs and/or sinuses, and the fungus may spread haematogenously to different organs; however, involvement of the heart during IA is very rare. We describe a unique case of invasive aspergillosis of the heart septum and the lungs in the allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipient.
August 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238181/pulmonary-mycotic-pseudo-aneurysm-with-a-prior-history-of-ventricular-septal-defect-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#19
REVIEW
Vishal Walasangikar, Amit Kumar Dey, Rajaram Sharma, Vivek Murumkar, Rohit Gadewar, Priya Hira, Kartik Mittal
In general aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries are less frequent than intracranial, aortic or other vascular locations. Infectious causes include bacteria such as Staphylococcus sp and Streptococcus sp, mycobacteria, Treponema pallidium (syphilis) and rarely fungi. We report a 7 year old female with two right-sided parahilar pseudo-aneurysm of fungal origin with a prior history of ventricular septal defect. Pulmonary mycotic pseudo-aneurysms are very rare and require a high suspicion to diagnose. If a patient is still symptomatic for fever and cough for a long time, and consolidation on x-ray is not improving on antibiotics, contrast-enhanced computed tomography is indicated...
2016: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112033/empirical-antimicrobial-therapy-for-late-onset-sepsis-in-a-neonatal-unit-with-high-prevalence-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus
#20
Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli, Lêni Márcia Anchieta, Ana Carolina Bueno E Silva, Lenize Adriana de Jesus, Viviane Rosado, Wanessa Trindade Clemente
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two different empiric treatments for late-onset neonatal sepsis, vancomycin and oxacillin, in a neonatal intensive care unit with a high prevalence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in an neonatal intensive care unit from 2011 to 2014. Data from the medical records of at-risk newborns were collected daily. Infections were defined according to the National Health Surveillance Agency criteria...
September 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
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