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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922516/broken-bones-the-radiologic-atlas-of-fractures-and-dislocations-second-edition-by-felix-s-chew-catherine-maldijan-and-hyojeong-mulcahy-cambridge-cambridge-university-press-2016-398-ix-pp-56-92-softcover
#1
Kathleen Cowling, Aron Slear
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921780/factors-associated-with-attrition-in-substance-using-patients-enrolled-in-an-intensive-outpatient-program
#2
James Mckowen, Nicholas Carrellas, Courtney Zulauf, Emin Nalan Ward, Ronna Fried, Timothy Wilens
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data suggest individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of attrition from treatment and exhibit impairments on measures of executive functioning (EF). The primary aim of this pilot study was to investigate if EF is associated with attrition from a 1 month intensive outpatient program (IOP) for SUD, and examine the feasibility of implementing the project. METHODS: Baseline neurocognitive functioning was assessed by the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) and the self-reported Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning (BRIEF-A) questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921043/slow-wave-activity-and-executive-dysfunction-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#3
Jessica A Christiansz, Chloe R Lappin, Aidan J Weichard, Gillian M Nixon, Margot J Davey, Rosemary S C Horne, Sarah N Biggs
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine slow wave activity (SWA), a marker of homeostatic regulation, as a potential mechanism linking sleep disordered breathing (SDB) with executive dysfunction in children. METHODS: Executive function domains of working memory, spatial planning, information processing, and sustained attention were assessed using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) in children (N = 40; 5-12 years) referred for clinical diagnosis of SDB...
September 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918863/more-haste-less-speed-a-meta-analysis-of-thinking-latencies-during-planning-in-people-with-psychosis
#4
REVIEW
Andrew J Watson, Eileen M Joyce, Andrew J B Fugard, Verity C Leeson, Thomas R E Barnes, Vyv Huddy
Cognitive impairment is a core feature of psychosis, with slowed processing speed thought to be a prominent impairment in schizophrenia and first-episode psychosis. However, findings from the Stockings of Cambridge (SOC) planning task suggest changes in processing speed associated with the illness may include faster responses in early stages of planning, though findings are inconsistent. This review uses meta-analytic methods to assess thinking times in psychosis across the available literature. Studies were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar...
September 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918267/compulsivity-in-opioid-dependence
#5
Serenella Tolomeo, Keith Matthews, J Douglas Steele, Alex Baldacchino
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between compulsivity versus impulsivity and structural MRI abnormalities in opioid dependence. METHOD: We recruited 146 participants: i) patients with a history of opioid dependence due to chronic heroin use (n=24), ii) heroin users stabilised on methadone maintenance treatment (n=48), iii) abstinent participants with a history of opioid dependence due to heroin use (n=24) and iv) healthy controls (n=50)...
September 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918191/development-and-validation-of-a-chronic-pancreatitis-prognosis-score-in-2-independent-cohorts
#6
Georg Beyer, Ujjwal M Mahajan, Christoph Budde, Thomas J Bulla, Thomas Kohlmann, Louise Kuhlmann, Kerstin Schütte, Ali A Aghdassi, Eckhard Weber, Ulrich Weiss, Asbjørn M Drewes, Søren S Olesen, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The clinical course of chronic pancreatitis is unpredictable. There is no model to assess disease severity or progression or predict patient outcomes. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 91 patients with chronic pancreatitis; data were collected from patients seen at academic centers in Europe, from January 2011 through April 2014. We analyzed correlations between clinical, laboratory, and imaging data with number of hospital readmissions and in-hospital days over the next 12 months; the parameters with the highest degree of correlation were to develop 3-stage chronic pancreatitis prognosis score (COPPS)...
September 14, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906173/diagnosing-prosopagnosia-in-east-asian-individuals-norms-for-the-cambridge-face-memory-test-chinese
#7
Elinor McKone, Lulu Wan, Rachel Robbins, Kate Crookes, Jia Liu
The Cambridge Face Memory Test (CFMT) is widely accepted as providing a valid and reliable tool in diagnosing prosopagnosia (inability to recognize people's faces). Previously, large-sample norms have been available only for Caucasian-face versions, suitable for diagnosis in Caucasian observers. These are invalid for observers of different races due to potentially severe other-race effects. Here, we provide large-sample norms (N = 306) for East Asian observers on an Asian-face version (CFMT-Chinese). We also demonstrate methodological suitability of the CFMT-Chinese for prosopagnosia diagnosis (high internal reliability, approximately normal distribution, norm-score range sufficiently far above chance)...
September 14, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906133/an-online-calculator-to-estimate-the-impact-of-changes-in-breastfeeding-rates-on-population-health-and-costs
#8
Alison M Stuebe, Briana J Jegier, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Brittany D Green, Arnold G Reinhold, Tarah T Colaizy, Debra L Bogen, Andrew J Schaefer, Jamus T Jegier, Noah S Green, Melissa C Bartick
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the impact of changes in breastfeeding rates on population health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a Monte Carlo simulation model to estimate the population-level changes in disease burden associated with marginal changes in rates of any breastfeeding at each month from birth to 12 months of life, and in rates of exclusive breastfeeding from birth to 6 months of life. We used these marginal estimates to construct an interactive online calculator (available at www...
September 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901876/tracey-loughran-shell-shock-and-medical-culture-in-first-world-war-britain-new-york-and-london-cambridge-university-press-2017-pp-%C3%A2-279-%C3%A2-75-hardback-isbn-978-1-107-12890-3
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899189/book-review-insanity-and-sanctity-in-byzantium-the-ambiguity-of-religious-experience-insanity-and-sanctity-in-byzantium-the-ambiguity-of-religious-experience-by-rotman-youval-cambridge-harvard-university-press-2016-xii-256-pp-39-95-hardcover
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898959/cognitive-training-using-a-novel-memory-game-on-an-ipad-in-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-amci
#11
George Savulich, Thomas Piercy, Chris Fox, John Suckling, James B Rowe, John T O'Brien, Barbara J Sahakian
Background: Cognitive training is effective in patients with mild cognitive impairment but does not typically address the motivational deficits associated with older populations with memory difficulties. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of cognitive training using a novel memory game on an iPad in 42 patients with a diagnosis of amnestic mild cognitive impairment assigned to either the cognitive training (n=21; 8 hours of gameplay over 4 weeks) or control (n=21; clinic visits as usual) groups...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895460/comparison-of-neuropsychological-functioning-between-adults-with-early-and-late-onset-dsm-5-adhd
#12
Yu-Ju Lin, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the visually dependent neuropsychological functioning among adults with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) ADHD who recalled symptom onset by and after age 7 and non-ADHD controls. METHOD: We divided the participants, aged 17 to 40 years, into three groups-(a) ADHD, onset <7 years (early-onset, n = 142); (b) ADHD, onset between 7 and <12 years (late-onset, n = 41); (c) non-ADHD controls ( n = 148)-and compared their neuropsychological functioning, measured by the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895109/john-c-moskop-ethics-and-health-care-an-introduction-cambridge-university-press-2016-376%C3%A2-pp-isbn-978-1-107-60175-8
#13
Marie Challita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892623/use-of-crystal-structure-informatics-for-defining-the-conformational-space-needed-for-predicting-crystal-structures-of-pharmaceutical-molecules
#14
Luca Iuzzolino, Anthony Martin Reilly, Patrick McCabe, Sarah L Price
Determining the range of conformations that a flexible pharmaceutical-like molecule could plausibly adopt in a crystal structure is a key to successful crystal structure prediction (CSP) studies. We aim to use conformational information from the crystal structures in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) to facilitate this task. The conformations produced by the CSD Conformer Generator are reduced in number by considering the underlying rotamer distributions, an analysis of changes in molecular shape, and a minimal number of molecular ab initio calculations...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886499/increased-reward-oriented-impulsivity-in-older-bipolar-patients-a-preliminary-study
#15
Isabelle E Bauer, Breno Satler Diniz, Thomas D Meyer, Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Marsal Sanches, Danielle Spiker, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: Impulsivity is a well-established trait of bipolar disorder (BD) that persists across mood phases. It is, however, still unknown whether, in BD, impulsivity remains stable or varies in intensity over the lifespan. This cross-sectional study compared impulsive behavior in older euthymic BD patients and healthy individuals using a range of self-rating and behavioral measures of impulsivity. METHODS: 28 BD patients (56.07 ± 4.08 years, 16 women) and 15 healthy controls (HC; 55...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884649/the-myth-of-the-moral-brain-the-limits-of-moral-enhancement-harris-wiseman-the-myth-of-the-moral-brain-the-limits-of-moral-enhancement-cambridge-ma-mit-press-2016-340-pages-isbn-9780262033923-hardcover-38-00
#16
Paula Boddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881151/jean-marian-purdy-remembered-the-hidden-life-of-an-ivf-pioneer
#17
Roger Gosden
Jean Purdy is almost forgotten as one of the British trio that introduced clinical IVF to the world. An unlikely pioneer, she qualified as a nurse but through indefatigable effort and unstinting loyalty to a programme that faced vitriolic opposition she became the clinical embryologist for the first IVF baby. In 1980, she helped to launch fertility services as the 'Technical Director' of Bourn Hall Clinic, near Cambridge. Although Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe generously credited her role in research and clinical care, a premature death in 1985 at age 39 robbed her of the reward of witnessing the blossoming of assisted reproductive technologies for patients around the world...
September 7, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877385/is-the-r3si-moiety-in-metal-silyl-complexes-a-z-ligand-an-answer-from-the-interaction-energy
#18
Dang Ho Binh, Milan Milovanovic, Julia Puertes-Mico, Mustapha Hamdaoui, Snezana Desimir Zaric, Jean-Pierre Djukic
The computation of metal-silyl interaction energies indicates the existence of situations where the silyl group behaves as a Z-type ligand according to Green's covalent bond classification method. It is shown that a scale of relative intrinsic silylicity Π, defined as the ratio of the intrinsic silyl-to-triflate interaction energy of a silyltriflate taken as reference compound and that of the silyl-to-metal interaction of given complex, can reveal in a straightforward manner the propensity of SiR₃ groups to behave chemically as metal-bound "silyliums" [SiR₃]+...
September 6, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872661/the-kent-face-matching-test
#19
Matthew C Fysh, Markus Bindemann
This study presents the Kent Face Matching Test (KFMT), which comprises 200 same-identity and 20 different-identity pairs of unfamiliar faces. Each face pair consists of a photograph from a student ID card and a high-quality portrait that was taken at least three months later. The test is designed to complement existing resources for face-matching research, by providing a more ecologically valid stimulus set that captures the natural variability that can arise in a person's appearance over time. Two experiments are presented to demonstrate that the KFMT provides a challenging measure of face matching but correlates with established tests...
September 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869855/reactivity-of-12-tungstophosphoric-acid-and-its-inhibitor-potency-toward-na-k-atpase-a-combined-31-p-nmr-study-ab-initio-calculations-and-crystallographic-analysis
#20
Nada Bošnjaković-Pavlović, Danica Bajuk-Bogdanović, Joanna Zakrzewska, Zeyin Yan, Ivanka Holclajtner-Antunović, Jean-Michel Gillet, Anne Spasojević-de Biré
Influence of 12-tungstophosphoric acid (WPA) on conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in the presence of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase was monitored by (31)P NMR spectroscopy. It was shown that WPA exhibits inhibitory effect on Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity. In order to study WPA reactivity and intermolecular interactions between WPA oxygen atoms and different proton donor types (D=O, N, C), we have considered data for WPA based compounds from the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD), the Crystallographic Open Database (COD) and the Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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