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Migraine Headaches

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791944/the-global-burden-of-headache
#1
Deanna Saylor, Timothy J Steiner
At the turn of the century, most of the world's population lived in regions where the prevalence of headache was unknown and its impact poorly understood. Lifting The Burden (LTB), a nonprofit organization in official relations with the World Health Organization, established the Global Campaign against Headache, with the ultimate purpose of reducing the burden of headache worldwide. First, the scope and scale of this burden had to be known. LTB embarked upon a program of population-based studies in countries in all world regions in order to achieve its aim...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789115/hints-on-diagnosing-and-treating-headache
#2
Arne May
BACKGROUND: Headache, like dizziness, is one of the more common presenting complaints in outpatient care and in the emergency room. More than 200 varieties of headache have been described, and the false impression may arise that the diagnosis and treatment of these syndromes is a highly challenging task. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed. RESULTS: In primary headache, the headache is not a symptom but a disease in its own right...
April 27, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785113/acupuncture-in-migraine-prophylaxis-in-czech-patients-an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Frantisek Musil, Jitka Pokladnikova, Zbysek Pavelek, Bo Wang, Xin Guan, Martin Valis
Background: Adjuvant acupuncture for the symptomatic treatment of migraine reduces the frequency of headaches and may be at least similarly effective to treatment with prophylactic drugs. Methods: This article describes an open-label randomized controlled clinical trial with two groups: the intervention group (n=42) and the waiting-list control group (n=44). This study occurred at the Czech-Chinese Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine at the University Hospital Hradec Kralove between October 2015 and April 2017...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782049/use-of-most-bothersome-symptom-as-a-coprimary-endpoint-in-migraine-clinical-trials-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-pivotal-zotrip-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
David W Dodick, Stewart J Tepper, Deborah I Friedman, Amy A Gelfand, Donald J Kellerman, Peter C Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the utility of using pain freedom and most bothersome headache-associated symptom (MBS) freedom as co-primary endpoints in clinical trials of acute migraine interventions. BACKGROUND: Adhesive dermally applied microarray (ADAM) is an investigational system for intracutaneous drug administration. The recently completed pivotal Phase 2b/3 study (ZOTRIP), evaluating ADAM zolmitriptan for the treatment of acute moderate to severe migraine, was one of the first large studies to incorporate MBS freedom and pain freedom as co-primary endpoints per recently issued guidance by the US Food and Drug Administration...
May 21, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781197/efficacy-and-safety-of-levetiracetam-for-migraine-prophylaxis-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
A K Watkins, M E Gee, J N Brown
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Migraine is a common and costly neurological disorder that affects approximately 1 of every 7 people annually. Pharmacological therapy for prevention of migraine is warranted when patients experience at least 6 headache days, 4 headache days with at least some impairment or 3 headache days with severe impairment or requiring bed rest in a month. Levetiracetam is an antiepileptic drug that has the potential to be beneficial for migraine prophylaxis. The objective of this review was to assess the safety and efficacy of levetiracetam for migraine prophylaxis...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780436/fragranced-consumer-products-effects-on-asthmatic-australians
#6
Anne Steinemann, Amanda J Wheeler, Alexander Larcombe
Exposure to fragranced consumer products, such as air fresheners and cleaning supplies, is associated with adverse health effects such as asthma attacks, breathing difficulties, and migraine headaches. This study investigated the prevalence and types of health problems associated with exposure to fragranced products among asthmatic Australians. Nationally representative cross-sectional data were obtained in June 2016 with an online survey of adult Australians ( n  = 1098), of which 28.5% were medically diagnosed with asthma or an asthma-like condition...
2018: Air Quality, Atmosphere, & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779126/animal-models-of-chronic-migraine
#7
REVIEW
Tse-Ming Chou, Shih-Pin Chen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic migraine (CM) is a recalcitrant subtype of migraine which causes high degrees of disability, poor treatment responses, and frequent recurrences in sufferers. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development and chronification of migraine attacks remain incompletely understood. A validated animal model could help to decipher the pathogenic mechanism of the disease, facilitating the development of possible therapeutic strategies for CM. In this review, we aimed to summarize current animal models of CM and discuss the validity of these models...
May 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777478/the-relationship-with-restless-legs-syndrome-fibromyalgia-and-depressive-symptoms-in-migraine-patients
#8
Zehra Akdag Uzun, Semiha Kurt, Hatice Karaer Unaldi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate restless legs syndrome, depression, frequency of fibromyalgia and possible causes of its frequencies, and the relationships among these synergies and migraine's prodrome, aura, pain, and postdrome symptoms in patients with migraine. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study group included 200 patients previously or recently diagnosed with definite migraine and according to International Headache Society criteria and 200 healthy volunteers...
May 18, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771142/the-development-of-a-mouse-model-of-mtbi-induced-post-traumatic-migraine-and-identification-of-the-delta-opioid-receptor-as-a-novel-therapeutic-target
#9
Laura S Moye, Madeline L Novack, Alycia F Tipton, Harish Krishnan, Subhash C Pandey, Amynah Aa Pradhan
Background Post-traumatic headache is the most common and long-lasting impairment observed following mild traumatic brain injury, and frequently has migraine-like characteristics. The mechanisms underlying progression from mild traumatic brain injury to post-traumatic headache are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to develop a mouse model of post-traumatic headache and identify mechanisms and novel targets associated with this disorder. Methods We combined the closed head weight-drop method and the nitroglycerin chronic migraine model...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771141/headache-comorbidities-and-lifestyle-in-an-adolescent-population-the-teens-study
#10
Marta Torres-Ferrus, Carme Vila-Sala, Manuel Quintana, Sara Ajanovic, Victor José Gallardo, Juan Bernardo Gomez, José Alvarez-Sabin, Alfons Macaya, Patricia Pozo-Rosich
Objective To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of headache and its relationship with comorbidities and lifestyle in a teenage population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Data was collected from students aged 12-18 years from six different schools in Catalonia, Spain. They completed an anonymous questionnaire with demographic, lifestyle, medical data, presence of recurrent headaches and its features, and completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. We defined probable migraine if headache presented ≥ 3 ICHD-3 beta criteria for migraine...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768938/double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-rosc-addition-in-migraine-acute-treatment
#11
Laís Bhering Martins, Ana Maria Dos Santos Rodrigues, Débora Fernandes Rodrigues, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira
Background Previous studies have demonstrated the analgesic effects of ginger in different conditions, but evidence about its efficacy in migraine treatment is scarce. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the potential of ginger to improve acute migraine as an add-on strategy to standard treatment. Methods A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial in the emergency room of a general hospital was conducted. Patients who sought medical care at the time of migraine attack were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767791/noninvasive-vagal-nerve-stimulation-in-chronic-migraine-with-medication-overuse-headache
#12
Alessandro Vacca, Annalisa Gai, Flora Govone, Elisa Rubino, Paola De Martino, Salvatore Gentile, Lorenzo Pinessi, Innocenzo Rainero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767651/impaired-standing-balance-in-individuals-with-cervicogenic-headache-and-migraine
#13
Munlika Sremakaew, Somporn Sungkarat, Julia Treleaven, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
AIMS: To determine whether a difference in standing balance exists among individuals with cervicogenic headache, those with migraine, and asymptomatic controls. METHODS: A total of 24 participants with cervicogenic headache, 24 with migraine, and 24 asymptomatic controls of similar age, gender, and body mass index were included. Standing balance was assessed with a swaymeter under the conditions of eyes open and closed; on firm and soft surfaces; and in comfortable and narrow stances (for a total of eight testing conditions)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765566/efficacy-of-combination-of-viola-odorata-rosa-damascena-and-coriandrum-sativum-in-prevention-of-migraine-attacks-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Mohadese Kamali, Rostam Seifadini, Hoda Kamali, Mitra Mehrabani, Yunes Jahani, Haleh Tajadini
Background: Migraine is the second most common type of headache after tension headaches. In Iranian traditional medicine several herbal drugs are used for the treatment of headache. Including, a product of Iranian traditional medicine, a combination of Viola odorata L. flowers, Rosa damascena L. flowers and Coriandrum sativum L. fruits. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a combination of Viola odorata flowers, Rosa damascene flowers and Coriandrum sativum fruits on severity, duration and frequency of migraine headaches...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765218/the-effects-of-maras-powder-use-on-patients-with-migraine
#15
Yılmaz İnanç, Fatma Özlem Orhan, Yusuf İnanç
Background: It is accepted that smoking often triggers migraine. However, studies evaluating the relationship between the use of smokeless tobacco and migraine are limited, and there is no clear consensus on the subject. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the relationship between migraine and Maras powder, which is the most common smokeless tobacco in Turkey. Subjects and methods: The study included a total of 600 subjects, consisting of 300 patients (aged >18 years) diagnosed with a migraine according to the International Headache Society (IHS-ICHD-3 Beta) criteria after presenting at Sütçü Imam University Medical Faculty Neurology Policlinic with the complaint of headache between July 2016 and December 2016 and a control group of 300 individuals with similar features of age, gender, and educational level...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762872/the-effect-of-onabotulinumtoxina-on-aura-frequency-and-severity-in-patients-with-hemiplegic-migraine-case-series-of-11-patients
#16
Tiffany Y Chen, Ivan Garza, David W Dodick, Carrie E Robertson
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA has been demonstrated to be effective for the preventive treatment of headache in individuals with chronic migraine and has been approved and recommended for this patient population. While the therapeutic effect of onabotulinumtoxinA on migraine headache is well documented, there is limited information on the effect of onabotulinumtoxinA on migraine aura. OBJECTIVE: Given the prolonged and often debilitating nature of aura in patients with hemiplegic migraine, our group sought to examine the effect of onabotulinumtoxinA on aura frequency and severity in this specific subset of migraine patients...
May 15, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762446/prospective-analysis-of-the-greater-occipital-nerve-location-in-patients-undergoing-occipital-nerve-decompression
#17
Jacqueline S Israel, Steve J Kempton, Ahmed M Afifi
BACKGROUND: Migraine surgery and onabotulinumtoxinA injections aim to deactivate neurovascular trigger points implicated in chronic headaches. The greater occipital nerve (GON) is a common trigger point. The depth of this nerve has not been previously described. The purpose of this study was to report the intraoperative location, including depth, of the GON in human subjects undergoing migraine surgery. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients who underwent GON decompression by a single surgeon...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760569/concomitant-use-of-opioid-medications-with-triptans-or-serotonergic-antidepressants-in-us-office-based-physician-visits
#18
Kyle C Molina, Kathleen A Fairman, David A Sclar
Background: Opioids are not recommended for routine treatment of migraine because their benefits are outweighed by risks of medication overuse headache and abuse/dependence. A March 2016 US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) safety communication warned of the risk of serotonin syndrome from using opioids concomitantly with 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonists (triptans) or serotonergic antidepressants: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757458/posttraumatic-headache-basic-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-targets
#19
REVIEW
Joshua Kamins, Andrew Charles
Frequent or continuous headache, often refractory to medical therapy, is a common occurrence after head trauma. In addition to being the most common acute symptom after traumatic brain injury (TBI), headache is also one of the most persistent and disabling symptoms. Different studies indicate that 18-58% of those suffering a TBI will have significant headache at 1 year following the trauma. In addition to being disabling on its own, posttraumatic headache (PTH) is a predictor of overall outcome after concussion...
May 14, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751998/does-somatostatin-have-a-role-to-play-in-migraine-headache
#20
REVIEW
Geoffrey A Lambert, Alessandro S Zagami
Migraine is a condition without apparent pathology. Its cardinal symptom is the prolonged excruciating headache. Theories about this pain have posited pathologies which run the gamut from neural to vascular to neurovascular, but no observations have detected a plausible pathology. We believe that no pathology can be found for migraine headache because none exists. Migraine is not driven by pathology - it is driven by neural events produced by triggers - or simply by neural noise- noise that has crossed a critical threshold...
April 17, 2018: Neuropeptides
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