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Caregiver Distress

Sarah E Martin, Richard T Liu, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Shayna M Cheek, Anthony Spirito, John R Boekamp
Despite increased awareness of the prevalence and seriousness of mental health problems in early childhood, there have been few empirical studies of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in this age group. This study examined suicidal thoughts and behaviors in 360 preschool-aged children (ages 3 to 7 years) presenting to a psychiatric day treatment program. A semi-structured diagnostic interview (conducted with primary caregivers) was used to assess for child suicidal thoughts and behaviors and psychiatric disorders...
September 25, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Mark E Kunik, A Lynn Snow, Nancy Wilson, Amber B Amspoker, Shubhada Sansgiry, Robert O Morgan, Jun Ying, Gayle Hersch, Melinda A Stanley
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of Preventing Aggression in Veterans with Dementia (PAVeD) with that of usual care in decreasing incidence of aggression (primary outcome) and pain and improving depression, pleasant events, caregiver burden, and patient-caregiver relationship quality (secondary outcomes). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months SETTING: Houston, TX. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 203 community-dwelling veterans with pain and dementia and their caregivers...
April 27, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jong S Kim
Post-stroke mood and emotional disturbances are frequent and diverse in their manifestations. Out of the many post-stroke disturbances, post-stroke depression, post-stroke anxiety, post-stroke emotional incontinence, post-stroke anger proneness, and post-stroke fatigue are frequent and important symptoms. These symptoms are distressing for both the patients and their caregivers, and negatively influence the patient's quality of life. Unfortunately, these emotional disturbances are not apparent and are therefore often unnoticed by busy clinicians...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke
Fleur Harrison, Liesbeth Aerts, Henry Brodaty
Increasing recognition that apathy is one of the most prevalent behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and causes substantial caregiver distress has led to trials evaluating psychosocial and pharmacological treatments of apathy in dementia. We evaluated evidence of the efficacy of pharmacotherapies for apathy in dementia from studies since 2013. Previously reported benefits of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and memantine were not replicated in recent studies. Antidepressants had mixed results with positive effects for apathy shown only for agomelatine, while stimulants, analgesics, and oxytocin study results were inconclusive...
November 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
David Li, Holly G Prigerson, Josephine Kang, Paul K Maciejewski
CONTEXT: Radiation therapy (RT) is used with palliative intent in patients with advanced stage cancer. Prior studies, primarily in patients with poor performance status (PS), suggest that RT is associated with aggressive medical care, which may impact patients' quality of life near death (QoD) adversely. OBJECTIVE: This study examines associations between RT use and patients' receipt of aggressive care and QoD based on patients' PS. METHODS: Multi-institutional, prospective cohort study of patients with end-stage cancers (N=312) and identified as terminally ill at study enrollment...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Zsófia Majláth, Izabella Obál, László Vécsei
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with prominent motor and non-motor symptoms. Psychosis develops in over 40% of PD patients and it is one of the most distressing symptoms for patients and caregivers alike. Until recently, atypical antipsychotics, clozapine and quetiapine were used to treat psychotic symptoms, but treatment was associated with substantial concerns for side-effects of clozapine and unfounded efficacy for quetiapine. Extensive research has shown that the antipsychotic effect of these drugs could be attributed to serotonin 2a receptor (5 HT2a) triggered mechanisms...
October 6, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Emilie Wawrziczny, Guillaume Berna, Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Florence Pasquier, Pascal Antoine
BACKGROUND: The progressive mobilization of spouse caregivers who take care of a person with dementia (PWD) can lead to situations of distress. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the influence of the characteristics of the caregiving context on spousal caregiver distress. METHODS: 125 spousal caregivers participated in this study. The characteristics of the caregiving context were assessed using questionnaires. We examined a moderated-mediator model (Step 1) in which we hypothesized that PWD and caregiver characteristics and dyadic determinants contribute to spousal caregiver distress...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Gil Goldzweig, Lea Baider, Elisabeth Andritsch, Yakir Rottenberg
AIM: Assess relationships between oldest-old (minimum 86 years) patients' perceived social support to their own and their spousal caregivers' hope through application of the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM). PATIENTS & METHODS: 58 dyads of patients and their spousal caregivers completed standardized self-report measures of depression, distress, hope and social support. RESULTS: Patients presented high distress levels. Among patients and spouses, perceived social support was positively correlated to their own level of hope (β = 0...
October 7, 2016: Future Oncology
Carl R May, Amanda Cummings, Michelle Myall, Jonathan Harvey, Catherine Pope, Peter Griffiths, Paul Roderick, Mick Arber, Kasey Boehmer, Frances S Mair, Alison Richardson
OBJECTIVES: To summarise and synthesise published qualitative studies to characterise factors that shape patient and caregiver experiences of chronic heart failure (CHF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Meta-review of qualitative systematic reviews and metasyntheses. Papers analysed using content analysis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Scopus and Web of Science were searched from January 2000 to April 2015...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
Carla A Mazefsky, Taylor N Day, Matthew Siegel, Susan W White, Lan Yu, Paul A Pilkonis
The lack of sensitive measures suitable for use across the range of functioning in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a barrier to treatment development and monitoring. The Emotion Dysregulation Inventory (EDI) is a caregiver-report questionnaire designed to capture emotional distress and problems with emotion regulation in both minimally verbal and verbal individuals. The first two phases of the EDI's development are described, including: (1) utilizing methods from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) project to develop the item pool and response options; and (2) assessment of the EDI in psychiatric inpatients with ASD...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Denise Harrison, Jodi Wilding, Amanda Bowman, Ann Fuller, Stuart G Nicholls, Catherine M Pound, Jessica Reszel, Margaret Sampson
BACKGROUND: Infant vaccinations are necessary for public health, but are painful, causing distress to the infant and caregivers. Breastfeeding and sucrose effectively reduce infants' pain during vaccinations, and these strategies are recommended in health care provider (HCP)-targeted education and vaccination pain guidelines. However studies show these strategies are infrequently used. YouTube is a popular medium to publicly share and watch videos, and many consumer posted YouTube videos show distressed infants being vaccinated with no pain treatment...
2016: PloS One
Anil Gungor, Lindsey Pennington, Senthil Sankararaman, Samer Zaid-Kaylani, Majed Aldin Jeroudi
Nasal type extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare lymphoma in the USA and Europe but endemic in East Asia and in areas of South and Central America. Clinically natural killer cell lymphomas are divided into three categories; nasal, non-nasal and aggressive lymphoma/leukemia subtypes. ENKTL, nasal type occurs in the nose and can extend to the upper aero-digestive tract as reported in this longitudinal case study. This is a longitudinal report of progress of a 14-year-old boy with ENKTL originating in the nasal cavity with subsequent extension and recurrence in the contralateral nose, nasopharynx, larynx and trachea presenting with varying degrees of respiratory problems and eventually, respiratory distress...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Gilbert G G Donders, Jack D Sobel
Although being an utterly frequent, non-mortal, yet distressing disease, and despite good knowledge of the pathogenesis and the availability of specific and safe treatment, vulvovaginal Candida (VVC) infection remains one of the most enigmatic problems for both physicians and patients. Good treatment requires a proper diagnosis. Too many caregivers (and patients treating themselves) react too simple-minded on the symptoms of VVC and treat VVC where they see it on the vulva. In this opinion paper, we plea for a thorough examination of women with VVC, especially in those women who suffer from recurrent disease since a long time, sometimes decades, which necessitates intensive examination of the vaginal flora, as this is invariably the reservoir for relapses and recurrent vulvitis...
September 30, 2016: Mycoses
Ann C Long, Erin K Kross, J Randall Curtis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Family-centered outcomes during and after critical illness assess issues that are most important to family members. An understanding of family-centered outcomes is necessary to support the provision of family-centered care and to foster development of interventions to improve care and communication in the ICU. RECENT FINDINGS: Current family-centered outcomes in critical care include satisfaction with care, including end-of-life care, symptoms of psychological distress, and health-related quality of life...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Amir Shanan, Brenda Stevens, Gail Bishop, Kathleen Cooney, Shea Cox, Robin Downing, Kathy Mitchener, Nancy Soares, Tammy Wynn
End-of-life (EOL) care and decisionmaking embody the critical final stage in a pet's life and are as important and meaningful as the sum of the clinical care provided for all prior life stages. EOL care should focus on maximizing patient comfort and minimizing suffering while providing a collaborative and supportive partnership with the caregiver client. Timely, empathetic, and nonjudgmental communication is the hallmark of effective client support. Veterinarians should not allow an EOL patient to succumb to a natural death without considering the option of euthanasia and ensuring that other measures to alleviate discomfort and distress are in place...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Geraldine Macdonald, Nuala Livingstone, Jennifer Hanratty, Claire McCartan, Richard Cotmore, Maria Cary, Danya Glaser, Sarah Byford, Nicky J Welton, Tania Bosqui, Lucy Bowes, Suzanne Audrey, Gill Mezey, Helen L Fisher, Wendy Riches, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a substantial social problem that affects large numbers of children and young people in the UK, resulting in a range of significant short- and long-term psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise evidence of the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of interventions addressing the adverse consequences of child maltreatment. STUDY DESIGN: For effectiveness, we included any controlled study...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Media Esser
Diaper dermatitis is a major issue among hospitalized infants, leading to increased medical costs, pain, risk for infection, and distress among patients and caregivers. An evidence-based algorithm for prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis was developed and introduced in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Two cases are discussed as examples of severe diaper dermatitis. The first case demonstrates the final case of severe diaper dermatitis since the introduction of the algorithm. The second case demonstrates a less severe, but equally frustrating, case of diaper dermatitis that occurred after the practice of using the algorithm was established...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Min Hee Kim, Ruth E Dunkle, Amanda J Lehning, Huei-Wern Shen, Sheila Feld, Angela K Perone
Framed by Pearlin's Stress Process Model, this study prospectively examines the effects of primary stress factors reflecting the duration, amount, and type of care on the depressive symptoms of spousal caregivers over a 2-year period, and whether the effects of stressors differ between husbands and wives. Data are from the 2004 and 2006 waves of the Health and Retirement Study and we included community-dwelling respondents providing activities of daily life (ADL) and/or instrumental activities of daily life (IADL) help to their spouses/partners (N = 774)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Fengyan Tang, Ling Xu, Iris Chi, XinQi Dong
The rapid increase in grandparents caring for grandchildren has received growing attention, but little research has focused on Chinese-American grandparents and their caregiving experiences. Drawing on cross-sectional data from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly-a community-engaged, epidemiological study of Chinese-American adults aged 60 and older, the relationships between caregiving experiences and psychological well-being were examined. Of 2,365 older adults who answered the question about grandparent caregiving, 818 (35%) were designated as caregivers, spending an average of 12 hours a week on childcare...
September 19, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Katrina R Ellis, Mary R Janevic, Trace Kershaw, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Nancy K Janz, Laurel Northouse
PURPOSE: Physical and psychological symptoms experienced by patients with advanced cancer influence their well-being; how patient and family caregiver symptom distress influence each other's well-being is less understood. This study examined the influence of patient and caregiver symptom distress on their threat appraisals and self-efficacy to cope with cancer. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of baseline data from an RCT that enrolled patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers (N = 484 dyads)...
September 8, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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