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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925532/john-adams-an-outstanding-career
#1
David Lewin
A distinguished nurse, teacher, researcher and historian, John Adams was educated at Aylesbury Grammar School and graduated from Selwyn College, Cambridge, with a degree in theological and religious studies.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920923/mer-tri-chlorido-tris-tetra-hydro-thio-phene-%C3%AE%C2%BAs-iridium-iii-preparation-and-comparison-with-other-mer-tri-chlorido-tris-tetra-hydro-thio-phene-%C3%AE%C2%BAs-metal-complexes
#2
Loren C Brown, Christine M DuChane, Joseph S Merola
The title complex, [IrCl3(C4H8S)3], was prepared according to a literature method. A suitable crystal was obtained by diffusion of pentane into a di-chloro-methane solution and analyzed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at 100 K. The title complex is isotypic with mer-tri-chlorido-tris-(tetra-hydro-thio-phene-κS)rhodium(III). However, the orientation of the tetra-hydro-thio-phene rings is different from an earlier report of mer-tri-chlorido-tris-(tetra-hydro-thio-phene-κS)iridium(III) deposited in the Cambridge Structural Database...
September 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917611/high-mass-and-spatial-resolution-mass-spectrometry-imaging-of-nicolas-poussin-painting-cross-section-by-cluster-tof-sims
#3
M Noun, E Van Elslande, D Touboul, H Glanville, S Bucklow, P Walter, A Brunelle
The painting Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well, which hangs in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK, is possibly one of the last figure painting executed by Nicolas Poussin at the very end of his life and is usually dated to the early 1660s. In this perspective special feature, Philippe Walter, Alain Brunelle and colleagues give new insights on the artist's working methods by a careful stateof-the-art imaging ToF-SIMS study of one sample taken on the edge of the painting. This approach allowed for the identification of the pigments used in the painting, their nature and components and those of the ground and preparatory layers, with the identification of the binder(s) and possible other additions of organic materials such as glue...
December 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915285/depth-dependent-influence-of-different-land-use-systems-on-bacterial-biogeography
#4
Brent J Seuradge, Maren Oelbermann, Josh D Neufeld
Despite progress in understanding microbial biogeography of surface soils, few studies have investigated depth-dependent distributions of terrestrial microorganisms in subsoils. We leveraged high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes obtained from soils collected from the RARE: Charitable Research Reserve (Cambridge, Ontario, Canada) to assess the influence of depth on bacterial communities across various land-use types. Although bacterial communities were strongly influenced by depth across all sites, the magnitude of this influence was variable and demonstrated that land-use attributes also played a significant role in shaping soil bacterial communities...
December 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913712/money-now-money-later-linking-time-discounting-and-criminal-convictions-in-the-cambridge-study-in-delinquent-development
#5
Alex R Piquero, David P Farrington, Wesley G Jennings
Two prominent criminological theories offer time discounting, or the preference for an immediate reward over a later one, as a central part of understanding involvement in criminal activity. Yet, there exist only a few studies investigating this issue, and they are limited in a few respects. The current study extends prior work in this area by using multiple measures of time discounting collected at three different periods of the life course to examine the link to criminal offending into late middle adulthood in the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908385/the-mutagenic-assessment-of-an-electronic-cigarette-and-reference-cigarette-smoke-using-the-ames-assay-in-strains-ta98-and-ta100
#6
D Thorne, I Crooks, M Hollings, A Seymour, C Meredith, M Gaca
Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 were used to assess the mutagenic potential of the aerosol from a commercially available, rechargeable, closed system electronic-cigarette. Results obtained were compared to those for the mainstream smoke from a Kentucky reference (3R4F) cigarette. Two different test matrices were assessed. Aerosol generated from the e-cigarette was trapped on a Cambridge filter pad, eluted in DMSO and compared to cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM), which was generated in the same manner for mutagenicity assessment in the Salmonella assay...
December 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906511/finding-a-new-crystalline-sponge-from-a-crystallographic-database
#7
Yasuhide Inokuma, Kazuki Matsumura, Shota Yoshioka, Makoto Fujita
Empirical searching conditions were adopted to identify suitable candidates from the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) for crystalline sponge hosts for X-ray crystallographic analysis of incoming guest compounds. After optimization of the solvent and soaking conditions, one of the candidates was used as a crystalline sponge for the structure determination of an aromatic guest.
December 1, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904444/anatomic-variations-of-the-pancreatic-duct-and-their-relevance-with-the-cambridge-classification-system-mrcp-findings-of-1158-consecutive-patients
#8
Zehra Hilal Adibelli, Mustafa Adatepe, Cetin Imamoglu, Ozgur Sipahi Esen, Nazif Erkan, Mehmet Yildirim
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the frequencies of the anatomic variations and the gender distributions of these variations of the pancreatic duct and their relevance with the Cambridge classification system as morphological sign of chronic pancreatitis using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1312 consecutive patients who referred to our department for MRCP between January 2013 and August 2015...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902130/cytosponge-test-could-be-an-alternative-to-endoscopy
#9
(no author information available yet)
A 'sponge on a string' pill test can identify people with Barrett's oesophagus who are at low risk of developing oesophageal cancer, say University of Cambridge researchers.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899165/cognitive-dysfunction-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-new-implications-for-nosological-systems-and-neurobiological-models
#10
Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Samuel R Chamberlain, Naomi A Fineberg, Keith R Laws
: Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterized by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, and which has been newly classified within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders grouping. Until now, little research has been conducted into the cognitive profile of this disorder. METHODS: Participants with BDD (n=12) and participants without BDD (n=16) were tested using a computerized neurocognitive battery investigating attentional set-shifting (Intra/Extra Dimensional Set Shift Task), decision-making (Cambridge Gamble Task), motor response-inhibition (Stop-Signal Reaction Time Task), and affective processing (Affective Go-No Go Task)...
November 30, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893239/face-blind-for-other-race-faces-individual-differences-in-other-race-recognition-impairments
#11
Lulu Wan, Kate Crookes, Amy Dawel, Madeleine Pidcock, Ashleigh Hall, Elinor McKone
We report the existence of a previously undescribed group of people, namely individuals who are so poor at recognition of other-race faces that they meet criteria for clinical-level impairment (i.e., they are "face-blind" for other-race faces). Testing 550 participants, and using the well-validated Cambridge Face Memory Test for diagnosing face blindness, results show the rate of other-race face blindness to be nontrivial, specifically 8.1% of Caucasians and Asians raised in majority own-race countries. Results also show risk factors for other-race face blindness to include: a lack of interracial contact; and being at the lower end of the normal range of general face recognition ability (i...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890777/psychological-wellbeing-in-survivors-of-cardiac-arrest-and-its-relationship-to-neurocognitive-function
#12
Siân E Davies, Megan Rhys, Sarah E Voss, Rosemary Greenwood, Matthew Thomas, Jonathan R Benger
OBJECTIVE: To characterise psychological wellbeing in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), and examine its relationship to cognitive function. PATIENTS: Forty-one highly functioning cardiac arrest survivors were drawn from the follow-up cohort of a randomised controlled trial of initial airway management in OHCA (ISRCTN:18528625). DESIGN: Psychological wellbeing was assessed with a self-report questionnaire (the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale; DASS) and cognitive function was examined using the Delayed Matching to Samples (DMS) test from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)...
November 24, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887643/distribution-of-fdg-avid-nodes-in-esophageal-cancer-implications-for-radiotherapy-target-delineation
#13
Brandon Garcia, Karyn A Goodman, Lajhem Cambridge, Mark Dunphy, Abraham J Wu
PURPOSE: Clinical target volumes (CTV) for radiotherapy (RT) in esophageal cancer (EC) are based on standard expansions of primary tumor volume. Data is needed to define regions at highest risk for occult disease, based on histology and location of the primary tumor. We therefore reviewed PET scans in EC patients to characterize the location of FDG-avid lymph node metastases (LNM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 473 EC patients with reviewable pre-treatment PET-CT scans...
November 25, 2016: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887622/learning-to-care-medical-students-reported-value-and-evaluation-of-palliative-care-teaching-involving-meeting-patients-and-reflective-writing
#14
EDITORIAL
Erica Borgstrom, Rachel Morris, Diana Wood, Simon Cohn, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been an increase in teaching of both palliative care and reflective practice in UK medical schools. The palliative care teaching at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine is multi-faceted and involves students writing reflective essays after individually meeting patients approaching the end of life during their final year general practice and hospital medicine placements. This paper draws on two studies examining this teaching element to analyse what the students found valuable about it and to comment on the practice of meeting patients and subsequent reflective writing...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884914/red-eyes-in-children-red-flags-and-a-case-to-learn-from
#15
Paul G Rainsbury, Kate Cambridge, Stephen Selby, Jonathan Lochhead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884576/extracorporeal-life-support-for-refractory-cardiac-arrest-from-accidental-hypothermia-a-10-year-experience-in-edinburgh
#16
Maziar Khorsandi, Scott Dougherty, Neil Young, Dean Kerslake, Vincenzo Giordano, Robert Lendrum, William Walker, Vipin Zamvar, Ivan Yim, Renzo Pessotto
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia is a rare phenomenon with a significant mortality rate if untreated. The consensus is that these patients should be rewarmed with extracorporeal life support (ECLS) with the potential for excellent survival and neurologic outcomes. However, given the lack of robust data and clinical trials, the optimal management of such patients remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: In this single-center study, we looked at the outcomes of all adult patients undergoing salvage ECLS for cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia over a 10-year period from June 2006 to June 2016...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879954/comparison-of-terminal-extubation-and-terminal-weaning-as-mechanical-ventilation-withdrawal-in-icu-patients
#17
Damien Thellier, Pierre Y Delannoy, Olivier Robineau, Agnès Meybeck, Nicolas Boussekey, Arnaud Chiche, Olivier Leroy, Hugues Georges
BACKGROUND: Terminal extubation (TE) is applied in some intensive care unit (ICU) patients when a decision of withdrawal of mechanical ventilation is decided. Other units prefer terminal weaning (TW) with no removal of the endotracheal tube. We report our experience with these two procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study analyzing patients deceased in our ICU after a decision of life sustained therapy (LST) during the year 2013. TE was proposed to family members for patients presenting with two medical conditions: lack of vasoactive drugs (VAD) and SaO2 > 95% with a FIO2 < 50%...
November 23, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#18
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877044/increased-mir-132-level-is-associated-with-visual-memory-dysfunction-in-patients-with-depression
#19
Ye Liu, Xiao Yang, Liansheng Zhao, Jian Zhang, Tao Li, Xiaohong Ma
BACKGROUND: Impaired visual memory seems to be a core feature of depression, while increased microRNA-132 (miR-132) levels have been widely reported in depression patients. The authors aimed to explore the relationship between miR-132 changes and visual memory deficits in unmedicated patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 62 medication-free MDD patients and 73 matched healthy controls (HCs) were tested for miR-132 expression level in peripheral blood using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875250/quantitative-stem-cell-biology-the-threat-and-the-glory
#20
REVIEW
Steven M Pollard
Major technological innovations over the past decade have transformed our ability to extract quantitative data from biological systems at an unprecedented scale and resolution. These quantitative methods and associated large datasets should lead to an exciting new phase of discovery across many areas of biology. However, there is a clear threat: will we drown in these rivers of data? On 18th July 2016, stem cell biologists gathered in Cambridge for the 5th annual Cambridge Stem Cell Symposium to discuss 'Quantitative stem cell biology: from molecules to models'...
November 15, 2016: Development
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