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IGF-1 AND Ang 2

Arne Hinrichs, Barbara Kessler, Mayuko Kurome, Andreas Blutke, Elisabeth Kemter, Maren Bernau, Armin M Scholz, Birgit Rathkolb, Simone Renner, Sebastian Bultmann, Heinrich Leonhardt, Martin Hrabĕ de Angelis, Hiroshi Nagashima, Andreas Hoeflich, Werner F Blum, Martin Bidlingmaier, Rüdiger Wanke, Maik Dahlhoff, Eckhard Wolf
OBJECTIVE: Laron syndrome (LS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder in humans caused by loss-of-function mutations of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene. To establish a large animal model for LS, pigs with GHR knockout (KO) mutations were generated and characterized. METHODS: CRISPR/Cas9 technology was applied to mutate exon 3 of the GHR gene in porcine zygotes. Two heterozygous founder sows with a 1-bp or 7-bp insertion in GHR exon 3 were obtained, and their heterozygous F1 offspring were intercrossed to produce GHR-KO, heterozygous GHR mutant, and wild-type pigs...
May 2018: Molecular Metabolism
Ya-Fang Chen, Nien-Hung Lee, Pei-Ying Pai, Li-Chin Chung, Chia-Yao Shen, Peramaiyan Rajendran, Yu-Feng Chen, Ray-Jade Chen, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Cardiomyopathy involves changes in myocardial ultrastructure and cardiac hypertrophy. Angiotensin II (AngII) has previously been shown to stimulate the expression of IGF-2 and IGF-2R in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts and increase of blood pressure, and cardiac hypertrophy. Estrogen receptors (ERs) exert protective effects, such as anti-hypertrophy in cadiomyocytes. Tanshinone IIA (TSN), a main active ingredient from a Chinese medical herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen), was shown to protect cardiomyocytes hypertrophy by different stress signals...
October 2017: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Chih-Yang Huang, Pei-Ying Pai, Chia-Hua Kuo, Tsung-Jung Ho, Jing-Ying Lin, Ding-Yu Lin, Fu-Jen Tsai, V Vijaya Padma, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy and attenuated cardiac function are the major characteristics of early stage heart failure. Cardiomyocyte death in pathological cardiac conditions is the primary cause of heart failure and mortality. Our previous studies found that heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) protected cardiomyocytes from death by suppressing the IGF-IIR signaling pathway, which is critical for hypertensive angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. However, the role of heat shock factor 2 (HSF2) in hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy is unknown...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
John P McQuilling, Jeremy B Vines, Kelly A Kimmerling, Katie C Mowry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the growth factor and cytokine content found within the amnion and chorion layers and to determine the effects of dehydration on them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Placentas were collected from 5 to 6 consented donors following elective cesarean section, and 1-cm2 sections of either amnion or chorion were immediately stored at -80°C or dehydrated prior to -80°C storage until proteomic analysis. Signaling molecules from tissue samples were evaluated using quantitative multiplex proteomics microarrays, and data were analyzed based on a per cm2 basis and also on pg/mg of extracted protein for potency...
June 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Tomas de Mayo, Paulette Conget, Silvia Becerra-Bayona, Claudia L Sossa, Virgilio Galvis, Martha L Arango-Rodríguez
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have shown to be a promising tool in cell therapies to treat different conditions. Several pre-clinical and clinical studies have proved that the transplantation of MSCs improves wound healing. Here, we compare the beneficial effects of mouse bone marrow-derived allogeneic MSCs (allo-mBM-MSCs) and their acelullar derivatives (allo-acd-mMSCs) on skin wound healing in Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice. One dose of allo-mBM-MSCs (1×106 cells) or one dose of allo-acd-mMSCs (1X) were intradermally injected around wounds in 8-10 week old female NOD mice...
2017: PloS One
Elizabeth N Allred, Olaf Dammann, Raina N Fichorova, Stephen R Hooper, Scott J Hunter, Robert M Joseph, Karl Kuban, Alan Leviton, Thomas Michael O'Shea, Megan N Scott
Although multiple sources link inflammation with attention difficulties, the only human study that evaluated the relationship between systemic inflammation and attention problems assessed attention at age 2 years. Parent and/or teacher completion of the Childhood Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4) provided information about characteristics that screen for attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) among 793 10-year-old children born before the 28th week of gestation who had an IQ ≥ 70. The concentrations of 27 proteins in blood spots obtained during the first postnatal month were measured...
September 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
Mohammed Emehdi Atef, Madhu B Anand-Srivastava
Gqα signaling has been implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. In addition, angiotensin II (Ang II) was also shown to induce its hypertrophic effect through Gqα and PKCδ activation. We recently showed the role of enhanced expression of Gqα/PLCβ1 proteins in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hypertrophy, however, the role of PKCδ in VSMC hypertrophy in animal model is still lacking. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the role of PKCδ and the associated signaling mechanisms in VSMC hypertrophy using 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)...
2016: PloS One
An-Li Tong, Fen Wang, Yun-Ying Cui, Chun-Yan Li, Yu-Xiu Li
The cross talk between angiotensin II (Ang II) and insulin has been described mainly in cardiovascular cells, hepatocytes, adipocytes, and so forth, and to date no such cross talk was reported in adrenal. In this study, we examined the interaction between Ang II and insulin/IGF-1 in ERK and AKT signaling pathways and expression of steroidogenic enzymes in H295R cells. Compared to the control, 100 nM Ang II increased phospho-ERK1/2 approximately 3-fold. Insulin (100 nM) or IGF-1 (10 nM) alone raised phospho-ERK1/2 1...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
Gurugirijha Rathnasamy, Wallace S Foulds, Eng Ang Ling, Charanjit Kaur
Glutamate that accumulates in injured brain tissue has been shown to hinder the neuroprotection rendered by insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). However, its role in attenuating the neuroprotective effect of IGF-1 in the hypoxic retina is unknown and the current study was aimed at elucidating this. One-day-old Wistar rats were exposed to hypoxia for 2 h and the retinas were studied at 3 h to 14 days after exposure. Following hypoxia, the concentrations of glutamate and IGF-1 were significantly increased over control values in the immature retina and in cultured retinal ganglion cells (RGCs)...
July 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Ming Fang, Yun Yuan, Jia Lu, Hong E Li, Min Zhao, Eng-Ang Ling, Chun-Yun Wu
Scutellarin, an anti-inflammatory agent, has been reported to suppress microglia activation. It promotes astrocytic reaction but through activated microglia. Here we sought to determine more specifically the outcomes of scutellarin treatment in reactive astrocytes in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). GFAP, MAP-2 and PSD-95 expression was assessed in reactive astrocytes in scutellarin injected MCAO rats. Expression of BDNF, NT-3 and IGF-1, and cell cycle markers cyclin-D1/B1 was also evaluated...
July 2016: Neurochemistry International
Monia Savi, Leonardo Bocchi, Stefano Rossi, Caterina Frati, Gallia Graiani, Costanza Lagrasta, Michele Miragoli, Elisa Di Pasquale, Giuliano G Stirparo, Giuseppina Mastrototaro, Konrad Urbanek, Antonella De Angelis, Emilio Macchi, Donatella Stilli, Federico Quaini, Ezio Musso
c-Kit(pos) cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) represent a successful approach in healing the infarcted heart and rescuing its mechanical function, but electrophysiological consequences are uncertain. CPC mobilization promoted by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and IGF-1 improved electrogenesis in myocardial infarction (MI). We hypothesized that locally delivered CPCs supplemented with HGF + IGF-1 (GFs) can concur in ameliorating electrical stability of the regenerated heart. Adult male Wistar rats (139 rats) with 4-wk-old MI or sham conditions were randomized to receive intramyocardial injection of GFs, CPCs, CPCs + GFs, or vehicle (V)...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Wenjing Zhang, Xinmei Zhao, Ying Xiao, Jianmin Chen, Pengfei Han, Jingyao Zhang, Haiying Fu, Y James Kang
Depressed capillary density is associated with myocardial ischemic infarction, in which hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is increased. The present study was undertaken to examine changes in the angiogenic factors whose expression is regulated by HIF-1 and their relation to the depressed capillary density in the Rhesus monkey model of myocardial ischemic infarction. Male Rhesus monkeys 2-3 years old were subjected to myocardial ischemia by permanent ligation of left anterior descending (LAD) artery leading to the development of myocardial infarction...
July 13, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Harika Atmaca, Emir Bozkurt
Plants, due to their remarkable composition, are considered as natural resources of bioactive compounds with specific biological activities. Salvia genus (Lamiaceae) has been used around the world in complementary medicine since ancient times. We investigated the cytotoxic, apoptotic and anti-angiogenic effects of methanolic Salvia triloba extract (STE) in prostate cancer cells. Cell viability was evaluated by XTT; apoptosis was investigated by DNA fragmentation and caspase 3/7 activity assays. Changes in the angiogenic cytokine levels were investigated by human angiogenesis antibody array...
March 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Antonella De Angelis, Elena Piegari, Donato Cappetta, Rosa Russo, Grazia Esposito, Loreta Pia Ciuffreda, Fiorella Angelica Valeria Ferraiolo, Caterina Frati, Francesco Fagnoni, Liberato Berrino, Federico Quaini, Francesco Rossi, Konrad Urbanek
BACKGROUND: The search for compounds able to counteract chemotherapy-induced heart failure is extremely important at the age of global cancer epidemic. The role of SIRT1 in the maintenance of progenitor cell homeostasis may contribute to its cardioprotective effects. SIRT1 activators, by preserving progenitor cells, could have a clinical relevance for the prevention of doxorubicin (DOXO)-cardiotoxicity. METHODS: To determine whether SIRT1 activator, resveratrol (RES), interferes with adverse effects of DOXO on cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs): 1) human CPCs (hCPCs) were exposed in vitro to DOXO or DOXO+RES and their regenerative potential was tested in vivo in an animal model of DOXO-induced heart failure; 2) the in vivo effects of DOXO+RES co-treatment on CPCs were studied in a rat model...
2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Yan-Xiong Mao, Jin-Fu Xu, Eric J Seeley, Xiao-Dan Tang, Lu-Lu Xu, Ying-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Song, Jie-Ming Qu
RATIONALE: New strategies for treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa pulmonary infection are urgently needed. Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) may have a potential therapeutic role in P. aeruginosa-induced pulmonary infection. METHODS: The therapeutic and mechanistic effects of ASCs on P. aeruginosa pulmonary infection were evaluated in a murine model of P. aeruginosa pneumonia. RESULTS: ASCs exhibited protective effects against P...
July 2015: Stem Cells
Linhui Ruan, Brian Wang, Qichuan ZhuGe, Kunlin Jin
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and severe long-term disability worldwide. Development of effective treatment or new therapeutic strategies for ischemic stroke patients is therefore crucial. Ischemic stroke promotes neurogenesis by several growth factors including FGF-2, IGF-1, BDNF, VEGF and chemokines including SDF-1, MCP-1. Stroke-induced angiogenesis is similarly regulated by many factors most notably, eNOS and CSE, VEGF/VEGFR2, and Ang-1/Tie2. Important findings in the last decade have revealed that neurogenesis is not the stand-alone consideration in the fight for full functional recovery from stroke...
October 14, 2015: Brain Research
Baljit Singh, Julia A Smith, Deborah M Axelrod, Pietro Ameri, Heather Levitt, Ann Danoff, Martin Lesser, Cristina de Angelis, Irineu Illa-Bochaca, Sara Lubitz, Daniel Huberman, Farbod Darvishian, David L Kleinberg
INTRODUCTION: Estrogen inhibition is effective in preventing breast cancer in only up to 50% of women with precancerous lesions and many experience side effects that are poorly tolerated. As insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) underlies both estrogen and progesterone actions and has other direct effects on mammary development and carcinogenesis, we hypothesized that IGF-I inhibition might provide a novel approach for breast cancer chemoprevention. METHODS: In total, 13 women with core breast biopsies diagnostic of atypical hyperplasia (AH) were treated for 10 days with pasireotide, a somatostatin analog which uniquely inhibits IGF-I action in the mammary gland...
November 11, 2014: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Xiubo Fan, Florence Ph Gay, Francesca Wi Lim, Justina Ml Ang, Pat Py Chu, Sudipto Bari, William Yk Hwang
INTRODUCTION: Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) and angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) can enhance the ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) when used with a standard cytokine cocktail of stem cell factor (SCF), thrombopoietin (TPO) and FLT3 ligand (FL). In order to determine the optimal dose and combination of IGFs, IGFBPs and ANGPTLs, serial dilution and full permutation of IGFBP1, IGFBP2, IGF2 and ANGPTL3 were applied on a cryopreserved umbilical cord blood mononuclear cell (UCB-MNC) ex vivo expansion system...
May 30, 2014: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Suk-Yu Yau, Ang Li, En-Dong Zhang, Brian R Christie, Aimin Xu, Tatia M C Lee, Kwok-Fai So
We have previously shown that voluntary running acts as an anxiolytic and ameliorates deficits in hippocampal neurogenesis and spatial learning. It also reduces depression-like behaviors that are normally observed in rats that were administered either low (30 mg/kg) or moderate (40 mg/kg) doses of corticosterone (CORT). However, the protective effects of running were absent in rats treated with a high (50 mg/kg) dose of CORT. We examined whether allowing animals to exercise for 2 weeks prior and/or concurrently with the administration of 50 mg/kg CORT treatment could have similar protective effects...
2014: Cell Transplantation
C-Y Huang, W-W Kuo, Y-L Yeh, T-J Ho, J-Y Lin, D-Y Lin, C-H Chu, F-J Tsai, C-H Tsai, C-Y Huang
Hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy and apoptosis are major characteristics of early-stage heart failure. Our previous studies found that the activation of insulin-like growth factor receptor II (IGF-IIR) signaling was critical for hypertensive angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. However, the detailed mechanism by which ANG II regulates IGF-IIR in heart cells remains elusive. In this study, we found that ANG II activated its downstream kinase JNK to increase IGF-IIR expression through the ANG II receptor angiotensin type 1 receptor...
August 2014: Cell Death and Differentiation
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