keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MIT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666955/charge-ordering-in-the-metal-insulator-transition-of-v-doped-cro-2-in-the-rutile-structure
#1
Sarajit Biswas
Electronic, magnetic, and structural properties of pure and V-doped CrO2 were extensively investigated utilizing density functional theory. Usually, pure CrO2 is a half-metallic ferromagnet with conductive spin majority species and insulating spin minority species. This system remains in its half-metallic ferromagnetic phase even at 50% V-substitution for Cr within the crystal. The V-substituted compound Cr0.5 V0.5 O2 encounters metal-insulator transition upon the application of on-site Coulomb repulsion U = 7 eV preserving its ferromagnetism in the insulating phase...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659724/efficient-population-scale-variant-analysis-and-prioritization-with-vapr
#2
Amanda Birmingham, Adam M Mark, Carlo Mazzaferro, Guorong Xu, Kathleen M Fisch
Summary: With the growing availability of population-scale whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing, demand for reproducible, scalable variant analysis has spread within genomic research communities. To address this need, we introduce the Python package VAPr (Variant Analysis and Prioritization). VAPr leverages existing annotation tools ANNOVAR and MyVariant.info with MongoDB-based flexible storage and filtering functionality. It offers biologists and bioinformatics generalists easy-to-use and scalable analysis and prioritization of genomic variants from large cohort studies...
April 6, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659708/phyloprofile-dynamic-visualization-and-exploration-of-multi-layered-phylogenetic-profiles
#3
Ngoc-Vinh Tran, Bastian Greshake Tzovaras, Ingo Ebersberger
Summary: Phylogenetic profiles form the basis for tracing proteins and their functions across species and through time. Novel genome sequences nowadays often represent species from the remotest corner of the tree of life. Thus, phylogenetic profiling becomes increasingly important for functionally annotating this data and to integrate it into a comprehensive view on organismal evolution. To strengthen the link between the sharing of a gene across species, and of the corresponding function, it is meanwhile common to complement phylogenetic profiles with additional information, such as domain architecture similarities between orthologs, or pairwise similarities of other protein features...
April 6, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651817/two-cases-of-chloromethylisothiazolinone-and-methylisothiazolinone-associated-toxic-lung-injury
#4
Eun Lee, Seung Kook Son, Jisun Yoon, Hyun Ju Cho, Song I Yang, Sungsu Jung, Kyung Hyun Do, Young Ah Cho, So Yeon Lee, Dong Uk Park, Soo Jong Hong
Previous animal studies have not conclusively determined the association between exposure to humidifier disinfectants (HDs) containing 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (CMIT) and/or 2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (MIT) and development of HD-associated lung injuries. Nonetheless, patients exposed to HDs containing only CMIT and/or MIT showed clinically similar lung injuries to those exposed to HDs containing polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) or oligo (2-[2-ethoxy]ethoxyethyl) guanidinium chloride (PGH)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651694/classification-of-ecg-beats-using-deep-belief-network-and-active-learning
#5
Sayantan G, Kien P T, Kadambari K V
A new semi-supervised approach based on deep learning and active learning for classification of electrocardiogram signals (ECG) is proposed. The objective of the proposed work is to model a scientific method for classification of cardiac irregularities using electrocardiogram beats. The model follows the Association for the Advancement of medical instrumentation (AAMI) standards and consists of three phases. In phase I, feature representation of ECG is learnt using Gaussian-Bernoulli deep belief network followed by a linear support vector machine (SVM) training in the consecutive phase...
April 12, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651522/synthesis-and-application-of-magnetic-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-in-sample-preparation
#6
REVIEW
Shuyao Huang, Jianqiao Xu, Jiating Zheng, Fang Zhu, Lijun Xie, Gangfeng Ouyang
Magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (MMIPs) have superior advantages in sample pretreatment because of their high selectivity for target analytes and the fast and easy isolation from samples. To meet the demand of both good magnetic property and good extraction performance, MMIPs with various structures, from traditional core-shell structures to novel composite structures with a larger specific surface area and more accessible binding sites, are fabricated by different preparation technologies. Moreover, as the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) layers determine the affinity, selectivity, and saturated adsorption amount of MMIPs, the development and innovation of the MIP layer are attracting attention and are reviewed here...
April 12, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645396/die-wirksamkeit-einer-neuen-nagelspange-f%C3%A3-r-die-behandlung-von-eingewachsenen-n%C3%A3-geln
#7
Che-Wei Liu, Yu-Chen Huang
HINTERGRUND UND ZIELE: Die Behandlung kompliziert eingewachsener Zehennägel ist eine Domäne der Chirurgie. Allerdings liegen Berichte vor, nach denen alternative Therapieformen mit Nagelspangen eine gute Wirksamkeit zeigen. Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war es, die Wirksamkeit einer neuen Nagelspange zur Behandlung eingewachsener Zehennägel zu untersuchen. PATIENTEN UND METHODEN: Wir führten eine retrospektive Studie an Patienten mit eingewachsenen Zehennägeln durch, die zwischen dem 1...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645393/vernarbende-alopezien
#8
Varvara Kanti, Joachim Röwert-Huber, Annika Vogt, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
Primär vernarbende Alopezien (PVA) werden nach der Klassifikation der North American Hair Research Society nach ihrem prominenten entzündlichen Infiltrat in vier Gruppen eingeteilt: PVA mit lymphozytärem, neutrophilem, gemischtzelligem oder unspezifischem Entzündungsmuster. Der Haarausfall kann subklinisch beginnen und langsam fortschreiten, so dass der genaue Erkrankungsbeginn oft schwer nachzuvollziehen ist. Die Diagnose wird häufig verzögert gestellt. Während die meisten vernarbenden Alopezien bei vollständiger Ausprägung anhand des klinischen Bildes klar zugeordnet werden können, ist die Diagnosestellung in der Frühphase oder im Endstadium häufig schwierig...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645385/s1-leitlinie-dermatosen-bei-dermaler-lymphostase
#9
Joachim Dissemond, Finja Jockenhöfer, Anya Miller, Günter Kurzhals, Shahrouz Noori, Stefanie Reich-Schupke, Martin Schlaeger, Erich Schubert, Markus Stücker, Tobias Weberschock, Hans Wilfried Jungkunz
Das Ziel dieser S1-Leitlinie ist es, aktuelles Wissen über dermatologisch relevante Krankheitsbilder bei lokal begrenzter dermaler Lymphostase an allen Lokalisationen des Hautorgans zu vermitteln, um diese frühzeitig zu erkennen, diagnostisch zu sichern und gezielt zu behandeln. Wann immer möglich, sollte diese Therapie anhand klar definierter Algorithmen stadiengerecht erfolgen. Die im klinischen Alltag häufig auftauchenden differenzialdiagnostischen und therapeutischen Fragen lassen eine aktuelle Leitlinie notwendig erscheinen...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645384/liquid-biopsy-zur-%C3%A3-berwachung-von-melanompatienten
#10
REVIEW
Maria Rita Gaiser, Nikolas von Bubnoff, Christoffer Gebhardt, Jochen Sven Utikal
In den letzten sechs Jahren wurden verschiedene innovative systemische Therapien zur Behandlung des metastasierten malignen Melanoms (MM) entwickelt. Die konventionelle Chemotherapie wurde durch neuartige Primärtherapien abgelöst, darunter systemische Immuntherapien (Anti-CTLA4- und Anti-PD1-Antikörper; Zulassung von Anti-PDL1-Antikörpern erwartet) und Therapien, die gegen bestimmte Mutationen gerichtet sind (BRAF, NRAS und c-KIT). Daher stehen die behandelnden Ärzte neuen Herausforderungen gegenüber, beispielsweise der Stratifizierung von Patienten für geeignete Behandlungen und der Überwachung von Langzeit-Respondern auf Progression...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645369/patientenzufriedenheit-von-1827-patienten-nach-verschiedenen-rekonstruktionsmethoden-im-gesichtsbereich-in-abh%C3%A3-ngigkeit-von-alter-defektgr%C3%A3-%C3%A3-e-und-lokalisation
#11
Saskia Maria Schnabl, Helmut Breuninger, Eleni Iordanou, Alexander Scheu, Lukas Kofler, Hans-Martin Häfner, Franziska Carola Eberle
HINTERGRUND: Nach Tumoroperationen erfolgt ein Defektverschluss mit den für den individuellen Fall optimalen chirurgischen Methoden. Besonders im Kopf-Hals--Bereich ist das Ergebnis sehr wichtig. Ziel der retrospektiven Studie war es, Rekonstruktionsmethoden von Defekten entsprechend Alter, Lokalisation und Größe nach funktionellen und ästhetischen Gesichtspunkten zu vergleichen. PATIENTEN UND METHODIK: Die betroffenen Patienten wurden mittels Fragebögen angeschrieben...
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629781/the-architecture-of-interaction-between-visual-working-memory-and-visual-attention
#12
Brett Bahle, Valerie M Beck, Andrew Hollingworth
In five experiments, we examined whether a task-irrelevant item in visual working memory (VWM) interacts with perceptual selection when VWM must also be used to maintain a template representation of a search target. This question is critical to distinguishing between competing theories specifying the architecture of interaction between VWM and attention. The single-item template hypothesis (SIT) posits that only a single item in VWM can be maintained in a state that interacts with attention. Thus, the secondary item should be inert with respect to attentional guidance...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628751/construction-and-test-results-of-coils-2-and-3-of-a-3-nested-coil-800-mhz-rebco-insert-for-the-mit-1-3-ghz-lts-hts-nmr-magnet
#13
Dongkeun Park, Juan Bascuñán, Philip C Michael, Jiho Lee, Seungyong Hahn, Yukikazu Iwasa
We present construction and test results of Coils 2 and 3 of a 3-coil 800-MHz REBCO insert (H800) for the MIT 1.3 GHz LTS/HTS NMR magnet currently under construction. Each of three H800 coils (Coils 1-3) is a stack of no-insulation REBCO double pancakes (DPs). The innermost 8.67-T Coil 1 (26 DPs) was completed in 2016; the middle 5.64-T Coil 2 (32 DPs) has been wound, assembled, and tested; and for the outermost 4.44-T Coil 3, its 38 DPs have been wound and preliminary tests were performed to characterize each DP at 77 K...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity: a Publication of the IEEE Superconductivity Committee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626295/uv-posit-web-based-tools-for-rapid-and-facile-structural-interpretation-of-ultraviolet-photodissociation-uvpd-mass-spectra
#14
Jake Rosenberg, W Ryan Parker, Michael B Cammarata, Jennifer S Brodbelt
UV-POSIT (Ultraviolet Photodissociation Online Structure Interrogation Tools) is a suite of web-based tools designed to facilitate the rapid interpretation of data from native mass spectrometry experiments making use of 193 nm ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD). The suite includes four separate utilities which assist in the calculation of fragment ion abundances as a function of backbone cleavage sites and sequence position; the localization of charge sites in intact proteins; the calculation of hydrogen elimination propensity for a-type fragment ions; and mass-offset searching of UVPD spectra to identify unknown modifications and assess false positive fragment identifications...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624832/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-in-group-mit-g-for-young-adults-with-personality-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Raffaele Popolo, Angus MacBeth, Flaviano Canfora, Daniela Rebecchi, Cecilia Toselli, Giampaolo Salvatore, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Young adults with personality disorders (PD) other than borderline are in urgent need of validated treatments to help them in managing important life transitions. Therapeutic interventions focused upon social and interpersonal difficulties may facilitate these individuals in maximizing opportunities for employment, forming stable romantic relationships, and belong to social groups. It is also important that they are offered evidence-based, first-line time-limited treatments in order to maximize effectiveness and reduce costs...
April 6, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620776/highly-infrared-sensitive-vo-2-nanowires-for-a-nano-optical-device
#16
Prabal Dev Bhuyan, Sanjeev K Gupta, Ashok Kumar, Yogesh Sonvane, P N Gajjar
Recent studies on the electronic, magnetic and optical properties of VO2 (vanadium dioxide) materials have motivated the exploration of one dimensional VO2 nanowires. First principles calculations were performed to investigate the structural, electronic, magnetic and optical properties of the monoclinic (M) and rutile (R) phases of VO2 nanowires. The monoclinic phase shows semiconducting behaviour with a band gap of 1.17 eV, whereas the rutile phase of VO2 nanowires behaves as a spin gapless semiconducting material, as band lines cross the Fermi level due only to up spin contribution...
April 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618319/nquire-a-statistical-framework-for-ploidy-estimation-using-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Clemens L Weiß, Marina Pais, Liliana M Cano, Sophien Kamoun, Hernán A Burbano
BACKGROUND: Intraspecific variation in ploidy occurs in a wide range of species including pathogenic and nonpathogenic eukaryotes such as yeasts and oomycetes. Ploidy can be inferred indirectly - without measuring DNA content - from experiments using next-generation sequencing (NGS). We present nQuire, a statistical framework that distinguishes between diploids, triploids and tetraploids using NGS. The command-line tool models the distribution of base frequencies at variable sites using a Gaussian Mixture Model, and uses maximum likelihood to select the most plausible ploidy model...
April 4, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614430/a-novel-wavelet-sequences-based-on-deep-bidirectional-lstm-network-model-for-ecg-signal-classification
#18
Özal Yildirim
Long-short term memory networks (LSTMs), which have recently emerged in sequential data analysis, are the most widely used type of recurrent neural networks (RNNs) architecture. Progress on the topic of deep learning includes successful adaptations of deep versions of these architectures. In this study, a new model for deep bidirectional LSTM network-based wavelet sequences called DBLSTM-WS was proposed for classifying electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. For this purpose, a new wavelet-based layer is implemented to generate ECG signal sequences...
March 28, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614333/pharmacological-validation-of-individual-animal-locomotion-temperature-and-behavioural-analysis-in-group-housed-rats-using-a-novel-automated-home-cage-analysis-system-a-comparison-with-the-modified-irwin-test
#19
Karen Tse, Rowland Sillito, Amy Keerie, Rachel Collier, Claire Grant, Natasha A Karp, Cathy Vickers, Kathryn Chapman, J Douglas Armstrong, William S Redfern
BACKGROUND: The ActualHCA™ system continuously monitors the activity, temperature and behaviour of group-housed rats without invasive surgery. The system was validated to detect the contrasting effects of sedative and stimulant test agents (chlorpromazine, clonidine and amphetamine), and compared with the modified Irwin test (mIT) with rectal temperature measurements. METHODS: Six male Han Wistar rats per group were used to assess each test agent and vehicle controls in separate ActualHCA™ recordings and mIT...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611705/electronic-and-magnetic-properties-of-5d-1-5d-2-and-5d-3-double-perovskites-ba-2-moso-6-m-k-ca-and-sc-ab-initio-study
#20
Min Liu, Cui-E Hu, Xiang-Rong Chen
We perform detailed investigations on the electronic and magnetic properties in double perovskites Ba2 MOsO6 (M = K, Ca, and Sc), with formal valences of Os7+ (5d1 ), Os6+ (5d2 ), and Os5+ (5d3 ), respectively, using first-principles calculations. To understand the effects of Coulomb interaction ( U), spin-orbit coupling (SOC), and magnetic order, we carry out different calculations within density functional theory. It is shown that SOC and U energy not only provide the magneto crystalline anisotropies but also significantly affect the size of the local moments and the magnetic structures in these compounds...
April 3, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
keyword
keyword
9171
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"